Damian Wayne is a fictional character appearing in comic books published by DC Comics, created by Grant Morrison and Andy Kubert in association with Batman. He is the genetically engineered son of Batman and Talia al Ghul, thus, the grandson of Batman villain Ra's al Ghul and the potential inheritor of Wayne Enterprises as son of Bruce. With the al Ghuls citing Bruce Wayne as the optimal successor to their empire, after a night of passion with the daughter of Ra's al Ghul, Damian was grown in an artificial womb; the character appeared as an unnamed infant in the 1987 story Batman: Son of the Demon, which at that time was not considered canon. Following this, various alternate universe stories dealt with the character's life, giving him various names. In 2006, the character was reinterpreted as Damian Wayne by Grant Morrison, introduced into the main continuity in Batman #655, the first issue of the "Batman and Son" story arc. Damian Wayne is the fifth character to assume the role of Batman's vigilante partner.
The result of a "eugenics experiment", Damian as a pre-adolescent is left by his mother in the care of his father, unaware of his son's existence. He is violent, self-important and was trained by the League of Assassins, learning to kill at a young age, which troubles the relationship with his father, who refuses to kill. However, the Dark Knight does care for his lost progeny. After the events of Batman R. I. P. and Batman: Battle for the Cowl, he takes the role of Robin at ten years of age, becoming the fifth person to use the Robin persona. He first worked with Dick Grayson before going to work alongside his father, upon the original's return to the role of Batman, he continued to serve as Robin until Inc.. #8, in which he is killed by the Heretic, an agent of his mother and his own clone of accelerated growth. In 2014's Batman and Robin vol. 2, #37, Batman resurrects Damian. In 2013, Damian Wayne placed 25th on IGN's Top 25 Heroes of DC Comics. Damian Wayne is ranked No 1 in IGN's Top Ten Best Robins and No 6 in Newsarama's 10 Most Popular Comic Book Characters Introduced in the Last 25 Years.
The child from Son of the Demon was used as a backup character in various stories before appearing as Damian Wayne. In the Elseworlds story, The Brotherhood of the Bat, a version named Tallant Wayne appears, who crusades against his grandfather Ra's al Ghul. Brotherhood of the Bat features a future in which Ra's al Ghul discovers the Batcave following Bruce Wayne's death, outfits the League of Assassins in variant Batman costumes based on Wayne's rejected designs. Talia and Bruce's son join the Brotherhood in his father's costume. In Kingdom Come by Mark Waid and Alex Ross, which functioned as a possible future to the canon of the time, the child of Batman and Talia is named Ibn al Xu'ffasch "Son of the Bat", a member of Lex Luthor's inner circle, he falls in love with the daughter of Dick Grayson and Starfire. He works as a double agent for Batman in Luthor's organization. In the Elliot S! Maggin novelization of Kingdom Come, al Xu'ffasch tells Bruce that his mother Talia is still alive and working as a Mother Superior in India, one of Mother Teresa's successors.
Al Xu'ffasch reappears in Waid's 1999 sequel The Kingdom. The Kingdom: Son of the Bat shows flashbacks that shed new insights into Ibn al Xu'ffasch's history: that he was reared by Ra's al Ghul to be the heir to his empire, that he murdered his grandfather, that he sought therapy from psychiatrist Dr. Gibson, he was recruited by Rip Hunter to try to stop a madman named Gog from altering his history. He works with several other heroes of his generation -- the daughter of the Flash. In League of Batmen, the sequel to Brotherhood of the Bat, Tallant leads his own team of variant Batmen to combat the plague, al Ghul's legacy. During the battle, Tallant discovers that his grandfather is the one who murdered his father and cloned him. Ra's sent the clone to murder his own daughter; because the deaths of his parents at Ra's's hands, Tallant has completed following his father's tragic path as Batman. The new Dark Knight desires justice for his parents along with trying to stop his grandfather, while having to battle his father's murderous double.
Grant Morrison's story titled Batman and Son expands upon the Son of the Demon storyline as part of a remodeling of Batman's personality after the events of Infinite Crisis. In Morrison's version, the child Damian Wayne is the result of a tryst between Batman and Talia, during which the Dark Knight claims he was drugged when they were at the Tropic of Cancer, though Morrison admitted the claim of drugging was a canonical error on his part. Since however in issues of the Morrison penned Batman Incorporated, the drugging is reaffirmed and is once again part of Damian's origin; the final issue of 52 designates the Kingdom Come alternate universe as Earth-22, thus making the Ibn al Xu'ffasch version part of the DC Multiverse and Damian Wayne's parallel universe counterpart. Justice Society of America vol. 3 #22 reveals that he would marry Nightstar with whom he would have a daughter and son. Damian's origin is unknown to Batman. Genetically perfected and grown in an artificial womb, Damian was intended to be a formidable warrior.
He is raised by the League of Assassins. He becomes a talented martial artist before his teenage years, at which time Talia reveals Damian's existence to Bruce Wayne and leaves him
Lepiota cristata known as the stinking dapperling or the stinking parasol, is an agaric and poisonous mushroom in the family Agaricaceae. A common and widespread species—one of the most widespread fungi in the genus Lepiota—it has been reported from Europe, northern Asia, North America, New Zealand, it fruits on the ground in disturbed areas, such as lawns and road edges and gardens. The species produces fruit bodies characterized by the flat, reddish-brown concentric scales on the caps, an unpleasant odour resembling burnt rubber. Similar Lepiota species can sometimes be distinguished from L. cristata by differences in cap colour, stipe structure, or odour, although some species can only be reliably distinguished through the use of microscopy. Lepiota cristata was first described as Agaricus cristatus by the British naturalist James Bolton in his 1788 work An History of Fungusses, Growing about Halifax; the type collection was made from a garden in Warley Town in 1787. This name remained until 1871 when German mycologist Paul Kummer moved the species into the genus Lepiota, where it gained its current name, Lepiota cristata.
MycoBank lists several varieties of L. cristata. These are: L. cristata var. adextrinoidea E. Valenz. & G. Moreno L. cristata var. congolensis Beeli L. cristata var. cristata P. Kumm. L. cristata var. exannulata Bon L. cristata var. felinoides Bon L. cristata var. macrospora J. F. Liang & Zhu L. Yang L. cristata var. pallidior Boud. Ex Bon L. cristata var. viridispora Kyde & J. L. Peterson Lepiota cristata var. sericea, described from the Netherlands in 1922, is now considered synonymous with Leucoagaricus sericifer. L. cristata var. exannulata, L. cristata var. felinoides and L. cristata var. pallidior may be of an uncertain taxonomic status, as despite being listed as varieties of L. cristata the same databases include these three taxa as synonyms of L. cristata. Lepiota castaneidisca was once considered a synonym of L. cristata until molecular analysis showed it to be a distinct species. The specific epithet cristata means "crested". Vernacular names for the mushroom include "malodorous lepiota", ""brown-eyed parasol", the "burnt-rubber lepiota", the "stinking dappling".
The fruit body produced by Lepiota cristata has a cap with a white to cream base colour, covered with concentrically arranged reddish-brown scales. The center of the cap is a darker reddish-brown than the rest of the cap; the cap is initial bell-shaped to convex later flattens out and develops an umbo. The crowded gills of Lepiota cristata are white to cream, free from attachment to the stipe, darken/become brownish as the mushroom ages and the spores mature; the stipe is between 2–6 cm, 0.2–0.7 cm thick. With a stipe, nearly smooth and a pale white-tinged flesh colour, L. cristata has a transient ring, membranous and deciduous. The flesh is white; the dorsal spur on the spores of Lepiota cristata gives them a wedge shape. These spores are dextrinoid, meaning they stain deep red to reddish brown with the application of Melzer's reagent; the cystidia on the gill edge in L. cristata measure about 15 -- 25 by 8 -- 14 µm. When the spores fall onto a surface, the powdery deposit they leave behind is white, apart from in L. cristata var. viridispora where the spore print is greyish green, similar to that of false parasol.
Lepiota cristata has been described as having a strong and unpleasant odour—it has been described as rubbery, pungent, fungusy, fruity and sweet. Despite this, L. cristata has been described as having a pleasant taste. Several have been described—in North America and Asia—that are similar in appearance and morphology to Lepiota cristata. Biogeographical evidence suggests that L. cristata and similar species may form a widespread species complex with a wide range of variation. It can be confused with other Lepiota species, such as L. ignivolvata, though L. ignivolvata can be distinguished from L. cristata as it has a ring, bright orange or red-brown in colour, low down on the stipe. The rare, toxic species L. lilacea has a morphology similar to L. cristata but has purple to purple-brown colours. The lookalike L. saponella, found on the west coast of France, is distinguished from L. cristata by its soapy smell, dingy buff-coloured gills, smaller scales on the cap surface. Microscopically, its spores are more triangular than those of L. cristata.
Lepiota cristatanea, a southwestern Chinese species named for its similarity to L. cristata, has smaller fruit bodies and smaller spores measuring 4.0–5.5 by 2.5–3.0 µm. Lepiota cristata is a saprobic species, deriving nutrients through decomposing dead or decayed organic material. Saprobic behaviour by L. cristata has been observed on the soil of conifer trees. L. cristata can be found growing either singly or in small groups and in multiple habitats including woodlands, garden waste, short grass, leaf litter, paths and other areas of disturbed ground. Lepiota cristata is one of the most distributed Lepiota species, can be found in North America, throughout Europe, northern Asia, it is found in New Zealand. Whilst it is unknown for sure whether Lepiota cristata is poisonous to humans or not, mycologists at least regard it as suspect − this
Ingjald Haaland was a Norwegian actor and theatre director. Haaland was born at Hålandsdal in Norway, he was the son of Brita Teigland. He was a student at Den Nationale Scene in Bergen from 1906, he made his stage debut at Dore Lavik's touring theatre in 1908. He was a member of the ensemble at Det Norske Teatret from its start in 1913, served as theatre director from 1922 to 1933, he performed at the Vestlandske Theater in Stavanger for a few years. When Det Norske Teatret was established in Oslo in 1913, he became employed there, he was theatre director from 1922 and stayed at Det Norske Teatret until 1940. He appeared in several movies including works by filmmaker Olav Dalgard including Samhold må til from 1935, he was most noted for his leading role in the 1938 dramatic film Eli Sjursdotter, based on the 1913 novel by Johan Falkberget. Haaland was married to actress Mally Carenius and from 1937 with Tove Bryn
All the Light Above It Too is the seventh studio album by American musician Jack Johnson. The album was released on September 8, 2017; the album's lead single, titled "My Mind Is for Sale", was released on July 14, 2017. It is the first of Jack's releases since his 2013 album From Here to Now to You. Brushfire Records made a deal with Johnson to release a new album every two years, which set the release date for November 2015, but Jack did not want to write a song. The first song written from the album was "Fragments." The song was written during the filming of the movie The Smog of the Sea. It first started off as a small jam session between the crew, is featured in the movie; as Jack talked about in a "Billboard" Podcast, he didn't know that he was starting the creation of an album with this song. It was. Both of these songs were the ones that represent nature, pollution in our environment, he said that "Subplots" was put at the beginning of the album because it was a great thesis statement for the entire album.
"My Mind Is for Sale" was one of two songs, written about Donald Trump on the album. The song was written just after he won the election and states how Trump is building walls, putting borders around our beautiful world; the song focuses on the immigrant ban that Trump enforced early in his Presidency. The second song about Trump, is the ninth track on the album, "Gather." The song features powerful lyrics such as "Well some of us need to gather, others gonna have to kill. With everybody so pre-occupied, who's gonna pay the bill?" The song talks about everyone focused on the United States presidential election of 2016, how the people should gather together and stand up against making borders. The album was produced by a friend of Johnson, Robbie Lackritz, recorded at Mango Tree Studio, where he recorded most of his other albums; the album was inspired by the sayings of Donald Trump and camping. Johnson had just worked on the short documentary, "Smog of the Sea", released his song "Fragments"; the documentary took a one-week journey through the sea to study animals, sea creatures.
This got Johnson thinking about what Trump has said about pollution and global warming, has included this in his album. Johnson's songs were written while he was camping in the wilderness, or on boats; this was because his home studio is too quiet and you can hear your thoughts when you are trying to write, which makes it not such a productive writing place. "I wrote these songs when I was out of reception and phones can't ring, there's not a lot else to do, so we play a lot of guitar," Johnson says. On these camping and boat trips, Johnson brought his backpack with a ukulele in it and with an acoustic guitar; when Jack wrote the album, he made it feature a more groovy style similar to his 2008 album Sleep Through the Static. Johnson did not have a plan with Brushfire Records to make the record, but decided to make a record by himself, he hopes that the album makes people feel good about such a beautiful world, to come clean about how we feel. The first track of the album called "Subplots" is the introduction to the album which states that all of the other tracks supplement that one which collages all the songs together.
A segment on the song was released on "Outside Online" as a podcast which plays the lines "And all the light up to the sun, all the light above it too is gunna rise and shine." This states that no matter how bad things get, we will always have nature to believe in, cherish. And how the sun just doesn't shine up, but everywhere and to others; the album goes on to tell a large story in chronological order. The first four songs of the album are all political songs, once you reach "Big Sur" you get happy, because it is a happy place to go on vacation. Most of the first four songs are written about current events in the news, predictable coming from Johnson; this is because many of his past songs have been about the news, including "The News", "Cookie Jar", "Good People". In this case the songs give hints about Trump's quote "fake news". On the "Outside Online" podcast, Johnson explained that he has a rule that he has to have a song to express his love with his wife Kim on every album. On this album, that song is "Love Song #16".
"Gather" is a song on the album that talks about people standing up against Trump. The song features a more pop and melodic groove, while Johnson decided to add in several instrumental percussion noises. "Gather" is one of the few songs off of the album to go through full post-production, the style is similar to Beck's album Mellow Gold. The idea of the title of the album came from the first song, recorded on the album called "Subplots". Johnson says that there is so much trouble in the world now with pollution and how a reality tv host became the president of the US, but that there is a beautiful world to appreciate, he decided to name the album "All the Light Above it Too" because it refers to the sun and how it shines in all directions during the day. Few of the songs went through post-production; some of the songs that did go through post production are "My Mind Is for Sale", "Sunsets for Somebody Else", "Gather". The album was recorded at "Mango Tree Studio" in Hawaii just after the election.
Johnson first makes sketches of the songs and records them, but this time the sketches were the final songs. Robbie Lackritz was in the studio during the recording and ad
La Grange, whose real name was Charles Varlet, was a French actor and a member of the troupe of Molière. Charles Varlet was the son of Marie de La Grange; the couple moved to Montpellier soon thereafter. Charles was born in 1635 and baptized at Notre-Dame des Tables, Montpellier, on 8 March 1636, at the age of about 9 months, he had Achille Varlet and sister, Justine-Françoise. After the birth of his sister the family left Montpellier and was in Paris in 1642, but not long after the children lost their parents and became orphans. La Grange joined Molière's company in 1659, soon after they had returned to Paris from touring the provinces. Being young and attractive, he was the jeune premier and played Molière's lovers, roles which as Charles Dickens, Jr. has written are "among the least interesting of his personages." La Grange played more versatile parts such as the title roles in Racine's Alexandre le Grand and Molière's Dom Juan, as well as Acaste in Molière's The Misanthrope. La Grange acted as the company's secretary and historian, creating a register of all plays performed as well as receipts and other commentary on matters affecting the company.
These documents are an important source of information for scholars interested in the period. In 1664 La Grange replaced Molière as the Orator, the company member who addressed the audience and introduced the plays. On 25 April 1672, during the company's Easter break, La Grange married Marie Ragueneau de l'Estang, known as Marotte, after the chambermaid in Moliére's Les Précieuses ridicules. Ragueneau had first become associated with the company in 1660 as the chambermaid of the actress Mademoiselle de Brie, began to play small parts beginning as Marotte, but soon followed by Georgette in Molière's L'École des femmes in 1663, she created the title role in Molière's La Comtesse d'Escarbagnas in 1671. Marie Ragueneau was the daughter of Cyprien Ragueneau, a pastry chef, now chiefly remembered as a character in the 1898 play Cyrano de Bergerac by Edmond Rostand. Not long after her marriage to La Grange she became an official member of Molière's company, receiving a one-half share and in 1680 was one of the founding members of the Comédie-Française, along with her brother-in-law, an actor, known as Verneuil.
Molière died in 1673 after which La Grange was instrumental in the rebuilding of the company during the transition to its new theatre at the Hôtel de Guénégaud. When the troupe merged with the players of the Hôtel de Bourgogne in 1680 forming the Comédie-Française, he became the new company's Orator. In 1682 he wrote the preface of the first collected edition of Molière's plays; the theatre historian, Samuel Chappuzeau, writing in 1674, described La Grange as an actor as follows: La Grange is regarded, rightly so, as a good actor in both serious and comic roles. Although of no more than medium build, he is well proportioned, has a jaunty and relaxed manner, which gives a good impression before he speaks, he succeeded Molière not only as orateur, but in the concern he shows for the general well-being of the company, being both intelligent and trustworthy. Banham, Martin; the Cambridge Guide to the Theatre, second edition. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-43437-9. Dickens, Charles.
"The Old French Theatre", in two parts. Part II, All the year round. A Weekly Journal. Volume 36, pp. 5 to 11. London: Charles Dickens. View at Google Books. Hartnoll, editor; the Oxford Companion to the Theatre, fourth edition. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-211546-1. Howarth, William H. editor. French Theatre in the Neo-Classical Era 1550–1789. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Mongrédien, Georges. Dictionnaire biographique des comédiens français second edition. Paris: Centre national de la recherche scientifique. ISBN 9780785948421. Thierry, Édouard, editor. Charles Varlet de la Grange et son registre. Paris: Jules Claye. View at HathiTrust. Young, Bert Edward, editor. Le registre de La Grange: 1659–1685, two volumes. Paris: E. Droz. Catalog record at HathiTrust. La Grange at CÉSAR.org.uk
Shock is a novel written by Robin Cook in 2001. It is a medical science fiction woven around a fertility clinic that uses unethical means to get rich; the novel is about two friends Deborah Cochrane and Joanna Meissner, both of whom are shown as protagonists. Joanna dumps her boyfriend Carlton Williams and finds herself in need of money to complete her studies, her friend Deborah shows her a newspaper article about Wingate Clinic, offering $45,000 for people willing to donate their eggs for infertile patients. The two friends decide to donate the eggs. Everything goes on peacefully till they complete their doctorate studies and come back to USA. Here their curiosity gets the better of them and they decide to find out what happened to their eggs. With the Wingate Clinic maintaining a strict silence about their working, the two of them decide to use some unfair means to get this information. Using the help of a hacker friend and Deborah try to break into the online records of Wingate Clinic, but are met with failure as it was a well-protected system.
They decide to get the inside information by first getting in posing as prospective employees. They use Social Security Numbers of deceased women to forge their identity and get employed in the clinic. Joanna gets work as a word processing employee. In order to get access to the high security data, they steal the Access Card of Wingate Clinic's owner, Spencer Wingate, by giving him an overdose of liquor. Using the Access Card, they gain authorized entry into the Server Room, from where the records are managed. For them, as all movements into the Server Room as well as the changes made in the file system are logged, their identity gets revealed. In parallel, they find out that while Joanna was subjected to organ theft, the Clinic illegally performs ovary culture on all the stolen eggs as well as uses many workers as surrogate mothers. From here starts the chase where the Wingate Clinic's officers try to kill the women and they try to save their lives and bring Wingate's ill-deeds to the knowledge of the world.
The novel has an open-ending, leaving the readers to guess. Deborah Cochrane – main character Joanna Meissner – main character Carlton Williams – Joanna's boyfriend The major theme of the book is the issue of cloning and organ theft as possible unethical means, left unchecked by society, to give a chance for people to make quick money. Although the author himself doesn't mention this, the message from this book is clear that the author considers it wrong for people to use these means; the author uses this as a creative possibility for a thriller medical science fiction novel. The other creative possibility used by the author as a new method of doing fraud is identity theft, although in this novel, the author uses the possibility of identity theft from deceased people whose records don't get updated quickly; this novel discusses the issue of Bioethics in a quite involved manner and uses it as a base of science fiction novel. The author, in an interview, stated that he used this topic to give the readers an insight into this new and quite unknown field.
Quite evidently, the author has used a current science and technology related topic to build a thriller. Amazon.com's listing of the novel