Wu Ming is a pseudonym for a group of Italian authors formed in 2000 from a subset of the Luther Blissett community in Bologna. Four of the group earlier wrote the novel Q. Unlike the open name "Luther Blissett", "Wu Ming" stands for a defined group of writers active in literature and popular culture; the band authored several novels. Their books are seen as part of a body of literary works described as the New Italian Epic, a phrase, proposed by Wu Ming. In Chinese, "wu ming" can mean "anonymous" or, with a different tone on the first syllable, "five people", the pun being part of the reason the collective adopted the name; the name is meant both as a tribute to dissidents and as a rejection of the celebrity-making machine which turns the author into a star. "Wu Ming" is a reference to the third sentence in the Daodejing: "Heaven and Earth's nameless origin". The members of Wu Ming are known as "Wu Ming 1", "Wu Ming 2", "Wu Ming 3", "Wu Ming 4", "Wu Ming 5". Real names are not secret though: Roberto Bui Giovanni Cattabriga Luca Di Meo Federico Guglielmi Riccardo Pedrini The five authors do extensive book tours and appear in public.
However, they refuse to be filmed by the media. On their official website, they do not provide any pictures of themselves. Here is how Wu Ming 1 explained the group's stance in a 2007 interview: Once the writer becomes a face... it's a cannibalistic jumble: that face appears everywhere always out of context. A photo is witness to my absence. A photo paralyses me, it freezes my life into an instant, it negates my ability to transform into something else. I become a "character", a stopgap to hurriedly fill a page layout, an instrument that amplifies banality. On the other hand my voice – with its grain, with its accents, with its imprecise diction, its tonalities, rhythms and vacillations – is witness to a presence when I'm not there. In Wu Ming's official biographical page, the collective denies rumors they once beat up a press photographer: The dates and places vary, but the core of all versions stays the same. Well, it never happened, but it's true that, like Auda abu Tayi in Lawrence of Arabia or King Kong in the famous gala opening scene, we're no camera-mongers.
We don't go on TV either. We are shy. 54 is a complex novel about popular culture, the shattered dreams of the Italian Resistance, the relationship between Europe and America. Background research began in 1999, after the publication of the group's previous novel Q. Plots were outlined in the aftermath of the Kosovo war. Actual writing work ended ten days on the eve of the war in Afghanistan; these two wars are explicitly referred to in the novel's End Titles: "Begun in May 1999, during the Nato bombings of Belgrade. Delivered to the Italian publishers on September 21, 2001, awaiting the escalation"; the events leading to 11 September are allegorically described in the book's forenote. 54 was published in Italy in the springtime of 2002. In the following months, Wu Ming collaborated with Italian folk-rock band Yo Yo Mundi, whose ensuing concept album 54 was directly inspired from the novel. Wu Ming is credited as co-writers for the Italian film Lavorare con lentezza, directed by Guido Chiesa, released in Italy in 2004.
The original title means "Working slowly" and cites a protest song, a popular leftist anthem in the 1970s: "Work / And effortlessly / Work may hurt you / And send you to the hospital / Where there's no bed left / And you may die. / Work / And effortlessly / Health is priceless." The film is set during an actual student uprising that paralysed Bologna for several days in March 1977. Several narrative threads are woven around Radio Alice, the station run by the "creative wing" of the radical Autonomia movement. In the morning of 11 March a brawl involving radical and catholic students escalated to a full-scale riot in the university district; the Carabinieri riot squad attacked and shot down a 25-year-old student called Francesco Lorusso. As a result, thousands of students and activists stormed the centre of the town, clashing with the police and throwing molotov cocktails. On 13 March the premises of Radio Alice were invaded and vandalised by the police, the station was shut down and every member of the staff was arrested.
The film tells the story mixing real anecdotes with semi-fictional characters. Radio Alice has won several awards and prizes at movie festivals all over Europe, including the Marcello Mastroianni Award for the Best Young Actors at the 2004 Venice Film Festival and the First Prize at the 2005 Festival de Cinema Politic in Barcelona, Spain. Manituana is the third of Wu Ming's collectively authored novels, it was written in the 2003–07 period and published in Italy in 2007. It is the first episode of an 18th-century pan-Atlantic trilo
Silvio Berlusconi is an Italian media tycoon and politician who has served as Prime Minister of Italy in four governments. Berlusconi is the controlling shareholder of Mediaset and owned the Italian football club A. C. Milan from 1986 to 2017, he is nicknamed Il Cavaliere for his Order of Merit for Labour, although he voluntarily resigned from this order in March 2014. In 2018, Forbes magazine ranked him as the 190th richest man in the world with a net worth of US$8.0 billion. In 2009, Forbes ranked him 12th in the List of The World's Most Powerful People due to his domination of Italian politics, throughout more than twenty years at the head of the centre-right coalition. Berlusconi was Prime Minister for nine years in total, making him the longest serving post-war Prime Minister of Italy, the third longest-serving since Italian unification, after Benito Mussolini and Giovanni Giolitti, he was the leader of the centre-right party Forza Italia from 1994 to 2009, its successor party The People of Freedom from 2009 to 2013.
Since November 2013, he has led a revived Forza Italia. Berlusconi was the senior G8 leader from 2009 until 2011 and he holds the record for hosting G8 Summits. After serving nearly 19 years as member of the Chamber of Deputies, Italy's lower house, after the 2013 general election he became a member of the Senate. On 1 August 2013, he was convicted of tax-fraud by the court of final instance, Court of Cassation, confirming his four-year prison sentence along with a public office ban for two years; as his age exceeded 70 years, he was exempted from direct imprisonment, instead served his sentence by doing unpaid social community work. Because he had been sentenced to a gross imprisonment for more than two years, a new Italian anti-corruption law led to the Senate expelling and barring him from serving in any legislative office for six years. Berlusconi has pledged to stay leader of Forza Italia throughout his custodial sentence and public office ban. Berlusconi still remains a controversial figure who divides political analysts.
Berlusconi was the first person to assume the premiership without having held any prior government or administrative offices. He is known for brash, overbearing personality. In his long tenure, he was accused of being an authoritarian leader and a strongman. Supporters emphasize his leadership skills and charismatic power, his fiscal policy based on tax reduction, his ability to maintain strong and close foreign relations with both the United States and Russia. In general, critics address his performance as a politician, the ethics of his government practices in relation to his business holdings. Issues with the former include accusations of having mismanaged the state budget and of increasing the Italian government debt; the second criticism concerns his vigorous pursuit of his personal interests while in office, including benefitting from his own companies' growth due to policies promoted by his governments, having vast conflicts of interest due to ownership of a media empire with which he has restricted freedom of information and being blackmailed as leader because of his turbulent private life.
Berlusconi was born in Milan in 1936. His father, Luigi Berlusconi, was a bank employee, his mother, Rosa Bossi, a housewife. Silvio was the first of three children. After completing his secondary school education at a Salesian college, he studied law at the Università Statale in Milan, graduating in 1961, with a thesis on the legal aspects of advertising. Berlusconi was not required to serve the standard one-year stint in the Italian army, compulsory at the time. During his university studies, he was an upright bass player in a group formed with the now Mediaset Chairman and amateur pianist Fedele Confalonieri and performed as a cruise ship crooner. In life, he wrote A. C. Milan's anthem with the Italian music producer and pop singer Tony Renis and Forza Italia's anthem with the opera director Renato Serio. With the Neapolitan singer Mariano Apicella, he wrote two Neapolitan song albums: Meglio'na canzone in 2003 and L'ultimo amore in 2006. In 1965, he married Carla Elvira Dall'Oglio, they had two children: Maria Elvira, better known as Marina, Pier Silvio.
By 1980, Berlusconi had established a relationship with the actress Veronica Lario, with whom he subsequently had three children: Barbara and Luigi. He was divorced from Dall'Oglio in 1985, married Lario in 1990. By this time, Berlusconi was a well-known entrepreneur, his wedding was a notable social event. One of his best men was Bettino Craxi, a former prime minister and leader of the Italian Socialist Party. In May 2009, Lario announced. On 28 December 2012, Berlusconi was ordered to pay his ex-wife Veronica Lario $48 million a year in a divorce settlement, filed Christmas Day, he will keep the $100 million house they live in with their three children. In addition to his five children, Berlusconi has ten grandchildren. In April 2017, Berlusconi appeared in a video promoting a vegetarian Easter campaign. Berlusconi was shown cuddling lambs he had adopted to save from slaughtering for the traditional Easter Sunday feast, he has neither confirmed nor denied whether he himself is a vegetarian, however.
Berlusconi's business career began in construction. In the l
Lelio Luttazzi was an Italian composer, actor, conductor and television and radio presenter. Born in Trieste, Luttazzi began playing the piano at Radio Trieste and composing his first songs when he was student in law at the University of Trieste during the Second World War. After the war, he had from SIAE a gain of 350,000 lire, a considerable sum for the time, so he decided to become a full-time composer and in 1948 he moved to Milan where he began working with fellow Teddy Reno at the record company CGD, he was among the first composers to place jazz structures in the Italian songs. A multifaceted artist, he worked in revues and cinema as composer of soundtracks. In the early 1970s Luttazzi was involved together with Walter Chiari in a story of drug dealing. Official website Lelio Luttazzi at AllMusic Lelio Luttazzi discography at Discogs Lelio Luttazzi on IMDb
Roberto Faenza is an Italian film director. Born in Turin in 1943, Faenza received a degree in Political Science and a diploma at the Centro Sperimentale di Cinematografia, he made his directing debut in 1968 with the international success, Escalation, a film that describes the different sides of power through the relationship between a middle-class father and his hippie son. After that he directed H2S, an angry apology of the 1968 movement, seized two days after its release and not distributed since. Upon this sequestration he travelled to the United States to teach at the Federal City College of Washington DC. In 1978 he directed Forza Italia!, a ferocious satire on the power of the Italian Christian Democrat party covering thirty years of Italian political history. The film was withdrawn from the theatres on the day Aldo Moro, President of the Christian Democrats, was kidnapped, remains banned for over 15 years. Aldo Moro being the one who will end his life recommending to see the film “if one wants to realize the recklessness of his fellow party members”.
In 1980 Faenza chose the Italian Communist Party as subject matter with Si salvi chi vuole. Considered as a politically incorrect director, he was forced to work outside of Italy to be able to find financing: in 1983 he filmed Copkiller in New York City with Harvey Keitel, Nicole Garcia and the leader of the Sex Pistols, Johnny Rotten, his activities are not limited to cinema: author of essays and books, upon his return in Italy he starts teaching Mass Communication at Pisa University. After Copkiller he became inspired by literature as a source of stories. In 1990 he directed The Bachelor, based on a short story by Arthur Schnitzler with a wide cast of profiled actors: Keith Carradine, Miranda Richardson, Kristin Scott Thomas and Max von Sydow. In 1993 he directed Jonah Who Lived in the Whale starring actress Juliet Aubrey for which he was awarded the David di Donatello for Best Director; the film was entered into the 18th Moscow International Film Festival where it won the Prix of Ecumenical Jury.
Two years another novel was the source: Sostiene Pereira, Marcello Mastroianni’s last Italian film, the latter awarded with a David di Donatello as Best Leading Actor. In 1997 he directed Marianna Ucria based on the novel La lunga vita di Marianna Ucria by Dacia Maraini, it was entered into the 20th Moscow International Film Festival. In 1999 he directed The Lost Lover, inspired by the bestseller by Abraham B. Yehoshua about the ongoing clash between Jews and Palestinians. In 2003 he received international success with The Soul Keeper, based on the burning passion between Carl Gustav Jung and his young Russian patient Sabina Spielrein, his most recent films are: Come into the Light, about the life of Pino Puglisi, the parish priest killed in Palermo by the Mafia in 1993, played by Luca Zingaretti. I Vicerè based on the 1894 novel by Federico De Roberto was released in 2007, his last film is Someday This Pain Will Be Useful to You, shot in New York and based on the novel by Peter Cameron, starred Ellen Burstyn and Marcia Gay Harden.
Starring in the film was Toby Regbo, Peter Gallagher, Deborah Ann Woll, Lucy Liu and Stephen Lang. Roberto Faenza on IMDb
Heywood "Woody" Allen is an American director, writer and comedian whose career spans more than six decades. He began his career as a comedy writer in the 1950s, writing jokes and scripts for television and publishing several books of short humor pieces. In the early 1960s, Allen began performing as a stand-up comedian, emphasizing monologues rather than traditional jokes; as a comedian, he developed the persona of an insecure, fretful nebbish, which he maintains is quite different from his real-life personality. In 2004, Comedy Central ranked Allen fourth on a list of the 100 greatest stand-up comedians, while a UK survey ranked Allen as the third-greatest comedian. By the mid-1960s, Allen was writing and directing films, first specializing in slapstick comedies before moving into dramatic material influenced by European art cinema during the 1970s, alternating between comedies and dramas to the present, he is identified as part of the New Hollywood wave of filmmakers of the mid-1960s to late 1970s.
Allen stars in his films in the persona he developed as a standup. Some of the best-known of his over 50 films are Annie Hall, Manhattan and Her Sisters, Crimes and Misdemeanors. In 2007 he said Stardust Memories, The Purple Rose of Cairo, Match Point were his best films. Critic Roger Ebert described Allen as "a treasure of the cinema". Allen has received many honors throughout his career, he has won four Academy Awards: three for one for Best Director. He garnered nine British Academy Film Awards, his screenplay for Annie Hall was named the funniest screenplay by the Writers Guild of America in its list of the "101 Funniest Screenplays". In 2011, PBS televised the film biography Woody Allen: A Documentary on the American Masters TV series. In 1992 Dylan Farrow accused Allen of molesting her, an accusation he has denied; the accusation gained new life with the rise of the Me Too movement. In 2019 Amazon canceled the release of his film A Rainy Day in New York, filmed in 2017. Allen is suing Amazon for breach of contract for $68 million.
He is shooting a film in Spain. Allen was born Allan Stewart Konigsberg in the Brooklyn borough of New York City, he and his sister, were raised in Midwood, Brooklyn. He is the son of Nettie, a bookkeeper at her family's delicatessen, Martin Konigsberg, a jewelry engraver and waiter, his family was Jewish, his grandparents immigrated to the US from Russia and Austria and spoke Yiddish and German. Both of Allen's parents were raised on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, his childhood was not happy. Allen spoke German quite a bit in his early years, he would joke that when he was young he was sent to inter-faith summer camps. While attending Hebrew school for eight years, he went to Public School 99 and to Midwood High School, where he graduated in 1953. Unlike his comic persona, he was more interested in baseball than school and his strong arms ensured he was first to be picked for a team, he impressed students with his extraordinary talent with magic tricks. For pay, he wrote jokes for agent David O. Alber.
At the age of 17, he changed his name to Heywood Allen and began to call himself Woody Allen. According to Allen, his first published joke read: "Woody Allen says he ate at a restaurant that had O. P. S. Prices—over people's salaries." He was earning more. After high school, he attended New York University, studying communication and film in 1953, before dropping out after failing the course "Motion Picture Production", he left before the end of the first semester. He taught himself rather than studying in the classroom, he taught at The New School and studied with writing teacher Lajos Egri.p.74 Allen began writing short jokes when he was 15, the following year began sending them to various Broadway writers to see if they'd be interested in buying any. He began going by the name "Woody Allen". One of those writers was Abe Burrows, coauthor of Guys and Dolls, who wrote, "Wow! His stuff was dazzling." Burrows wrote Allen letters of introduction to Sid Caesar, Phil Silvers, Peter Lind Hayes, who sent Allen a check for just the jokes Burrows included as samples.
As a result of the jokes Allen mailed to various writers, he was invited age 19, to join the NBC Writer's Development Program in 1955, followed by a job on The NBC Comedy Hour in Los Angeles. He was hired as a full-time writer for humorist Herb Shriner earning $25 a week, he began writing scripts for The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show, specials for Sid Caesar post-Caesar's Hour, other television shows.p.111 By the time he was working for Caesar, he was earning $1,500 a week. He worked alongside Mel Brooks, Carl Reiner, Larry Gelbart, Neil Simon, he worked with Danny Simon, whom Allen credits for helping form his writing style. In 1962 alone he estimated. Allen wrote for the Candid Camera television show, appeared in some episodes, he wrote jokes for the Buddy Hackett sitcom Stanley and for The Pat Boone Chevy Showroom, in 1958 he co-wrote a few Sid Caesar specials with Larry Gelbart. After writing for many of television's leading comedians and comedy shows, All
Christopher Julius Rock III is an American comedian, writer and director. After working as a standup comic and appearing in small film roles, Rock came to wider prominence as a cast member of Saturday Night Live in the early 1990s, he went on to more prominent film appearances, with starring roles in Down to Earth, Head of State, The Longest Yard, the Madagascar film series, Grown Ups, its sequel Grown Ups 2, Top Five, a series of acclaimed comedy specials for HBO. He developed and narrated the sitcom Everybody Hates Chris, based on his early life. Rock hosted the 77th Academy Awards in 2005 and the 88th in 2016, he has won four Emmy Awards and three Grammy Awards. He was voted the fifth-greatest stand-up comedian in a poll conducted by Comedy Central, he was voted in the United Kingdom as the ninth-greatest stand-up comic on Channel 4's 100 Greatest Stand-Ups in 2007, again in the updated 2010 list as the eighth-greatest stand-up comic. Christopher Julius Rock III was born in Andrews, South Carolina on February 7, 1965.
Shortly after his birth, his parents moved to the Crown Heights neighborhood of New York. A few years they relocated and settled in the working-class area of Bedford–Stuyvesant, his mother, was a teacher and social worker for the mentally handicapped. Julius died in 1988 after ulcer surgery. Rock's younger brothers Tony and Jordan are in the entertainment business, his older half-brother, died in 2006 after a long struggle with alcoholism. Rock has said that he was influenced by the performing style of his paternal grandfather, Allen Rock, a preacher. Rock's family history was profiled on the PBS series African American Lives 2 in 2008. A DNA test showed that he is of Cameroonian descent from the Udeme people of northern Cameroon. Rock's great-great-grandfather, Julius Caesar Tingman, was a slave for 21 years before serving in the American Civil War as part of the United States Colored Troops. During the 1940s, Rock's paternal grandfather moved from South Carolina to New York City to become a taxicab driver and preacher.
Rock was bused to schools in predominately white neighborhoods of Brooklyn, where he endured bullying and beatings from white students. As he got older, the bullying became worse and Rock's parents pulled him out of James Madison High School, he dropped out of high school altogether, but he earned a GED. Rock worked menial jobs at various fast-food restaurants. Rock began doing stand-up comedy in 1984 in New York City's Catch a Rising Star, he rose up the ranks of the comedy circuit in addition to earning bit roles in the film I’m Gonna Git You Sucka and the TV series Miami Vice. Upon seeing his act at a nightclub, Eddie Murphy mentored the aspiring comic. Murphy gave Rock his first film role in Beverly Hills Cop II. Rock became a cast member of the popular sketch comedy series Saturday Night Live in 1990, he and other new cast members Chris Farley, Adam Sandler, Rob Schneider and David Spade became known as the Bad Boys of SNL. In 1991, he released his first comedy album, Born Suspect and won acclaim for his role as a crack addict in the film New Jack City.
His tenure on SNL gave Rock national exposure. With plans to leave Saturday Night Live after the 1992-93 season, Rock was "fired" from the show. Beginning that fall, he appeared in six episodes of the predominantly African-American sketch show In Living Color as a special guest star; the show was canceled a month. Rock wrote and starred in the low-budget comedy CB4, which made $18 million against its budget of $6 million. Rock starred in his first HBO comedy special in 1994 titled Big Ass Jokes as part of HBO Comedy Half-Hour, his second special, 1996's Bring the Pain, made Rock one of the most acclaimed and commercially successful comedians in the industry. Rock gained large critical acclaim; the most well-known and controversial piece of the special was "Niggas vs. Black People". Adding to his popularity was his much-publicized role as a commentator for Comedy Central's Politically Incorrect during the 1996 Presidential elections, for which he earned another Emmy nomination. Rock was the voice for the "Lil Penny" puppet, the alter ego to basketball star Penny Hardaway in a series of Nike shoe commercials from 1994–1998, hosted the'97 MTV Video Music Awards.
Rock had two more HBO comedy specials: Bigger & Blacker in 1999, Never Scared in 2004. Articles relating to both specials called Rock "the funniest man in America" in Time and Entertainment Weekly. HBO aired his talk show, The Chris Rock Show, which gained critical acclaim for Rock's interviews with celebrities and politicians; the show won an Emmy for writing. His television work has won him a total of 15 nominations. By the end of the decade, Rock was established as one of the preeminent stand-up comedians and comic minds of his generation. During this time, Rock translated his comedy into print form in the book Rock This! and released the Grammy Award-winning comedy albums, Roll with the New, Bigger & Blacker and Never Scared. Rock's fifth HBO special, Kill the Messenger, premiered on September 27, 2008, won him another Emmy for outstanding writing for a variety or music program. On October 30, 2016, Netflix announced that they would be releasing two new stand-up comedy specials from Rock, with Rock being paid $40 million per special.
The first special, Chris Rock: Tamborine, was released on Netflix on February 14, 2018, it was filmed at the Brooklyn Academy of Music. The specials m
John William Carson was an American television host, comedian and producer. He is best known as the host of The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson. Carson received six Emmy Awards, the Television Academy's 1980 Governor's Award, a 1985 Peabody Award, he was inducted into the Television Academy Hall of Fame in 1987. Carson was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1992 and received a Kennedy Center Honor in 1993. During World War II, Carson served in the Navy. After the war, Carson started a career in radio. Although his show was successful by the end of the 1960s, during the 1970s, Carson became an American icon and remained so after his retirement in 1992, he adopted a casual, conversational approach with extensive interaction with guests, an approach pioneered by Arthur Godfrey and previous Tonight Show hosts Steve Allen and Jack Paar. Former late-night host and friend David Letterman has cited Carson's influence. John William Carson was born on October 23, 1925, in Corning, Iowa, to Ruth Elizabeth Carson and Homer Lloyd "Kit" Carson, a power company manager.
He grew up in the nearby towns of Avoca and Red Oak in southwest Iowa before moving to Norfolk, Nebraska, at the age of eight. There, Carson began developing his talent for entertaining. At the age of 12, Carson found a book on magic at a friend's house and purchased a mail-order magician's kit. After the purchase of the kit, Carson practiced his entertainment skills on family members with card tricks, he was known for following his family members around saying, "Pick a card, any card." Carson's mother sewed him a cape, his first performance was staged in front of the local Kiwanis Club. He was paid $3 a show. Soon, many other performances at local picnics and country fairs followed. After graduating from high school, Carson had his first encounter with Hollywood, he hitchhiked to Hollywood, where he was arrested and fined $50 for impersonating a midshipman, a story regarded as apocryphal. "Johnny embarked on an adventure, one so laden with implications about his future, that some have wondered if the escapade might not be a legend."
Carson joined the United States Navy on June 8, 1943, received V-12 Navy College Training Program officer training at Columbia University and Millsaps College. Commissioned an ensign late in the war, Carson was assigned to the USS Pennsylvania in the Pacific. While in the Navy, Carson posted a 10–0 amateur boxing record, with most of his bouts fought on board the Pennsylvania, he was en route to the combat zone aboard a troop ship when the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki ended the war. Carson served as a communications officer in charge of decoding encrypted messages, he said that the high point of his military career was performing a magic trick for United States Secretary of the Navy James V. Forrestal. In a conversation with Forrestal, the Secretary asked Carson if he planned to stay in the Navy after the war. In response, Carson told him he wanted to be a magician. Forrestal asked him to perform, Carson responded with a card trick. Carson made the discovery that he could entertain and amuse someone as cranky and sophisticated as Forrestal.
To take advantage of the educational opportunities from the Navy, Carson attended the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, where he joined Phi Gamma Delta fraternity and continued performing magic. He majored in journalism with the intention of becoming a comedy writer. Instead, he switched his major to speech and drama a few months because he wanted to become a radio performer. Carson's college thesis, titled "How to Write Comedian Jokes", was a compilation of taped skits and jokes from popular radio shows with Carson explaining the comedic technique in a voice-over, it allowed him to graduate in three years. Carson graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in radio and speech with a minor in physics in 1949. Carson began his broadcasting career in 1950 at WOW television in Omaha. Carson soon hosted. One of his routines involved interviewing pigeons on the roof of the local courthouse that would report on the political corruption they had seen. Carson supplemented his income by serving as master of ceremonies at local church dinners, attended by some of the same politicians and civic leaders whom he had lampooned on the radio.
The wife of one of the Omaha political figures Carson spoofed owned stock in a radio station in Los Angeles, in 1951 referred Carson to her brother, influential in the emerging television market in Southern California. Carson joined CBS-owned Los Angeles television station KNXT. In 1953, comic Red Skelton—a fan of Carson's "cult success" low-budget sketch comedy show, Carson's Cellar on KNXT—asked Carson to join his show as a writer. In 1954, Skelton accidentally knocked himself unconscious during rehearsal an hour before his live show began. Carson successfully filled in for him. In 1955, Jack Benny invited Carson to appear on one of his programs during the opening and closing segments. Carson imitated claimed that Benny had copied his gestures. Benny predicted. Carson hosted several shows besides Carson's Cellar, including the game show Earn Your Vacation and the CBS variety show The Johnny Carson Show, he was a guest panelist on the original To Tell the Truth starting in 1960 becoming a regular panelist from 1961 until 1962.
After the primetime The Johnny Carson Show failed, he moved to New York City to host ABC-TV's Who Do You Trust? known as Do You Trust Your Wife