In Greek mythology, Danaus was the king of Libya. His myth is a foundation legend of one of the foremost Mycenaean cities of the Peloponnesus. In Homer's Iliad, "Danaans" and "Argives" designate the Greek forces opposed to the Trojans. Danaus, was the son of King Belus of the naiad Achiroe, daughter of the river god Nilus, he was the twin brother of Aegyptus, king of Arabia while Euripides adds two others, king of Ethiopia and Phineus, betrothed of Andromeda. Danaus had the Danaides, 12 of whom were born to the naiad Polyxo. According to Hippostratus, Danaus had all these progeny begotten by the daughter of Nilus. In some accounts, Danaus married Melia while Aegyptus consorted with Isaie, these two women were daughters of their uncle Agenor, king of Tyre, their possible sister, Damno, described as the daughter of Belus. After Aegyptus commanded that his fifty sons should marry the Danaides, Danaus elected to flee instead, to that purpose, he built a ship, the first ship that was. In it, he fled to Argos, to which he was connected by his descent from Io, a priestess of Hera at Argos, wooed by Zeus and turned into a heifer and pursued by Hera until she found asylum in Egypt.
Argos at the time was ruled by King Pelasgus, the eponym of all autochthonous inhabitants who had lived in Greece since the beginning called Gelanor. The Danaides asked Pelasgus for protection when they arrived, the event portrayed in The Suppliants by Aeschylus. Protection was granted after a vote by the Argives; when Pausanias visited Argos in the 2nd century CE, he related the succession of Danaus to the throne, judged by the Argives, who "from the earliest times... have loved freedom and self-government, they limited to the utmost the authority of their kings": The sanctuary of Apollo Lykeios was still the most prominent feature of Argos in Pausanias' time: in the sanctuary the tourist might see the throne of Danaus himself, an eternal flame, called the fire of Phoronius. When Aegyptus and his fifty sons arrived to take the Danaides, Danaus gave them, to spare the Argives the pain of a battle. However, he instructed his daughters to kill their husbands on their wedding night. Forty-nine followed through, subsequently buried the heads of their bridegrooms in Lerna.
Danaus threw her to the Argive courts. Aphrodite saved her. Lynceus and Hypermnestra began a dynasty of Argive kings; some sources relate that Amymone, the "blameless" Danaid, and/or Bryce spared their husbands. Aegyptus, after the death of his sons, died there, his monument was shown in the temple of Serapis at Patrae. In some versions, Lynceus killed Danaus as revenge for the death of his brothers; the remaining forty-nine Danaides had their grooms chosen by a common mythic competition: A foot-race was held and the order in which the potential Argive grooms finished decided their brides. Two of the grooms were Archander and Architeles, sons of Achaeus: They married Scaea and Automate respectively. In accounts, the Danaides were punished in Tartarus by being forced to carry water in a jug to fill a bath without bottom and thereby wash off their sins, but the bath was never filled because the water was always leaking out. Another account of the travels of Danaus gave him three daughters, Ialysos and Lindos, who were worshipped in the cities that took their names in the island of Rhodes, Ialysos and Lindos.
According to Rhodian mythographers who informed Diodorus Siculus, Danaus would have stopped and founded a sanctuary to Athena Lindia on the way from Egypt to Greece. Herodotus heard. Ken Dowden observes that once the idea is dismissed that myth is directly narrating the movements of historical persons, that the loci of Danaian institutions at Lindos in Rhodes as well as at Argos suggests a Mycenaean colony sent to Rhodes from the Argolid, a tradition, in fact, that Strabo reports. Danaus was credited as the inventor of wells and said to have migrated from Egypt about 1485 B. C. into that part of Greece, known as Argos Dipsion. Notes in Pliny the Elder's, Natural History added that: The epic Danais was written by one of the cyclic poets, it is represented in the table of epics in the received canon on the fragmentary "Borgia table" as "Danaides". A U. S. federal judge used the version of the legend in which the Danaides are forced to perform an impossible task as a simile for the judge's task of determining whether a case "arises under" the Constitution, laws or treaties of the United States.
Pindar, Odes translated by Diane Arnson Svarlien. 1990. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Herodotus, The Histories with an English translation by A. D. Godley. Cambridge. Harvard University Press. 1920. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Diodorus Siculus, Diodorus Siculus: The Library of History. Translated by Charles Henry Oldfather. Twelve volumes. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Villa Pehuenia is a village and municipality in Neuquén Province in southwestern Argentina. The town is located on the northern shore of Aluminé Lake and its economy is based on tourism; the village is in the Andes and is located about 10 kilometres from the border with Chile via a highway through the Icalma pass. The town is named after the pehuén or monkey puzzle tree, an endangered species found here at the southernmost limit of its range; the Mapuche people moved into this region from Chile in the 18th century, absorbing the earlier indigenous people and dominating the region until the late 19th century. Logging was the industry; the village of Villa Pehuenia was not created until 1989 with a population at that time of 155 people. The population had grown to 1,611 in 2010, the increase attributable to the increase in tourism; the indigenous Puel people continue to maintain a community here. Villa Pehuenia sprawls over about 5 kilometres of the northern shore of Lake Aluminé, but is concentrated on two narrow peninsulas extending out into the lake.
Rising near the village is the Batea Mahuida volcano which reaches a maximum elevation of 1,948 metres about 8 kilometres north of the Villa Pehuenia. A small ski resort is operated on the slopes of the volcano by the Puel people. Villa Pehuenia has a warm-summer oceanic climate, Csb in the Köppen climate classification system and Crlk in the Trewartha climate classification
The Paseo del Prado is one of the main boulevards in Madrid, Spain. The Paseo del Prado is the oldest historical city street in Madrid and was declared Bien de Interés Cultural, it runs north-south between the Plaza de Cibeles and the Plaza del Emperador Carlos V, with the Plaza de Cánovas del Castillo lying in the middle. The Paseo del Prado forms the southern end of the city's central axis; this densely tree-lined and central avenue is a landmark for the city residents and the location of important cultural and tourist spots in the city, including the so-called Golden Triangle of Art, which encompasses three museums: the Prado Museum, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum, the Reina Sofia Museum. In the vicinity are located the Parque del Buen Retiro and the Casón del Buen Retiro, as well as the headquarters of the Real Academia Española, the Bolsa de Madrid, the Congreso de los Diputados; the Paseo del Prado boulevard includes several monuments and enclosures that are of historical and artistic interest, erected in the eighteenth century for the Hall of Prado urban project.
Numerous ornamental and landscaping grounds were constructed for this project. The highlights of this project include the Villanueva Building, headquarters of the Prado Museum, the Royal Botanical Gardens and the sculptural water fountains of Neptune and Apollo. A controversial project of thorough reform and revitalization of the Paseo del Prado and the Paseo de Recoletos, known as Plan Especial Recoletos-Prado and authored by an international team of architects led by Álvaro Siza, was approved by the city council on 23 June 2005, but as of December 2010 its environmental impact study is still underway and reconstruction has not been initiated. Media related to Paseo del Prado at Wikimedia Commons The Paseo del Prado Architectural review by a+t architecture publishers
Martin Ignatius Joseph Griffin was an American Catholic journalist and historian, instrumental to the founding of the American Catholic Historical Society. He contributed to scholarly journals and was the author of several books and monographs on the Catholic history of the United States. Griffin was born at Philadelphia on October 23, 1842. From an early age, Griffin became known as a regular contributor and editor with various Catholic publications. In 1872 he was made secretary of the Irish Catholic Benevolent Union, both founded and edited its journal from 1873 to 1894; this publication began as the I. C. B. U. Journal but was called Griffin's Journal. Articles on American Catholic history were a regular feature in his journal; this historical interest led to the founding of the American Catholic Historical Society on July 22, 1884. Griffin remained librarian of that society until his death. In January 1887, he acquired the journal of newly-defunct Ohio Valley Catholic Historical Society and continued its publication under the name American Catholic Historical Researches.
This he continued to edit until his death. He died in Philadelphia on November 10, 1911. Three years after his death, Griffin was praised as "an indefatigable delver into the byways of the past" by the Catholic Encyclopedia because of the extent and quality of his research into the Catholic history of the United States. Among his publications are two major books, a History of Commodore John Barry and Catholics and the American Revolution. Griffin published monographs on the history of Old St. Joseph's and several other Philadelphia churches, on Bishop Michael Francis Egan, O. S. F. Thomas Fitzsimons, on the trial of John Ury. Works by Martin Ignatius Joseph Griffin at Project Gutenberg
Saeed Malekpour is an Iranian web designer. He was sentenced to death in Iran for designing and moderating pornographic websites. Malekpour developed an Internet photo-sharing tool that his supporters assert was used without his knowledge for pornographic purposes. Prior to his arrest in Iran in 2008, Malekpour had been living and working in Canada as a permanent resident; the Canadian government and Amnesty International have called for his immediate release. In December 2012, Malekpour's lawyer announced that the death sentence had been suspended because Malekpour had repented for his behavior. On 3 August 2019, Malekpour returned to Canada after escaping Iran through an unknown third country. Malekpour was born in Iran in May 1975, he is a graduate of the Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, where he earned a degree in metallurgical engineering. Among the jobs he held in Iran, he worked for the country's largest automaker. In Iran, Malekpour married Fatima Eftekhari. In 2004, Malekpour went to Canada with his wife to pursue educational opportunities.
He became a permanent resident from 2005 worked as a website designer in the country. Malekpour and his wife resided in Ontario. In October 2008, Malekpour visited his dying father in Iran. Iranian authorities arrested Malekpour during his visit, accusing him of designing and moderating pornographic websites. Malekpour had designed photo uploading software, according to his supporters, that software was being used without his knowledge for the creation of an adult website. Malekpour has been kept in Iran's Evin prison, was placed for a year in solitary confinement without legal representation. A year after his arrest, Malekpour confessed to his crimes on Iranian state television, he retracted the confession in letter sent from inside prison. Malekpour wrote, "A large portion of my confession was extracted under pressure and psychological torture, threats to myself and my family, false promises of immediate release upon giving a false confession to whatever the interrogators dictated... Such mistreatment was aimed at forcing me to write what the interrogators were dictating, to compel me to play a role in front of the camera based on their scenarios."
In December 2010, Malekpour was sentenced to death after being found guilty of "designing and moderating adult content websites", "agitation against the regime", "insulting the sanctity of Islam". In June 2011, the Supreme Court of Iran annulled the verdict in the face of Canadian government protests. Following the reversal, Malekpour was set to remain in jail while a judicial review into his case was held. Despite its earlier decision, the Supreme Court announced its verdict was inconclusive and remanded the case to the court that sentenced Malekpour; the death sentence was upheld, in January 2012, the Supreme Court rejected an appeal from Malekpour's lawyers. The Canadian government called for Malekpour's immediate release. Amnesty International called for his release, describing the case as part of a general "crackdown on freedom of expression ahead of the Iranian parliamentary elections in March". In December 2012, Malekpour's lawyer announced that the death sentence had been suspended because Malekpour had "repented for his actions".
A crowdfunding campaign was created to help raise money to Free Saeed Malekpour. On 3 August 2019, Malekpour returned to Canada after being released by Iranian authorities on furlough'a few days ago' and escaped Iran through a third country, not being revealed. Canada–Iran relations List of foreign nationals detained in Iran Hamid Ghassemi-Shall
Arnold Judas Rimmer is a fictional character in the science fiction sitcom Red Dwarf, played by Chris Barrie. Portrayed as a snobbish and self-centered character, Rimmer is unpopular with his crewmates, is the target of insults and general ridicule. After he is killed by a radiation leak during an ellipsis in the series' first episode "The End" Rimmer is present for most of the series as a computer-generated hologram, indicated by the ‘H’ symbol on his forehead. From series I-V, Rimmer is intangible as a hologram and unable to interact with his environment, referred to in-universe as'soft-light'. Following the character's departure in the series VII episode "Stoke Me a Clipper", Rimmer is absent from the show until series VIII, where a flesh and blood version of Rimmer is shown having been resurrected by nanobots with no memory of the hologrammatic Rimmer's experiences and only those of Rimmer prior to the radiation leak in the first episode. However, following a ten-year hiatus after series VIII, the character reappeared as a hologram in the miniseries Back to Earth onward.
It remains unclear whether this incarnation of Rimmer seen in Back to Earth and series is the original hologram from series I-VII or a hologram of the Rimmer introduced in series VIII, resurrected through nanotechnology. The fictional world of Red Dwarf would allow for the possibility of Rimmer's latest incarnation being an amalgamation of the memories of both; the creators of the series acknowledge that Rimmer's surname comes from a snobby prefect with whom they attended school. They joke that only the boy's name was used, not his personality because that would imply he had one. Rimmer first appeared in Red Dwarf's first episode "The End", where he is characterised as second technician on board the mining ship Red Dwarf, ranking above Dave Lister, the lowest ranked crew member on board the ship with whom he shares quarters, below all four of the service robots; as a technician, Rimmer does maintenance work on vending machines that not the robots are assigned to. Rimmer is shown having difficulty revising for his "engineer's exam" which he hopes to pass and become an officer after having failed before prior to the episode, reveals that he wasn't academy educated unlike others who had become officers.
After Lister is awakened from stasis, where he was put as punishment for bringing an unquarantined cat on board, the ship's computer Holly tells Lister that the ship's crew died in a radiation leak from a drive plate Rimmer had improperly repaired and Lister was kept in stasis until the radiation levels returned to normal three million years later. Rimmer is depicted as having been brought back to life as a hologram, having the same drives and emotions as the living Rimmer, but being unable to touch anything; the only other survivor on board Red Dwarf is a creature called "Cat", a descendant of Lister's pregnant cat, safely sealed in the hold along with her unborn kittens during the radioactive crisis. By the time of "Future Echoes", Rimmer claims to have taken the "astronavigation exam" without passing nine times, or "en, if you count the time had spasm." He claims in this episode that his father had said, "Shiny clean boots and a spanking short haircut, you can cope with anything," right before "that unfortunate suicide business".
In "Balance of Power", Holly reveals that reason Rimmer was brought back as a hologram was because, in Holly's judgment, Rimmer was the best person to keep Lister sane because the two had shared fourteen million words between each other, making Rimmer the crew member with which Lister had the most interaction. Lister asks Rimmer where the disc which contains Navigation Officer Kristine Kochanski's hologram has been hidden so that Lister could go on a date with her, but Rimmer refuses to switch his own disc off to bring back Kochanski for an evening due to the risk that Lister might not turn Rimmer's hologram on again. Holly has the ability to override Rimmer and switch his disc off but cannot do so because Rimmer outranks Lister and he is programmed to prioritise the former's orders over the latter's. In "Confidence and Paranoia", Lister believes that the only reason that Rimmer became a part of the love celibacy society was because he couldn't get a date, he could never get a date because Rimmer's mum bought all of Rimmer's casual clothes.
Rimmer denies this, pointing out he went to bed with Yvonne McGruder, but Lister says she thought Rimmer was someone else due to her wonky vision from a concussion. Lister, with the help of a solid manifestation of Lister's confidence, deduces where Kochanski's personality disc is hidden as well as a means of how the ship can power two holograms at once. Lister is still unable to go on a date with Kochanski, however, as the disc inside Kochanski's box has been swapped with one containing a duplicate of Rimmer. In "Me²", Rimmer is shown moving in with his double as better company in the next bunkroom over from Lister. Rimmer's double reveals. Rimmer claims. Rimmer mentions taking a film course at night school, although he confuses a cartoon showing at the cinema in the episode with Citizen Kane. Lister watches a video of Rimmer's death, where his last words are "gazpacho soup". Demo