Darius Carlos Rucker is an American singer and songwriter. He first gained fame as the lead vocalist and rhythm guitarist of rock band Hootie & the Blowfish, which he founded in 1986 at the University of South Carolina along with Mark Bryan, Jim "Soni" Sonefeld, Dean Felber; the band released five studio albums with him as a member and charted six top 40 hits on the Billboard Hot 100. Rucker co-wrote most of the songs with the other members, he released a solo R&B album, Back to Then in 2002 on Hidden Beach Recordings but no singles from it charted. Six years Rucker signed to Capitol Nashville as a country music singer, releasing the album, Learn to Live that year, its first single, "Don't Think I Don't Think About It", made him the first black artist to reach number one on the Hot Country Songs charts since Charley Pride in 1983. It was followed by two more number one singles, "It Won't Be Like This for Long" and "Alright" and the number three hit "History in the Making". In 2009, he became the first black American to win the New Artist Award from the Country Music Association, the second black person to win any award from the association.
A second album, Charleston, SC 1966, was released on October 12, 2010. The album includes the number one singles, "Come Back Song" and "This". Rucker was born and raised in Charleston, South Carolina, where his family history goes back generations, he lives in Charleston with three children. His single mother, Carolyn, a nurse at Medical University of South Carolina, raised him with his three sisters and two brothers. According to Rucker, his father was never around, Rucker saw him only before church on Sundays, his father was in a gospel band called The Traveling Echoes. Rucker has said, his family attended church every Sunday and was economically poor, at one point, his mother, her two sisters, his grandmother and 14 children were all living in a three-bedroom house. But he says that he looks back on his childhood with fond memories, his sister, L'Corine, recalled. Darius Rucker has been the lead singer of Hootie & the Blowfish since its formation in 1986, he met fellow band members Mark Bryan, Jim "Soni" Sonefeld, Dean Felber while attending the University of South Carolina.
Bryan first heard Rucker singing in the shower, the two became a duo, playing R. E. M. Covers at a local venue, they recruited Felber and Sonefeld joined in 1989. As a member of Hootie & the Blowfish, Rucker has recorded six studio albums: Cracked Rear View – 1994, Fairweather Johnson – 1996, Musical Chairs – 1998, Smothered & Covered – 2000, Hootie & the Blowfish and Looking for Lucky – 2005 charting within the top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100 six times. All six albums feature songs that Rucker and Felber wrote; as the frontman, Rucker began to be called "Hootie" by fans, though the band title combines the nicknames of his college friends. Before his rise to fame, he lived in the basement of the Sigma Phi Epsilon house at the University of South Carolina, attempting to launch his career through the college bar scene. Rucker's signature contribution to the band is his baritone voice, which Rolling Stone has called "ingratiating," TIME has called "low, charismatic," and Entertainment Weekly has characterized as a "barrelhouse growl."
Rucker said they "flipped" the formula of the all black band with a white frontman, like Frank Sinatra performing with Count Basie. Musically, he has sometimes been criticized or spoofed for not being "black enough". Saturday Night Live ran a sketch of Tim Meadows playing Rucker leading beer-drinking, white fraternity members in a counter-march to Louis Farrakhan's Million Man March, he received death threats for singing the Hootie song "Drowning," a protest song against the flying of the Confederate flag above the South Carolina statehouse. Shortly after gaining a measure of fame and Rucker moved into an apartment in Columbia, South Carolina. With Rucker's recognition as the frontman of a successful band came increased opportunities. In October 1995, he was asked to sing the national anthem at the World Series. Frank Sinatra invited him to sing at his 80th birthday party; that same week, he made a voice cameo in an episode of the sitcom Friends. He joined Nanci Griffith on the song "Gulf Coast Highway" for her 1997 album Blue Roses from the Moons, sang backing vocals on Radney Foster's 1999 album See What You Want to See.
He encouraged Atlantic Records to agree to a deal with Edwin McCain and made a guest appearance on McCain's debut album, Honor Among Thieves. In regard to the future of Hootie & the Blowfish, Rucker was quoted by CBS news as stating in late 2011, "I don't think we'll break up totally. We're Hootie & the Blowfish.... We'll do another tour someday. I don't know when. There's one more in us." After a ten-year hiatus and the band announced that they will be touring with Barenaked Ladies in 2019 while releasing a new album the same year. Their sixth studio album Imperfect Circle was released on November 1, 2019. In 2001, he made The Return of Mongo Slade, for Atlantic Records; because of contractual changes, it was never released by the label. Hidden Beach Recordings, an independent label, acquired the masters from Atlantic and released the album as Back to Then in July 2002; the album included work from the production team of Jill Scott, she made an appearance on the track "Hold On." The single "This Is My World" was featured in the 2001 comedy fil
Deborah A. Servitto, born February 17, 1956, in Sewickley, Pennsylvania, is a Judge on the Michigan Court of Appeals, District II, she received national attention when, as a Macomb County Circuit Court judge, she delivered her ruling in the case of DeAngelo Bailey v. Eminem in the form of a rap rhyme. Servitto served as a judge on the 37th District Court from 1986 to 1990 on Macomb Circuit Court from 1990 until 2006. In March 2006 Servitto was appointed to District II of the Michigan Court of Appeals which covers Oakland and Genesee Counties, she was elected for a full six-year term in November 2006 re-elected in 2012. She served as a judge in the inaugural term of the Michigan Court of Claims. Servitto holds a B. A. in Political Science from Oakland University and a J. D. from the Detroit College of Law. As a circuit court judge, Servitto presided over a case in which DeAngelo Bailey sued Eminem over defamatory lines in the song "Brain Damage" from the 1999 album, The Slim Shady LP that said "I was harassed daily by this fat kid named D'Angelo Bailey.
An eighth-grader who acted obnoxious, cause his father boxes. So every day he'd shove me in the lockers." Servitto's October 17, 2003 opinion dismissing the case became well known because part of the decision is written in rap-like verse. Servitto's rhyme included the lines: "Mr. Bailey complains that his rap is trash / So he's seeking compensation in the form of cash / Bailey thinks he's entitled to some monetary gain / Because Eminem used his name in vain" and "the lyrics are stories no-one would take as fact / They're an exaggeration of a childish act / It is therefore this court's ultimate position / That Eminem is entitled to summary disposition." Opinion in Bailey v. Eminem
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, nicknamed the Recovery Act, was a stimulus package enacted by the 111th U. S. Congress and signed into law by President Barack Obama in February 2009. Developed in response to the Great Recession, the primary objective of this federal statute was to save existing jobs and create new ones as soon as possible. Other objectives were to provide temporary relief programs for those most affected by the recession and invest in infrastructure, education and renewable energy; the approximate cost of the economic stimulus package was estimated to be $787 billion at the time of passage revised to $831 billion between 2009 and 2019. The ARRA's rationale was based on the Keynesian economic theory that, during recessions, the government should offset the decrease in private spending with an increase in public spending in order to save jobs and stop further economic deterioration. Surveys of economists show overwhelming agreement. In a 2014 IGM Forum survey, only one economist disagreed.
The survey showed majority support for the notion that the benefits of the stimulus outweighed the costs, with only two economists disagreeing. The politics around the stimulus was contentious. On the right, it spurred the Tea Party movement and may have contributed to Republicans winning the House in the 2010 midterms. Not a single Republican member of the House voted for the stimulus. Only three Republican Senators voted for it. On the left, there were criticisms that the stimulus did not do enough. Economist Paul Krugman argued. Both the House and the Senate versions of the bills were written by Democratic Congressional committee leaders and their staffs; because work on the bills started before President Obama took office on January 20, 2009, top aides to President-Elect Obama held multiple meetings with committee leaders and staffers. On January 10, 2009, President-Elect Obama's administration released a report that provided a preliminary analysis of the impact to jobs of some of the prototypical recovery packages that were being considered.
The House version of the bill, H. R. 1, was introduced on January 26, 2009. It was sponsored by Democrat David Obey, the House Appropriations Committee chairman, was co-sponsored by nine other Democrats. On January 23, Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi said that the bill was on track to be presented to President Obama for him to sign into law before February 16, 2009. Although 206 amendments were scheduled for floor votes, they were combined into only 11, which enabled quicker passage of the bill. On January 28, 2009, the House passed the bill by a 244–188 vote. All but 11 Democrats voted for the bill, 177 Republicans voted against it; the senate version of the bill, S. 1, was introduced on January 6, 2009, substituted as an amendment to the House bill, S. Amdt. 570. It was sponsored by Harry Reid, the Majority Leader, co-sponsored by 16 other Democrats and Joe Lieberman, an independent who caucused with the Democrats; the Senate began consideration of the bill starting with the $275 billion tax provisions in the week of February 2, 2009.
A significant difference between the House version and the Senate version was the inclusion of a one-year extension of revisions to the alternative minimum tax, which added $70 billion to the bill's total. Republicans proposed several amendments to the bill directed at increasing the share of tax cuts and downsizing spending as well as decreasing the overall price. President Obama and Senate Democrats hinted that they would be willing to compromise on Republican suggestions to increase infrastructure spending and to double the housing tax credit proposed from $7,500 to $15,000 and expand its application to all home buyers, not just first-time buyers. Other considered amendments included the Freedom Act of 2009, an amendment proposed by Senate Finance Committee members Maria Cantwell and Orrin Hatch to include tax incentives for plug-in electric vehicles; the Senate called a special Saturday debate session for February 7 at the urging of President Obama. The Senate voted, 61–36 on February 9 to end debate on the bill and advance it to the Senate floor to vote on the bill itself.
On February 10, the Senate voted 61–37 All the Democrats voted in favor, but only three Republicans voted in favor. Specter switched to the Democratic Party in the year. At one point, the Senate bill stood at $838 billion. Senate Republicans forced a near unprecedented level of changes in the House bill, which had more followed the Obama plan. A comparison of the $827 billion economic recovery plan drafted by Senate Democrats with an $820 billion version passed by the House and the final $787 billion conference version shows huge shifts within these similar totals. Additional debt costs would add about $350 billion or more over 10 years. Many provisions were set to expire in two years; the main funding differences between the Senate bill and the House bill were: More funds for health care in the Senate, renewable energy programs, for home buyers tax credit, new payments to the elderly and a one-year increase in AMT limits. The House had more funds appropriated for education and for aid to low income workers and the unemployed.
Aid to low income workers and the unemployed Senate – $47 billion to provide extended unemployment benefits through
The men's freestyle welterweight competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin took place from 2 August to 4 August at the Deutschlandhalle. Nations were limited to one competitor; this weight class was limited to wrestlers weighing up to 72kg. This freestyle wrestling competition continued to use the "bad points" elimination system introduced at the 1928 Summer Olympics for Greco-Roman and at the 1932 Summer Olympics for freestyle wrestling, with a slight modification; each round featured all wrestlers wrestling one bout. The loser received 3 points if the loss was by fall or unanimous decision and 2 points if the decision was 2-1; the winner received 1 point 0 points if the win was by fall. At the end of each round, any wrestler with at least 5 points was eliminated. Of the winners, five won by fall and advanced with 0 points while three won by decision and moved to the second round with 1 point; the losers featured two by split decision, 1 by unanimous decision, five by fall. BoutsPoints Four men finished the second round with 2–0 records.
Eight wrestlers had a 1–1 record, with six of them ending the round with 3 points and two finishing with 4 points. The four contestants who were 0–2 were eliminated. BoutsPoints The four men who began the round undefeated stayed that way. Lewis remained in the lead with 0 points and Jourlin stayed at 1 point apiece, Paar added a second point. Two men and Schleimer, improved to 2–1 and stayed at 3 points with wins by fall; the six men who lost in this round were eliminated. BoutsPoints The first bout was the only one which resulted in elimination, as Paar's 3–1 record gave him 5 bad points. Jourlin received his second point in the bout, but this was enough to take the lead as Lewis and Angst lost. Lewis, who entered the round at 0 points had the opportunity to eliminate Andersson but was thrown instead, both of the men in that bout finishing the round with 3 points. Schleimer survived potential elimination by beating Angst. BoutsPoints Schleimer had the advantage of a bye. Andersson picked up a fourth point in eliminating Jourlin by decision.
Lewis captured the gold medal with his win by fall in this round, eliminating Angst and leaving only three men standing. Lewis, had faced both other men, so could not face either again. No matter the result of the bout between Andersson and Schleimer in round 6, Lewis would be the victor, he was tied at 3 points with Schleimer, but if Schleimer won by fall in round 6, Lewis had the head-to-head win as tie-breaker. And with 3 points to Andersson's 4, Lewis would have a better score than Andersson after the final round if Andersson won by fall–and Lewis would therefore take gold despite having lost to Andersson. BoutsPoints Lewis had defeated Schleimer in round 2 and fallen to Andersson in round 4, so could not face either again and had guaranteed himself the gold medal; the only remaining bout possible was Schleimer against Andersson, with the winner to take silver and the loser bronze. Andersson defeated Schleimer. BoutsPoints
The Yale Sustainable Food Program serves as a hub for the study of topics in sustainable food and agriculture at Yale University. Founded as the Yale Sustainable Food Project in 2001, the YSFP runs a campus teaching farm, supports a range of different curricular and extra-curricular study opportunities for both undergraduate and graduate students, provides fellowships and grants for international and professional experience for Yale students. In 2001, Yale students and staff, President Richard Levin, chef Alice Waters founded the YSFP with a focus on launching a sustainable dining program; the YSFP's pilot sustainable dining program at Berkeley College received accolades from the Wall Street Journal as the best college dining hall in the country. The popularity of the YSFP's sustainable menus at Berkeley led students enrolled at other Colleges to forge IDs to enter, as described in the New York Times article, "A Dining Hall Where Students Sneak In." The success of the Berkeley dining hall pilot led to the growth of sustainable dining options across the university, culminating in the establishment of Yale Dining in 2007.
Responding to student demand following the establishment of the Berkeley College pilot project, the YSFP added a range of opportunities for both study and practice in the field of sustainable food and farming. Today, the YSFP works on the Yale Farm, in the classroom, around the world. "On the farm, in the classroom, around the world, the Yale Sustainable Food Program grows food literate leaders."The Sustainable Food Program manages a small campus farm for learning and research. It supports both curricular and extra-curricular learning, serves as a hub to connect Yale’s students to opportunities for study and practice in topics related to food and the environment. Yale's main campus teaching farm, established in 2003, operates on a 1-acre plot located on the William Whitman Farnam Memorial Gardens on Edwards Street between Prospect Street and Whitney Avenue in New Haven, Connecticut; the YSFP established a second teaching farm at Yale's West Campus in 2012. After several years of growth and expansion, the West Campus Urban Farm was re-launched independently as the Yale Landscape Lab in 2016.
The agricultural areas of both teaching farms are managed to meet or exceed the standards required for organic certification, though neither farm has been formally certified. The Yale Farm on Edwards Street was managed using the intensive market gardening style popularized by growers such as Eliot Coleman and Jean-Martin Fortier. Since 2014, the Yale Farm has diversified its management strategy to reflect the varied learning objectives of courses taught at Yale. In 2019, the farm retains a section of intensive annual vegetable production from its earlier days, but is dedicates its production towards specific courses and collaborations, for example, with ancient and modern grain plantings in collaboration with Washington State University's Bread Lab, or by trialing new cultivars in collaboration with Row 7 Seeds. Harvests from the farm are sold by students at the Wooster Square Saturday farmers market, to New Haven restaurants, are used as ingredients for special campus events in partnership with Yale Hospitality.
Due to its size, Yale Farm harvests are not used in the regular food services of the college Dining Halls. The farm features perennial agroforestry areas and medicinal herbs, fruit orchards, honeybee hives, a grazed poultry flock, mushroom cultivation, hops used in the small-batch production of a "Yale Ale" and crops used by the Quinnipiac people, managed in partnership with Yale's Native American Cultural Center. Throughout the school year, the farm hosts volunteer workdays for the community. Pizza from the Yale Farm's hearth oven is served to volunteers after Friday workdays. Yale Professors from a range of academic disciplines use the farm for their teaching and research, teachers from New Haven schools bring their classes for lessons in ecology and food production. During the summers and graduate interns and research assistants link farm work to their term-time studies and research projects; each spring and autumn, new students gather around the hearth oven to share pizza during Bulldog Days and before leaving on pre-orientation trips in the fall.
The Sustainable Food Program is an integral part of the academic experience at Yale. Since its founding, there has been a proliferation of classes related to food and agriculture at both at Yale College and in the graduate and professional schools. For undergraduates interested in rigorous academic study of food and sustainability, the Environmental Studies major now offers a concentration in Sustainable Agriculture. For those with a focus in other fields, the YSFP is the subject of student papers and theses in a variety of disciplines including psychology and economics. Students can count on several dozen courses from myriad disciplines to focus on the connections between food, the environment, health and the global economy. Throughout the year, public lectures by guest speakers join with culinary workshops and film screenings to offer the Yale and New Haven community a chance to learn more about food and farming. Past speakers have included chefs Alice Waters and Jacques Pepin, authors Wendell Berry, Eric Schlosser, Michael Pollan, architect Bill McDonough, food scientist Harold McGee.
Culinary workshops at the Yale Farm and in residential college kitchens provide hands-on opportunities for students to learn the art and practice of skills like bread making, fruit preservation, lacto-fermentation. Films offer another wa
Osvaldo Monteiro is a Brazilian football manager and former player. Born in São Luís, Maranhão, played as striker and started being noticed while still a student by becoming member of the state of Maranhão junior team. Next, he was brought by Sport Club Internacional from Porto Alegre to their youth squad becoming, while there, Gaúcho state champion at youth level. Afterwards, he leaves Inter and returns to São Luís where he becomes professional playing at Tupan football club, he finished 1984 season as second top-scorer of the Campeonato Maranhense and was bought by Moto Club for the next season. After a year and a half, he left Moto Club and moves abroad by signing with Portuguese side C. D. Nacional from Madeira, he returns to Brasil to join Vitória do Mar.. But he will stay only four months back at São Luís, after which he was back to Europe this time to play in France in Ligue 2; this was the start of a period. After France, he played in Turkey, Yugoslavia, Israel, United States, etc. While in Yugoslavia, he played along Jatobá and Marquinhos in Serbian club FK Spartak Subotica, playing back in the Yugoslav First League.
He scored once in the 1990 -- 91 Yugoslav First League. After nine years abroad, he returned to Brazil, to São Luís, played with Sampaio Corrêa until the end of career; when he retired, he started his coaching career. He started as assistant manager at Expressinho, he was the main coach of Boa Vontade and São José de Ribamar, he coached the youth teams of Uberlândia and Sampaio Corrêa. At Sampaio Corrêa, besides the youth teams, he coached the main team on three occasions, he had been the assistant manager of Hércules Venzon at Sampaio Corrêa until Venzon resigned, for a period in February 2008 Osvaldo Monteiro was the caretaker of the team, but by March 2008, he was back as assistant manager in the club. In June 2009 he was coaching for some time Americano a post he still held in July 2010. On September 20, 2010, he became vice-champion of the Copa FMF U- 18 with Sampaio Corrêa. By April 2016, he is coaching the teams of the OAB, he is referred as Oswaldo Monteiro by the media