Damselflies are insects of the suborder Zygoptera in the order Odonata. They are similar to dragonflies, which constitute the other odonatan suborder, but are smaller, have slimmer bodies, most species fold the wings along the body when at rest, unlike dragonflies which hold the wings flat and away from the body. An ancient group, damselflies have existed since at least the Lower Permian, are found on every continent except Antarctica. All damselflies are predatory; the nymphs are aquatic, with different species living in a variety of freshwater habitats including acid bogs, ponds and rivers. The nymphs moult at the last moult climbing out of the water to undergo metamorphosis; the skin splits down the back, they emerge and inflate their wings and abdomen to gain their adult form. Their presence on a body of water indicates that it is unpolluted, but their dependence on freshwater makes them vulnerable to damage to their wetland habitats; some species of damselfly have elaborate courtship behaviours.
Many species are sexually dimorphic, the males being more brightly coloured than the females. Like dragonflies, they reproduce using delayed fertilisation. A mating pair form a shape known as a "heart" or "wheel", the male clasping the female at the back of the head, the female curling her abdomen down to pick up sperm from secondary genitalia at the base of the male's abdomen; the pair remain together with the male still clasping the female while she lays eggs within the tissue of plants in or near water using a robust ovipositor. Fishing flies. Damselflies sometimes provide the subject for personal jewellery such as brooches; the Zygoptera are an ancient group, with fossils known from the lower Permian, at least 250 million years ago. All the fossils of that age are of adults, similar in structure to modern damselflies, so it is not known whether their larvae were aquatic at that time; the earliest larval odonate. Fossils of damselfly-like Protozygoptera date back further to 311–30 Mya. Well-preserved Eocene damselfly larvae and exuviae are known from fossils preserved in amber in the Baltic region.
Molecular analysis in 2013 confirms that most of the traditional families are monophyletic, but shows that the Amphipterygidae, Megapodagrionidae and Protoneuridae are paraphyletic and will need to be reorganised. The Protoneuridae in particular is shown to be composed of six clades from five families; the result so far is 27 damselfly families, with 7 more to be created. The discovered clades did not agree well with traditional characteristics used to classify living and fossil Zygoptera such as wing venation, so fossil taxa will need to be revisited; the 18 extant traditional families are provisionally rearranged as follows: Dashed lines indicate unresolved relationships. The general body plan of a damselfly is similar to that of a dragonfly; the compound eyes are large but are more separated and smaller than those of a dragonfly. Above the eyes is the frons or forehead, below this the clypeus, on the upper lip the labrum, an extensible organ used in the capture of prey; the top of the head bears three simple eyes, which may measure light intensity, a tiny pair of antennae that serve no olfactory function but may measure air speed.
Many species are sexually dimorphic. For example, in Coenagrion, the Eurasian bluets, the males are bright blue with black markings, while the females are predominantly green or brown with black. A few dimorphic species show female-limited polymorphism, the females being in two forms, one form distinct and the other with the patterning as in males; the ones that look like males, are under a third of the female population but the proportion can rise and a theory that explains this response suggests that it helps overcome harassment by males. Some Coenagrionid damselflies show male-limited polymorphism, an less understood phenomenon. In general, damselflies are smaller than dragonflies, the smallest being members of the genus Agriocnemis. However, members of the Pseudostigmatidae are exceptionally large for the group, with wingspans as much as 19 cm in Megaloprepus and body length up to 13 cm in Pseudostigma aberrans; the first thoracic segment is the prothorax. The joint between head and prothorax is slender and flexible, which enables the damselfly to swivel its head and to manoeuvre more when flying.
The remaining thoracic segments are the fused mesothorax and metathorax, each with a pair of wings and a pair of legs. A dark stripe known as the humeral stripe runs from the base of the front wings to the second pair of legs, just in front of this is the pale-coloured, antehumeral stripe; the forewings and hindwings are similar in appearance and are membranous, being strengthened and supported by longitudinal veins that are linked by many cross-veins and that are filled with haemolymph. Species markers include quadrangular markings on the wings known as the pterostigma or stigma, in all species, there is a nodus near the leading edge; the thorax houses the flight muscles. Many damselflies have clear wings, but some have coloured wings, whether uniformly suffused with colour or boldly marked with a coloured patch. In species such a
Dinesh Nakrani is an Indian-born cricketer who represents the Uganda cricket team. He made his Twenty20 debut for Saurashtra against Maharashtra in the Syed Mushtaq Ali Trophy in India on 31 March 2014. In July 2018, he was part of Uganda's squad in the Eastern sub region group for the 2018–19 ICC World Twenty20 Africa Qualifier tournament, he was the leading run-scorer for Uganda against Kenya, making 88 not out. In the same match, he made an unbeaten partnership of 167 runs for the fourth wicket, with Riazat Ali Shah. In the final match of the Eastern sub region group against Kenya, Nakrani scored 102 not out, was named the man of the match, he finished as the leading run-scorer in the qualifying group, with 320 runs in six matches. In September 2018, he was named in Uganda's squad for the 2018 Africa T20 Cup, he was the leading run-scorer for Uganda in the tournament. The following month, he was named in Uganda's squad for the 2018 ICC World Cricket League Division Three tournament in Oman. Ahead of the tournament, he was named as the player to watch in Uganda's squad.
In May 2019, he was named in Uganda's squad for the Regional Finals of the 2018–19 ICC T20 World Cup Africa Qualifier tournament in Uganda. He made his Twenty20 International debut for Uganda against Botswana on 20 May 2019. In July 2019, he was one of twenty-five players named in the Ugandan traning squad, ahead of the Cricket World Cup Challenge League fixtures in Oman. In November 2019, he was named in Uganda's squad for the Cricket World Cup Challenge League B tournament in Oman, he made his List A debut, for Uganda against Jersey, on 2 December 2019. Dinesh Nakrani at ESPNcricinfo
Night of the Zombies, is a 1981 American Zombie Horror war film directed by Joel M. Reed; the film was produced by Lorin E. Price; the film was distributed on VHS by InterGlobal Video Promotions Ltd. During World War II, a United States Army chemical warfare battalion was rumored to have done battle against a Nazi Schutzstaffel unit somewhere in the Bavarian Alps; the two missing in action units were never heard from again. After thirty years, investigators searching for the soldiers' missing bodies look into rumors of soldiers that have turned into zombies; when several of the investigators are found dead, the Central Intelligence Agency sends Special Agent Nick Monroe in search of deserters from the missing Chemical Warfare unit. A top-secret nerve gas is discovered that has kept a battalion of flesh-eating World War II soldiers alive for decades; the nerve gas is known by the name Gamma 693, was created to keep wounded soldiers alive, until they could be taken to a medical unit. Special Agent Nick Monroe uncovers a plot for world domination.
Many scenes shot for the film were filmed in the home, on the property of porn director Shaun Costello. The German city locations were filmed in Munich, West Germany. Other shots were filmed in New York. Filming for this film was done despite production problems relating to budget, permit authorization; this low-budget, much-released horror film first saw the light as Gamma 693 in 1979, was resuscitated as Night of the Wehrmacht Zombies in 1981, rose again in 1983 as Night of the Zombies. The film was released under the titles, Die Nacht Der Zombies, Sister of Death, Zombie War Games, The Chilling; the film was released in theaters on June 1, 1981. The film was released on VHS tape in Toronto, Canada by InterGlobal Video Promotions Ltd. John Kenneth Muir, author of Horror Films of the 1980s, says that Night of the Zombies is the most blatant rip-off of George A. Romero's Dawn of the Dead. Rip-offs can be fun if one enjoys the zombie milieu. However, Night of the Zombies is noticeably not fun because the film runs too long, does so with the oppressive inclusion of stock footage.
Night of the Zombies adds little, original to the zombie film cycle, and, the film's biggest drawback. Zombie Movies: The Ultimate Guide by Glenn Kay, Chicago Review Press Horror Films of the 1980s by John Kenneth Muir, McFarland Book of the Dead: The Complete History of Zombie Cinema by Jamie Russell, FAB Blood Sucking Freak: The Life and Films of the Incredible Joel M. Reed by John Szpunar, Headpress List of zombie Nazi films Night of the Zombies on IMDb
Chris Calhoun, 1934 is a Korean War veteran, born in Opa-locka, Florida Calhoun was committed to a Florida State Hospital, located in Gadsden County in 1956 following a suicide attempt. He suffered from, he was released in 1962 after he spurred an investigation leading to state mental health care reforms. While at Chattahoochee, Calhoun described the conditions inside the hospital as a hellish prison atmosphere through letters he wrote that were passed outside the hospital walls via visitors and friendly staff, he wrote of events along the lines of how he had been raped by other patients, how staffers encouraged patients to fight with one another and had subdued them by choking, how at least seven patients had died while he was there. Some of the patients died from the choking sessions; the abuse was exposed by The Tampa Tribune. Governor Farris Bryant ordered an investigation. Calhoun moved to Los Angeles after his release, he was inspired to tell the world his experiences. He did maintenance work for a theater chain in hopes that he would be able to meet members of the film industry who could assist him in his movie and book goals.
He came to meet screenwriter James Hicks. It was turned down by several major studios before being accepted by Hemdale Film Corporation, a small British-owned, Los Angeles-based company that produced Platoon, The Last Emperor, Salvador; the movie based on Chris Calhoun, entitled Chattahoochee, stars Dennis Hopper and Gary Oldman, who plays Emmitt Foley, a fictional character based on Calhoun. It appeared in theaters nationwide in 1990. Chris Calhoun continues to provide a voice for mental patients through various channels, he voices the need for hospitals to better care for the mentally ill. Http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~chattahoochee/chriscalhoun.html http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~chattahoochee/ James Ponti, Journey Out Of Madness Chris Calhoun Thought Nothing Could Be More Horrible Than War Was. In 1956, The Decorated Soldier Found Himself At Florida State Hospital In Chattahoochee, May 27, 1990. Beth Duff Sanders, Mentally ill Criticize Film`s Violence, May 2, 1990
Duncannon Fort is a star fort and National Monument located in County Wexford, Ireland. Duncannon Fort is located in a strategic position on a peninsula in the eastern part of Waterford Harbour, giving access to Ireland's Three Sisters: the River Barrow, River Nore and River Suir. A fort was built on this site by Normans in the 12th century, there may have been an earlier earthen fort built by Gaelic Irish; the present star fort was built in 1587–88 by Queen Elizabeth I to defend Waterford from possible invasion by the Spanish Armada. Duncannon Fort saw major military action during the Irish Confederate Wars. Commanded by the Royalist governor Laurence Esmonde, 1st Baron Esmonde, it was besieged and captured by Irish Catholic Confederation forces under Thomas Preston, 1st Viscount Tara in January–March 1645, the first time that mortars were used in Ireland. Oliver Cromwell failed to retake Duncannon in 1649, but it surrendered in 1650 after a blockade led by Henry Ireton. In 1690 it hosted two kings: King James II sailed from Duncannon to Kinsale on 3 July, thence to France, while King William III stayed at the Fort in September 1690 when bad weather delayed his return to England.
The site where James' boat departed bears the name "King James' Hole." A lighthouse remains in use. The fort at Duncannon was one of the few places in County Wexford that did not fall under United Irishmen control during the 1798 Rebellion. A force sent out from the fort to defend Wexford town was defeated at the Battle of Three Rocks. Duncannon continued to be used as a fort by the British Army, being handed over to the Irish National Army only to burn down in 1922 during the Irish Civil War, it was used by the FCÁ for summer camps before being given to Wexford County Council in 1993 and opening as a museum. Duncannon Fort is a star fort. Along the sides were guns facing downriver. On the west end were artillery batteries facing across the entire inlet; the landward defences had an angled redan projecting from the centre of the front, a deep ditch and a medieval wall. Primitive caponiers protect the ditch, each counterscarp gallery had a sally port so that the garrison could enter the ditch without being seen.
A nearby hill, Windmill Hill, would offer a perfect site to bombard the fort. Recognising this, the English raised the east wall in 1606 to guard against this
The 1981–82 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland was a series of matches played by the Australia national rugby union team. The touring team played twenty-three matches between October 1981 and January 1982, winning sixteen games, drawing one and losing six; the scheduled final game, against the Barbarians, was cancelled due to heavy snow. The team were successful in only one, against Ireland; the Wallabies subsequently lost to Wales and England. Although they scored more tries than their opponents in each of the four internationals, the home teams' goal-kicking proved more reliable in every case. Outside the international programme, the Wallabies won only once in their opening four matches, they lost to the English Midlands Division in the opening match, were held to a draw by the English Northern Division in the third match and lost to Bridgend in the fourth match. They beat Wales B by a single point in the next game; the sixth game brought a much better performance with a 37–6 win over Pontypool.
Their form improved somewhat after that and they lost only one of the remaining thirteen non-international matches, to Munster in Cork. The tour experience would prove invaluable however for a number of brilliantly talented young players who in 1984 would lead the Wallabies to a Grand Slam tour victory; the Ella brothers, Steve Williams, Simon Poidevin, Andrew Slack, Brendan Moon, Michael Hawker and Roger Gould all in this 1981–82 tour gave a preview of great days ahead and of Australia's eventual coming of age as a world-class rugby nation. The tour manager was former Wallaby captain, he was at the time Chairman of the New South Wales Rugby Union and President of Australian Rugby Union. He had stepped down after fifteen years in local government public office including three years as the 75th Lord Mayor of Sydney; the coach was Bob Templeton. Tour captain was Tony Shaw, the first Queenslander since Bill McLean in 1947–48 to captain Australia in the UK. Shaw would marry McLean's daughter and made the 81–82 tour alongside Bill's son Peter and nephew Paul.
Mark Loane would captain the side in the Test against England when Shaw was dropped from the team following the Scottish Test. Shaw had retaliated recklessly to niggling from Scots player Bill Cuthbertson with a king-hit right in front of the referee. Shaw was to pay dearly for this; the tour was dogged by appalling weather: cold and snow. The Australian players brought up on firm, fast playing surfaces were shackled in ankle-deep mud. After a training mishap hooker Bruce Malouf returned home with a broken leg without having played a match. Veteran half-back John Hipwell missed many games through persistent injuries. So much had been expected of the Wallaby side and following the tour many reasons were offered up to explain the disappointing result of one international won from the four played, it was said. Regardless of the reasons some bad luck was evident in the cancellation of the Barbarian clash due to heavy snow caused by the 1981-82 United Kingdom cold wave and symptomatic of much ill-luck on the tour.
The journalist David Lord, who travelled with the squad, wrote venomously of a Queensland-New South Wales player rift in the team which if half-true must have affected team morale. Scores and results list Australia's points tally first. Australia's victory was based on a magnificent defensive display. Ireland's front five won more ball than Australia but Australia's tackling and speed to the loose ball proved decisive. Paul McLean opened the scoring with an 11th-minute penalty goal and Roger Gould doubled the lead soon after with a dropped goal. McLean extended the lead to 9–0 with a further penalty before Tony Ward's penalty goal put Ireland on the board. Just before half-time McLean's third penalty put Australia 12–3 ahead. Ward cut the lead to 12–6 with a second penalty but O'Connor scored the only try of the game to make it 16–6 to Australia. Ward reduced their lead again with two more penalties but Australia hung on to win 16–12. AUSTRALIA: Roger Gould, Michael O'Connor, Andrew Slack, Michael Hawker, Brendan Moon, Paul McLean, John Hipwell, John Meadows, Chris Carberry, Tony D'Arcy, Tony Shaw, Peter McLean, Simon Poidevin, Greg Cornelsen, Mark Loane.
IRELAND: Hugo MacNeill, Trevor Ringland, David Irwin, Paul Dean, Terry Kennedy, Tony Ward, Robbie McGrath, Phil Orr, John Cantrell, Mick Fitzpatrick, Brendan Foley, Donal Lenihan, John O'Driscoll, Fergus Slattery, Willie Duggan Australia scored two tries to Wales's one but were beaten by a powerful performance by the Welsh pack, in which new cap Moriarty was outstanding. Goal-kicking was a significant difference between the two teams, with Paul McLean missing four of his six kicks at goal. Gwyn Evans opened the scoring with a penalty goal for Wales with Paul McLean equalising in kind soon after. Slack scored a try after Holmes had been bundled off the ball after incorrectly calling for a mark, although McLean failed to convert. Evans scored a second penalty to make. In the second half, Mitchell Cox scored a try in the corner with McLean converting to make it 13–6. Wales replied immediately with a try from Moriarty after a 30-metre run from Rees and Evans' conversion made the score 13–12. Davies, captaining Wales for the first time, dropped a goal to put Wales ahead 15–13 before Evans' third penalty goal made the final score 18–13.
AUSTRALIA: Roger Gould, Mitchell Cox, Andrew Sla