Princess Isabella of Denmark
Princess Isabella of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the second child and elder daughter of Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary. She is the fourth grandchild and oldest granddaughter of Queen Margrethe II and her husband, the late Prince Henrik, she was the first girl born into the Danish royal family since the birth of her grandaunt, Queen Anne-Marie of Greece, in 1946. She is third in the line of succession to the Danish throne, after her father and her older brother, Prince Christian. Princess Isabella was born at Rigshospitalet, the Copenhagen University Hospital, in Copenhagen, to Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary. At noon on 22 April, a 21-gun salute was fired from the Sixtus Battery at Holmen Naval Base in Copenhagen and from Kronborg Castle in North Zealand to mark her birth. Isabella's christening took place on 1 July 2007, at the chapel of Fredensborg Palace, her name was announced as Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe, after the Danish queen consort and ancestress Isabella of Austria, the princess's maternal grandmother, paternal great-grandmother, paternal grandmother respectively.
Her godparents were Queen Mathilde of Belgium, Princess Alexia of Greece and Denmark, Nadine Johnston, Christian Buchwald, Peter Heering, Marie Louise Skeel. On 20 December 2007, as he had done the previous year for Prince Christian, Per Stig Møller, Denmark's Minister for Foreign Affairs, formally wrote and signed a hand-written document confirming Isabella's position as third in the line of succession to the Danish throne; the princess's full name, dates of birth and christening, the names of her godparents were recorded as dictated by the Royal Law of 1799. On 13 August 2013, Isabella started school at Tranegårdsskolen in Gentofte, the same public school as her older brother. Isabella is styled as Her Royal Highness Princess Isabella of Countess of Monpezat, she has been Princess of Denmark since birth and Countess of Monpezat since 29 April 2008, when Queen Margrethe granted the title to her male-line descendants. Official website New Danish princess named Isabella
Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark. Frederik is the heir apparent to the throne, which means that should Frederik succeed, she will automatically become Queen of Denmark; the couple met at the Slip Inn, a pub in Sydney when the prince was visiting Australia during the 2000 Summer Olympics. Their official engagement in 2003 and their marriage the following year was the subject of extensive attention from Australian and European news media, which portrayed the marriage as a modern "fairytale" romance between a prince and a commoner. Mary Elizabeth Donaldson was born the youngest of four children to Scottish parents, Henrietta, an executive assistant to the vice-chancellor of the University of Tasmania, John Dalgleish Donaldson, a mathematics professor, her paternal grandfather was Captain Peter Donaldson. She was named after her grandmothers, Mary Dalgleish and Elizabeth Gibson Melrose, was born and raised in Hobart, Australia.
During her childhood, she was involved in sports and other extracurricular activities both at school and elsewhere. She studied music – playing piano and clarinet – and played basketball and hockey, her mother died on 20 November 1997. In 2001, her father married novelist Susan Horwood. In 1974, Donaldson started schooling in Clear Lake City Elementary School in Houston and moved to Sandy Bay, Tasmania from 1975 to 1977, her primary education, from 1978 to 1983, was at Waimea Heights with her secondary schooling being at Taroona High School, matriculation at Hobart College. She studied at the University of Tasmania from 1990 to 1994, graduating with a combined Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Laws degree on 27 May 1995. Between 1994 and 1996, she attended a graduate program and qualified with certificates in advertising from the Advertising Federation of Australia and direct marketing from the Australian Direct Marketing Association, her native language is English, she studied French during her secondary education.
In 2002, she worked as an English tutor in Paris. After meeting Frederik at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney, Donaldson studied Danish as a foreign language at Studieskolen in Copenhagen in 2003, she worked for Australian and global advertising agencies after graduating in 1995. Upon graduation she moved to Melbourne to work in advertising, she became a trainee in marketing and communications with the Melbourne office of DDB Needham, taking a position of account executive. In 1996, she was employed by Mojo Partners as an account manager. In 1998, six months after her mother's death, she travelled to America and Europe. In Edinburgh, she worked for three months as an account manager with Rapp Collins Worldwide. In June 2000, she moved to a smaller Australian agency, Love Branding, working for a short time as the company's first account director. However, in the spring of 2000 until December 2001, she became sales director and a member of the management team of Belle Property, a real estate firm specialising in luxury property.
In the first half of 2002 Donaldson taught English at a business school in Paris but, on moving to Denmark permanently, she was employed by Microsoft Business Solutions near Copenhagen as a project consultant for business development and marketing. Donaldson met Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Summer Olympics on 16 September in Sydney, he was not identified by her friends as the Crown Prince of Denmark. They conducted a long-distance relationship and Frederik made a number of discreet visits to Australia. On 15 November 2001 the Danish weekly magazine Billed Bladet named Mary as Frederik's girlfriend, she moved from Australia to Denmark in December 2001, while she was working as an English tutor in Paris. On 24 September 2003 the Danish court announced that Queen Margrethe II intended to give her consent to the marriage at the State Council meeting scheduled for 8 October 2003. Frederik presented her with an engagement ring featuring an emerald-cut diamond and two emerald-cut ruby baguettes, which are similar to the colour of Denmark's flag.
The couple became engaged on 8 October 2003. Donaldson and Crown Prince Frederik married on 14 May 2004 in Copenhagen Cathedral, in Copenhagen, she wore a wedding gown designed by Danish designer Uffe Frank and had a small bridal party which included her two sisters and her friend Amber Petty, a radio announcer on commercial radio in Australia. Frederik was supported by his brother Prince Joachim. Three of her nieces and Kate Stephens and Madisson Woods, were flower girls; the wedding was celebrated at Fredensborg Palace. The couple spent their honeymoon in Africa; the couple have four children: Prince Christian Valdemar Henri John, born 15 October 2005 at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen Princess Isabella Henrietta Ingrid Margrethe, born 21 April 2007 at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen Prince Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander, born 8 January 2011 at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen Princess Josephine Sophia Ivalo Mathilda, born 8 January 2011 at Rigshospitalet in CopenhagenThe Danish Folketing passed a special law giving Donaldson Danish citizenship upon her marriage, a standard procedure for new foreign members of the royal family.
An heir apparent or heiress apparent is a person, first in a line of succession and cannot be displaced from inheriting by the birth of another person. An heir presumptive, by contrast, is someone, first in line to inherit a title but who can be displaced by the birth of a more eligible heir. Today these terms most describe heirs to hereditary titles or offices when only inheritable by a single person. Most monarchies refer to the heir apparent of their thrones with the descriptive term of crown prince but these heirs may be accorded with a more specific substantive title, such as Prince of Orange in the Netherlands, Duke of Brabant in Belgium, Prince of Asturias in Spain, or Prince of Wales in the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. In France the title was le Dauphin, in Imperial Russia; the term is used metaphorically to indicate an "anointed" successor to any position of power, e.g. a political or corporate leader. This article describes the term heir apparent in a hereditary system regulated by laws of primogeniture—as opposed to cases where a monarch has a say in naming the heir.
In a hereditary system governed by some form of primogeniture, an heir apparent is identifiable as the person whose position as first in the line of succession to a title or office is secure, regardless of future births. An heir presumptive, by contrast, can always be "bumped down" in the succession by the birth of somebody more related in a legal sense to the current title-holder; the clearest example occurs in the case of a holder of a hereditary title, one that can only be inherited by a single person, with no children. If at any time he were to produce children, they rank ahead of whatever more "distant" relative had been heir presumptive. Many legal systems assume childbirth is always possible regardless of health. In such circumstances a person may be, in a practical sense, the heir apparent but still speaking, heir presumptive. Indeed, when Queen Victoria succeeded her uncle King William IV, the wording of the proclamation gave as a caveat:...saving the rights of any issue of his late Majesty King William IV, which may be born of his late Majesty's consort.
This provided for the possibility that William's wife, Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, was pregnant at the moment of his death, since such a posthumous child, regardless of its sex, would have displaced Victoria from the throne. Adelaide was 44 at the time, so pregnancy was possible if unlikely. Daughters may inherit titles that descend according to male-preference primogeniture, but only in default of sons; that is, both female and male offspring have the right to a place somewhere in the order of succession, but when it comes to what that place is, a female will rank behind her brothers regardless of their ages or her age. Thus even an only daughter will not be heir apparent, since at any time a brother might be born who, though younger, would assume that position. Hence, she is an heir presumptive. For example, Queen Elizabeth II was heir presumptive during the reign of her father, King George VI, because at any stage up to his death, George could have fathered a legitimate son. In a system of absolute primogeniture that disregards gender, female heirs apparent occur.
As succession to titles, positions, or offices in the past most favoured males than females, females considered to be an heir apparent were rare. Absolute primogeniture was not practised by any modern monarchy for succession to their thrones until the late twentieth century with Sweden being the first to adopt absolute primogeniture in 1980 and other Western European monarchies following suit. Since the adoption of absolute primogeniture by contemporary Western European monarchies, examples of female heirs apparent include: Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Princess Catharina-Amalia of the Netherlands, Princess Elisabeth of Belgium. Princess Ingrid Alexandra of Norway is heir apparent to her father, Victoria herself has a female heir apparent in her oldest child, Princess Estelle. Victoria was not heir apparent from birth, but gained the status in 1980 following a change in the Swedish Act of Succession, her younger brother Carl Philip was thus heir apparent for a few months. In 2015, pursuant to the 2011 Perth Agreement, the Commonwealth realms changed the rules of succession to the 16 thrones of Elizabeth II to absolute primogeniture, except for male heirs born before the Perth Agreement.
The effects are not to be felt for many years. But in legal systems that apply male-preference primogeniture, female heirs apparent are by no means impossible: if a male heir apparent dies leaving no sons but at least one daughter the eldest daughter would replace her father as heir apparent to whatever throne or title is concerned, but only when it has become clear that the widow of the deceased is not pregnant; as the representative of her father's line she would assume a place ahead of any more distant relatives. Such a situation has not to date occurred with the British throne.
Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, is the heir apparent to the throne of Denmark. Frederik is the late Henrik, Prince Consort. Frederik was born at Rigshospitalet the Copenhagen University Hospital in Copenhagen, on 26 May 1968, to the Princess Margrethe, oldest daughter of Frederick IX and heir presumptive to the Danish throne, Prince Henrik. At the time of his birth, his maternal grandfather was on the throne of Denmark and his matrilineal great-grandfather was on the throne of Sweden, he was baptized on 24 June 1968, in Copenhagen. He was christened Frederik after his maternal grandfather, King Frederick IX, continuing the Danish royal tradition of the heir apparent being named either Frederik or Christian, his middle names honour André de Laborde de Monpezat. He became Crown Prince of Denmark when his mother succeeded to the throne as Margrethe II on 14 January 1972. Frederik attended primary school at Krebs' Skole during the years 1974–1981, from 1974–1976 as a private pupil at Amalienborg Palace, from the third form at Krebs' Skole.
In the period 1982 -- 1983, he was a boarder at École des Roches in France. In 1986, Frederik graduated from the upper secondary school of Øregaard Gymnasium, his mother tongue is Danish. In addition he is fluent in French and German. In 1986 he began a course in Political Science at Aarhus University; this included a year at Harvard University under the name of Frederik Henriksen, studying political science. He took up a position for three months with the Danish UN mission in New York in 1994. In 1995, he obtained his MSc degree in Political Science from Aarhus University, he completed the course in the prescribed number of years with an exam result above average, thus becoming the first royal to obtain a master's degree. His final paper was an analysis on the foreign policy of the Baltic States, which he had visited several times during his studies; the prince was posted as First Secretary to the Danish Embassy in Paris from October 1998 to October 1999. Frederik has completed extensive military studies and training in all three services, notably completing the education as frogman in the naval elite special operations forces.
In the period 2001 and 2002, he completed further training for leaders at the Royal Danish Defence College. Frederik remains active in the defence services, in the period 2002–2003 served as a staff officer at Defence Command Denmark, from 2003 as a senior lecturer with the Institute of Strategy at the Royal Danish Defence College; the Royal Life Guard 1986. Lieutenant in the Reserve 1988. Reconnaissance Platoon Commander with the Royal Guard Hussars’ Regiment 1988. First Lieutenant in the Reserve 1989. Royal Danish Navy Frømandskorpset 1995. First Lieutenant in the Reserve 1995. Captain in the Reserve 1997. Lieutenant Commander in the Reserve 1997. Royal Danish Air Force Flying School 2000 Captain in the Reserve 2000. Command and General Staff Course, Royal Danish Defence College 2001–2002. Commander and Major 2002. Staff Officer, Defence Command Denmark 2002–2003. Senior lecturer with the Institute of Strategy at the Royal Danish Defence College, 2003–. Commander, senior grade, lieutenant colonel 2004.
Captain, Colonel 2010. Rear Admiral, Major General 2015. In the Council of State on 8 October 2003, Queen Margrethe gave her consent to the marriage of Crown Prince Frederik to Mary Elizabeth Donaldson, an Australian marketing consultant whom the prince had met while attending the Sydney Olympics in 2000, their wedding took place on 14 May 2004 at Copenhagen. The couple have four children: Christian. Frederik has a special interest in climate change and sustainability, he was interviewed by Financial Times and CNN International, in the Future Cities program, for their commitment to sustainability. He participated in expeditions and events on climate; the prince has represented Denmark as a promoter of sustainable Danish energy. The prince was one of the authors of the Polartokt Kongelig, about the challenges of climate, published in 2009 with a preface written by Kofi Annan. In 2010, wrote the book's foreword Naturen og klimaændringerne i Nordøstgrønland. Supports scientific research projects, as a patron, as expeditionary, with regular attendance at events and through his foundation, Kronprins Frederiks Fond.
The prince encourages Danish participation in sports. He is a patron and honorary member of various sports organizations, a member of the International Olympic Committee, he promotes an active lifestyle in society. Frederik is an avid sportsman, running marathons in Copenhagen, New York and Paris, completing the 42 kilometers with a respectable time of 3 hours, 22 minutes and 50 seconds in the Copenhagen Marathon. In 2013 he completed the KMD Ironman Copenhage
Prince Christian of Denmark
Prince Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat is the eldest child of Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary. A grandson of Queen Margrethe II, he is second in the line of succession to the Danish throne, after his father. Prince Christian was born at 1:57 am in Rigshospitalet, the Copenhagen University Hospital, in Copenhagen on Saturday, 15 October 2005. At noon on the day of his birth 21-gun salutes were fired from the Sixtus Battery at Holmen in Copenhagen and at Kronborg Castle to mark the birth of a royal child. At the same time, public buses and official buildings flew the Dannebrog. At sunset on the same day beacon bonfires were lit all over Denmark, while Naval Home Guard vessels lit their searchlights and directed them towards the capital. Bonfires were lit in celebration in Australia. Christian was hospitalised on 21 October 2005 because he suffered from neonatal jaundice, a harmless illness and a common one; the first photographs of the 6-day-old boy showed a yellow tinge to his face and hands.
The prince was examined by doctors and underwent blood tests spent time in a light box under special coloured light rays to break down the bilirubin substance which causes jaundice. His parents took him home again the same day and he made a full recovery. Christian was baptized on 21 January 2006 in Christiansborg Palace Chapel by Bishop Erik Norman Svendsen. Christian's godparents are Prince Joachim of Denmark, he was named Christian Valdemar Henri John, continuing the Danish royal tradition of alternating between the names Christian and Frederik in direct line. He received a number of presents on the occasion of his christening, including a pony called Flikflak from the Folketing, Denmark's national parliament. Christian is second in line to the Danish throne. Since the 16th century, first-born sons of Danish monarchs have traditionally been alternately named Frederik and Christian. Prince Christian will presumably be known as "King Christian XI of Denmark". On 11 September 2006, Per Stig Møller, Denmark's Minister for Foreign Affairs, formally wrote and signed a hand-written document confirming Prince Christian's place in the line of succession.
The prince's full name, his dates of birth and christening, the names of his godparents were recorded as dictated by the Royal Law of 1799. Christian was the first member of the Danish Royal Family to attend nursery school. At the same age, the Crown Prince had a nanny at the palace, he is the first member of the Danish Royal Family to attend a public state school. Christian attended the opening of the new elephant house at the Copenhagen Zoo with his grandfather, Prince Henrik. Christian was the one; the elephants were a gift from the King and Queen of Thailand to the Queen and Prince Consort of Denmark on their last visit to Thailand. The elephant house was designed by Norman Foster and Partners. Christian accompanied his parents on most of their engagements during the family's official visit to Greenland on 1–8 August 2014.. Christian accompanied his mother, Princess Mary, his siblings, other members of the royal family to attend his cousin's, Prince Nikolai, 18th birthday on August 28, 2017, which took place on the HDMY Dannebrog Christian is styled as "His Royal Highness Prince Christian of Denmark, Count of Monpezat".
He has been Prince of Denmark since birth and Count of Monpezat since 30 April 2008, when Queen Margrethe granted the title to her male-line descendants. In 2006 Scandinavian Airlines System was in the process of purchasing new A319 aircraft. Official website
Henrik, Prince Consort of Denmark
Prince Henrik of Denmark was the husband of Queen Margrethe II of Denmark. Henrik was born in the French commune of Talence near Bordeaux to the old French family the Laborde de Monpezats, he spent his early years in Vietnam. The family spent the Second World War at the family home in France, they returned to Vietnam after the war, however were forced to flee following the defeat of the French in the First Indochina War. After completing his education in France and Vietnam, Henrik served in the French Army during the Algerian War. Prior to his marriage to Margrethe, he worked in the diplomatic service, he married Margrethe at the Church of Holmen on 10 June 1967 and became her prince consort when she succeeded her father, King Frederick IX, as monarch of Denmark on 14 January 1972. He had two sons, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim, eight grandchildren. Throughout his time as Prince consort, Henrik voiced his displeasure with the fact that he never received the title of king. A keen winemaker, Henrik produced his own wine at his estate in France.
He published many works of poetry. He was the first male consort to a Danish monarch. Henrik retired from his royal duties on 1 January 2016, at the age of 81, he died in Fredensborg Palace on 13 February 2018, after a short illness. Henrik was born in Talence, France, he was the son of his wife, Renée Doursenot. He had two older sisters and Francoise, Mme. Bardin, he was raised as a Catholic. He spent his first five years in Hanoi. In 1939, the family returned to Le Cayrou. Henrik received homeschooling until 1947, he returned to Hanoi in 1950, where increasing unrest forced him to fight the Việt Minh, to protect his family's lands. He graduated from the French secondary school in Hanoi in 1952. Wanting to study to become a pianist at Conservatoire de Paris, he instead chose an education more in line with his father's wishes. Between 1952 and 1957 he studied law and political science at the Sorbonne and Chinese and Vietnamese at the École Nationale des Langues Orientales, he studied in Hong Kong in 1957 and Saigon in 1958.
He served as an infantry conscript in the French Army in the Algerian War between 1959 and 1962. He joined the French Foreign Ministry, working as a Secretary at the embassy in London from 1963 to 1967. While there, he met Princess Margrethe, studying at the London School of Economics; the couple secretly dated for a year before Henrik proposed. On 10 June 1967 he married Princess Margrethe, the heir presumptive to the Danish throne, at the Naval Church of Copenhagen. At the time of the wedding his name was Danicised to Henrik and he was given the title HRH Prince Henrik of Denmark. Prior to the wedding, the Prince converted to Lutheranism; the Queen and Prince Henrik had two children, Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim, eight grandchildren. Prince Henrik's native language was French, his second language was Danish, he spoke fluent English, German and Vietnamese. Although he learned Danish after marrying Margrethe, Danes joked about his grasp of Danish and his thick French accent; when Queen Margrethe II ascended the throne, Henrik became the first male consort in Danish history.
This meant. He defined his own role as a councilor for the Queen. However, he felt frustrated with the lack of recognition in title, stating that there wasn't any way to differentiate between his own title and those of his sons and grandsons. In 2002, Henrik left Denmark and went to stay at the couple's Château de Caïx in Cahors in southern France; the cause of his departure from Denmark was a New Year's Day reception in which his son, Crown Prince Frederik, had been appointed as host in the absence of Queen Margrethe. Henrik felt "pushed aside and humiliated" by being relegated to "third place in the royal hierarchy". "For many years I have been Denmark's number two," he said. "I've been satisfied with that role, but I don't want to be relegated to number three after so many years." Henrik "fled" Denmark to reflect on his status in the Danish Royal Family. Queen Margrethe flew to France to meet her husband. Henrik stressed that neither son were to blame for the incident; the Prince Consort spent three weeks in Caix, did not appear with his wife as expected at the wedding of Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands and Máxima Zorreguieta.
After three weeks, Henrik returned to Denmark. On 30 April 2008, shortly before the wedding of his younger son, Prince Joachim, to Marie Cavallier, the Queen conferred the new Danish title "Count of Monpezat" on both of her sons and made it hereditary for their male-line descendants, both male and female; the Queen's private secretary Henning Fode commented, "The Queen and the Prince Consort have considered this for quite some time, it has led to the belief that it was the right thing to do." In fact, Henrik had mentioned this possibility as far back as 1996 in his published memoir: "During our generation the future sovereign will receive approval to see'Monpezat' added to the dynastic name of'Oldenburg-Glücksburg'". While being interviewed by the French weekly Point de Vue in October 2005, Henrik raised the issue shortly a
Frederick VIII of Denmark
Frederick VIII was King of Denmark from 1906 to 1912. Before his accession to the throne at age 62, he served as crown prince for over 42 years. During the long reign of his father, King Christian IX, he was excluded from influence and political power. Frederick was born on 3 June 1843 in the Yellow Palace in Copenhagen as Prince Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a junior male line of the House of Oldenburg, descended from Christian III of Denmark and which had ruled as non-sovereign dukes in Schleswig-Holstein for eight generations, including Frederick's grandfather. Frederick's parents were Prince Christian of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Louise of Hesse-Kassel. In 1853, his father was chosen as the heir presumptive to the Danish throne, because Frederick's mother, Louise of Hesse-Kassel, was a close relative of the last Danish king of the Oldenburg main line. Accordingly, Frederick became a Prince of Denmark in 1853. After his confirmation in 1860, Frederick was given a military education.
In 1863, Prince Frederick was sent to do studies at the University of Oxford but when his father ascended the throne in November that year, he became Crown Prince and returned to Denmark. As Crown Prince of Denmark, he was given a seat in the State Council and subsequently assisted his father in the duties of government. In 1864, he formally took part in the Second Schleswig War against Prussia. Louise of Hesse wanted her eldest son to marry as well as her two daughters and Dagmar, had. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom had two yet unmarried daughters, Princess Helena and Princess Louise, Louise tried to marry Frederick to one of them. However, the British Queen didn't want her daughters to marry the heirs to foreign crowns, as this would force them to live abroad, she preferred German princes who could establish homes in the UK. In addition, Victoria had always been pro-German and another Danish alliance, would not have been in line with her German interests. In July 1868, Frederick became engaged to Princess Louise of Sweden, the 17-year-old only daughter of King Charles XV of Sweden and IV of Norway.
Princess Louise's family was related by marriage to Napoleon Bonaparte. She belonged to the Bernadotte dynasty, which had ruled in Sweden since 1818, when the founder, Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte, one of Napoleon's generals, was elected crown prince of Sweden in 1810 and succeeded the throne as Charles XIV of Sweden in 1818, he married Désirée Clary. Charles XIV's son, Oscar I of Sweden, married Josephine of Leuchtenberg, granddaughter of Napoleon's first wife, the Empress Josephine. King Oscar I and Queen Josephine were Princess Louise's paternal grandparents; the marriage was suggested as a way of creating friendship between Sweden. The two countries were in a tense situation after Sweden had not assisted Denmark during the war with Prussia in 1864. Frederick and Louise had met for the first time in 1862, but in 1868 Frederick was invited to Sweden to get to know Louise, their meeting was described as a success, they became engaged the same year. She was the first Swedish princess to be married into the Danish royal house since the Middle Ages, the marriage was welcomed in all three Scandinavian countries as a symbol of the new Scandinavism.
Crown Prince Frederick and Louise of Sweden married at the Royal Palace in Stockholm on 28 July 1869. The couple resided at Amalienborg Palace in Copenhagen, spending the summers at Charlottenlund Palace north of the city, they had four daughters. The marriage was not a happy one, nor did it have any effect on the relationship between the two countries. Frederick became king of Denmark as Frederick VIII on Christian IX's death on 29 January 1906, he had been Crown Prince for 43 years. In many ways Frederick VIII was a liberal ruler, much more favorable to the new parliamentarian system than his father had been; because of his late accession to the throne he had only a few years to show his ability and he was weakened by ill health. On his return journey from a trip to Nice, King Frederick made a short stop in Hamburg, staying at the Hotel Hamburger Hof; the evening of his arrival on 14 May 1912, Frederick took a walk on the Jungfernstieg. While walking he became faint and collapsed on a park bench and died.
He was discovered by a police officer. His cause of death was announced as a paralysis-attack, he was interred with other members of the Danish royal family in Roskilde Cathedral near Copenhagen. The royal families of Denmark, Norway and Luxembourg are descended from King Frederick VIII. Denmark comes Norway's family goes through the line of his son, Prince Carl, the families of Belgium and Luxembourg are descended from his daughter, Princess Ingeborg of Denmark. 3 June 1843 – 31 July 1853: His Highness Prince Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg 31 July 1853 – 21 December 1858: His Highness Prince Frederick of Denmark 21 December 1858 – 15 November 1863: His Royal Highness Prince Frederick of Denmark 15 November 1863 – 29 January 1906: His Royal Highness The Crown Prince of Denmark 29 January 1906 – 14 May 1912: His Majesty The King of DenmarkHis full style was Frederick VIII, By the Grace of God, King of Denmark, of the Wends and of the Goths.