Danville, Virginia

Danville is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States, located on the fall line of the Dan River. It was a major center of Confederate activity during the Civil War, due to its strategic location on the Richmond and Danville Railroad, today is principal city of the Danville, Virginia Micropolitan Statistical Area; as of the 2010 census, the population was 43,055. It is bounded by Pittsylvania County and Caswell County, North Carolina, it hosts the Danville Braves baseball club of the Appalachian League. Numerous Native American tribes had lived in this part of the Piedmont region since prehistoric times. During the colonial period, the area was inhabited by Siouan language-speaking tribes. In 1728, English colonist William Byrd headed an expedition sent to determine the true boundary between Virginia and North Carolina. Late that summer, the party camped upstream from. Byrd was so taken with the beauty of the land, that he prophesied a future settlement in the vicinity, where people would live "with much comfort and gaiety of Heart."

He named the river along which they camped as the "Dan", for Byrd felt he had wandered "From Dan to Beersheba."After the American Revolutionary War, the first settlement developed in 1792 downstream from Byrd's campsite, at a spot along the river shallow enough to allow fording. It was named "Wynne's Falls", after the first settler; the village developed from the meetings of pioneering Revolutionary War veterans, who gathered annually here to fish and talk over old times. In 1793, the state General Assembly authorized construction of a tobacco warehouse at Wynne's Falls; this marks the start of the town as "The World's Best Tobacco Market", Virginia's largest market for "bright leaf" tobacco. The village was renamed "Danville" by an act of November 23, 1793. A charter for the town was drawn up February 17, 1830, but by the time of its issue, the population had exceeded the pre-arranged boundaries; this necessitated a new charter, issued in 1833. In that year, James Lanier was elected the first mayor, assisted by a council of "twelve fit and able men".

By the mid-19th century, William T. Sutherlin, a planter and entrepreneur, was the first to apply water power to run a tobacco press, he became a major industrialist in the region. Several railroads reached Danville, including the Richmond and Danville Railroad, the Atlantic and Danville Railway; these enabled the export of agricultural products. The major growth in industry came after the war; the Southern Railway, successor to the Richmond and Danville, built a grand passenger station in Danville in 1899, still in use by Amtrak and is a satellite facility of the Virginia Museum. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Danville had a population of some 5,000 people. During those four years of war, the town was transformed into a strategic center of Confederate activity. Local planter and industrialist William T. Sutherlin was named quartermaster of its depot, the rail center was critical for supplying Confederate forces, a hospital station was established for Confederate wounded. A network of batteries, breastworks and rifle pits defended the town.

A prison camp was set up, with the conversion of six tobacco warehouses, including one owned by Sutherlin, for use as prisons. At one time they held more than 5,000 captured Federal soldiers. Malnutrition and dysentery, plus a smallpox epidemic in 1864, caused the death of 1,314 of these prisoners, their remains have been interred in the Danville National Cemetery. The Richmond and Danville Railroad was the main supply route into Petersburg, where Lee's Army of Northern Virginia was holding the defensive line to protect Richmond; the Danville supply train ran. This event was immortalized in the song, "The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down". In 1865 Danville hosted the Confederate government. President Jefferson Davis stayed at the mansion of William T. Sutherlin from April 3 to 10, 1865, it became known as the last "Capitol of the Confederacy". Here he issued his last Presidential Proclamation; the final Confederate Cabinet meeting was held at the Benedict House in Danville. Davis and members of his cabinet left the city when they learned of Lee's surrender at Appomattox, moved to Greensboro, North Carolina, making their way south.

On the day they left, Governor William Smith arrived from Lynchburg to establish his headquarters here. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, tobacco processing was a major source of wealth for business owners in the city, in addition to the textile mills. Wealthy planters and owners built fine houses. Given the falls on the river, the area was prime for industrial development based on water power. On July 22, 1882, six of Danville's residents founded the Riverside Cotton Mills, making use of cotton produced throughout the South. In its day it was known nationally as Dan River Inc. the largest single-unit textile mill in the world. The Southern Railway constructed a railroad line to the city in the late 19th century and had facilities here, which contributed to the growing economy. In 1899 the company completed a grand passenger station, designed by its noted architect Frank Pierce Milburn. For many years, passenger traffic was strong on the railroad. A serious train wreck occurred in Danville one September 27, 1903.

"Old 97", the Southern Railway's crack express mail train, was running behind schedule. Its engineer "gave her full throttle", but the speed of

Cycle (magazine)

Cycle was an American motorcycling enthusiast magazine, published from the early 1950s through the early 1990s. During its heyday, in the 1970s and 1980s, it had a circulation of more than 500,000 and was headquartered in Westlake Village, near the canyon roads of the Santa Monica Mountains, where Cycle's editors road tested and photographed test bikes. Cycle was founded by Robert E. Petersen of Trend Inc. and Petersen Publishing, which published Hot Rod and Motor Trend magazines. Petersen sold Cycle to Floyd Clymer in July 1953. In an anniversary issue of Cycle, his editorial approach was summed up as, " never met a motorcycle he didn't like. Clymer owned Cycle until 1966, when he sold the publication to the New York-based publishing company Ziff-Davis Publications, which owned it through the mid-1980s. CBS, which owned Cycle's main competitor, Cycle World, purchased Cycle in 1985. In April of that year both were sold to Hachette Filipacchi Media U. S; the company folded the magazine to focus on its Cycle World.

April 1950 – July 1953: Robert E. Petersen August 1953 – 1966: Floyd Clymer March 1966 – April 1985: Ziff-Davis May 1985 – December 1987: CBS Publications January 1988 – April 1988: Diamandis Communications 1988 – Early 1990s: Hachette Filipacchi Media U. S. During the Ziff-Davis years, Cycle was known for editorial integrity, technical expertise, humor. Editors-in-chief were Gordon Jennings, Cook Neilson, Phil Schilling. P. Thomas Sargent was publisher. Jennings, a self-educated engineer and journalist, worked on and off as a technical and contributing editor for two decades after his editorship, he was beloved among Cycle readers—known for his acerbic wit, his technical know-how, his easy-to-understand project and "basic" articles, his 1973 Two-Stroke Tuner's Handbook, still sought after by tuners. He was editor-in-chief of Car and Driver Magazine, another Ziff-Davis publication, from 1970-1971. Neilson, popular for his irreverent and insightful writing, was promoted to editor in 1969, at the age of 26.

He is credited with making the magazine successful through the 1970s and popularizing the comparison test format. In addition to being a journalist, he was a successful motorcycle racer, best known for a much celebrated 1977 Daytona Superbike win on a Phil Schilling-tuned Ducati 750 Supersport nicknamed "Old Blue" and "the California Hot Rod." Neilson was inducted into the AMA Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 2006. Schilling, who worked for Cycle for nearly 20 years, is best known for his exceptional race-tuning expertise and for connecting his readers to the heart of the motorcycling experience. In 1974, during a short sabbatical from the magazine, he wrote The Motorcycle World, one of the first general-interest books about motorcycles and motorcycle racing, still in demand today. Schilling was inducted to the Motorcycle Hall of Fame in 2011. At the end of 1988, Hachette Filipacchi moved Cycle from Westlake Village to Newport Beach, California, to the same offices that housed Cycle World. At that time, the two magazines were consolidated under advertising staff.

Steve Anderson with Cycle World, became editor-in-chief. Anderson, an engineer himself, maintained Cycle's technical focus and the editorial excellence associated with his predecessors. Hachette Filipacchi closed Cycle in the early 1990s, much to the chagrin of its many fans. In the early 1990s, Anderson and Kevin Cameron founded "Wheelbase," a pioneering on-line subscription-based electronic magazine for motorcycle and car enthusiasts. Dean Adams of Superbike described it as "essentially what we know now as a web site, produced before the majority of the world was aware the Internet existed." Regular long-time contributors to Cycle included Kevin Cameron, Ed Hertfelder, Jim Greening, Michael Shuter. Art Directors: Eberhard Luethke, Cheh Nam Low, Paul Halesworth, Tom Saputo, Barbara Goss. Many of Cycle's former writers and contributors still work in the motorcycle industry or for other motorcycle or automotive publications. Among contributors was cartoonist Tom Medley, best known for Stroker McGurk.

Biographical History and Scrapbook of Floyd Clymer 1895-1970 AMA Hall of Fame: Floyd Clymer Planet, "Gordon Jennings 1931-2000," Dean Adams AMA Hall of Fame: Cook Neilson

Nissan NX

The Nissan NX is a front wheel drive 2-door sports car produced by Nissan Motors. The NX was, loosely, an evolution of the Nissan Pulsar NX/Nissan EXA sold from 1987–1990 and the Nissan Sunny Coupe lines of the 1970s and 1980s, merging the Nissan B13 and N14 lineages; the NX was released in Japan in 1990. The NX1600 was based on the standard 1.6L Sentra, the NX2000 was based on the 2.0 L SE-R model. Most models were fitted with T-Tops, whilst the remainder were hardtops. Constructed in Japan, it was sold from 1991-1993 in the US, it was produced for a few more years for other countries. Its body was designed at NDI in San Diego under the direction of NDI President Jerry Hirshberg, Blue Studio Chief Designer Allan Flowers, staff designers Bruce Campbell and Doug Wilson; the NX2000 model included some mechanical improvements over its SE-R sibling in the form of larger brakes and more aggressive tires on wider 6" wheels. The NX2000 brakes are a common aftermarket upgrade for B13 Sentra SE-Rs; the NX2000 had a center armrest, a larger two-core radiator, lower ride height compared to the SE-R.

However, the T-top roof in the NX2000 along with the mechanical upgrades made it heavier than the SE-R. The NX2000, with its light weight, stiff chassis, limited-slip differential, was considered one of the best-handling front-wheel-drive cars of the time. In 1992, Road & Track magazine included the NX2000 in a test of the world's best-handling cars against such competition as the Acura NSX, Porsche 911, Nissan 300ZX, Mazda Miata, Lotus Elan; the 100NX came with two engine options, a 1.6 L and a 2.0 L. The 1.6 liter, made from 1990 to February 1993 had a carburetor fitted which tended to consume excessive fuel as it aged. From April 1993 to 1996, the 100NX was sold with a more efficient fuel injected setup. In November 1993 a version called; this stands for "Steel Roof" as this sportier model was lighter and more rigid. The SR's engine produced somewhat more power than the regular GA16DS thanks to a modified control unit and an enlarged intake manifold; the gearing was shorter than for the regular 1.6.

1.6 with ECU carbureted — 90 PS 1.6 Non ECU carbureted — 95 PS 1.6 fuel injected — 90 PS 1.6 fuel injected — 102 PS SR model 2.0 fuel injected — 140 bhp North American version 2.0 fuel injected — 143 PS The 1.6 liter fuel injected version achieved 0–60 mph in 10.5 seconds and had a top speed of 121 mph. The 100NX was sold with a T-bar removable roof in Europe although this does vary from country to country. Specialised Badged Editions sold only in 1995 include the "Pacific" in Ireland and the United Kingdom and the "Sail" in the Netherlands. Features vary from country to country, such features include heated seats, electric windows, other differences although rarer include cup holders, umbrella holder embedded in the driver's side B-pillar, headlight wipers; the Nissan 100NX was introduced in the UK in April 1991 as part of the Nissan Pulsar range replacing the Nissan Sunny 1.6 GSX Coupe. At this time Nissan UK, the British importer were in a heated dispute with Nissan Motor Corporation over profit margins.

In an attempt to deliberately shrink market share Nissan UK launched the entire Pulsar range with no promotion as well as only providing a limited colour range and pricing all models well above their position in the market. At launch the 100NX was only available with the 1.6L 95 PS carburetor engine, in a basic specification, priced at £14,585, the same price as a 2.0 L Toyota MR2 and £1,000 more than the 2.0L Honda Prelude. T-bar roof and automatic transmission were optional. In January 1992 Nissan Motor Corporation set up their own importer and relaunched the entire Nissan Range, the 100NX now coming with alloy wheels, T-bar roof and front foglights as standard at a lower price of £11,817 and was available in a full range of colours. From February 1993 to 1996, the 100NX the carburetor engine was replaced by a more efficient fuel injected setup. 1.6 Non-ECU carbureted — 89 bhp 1.6 fuel injected — 101 bhp The Nissan NX was sold in the Japanese domestic market as the Nissan NX Coupe. Some models were fitted with T-Tops, whilst others were hardtop.

The Japanese domestic NX Coupes came with either a 1.5 DOHC carburetted engine, a 1.6 DOHC EFI engine, a 1.8 DOHC EFI engine or the rare 2.0 DOHC EFI engine. The model was available in manual transmission; the 1.5 DOHC models were all fitted with digital speedometers, whilst all other engine versions had the standard analogue gage. All Japanese domestic models were fitted with electric windows, air conditioning, power steering, electric mirrors and central locking which locked the doors automatically at 18 km/h whilst driving, was exclusive to Nissan Cherry Store Japanese dealerships; the Nissan NX was sold in the Australian domestic market as the Nissan NX Coupe. A range topping model known as the NX-R included an added front lip with fog/driving lights, side skirts, lip rear spoiler, 14" Alloy Wheels, cruise control, leather steering wheel and gear knob, electric windows and ABS. Both models were only offered with the powerful 105 kW/178Nm 2.0L aspirated inline 4 cylinder engine. The NX came with a choice between a smooth 4 speed automatic gearbox or a sporty 5 speed manual.

No LSD (Limi