click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Dark Victory

Dark Victory is a 1939 American drama film directed by Edmund Goulding, starring Bette Davis and featuring George Brent, Humphrey Bogart, Geraldine Fitzgerald, Ronald Reagan, Henry Travers and Cora Witherspoon. The screenplay by Casey Robinson was based on the 1934 play of the same title by George Brewer and Bertram Bloch, starring Tallulah Bankhead. Judith “Judy” Traherne is a young, hedonistic Long Island socialite and heiress with a passion for horses, fast cars, too much smoking and drinking, she ignores severe headaches and brief episodes of dizziness and double vision, but when she uncharacteristically takes a spill while riding, tumbles down a flight of stairs, her secretary and best friend Ann King insists she see the family doctor, who refers her to a specialist. Dr. Frederick Steele is in the midst of closing his New York City office in preparation of a move to Brattleboro, where he plans to devote his time to brain cell research and scientific study on their growth, he reluctantly agrees to see Judy, cold and antagonistic toward him.

She dismisses her symptoms. Steele convinces her the ailments she is experiencing are serious and life-threatening, puts his career plans on hold to tend to her; when diagnostic tests confirm his suspicions, Judy agrees to surgery to remove a malignant glioma brain tumor. Steele discovers the tumor cannot be removed, realizes she has less than a year to live; the end will be painless but swift—shortly after experiencing total blindness, Judy will die. In order to allow her a few more months of happiness, Steele opts to lie to Judy and Ann and assures them the surgery was a success; as he is a poor liar, Ann confronts Steele, who admits the truth. Steele tells Ann, "she must never know" she is going to die soon, she agrees to continue the lie. Judith and Steele become involved romantically and engaged. While helping his assistant pack the office prior to their departure for Vermont, Judith discovers her case history file containing letters from several doctors, all of them confirming Steele's prognosis.

Assuming Steele was marrying her out of pity, Judy breaks off the engagement and reverts to her former lifestyle. One day, her stablemaster Michael O'Leary, who for years has loved her from afar, confronts her about her unruly behavior and she confesses she is dying, their conversation convinces her she should spend her final months happy and with the man she loves. She apologizes to Steele, they marry, move to Vermont. Three months Ann comes to visit, she and Judith are in the garden planting bulbs when Judy comments on how odd it is she still feels the heat of the sun under the darkening skies. She and Ann realize she is losing her vision and approaching the end. Judy makes Ann stay mum, as Steele is leaving that day to present his most recent medical findings—which hold out the long-term prospect of a cure for her type of cancer—in New York. Judy makes an excuse to remain home, helps him pack and sends him off, telling him “What we have now can’t be destroyed. That's our victory over the dark.

It’s a victory because we’re not afraid.” After bidding Ann, her housekeeper Martha, her dogs farewell, she goes to her bedroom. She kneels apparently praying lies down on the bed. Martha enters and drapes a blanket over her withdraws when Judy asks to be left alone; the camera focuses on the motionless Judith as the screen becomes blurry fades to black. Cast notes: Dark Victory was Irish-born actress Geraldine Fitzgerald's first American film, after having appeared in films made in England, on the Broadway stage; this was the eighth, of eleven, on-screen teaming of George Brent. Tallulah Bankhead originated the role of Judith Traherne in the Broadway production, which ran for 51 performances at the Plymouth Theatre, before being cut short when Bankhead fell ill with a bacterial infection. Davis admitted in years that she had emulated Bankhead in the role. In 1935, David O. Selznick wanted to cast Greta Garbo and Fredric March in the leads, but Garbo chose to play the lead in Anna Karenina instead.

In 1936, he offered the role to Merle Oberon, but contractual problems prevented her from doing the film. When Bette Davis discovered the play in 1938, she shopped it to every producer on the Warners lot, Hal Wallis bought the rights from Selznick for her, for $50,000, when director Edmound Goulding and producer David Lewis showed interest in the project. Davis had ended affairs with William Wyler and Howard Hughes and her husband Ham Nelson had filed for divorce, after the first few days of filming she begged to be released from her contract, claiming she was too sick to continue. Producer Hal Wallis responded, "I've seen the rushes – stay sick!" She found comfort with Brent, who had just divorced Constance Worth, the two embarked on an affair that continued throughout filming and for a year – and three films – after. Goulding shot the film in sequence, the arc of Judith's relationship with Dr. Steele mirrored Davis' relationship with Brent. Davis was to say that she wanted to marry Brent, but thought that it wouldn't work out.

Still, "Of the men I didn't marry, the dearest was George Brent."The tune, "Oh, Give Me Time for Tenderness" sung by Judith was written by Edmund Goulding and Elsie Janis. The voice of Vera Van was du

Battle of the Cunene

In the Battle of the Cunene River, Portuguese Colonial forces were defeated by Angolan Ovambo warriors on 25 September 1904. The defeat was one of the heaviest defeats in Portuguese Colonial history since Alcácer Quibir and is comparable to the British defeat at Isandhlwana against the Zulus, the Italian defeats at Dogali and at Adwa against the Ethiopians or the Spanish defeats at Melilla and at Annual against the Rif. After having subdued the Nkhumbi people, Portuguese troops advanced from Huila southward into territories which were just claimed by Portugal but not yet under control. At Cunene River they were confronted with the resistance of two Ovambo peoples, the Cuamato and Cuanhama, led by their king Tchetekelo; when an advanced unit composed of 500 Portuguese soldiers and Humbi auxiliaries under captain Luís Pinto de Almeida crossed the river, about 300 men were massacred in an ambush. The Portuguese defeat was followed by a punitive expedition in 1905 and 1907, but not before 1916 Southern Angola was "pacified".

Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Angola". Encyclopædia Britannica. 2. Cambridge University Press. P. 40. António Aniceto Monteiro: The Conquest of Southern Angola José Bento Duarte: Desastre do Vau do Pembe – 25 de Setembro de 1904

Zagan Pasha

Zaganos or Zagan Pasha was an Ottoman military commander, with the titles and ranks of kapudan pasha and the highest military rank, grand vizier, during the reign of Sultan Mehmed II "the Conqueror". A Christian, conscripted and converted through the devşirme system, he became a Muslim and rose through the ranks of the janissaries, he became one of the prominent military commanders of Mehmed II and a lala – the sultan's advisor, tutor, protector, all at once. He removed his rival, the previous Grand Vizier Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Younger, amid the fall of Constantinople, he served as the governor of Thessaly of Macedonia. He was the first non-Turk to be appointed Grand Vizier. Zaganos rose through the ranks of the janissaries, he was Christian. Sources do not mention his descent. E. Goldberg, R. Kasaba and J. S. Migdal say that he was either Serb. Jorga says. D. Nicolle, J. F. Haldon and S. R. Turnbull believes. M. Philippides believes that he was of either Greek origin. According to İnalcık he was the son of Vrana Konti.

He became a committed Muslim after conversion. When Mehmed II was exiled in 1446, Zagan accompanied him. Young Mehmed II had after his return and accession confirmed Çandarlı Halil Pasha the Younger as his first Vizier, raised Zaganos Pasha from third to second Vizier. Halil Pasha had been appointed first Vizier after the demotion of Ishak Pasha. Zaganos, younger, was jealous of the position of Halil Pasha. During the Siege of Constantinople, the bulk of the Ottoman army were encamped south of the Golden Horn; the regular European troops, stretched out along the entire length of the walls, were commanded by Karadja Pasha. The regular troops from Anatolia under Ishak Pasha were stationed south of the Lycus down to the Sea of Marmara. Mehmed himself erected his red-and-gold tent near the Mesoteichion, where the guns and the elite regiments, the Janissaries, were positioned; the Bashi-bazouks were spread out behind the front lines. Other troops under Zaganos were employed north of the Golden Horn. Communication was maintained by a road, constructed over the marshy head of the Horn.

After the inconclusive frontal offensives, the Ottomans sought to break through the walls by constructing tunnels in an effort to mine them from mid-May to 25 May. Many of the sappers were miners of German origin sent from Novo Brdo by the Serbian Despot, they were placed under the command of Zaganos Pasha. However, the Byzantines employed an engineer named Johannes Grant, who had counter-mines dug, allowing Byzantine troops to enter the mines and kill the Turkish workers; the Byzantines intercepted the first Serbian tunnel on the night of 16 May. Subsequent tunneling efforts were interrupted on 21, 23, 25 May, destroying them with Greek fire and vigorous combat. On 23 May, the Byzantines captured and tortured two Turkish officers, who revealed the location of all the Turkish tunnels, which were destroyed. On 21 May, Mehmed sent an ambassador to Constantinople and offered to lift the siege if they gave him the city. Constantine XI accepted to pay higher tributes to the sultan and recognized the status of all the conquered castles and lands in the hands of the Turks as Ottoman possession.

Around this time, Mehmed had a final council with his senior officers. Here he encountered some resistance. Halil was overruled by Zaganos. Having been accused of bribery, Halil Pasha was put to death that year. Mehmed planned to overpower the walls by sheer force, expecting that the weakened Byzantine defense by the prolonged siege would now be worn out before he ran out of troops and started preparations for a final all-out offensive. After the Ottoman occupation of Constantinople, the Sultan ordered Zaganos to set out with his galleys for Galata, to prevent the Byzantine ships from setting sail; the stories of Halil Pasha's collaboration with the Byzantines were most spread by the faction of Zaganos. Zaganos succeeded Halil Pasha as Grand Vizier. In 1456, Zaganos was made scapegoat after a failed expedition against Hungarian-held Belgrade. Zaganos' daughter was expelled from the Sultan's harem, the two were expelled to Balıkesir, where he had property. In 1459, Zaganos returned and became kapudan pasha of the fast-growing Ottoman navy, the next year he was the governor of Thessaly and Macedonia.

Zaganos was said to be a intelligent man. He has been called the most cruel Ottoman captain of his time, was said to be an enemy of Christians, he was in absolute loyalty to Mehmed II when he was just a prince, knowing that his prospects depended on his master's success. Zaganos was a soldier who believed that the Ottoman Empire must always expand in order to keep the enemies off-balance, he was known for his warlike beliefs and played an important role in the 1453 Fall of Constantinople. He was one of the prominent Ottoman military commanders of Mehmed II and a lala, at once an advisor, tutor and protector, for the sultan. During the final siege of Constantinople, Zagan Pasha's troops were the first to reach the towers. Ulubatlı Hasan was the first soldier. During the siege many of the sappers were placed under the command of Zagan Pasha. Mehmet took

Akiko Infinity Kokia: Balance

Akiko Infinity Kokia: Balance is Kokia's ninth equal studio album, released with Kokia Infinity Akiko: Balance in March 2009. Two songs from the album feature on Kokia's greatest hits collection Coquillage: The Best Collection II: "Infinity" and "Sekai no Owari ni."To promote the albums, Kokia embarked on her first world tour, Infinity. The tour, beginning in April in Japan, went for two months, with Kokia visiting Belgium, Germany and Poland; when Kokia wrote music throughout her career, she began to notice a division in her song-writing when she wanted to write songs about herself. There was a difference between songs written as "Kokia", "Akiko". Kokia described the released album concept as "two different existences that live off of each other."While Kokia Infinity Akiko is sung as a standard Kokia studio album, Akiko Infinity Kokia deals is sung from the view of "Akiko," the treasured glimpses of her inner self that began coming through in her musical persona. One song features on both albums, "Infinity," however it is arranged is different on both discs.

The version on this album was described "tender feelings, as if it were sung for you in front of a fireplace," as opposed to the "magnificently arranged" sound of the Kokia Infinity Akiko version. The bulk of the album recording took place between December 2008 and early February 2009. Between December 15 -- 17, Kokia recorded. While some of the songs on the album were written for it, many of them are older, unpublished songs. On the 6th of January, Kokia replaced three older songs intended for the albums with newer tracks she had written."Wasuremono" is one of Kokia's oldest songs. It was performed in 1998 and 1999 in live concerts for her debut album Songbird. "Ōki na Senaka" was performed at Kokia's special Akiko Yoshiba Hakigatari Live: Piano to Akisuke concert in late 2004. A song from Kokia Infinity Akiko, "Kono Mune no Kurushimi ga Itooshii Hodo ni Ikite," was performed at this night. Unlike the songs on Kokia Infinity Akiko, not many of the songs are mentioned by Kokia in her blog. However, "Vintage Love" was mentioned in June 2006 as being inspired by the film Tokyo Tower.

On January 26, the final song for the album was written, on February the 6th, both albums were recorded in their entirety. The album was released in Japan in March 2009, through Ancoro. Unlike Kokia's previous albums, it was not released to music retailers: it was only available online through Kokia's Ancoro official website, as well as through digital downloads; the album was released two months in France, during Kokia's European tour. The French version compiled both Kokia Infinity Akiko and Akiko Infinity Kokia together into a single 2-CD set. Due to the non-standard release method, the album was ineligible to chart on Oricon's album charts. Akiko Infinity Kokia was re-released in France as a part of a 3-CD set called Kokia Collection 2, on December 2, 2009; the box set featured Kokia Infinity Akiko: Balance and Fairy Dance: Kokia Meets Ireland. All songs written by Kokia

Ashcroft Terminal

Ashcroft Terminal is a dry port and private inland transloading, container storage and distribution centre and member of the Canadian Government's Asian Pacific Corridor Initiative in Ashcroft, British Columbia. Located 340 km east of Vancouver and 90 km west of Kamloops, Ashcroft Terminal is situated on mainlines for both Canadian Pacific Railway and Canadian National Railway. Ashcroft Terminal has been in operation since 1997. Rapid expansion during the 2000s, thanks in large part to federal investment, has increased the inland port's operations and capacity. On October 11, 2006, Prime Minister Stephen Harper announced the Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative with an initial investment of $5-million in federal funding; the expansion facilitated by the investment ensured increased capacity and access for shippers and logistics companies in the entire province. In September 2013 the development of an online platform financed by the federal government was announced by Thompson-Nicola Regional District.

The websites showcases the regional economy, highlighting investment opportunities, including in agriculture and forestry with Ashcroft Terminal featured prominently. Ashcroft Terminal is located on 129 hectares of industrial zoned land with 141 hectares of surrounding buffer land. Onsite operations include: Transloading Railcar Storage Materials Handling Industrial Storage Truck ScalesThe terminal contains over 30,000 feet of rail serviced directly off the CPR, servicing both CP and CN shippers through a zone 3 CTA interswitch. Asia-Pacific Gateway and Corridor Initiative Inland port MacNair, Adrian. "Delta mayor wants container traffic moved to Ashcroft". South Delta Leader. Archived from the original on October 28, 2013. Retrieved 28 October 2013. Official website

Robotech music

Robotech music consists of the musical scores written for the original 1985 Robotech television series and its various sequels and spinoffs, including Robotech video games. The recognizable original themes were orchestrated by Arlon Ober. Other composers include: Michael Bradley Julian Costas aka Claudio Costa Scott Glasgow Jack Goga Jesper Kyd Randall Rumage Steve Wittmack Marcia Woods Alberto Estevez Released only in France as "Musique Originale De La Serié T. V. "Robotech"" for the French broadcast of the Robotech TV series. This vinyl record from U. S. Renditions was the only LP release of the Robotech soundtrack in North America; the track selection represented only a small portion of the Robotech musical score from the original television series since additional volumes were never released. This album was the first domestic anime product of U. S. Renditions as well as the first American anime BGM album; the album was produced by David Keith Riddick, a founding member of U. S. Renditions. Track Listing This single CD from U.

S. Renditions was the first digital release of the Robotech soundtrack; this was the first American anime BGM soundtrack to be released in the Compact Disc format. This release included tracks. Due to budgetary constraints, the track selection remained incomplete. Track Listing Released only in France and Latin America as "Bande Originale Du Film Robotech" for the seen Robotech: The Movie, the various records and discs of this soundtrack are now considered collectors' items. Michael Bradley's single of Robotech The Movie: Underground was released separately by Carrere Records; this double CD set from Streamline Pictures is known as the Tenth Anniversary Soundtrack and represented the first attempt to digitally restore up the music and gather as many tracks as possible from the original television series into a single collection along with some additional tracks from Robotech: The Movie and Robotech II: The Sentinels. Track Listing This CD from TDK Mediactive featured music from the Robotech: Battlecry video game that drew on Ulpio Minucci and Arlon Ober's original themes, but was limited to playback from synthesized instruments.

It was bundled as part of special edition box sets of the game. Track Listing This CD from Sumthing Else Music Works was composed by notable game composer Jesper Kyd for the Robotech: Invasion video game, but featured music, different in style and tone from previous Robotech music. Kyd's thinking on the score: Track Listing Released at the end of 2005, this double CD set from Harmony Gold USA is known as the Twentieth Anniversary Soundtrack; some of the music was cleaned up further over the previous tenth anniversary release and includes 7 more tracks than before. A variant was released in summer 2006 in which a stereo effect was simulated on tracks that were recorded in mono. Track Listing Completed in 2006, composer Scott Glasgow recorded the music for the Robotech: The Shadow Chronicles movie with the Prague Symphony Orchestra, utilizing some of the original theme music by Ulpio Minucci. A CD soundtrack was released by Varèse Sarabande on February 13, 2007. Track Listing Track Listing Robotech.com introduction to soundtracks