Dangun or Dangun Wanggeom was the legendary founder and god-king of Gojoseon, the first Korean kingdom, around present-day Liaoning and the northern part of the Korean Peninsula. He is said to be the "grandson of heaven" and "son of a bear", to have founded the kingdom in 2333 BC; the earliest recorded version of the Dangun legend appears in the 13th-century Samguk Yusa, which cites China's Book of Wei and Korea's lost historical record Gogi. Dangun's ancestry legend begins with his grandfather Hwanin, the "Lord of Heaven". Hwanin had a son, who yearned to live on the earth among the valleys and the mountains. Hwanin permitted Hwanung and 3,000 followers to descend onto Baekdu Mountain, where Hwanung founded the Sinsi. Along with his ministers of clouds and wind, he instituted laws and moral codes and taught humans various arts and agriculture. Legend attributes the development of moxibustion to Dangun. A tiger and a bear prayed to Hwanung. Upon hearing their prayers, Hwanung gave them twenty cloves of garlic and a bundle of mugwort, ordering them to eat only this sacred food and remain out of the sunlight for 100 days.
The tiger left the cave. However, the bear was transformed into a woman; the bear and the tiger are said to represent two tribes that sought the favor of the heavenly prince. The bear-woman made offerings to Hwanung. However, she lacked a husband, soon became sad and prayed beneath a "divine birch" tree to be blessed with a child. Hwanung, moved by her prayers, took her for his wife and soon she gave birth to a son named Dangun Wanggeom. Dangun ascended to the throne, built the walled city of Asadal situated near Pyongyang and called the kingdom Joseon—referred to today as Gojoseon "Old/Ancient Joseon" so as not to be confused with the kingdom of Joseon, established much later, he moved his capital to Asadal on Mount Paegak or Mount Gunghol. Emperor Dangun's rule is calculated to begin in 2333 BC, based on the description of the Dongguk Tonggam contrary to the 40th year of the reign of the legendary Chinese Emperor Yao. Other sources vary somewhat, but put it during Yao's reign; the Samguk Yusa states Dangun ascended to the throne in the 50th year of Yao's reign, while Annals of the Joseon Dynasty says the first year and Dongguk Tonggam says the 25th year.
Until 1961, the official South Korean era was called the Dangi, which began in 2333 BC. Followers of Daejongism considered October 3 in the Korean calendar as Gaecheonjeol; this day is now a public holiday in South Korea in the Gregorian calendar called "National Foundation Day". North Korea dates Dangun's founding of Gojoseon to the early 30th century BC.15 March in the year 4340 of the Dangun Era is called "Royal Day Festival", the day that the semi-legendary founder Dangun returned to the heavens. The earliest recorded version of the Dangun legend appears in the 13th century Samguk Yusa, which cites China's Book of Wei and Korea's lost history text Gogi; this is the best known and most studied version, but similar versions are recorded in the Jewang Un-gi by the late Goryeo scholar Yi Seunghyu, as well as the Eungje Siju and Sejong Sillok of the early Joseon. Dangun is worshipped today as a deity by the followers of Daejongism. Dangun is the second pattern or hyeong in the International Taekwon-Do Federation form of the Korean martial art taekwondo.
Students learn that the hyeong represents "the holy legendary founder of Korea in the year 2333 BC." Unusually for a hyeong, all the punches in Dan Gun are high section symbolising Dangun scaling a mountain. North Korea's leader Kim Il-sung insisted that Dangun was not a legend but a real historical person; as consequence, North Korean archaeologists were compelled to locate the purported remains and grave of Dangun. According to a publication by North Korea, the Mausoleum of Dangun is the alleged burial site of the legendary Dangun; the site occupies about 1.8 km² on the slope of Taebaek Mountain in Kangdong, not to be confused with the Taebaek Mountain in South Korea. Dangun's grave is shaped like a pyramid, about 22 m high and 50 m on each side. Many observers and historians outside of North Korea, including South Korea, consider the site controversial. History of Korea List of monarchs of Korea List of people of Korean descent List of national founders Emperor Jimmu Joktan Tangun: Founder-king of Korea.
Pyongyang: Foreign Languages Publishing House. 1994. OCLC 272459364; the Legend of Tan-Gun Myth of Korea: Tangun Korean Myths and Tales The T'angun Legend Korean Tales in French
George Linus Cobb composed over 200 pieces of music, including ragtimes and waltzes. He wrote columns for music trade publications. Cobb attended the School of Harmony and Composition at Syracuse University in 1905, his compositions began soon thereafter. Cobb collaborated with lyricist Jack Yellen on many early songs, in 1950 Billboard described Cobb as a "roving music teacher" during Yellen's sophomore year in college, they sold their first big hit, All Aboard for Dixieland, for $100 in 1913, but the two had been writing songs as early as 1909, beginning with Moonlight Makes Me Lonesome For A Girl Like You. Cobb's most famous work is The Russian Rag, a composition based on the opening chord progression of Rachmaninoff's Prelude in C-sharp minor, Op.3, No.2. The piece was such a hit in 1918 that Cobb wrote The New Russian Rag in 1923 in an attempt to arrange more of the Rachmaninoff prelude for ragtime piano. By 1917, Cobb began writing a monthly column titled "Just Between You and Me" in The Tuneful Yankee, a ragtime music magazine owned by publisher Walter Jacobs.
The magazine published many of Cobb's musical compositions. Cobb continued writing for the magazine after the name changed to Melody in 1918. Cobb, George L. and Jack Yellen. Alabama Jubilee. New York: Jerome H. Remick & Co, 1915. OCLC 9909311 Cobb, George L. and Jack Yellen. All Aboard for Dixieland. New York: Jerome H. Remick & Co, 1914. OCLC 9766047 Cobb, George L. and Jack Yellen. Are You from Dixie?:'cause I'm from Dixie Too. New York: M. Witmark & Sons, 1915. OCLC 20120691 Cobb, George L. Jack Yellen, Will Rossiter. Bring Me Back My Lovin' Honey Boy. Chicago: Will Rossiter, 1913. OCLC 424501477 Cobb, George L. and Jack Yellen. Moonlight Makes Me Lonesome For A Girl Like You. 1909. The New Russian Rag. 1923. The Russian Rag. 1918. Cobb, George L. and Jack Mahoney. See Dixie First. Boston, Mass: Walter Jacobs, 1916. OCLC 30123720 Cobb, George L. and Irving Crocker. Send Me a Line When I'm Across the Ocean, Boston: Walter Jacobs, 1917. OCLC 30123716 Cobb, George L. and Robert Levenson. When the Lilies Bloom in France Again.
Boston: Walter Jacobs, 1918. OCLC 17843262 Cobb died of coronary thrombosis on December 25, 1942. List of ragtime composers Free scores by George L. Cobb at the International Music Score Library Project audio recording of "Russian Rag" at the Library of Congress jukebox "Alabama jubilee", New York: Remick Music Corp. 1915, from the Alabama Sheet Music Collection The Rags of George L. Cobb An overview of Cobb's life and compositions George Linus Cobb An overview of Cobb's life and compositions
Mills of Drum railway station was opened in September 1853 by the Deeside Railway and served the rural area around Park House and Crathes estates at the Mills of Drum or Drum Mills, corn mills, that lay close to the River Dee. The Deeside Railway was taken over by the GNoSR in the 1860s. Mills of Drum only remained open until 1863 as an intermediate station on the Deeside Railway that ran from Aberdeen to Ballater. Mills of Drum station was located in Deeside, Scotland; the short single-platform station was opened in 1853 and stood on the single track line with a level crossing to the west and a toll gate on the nearby road. By 1903 the site had been renamed Mills of Crathes; the station name is recorded on the 1855 maps It stood 21 km from Aberdeen. The Deeside branch at first was operated by the Deeside Railway; the line became itself became part of the GNoSR and at grouping merged with the London and North Eastern Railway. The line was closed to passengers on 28 February 1966; the line has been lifted and extensive sections form part of the Deeside Way long distance footpath.
The station only had a short single platform on the single track line without any sidings or passing loop, etc. The station was closed after a short life, however the line remained open for passenger services until 1966. Three trains a day ran, operated by the Aberdeen Railway, with only one locomotive available; the Deeside Railway purchased its own rolling stock which were in service by summer 1854. The station has been demolished and the track lifted; the Deeside long-distance path runs through the old station site. The Royal Deeside Railway is located at Milton of Crathes down the line towards Ballater. Butt, R. V. J.. The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt and stopping place and present. Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. Vallance, H. A.. Great North of Scotland railway; the History of the Railways of the Scottish Highlands Vol. 3. David St John Thomas. ISBN 978-0-946537-60-0. Film of the station and the Deeside line
Media Five Entertainment is a United States artist management and booking agency assisting the careers of musicians in the music industry. In addition to regional headliners, the agency has worked with some of the biggest names in music that have earned international success. Media Five Entertainment was founded in 1970 by David A Sestak, a musician and artist from Easton, Pennsylvania; the agency specialized in booking regional bands and bringing national acts such as Aerosmith, Billy Joel, Kiss to eastern Pennsylvania under the name Extensions of Man Concerts. In the 1980s, as the company had established itself as a booking agency, Media Five further expanded to create an artist management division, striving to nurture local bands from the ground up and guide them through recording, album releases, radio promotion, marketing campaigns and touring; these artists have sold a combined 20 million records worldwide. Sestak gets credit for bringing Live, once just a local band named Public Affection from York, Pennsylvania, to super-stardom in the mid 1990s with their breakout second album, Throwing Copper, fueled by the #1 hit single, "Lightning Crashes".
Sestak was the band's manager until mid 2000, is thanked first in the liner notes of Live's first four major label albums: Mental Jewelry, Throwing Copper, Secret Samadhi, The Distance To Here. In 1998, Sestak played a vital role as co-manager in the success of Fuel, another Pennsylvania band with two platinum albums to their credit, including 2000's Something Like Human; that album yielded the #1 modern rock hit "Hemorrhage". The song was named Billboard's #1 5 rock song of the 2000s. Media Five has represented and managed notable bands like Breaking Benjamin, July For Kings, Solution A. D. and Joe Hedges. Media Five played a role in the career of Billy Joel. In particular, all but one performance by Joel in the Lehigh Valley area was put together by David Sestak himself which created a bond between Joel and local residents that continues to this day. Joel's familiarity with the area undoubtedly inspired the naming of one of his best-known songs, "Allentown,", released in 1982. In December 1982, continued interest of Joel's music in the Allentown-Bethlehem area led Sestak to persuade local music director Bruce Bond to start a petition drive asking Joel to play in Allentown, signed by more than 10,000 people.
When Joel's fall tour was announced there was no Allentown date, however Sestak had been collecting news clippings and sending them to Joel's publicist, Elaine Shock, who passed them on to Joel. Joel phoned radio station 95.1 WZZO FM to discuss, on December 27, 1982, Joel performed for 6,300 people at Lehigh University's Stabler Arena. "Everyone was there," said Sestak. "Billy Joel played'Allentown', in Bethlehem." Media Five Entertainment represents and books nearly 25 original and cover bands in the eastern United States. Sestak chaired the "Managers and Promoters" panel in February 2008 at Pennsylvania's annual Millennium Music Conference, which for the past 12 years has become one of the premier music events on the East Coast. Http://www.tfaoi.com/aa/6aa/6aa192.htm https://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C0DE5D61531F936A15756C0A9659C8B63&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all http://www.popmatters.com/pm/news/article/51445/royal-treatment-bonded-billy-joel-to-allentown/ https://web.archive.org/web/20080222171125/http://www6.islandrecords.com/site/artist_home.php?artist_id=640 https://web.archive.org/web/20080517035440/http://musicconference.net/mmc12/
Airexpo is a French airshow started in 1987. It is the third most important airshow of France, it is organized by the students of the grandes écoles École nationale de l'aviation civile and those of the Institut Supérieur de l'Aéronautique et de l'Espace. It is held yearly on the Muret - Lherm Aerodrome; the aircraft are representative of the world of aviation, from the Supermarine Spitfire to the F-18, through the little Robin DR400. The airliners are regularly represented with the participation of Airbus and ATR, with the Airbus A380 and A340-600 or the ATR 72-500; the first show was held at the Toulouse – Lasbordes Airport. However, with the number of visitors increasing, the association decided to move to Muret - Lherm Aerodrome; the 16th edition welcomed the Patrouille de France 1 June 2002. For the 17th edition, 3 May 2003, the eight Alpha Jets returned; the 20th edition welcomed over 30,000 visitors on 13 May 2006. The 21st edition of Airexpo attracted over 33,000 people; the 22nd edition was organized at the Base aérienne 101 Toulouse-Francazal on 25 May 2008.
The aircraft Douglas DC-3, Dassault Rafale, Airbus A300-600ST Beluga and A380 were at the airshow. The 23rd edition was organized at the Muret - Lherm Aerodrome on 30 May 2009; the aircraft at the airshow were: Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet, Airbus A380, ATR 72, North American P-51D Mustang, Aérospatiale Alouette III. The 24th edition was organized at the Muret - Lherm Aerodrome. More than 30 aircraft were at the airshow, including: Airbus A380, Airbus Beluga, ATR 72 and ATR 42. Miss France 2010 was at the airshow; the 25th edition took place on 28 May 2011. Twenty flying displays were presented to the public. Presenting at the airshow on the occasion of its 25th anniversary were: Breitling Jet Team, Red Arrows, Eurocopter EC175, Airbus A400M, Airbus A380, Curtiss P-40 Warhawk, Mitsubishi A6M Zero, Extra EA-300, Pitts Special; the 26th edition took place on 12 May 2012. The 27th edition took place on 8 June 2013 in Muret-Lherm; the 28th edition took place on May 31st 2014 in Muret-Lherm. Aero India Air show Berlin Air Show Dubai Airshow Farnborough Airshow MAKS Airshow Air/Space America 88 Paris Air Show List of airshows Media related to AirExpo at Wikimedia Commons Official website
A Garland for Linda is a tribute album for Linda McCartney, released in 2000 by the cancer-fighting organization the Garland Appeal. The album features classical music by ten contemporary composers including Paul McCartney, John Rutter and John Tavener, performed by the Joyful Company of Singers under conductor Peter Broadbent, recorded at All Saints Church, London. "Silence and Music" – 4:50 From A Garland for the Queen in 1953, the year of her coronation. "Prayer for the Healing of the Sick" – 8:53 Featuring John Tavener. From text by Mother Thekla and taken from the Russian Orthodox Service of Holy Unction. "Water Lilies" – 7:35 Featuring Judith Bingham. Written in March 1999, drawing on the composer's experience of swimming. "Musica Dei Donum" – 5:36 Featuring John Rutter. Taken from a solo chorus text from 1594. "The Doorway of the Dawn" – 4:53 Featuring David Matthews. Write about Linda's qualities & feelings. "Nova" – 6:28 Featuring Paul McCartney. Written from November 1998 to May 1999. "I Dream'd" – 3:30 Featuring Roxanna Panufnik.
Arrangement for a cappella chorus of a work. "Farewell" – 3:30 Featuring Michael Berkeley. Taken from fragments of literary ideas from Milton and Elizabeth Speller. "The Flight of the Swan" – 6:16 Featuring Giles Swayne. Inspired by the death of James Manson, son of a close friend, in 1996 from brain cancer. "A Good-Night" – 2:51 Featuring Richard Rodney Bennett. From a poem by Francis Quarles. Paul McCartney: Composer. Richard Rodney Bennett: Composer. Michael Berkeley: Composer. John Rutter: Composer. John Tavener: Composer. Ralph Vaughan Williams: Composer. David Matthews: Concertmaster. Roxanna Panufnik: Composer. Philippa Davies: Flute. Robert Cohen: Cello. Choir:The Joyful Company of Singers Claire Hills: Soprano. Katherine Willis: Soprano. Henrietta Hillman: Alto. Fiona Robinson: Alto. Lorna Youngs: Alto Paul Zimmerman: Tenor. Alex Hayes: Tenor. Michael King: Bass. Greg Masters: Bass. Chris E. Williams: Bass. Peter Broadbent: Conductor