SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Darius II

Darius II called Darius II Nothus or Darius II Ochus, was king of kings of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 404 or 405 BC. Artaxerxes I, who died in 424 BC, was followed by his son Xerxes II. After a month and half Xerxes II was murdered by his brother Sogdianus, his illegitimate brother, satrap of Hyrcania, rebelled against Sogdianus, after a short fight killed him, suppressed by treachery the attempt of his own brother Arsites to imitate his example. Ochus adopted the name Darius. Neither the names Xerxes II nor Sogdianus occur in the dates of the numerous Babylonian tablets from Nippur. Historians know little about Darius II's reign. A rebellion by the Medes in 409 BC is mentioned by Xenophon, it does seem. In excerpts from Ctesias some harem intrigues are recorded, in; the Elephantine papyri mention Darius II as a contemporary of the high priest Johanan of Ezra 10:6. As long as the power of Athens remained intact he did not meddle in Greek affairs; when in 413 BC, Athens supported the rebel Amorges in Caria, Darius II would not have responded had not the Athenian power been broken in the same year at Syracuse.

As a result of that event, Darius II gave orders to his satraps in Asia Minor and Pharnabazus, to send in the overdue tribute of the Greek towns and to begin a war with Athens. To support the war with Athens, the Persian satraps entered into an alliance with Sparta. In 408 BC he sent his son Cyrus to Asia Minor. Darius II may have expelled various Greek dynasts, ruling cities in Ionia: Pausanias wrote that the sons of Themistocles, which include Archeptolis, Governor of Magnesia, "appear to have returned to Athens", that they dedicated a painting of Themistocles in the Parthenon and erected a bronze statue to Artemis Leucophryene, the goddess of Magnesia, on the Acropolis, they may have returned from Asia Minor in old age, after 412 BC, when the Achaemenids took again firm control of the Greek cities of Asia, they may have been expelled by the Achaemenid satrap Tissaphernes sometime between 412 and 399 BC. In effect, from 414 BC, Darius II had started to resent increasing Athenian power in the Aegean and had Tissaphernes enter into an alliance with Sparta against Athens, which in 412 BC led to the Persian conquest of the greater part of Ionia.

Darius is said to have received the visit of Greek athlete and Olympic champion Polydamas of Skotoussa, who made a demonstration of his strength by killing three Immortals in front of the Persian ruler. A sculpture representing the scene is visible in the Museum of the History of the Olympic Games of antiquity. Darius II died in 404 BC, in the nineteenth year of his reign, was followed as Persian king by Artaxerxes II. Prior to his accession, Darius II was married to the daughter of Gobryas. With the daughter of Gobryas, Darius II had four sons, one of whom fathered Artabazanes, who served as King of Media Atropatene in the second half of the 3rd century BC. By Parysatis Artaxerxes II Cyrus the Younger Oxathres or Oxendares or Oxendras Artoxexes Ostanes Amestris wife of Teritouchmes & Artaxerxes II & seven other unnamed childrenBy other wives Artostes The unnamed satrap of Media at 401 B. C. Artoxares Kay Darab

Commencement Bay

Commencement Bay is a bay of Puget Sound in the U. S. state of Washington. The city of Tacoma is located with the Port of Tacoma occupying the southeastern end. A line drawn from Point Defiance in the southwest to Browns Point in the northeast serves to mark the accepted division between the bay and the open sound. Commencement Bay has become home to one of the most active commercial ports in the world; the Port of Tacoma is the main port facility. The Puyallup River is the largest freshwater stream emptying into the bay. Others include Ruston Creek, Mason Creek, Asarco Creek, Puget Creek, Hylebos Creek, Wapato Creek. Lieutenant Charles Wilkes of the United States Exploring Expedition named Commencement Bay in 1841, commemorating the place where he started his survey of southern Puget Sound; the first Euro-American habitation on Commencement Bay was by Swede Nicolas Delin. He built a water-powered sawmill in 1852. A small community grew up around the operation, but the settlers evacuated during the Puget Sound War of 1855–56 and did not return.

In 1873 the Northern Pacific Railway, the first transcontinental railroad in the northern United States, announced it would locate its terminus at Commencement Bay. When the railroad reached the bay in 1883 it caused a boom of development in Tacoma; the railroad facilities were located near the extensive tide flats by the mouth of the Puyallup River, about a mile from the original site of Tacoma. Not only did the tide flats provide level ground compared to the steep slopes surrounding the rest of the bay, but dredging work would provide deep water access to the railyards and warehouses. A new town, called New Tacoma grew up by the railroad hub. "Old town" Tacoma and New Tacoma soon merged. Large land grants were provided to the Northern Pacific, including a significant part of the coast of Commencement Bay. Over time the city of Tacoma bought up this land; the boundary between Pierce and King counties ran east from the mouth of the Puyallup River, splitting Commencement Bay between the two counties.

In 1901 the border was changed. For much of the 20th century a large smelting facility was operated by ASARCO on the shore of Commencement Bay near Point Defiance; the town of Ruston surrounds the former ASARCO plant. Tailing waste was dumped into the bay forming a long peninsula. Today it is a project area within the Commencement Bay Superfund site; the Thea Foss Waterway, an arm of Commencement Bay near downtown Tacoma, was declared a Superfund site in 1983. In 1991, the Environmental Protection Agency announced that the St. Paul Waterway, once among the most contaminated parts of Commencement Bay, had been the first marine Superfund site in the nation to be cleansed of pollution. U. S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Commencement Bay Citizens for a Healthy Bay

Komil Allamjonov

Komil Ismailovich Allamjonov is an Uzbek statesman and former Press Secretary of the President of Uzbekistan. He served as the Press Secretary of the State Tax Committee of Uzbekistan, he was born on September 1984 to a mechanic and a nurse in the Uzbek capital of Tashkent. He started his entrepreneurial activities at the age of 14, by selling lumps of sugar to his family and his neighbors, he graduated from the Uzbekistan State Institute of Arts and Culture in 2006 and graduated from the Tashkent State University of Economics in 2010. Allamjonov studied at Harvard University in Massachusetts to improve his knowledge of languages. Allamjonov is known as one of Uzbekistan's the youngest and most promising entrepreneurs, he is the founder of a number of projects, including AvtoTest, an innovative driving school designed to reduce traffic accidents. He is the founder of the TV channel Milliy and Iman Media, he first worked as the chief specialist of the information service of the Ministry of Emergency Situations, was appointed the Press Secretary of the State Tax Committee of Uzbekistan.

He was in this position for 8 years from 2005 to 2013. Allamjonov’s team launched new multifunctional and interactive website of the committee — soliq.uz. In 2015, soliq.uz wins The Best Government Website in the National Internet Contest of Uzbekistan. In addition, he successfully carried out such projects as Tax through the eyes of children campaign, Soliq Info newspaper and BEM. On December 1, 2017, Allamjonov was appointed as the Press Secretary of the President of Uzbekistan by President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, succeeding Asadjon Khodjaev. Komil Allamjonov has initiated a number of projects as President's press secretary. For example, aimed at familiarizing media and thus the wide public with the new reforms undertaken by President Mirziyoyev, press hall under the press service of the President started its activity; this platform is unique in the country, involving bloggers along with journalists and media professionals. On January 12, the first briefing with journalists took place in this press hall, where Komil Allamjonov spoke of the need of regular communication between the government and the media.

Social media accounts of the President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev were opened. Today President's official page on Facebook has over 200 thousand followers; the official channel of President on Telegram messenger has more than 300 thousand subscribers. While Mirziyoyev's pages on Facebook and Telegram communicate with public in Uzbek and Russian, the official page of the press service of Uzbekistan's President set English as its working language. All these social media accounts are verified. Video reports about President's visits to foreign countries and regions of Uzbekistan, other interviews and shows are covered live on Facebook page. Besides, Allamjonov's team has created and broadcast two short films: Shayx Muhammad Sodiq Muhammad Yusuf xotirasiga ehtirom, a documentary about outstanding contemporary Islamic scholar from Uzbekistan va Ilohiy yo‘l sari, a documentary about Al Bukhari, great Hadith collector from Bukhara, situated in the territory of modern Uzbekistan. In order to have “a platform for exchange of opinions, suggestions on improving press service's activity”, he started running his Facebook and Instagram pages.

His father Ismoil Allamjonovich Shakir-Kariyev was a car mechanic at a shop in Tashkent. His mother Gulnora Ashirovna Shakir-Karieva worked as a senior nurse at a maternity home in Tashkent, he is fluent in English besides his native Uzbek. Assigned in Mirziyoyev's dynamic reforms period, young Allamjonov attracted the attention of local and international media. First among Uzbek officials, he gave a statement on the death of Diana Yenikeeva, a forced labour victim in Kattakurgan of Samarkand region. Allamjonov holds briefings for journalists on the eve of Mirziyoyev's visits to foreign countries, including his official visit to the US and participation at SCO Summit in Qingdao, China. Briefing sessions are quite popular on social media, live posts from them are liked and shared by hundreds of people, he not only posts about his work, but about his meeting with his colleagues from other countries, about how he is missing Eid celebrations with his family and his favourite public transportation — underground.

"Oltin Kalam" award Order of "O`zbekiston Respublikasi Mustaqilligiga 20 yil" Order of "O`zbekiston Respublikasi Mustaqilligiga 25 yil” Official Website Official Twitter Page Official Youtube Channel of the Presidential Press Service Anatomy by Komil Allamjonov Principles of Mechanics by Komil Allamjonov