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Darchula District

Darchula District (Nepali: दार्चुला जिल्ला Listen, a part of Sudurpashchim Pradesh, is one of the nine districts of province and one of seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Khalanga, Mahakali as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,322 km2 and has a population of 133,274. Darchula Lies in the west-north corner of the country. Darchula is made of two words "Dar" and "Chula". Dar means edge in Nepali and Chula means fire stove meaning a fire stove made of three stones. All people in this place used to coock on a fire stove made of three stones. There are mountain peaks here which looks like a three stones fire stove; the legend says. Darchula was a part of Doti Kingdom during medival era. Nepal annexed Doti in 1790 and made it part of Doti District until 1885. After 1885 it became part of Baitadi District. Baitadi and Dadeldhura had same "Bada-Hakim" so Those two districts jointly used to call Baitadi-Dadeldhura district; the "Baitadi-Dadeldhura" district named Mahakali District after 1956.

In 1956 four county of Baitadi made a sub-district of Mahakali district. From 1956 to 1962 "Mahakali district" had three sub-districts. Dadeldhura Baitadi ChambaIn 1962, Chamba separately upgraded to a district and named "Darchula District"; the district is surrounded by Bajhang District in the east, Baitadi District in the east and the south, Ngari Prefecture of TAR of China in the North and Pithoragarh district of India in the West. The Himalayan region between two rivers Kali River to Seti River calls Gurans Himal. Darchula district falls in the Gurans Himal zone. Api Himal and Jethi Bahurani are main mountain peaks of the area. There is a protected area named Api Nampa Conservation Area which ranges in elevation from 532 metres to 7,132 metres. Mahakali, Tinkar and Kalagad are the rivers in the area; the climate of the area is characterized by high rainfall and humidity. The climatic condition varies along with the elevation gradient; the climate of Darchula District varies from subtropical to alpine.

In the north, most of the parts, having an alpine climate, remain under snow. In the southern part and valleys the climate is subtropical. Mid- hills have a temperate climate; the average maximum temperature is 18.6 °C and the minimum temperature is 7.7 °C. The average rainfall is 2129mm. Most precipitation falls between September. About eighty percent of the total annual rainfall occurs during the monsoon season. All areas experience high rainfall intensities, ranging between estimates of 125–350 mm for a 24-hour period. Within its elevation range of 1800m to 6500m, there are limited subtropical valleys in the southern margin although most of the area is ecologically temperate or highland. A cold dry climate exists in the high alpine valleys just north of the southern arm of the Himalayan mountain range which cuts across the bottom of Darchula. Mahakali Chalaune Tinkar Nampa Kalagad Darchula District is administered by Darchula District Coordination Committee; the Darchula DCC is elected by Darchula District Assembly.

The head of Darchula DCC is Mr. Karbir Singh Karki and Mr. Krishna Singh Dhami is deputy head of Darchula DCC. Darchula District Administration Office under Ministry of Home Affairs co-operate with Darchula DCC to maintain peace and security in the district; the officer of District Administration office called CDO and current CDO of Darchula DAO is Yadunath Paudel Darchula District Court is a Judicial court to see the cases of people on district level. The district consists of nine municipalities, out of which two are urban municipalities and seven are rural municipalities; these are as follows: Formerly, Darchula had one municipality and many VDCs. VDCs were the local administrative units for villages. Fulfilling the requirement of the new constitution of Nepal 2015, on 10 March 2017 all VDCs were nullified and formed new units after grouping VDCs. Darchula District consists 1 Parliamentary constituency and 2 Provincial constituencies: The number of male 63,609 and female 69,855. Decadal change 9.40, annual growth rate 0.90%, sex ratio 91, absent population 6,867, where number of male 5,880 and female 987.

Total number of house 22,948. Total number of household 25,802. Average household size 5.17. Population density 57 km2; the town has an Indian counterpart to its northwest, named Dharchula. The split between the two towns is just virtual as the traditions and lifestyle of the people living across both the regions are quite similar. More than 56,000 people live in 8,989 households. About 58.4 percent of the population falls below the poverty line. Population composition is made up of different castes, such as Kshatriya 63.55%, Brahmin 17.15%, Thakuri 4.01%, Dalit and others contribute 15.39 percent. Hindu followers are high in numbers. Hindu, Buddhists, as well as others, regard nature as a gift from God and they worship nature their own way; the majority ethnic group is Pahari Arya. Castes of Darchula District are Brahmin, Dalit, Lohar, Newar, Bandhe, Sanyasi etc. Among them 85.19% HHs are Brahmin/Chheties/Thakuri, 10% Dalits, 0.12% Sauka and others are occupational caste groups. Sauka are indigenous inhabitant's caste group.

The indigenous caste. The Dalits and Thakuri share equal proportions and occupy the second largest group in the total population. Indigenous group

Lewisia pygmaea

Lewisia pygmaea is a species of flowering plant in the Montiaceae family known by the common name alpine lewisia and pygmy bitterroot. It is native to western North America from Alaska and Alberta to California and New Mexico, where it grows in many types of moist, rocky mountain habitat, such as gravel beds and sandy meadows; this is a variable species with a wide distribution, it hybridizes with other Lewisia species, making identification difficult. In general, this is a petite perennial herb growing from a taproot and caudex unit, producing a basal rosette of several leaves 2 to 8 centimeters long; the leaves are narrow but thick and fleshy, blunt-tipped, linear to lance-shaped. The inflorescence is made up of a few short stems each bearing one or more flowers which appear to be sitting on or within the basal leaf rosette; each flower has 5 to 9 pink or red petals which may or may not have dark veining or striping. The petals are 4 millimeters to 1 centimeter long. Jepson Manual Treatment Photo gallery

List of Nigerian women writers

This is a list of women writers who were born in Nigeria or whose writings are associated with that country. Hafsat Abdulwaheed, poet, writing in Hausa Ayobami Adebayo, short story writer Catherine Acholonu Bisi Adeleye-Fayemi, human rights activist, non-fiction writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, short story writer, non-fiction writer Abimbola Alao, non-fiction writer, short story writer, translator Lesley Nneka Arimah, short story writer Nana Asma’u, poet, teacher Sefi Atta, short story writer, playwright Ayo Ayoola-Amale, lawyer, cultural educator Akachi Adimora-Ezeigbo Simi Bedford, novelist Buchi Emecheta, children's writer, lived in Britain Rosemary Esehagu, Nigerian-American novelist Bilkisu Funtuwa, Hausa novelist Bassey Ikpi, spoken-word poet, mental health advocate Elizabeth Isichei, non-fiction writer, educator Betty Irabor, website magazine columnist Karen King-Aribisala, short story writer Amina Mama, non-fiction writer, educator Sarah Ladipo Manyika, Anglo-Nigerian novelist, short story writer, essayist Nkiru Njoku, screenwriter Martina Nwakoby, children's writer, novelist Flora Nwapa, short story writer, children's writer, first African woman novelist published in Britain Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani, humorist, journalist Taiwo Odubiyi, romance novelist, children's writer, religious columnist Molara Ogundipe, critic, non-fiction writer Ifeoma Okoye, short story writer, children's writer Chinelo Okparanta, Nigerian-American short story writer, educator Ukamaka Olisakwe, feminist writer, short story writer, screenwriter Ayodele Olofintuade and journalist Nuzo Onoh, African Horror writer Osonye Tess Onwueme, scholar, poet Ifeoma Onyefulu, children's writer, photographer Bukola Oriola, Nigerian American journalist, autobiographer Ayisha Osori, journalist, business executive Helen Ovbiagele, romance novelist Helen Oyeyemi, novelist Charmaine Pereira, feminist scholar, non-fiction writer Abidemi Sanusi, novelist Mabel Segun, children's writer Taiye Selasi, short story writer, photographer Lola Shoneyin, novelist Zulu Sofola, Nigeria's first published female playwright, educator Grace Oladunni Taylor, non-fiction writer Teresa Meniru, children's writer Ada Udechukwu and artist Adaora Lily Ulasi, novelist Rosina Umelo, short story writer, children's writer Chika Unigwe, short story writer Molara Wood journalist, short story writer Myne Whitman, romance novelist Balaraba Ramat Yakubu, romance novelist