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Daniël Mijtens

Daniël Mijtens, known in England as Daniel Mytens the Elder, was a Dutch portrait painter who spent the central years of his career working in England. He was born in Delft into a family of artists and trained in The Hague in the studio of Van Mierevelt, he was the nephew of the painter Aert Mijtens, the older brother of the painter Isaac Mijtens, the father of the painter Daniel Mijtens the Younger. No known work survives from his first Dutch period. By 1618, he had moved to London, where his initial patron was the leading art collector Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel. Mijtens painted the Earl and his Countess, was soon commissioned to paint King James I and his son Charles, Prince of Wales. In 1625 he was speculated to have become Charles I's secret lover. After the prince's accession to the throne as Charles I in 1625 Mijtens produced such a large number of full-length portraits of Charles I and his courtiers, including duplicates, that it is assumed that he had workshop assistance. Two of his finest portraits are of the same man, James Hamilton 1st Duke of Hamilton, whom he painted as a seventeen-year-old in 1623 and again in 1629.

Mijtens made visits to the Netherlands in 1626 and 1630 to study the latest developments in his field, more the works of Rubens and Van Dyck. Mijtens introduced a new naturalism into the English court portrait, influenced Abraham van Blyenberch, but after the arrival in England of the far more distinguished Anthony van Dyck in 1632 he was superseded as the leading court portraitist. Van Dyck demonstrated his superiority over Mytens by painting a portrait of the King and Queen, based on Mytens original, but better executed. Around 1634 Mytens appears to have returned to the Netherlands permanently, he subsequently worked as an art dealer in The Hague, acquiring works for the Earl of Arundel among others. Only four paintings survive from this final period, he died in The Hague. Some of Mijtens' works are still owned by the Royal Family. Mijtens made copies of old portraits of royal sitters, including, he made a copy of a Venus by Titian for £120 in 1625. Mijtens' works at the National Portrait Gallery 100 paintings by or after Daniël Mijtens at the Art UK site Works at various galleries

Navesti (river)

The Navesti is a 100 km -long-river in southwestern Estonia. It is the largest river by discharge; the source of the Navesti is near Imavere in Järva County. It flows west, passes through three counties, its confluence with the Pärnu is located near Tori in Jõesuu. The basin area of the Navesti is its average discharge 27.9 m3/s. Before the opening of the primeval Lake Võrtsjärv through the Emajõgi to the Lake Peipus, the Navesti river drained the Võrtsjärv. There are up to 18 species of fish in the Navesti, including: bream, chub, ide, pike, river trout and ruffe

Premiership of John Edward Brownlee

John Edward Brownlee was Premier of Alberta, from 1925 to 1934 as leader of the United Farmers of Alberta caucus in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta. After a number of early successes, his popularity and his government's suffered from the hardships of the Great Depression. In 1934, he was embroiled in a sex scandal. Though Brownlee denied the events she alleged, when the jury found in her favour he announced his resignation as premier. Brownlee became premier on November 23, 1925, when, at the request of the UFA caucus, he took over from the indecisive Herbert Greenfield, in whose cabinet he had served as attorney-general. After winning the 1926 election for the UFA, Brownlee achieved a number of successes. In 1929 he signed an agreement with the federal government that transferred control of Alberta's natural resources to its provincial government, a priority of his three immediate predecessors as premier. In 1928 he divested the government of the money-losing railways it had acquired after the syndicates that founded them went out of business, by selling them to Canadian Pacific and Canadian National.

This was part of his program to balance the provincial budget, at which he was successful beginning in 1925. His government introduced a controversial sexual sterilization program to prevent the mentally disabled from procreating, his government's fortunes entered a decline following the 1930 election. Agricultural prices collapsed. Urban unemployment shot up, the government had no choice but to return to deficit spending. Brownlee tried to broker deals between farmers and banks, but found neither side eager to compromise. Political radicalism increased, as communism, the new Co-operative Commonwealth Federation, William Aberhart's social credit movement gained new adherents; the UFA itself elected as its president radical socialist Robert Gardiner. In 1933, Prime Minister R. B. Bennett named Brownlee to the Royal Commission on Banking and Currency as a representative of western interests and unorthodox viewpoints. In this capacity, Brownlee travelled the country questioning witnesses bankers and farmers.

While he concurred with the commission's ultimate recommendation for the creation of a central bank, he made a series of recommendations of his own, including that the central bank be controlled by the government. In 1934 Brownlee was sued for the seduction of Vivian MacMillan, a family friend and a secretary in his government's attorney-general's office. MacMillan claimed. Though Brownlee denied MacMillan's story and though his lawyer exposed inconsistencies in cross-examination, the jury sided with MacMillan. In deference to public outrage over the charges, John Brownlee resigned as premier July 10, 1934, was succeeded by Richard Gavin Reid. Brownlee became Premier November 23, 1925, when Lieutenant Governor of Alberta William Egbert, at the behest of much of the UFA caucus, asked him to form a government. Brownlee had been Attorney-General in the government of Herbert Greenfield. Greenfield was a weak and indecisive premier, UFA Members of the Legislative Assembly began to look to Brownlee to leadership.

Though Brownlee resisted early calls to assume the premiership out of loyalty to Greenfield, he was persuaded by the advice of UFA President Henry Wise Wood and Greenfield's assurances that he would step aside in Brownlee's favour. When Brownlee became premier it had been more than four years since the last election; the law required an election at least every five years, Brownlee called one for June 28, 1926. The Liberals were the UFA's major opponent in the election. Boyle had since been appointed to the bench, the party was now led by Joseph Tweed Shaw. Shaw had served as the Labour Member of Parliament for Calgary West from 1921 until 1925. Now, running against the UFA government, this previous relationship and his recorded sentiments about it were handicaps; the Conservatives were led by A. A. McGillivray, an outstanding courtroom lawyer and friend of Brownlee's who the latter had, as attorney-general, hired to prosecute Emilio Picariello. McGillivray had released his party's entire platform shortly after becoming leader in 1925, so had little new to say during the campaign.

While Brownlee admired his intellect, he considered that he was out of touch with voters' views, likening him to federal Conservative leader Arthur Meighen. During the campaign, Brownlee travelled the province speaking to public meetings, he emphasized his record and the UFA's, pointing to the province's improving financial position and to its involvement in the establishment of the Alberta Wheat Pool. He touted the period since the last election as "five years of progress". In keeping with the UFA's view of good government as being the non-partisan administration of business rather than any clash of ideologies, he concluded his speeches by asking "Are we going to return in this Province to Government based on the two-party system, or are we going to continue to work for a better?"The UFA contested 46 of Alberta's 60 seats, including lawyer John Lymburn's candidacy in Edmonton. Of these 46 candidates, 43—including Lymburn and Brownlee, acclaimed in his Ponoka riding—were elected; this was an increase from the 38 who were elected in 1921.


Waves (Sam Rivers album)

Waves is an album by American jazz saxophonist Sam Rivers featuring performances recorded in 1978 and released on the Tomato label. The Allmusic review by Ron Wynn awarded the album 4 stars stating "An explosive late'70s set with underrated composer, multi-instrumentalist, arranger Sam Rivers leading a strong quartet... Their array of contrasting voicings, with Rivers on tenor and soprano sax and flute, makes for compelling listening". All compositions by Sam Rivers"Shockwave" - 14:58 "Torch" - 7:05 "Pulse" - 10:33 "Flux" - 6:10 "Surge" - 5:18Recorded at Big Apple Studio in New York City on August 8, 1978 Sam Rivers - tenor saxophone, soprano saxophone, piano Dave Holland - bass, cello Joe Daley - tuba, baritone horn Thurman Barker - drums, percussion


Sukhasana, easy pose, is a simple cross-legged sitting asana in hatha yoga, sometimes used for meditation in both Buddhism and Hinduism. The name comes from the Sanskrit words sukha meaning "pleasure", asana meaning "posture" or "seat"; the 19th century Sritattvanidhi illustrates the pose. The name, the more general name Yogasana which may denote a variety of similar poses, is found in much older documents as a meditation seat, such as in the 4th century Darshana Upanishad. While opening the hips and lengthening the spine, the asana's relative ease on the knees makes it easier than siddhasana or padmasana for people with physical difficulties; some schools do not consider it to be as effective for prolonged meditation sessions because it is easy to slump forward while sitting in it. For meditation, it is important that the spine aligned with the head and neck, but if the practitioner steadies the sukhasana pose by putting pillows or blankets under the knees to create a steadiness, it may be easier to sit longer in sukhasana for meditation without slumping forward.

An additional blanket or pillow under the buttocks may be beneficial and steadying. The 20th century Jnana Yoga guru Ramana Maharshi advocated it as suitable for attaining Enlightenment. Siddhāsana List of asanas Sitting cross-legged Iyengar, B. K. S.. Illustrated Light On Yoga. HarperCollins. ISBN 978-81-7223-606-9. Saraswati, Swami Satyananda. Asana Pranayama Mudra Bandha. Nesma Books India. ISBN 978-81-86336-14-4. Saraswati, Swami Satyananda. A Systematic Course in the Ancient Tantric Techniques of Yoga and Kriya. Nesma Books India. ISBN 978-81-85787-08-4. Step by Step instruction Easy Pose Benefits

Pinoy hip hop

Filipino hip-hop or Pinoy hip hop is hip hop music performed by musicians of Filipino descent, both in the Philippines and overseas by Filipino-Americans. The Philippines is known to have had the first hip hop music scene in Asia since the early 1980s due to the country's historical connections with the United States where hip hop originated. Rap music released in the Philippines has appeared in different languages or dialects such as Tagalog, Chavacano, Cebuano and English. In the Philippines, Francis Magalona and Andrew E. are among the most influential rappers in the country, being the first to release mainstream rap albums. of The Black Eyed Peas, Cassie Ventura, Chad Hugo of the Neptunes and N. E. R. D. are among the contemporary Filipino-American hip-hop artists. Hip hop music found their way to the Philippines; the towns and barrios surrounding the numerous American military bases that were scattered throughout that country such as Clark Air Base in Angeles City and Subic Bay Naval Base in Olongapo were among the earliest to be exposed to the culture.

In 1979, the earliest rap recording came from Dyords Javier's single "Na Onseng Delight", a parody of Rapper's Delight by The Sugarhill Gang, released under Wea Records. That same year, pioneer Vincent Dafalong released the album Okay Sa-rap, with singles "Ispraken-Delight", " Mahiwagang Nunal". Groundbreaking hip hop films such as Wild Style, Breakin' and Krush Groove were influences. In 1982, local breakdancing crews like the Angeles City-based Whooze Co. International, with members consisting from Clark Air Base, The Eclipse, Info-Clash Breakers and Ground Control, whose members included Rap Master Fordy, Jay "Smooth" MC of Bass Rhyme Posse became mainstays in local parks and malls in and around the Metro Manila area such as the Glorietta Mall, an early hotspot for breakers. Several mobile DJ crews of the era included such names as the Rock All Parties Crew which emerged onto the scene only to produce such future Pinoy rap pioneers as Andrew E. and Norman B. The genre soon entered the mainstream with Francis Magalona's debut album, Yo!, which included the nationalistic hit "Mga Kababayan".

Magalona became an instant superstar thereafter. More artists followed in Magalona's footsteps; the list includes Andrew E. who released his first single, "Humanap Ka Ng Pangit" in 1990 and Michael V. with the release of his first song "Maganda Ang Piliin", a cover of Andrew E.'s "Humanap Ka Ng Pangit!", in 1991. Known as the "Golden Age" of Pinoy Hip Hop, the 1990s marked the beginning of many rapid stylistic innovations beginning in 1991 with the establishment of the Disco Mix Club Philippines, one of the earliest platforms for Philippine DJ mixing battles. Early innovators of the style included DJs Carlo Yalo, Noel Macanaya, Rod "DVS" Torres and Omar Lacap among others. Following the path set forth by their Bass Rhyme predecessors, the tri-lingual rap group Rapasia released their self-titled debut record in 1991, garnering the hit "Hoy! Tsismosa". One of the earliest Filipino hip hop groups to embrace such an abstract format, the album's lyrical content contained a mixture of various Philippine languages along with English.

Rapasia's innovative style would be built upon years by other Pinoy rap groups such as Zamboanga's Ghost 13. Rapasia's members included Martin "Bronx" Magalona, brother of Pinoy rap entrepreneur Francis Magalona; the other two members are Filipino-American, Ronald Jamias a.k.a. Ronski J and the Tausug born Ben Mohammad a.k.a. Brother BM; the group was initiated via an International Rap Competition sponsored by VIVA records and was held at the Music Museum in Mandaluyong. Andrew E emceed the program. Mastaplann was another group that did all their music in English; the group had 2 MCs. The MCs were known as Tracer One, they released 3 albums. The group was formed in 1992 in the Philippines, with original group members Butch Velez a.k.a. Tracer One, Johnny Luna a.k.a. Type Slickk, Disco Mix Competition DJs Sonny Abad, Noel Macanaya a.k.a. DJ MOD, Lopie Guzman a.k.a. DJ Ouch, managed by Jesse Gonzales and DJ GILBY. Butch and Johnny were balikbayans from the San Fernando Valley near Los Angeles, CA, Sonny a balikbayan from Hercules, CA, near the San Francisco Bay Area and Noel and Lopie native Filipinos.

In 1992, Mastaplann was signed by Universal Records. These albums obtained platinum status and are still selling worldwide; the pioneering Pinoy hip hop act Bass Rhyme Posse would release their self-titled debut album on VIVA Records in 1991 which spawned the cult hits "Let the Beat Flow", "Buhay Estudyante" and "Juan T." becoming the genre's first rap group to release a record.1992 marked a turning point for Pinoy rap with the release of Francis M's influential second album, Rap Is Francis M, regarded as one of the greatest Pinoy rap albums ever. Ushering in a awoken wave not seen in the Philippine music industry since the heyday of Juan De La Cruz, Sampaguita and 1970s Pinoy rock, Ma