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Danakil Desert

The Danakil Desert is a desert in northeast Ethiopia, southern Eritrea, northwestern Djibouti. Situated in the Afar Triangle, it stretches across 136,956 square kilometres of arid terrain; the area is known for its volcanoes and extreme heat, with daytime temperatures surpassing 50 °C. Less than an inch of rainfall occurs each year; the Danakil Desert is one of the hottest places on Earth. It is inhabited by a few Afar. Local geology is characterized by volcanic and tectonic activity, various climate cycles, discontinuous erosion; the basic geological structure of this area was caused by the movement of tectonic plates as Africa moved away from Asia. Mountain chains were eroded again during the Paleozoic. Inundations by the sea caused the formation of layers of sandstone, limestone was deposited further offshore; as the land rose again, further sandstone formed above the limestone. Further tectonic shifts caused lava to cover the sedimentary deposits; the Danakil Desert has a number of lakes formed by lava flows.

Among these is Lake Afrera, which has thick saline crusts on its banks. Other areas of the Danikil became sinks, dry endorheic basins as precipitation evaporates faster than it can collect in permanent lakes; the area is flanked toward the east by the Danakil Alps, a tabular mountain system that has a few volcanic cones which peak in height in Mount Ramlo. A deposit of salt up to 800 metres thick can be found in the Salt Plain flatlands. Other local lakes include Lake Asale and Lake Giuletti/Afrera, both of which possess cryptodepressions in the Danakil Depression; the Afrera contains many active volcanoes, including the Maraho, Dabbahu and Erta Ale. The Afar people mine salt, loading each of their camels with up to thirty salt bricks weighing four kilograms each, it will take two days to get to the nearest town, with guards watching the camels and guarding them from bandits. Danakil Alps Eritrean coastal desert Guban desert

International Polar Year

The International Polar Years are collaborative, international efforts with intensive research foci on the polar regions. Karl Weyprecht, an Austro-Hungarian naval officer, motivated the endeavor in 1875, but died before it first occurred in 1882–1883. Fifty years a second IPY took place; the International Geophysical Year was inspired by the IPY and was organized 75 years after the first IPY. The fourth, most recent, IPY covered two full annual cycles from March 2007 to March 2009; the First International Polar Year was proposed by an Austro-Hungarian naval officer, Karl Weyprecht, in 1875 and organized by Georg Neumayer, director of the German Maritime Observatory. Rather than settling for traditional individual and national efforts, they pushed for a coordinated scientific approach to researching Arctic phenomena. Observers made coordinated geophysical measurements at multiple locations in the Arctic during the same year enabling multiple views of same phenomena, allowing broader interpretation of the available data and a validation of the results obtained.

It took seven years to organize the first IPY which had twelve participating nations: the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom and United States. The aforementioned countries operated 12 stations in two in the sub-Antarctic. Six additional meteorological stations were organized by Neumayer at Moravian mission stations on the east coast of Labrador. Observations focused on meteorology, auroral phenomena, ocean currents, tides and the motion of ice and atmospheric electricity. More than 40 meteorological observatories around the world expanded the IPY programs of observations for this period. Data and images from the first IPY have recently been made available for browsing and downloading on the internet; these records of the first IPY offer a rare glimpse of the circumpolar Arctic environment as it existed in the past and hold the potential to improve our understanding of historical climate variability and environmental change in the Arctic. The International Meteorological Organization, the predecessor of the World Meteorological Organization and promoted the second IPY.

Shortly after World War I, mysterious behavior in telegraph and electric power and telephone lines convinced engineers and scientists of the fact that the electrical geophysics of the Earth needed more study. The availability of airplanes, motorized sea and land transport and new instruments like radiosondes enabled these phenomena to be investigated. At an international conference of directors of meteorological services in Copenhagen in 1928 it was decided to undertake another intensive and coordinated international research effort focused on the polar regions during 1932–1933, the 50th anniversary of the First International Polar Year, it was proposed to explicitly include in the plan for the second IPY the goal to investigate how observations in the polar regions could improve the accuracy of weather forecasts and the safety of air and sea transport. Forty-four countries participated in the second IPY, which heralded advances in meteorology, atmospheric science, in the “mapping” of ionospheric phenomena that advanced radio science and technology.

27 observation stations were established in the Arctic, a vast amount of data was collected and a world data center was created under the organization that came to be called the World Meteorological Organization. Due to the global financial crisis at the time, the plan of erecting a network of stations in Antarctica had to be abandoned. A great amount of data generated in this year was lost due to Second World War. See International Geophysical Year The fourth IPY was sponsored by the International Council for Science and the World Meteorological Organization; the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, an interdisciplinary body of ICSU assumed responsibility for coordinating all IPY-related Antarctic research, the International Arctic Science Committee, an ICSU affiliate body and helped to plan the Arctic-focused IPY research. Initial planning for the fourth IPY began in 2003 under an International Planning Group, the organization and implementation of the main phase of this IPY took place in 2005–2009 with leadership from the newly established ICSU-WMO Joint Committee, its subcommittees and the International Programme Office.

The fourth IPY comprised an intense, coordinated field campaign of observations and analysis. It was the largest, most comprehensive campaign mounted to explore the Earth's polar regions. An estimated 50,000 researchers, local observers, educators and support personnel from more than 60 countries were involved in the 228 international IPY projects and related national efforts; the IPY included intensive research and observation periods in the Arctic and Antarctic over a three-year timespan, which started 1 March 2007 and was formally concluded 12 June 2010 at the IPY Oslo Science Conference. However, many activities continued beyond that date; the IPY Science Program covered eleven areas: Polar atmosphere, Arctic ocean, Southern Ocean, Greenland ice sheet and Arctic glaciers, Antarctic ice sheets, Sub-glacial aquatic environments, Earth structure and geodynamics at the poles, Polar terrestrial ecology and biodiversity, Polar societies and social processes an

Georg I, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen

Georg I Frederick Karl, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, was Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1782 to 1803. He was considered a model prince by many of his peers. Georg was born on 4 February 1761 at Frankfurt as the fourth but second surviving son of Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal, his father was 73 years old at the time and died two years in 1763. Georg succeeded his older and childless brother, Karl Wilhelm in the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen in 1782, he ruled based on the principles of "enlightened absolutism" emphasizing in particular the importance of education. He initiated the building of the Gymnasium named Bernhardinum after his son. Georg I opened the ducal library to the public, reformed the church practices in his princedom and initiated new social policies. Under a nom-de-plume he published philosophical treatises; as a result, many of his fellow princes considered him a model ruler and his duchy as the German state where enlightened absolutism reached its apogee.

In Langenburg on 27 November 1782, Georg married Luise Eleonore of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. After ten years they began to have children having four: Adelaide Luise Therese Karoline Amalie, married on 11 July 1818 to the Duke of Clarence King William IV of the United Kingdom. Ida, married on 30 May 1816 to Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. Stillborn daughter. Bernhard II Erich Freund, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen. Georg I died of a fever on 24 December 1803 at Meiningen. Schloss and park Altenstein Andrea Jakob, Meininger Museen: Herzog Georg I. von Sachsen-Meiningen - Ein Präzedenzfall für den aufgeklärten Absolutismus 2005, Südthüringer Forschungen Heft 33, ISBN 3-910114-06-7

Long Lane, Missouri

Long Lane is an unincorporated community in Dallas County, United States. It is located on Route 32, eleven miles east of Buffalo. Long Lane is part of Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area. Long Lane was founded in 1845; the community was named for the long road leading to the original town site. A post office called Long Lane has been in operation since 1850; the town consists of the Long Lane Volunteer Fire Department, post office, The Long Lane Lions Club and Community Center, Ed Caselman's garage, Ozark Precision. Long Lane students attend Mallory Elementary in Buffalo up to fourth grade and proceed to the Buffalo Prairie Middle School; the Middle School goes up to eighth grade and students attend Buffalo High School. These schools are part of the Dallas County R-1 school district

Zeev Aram

Zeev Aram, OBE is a British furniture and interior designer. He is the founder and Chairman of Aram Designs Ltd, a modern furniture store in London's Covent Garden serving both the retail and contract market, he is responsible for introducing to the London market designers such as Marcel Breuer, the Castiglioni brothers, Mies van der Rohe, Le Corbusier. Aram was born in Romania. In 1940 with the outbreak of World War II, the family emigrated to Mandatory Palestine, where Aram grew up, he had a career as an officer in the Israeli Navy but decided to become an architect. However, the Haifa Polytechnic architecture course had a two-year waiting list, in 1957 he went to London instead. After completing his course in furniture and interior design the Central School of Art and Design, he joined the architectural office of Ernő Goldfinger, he worked in Goldfinger's practice for a year and went on to work for Basil Spence and for Andrew Renton. Aram established Aram Designs Ltd. at 57 Kings Road, Chelsea in 1964 and was the first retailer to bring the work of modernist designers such as Marcel Breuer, Mies van der Rohe, Carlo Scarpa and Le Corbusier to the UK market.

In 1973 Aram Designs moved into a larger space at 3 Kean Street, Covent Garden. That same year, Irish architect and furniture designer Eileen Gray granted Aram and Aram Designs Ltd the Worldwide licence to introduce and distribute her designs. Aram worked with Gray and played a fundamental role in introducing her designs to the world market. In 2015, Aram acted as consultant and donated furniture to the newly refurbished E-1027 House, a modernist villa in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, designed and built between 1926 and 1929 by Gray. Aram is the Director of the Aram Gallery for Experimental and New Design, a non-commercial gallery curating shows focused on experimental design. Through his series of graduate shows he introduced many new designers, such as Thomas Heatherwick and Jasper Morrison, who have gone on to become prolific figures in the design industry. Amongst Aram's own furniture designs are the Dino Storage System, the Altra Table System and the Atlantic Desk. In 2014 he was awarded an OBE for services to architecture.

Aram Designs Ltd Aram Gallery for Experimental and New Design

1993 Los Angeles Dodgers season

The 1993 Dodgers improved on the dismal 1992 season finishing fourth in the Western Division of the National League. This was in part thanks to this year's Rookie of catcher Mike Piazza. Piazza set rookie records with 35 home runs and 112 RBI, he hit two home runs on the last day of the season as the Dodgers knocked their longtime rival the Giants out of playoff contention with a 12-1 victory at Dodger Stadium. To date, this is the only season in Dodger history where the team has finished at.500 and not above or below it. November 17, 1992: Acquired Jody Reed from the Colorado Rockies for Rudy Seánez December 5, 1992: Cory Snyder was signed as a Free Agent. December 24, 1992: Acquired Tim Wallach from the Montreal Expos for Tim Barker January 12, 1993: Kevin Elster was signed as a free agent. April 20, 1993: Ken Dayley was signed as a Free Agent. May 17, 1993: Kevin Elster was released. September 7, 1993: Acquired John DeSilva from the Detroit Tigers for Eric Davis 1993 Major League Baseball All-Star Game Mike Piazza reserve Rookie of the Year Award Mike Piazza Baseball Digest Rookie All-Star Mike Piazza Pedro Martínez Silver Slugger Award Mike Piazza Orel Hershiser TSN Rookie of the Year Award Mike Piazza TSN National League All-Star Mike Piazza Player of the Week Mike Piazza Mike Piazza Mike Piazza The Dodgers selected 57 players in this draft.

Of those, seven of them would play Major League baseball. The Dodgers lost their second round pick as a result of signing free agent pitcher Todd Worrell. With the second overall pick in the draft the Dodgers selected right-handed pitcher Darren Dreifort from Wichita State University. Dreifort became one of only a select few players to make his professional debut in the Majors, without first appearing in a minor league game, he would play nine years in the Majors, though serious injuries caused him to miss two full seasons and ended his career. His record was 48-60 with a 4.36 ERA in 274 games. In the 25th round, they selected catcher Paul Lo Duca from Arizona State University. In 11 seasons, he hit.286 with 481 RBIs while being a four time All-Star. LoDuca would be mentioned in the Mitchell Report, which claimed that he had used human growth hormone throughout his career and in fact contributed to other members of the Dodgers using HGH. 1993 Los Angeles Dodgers uniform Los Angeles Dodgers official web site Baseball-Reference season page Baseball Almanac season page