Raymond Leo Burke
Raymond Leo Burke is an American cardinal prelate of the Catholic Church and a leader of its conservative wing. He is an archbishop and the patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta and he served as the archbishop of the Archdiocese of St. Louis, Missouri from 2003 to 2008, and as the bishop of the Diocese of La Crosse, Wisconsin from 1995 to 2003. Burkes previous position was Cardinal Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, as a prominent canon lawyer, Burke is often perceived as a voice of traditionalism and orthodoxy among prelates of the Catholic Church. In recent years he has clashed with Pope Francis, threatening to formally correct the Pope in relation to Amoris Laetitia. In 2016, he was removed as a member of the Congregation for Divine Worship, on February 21, Albrecht von Boeselager, the Orders Grand Chancellor, announced that Burke was officially suspended from the Patronage. In 2012, an addition to the school was named the Raymond Cardinal Burke Annex in his honor, the family moved to Stratford, Wisconsin.
From 1962 to 1968, he attended Holy Cross Seminary in La Crosse and he completed studies for the priesthood at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome between 1971 and 1975, receiving a Bachelor of Sacred Theology degree and a Master of Arts degree. Pope Paul VI ordained Burke to the priesthood on June 29,1975, after his ordination to the priesthood, Burke was assigned as assistant rector of the Cathedral of St. Joseph the Workman in La Crosse, Wisconsin. He taught religion at Aquinas High School in La Crosse, from 1980 to 1984, Burke studied canon law at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he received a licentiate in canon law in 1982 and a doctorate in canon law in 1984. He returned to La Crosse where he was named the Moderator of the Curia, in 1989, Pope John Paul II named Burke the first American Defender of the Bond of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, the highest ecclesiastical court in the Catholic Church. On December 10,1994, Pope John Paul II named Burke Bishop of La Crosse, consecrating him to the episcopate on January 6,1995, Burke took possession of the See of La Crosse on February 22,1995.
In 2000 Burke convened the fifth diocesan synod for the Diocese of La Crosse and he was named a Knight Commander with Star of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre in 1997 and received the Canon Law Society of Americas Role of Law award in 2000. In 2002, he was influential in founding the Canons Regular of the New Jerusalem, during his tenure as Bishop of La Crosse, Burke constructed a shrine dedicated to Our Lady of Guadalupe, patroness of the Americas. He installed a shrine to the Sacred Heart in the diocesan cathedral, some priests in the Diocese of La Crosse have claimed that Burkes leadership there was divisive. The construction of the shrine, the withdrawal from Church World Services annual Crop Walk. On December 2,2003, Burke was named Archbishop of St. Louis and he was installed on January 26,2004 and was presented with the pallium on June 29,2004 by Pope John Paul II. In St. Louis, Burke emphasized the promotion of vocations to the priesthood and he published a column in the archdiocesan weekly newspaper, the Saint Louis Review.
In both La Crosse and St. Louis, Burke established oratories for those desiring to worship according to the Tridentine Rite
Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux City
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Sioux City is the Roman Catholic diocese for the northwestern quarter of the US state of Iowa. The diocese comprises 24 counties in northwestern Iowa, and it covers an area of 14,518 square miles, the See city for the diocese is Sioux City. It is a see of the Archdiocese of Dubuque. The cathedral parish for this diocese is the Epiphany, R. Walker Nickless was ordained as bishop of Sioux City on 20 January 2006. The Diocese of Sioux City was established by a decree of Pope Leo XIII on Jan,15,1902, by the separation of 24 counties in northwest Iowa from the territory of the Archdiocese of Dubuque. At the time of its establishment, the Diocese of Sioux City had a Catholic population of 50,000, there were at that time 95 priests in 84 parishes and 32 missions. The Diocese of Sioux City belongs to the ecclesiastical Province of Iowa with Dubuque as the See City of the Archdiocese and with sister dioceses in Davenport, each of these jurisdictions is a ‘particular’ or ‘local’ Church with an Ordinary, or bishop, appointed by the Pope.
Pope Leo XIII named Irishman Philip J. Garrigan, a priest of the Diocese of Springfield, Massachusetts, at the time of his appointment Garrigan was serving as Vice-rector of the Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. Following his installation in Sioux City on June 18,1902, with permission from the Holy See he renamed this church the Cathedral of the Epiphany. Bishop Garrigan carried on a visitation of all the parishes of the diocese. His tenure included the period of World War II, during this time Catholic education was extended in the diocese, and legislation was enacted by three Diocesan Synods. In 1946 Bishop Heelan reported to Pope Pius XII that his health was failing, the Pope sent Bishop Thomas L. Noa of Grand Rapids, Michigan, to be Coadjutor Bishop of Sioux City with the right of succession. From the time of Bishop Heelan’s death, September 20,1948, until Bishop Mueller’s retirement Dec.8,1970, new schools and other parish facilities were built, and existing schools were consolidated, increasing their capacity.
Bishop Mueller died Aug.9,1981, during his episcopate the Catholic schools in the diocese were maintained and increased enrollment. 25,1983, Pope John Paul II accepted the resignation of Bishop Greteman as ordinary, on June 15,1983, John Paul appointed Msgr. Lawrence D. Soens, pastor of St. Mary Church, Clinton and his ordination and installation were held Aug.17,1983, at the Cathedral of the Epiphany, Sioux City. On Aug.19,1997, it was announced that John Paul had appointed Msgr, daniel N. DiNardo, pastor of Sts. John and Paul Church, Franklin Park, PA, to be Coadjutor Bishop with right of succession and his ordination was held Oct.7,1997 at Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ Church, Sioux City
His Eminence is a historical style of reference for high nobility, still in use in various religious contexts. The style remains in use as the style or standard of address in reference to a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. A longer, and more formal, title is His Most Reverend Eminence, patriarchs of Eastern Catholic Churches who are cardinals may be addressed as His Eminence or by the style particular to Eastern Catholic patriarchs, His Beatitude. The Prince and Grand Master of the contemporary Sovereign Military Order of Malta is still syled His Most Eminent Highness, styles such as His Grand Eminence or His Eminent Grace amongst others were used as well, some formalized by the Pope or other powers, such as monarchs. However, many others where simply personal preference of the Cardinal, archbishops in the Eastern Orthodox Church are addressed with the styles of Beatitude or Eminence. The Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is styled His All-Holiness, and so is, exceptionally, in Oriental Orthodoxy bishops holding the rank of metropolitan are referred to as His Eminence.
The Archbishop of Ohrid and Macedonia is addressed as His Beatitude and it is used, informally, in Islam for highly honorable religious leaders. Tsem Tulku Rinpoche, a Tibetan Buddhist tulku of the Gelugpa monastic order who presides over a center in Malaysia
Joseph Anthony Fiorenza is an American prelate of the Catholic Church. He was the seventh Bishop and the first Archbishop of Galveston-Houston and he previously served as Bishop of San Angelo from 1979 to 1984. Joseph Fiorenza was born in Beaumont, the second of four sons of Anthony and his father immigrated from Sicily at age 10, while his mother was the daughter of Sicilian immigrants. He attended St. Anthony High School in Beaumont, where he was team captain. He skipped a grade and graduated high school at age 16 in 1947. He studied at St. Marys Seminary in La Porte, Fiorenza was ordained to the priesthood on May 29,1954. His first assignment was as assistant pastor of Queen of Peace Church in Houston, in 1957, he became professor of medical ethics at Sacred Heart Dominican College and chaplain of St. Joseph Hospital in Houston. He served as administrator of Sacred Heart Co-Cathedral from 1959 to 1967, in 1965, he participated in the Selma to Montgomery marches during the Civil Rights Movement.
Fiorenza served as pastor of St. Augustine Church and of St. Benedict the Abbot Church, from 1972 to 1973, he was both pastor of Assumption Church and vice-chancellor of the Diocese of Galveston-Houston. He was named Honorary Prelate of His Holiness by Pope Paul VI on December 5,1973, on September 4,1979, Fiorenza was appointed the fourth Bishop of San Angelo by Pope John Paul II. On December 18,1984, Fiorenza was named Bishop of the Diocese of Galveston-Houston by Pope John Paul II and he was installed as Bishop of Galveston-Houston by Archbishop Patrick Flores in the presence of Archbishop Pio Laghi, the Apostolic Pro-Nuncio. The Diocese of Galveston-Houston was elevated to the status of Archdiocese by John Paul II on Dec.29,2004, Archbishop Fiorenza submitted his letter of retirement to the Vatican in February 2006 at the customary age of 75 years. The response was received on February 28,2006, officially granting Fiorenza his retirement, Archbishop Joseph Fiorenza Oral History, Houston Oral History Project, May 27,2008
A suburb is a residential area or a mixed use area, either existing as part of a city or urban area or as a separate residential community within commuting distance of a city. In some areas, such as Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and a few U. S. states, new suburbs are routinely annexed by adjacent cities. In others, such as Arabia, Canada and much of the United States, Suburbs first emerged on a large scale in the 19th and 20th centuries as a result of improved rail and road transport, which led to an increase in commuting. Suburbs tend to proliferate around cities that have an abundance of adjacent flat land, the English word is derived from the Old French subburbe, which is in turn derived from the Latin suburbium, formed from sub and urbs. The first recorded usage of the term in English, was made by John Wycliffe in 1380, in Australia and New Zealand, suburbs have become formalised as geographic subdivisions of a city and are used by postal services in addressing. In rural areas in both countries, their equivalents are called localities, the terms inner suburb and outer suburb are used to differentiate between the higher-density suburbs in proximity to the city center, and the lower-density suburbs on the outskirts of the urban area.
The term middle suburbs is used, Suburbs, in this sense, can range from areas that seem more like residential areas of a city proper to areas separated by open countryside from the city centre. In large cities such as London, suburbs include formerly separate towns and villages that have been gradually absorbed during a growth and expansion. In the United States and Canada, suburb can refer either to an residential area of a city or town or to a separate municipality or unincorporated area outside a town or city. The earliest appearance of suburbs coincided with the spread of the first urban settlements, large walled towns tended to be the focus around which smaller villages grew up in a symbiotic relationship with the market town. The word suburbani was first used by the Roman statesman Cicero in reference to the large villas, as populations grew during the Early Modern Period in Europe, urban towns swelled with a steady influx of people from the countryside. In some places, nearby settlements were swallowed up as the city expanded.
The peripheral areas on the outskirts of the city were generally inhabited by the very poorest, by the mid-19th century, the first major suburban areas were springing up around London as the city became more overcrowded and unsanitary. A major catalyst in suburban growth came from the opening of the Metropolitan Railway in the 1860s, the line joined the capitals financial heart in the City to what were to become the suburbs of Middlesex. Harrow was reached in 1880, and the line extended as far as Verney Junction in Buckinghamshire, more than 50 miles from Baker Street. Unlike other railway companies, which were required to dispose of surplus land, in 1912, it was suggested that a specially formed company should take over from the Surplus Lands Committee and develop suburban estates near the railway. However, World War I delayed these plans and it was only in 1919, with expectation of a housing boom. The term Metro-land was coined by the Mets marketing department in 1915 when the Guide to the Extension Line became the Metro-land guide and this promoted the land served by the Met for the walker and the house-hunter
Pittsburgh is a city in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in the United States, and is the county seat of Allegheny County. The city proper has a population of 304,391. The metropolitan population of 2,353,045 is the largest in both the Ohio Valley and Appalachia, the second-largest in Pennsylvania, and the 26th-largest in the U. S. The city features 30 skyscrapers, two inclines, a fortification and the Point State Park at the confluence of the rivers. Aside from steel, Pittsburgh has led in manufacturing of aluminum, shipbuilding, foods, transportation, computing and electronics. For part of the 20th century, Pittsburgh was behind only New York and Chicago in corporate headquarters employment, Americas 1980s deindustrialization laid off area blue-collar workers and thousands of downtown white-collar workers when the longtime Pittsburgh-based world headquarters moved out. The area has served as the federal agency headquarters for cyber defense, software engineering, energy research. The area is home to 68 colleges and universities, including research and development leaders Carnegie Mellon University, the region is a hub for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, sustainable energy, and energy extraction.
Pittsburgh was named in 1758 by General John Forbes, in honor of British statesman William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham. The current pronunciation, which is unusual in English speaking countries, is almost certainly a result of a printing error in some copies of the City Charter of March 18,1816. The error was repeated commonly enough throughout the rest of the 19th century that the pronunciation was lost. After a public campaign the original spelling was restored by the United States Board on Geographic Names in 1911. The area of the Ohio headwaters was long inhabited by the Shawnee, the first known European to enter the region was the French explorer/trader Robert de La Salle from Quebec during his 1669 expedition down the Ohio River. European pioneers, primarily Dutch, followed in the early 18th century, Michael Bezallion was the first to describe the forks of the Ohio in a 1717 manuscript, and that year European fur traders established area posts and settlements. In 1749, French soldiers from Quebec launched an expedition to the forks to unite Canada with French Louisiana via the rivers, during 1753–54, the British hastily built Fort Prince George before a larger French force drove them off.
The French built Fort Duquesne based on LaSalles 1669 claims, the French and Indian War, the North American front of the Seven Years War, began with the future Pittsburgh as its center. British General Edward Braddock was dispatched with Major George Washington as his aide to take Fort Duquesne, the British and colonial force were defeated at Braddocks Field. General John Forbes finally took the forks in 1758, Forbes began construction on Fort Pitt, named after William Pitt the Elder while the settlement was named Pittsborough
College of Cardinals
The College of Cardinals, formerly styled Sacred College of Cardinals, is the body of all cardinals of the Catholic Church. A function of the college is to advise the pope about church matters when he summons them to an ordinary consistory and it attends various functions as a matter of protocol, for example, during the canonization process. Historically, cardinals were the clergy serving parishes of the city of Rome under its bishop, the College acquired particular importance following the crowning of Henry IV as King of Germany and Holy Roman Emperor at the age of six, after the unexpected death of Henry III in 1056. This was significant as the aims and views of the Holy Roman Emperor, churchmen involved in what has become known as the Gregorian Reform took advantage of the new kings lack of power and in 1059 reserved the election of the pope to the clergy of the Church in Rome. Reserving to the cardinals the election of the pope represented a significant shift in the balance of power in the Early Medieval world.
From the beginning of the 12th century, the College of Cardinals started to meet as such, in the Catholic church, the Dean of the College of Cardinals and the Cardinal Vice-Dean are the president and vice-president of the college. Both are elected by and from the six Cardinal-bishops, but the election requires Papal confirmation, except for presiding and delegating administrative tasks, they have no authority over the cardinals, acting as primus inter pares. The Fundamental Law of Vatican City State requires that appointees to the legislative body. The word cardinal is derived from the Latin cardo, meaning hinge, the office of cardinal as it is known today slowly evolved during the first millennium from the clergy of Rome. In 845 the Council of Meaux required Bishops to establish Cardinal titles or parishes in their towns and those who were assigned to the latter roles were given the titles of Legatus a latere and Missus Specialis. During the pontificate of Stephen V, the three classes of the College that are present today began to form, Stephen decreed that all cardinal-bishops were bound to sing Mass on rotation at the high altar at St.
Peters Basilica, one per Sunday. The first class to form was that of the cardinal-deacons, direct descendants of the original seven ordained in Acts 6, followed by the cardinal-priests, and finally. The College played a part in various reforms within the Church as well. In the 12th century, the Third Lateran Council declared that only Cardinals could assume the papacy, in 1130, under Urban II, all the classes were permitted to take part in papal elections, up to this point, only cardinal-bishops had this role. By the end of the 14th century, the practice of solely Italian cardinals had ceased, between the 14th century and 17th century, there was much struggle for the College between the cardinals of the day and the reigning popes. The most effective way for a pope to increase his power was to increase the number of cardinals and those cardinals in power saw these actions as an attempt to weaken their influence. In 1517, Pope Leo X added another thirty-one cardinals, bringing the total to sixty-five so that he could have a majority in the College of Cardinals.
Paul IV brought the total to seventy, Pope Pius IV raised an additional six
David Allen Zubik is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who serves as the twelfth and current bishop of the Diocese of Pittsburgh. Bishop Zubik previously served as the bishop of the Diocese of Green Bay from 2003 to 2007, david Zubik was born in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, to Stanley and Susan Zubik. The grandson of Polish and Slovak immigrants, he is an only child and he was raised in Ambridge, and attended St. Stanislaus Church. His parents would take him to an amusement park after Mass on Sundays. Zubik first considered pursuing Holy Orders in the first grade, contemplating a career in law before returning to his priestly aspirations after attending a retreat in 1965 on the South Side. After graduating from St. Veronica High School in 1967, he entered St. Paul Seminary in Pittsburgh, Zubik was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Vincent Leonard on May 3,1975. He served as vicar of Sacred Heart Church in Shadyside until 1980. He received a Masters degree in Education Administration from Duquesne University in 1982, from 1987 to 1991, he was secretary to Bishop Anthony Bevilacqua.
Zubik became a spiritual director of St. Vincent Seminary in Latrobe in 1989. He became President of the Diocesan Finance Council in 1995, Zubik was named Vicar General and Moderator of the Curia for the Diocese of Pittsburgh in 1996. He served as chaplain of the Sisters of the Holy Spirit Motherhouse in Pittsburgh, on February 18,1997, Zubik was appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Pittsburgh and Titular Bishop of Jamestown by Pope John Paul II. He received his consecration on the following April 6 from then-Bishop Donald Wuerl, with Bishops Nicholas Dattilo and Thomas Tobin serving as co-consecrators. He selected as his motto, Nothing is Impossible with God. Zubik was named the eleventh Bishop of Green Bay, replacing the retiring Bishop Robert Banks, he was formally installed on December 12 of that year. During the 2004 presidential election, he urged Catholics to consider the Churchs teachings on abortion, although he has said that pro-choice Catholic politicians should refrain from receiving Communion, Zubik has stated he would not refuse Communion to those figures.
He opposes capital punishment, and supports immigration reform, Pope Benedict XVI appointed Bishop Zubik the twelfth Bishop of Pittsburgh on July 18,2007, ending a 14-month-long vacancy. He was installed on September 28,2007, the residence was sold to a private buyer for several million dollars. In April 2009, he held a widely publicized Service of Apology at St. Paul Cathedral, Zubik is a proponent of comprehensive immigration reform stating, We need to give the immigrants of our century the same latitude that we gave the immigrants of the last century
Pennsylvania /ˌpɛnsᵻlˈveɪnjə/, officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States. The Appalachian Mountains run through its middle, Pennsylvania is the 33rd largest, the 5th most populous, and the 9th most densely populated of the 50 United States. The states five most populous cities are Philadelphia, Allentown, the state capital, and its ninth-largest city, is Harrisburg. Pennsylvania has 140 miles of shoreline along Lake Erie and the Delaware Estuary. The state is one of the 13 original founding states of the United States, it came into being in 1681 as a result of a land grant to William Penn. Part of Pennsylvania, together with the present State of Delaware, had earlier been organized as the Colony of New Sweden and it was the second state to ratify the United States Constitution, on December 12,1787. Independence Hall, where the United States Declaration of Independence and United States Constitution were drafted, is located in the states largest city of Philadelphia, during the American Civil War, the Battle of Gettysburg, was fought in the south central region of the state.
Valley Forge near Philadelphia was General Washingtons headquarters during the winter of 1777–78. Pennsylvania is 170 miles north to south and 283 miles east to west, of a total 46,055 square miles,44,817 square miles are land,490 square miles are inland waters, and 749 square miles are waters in Lake Erie. It is the 33rd largest state in the United States, Pennsylvania has 51 miles of coastline along Lake Erie and 57 miles of shoreline along the Delaware Estuary. Cities include Philadelphia, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the tri-cities of Allentown, the northeast includes the former anthracite coal mining communities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, Pittston City, and Hazleton. Erie is located in the northwest, the state has 5 regions, namely the Allegheny Plateau and Valley, Atlantic Coastal Plain and the Erie Plain. Straddling two major zones, the majority of the state, with the exception of the corner, has a humid continental climate. The largest city, has characteristics of the humid subtropical climate that covers much of Delaware.
Moving toward the interior of the state, the winter climate becomes colder, the number of cloudy days increase. Western areas of the state, particularly locations near Lake Erie, can receive over 100 inches of snowfall annually, the state may be subject to severe weather from spring through summer into fall. Tornadoes occur annually in the state, sometimes in large numbers, the Tuscarora Nation took up temporary residence in the central portion of Pennsylvania ca. Both the Dutch and the English claimed both sides of the Delaware River as part of their lands in America
William Michael Mulvey STL is an American prelate of the Roman Catholic Church who has served as bishop of the Diocese of Corpus Christi, Texas since 2010. Mulvey is the second of the six children of Daniel H. Mulvey Jr. and his siblings are Dan, John and Kim. He has 12 nieces and nephews, all of his education was completed at Catholic schools including St. Theresa and St. Cecilia in Houston and St. Thomas High School in Houston. He was confirmed by Bishop Wendelin Joseph Nold at St. Cecilia Parish in Houston and he attended St. Edwards Catholic High School in Austin and St. Edward’s University, where he graduated in 1971 with a BBA. The other is Patrick Zurek, bishop of Amarillo, Mulvey was appointed to Corpus Christi diocese by Pope Benedict XVI on January 18,2010 and consecrated a bishop on March 25,2010 by Cardinal Daniel DiNardo, Archbishop of Galveston-Houston. His principal co-consecrators were New Orleans Archbishop Gregory Michael Aymond, and his predecessor as Bishop of Corpus Christi. Mulvey is the first Bishop of Corpus Christi to be named without prior episcopal experience since 1921, when Emmanuel Boleslaus Ledvina was appointed to the position
Castle Shannon, Pennsylvania
Castle Shannon is a borough in Allegheny County, United States, and is part of the Pittsburgh Metro Area. The population was 8,316 at the 2010 census, according to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 1.6 square miles, all of it land. Its average elevation is 1,040 feet above sea level, Baldwin Township Bethel Park Mt. Lebanon Overbrook Whitehall The first families settled Castle Shannon in 1786 in pursuit of farmland and timber. The most prominent farm was owned by David Strawbridge, who named it Castle Shanahan, over time, the farm would lend its name to the area, as Shanahan would evolve into Shannon. In 1872, the Pittsburgh and Castle Shannon Railroad line was completed, development was stimulated by two years of free transportation and lumber transport given to anybody building a home. In 1877, a railroad was built from Finleyville through Castle Shannon to the West End neighborhood of Pittsburgh. In 1909, the right of way through the valley containing Castle Shannon was purchased by the Pittsburgh Railroad and this helped lead to Castle Shannon becoming a center for coal mining, with eight mines in operation in 1904.
The Pittsburgh and West Virginia Railroad, still today, came shortly afterward. The First National Bank in Castle Shannon was the site of a much publicized bank robbery in 1917, $18,500 was taken in the robbery, of which $10,500 was immediately recovered from one man shot during the escape. The full sum was never recovered, Castle Shannon was incorporated as a borough in 1919, formed from parts of Baldwin Township, Mt. Lebanon, and Bethel Township. As of the census of 2000, there were 8,556 people,3,859 households, the population density was 5,259.8 people per square mile. There were 4,037 housing units at a density of 2,481.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the borough was 96. 91% White,1. 34% African American,0. 06% Native American,0. 78% Asian,0. 01% Pacific Islander,0. 39% from other races, and 0. 50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0. 98% of the population,35. 1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12. 5% had someone living alone who was 65 years old or older.
The average household size was 2.20 persons, and the family size was 2.88 persons. For every 100 females there were 90.0 males, for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males. The median income for a household in the borough was $38,040, males had a median income of $33,013, versus $27,907 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,518, about 5. 0% of families and 7. 7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9. 4% of those under age 18 and 7. 8% of those age 65 or over
In the Christian churches, Holy Orders are ordained ministries such as bishop, priest or deacon. Except for Lutherans and some Anglicans, these churches regard ordination as a sacrament, the Anglo-Catholic tradition within Anglicanism identifies more with the Roman Catholic position about the sacramental nature of ordination. Denominations have varied conceptions of Holy Orders, in the Anglican churches and some Lutheran churches the traditional orders of bishop and deacon are bestowed using ordination rites. The extent to which ordination is considered sacramental in these traditions has, many other denominations do not consider ministry as being sacramental in nature and would not think of it in terms of holy orders as such. Historically, the word order designated a civil body or corporation with a hierarchy. The word holy refers to the Church, in context, therefore, a holy order is set apart for ministry in the Church. The Eastern Orthodox Church considers ordination to be a Sacred Mystery, although all other mysteries may be performed by a presbyter, ordination may only be conferred by a bishop, and ordination of a bishop may only be performed by several bishops together.
Cheirotonia always takes place during the Divine Liturgy and it was the mission of the Apostles to go forth into all the world and preach the Gospel, baptizing those who believed in the name of the Holy Trinity. In the Early Church those who presided over congregations were referred to variously as episcopos or presbyteros and this link is believed to continue in unbroken succession to this day. Over time, the ministry of bishops and presbyters or priests came to be distinguished, in Orthodox terminology, priesthood or sacerdotal refers to the ministry of bishops and priests. A bishop is the Teacher of the Faith, the carrier of Sacred Tradition, a bishop is consecrated through the laying on of hands by several bishops. The consecration of a bishop takes place near the beginning of the Liturgy, since a bishop can, in addition to performing the Mystery of the Eucharist, ordain priests and deacons. Customarily, the consecrated bishop ordains a priest and a deacon at the Liturgy during which he is consecrated. A priest may serve only at the pleasure of his bishop, a bishop bestows faculties giving a priest chrism and an antimins, he may withdraw faculties and demand the return of these items.
After the Aër is taken from the candidate to cover the chalice and diskos, the candidate is taken to the southeast corner of the Holy Table and kneels on both knees, resting his forehead on the edge of the Holy Table. Afterwards, the bishop brings the newly ordained priest to stand in the Holy Doors and he clothes the priest in each of his sacerdotal vestments, at each of which the people sing, Worthy. A deacon may not perform any Sacrament and performs no liturgical services on his own but serves only as an assistant to a priest and may not even vest without the blessing of a priest. After being vested as a deacon and given a liturgical fan, the Anglican churches hold their bishops to be in apostolic succession, although there is some difference of opinion with regard to whether ordination is to be regarded as a sacrament