Goal of the Year (AFL)
The Goal of the Year is a competition for the best goal kicked in the Australian Football League during that season. It is run in conjunction with the Mark of the Year competition and is sponsored by Coates Hire; the winner is awarded the Phil Manassa Medal. The concept of awards for the goal and mark of the year is thought to have been initiated in 1970, as an unofficial award given by the media to Alex Jesaulenko following his famous mark in that season's grand final; the official awards were first given in 2001. Eddie Betts has been awarded Goal of the Year on three occasions, the most of any player, is the only player to win the award in consecutive seasons; each week, three of the best goals of the round are selected as nominees. A panel of AFL selectors choose the winning goal of the round. For the first time in 2006, the general public are able to vote for nominated marks via the AFL's website; the results of the public voting are combined with the panel's votes. Any one of the goals of the round is able to win the official Goal of the Year.
The overall winner is selected from the 25 weekly winners by the AFL All Australian selection committee. The winner receives the Phil Manassa Medal, a replica of the perpetual Toyota AFL Goal of the Year Trophy, use of a Toyota Aurion for twelve months, $10,000 for their grassroots football club; the winner will be announced on Grand Final day. Goal of the Year is awarded to a player who creates and scores a difficult goal in play, it has been the quality of the creation of the goal which determines the winner, rather than the difficulty of the shot itself. As such kicking a goal from the boundary line will not guarantee a player Goal of the Year, but if they have roved the ball cleanly off a pack or won the ball by stealing or smothering it from an opponent they will come into Goal of the Year calculations. Players are often rewarded for orchestrating a long run down the field which ends with a big goal on the run: Daniel Kerr in 2003 and Michael McGuane in 1994 are memorable examples. Many of the best goals in the VFL/AFL were featured in a VHS/DVD named Golden Goals.
Legend Legend AFL Goal of the Year Competition YouTube video of the Goals of the Year in 2005 YouTube video of the Goals of the Year in 2002 YouTube video of Robbie Ahmat's Goal of the Year in 2000 YouTube video of Mark Merends's Goal of the Year in 2001 YouTube video of Andrew Bews's Goal of the year in 1985 YouTube video of Peter Bosustow's Goal of the Year in 1981
Australian rules football
Australian rules football known as Australian football, or called Aussie rules, football or footy, is a contact sport played between two teams of eighteen players on an oval-shaped field a modified cricket ground. Points are scored by kicking the oval-shaped ball between behind posts. During general play, players may position themselves anywhere on the field and use any part of their bodies to move the ball; the primary methods are kicking and running with the ball. There are rules on how the ball can be handled: for example, players running with the ball must intermittently bounce or touch it on the ground. Throwing the ball is not allowed and players must not get caught holding the ball. A distinctive feature of the game is the mark, where players anywhere on the field who catch the ball from a kick are awarded possession. Possession of the ball is in dispute at all times except when mark is paid. Players can use their whole body to obstruct opponents. Dangerous physical contact, interference when marking and deliberately slowing the play are discouraged with free kicks, distance penalties or suspension for a certain number of matches, depending on the seriousness of the infringement.
The game features frequent physical contests, spectacular marking, fast movement of both players and the ball and high scoring. The sport's origins can be traced to football matches played in Melbourne, Victoria in 1858, inspired by English public school football games. Seeking to develop a game more suited to adults and Australian conditions, the Melbourne Football Club published the first laws of Australian football in May 1859, making it the oldest of the world's major football codes. Australian football has the highest spectator attendance and television viewership of all sports in Australia, while the Australian Football League, the sport's only professional competition, is the nation's wealthiest sporting body; the AFL Grand Final, held annually at the Melbourne Cricket Ground, is the highest attended club championship event in the world. The sport is played at amateur level in many countries and in several variations, its rules are governed by the AFL Commission with the advice of the AFL's Laws of the Game Committee.
Australian rules football is known by several nicknames, including Aussie rules and footy. In some regions, it is marketed as AFL after the Australian Football League. There is evidence of football being played sporadically in the Australian colonies in the first half of the 19th century. Compared to cricket and horse racing, football was viewed as a minor "amusement" at the time, while little is known about these early one-off games, it is clear they share no causal link with Australian football. In 1858, in a move that would help to shape Australian football in its formative years, "public" schools in Melbourne, Victoria began organising football games inspired by precedents at English public schools; the earliest such match, held in St Kilda on 15 June, was between Melbourne Grammar and St Kilda Grammar. On 10 July 1858, the Melbourne-based Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle published a letter by Tom Wills, captain of the Victoria cricket team, calling for the formation of a "foot-ball club" with a "code of laws" to keep cricketers fit during winter.
Born in Australia, Wills played a nascent form of rugby football whilst a pupil at Rugby School in England, returned to his homeland a star athlete and cricketer. His letter is regarded by many historians as giving impetus for the development of a new code of football today known as Australian football. Two weeks Wills' friend, cricketer Jerry Bryant, posted an advertisement for a scratch match at the Richmond Paddock adjoining the Melbourne Cricket Ground; this was the first of several "kickabouts" held that year involving members of the Melbourne Cricket Club, including Wills, Bryant, W. J. Hammersley and J. B. Thompson. Trees were used as goalposts and play lasted an entire afternoon. Without an agreed upon code of laws, some players were guided by rules they had learned in the British Isles, "others by no rules at all". Another significant milestone in 1858 was a match played under experimental rules between Melbourne Grammar and Scotch College, held at the Richmond Paddock; this 40-a-side contest, umpired by Wills and Scotch College teacher John Macadam, began on 7 August and continued over two subsequent Saturdays, ending in a draw with each side kicking one goal.
It is commemorated with a statue outside the MCG, the two schools have competed annually since in the Cordner-Eggleston Cup, the world's oldest continuous football competition. Since the early 20th century, it has been suggested that Australian football was derived from the Irish sport of Gaelic football, not codified until 1885. There is no archival evidence in favour of a Gaelic influence, the style of play shared between the two modern codes was evident in Australia long before the Irish game evolved in a similar direction. Another theory, first proposed in 1983, posits that Wills, having grown up amongst Aborigines in Victoria, may have seen or played the Aboriginal game of Marn Grook, incorporated some of its features into early Australian football; the evidence for this is only circumstantial, according to biographer Greg de Moore's research, Wills was "almost influenced by his experience at Rugby School". A loosely organised Melbourne side, captained by Wills, played against other football enthusiasts in the winter and spring of 1858.
The following year, on 14 May, the Melbourne Football Club came into being, making it one of the
Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands before British colonisation. The time of arrival of the first Indigenous Australians is a matter of debate among researchers; the earliest conclusively human remains found in Australia are those of Mungo Man LM3 and Mungo Lady, which have been dated to around 50,000 years BP. Recent archaeological evidence from the analysis of charcoal and artefacts revealing human use suggests a date as early as 65,000 BP. Luminescence dating has suggested habitation in Arnhem Land as far back as 60,000 years BP. Genetic research has inferred a date of habitation as early as 80,000 years BP. Other estimates have ranged up to 100,000 years and 125,000 years BP. Although there are a number of commonalities between Indigenous Aboriginal Australians, there is a great diversity among different Indigenous communities and societies in Australia, each with its own mixture of cultures and languages.
In present-day Australia these groups are further divided into local communities. At the time of initial European settlement, over 250 languages were spoken. Aboriginal people today speak English, with Aboriginal phrases and words being added to create Australian Aboriginal English; the population of Indigenous Australians at the time of permanent European settlement is contentious and has been estimated at between 318,000 and 1,000,000 with the distribution being similar to that of the current Australian population, the majority living in the south-east, centred along the Murray River. A population collapse principally from disease followed European settlement beginning with a smallpox epidemic spreading three years after the arrival of Europeans. Massacres and war by British settlers contributed to depopulation; the characterisation of this violence as genocide is controversial and disputed. Since 1995, the Australian Aboriginal Flag and the Torres Strait Islander Flag have been among the official flags of Australia.
The word aboriginal has been in the English language since at least the 16th century to mean, "first or earliest known, indigenous". It comes from the Latin word aborigines, derived from origo; the word was used in Australia to describe its indigenous peoples as early as 1789. It soon became employed as the common name to refer to all Indigenous Australians. While the term Indigenous Australians, has grown since the 1980s to be more inclusive of Torres Strait Islander people, many Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples dislike it, feeling that it is too generic and removes their identity. Being more specific, for example naming the language group, is considered best practice and most respectful. Terms that are considered disrespectful include Aborigine and ATSI The broad term Aboriginal Australians includes many regional groups that identify under names from local Indigenous languages; these include: Murrawarri people -- see Murawari language. Anindilyakwa on Groote Eylandt off Arnhem Land.
These larger groups may be further subdivided. It is estimated that before the arrival of British settlers, the population of Indigenous Australians was 318,000–750,000 across the continent; the Torres Strait Islanders possess a heritage and cultural history distinct from Aboriginal traditions. The eastern Torres Strait Islanders in particular are related to the Papuan peoples of New Guinea, speak a Papuan language. Accordingly, they are not included under the designation "Aboriginal Australians"; this has been another factor in the promotion of the more inclusive term "Indigenous Australians". Six percent of Indigenous Australians identify themselves as Torres Strait Islanders. A further 4% of Indigenous Australians identify themselves as having both Torres Strait Islander and Aboriginal heritage; the Torres Strait Islands comprise over 100 islands which were annexed by Queensland in 1879. Many Indigenous organisations incorporate the phrase "Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander" to highlight the distinctiveness and importance of Torres Strait Islanders in Australia's Indigenous population.
Eddie Mabo was from "Mer" or Murray Island in the Torres Strait, which the famous Mabo decision of 1992 involved. The term "black" has been used to refer to Indigenous Australians since European settlement. While related to skin colour, the term is used today to indicate Aboriginal he
Australia international rules football team
This article concerns the men's team. The Australia international rules football team is Australia's senior representative team in International rules football, a hybrid sport derived from Australian rules football and Gaelic football; the current team is made up of players from the Australian Football League. Although Australian rules football is played around the world at an amateur level, Australia is considered far too strong to compete against at senior level. Hence, selection in the Australian international rules team is the only opportunity that Australian rules footballers have to represent their country; until 2004 the majority of the men's Australian squad was composed of members of the All-Australian team, as well as other outstanding performers from the season. In 2005 the decision was made to select players best suited to the conditions of the hybrid game, which resulted in a younger and quicker team being selected; however this was reverted to the All-Australian model ahead of the 2014 series.
For the 2013 Series only, the decision was made to select an all-Indigenous team, known as the Indigenous All Stars. Competing in the International Rules Series, the only team Australia plays against is the Ireland international rules football team; the series has been played intermittently since 1984. Australian under-age teams have been represented in the past, as well as a women's team in 2006. Australia last hosted the International Rules Series in 2014. 1 Travis Boak 2 Paddy Ryder 3 Michael Hibberd 4 Jack Gunston 5 Kade Simpson 6 Zach Merrett 7 Nat Fyfe 8 Brendon Goddard – Goalkeeper 9 Shaun Burgoyne - Captain 10 Scott Pendlebury 11 Rory Sloane 12 Robbie Tarrant 14 Joel Selwood 15 Dayne Zorko 16 Ben Brown 17 Neville Jetta 18 Eddie Betts 20 Chad Wingard 21 Luke Shuey 22 Shaun Higgins 29 Rory Laird 35 Patrick Dangerfield Toby Greene withdrew from the squad after breaking his toe and Gary Ablett withdrew for personal reasons. Selwood missed the first game due to an ankle injury and Ryder only played the first game, Higgins was added to the team for the second game.
Hayden Ballantyne Eddie Betts Grant Birchall Luke Breust Patrick Dangerfield Dustin Fletcher – Goalkeeper Andrew Gaff Brendon Goddard Robbie Gray Dyson Heppell Luke Hodge – Captain Sam Mitchell Leigh Montagna David Mundy Robert Murphy Nick Riewoldt Tom Rockliff Jarryd Roughead Nick Smith Jake Stringer Harry Taylor Easton Wood Coach – Alastair ClarksonJim Stynes Medal: Harry Taylor Grant Birchall Travis Boak Luke Breust Patrick Dangerfield Dustin Fletcher – Goalkeeper Nathan Fyfe Brendon Goddard Robbie Gray Brent Harvey Luke Hodge Kieren Jack Steve Johnson Jarrad McVeigh Sam Mitchell Leigh Montagna Nic Naitanui Nick Riewoldt Tom Rockliff Joel Selwood – Captain Brodie Smith Harry Taylor Jobe Watson Chad Wingard Coach – Alastair ClarksonJim Stynes Medal: Luke Hodge Tony Armstrong Dom Barry Eddie Betts Aaron Davey Alwyn Davey Shaun Edwards Cam Ellis-Yolmen Lance Franklin Jarrod Harbrow Josh Hill Leroy Jetta Lewis Jetta Nathan Lovett-Murray Ashley McGrath – Goalkeeper Steven Motlop Jake Neade Mathew Stokes Lindsay Thomas Sharrod Wellingham Daniel Wells – Captain Chris Yarran Coach – Michael O'LoughlinJim Stynes Medal: Ashley McGrath Richard Douglas James Frawley Robbie Gray Brad Green – Captain Shaun Grigg James Kelly Jake King Ben McGlynn Trent McKenzie Stephen Milne Angus Monfries Robin Nahas Mark Nicoski Mitch Robinson Liam Shiels Zac Smith Matt Suckling – Goalkeeper Andrew Swallow Jack Trengove Bernie Vince Callan Ward David Wojcinski Easton Wood Joel Patfull Coach – Rodney EadeJim Stynes Medal: James Kelly Todd Banfield Eddie Betts Matthew Boyd Daniel Cross Patrick Dangerfield Paul Duffield Dustin Fletcher – Goalkeeper James Frawley Bryce Gibbs Sam Gilbert Tyson Goldsack Adam Goodes – Captain Brad Green Garrick Ibbotson Kieren Jack Jarrad McVeigh Leigh Montagna Liam Picken Jack Riewoldt Kade Simpson Dane Swan Travis Varcoe David Wojcinski Coach – Mick Malthouse Jim Stynes Medal: Dane Swan Nathan Bock – Goalkeeper #1 M
Kicking is a skill used in many types of football, including: Association football Australian rules football International rules football American football Canadian football Gaelic football Rugby league Rugby unionKicking is the act of propelling a ball by striking it with the foot or, depending upon the sport, the shin. Kicking is most common in Association Football, where only the two goalkeepers are allowed to use their hands, it is the primary method of transferring the ball in Australian rules football and Gaelic football. Whereas most sports allow points to be scored by methods other than kicking, in Australian rules football kicking for goal is the only method allowed to score a goal and get the maximum six point score. Kicking is used less in Rugby League, Rugby Union, American football, Canadian football, may be restricted to specialist positions, but it is still an important tactical skill in each sport; the range of kicking styles available is influenced by the shape of the ball and the rules.
North Melbourne Football Club
The North Melbourne Football Club, nicknamed the Kangaroos or less formally the Roos, the Kangas or North, is the fourth oldest Australian rules football club in the Australian Football League and is one of the oldest sporting clubs in Australia and the world. It is based at the Arden Street Oval in the inner Melbourne suburb of North Melbourne, but plays its home matches at the nearby Docklands Stadium; the club's mascot is a grey kangaroo, its use dates from the middle of the 20th century. The club is unofficially known as "The Shinboners", a term which dates back to its 19th-century abattoir-worker origins; the club's motto is Victoria amat curam, Latin for "Victory Demands Dedication". In two aspects North Melbourne stands second to none. One is the loyalty of its supporters; the other is the determination to carry on, despite its disadvantages. In the face of adversity, which might well have broken the spirit of most men, we find that from the earliest days there were always enthusiasts to fight for North Melbourne.
North Melbourne Football Club originated in the year 1869, when a football team was formed for local cricketers desiring to keep fit over the winter months. One thought is that the club was connected to the St Mary's Church of England Cricket Club, now the St Mary's Anglican Church North Melbourne, whose colours – blue and white – are reflected in the North Melbourne's colours today; the association between the St Mary's Church of England Cricket Club and the establishment of the North Melbourne Football Club is believed to have been an informal gathering to play some competitive sport. Information on the club's first match is limited, but it is known that it took place in Royal Park, which served as the club's home ground until 1882; the ball used in the match was purchased by a local resident called Tom Jacks, who sold some roofing iron to pay for it. James Henry Gardiner is considered the founder of the club, he continued an active role with North Melbourne until his death in 1921. Regular premiership matches of Australian Football commenced in Victoria in 1870.
Although North Melbourne was a part of this, it was classed as a "junior club". The Australasian noted them as being "one of the best of many junior clubs"; the club continued graduating to senior ranks in 1874 finishing 4th. Along with the promotion, the club adopted its first uniform of white horizontal stripes. In 1876 North Melbourne disbanded and many of its player and members joined Albert-park, giving the club such a strong North Melbourne character that many described it as "Albert-park cum North Melbourne". In 1877, the club was re-established as a stand-alone club under the new name of "Hotham". Football took a giant step forward in 1877, with the formation of Victoria's first colonial football league, the VFA. Hotham were prime movers in establishing this league and were afforded a place in light of their previous contributions to Australian Football; the 1880s marked the emergence of the modern identity today. In 1882, the club amalgamated with the Hotham Cricket Club and moved into the North Melbourne Recreation Reserve, which remains the home of the club today.
The joint venture was aimed at affecting improvements at the Hotham Cricket Ground, the name of the Reserve at the time. Four years the club adopted the traditional uniform of blue and white vertical stripes at the insistence of the VFA, who wanted a visible contrast between Geelong's and Hotham's uniforms; the third significant development occurred in 1888 with the club returning to its original name of the North Melbourne Football Club. This followed the name of the local area reverting from Hotham to North Melbourne; the 1880s saw the club develop a penchant for inter-colonial travel with trips to Tasmania and South Australia. Hotham found itself well represented at the first inter-colonial representative game in 1879 with four players from the club gaining selection for Victoria; the VFA grew to 13 senior clubs in the 1890s. Led by Geelong and Essendon, the largest clubs of the VFA formed their own break away league, the Victorian Football League, in 1896. Despite finishing 6th in 1896, North Melbourne was not invited to the breakaway competition.
The main reasons for being excluded were: North had not won a premiership yet, thus was not considered a powerful club The industrialisation of the locality had drained the club's income streams The club had a strong reputation for hooliganism from their fans There was a lot of bad blood between Collingwood and North following a torrid engagement in the previous season Essendon felt threatened by the proximity of North Melbourne A court case against the North Melbourne Cricket Club had damaged the Football Club's statusNorth continued on in the depleted VFA, emerging as a powerhouse, finishing 2nd in 1897, 1898 and 1899. In 1903, after 34 years of competing, the club won its first premiership, defeating Richmond in the final; the club became back to back premiers in 1904 after Richmond forfeited the grand final due to the appointment of an umpire whose performance when the two teams met earlier in the year was criticised by Richmond players and officials. North merged with fellow VFA football club West Melbourne in 1907, which at the time had lost its home ground.
The joint venture saw a chance of promotion, the club applied for admission to the more prestigious VFL in 1908, but Richmond and University were admitted instead. North was kicked out of the VFA during the 1907/08 offseason as a result of applying to join the VFL, before the local community reestablished the North Melbourne Football Club under a new committee enabling the club to play in the VFA in the 1908 season; the reformation of the Club necessitated a
Andrew Swallow is a former professional Australian rules footballer who played for the North Melbourne Football Club in the Australian Football League. He was the captain of North Melbourne from 2012 to 2016, he was North Melbourne's third round draft selection in the 2005 AFL Draft, number 43 overall, from the icn the WAFL. He received a nomination for the NAB Rising Star for his performance against Geelong in Round 17, 2006 when he managed 28 possessions and a goal. Swallow's form improved during the 2007 season gaining high numbers of disposals each week; this culminated in the spectacular 1-point win over Melbourne in Round 9 in which he scored the winning goal. Swallow played the first 3 games in 2008, before being sent back to the VFL to work on his outside run and spread from the stoppages. After some positives performances at North Ballarat Roosters, he injured his ankle during a game and missed 7 weeks. On his return to the VFL he went on to become a crucial member of the Roosters premiership team.
But he was back to his best in 2009 returning to the side to be one of North's finest throughout the season. His disposal has notably improved, he has worked on all aspects of his game to play every game, is now recognised as one of the best tacklers and clearance players in the North Melbourne side, the AFL. On 2 October 2009, Swallow was awarded the Syd Barker Medal by North Melbourne for being the club's best and fairest player for the year, he had another terrific season in 2010 playing all 22 games for the second consecutive season and finishing just one vote behind Brent Harvey and Brady Rawlings for the Syd Barker Medal. In 2011, he would have arguably his best season to date again playing every game and taking home his second Syd Barker Medal which he shared with Daniel Wells, he would be one of four North Melbourne players selected in the 40 man All Australian squad however he missed out on being selected in the final 22. He would however be selected as part of Australian squad for the International Rules series against Ireland.
In February 2012, Swallow was announced captain of North Melbourne Football Club replacing Brent Harvey. As a captain, Andrew Swallow capped off a fantastic year to win the Syd Barker Medal with 60 votes becoming a three time Syd Barker Medalist. In December 2016 it was announced that Jack Ziebell would take over the captaincy role at North Melbourne. By the conclusion of the 2017 season, Andrew Swallow announced his retirement from AFL Statistics are correct to the end of round 9, 2016 Swallow is the older brother of Gold Coast Suns midfielder David Swallow, taken at pick #1 in the 2010 AFL Draft. Swallow was raised in Western Australia attending Rehoboth Christian College. Swallow is a Christian. Andrew Swallow's profile on the official website of the North Melbourne Football Club Andrew Swallow's playing statistics from AFL Tables Andrew Swallow on Twitter