Drimnagh Castle is a Norman castle located in Drimnagh, a suburb of Dublin, Ireland. It is the remaining castle in Ireland with a flooded moat around it, this moat is fed by a small local river. Drimnagh Castle Christian Brothers Schools is located next to the site of the castle, the earliest recorded owner of Drimnagh Castle was Sir Hugh de Bernival. His family, owners of Drimnagh Castle for centuries, were known as Barnewell. The last occupants of Drimnagh Castle were the Hatch family, in the very early 1900s, the castle and its lands were bought by Joseph Hatch, a dairy man, of 6 Lower Leeson Street. Joe Hatch was a member of Dublin City Council, representing Fitzwilliam Ward and he bought the castle in the first instance to provide grazing land for his cattle. Upon his death in April 1918, ownership of the passed to their eldest son, Joseph Aloysius. Together with his brother Hugh, Louis managed the dairy farm, Drimnagh Castle was left by Louis Hatch to Dr. P. Dunne, Bishop of Nara, who sold it to the Christian Brothers to build the school that now stands there.
Initially the brothers lived and ran a school there until 1956 when they moved to their new schools, by the mid 1980s the castle was a ruin with fallen roofs, missing windows and partly collapsed masonry. In 1978 the local GAA Club, An Caisleán GAA, took possession of the Castle Coach-house and renovated it to them a clubhouse of Community hall, kitchen. A formal 17th-century–style garden was created, by 1996 the work programme finished although the castle was far from being restored. Today the castle provides tours to the public and can be hired as a venue for weddings, dry stone walling courses are run there. Drimnagh Castle Primary School Drimnagh Castle Secondary School Drimnagh Castle on Dublin Tourist Drimnagh Castle Secondary School
Luttrellstown Castle, dating from the early 15th century, is located in Clonsilla on the outskirts of Dublin, Ireland. The castle has hosted visits by Queen Victoria in 1844 and 1900, Luttrellstown and its remaining 560-acre demesne currently form a 5-star resort, with a golf course, country club and unique location just outside the city boundaries of Dublin. The Luttrell family had held Luttrellstown since the land there had been granted to Sir Geoffrey de Luterel in about 1210 by King John. Sir Geoffrey served as King Johns minister on many missions of state to Ireland from 1204 to 1216, the family became the biggest landowners in the district by the 17th century. Robert Luttrell was treasurer of St Patricks Cathedral and Lord Chancellor of Ireland from 1235 to 1245, the castle was started by Sir Geoffrey Luttrell, the 5th Lord Luttrell, who was born about 1385. Sir Thomas Luttrell was Chief Justice of the Irish Common Pleas, 1534-1554 and he acquired the lands of St Marys Abbey at Coolmine.
Colonel Henry Luttrell, the son of Thomas Luttrell of Luttrellstown, was an Anglo-Irish soldier. He was assassinated in his chair outside his town house in Wolfstone Street. Colonel Simon Luttrell, 1st Earl of Carhampton, was an Irish nobleman who became a politician at Westminster and he was the second son of Colonel Henry Luttrell of Luttrellstown and became Lord Lieutenant of County Dublin. Henry Lawes Luttrell, 2nd Earl of Carhampton was the son of Simon and he served as a Member of Parliament for Bossiney in 1768, and subsequently was Adjutant General of Ireland, where he became notorious for his role in suppressing the Irish Rebellion of 1798. He was so hated that he sold Luttrellstown Castle in 1800, but in an attack the grave of his grandfather Colonel Henry Luttrell was opened. His popularity in Ireland is encapsulated by an incident in which the Dublin Post of 2 May 1811 reported his death, Luttrell demanded a retraction, which the newspaper printed, but it appeared under the headline Public Disappointment.
Luttrell was a landlord who owned an estate in the West Indies but resided at Painshill Park in Surrey. His sister Anne Luttrell, one of the beauties of the age, married as her second husband Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland. Henry Lawes Luttrell sold Luttrellstown to publisher Luke White, described as one of the most remarkable men that Ireland produced, Luke White changed the name to Woodlands to eradicate the name of Luttrell, but his great grandson, 3rd Lord Annaly, reverted it to Luttrell Castle. In 1778 Luke White started as a book dealer, buying in Dublin. By 1798, during the rebellion, he helped the Irish government with a loan of 1 million pounds and he became M. P. for Leitrim, and died in 1824 leaving properties worth £175,000 per annum. Eventually the estate devolved to his son who was created Lord Annaly
Clontarf Castle is a much-modernised castle, dating to 1837, in Clontarf, Ireland, an area famous as a key location of the Battle of Clontarf in 1014. There has been a castle on the site since 1172, in modern times, it has functioned as a bar, cabaret venue, and hotel. The first castle on the grounds, of which no remains, was built in 1172 by either Hugh de Lacy, Lord of Meath. The last prior, John Rawson was created Viscount Clontarf in 1541 in return for surrendering the castle, in 1600 Queen Elizabeth I granted the estate to Sir Geoffrey Fenton, her secretary of state for Ireland, and it passed by marriage from his descendants to the King family. George King of Clontarf took part in the Irish Rebellion of 1641, at the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland, the Clontarf estate was given to Captain John Blackwell, on 14 August 1649. Blackwell afterwards sold his interest to John Vernon, Quartermaster General of Cromwells army, the Vernon family was to remain in possession for some 300 years. In 1660, John Vernon, passed Clontarf Castle to his son, Edward died in 1684 and one of his sisters took possession.
In 1695 a first cousin of Edwards, named John Vernon, claimed rights, the last of the direct male line of Vernons at Clontarf was Edward Kingston Vernon, who succeeded to the estate on the death of his father Edward in 1913. He lived at the castle for six months, after which time it was let to John George Oulton and his wife Mona. The castle was sold to the Oultons in 1933. JG Oulton, who took over the Vernon estate, died in the castle on 17 April 1952, and the Castle was left to his son, who sold the property to pay death duties and other expenses. The Castle remained vacant until 1957 when it was purchased by Mrs. Egan and Carmel Houlihan purchased the building in 1972 and ran it as a popular cabaret venue until 1998. The Castle re-opened to the public as a four-star, 111-room hotel in June,1997, as the Clontarf Castle Hotel, it has been significantly enlarged by the addition of modern wings. Most of the estate lands are long since sold for housing. Handel was a frequent visitor to the castle during his stay in Dublin for the premiere of Messiah in 1742.
The neighbouring area of Dollymount is traditionally said to be named after this lady, the work was mislabelled Caltarf Castle and the subject was only positively identified in 1998 – it depicts the castle building previous to the present structure. Some childhood memories of the castle in the years of the 20th century appear in Enemies of Promise by the writer Cyril Connolly. The castle is referred to by Phil Lynott of the Irish rock group Thin Lizzy in his song The Friendly Ranger at Clontarf Castle, dana was crowned Queen of Cabaret there in 1968, prior to winning the 1970 Eurovision Song Contest
Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley
Richard Colley Wesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley KG PC PC was styled Viscount Wellesley from birth until 1781 and was known as Earl of Mornington from 1781 until 1799. He was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator and he was the eldest son of The 1st Earl of Mornington, an Irish peer, and Anne, the eldest daughter of The 1st Viscount Dungannon. He was the brother of Field Marshal The 1st Duke of Wellington and he first made his name as Governor-General of India between 1798 and 1805 and served as Foreign Secretary in the British Cabinet and as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. Wellesley was born in 1760 in Ireland, where his family were part of the Ascendancy and he was educated at the Royal School, Harrow School and Eton College, where he distinguished himself as a classical scholar, and at Christ Church, Oxford. He was elected Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1782, due to the extravagance of his father and grandfather, he found himself so indebted that he was ultimately forced to sell all the Irish estates.
However, in 1781 he was appointed to the position of Custos Rotulorum of Meath. In 1784 he joined the British House of Commons as member for Bere Alston, soon afterwards he was appointed a Lord of the Treasury by William Pitt the Younger. Mornington seems to have caught Pitts large political spirit in the period 1793 to 1797, Robert Clive won and Warren Hastings consolidated the British ascendancy in India, but Mornington extended it into an empire. On the voyage outwards, he formed the design of annihilating French influence in the Deccan, soon after his landing, in April 1798, he learned that an alliance was being negotiated between Tipu Sultan and the French republic. Mornington resolved to anticipate the action of the enemy, and ordered preparations for war, the first step was to effect the disbandment of the French troops entertained by the Nizam of Hyderabad. The invasion of Mysore followed in February 1799, and the campaign was brought to a conclusion by the capture of Seringapatam on 4 May 1799.
In 1803, the restoration of the Peshwa proved the prelude to the Mahratha war against Sindhia and he found the East India Company a trading body, but left it an imperial power. He was an excellent administrator, and picked two of his brothers for his staff, Arthur was his military adviser, and Henry was his personal secretary. He founded Fort William College, a training centre intended for those who would be involved in governing India, a free-trader like Pitt, he endeavoured to remove some of the restrictions on the trade between Britain and India. He reached England just in time to see Pitt before his death and he had been created a Peer of Great Britain in 1797, and in 1799 became Marquess Wellesley in the Peerage of Ireland. He formed a collection of over 2,500 painted miniatures in the Company style of Indian natural history. A motion by James Paull to impeach Wellesley due to his expulsion of the traders from Oudh was defeated in the House of Commons by 182 votes to 31 in 1808. Resolutions condemning him for the abuse of power were moved in both the Lords and Commons, but defeated by large majorities, in 1809 Wellesley was appointed ambassador to Spain
Ballymote Castle is a large rectangular keepless castle, built around 1300. It is located in the townland of Carrownanty on the outskirts of Ballymote in southern County Sligo and this area was known historically as Átha Cliath an Chorainn, which roughly translates as The Ford of the Hurdles of Corran. It is the last of the Norman castles in Connacht and it was probably built in order to protect the newly won possessions of Richard Óg de Burgh, 2nd Earl of Ulster, in County Sligo, some distance from an earlier motte. Ballymote castle is an enclosure castle, the most symmetrical of all the Irish keepless castles. It has many similarities with Beaumaris Castle, in Anglesey, the entrance, with a double towered gate, is in the north wall and had twin D-shaped towers. It has a typical of the period, the outer portions of which have almost completely disappeared. The castle, remains an impressive structure, the interior measures about 30 square metres. There are three-quarter round towers at all four corners and in the middle of the east and west walls. A postern gate, which was planned for the centre of the wall, was never completed, probably because of the events of 1317. A small square tower had protected this gate, the walls are about 3.0 metres thick and flanked with six noble towers.
No traces of the domestic buildings survive. The Red Earl is credited with building the ancient road from Boyle, County Roscommon to Collooney, known as Bóthar an Corran, the castle changed hands many times since construction. It was captured by the OConnors of Sligo in 1317, but was taken by the Mac Diarmada, during the course of local struggles, by 1381 it had passed to the McDonaghs. In 1577, the fell into English hands for a short period and more permanently in 1584. A lack of occupation levels implies that the building was abandoned during the above period. The OConnors, OHartes and ODowds sacked the castle in 1588, the English surrendered it in 1598 to the MacDonaghs who sold it shortly afterwards to Red Hugh ODonnell. It was from here that Red Hugh ODonnell marched to the disastrous Battle of Kinsale in 1601, when the O Donnells surrendered it to the English in 1602, it was already in a bad state of repair. In 1633, the Taaffes owned it for a short time, in the Williamite wars the castle was held by Captain Terence MacDonagh for King James II, but he had to surrender it to Lord Granard in the face of an artillery attack in 1690
Aughnanure Castle is a tower house in Oughterard, County Galway, Ireland. The castle was built by the OFlaherty family in the 16th century, Aughnanure is one of over 200 tower houses in County Galway, constructed mainly by Gaelic and Anglo-Norman land owning families. The tower lies close to the shores of Lough Corrib, and it was used to blockade Galway during the Cromwellian invasion. Soon after, it was granted to the Earl of Clanrickard and it fell into the hands of Lord St George as the foreclosure of a mortgage. It is now managed by Dúchas, the Irish State body responsible for national monuments, photos of Aughnanure Castle, startpage. ie, accessed 2 December 2016
Hazelwood House, Sligo
Hazelwood House is an 18th-century Palladian style country house located in a 70-acre demesne in the parish of Calry, some 2 miles south-east of the town of Sligo in north-west Ireland. It has been described as one of County Sligos most neglected treasures, in addition to its very high quality architectural value, the house is important both socially and historically. The house is noted as the first Palladian house in Ireland designed by Richard Cassels and it consists of a 5-bay by 3-bay main block in three storeys with 2-storey wings on either side connected to the main block by single-storey quadrants. The building is constructed of ashlar with slate roofs. The house has suffered decades of neglect. In the 1870s, a three-bay, two-storey wing was added on the side of the main block. The main staircase was removed in the 1950s and replaced with a flight of stairs. Many chimney pieces were stolen and replaced with replicas, the original name for the area is Annagh meaning marsh and was on land belonging to the Ó Conchobhair Sligigh Lords of the territory of Cairbre Drom Cliabh.
There was an OConor castle located here that according to ORorke was at Castle Point on Lough Gill south of the present house. This area belonged to the OConnors throughout the Medieval period before passing to the merchant Andrew Crean in the early 17th century, to Lord William Strafford. In 1635, during the planning for the aborted Plantation of Connacht, subsequent allegations claimed that Perceval tricked OConnor into selling by claiming that it belonged to the Crown and would be subject to Plantation without any recompense to OConnor. The hostility created by this was instrumental in the Sligo gentries taking part in the 1641 rebellion, in 1687 it went to Thomas Wilson and in 1722 to the Wynnes. Owen Wynne, a descendant of the Welsh Wynne family from Merioneth purchased the estate in 1722, in addition to the 14,500 acres the conveyance included extensive property within the Borough of Sligo, together with the fairs and tolls. On his death in 1737, the passed to his nephew. He was succeeded by his son, a third Owen, who was High Sheriff of Sligo for 1723 and 1745.
The house passed to the son, a fourth Owen, who was an M. P. for County Sligo in the Irish Parliament. His eldest son, a fifth Owen, inherited the house on his death and was an M. P. for County Sligo in the Irish Parliament and High Sheriff. He was followed by his son, John Arthur Wynne, MP for Sligo Borough and High Sheriff for 1840, and John Arthurs son, the sixth Owen Wynne was the last Wynne to occupy Hazelwood House and died without a male heir in 1910. His daughter Murial and her husband Philip Dudley Percival occupied the house, selling off the livestock, in 1940 the house was occupied by the Irish Armys 12th Cyclist Squadron and served as their barracks until January 1945
Dublin Castle off Dame Street, Ireland, was until 1922 the seat of the United Kingdom governments administration in Ireland, and is now a major Irish government complex. Most of it dates from the 18th century, though a castle has stood on the site since the days of King John, the first Lord of Ireland. The Castle served as the seat of English, later British government of Ireland under the Lordship of Ireland, the Kingdom of Ireland, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. After the signing of the Anglo-Irish Treaty in December 1921, the complex was handed over to the newly formed Provisional Government led by Michael Collins. The castle today is a major tourist attraction and conferencing destination, the building is used for State dinners and most significantly, the inauguration of the presidents of Ireland. Dublin Castle fulfilled a number of roles through its history, the second in command in the Dublin Castle administration, the Chief Secretary for Ireland, had his offices there.
Over the years parliament and law courts met at the castle before moving to new purpose-built venues and it served as a military garrison. Castle Catholic was a term for Catholics who were considered to be overly friendly with or supportive of the British administration. Upon formation of the Free State in 1922, the castle assumed for a decade the role of the Four Courts on the Liffey quays which had been damaged during the Civil War. It was decided in 1938 that the inauguration of the first President of Ireland, Douglas Hyde would take place in the castle, two dedicated conference facilities, The Hibernia Conference Centre and The Printworks, were install for the European Presidencies of 1990 and 2013. Sited to the south-east of Norman Dublin, the formed one corner of the outer perimeter of the city. The city wall directly abutted the castles northeast Powder Tower, extending north, in 1620 the English-born judge Luke Gernon was greatly impressed by the wall, a huge and mighty wall, and of incredible thickness.
The Poddle was diverted into the city through archways where the walls adjoined the castle, one of these archways and part of the wall survive buried underneath the 18th-century buildings, and are open to public inspection. The building survived until 1673, when it was damaged by fire, the Court of Castle Chamber, the Irish counterpart to the English Star Chamber, sat in Dublin Castle in a room which was specially built for it about 1570. The Castle sustained severe damage in 1684. Extensive rebuilding transformed it from medieval fortress to Georgian palace, United Irishmen General Joseph Holt, a participant in the 1798 Rising, was incarcerated in the Bermingham Tower before being transported to New South Wales in 1799. In 1884 officers at the Castle were at the centre of a homosexual scandal incited by the Irish Nationalist politician William OBrien through his newspaper United Ireland. In 1907 the Irish Crown Jewels were stolen from the Castle, suspicion fell upon the Officer of Arms, Sir Arthur Vicars, but rumours of his homosexuality and links to socially important gay men in London, may have compromised the investigation
Mary Delany was an English Bluestocking and letter-writer, equally famous for her paper-mosaicks and her lively correspondence. Mary Delany was born at Coulston, the daughter of Colonel Bernard Granville by his marriage to Mary Westcombe and she was a niece of George Granville, 1st Baron Lansdowne, her fathers brother. Mary had one brother, known as Bunny. When Mary was young, her parents moved the family to London, Mary came into close contact with the Court when she was sent to live with her aunt, Lady Stanley, who was childless the intention being that she would eventually become a Maid of Honour. While living with Lady Stanley, Mary became learned in, French, music and dancing. Marys plans to become a lady in waiting were ruined by Queen Annes death in 1714, which led to a change in power, the Granvilles moved to a manor at Buckland in Gloucestershire, where they were quite isolated from English society. However, Mary was able to continue her education and her pursuit of paper cutting, near the end of 1717 Mary was invited to stay with her uncle, Lord Lansdowne, in Wiltshire.
She was introduced to Alexander Pendarves during this stay, and it became clear that her family had an interest in a marriage between the two. Pendarves was Member of Parliament for Launceston and 60 years old, Mr Pendarvess gout grew worse as the year progressed, and in the second year of their marriage, Mrs Pendarves was forced to nurse her ailing husband. In 1721, the two took a house in London and there, though Mr Pendarves began to drink excessively, in 1724, Mr Pendarves died suddenly in his sleep, leaving his young wife a widow. Mr Pendarves had not altered his will after his marriage, Mr. Pendarves, concerned with the bottle that allowed him to forget the loss of part of his fortune, had had no time to consider settling the rest of it on his wife. Despite her lack of resources, widowhood provided new opportunities for Mrs Pendarves. Widows, unlike unmarried women, were able to move freely in society, perhaps because of her own unhappy marriage, she was not satisfied with the options available to women in the 18th century.
She wrote, Why must women be driven to the necessity of marrying, a state that should always be a matter of choice. And if a woman has not fortune sufficient to maintain her in the situation she has been bred to, what can she do. She was eager in the acquisition of knowledge of all kinds to the end of her life, because she had no home of her own, after her first husbands death, Mrs Pendarves spent time living with various relatives and friends. To begin with, she lived with her aunt and uncle Stanley, in Ireland, Mrs Pendarves made the acquaintance of Dr Patrick Delany, an Irish clergyman who was already married to a rich widow. It was not until 1743 that on a trip to London Dr Delany proposed to Mrs Pendarves and she chose to take Dr Delany as her husband, and the two were married in June 1743
Connacht /ˈkɒnɔːt/ or Connaught is one of the provinces of Ireland, situated in the west of the country. Two of its greatest kings, Tairrdelbach Ua Conchobair and his son Ruaidri Ua Conchobair greatly expanded the kingdoms dominance, the English colony in Connacht shrank from c. Only with in the late 1500s, during the Tudor conquest of Ireland, was Connacht shired into its present counties, the province of Connacht has the greatest number of Irish language speakers at between 5–10% of the population. There are Gaeltacht areas in Counties Galway and Mayo, the province of Connacht has no official function for local government purposes, but it is an officially recognised subdivision of the Irish state. It is listed on ISO-3166-2 as one of the four provinces of Ireland, along with counties from other provinces, Connacht lies in the Midlands-North-West constituency for elections to the European Parliament. The Irish language is spoken in the Gaeltacht areas of Counties Mayo and Galway, the Galway Gaeltacht is the largest Irish-speaking region in Ireland covering Cois Fharraige, parts of Connemara, Conamara Theas, Aran Islands, Dúithche Sheoigeach and Galway City Gaeltacht.
Irish-speaking areas in County Mayo can be found in Iorras, according to the 2011 census Irish is spoken outside of the education system on a daily basis by 14,600 people. There are between 40, 000–55,000 Irish speakers in the province, over 30,000 in Galway, there is the 4,265 attending the 18 Gaelscoils and three Gaelcholáiste outside the Gaeltacht across the province. The GDP of the province of Connacht is around 15 billion euro, the province is divided into five counties, Leitrim, Mayo and Sligo. Connacht is the smallest of the four Irish provinces, with a population of 542,547, Galway is the only official city in the province. The highest point of Connacht is Mweelrea, in County Mayo, the largest island in Connacht is Achill. The biggest lake is Lough Corrib, much of the west coast is ruggedly inhospitable and not conducive for agriculture. It contains the main areas in Connacht, including the Twelve Bens, Mweelrea, Croagh Patrick, Nephin Beg, Ox Mountains. Killary Harbour, Irelands only true fjord, is located at the foot of Mweelrea, Connemara National Park is in County Galway.
The Aran Islands, featuring prehistoric forts such as Dún Aonghasa, have been a regular tourist destination since the 19th century, inland areas such as east Galway and Sligo have enjoyed greater historical population density due to better agricultural land and infrastructure. Rivers and lakes include the River Moy, River Corrib, the Shannon, Lough Mask, Lough Melvin, Lough Allen, the largest urban area in Connacht is Galway, with a population of 76,778. Other large towns in Connacht are Sligo and Ballina, the name Connacht comes from the medieval ruling dynasty, the Connacht, whose name means descendants of Conn, from the mythical king Conn of the Hundred Battles. Before the Connachta dynasty, the province was known as Cóiced Ol nEchmacht, in Modern Irish, the province is usually called Cúige Chonnacht, the Province of Connacht, where Chonnacht is plural genitive case with lenition of the C to Ch