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Daniel O'Connell

Daniel O'Connell referred to as The Liberator or The Emancipator, was an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Acts of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland. Throughout his career in Irish politics, O'Connell was able to gain a large following among the Irish masses in support of him and his Catholic Association. O'Connell's main strategy was one of political reformism, working within the parliamentary structures of the British state in Ireland and forming an alliance of convenience with the Whigs. More radical elements broke with O'Connell to found the Young Ireland movement. O'Connell was born at Carhan near Cahersiveen, County Kerry, to the O'Connells of Derrynane, a wealthy Roman Catholic family, dispossessed of its lands, his parents were Catherine O'Mullane. Among his uncles was Daniel Charles, Count O'Connell, an officer in the Irish Brigades of the French Army.

A famous aunt was Eibhlín Dubh Ní Chonaill, while Sir James O'Connell, 1st Baronet, was his younger brother. Under the patronage of his wealthy bachelor uncle Maurice "Hunting Cap" O'Connell. O'Connell was first sent with his brother Maurice to Reddington Academy at Long Island, near Queenstown They both studied at Douai in France from 1790 and O'Connell was admitted as a barrister to Lincoln's Inn in 1794, transferring to Dublin's King's Inns two years later. In his early years, he became acquainted with the pro-democracy radicals of the time and committed himself to bringing equal rights and religious tolerance to his own country. While in Dublin studying for the law, O'Connell was under his Uncle Maurice's instructions not to become involved in any militia activity; when Wolfe Tone's French invasion fleet entered Bantry Bay in December 1796, O'Connell found himself in a quandary. Politics was the cause of his unsettlement. Dennis Gwynn in his Daniel O'Connell: The Irish Liberator suggests that the unsettlement was because he was enrolled as a volunteer in defence of Government, yet the Government was intensifying its persecution of the Catholic people—of which he was one.

He desired to enter Parliament, yet every allowance that the Catholics had been led to anticipate, two years was now flatly vetoed. As a law student, O'Connell was aware of his own talents, but the higher ranks of the Bar were closed to him, he read the Jockey Club as a picture of the governing class in England and was persuaded by it that, "vice reigns triumphant in the English court at this day. The spirit of liberty shrinks to protect property from the attacks of French innovators; the corrupt higher orders tremble for their vicious enjoyments."O'Connell's studies at the time had concentrated upon the legal and political history of Ireland, the debates of the Historical Society concerned the records of governments, from this he was to conclude, according to one of his biographers, "in Ireland the whole policy of the Government was to repress the people and to maintain the ascendancy of a privileged and corrupt minority". On 3 January 1797, in an atmosphere of alarm over the French invasion fleet in Bantry Bay, he wrote to his uncle saying that he was the last of his colleagues to join a volunteer corps and "being young, active and single" he could offer no plausible excuse.

That month, for the sake of expediency, he joined the Lawyers' Artillery Corps. On 19 May 1798, O'Connell became a barrister. Four days the United Irishmen staged their rebellion, put down by the British with great bloodshed. O'Connell did not support the rebellion, he went on the Munster circuit, for over a decade, he went into a quiet period of private law practice in the south of Ireland. He was reputed to have the largest income of any Irish barrister but, due to natural extravagance and a growing family, was in debt. Although he was to inherit Derrynane from his uncle Maurice, the old man lived to be 100 and in the event Daniel's inheritance did not cover his debts, he condemned Robert Emmet's Rebellion of 1803. Of Emmet, a Protestant, he wrote: "A man who could coolly prepare so much bloodshed, so many murders—and such horrors of every kind has ceased to be an object of compassion."Despite his opposition to the use of violence, he was willing to defend those accused of political crimes if he suspected that they had been falsely accused, as in the Doneraile conspiracy trials of 1829, his last notable court appearance.

He was noted for his fearlessness in court: if he thought poorly of a judge he had no hesitation in making this clear. Most famous was his retort to Baron McClelland, who had said that as a barrister he would never have taken the course O'Connell had adopted: O'Connell said that McClelland had never been his model as a barrister, neither would he take directions from him as a judge, he did not lack the ambition to become a judge himself: in particular he was attracted by the position of Master of the Rolls in Ireland, yet although he was offered it more than once refused. In 1802 O'Connell married Mary O'Connell, it was a love marriage, to persist in it was an act of considerable courage, since Daniel's uncle Maurice was outraged and for a time threatened to disinherit them. They had four daughters, Catherine, Elizab

Truth and Beauty (Ian McNabb album)

Truth and Beauty is Ian McNabb's debut solo album after leaving The Icicle Works. The album peaked at No. 51 on the official UK charts. It was reissued in September 2013 including a second disc of B-sides. All songs arranged by Ian McNabb. Truth and Beauty My Own Way These Are The Days Great Dreams Of Heaven Truth And Beauty I'm Game If Love Was Like Guitars Story Of My Life That's Why I Believe Trip With Me Make Love To You Presence Of The One Robert Ian McNabb: Vocals, Guitars Dave Baldwin: Keyboards on "These are the Days" Gordon Longworth: Lead Guitar on "If Love was Like Guitars", "Story of My Life" and "Presence of the One" Roy Corkill: Electric Bass and Keyboard Programming

Bucket List (2018 film)

Bucket List is a 2018 Indian Marathi language comedy-drama film directed by Tejas Prabha Vijay Deoskar. Jointly produced by DAR Motion Pictures, Dark Horse Cinemas and Blue Mustang Creations, the film stars Madhuri Dixit in her Marathi debut, along with Renuka Shahane and Sumeet Raghavan. Dixit released the first poster of the film on 14 January, it was followed by a 43-second long teaser on 25 March 2018, it was released on 25 May 2018. On 29 November 2018, Dixit announced the streaming of the film on Netflix through her Instagram Account; the film begins with dedicated housewife Madhura cooking a custom-made meal for each of her family members. She is shown to have dedicated her entire existence towards keeping her family happy, from sunrise to sunset, it is revealed that Madhura received a heart transplant a few months ago, she traces the donor to a 20 year-old girl called Sai. Madhura feels obliged to show her gratitude and visits Sai’s parents and her twin brother, Salil at their home. Sai's family receive her amicably, apart from her twin brother Salil.

She discovers that Sai had voluntarily signed up to be an organ donor, encouraged her friends to do so too. Madhura is inspired by the young girl's profound thoughts, she decides to attend Sai's college reunion which Sai had planned to go to, learns more about Sai from her friends there. She discovers that Sai had a'bucket list' - a list of things she intended to complete before her 21st birthday, but died before being able to do so. Madhura decides to fulfill Sai's wishes by completing the list itself. What begins as a heart-warming journey of Harley motorbike races and disco nights evolves into a whole new voyage of self-rediscovery for our housewife Madhura. Shishir Sharma as surgeon in hospital The soundtrack of Bucket List consists of three songs composed by Rohan-Rohan the lyrics of which have been written by Mandar Cholkar and Tejas Prabha Vijay Deoskar. Bucket List was released in 409 screens in India and opened to pretty decent collections at box office, it collected ₹0.96 crore on the opening day.

Bucket List saw a decent growth on its second day. With the total of ₹3.66 crore in its opening weekend. The film collected ₹ 5.72 crore. In five weeks the film has collected ₹12.1 crore against a budget of ₹5 crore and was a commercial success. Mihir Bhanage of The Times of India said that the film doesn't have anything more to offer than what the trailer had revealed but praised the performance of Madhuri Dixit saying that, "Madhuri owns the film and sails through it with flying colours." and gave the film a rating of 3 out of 5. Kunal Guha of Mumbai Mirror gave the film a rating of 2.5 out of 5 saying that, "Madhuri Dixit long-overdue debut in Marathi cinema is a comfort watch if a tad predictable and sappy." Kennith Rosario of The Hindu reviewed the film saying that, "Though a well-intentioned film, Bucket List is repetitive and hammers its message to a point of sheer boredom." Johnson Thomas of Free Press Journal gave the film a rating of 3 out of 5 and said that, "The narrative is more interested in presenting the diva in sparkling form than in telling a plausible story.

So it’s Madhuri’s show, so-to-speak!". Snehil Sharma of Humaribaat online portal gave 4 out of 5, he further explains "Overall film is joyful and entertaining in all respect". Prasanna D Zore of Rediff said that, "Madhuri's Bucket List isn't as endearing as her" and gave the film a rating of 2.5 out of 5. Devansh Sharma of First Post gave the film a rating of 3 out of 5 and praised Madhuri Dixit's performance but found the screenplay of the film to be weak specially in the second half of the film. Suhani Singh of India Today praised the funny moments of the film and the acting performances of Madhuri Dixit and Shubha Khote but criticized the "holier-than-thou image" of Madhura as it wasn't quite believable. Suhani gave the film a rating of 2 out of 5. Abhay Salvi of Marathi Stars gave the film a rating of 2.5 out of 5 saying that, "Bucket List’s biggest problem is the directorial decision making, from the tone of the film to the overall flow of the screenplay, the inclusion of irrelevant drama & the absurd climax."

The Bucket List, a 2007 American comedy-drama film Bucket List on IMDb

Phi meson

In particle physics, the phi meson or ϕ meson is a vector meson formed of a strange quark and a strange antiquark. It was the ϕ meson's unusual propensity to decay into K0 and K0 that led to the discovery of the OZI rule, it has a mass of a mean lifetime of 1.55 ± 0.01 × 10 − 22s. The most common decay modes of the ϕ meson are K+K− at 48.9%±0.5%, K0SK0L at 34.2%±0.4%, various indistinguishable combinations of ρs and pions at 15.3%±0.3%. In all cases, it decays via the strong force; the pion channel would naïvely be the dominant decay channel because the collective mass of the pions is smaller than that of the kaons, making it energetically favorable. The quark composition of the ϕ meson can be thought of as a mix between ss, uu, dd states, but it is nearly a pure ss state; this can be shown by deconstructing the wave function of the ϕ into its component parts. We see that the ω mesons are mixtures of the SU wave functions as follows. Φ = ψ 8 cos ⁡ θ − ψ 1 sin ⁡ θ, ω = ψ 8 sin ⁡ θ + ψ 1 cos ⁡ θ, where θ is the nonet mixing angle, ψ 8 = u u ¯ − d d ¯ − 2 s s ¯ 6 and ψ 1 = u u ¯ + d d ¯ + s s ¯ 3.

The mixing angle at which the components decouple can be calculated to be about 35.3˚. The mixing angle of the ϕ and ω states is calculated from the masses of each state to be about 35˚, close to maximum decoupling. Therefore, the ϕ meson is nearly a pure ss state; the existence of the ϕ meson was first proposed by the Japanese American particle physicist, J. J. Sakurai, in 1962 as a resonance state between the K0 and the K0, it was discovered in 1962 by Connolly, et al. in a 20-inch hydrogen bubble chamber at the Alternating Gradient Synchrotron in Brookhaven National Laboratory in Uptown, NY while they were studying K−p+ collisions at 2.23 GeV/c. In essence, the reaction involved a beam of K−s being accelerated to high energies to collide with protons; the ϕ meson has several possible decay modes. The most energetically favored mode involves the ϕ meson decaying into 3 pions, what would naïvely be expected. However, we instead observe that it decays most into 2 kaons. Between 1963 and 1966, 3 people, Susumu Okubo, George Zweig and Jugoro Iizuka, each independently proposed a rule to account for the observed suppression of the 3 pion decay.

This rule is now known as the OZI rule and is the accepted explanation for the unusually long lifetimes of the J/ψ and ϒ mesons. Namely, on average they last ~ 7 × 10 − 21 ~ 1.5 × 10 − 20 s respectively. This is compared to the normal mean lifetime of a meson decaying via the strong force, on the order of 10−23 s. In 1999, a ϕ factory named DAFNE began operation to study the decay of the ϕ meson in Frascati, Italy, it produces ϕ mesons via electron-positron collisions. It has numerous detectors, including the KLOE detector, in operation at the beginning of its operation. Charmonium List of mesons List of particles Quark model

Ayumi Hamasaki Countdown Live 2012–2013 A: Wake Up

Ayumi Hamasaki Countdown Live 2012-2013 A: Wake Me Up is Japanese pop singer Ayumi Hamasaki's 12th Countdown concert DVD. It was released on April 08, 2013. Hamasaki performed three dates at the National Yoyogi First Gymnasium for this countdown, on December 29, 30 & 31, 2012; the DVD/Blu-ray includes the first live performances of songs such as Wake me up, snowy kiss and Missing. All three songs were included one month on Hamasaki's fourteen studio album Love Again. Track list Wake me up Rule Disco-munication Beautiful Fighters Fly High Snowy Kiss Missing Together When... Everywhere Nowhere You & Me Song 4 u Who... Humming7/4 Evolution ~ Surreal Until That Day... Encore Trauma Audience Boys & Girls My AllSales DVD: 18,888 Blu-ray: 5,911 http://avex.jp/ayu/index.php

St. Louis, Brownsville and Mexico Railway

Chartered on June 6, 1903, the St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico Railway was a 200-mile U. S. railroad that operated from Texas, to Gulf Coast Junction in Houston, Texas. It served numerous towns and cities along its routes and operated a rail bridge between Brownsville and Matamoros, Tamaulipas, in junction with the Mexican government; the Brownie connected the citizens of Brownsville to nearby Corpus Christi for the first time on land rather than using water transportation. After Uriah Lott's success with his first railroad project, the Corpus Christi, San Diego and Rio Grande Narrow Gauge Railroad in March 1875, he envisioned a plan of creating land transportation along the southern interior of Texas. Uriah collaborated with business partner Benjamin Franklin Yoakum to create a large rail system that reached from Chicago, Illinois, in the north to Mexico City in the south. To put this plan into effect, Yoakum used control from one of his two railroads he was president from - the St. Louis - San Francisco - to create several railroads within Texas and Louisiana as a system.

Known as the Gulf Coast Lines, the system was created in three phases under three different railroads: The St. Louis and Mexico, the Beaumont, Sour Lake & Western and the New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railway. In April 1904, the St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico took delivery of their first three new locomotives: Burnham, Williams & Co. 4-4-0s #925, 926 & 927. Shortly after the arrival of the locomotives, the first segment of track was completed on July 4, 1904, which reached Brownsville, from its starting point in Robstown, Texas. On December 31, 1907, the second major segment of track on the Brownie was completed to Houston from its starting point in Robstown and reaching Sinton as well. To further expand the southern portions of the Robstown-Brownsville route, the StLB&M acquired the financially troubled San Antonio, Chapin & Rio Grande Railway as well as the San Benito & Rio Grande Valley Railway. In 1913, Yoakum and Lott's dream came to an end when the St. Louis - San Francisco entered receivership.

Upon hearings of the Interstate Commerce Commission, the court ordered the receivers to sell off all of Yoakum's rail projects to recover from lost profits or face entire abandonment. In 1916, the New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railway assumed control of the Gulf Coast Lines and established itself as an independent railway company until 1924; the New Orleans and Mexico Railway Co. was incorporated in 1916 to hold the securities of four railroads: New Orleans, Texas & Mexico. Bonds, issued by the San Francisco & St. Louis Company went into default in 1913. Foreclosure of the liens took place in 1915; the creditors of the bonds reorganized into the new company in 1916. At that time new officers were elected; the new chairman was Frank Andrews of Houston and vice president became G. H. Walker, a banker in St. Louis. Additional officers and directors are set out in the 1916 edition of the Manual of Statistics Handbook; the four railroads owned by the new company were known as the Gulf Coast Lines. G. H. Walker would become the father-in-law of Prescott Bush.

Under the Gulf Coast Lines ownership of the StLB&M, the railway saw no new purchases of rolling stock or locomotives. The last new rail line was completed in 1920 from Brownsville to Texas. Under the presidency of Lewis W. Baldwin of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, the Gulf Coast Lines were acquired in December 1924 and renamed as the Gulf Coast Lines Division; this acquisition now gave the Missouri Pacific access to the southern portions of Texas in competition with the Southern Pacific Railroad and its Atlantic Lines Division. To further expand the Spider Web Rail Network in the Rio Grande Valley, the Missouri Pacific acquired the Rio Grande City Railway under the New Orleans, Texas & Mexico Railroad in 1926; the final acquisition for the Spider Web Rail Network came in 1941 when the former narrow gauged Port Isabel & Rio Grande Valley railway was acquired by the St. Louis, Brownsville & Mexico; the Missouri Pacific declared bankruptcy in 1933 and entered into trusteeship. During the MP/Trusteeship era, the STLB&M continued to expand.

The last new steam locomotive delivered to the StLB&M was Lima 0-8-0 #9766 in 1929. The StLB&M took delivery of its first new diesel-electric locomotive: General Electric 44 Ton #813 in January 1942; the last new diesel-electric locomotive to arrive on the StLB&M was Baldwin AS-16 #4331 in July 1954. After 13 years of trusteeship - the longest of its kind in North American history - the StLB&M were reorganized and merged away into the Missouri Pacific on March 1, 1956, when the United States District Court of St. Louis terminated the trusteeship. Shortly after the merger did the name of'StLB&M' and'Gulf Coast Lines' disappear and various feeder/branch lines were aggressively being abandoned; the StLB&M purchased various lightweight locomotives to serve main lines, branch lines and various feeder lines along the system. Under the Yoakum era, the steam locomotives were lettered "ST. LOUIS BROWNSVILLE & MEXICO" along the upper section of the tender and the reporting marks were applied on the cab.

Under the Gulf Coast Lines era, the steam locomotives were lettered "GULF COAST LINES" along the upper section of the tender, but the railroad's repor