In baseball, a stolen base occurs when a runner advances to a base to which he is not entitled and the official scorer rules that the advance should be credited to the action of the runner. The umpires determine whether the runner is safe or out at the next base, but the official scorer rules on the question of credit or blame for the advance under Rule 10. A stolen base most occurs when a base runner advances to the next base while the pitcher is pitching the ball to home plate. Successful base stealers have good baserunning instincts and timing. Ned Cuthbert, playing for the Philadelphia Keystones in either 1863 or 1865, was the first player to steal a base in a baseball game, although the term stolen base was not used until 1870. For a time in the 19th century, stolen bases were credited when a baserunner reached an extra base on a base hit from another player. For example, if a runner on first base reached third base on a single, it counted as a steal. In 1887, Hugh Nicol set a still-standing Major League record with 138 stolen bases, many of which would not have counted under modern rules.
Modern steal rules were implemented in 1898. Base stealing was popular in the game's early decades, with speedsters such as Ty Cobb and Clyde Milan stealing nearly 100 bases in a season, but the tactic fell into relative disuse after Babe Ruth introduced the era of the home run – in 1955, for example, no one in baseball stole more than 25 bases, Dom DiMaggio won the AL stolen base title in 1950 with just 15. However, in the late 1950s and early 1960s, base-stealing was brought back to prominence by Luis Aparicio and Maury Wills, who broke Cobb's modern single-season record by stealing 104 bases in 1962. Wills' record was broken in turn by Lou Brock in 1974, Rickey Henderson in 1982; the stolen base remained a popular tactic through the 1980s best exemplified by Vince Coleman and the St. Louis Cardinals, but began to decline again in the 1990s as the frequency of home runs reached record heights and the steal-friendly artificial turf ballparks began to disappear. Base stealing is an important characteristic of the "small ball" managing style.
Such managers emphasize "doing the little things" to advance runners and score runs relying on pitching and defense to keep games close. The Los Angeles Dodgers of the 1960s, led by pitcher Sandy Koufax and speedy shortstop Maury Wills, were a successful example of this style; the antithesis of this is reliance on power hitting, exemplified by the Baltimore Orioles of the 1970s, which aspired to score most of its runs via home runs. The "small ball" model is associated with the National League, while power hitting is associated with the American League. However, some successful recent American League teams, including the 2002 Anaheim Angels, the 2001 Seattle Mariners and the 2005 Chicago White Sox have excelled at "small ball." The Kansas City Royals have embodied this style leading the league in stolen bases but finishing last in home runs in 2013 and 2014. Successful teams combine both styles, with speedy runners complementing power hitters—such as the 2005 White Sox, who hit 200 home runs, fifth most in the majors, had 137 stolen bases, fourth.
Baseball's Rule 8 specifies the pitching procedure in detail. For example, in the Set Position, the pitcher must "com to a complete stop". A runner intending to "steal on the pitcher" breaks for the next base the moment the pitcher commits to pitch to home plate; the pitcher can not try to put the runner out. If the runner breaks too soon, the pitcher may throw to a base rather than pitch, the runner is picked off by being tagged out between the bases. Past this moment, any delay in the runner's break makes it more that the catcher, after receiving the pitch, will be able to throw the runner out at the destination base. Before the pitch, the runner takes a lead-off, walking several steps away from the base as a head start toward the next base. A runner who does not intend to steal takes a secondary lead of a few more steps, once the pitcher has committed to complete the pitch; the pitcher may, without limit, throw the ball to the runner's base. The runner must return to that risk being tagged out.
The more adept base stealers are proficient at reading the pickoff, meaning that they can detect certain tells in a pitcher's pre-pitch movements or mannerisms that indicate the pickoff attempt is or is not imminent. For example, one experienced base stealer noted that careless pitchers dig the toes on their back foot into the ground when they are about to pitch in order to get a better push off, but when they intend to turn and throw a pickoff, they do not. If a batted ball is caught on the fly, the runner must return to his original base. In this case, a runner trying to steal is more to be caught off his original base, resulting in a double play; this is a minor risk of a steal attempt. It is offset by the fact. In the hit-and-run play, coaches coordinate the actions of batter; the runner tries to steal and the batter swings at any pitch, if only to distract the catcher. If the batter makes contact, the runner has a greater chance of reaching the next base.
A center fielder, abbreviated CF, is the outfielder in baseball who plays defense in center field – the baseball and softball fielding position between left field and right field. In the numbering system used to record defensive plays, the center fielder is assigned the number 8. Outfielders must cover large distances, so speed and quickness to react to the ball are key, they must be able to catch fly balls on the run. They must be able to throw the ball over a long distance to be effective; as well as the requirements above, the center fielder must be the outfielder who has the best combination of speed and throwing distance. The center fielder "covers more'grass' than any other player" and, most will catch the most fly balls; the position has the greatest responsibility among the three outfielders for coordinating their play to prevent collisions when converging on a fly ball, on plays where the center fielder doesn't make the catch, he must position himself behind the corner outfielder as backup.
The center outfielder is the captain of the outfield and has the authority to call off the corner fielders when he has a better chance to catch the ball. Aside from requiring more speed and range, the center field position is easier to field because balls tend to fly on a straight path, rather than curving as they do for the other outfield positions. A center fielder's vision and depth perception must be above average; because the position requires a good arm and fast legs, center field is where the team puts its best all-around athletes. Many center fielders are renowned as excellent batters and base runners; when a base runner is trying to steal second base the center fielder must back up second base on throws from the catcher to second base in case the second baseman misses the catch or it is a bad throw. Baseball Hall of Fame Outfield Baseball positions
World Series ring
A World Series ring is an award given to Major League Baseball players who win the World Series. Since only one Commissioner's Trophy is awarded to the team, a World Series ring is an individual award that players and staff of each World Series champion team get to keep for themselves to symbolize the victory. World Series rings are uniquely commissioned by the winning team each year and presented to deserving players and staff early in the next season; the rings have been made by companies that include Tiffany & Co.. Dieges & Clust, L. G. Balfour Company; the first World Series ring was given to members of the New York Giants after winning the 1922 World Series. By the 1930s, each winning team gave their players a ring. Though the ring started off simple containing only one diamond, rings over time have become more elaborate and ornate, with the 2003 World Series ring containing over 200 diamonds. In addition to their inherent value, World Series rings carry additional value as sports memorabilia.
A World Series ring belonging to Casey Stengel sold for $180,000. Lenny Dykstra's 1986 World Series ring sold for over $56,000 during his bankruptcy proceedings. Other rings sold in auctions have sold for over $10,000 apiece. Replica rings given to fans have sold for as much as $300. Prior to the 1922 World Series, players on the World Series-winning team were given keepsakes, such as a pin or pocketwatch fob; the first World Series ring was given to the members of the New York Giants following their victory in the 1922 World Series over the New York Yankees. When the Yankees won the 1923 World Series, players were given a commemorative pocketwatch; the Yankees first gave rings to their players following the 1927 World Series. Rings became an annual tradition in the 1930s, as every World Series-winning team has given rings to its players since 1932. In past years, players requested other items in place of rings, including cufflinks and tie clips. Frankie Crosetti and Tommy Henrich requested shotguns from the Yankees following World Series championships.
Grover Cleveland Alexander pawned his 1926 World Series ring. Members of the 1973 World Series champion Oakland Athletics were upset when team owner Charlie O. Finley, following salary disputes with his players, presented his team with rings that were identical to the ones received after winning the 1972 World Series, except without the one-carat diamond. Reggie Jackson referred to them as "trash rings"; the first ring to contain more than one diamond was the 1977 World Series ring commissioned by the Yankees, which had over a dozen diamonds. Over time, ring designs have become larger and more elaborate, with Yogi Berra saying in 2009, "They're so much bigger now, they're like weapons. You can't wear them." Whereas older rings were 10 carat and between 20 and 25 pennyweight, modern rings are 14 carat and 50 pennyweight. The rings commissioned by the Florida Marlins after the 2003 World Series are believed to be among the most expensive World Series rings made; the rings cost $20,000 apiece due to the quantity of the purchase, though they retailed at $40,000 each.
After breaking their long championship drought in 2016, the Chicago Cubs commissioned rings said to be worth up to $70,000, consisting of 214 diamonds at 5.5 carats, 3 carats of rubies, 2.5 carats of sapphires. Teams have increasingly added distinctive touches to make their rings unique from previous versions. For their 2007 World Series rings, the Boston Red Sox commissioned a special version for players who were on both the 2004 and 2007 championship teams, for 2013, they included the Boston Strong logo on the side; the St. Louis Cardinals had the Rally Squirrel engraved into their 2011 World Series championship rings. For their 2014 World Series rings, the San Francisco Giants included three diamonds on the top bezel and five on the bottom, representing their three titles in five years, eight championships overall; the 2016 World Series rings for the Chicago Cubs each contain 108 diamonds around the bezel, one for each year that the team went without a championship, include an image of a goat on the inner band.
Companies that have been commissioned to create World Series rings include Tiffany & Co.. Dieges & Clust, the L. G. Balfour Company. Players receive their rings in pregame ceremonies early in the next season. Since the rings are commissioned by the team, many non-players affiliated with the team, including front office executives, scouts, locker room staff, groundskeepers receive rings at the team's discretion. After the 2004 World Series, the Red Sox ordered over 500 rings. Players who were only on the team's roster during a championship season and those no longer affiliated with the winning team often receive rings. Arthur Rhodes, Bengie Molina, Lonnie Smith played in the World Series against a team they played for earlier in the season, guaranteeing them World Series rings regardless of the series outcome; as both the physical size and number of rings given out has increased, teams have started producing both "A" and "B" versions, sometimes "C" versions, that are similar in appearance but smaller in size and use cheaper materials.
The most expensive "A" rings are reserved for full-time players and executives, while bit players and other team employees receive the cheaper "B" and "C" rings. In modern years, the importance of World Series rings to players has increased. Alex Rodriguez said his 2009 World Series ring "means the world" to him, t
Albert Dwayne Newman is a former infielder in Major League Baseball who played for the Montreal Expos, Minnesota Twins and Texas Rangers. Newman threw right-handed. Newman attended San Diego State University where he played for the renowned coach Jim Dietz, majored in Accounting and played football as a running back. In 1980, 1981, 1982, he played in the National Baseball Congress Tournament in Wichita, KS. Newman left college with two All-Conference seasons. Drafted in the third round of the 1979 Major League Baseball Draft by the California Angels, Newman turned down their offer and returned to college. In 1980, Newman was again drafted in the third round and declined contract offers, this time by the Texas Rangers. In the June secondary phase of the 1980 draft, he was selected in the second round by the New York Mets and did not sign. On June 8, 1981, Newman was drafted in the first round by the Montreal Expos, with whom he would sign his first Major League Baseball contract. Newman spent much of the next four years in the minor leagues.
Newman debuted in organized baseball with the Memphis Chicks, Montreal's AA-level team, was a South Atlantic League All-Star second baseman during the 1982 season. In 1983, Newman started the season again at Memphis before being promoted to Montreal's AAA-level team, the Wichita Aeros. On December 7, 1983, Newman was included in a large, three-team trade that saw the Expos send him to the San Diego Padres and starting pitcher Scott Sanderson to the Chicago Cubs. To round out the trade, the Padres sent Gary Lucas to the Expos while the Cubs sent Carmelo Martinez, Craig Lefferts, Fritzie Connally to the Padres. Newman started the 1984 season back at the AA level, playing for the Beaumont Golden Gators in the Texas League, before being traded back to the Expos on July 20, 1984, for starting pitcher Greg Harris. Newman spent the rest of the 1984 season and much of 1985 season with the Expos' new AAA team, the Indianapolis Indians. A second baseman, Newman played shortstop, third base and left field at some point in his career.
He made his major league debut on 14 June 1985 when he was brought in as a pinch runner and scored a run. Newman was used sparingly by the Expos, playing in 32 games in 1985 and 95 games in 1986. On July 6, 1986, Newman hit his only Major League home run, in the same game that the Braves' Bob Horner hit four home runs in one game. Newman ended his career with a staggering 4.000 slugging percentage against Smith as this home run was hit in his only at bat versus the pitcher. Prior to the beginning of the 1987 season, Newman was traded to the Minnesota Twins for career minor league pitcher Mike Shade. Upon first arriving in Minnesota and seeing Kirby Puckett take batting practice, Newman was quoted as saying, "He's the eighth wonder of the world!" Newman saw much more playing time with the Twins, proving to be a valuable utility player and pinch runner, but had trouble hitting for average in 1987, including a 0–31 hitless streak. Newman was a member of two World Series teams in 1987 and 1991 and had 2 hits, including a triple, 1 walk and 1 RBI in 8 World Series plate appearances.
His most productive season came in 1989 with the Twins, when he posted career-highs in stolen bases, doubles, runs batted in, runs and batting average. During the 1989 season, Newman was interviewed along with teammate Gary Gaetti about playing the "hot corner" for the Minnesota Twins. Newman recounted an experience playing the position when future Hall of Famer Dave Winfield came to the plate, "Dave Winfield hit one right at me last year. I had no chance to move. I looked and the ball was in my glove. I made like I knew what I was doing." In 1990, Al Newman was a part of setting a major league record as the Twins turned two triple plays in one game against the Boston Red Sox, making the final throw in both. During the 1990 season and future Hall of Famer, Kirby Puckett, was moved around the field from his normal centerfield position to play right field, third base and second base in a single game. Newman jokingly remarked to the press following the game, "I'm glad Puck's one of us utility guys now.
Maybe he'll raise the salary structure a little."Only weeks after the 1991 World Series victory, Newman was granted free agency by the Twins and was not re-signed. After weighing his options, Newman signed with the Cincinnati Reds on February 2, 1992 but was released on April 1 during the final roster cutdowns. However, Newman was signed just two days by the Texas Rangers in what would turn out to be his final major league season. In 246 at-bats in 1992, Newman amassed 54 hits, 25 runs, 9 stolen bases, 34 walks. In an eight-season career, Newman was a. 226 hitter with 156 RBI in 854 games. As his career hitting statistics would indicate, Newman did not excel at the plate and displayed little power. Newman finished with the third-most career at-bats of any player with only one home run since World War II. In 1992, to commemorate the Twins' World Series victory of the previous year, the team issued a set of playing cards on which Newman was featured on the "3 of Clubs". Following his playing career, Newman managed the Twins AA team, the New Britain Rock Cats of the Eastern League for the 1996 and 1997 seasons.
In 1996, his team finished last at 61–81, but showed improvement in 1997, posting a 70–72 record and finishing third to last. In the 1997 Arizona Fall League, Newman managed the Sun City Solar Sox finishing second in their division with a 22–23 record. In 1998, he was the bench coach for the the Salt Lake City Buzz. From 1999 to 2001, Newman was the manager of
1993 Major League Baseball season
The 1993 Major League Baseball season was the final season of two-division play in each league, before the Central Division was added the following season, giving both the NL and AL three divisions each. Sixteen years after the American League expanded from 12 to 14 teams, the National League followed suit, with the Colorado Rockies and the Florida Marlins joining the NL, it was the first season since 1976 that both leagues had the same number of teams. The Toronto Blue Jays capped off the season by winning their second consecutive World Series title, beating the Philadelphia Phillies in six games; the World Series was clinched when, in one of the most famous moments in baseball, Joe Carter hit a three-run walk off home run in the 9th to seal the victory at home. Baseball Hall of Fame Reggie Jackson World Series: Toronto Blue Jays over Philadelphia Phillies. Oct 3 – George Brett plays his final game in his career, against the Texas Rangers, he ended his career by singling in his final at-bat.
1993 Major League Baseball season schedule at Baseball Reference
Greg Gagne (baseball)
Gregory Carpenter Gagne is a former shortstop in Major League Baseball. He played 10 seasons for the Minnesota Twins from 1983 to 1992, including both of the Twins' World Series championship teams in 1987 and 1991, he was considered one of the American League's best defensive shortstops during his time with Minnesota. Greg Gagne was drafted by the New York Yankees in the fifth round of the 1979 Major League Baseball Draft and spent the next three seasons in the Yankees' minor league system before being traded to the Twins on April 10, 1982 along with starting pitcher Paul Boris and reliever Ron Davis for the Twins starting shortstop, Roy Smalley. Gagne would spend all of 1982 and all but 12 games of the 1983 and 1984 seasons in the minors before earning the starting shortstop job in 1985. Gagne would become a fixture of the Twins' infield for the next eight seasons. On October 4, 1986 during a Twins' home game at the Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome, Gagne tied a modern-era major league record by hitting two inside-the-park home runs against the Chicago White Sox.
Only 18 players in major league history have performed this feat, with Gagne being only the second since 1930. Both home runs were hit off Chicago starting pitcher Floyd Bannister, who tied a modern-era major league record by allowing the most inside-the-park home runs in a game; the Twins went on to win the game, 7-3. Gagne was a fixture of the Twins drive to their second World Series appearance, first World Series title, following the 1987 season. During the Twins march to their second World Series crown in four years, Gagne hit a game-winning, three-run homer in Game One of the 1991 World Series off Atlanta's Charlie Leibrandt. Gagne would hit only.213 during the Twins two post-season drives. Despite this low batting average, Gagne would slug five doubles and 4 home runs, along with knocking in 10 runs and scoring 12 times, to maximize those 18 hits. Gagne left the Twins. Gagne signed with the Kansas City Royals, agreeing to a 3-year, $10.6 million contract. Following three years with the Royals in which he put up similar numbers as he did with the Twins, he again entered free agency and signed a contract to play for the Los Angeles Dodgers for the 1996 and 1997 seasons.
Gagne retired from baseball following the end of the 1997 season. During his tenure with the Twins, Gagne lived in Minnesota, he lives in Somerset, Massachusetts and is the former head baseball coach at Bishop Feehan High School. Gagne continues to be revered by Twins fans, he was a guest at the Metrodome farewell ceremony. During that day's game he sat in the broadcast booth with commentators Dick Bremer and Bert Blyleven for a half inning to share his memories of the Dome and time as a Twin. On February 8, 2010, Gagne was elected to the Twins Hall of Fame and was inducted at Target Field on September 4, 2010. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or ESPN, or Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference
This is the baseball player. For the computer scientist see Randy Bush Robert Randall Bush, is a former professional baseball player and a front office member of the Chicago Cubs. With the hiring of Theo Epstein, Bush will continue as an assistant General Manager, will be involved in the hiring process of the field and scouting staff. Bush played for the Minnesota Twins from 1982 to 1993, he played outfield and designated hitter throughout his 12-year major league career. He played in 1,219 games with 96 home runs, 409 RBIs, a career batting average of.251. He wore the number 25 while playing for the Twins. Bush is a long-time resident of the New Orleans area. After playing baseball at the University of New Orleans, Bush was selected in the 2nd round of the 1979 Major League Baseball Draft by the Minnesota Twins and spent the next three seasons in the minor leagues before making his major league debut in 1982. Although used as the Twins' designated hitter his first three seasons, Bush saw most of his action in right and left field, but saw time at first base and one game in center field.
However it was that his chief role with the Twins was as a pinch hitter as he twice had 13 pinch hits in a season - leading the American League in that category in 1991 and finishing third in 1986 and 1992. In 1991, Bush tied an American League record with a pinch-hit in seven consecutive games. After resigning him in 1988, 1990, 1993 as a free agent, Bush was given his unconditional release from the Twins on 27 June 1993. Bush was one of seven Twins to be part of both 1991 World Series teams; the other six were Dan Gladden, Greg Gagne, Kirby Puckett, Al Newman, Gene Larkin, Kent Hrbek. Bush was head coach of the University of New Orleans baseball team from 2000 through 2005. In January 2005, he was named the Special Assistant to the General Manager of the Chicago Cubs, during which time he served as an advance scout for the team charting other major league teams and players as well as the Cubs' own minor league system. In December 2006, he was promoted to the position of assistant general manager of the Cubs.
On August 19, 2011, Bush was named the interim General Manager of the Chicago Cubs replacing Jim Hendry. Bush was retained by new President of Baseball Operations Theo Epstein when he was hired, continued in an assistant GM role. On October 4, 2012, it was announced that Cubs will have two assistant general managers with the promotion of Shiraz Rehman, with Bush continuing to in the same role, he has two sons and Ryan. List of Major League Baseball players who spent their entire career with one franchise Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Fangraphs, or The Baseball Cube, or Baseball-Reference