click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Darryl Kile

Darryl Andrew Kile was an American Major League Baseball starting pitcher. He pitched from 1991 to 2002 for three teams. In his first season for the Cardinals, he won 20 games in 2000 as the team reached the postseason for the first time in four years, they advanced to the playoffs in the next two seasons. Kile was known for his big-breaking curveball, he died of coronary disease in Chicago, where he and the Cardinals were staying for a weekend series against the Chicago Cubs. He was the first active major league player to die during the regular season since 1979, when the New York Yankees' Thurman Munson died in an aviation accident. Kile was selected by the Houston Astros in the 30th round of the 1987 Major League draft. Having been successful with the Tucson Toros, the Astros' AAA club in the Pacific Coast League, Kile entered the majors in 1991, going 7–11 in 22 starts. In his first major league start on April 24, 1991, Kile had a no-hitter going when he was lifted after six innings by manager Art Howe, who wanted to protect the 22-year-old rookie's arm.

Kile's breakthrough year came in 1993 when he went 15–8 with a 3.51 earned run average and made the All-Star team. On September 8, Kile pitched a no-hitter against the New York Mets, he pitched seven seasons with the Astros as a starter. Another strong season was 1997, when he went 19–7, compiled a 2.57 ERA, made the All-Star team again, threw a career-high ​255 2⁄3 innings, pitched four shutouts. He finished fifth in voting for the NL Cy Young Award. Kile made his first postseason appearance in Game 1 of the 1997 National League Division Series against the Atlanta Braves, giving up only two hits but suffering a hard-luck 2–1 loss. Atlanta swept Houston in the best-of-five series. In 1998, Kile signed with the Colorado Rockies as a free agent. Kile suffered control problems. After two seasons in which he was a combined 21–30 and posted ERAs of 5.20 and 6.61, Kile was traded to the Cardinals. In his first season with St. Louis, Kile went 20–9, becoming the first Cardinal pitcher since John Tudor and Joaquín Andújar in 1985 to win 20 games in a season.

He again finished fifth in NL Cy Young Award voting. He earned the first playoff victory of his career in Game 2 of the 2000 NLDS against Atlanta, but suffered two losses in the NL Championship Series, which the Cardinals lost to the Mets in five games. Kile went 16–11 in 2001, the Cardinals made the playoffs again, losing to the eventual world champion Arizona Diamondbacks in the NLDS. Kile received a no-decision. Kile threw ​227 1⁄3 innings and compiled a 3.09 ERA that season, despite having an injured shoulder, which required surgery after the Cardinals were eliminated from the playoffs. He was ready for the start of the 2002 season. In 12 seasons as a major league pitcher, Kile never went on the disabled list. On June 18, Kile pitched in an interleague game against the Anaheim Angels, scattering six hits over ​7 2⁄3 innings, allowing one run, he exited the game in the eighth inning to a standing ovation. Kile and the Cardinals won the game, 7–2, moved into first place in the NL's Central Division, a spot they held for the rest of the 2002 season.

That same day, longtime Cardinals broadcaster Jack Buck died. On June 22, 2002, during pregame warmups for what would have been a day game in Chicago against the rival Cubs, team personnel noted Kile's absence. Hotel staff entered Kile's room and discovered him in his bed, under the covers, dead of a heart attack. An autopsy determined; the details leading up to and following Kile's death are detailed to some degree in Buzz Bissinger's book, Three Nights in August. An entire chapter is dedicated to Kile. Cubs catcher Joe Girardi announced at Wrigley Field that the afternoon's game versus the Cardinals had been cancelled, though he did not announce that the cancellation was prompted by Kile's death. Girardi tearfully gave the news at 2:37 pm CDT, broadcast regionally on Fox: "Excuse me. I thank you for your patience. We regret to inform you because of a tragedy in the Cardinal family, that the commissioner has cancelled the game today. Please be respectful. You will find out what has happened, I ask that you say a prayer for the Cardinals' family."

The game was rescheduled and made up in the year on August 31, a 10–4 Cardinal defeat. Jason Simontacchi, who pitched for the Cardinals, was visibly emotional during the game since Kile was a mentor to him; that season, when the Cardinals clinched the Central Division championship in a game against the Astros, teammate Albert Pujols carried Kile's #57 jersey, on a hanger, to the celebration on the field. Kile was survived by his wife, his twins, daughter Sierra and son Kannon, son Ryker; the Cardinals honored Kile by placing a small "DK 57" sign in the home bullpen. This sign remains today; the team wrote "DK 57" on their hats. The team put chalk and markers in the Busch Stadium concourses so fans could write similar messages on their caps. In the All-Star Game, Cardinals pitcher Matt Morris wrote DK 57 on his hands and held them up when they announced his name in honor of his fallen teammate and close friend. Since Kile's death, the Astros and Cardinals have not assigned number 57 to another player, although none of those teams has formally retired the number.

The Astros honored Kile with a memorial plaque that hangs along the left field wall at Minute Maid Park under the 1997 Central Division Championship banner, the last season Kile played for Houston before signing with Colorado. The Rockies have a memorial near the bullpens

Wieliszew

Wieliszew is a village in Legionowo County, Masovian Voivodeship, in east-central Poland, in the bifurcation of the Vistula and Narew Rivers. It is the seat of the gmina called Gmina Wieliszew, it lies 7 kilometres north-east of Legionowo and 26 km north of Warsaw. The village, which has a history of over 700 years and has been the seat of commune authorities since 1993, has a population of 3,122 and it is the most populated and economically strongest village of Gmina Wieliszew. Wieliszew borders on the following villages: Skrzeszew and Komornica in the west, Izbica and Skubianka in the north, Zegrze Południowe and Nieporęt in the east, Łajski and Michałów-Reginów in the south. In the north, the village has a natural boundary, formed by the Narew River and Jezioro Zegrzyńskie of an area of approx. 700 ha, created as a result of damming the waters of the Bug River and Narew Rivers in Dębe and made available for general use in 1963. The village and commune with its large forests, numerous natural monuments and ponds located near the capital, provides excellent holiday and recreation conditions

Merioola Group

The Merioola Group was a Sydney-based group of Australian artists active during the 1940s and early 1950s. The group was named after a mansion where many of the group lived; the group took its name from Merioola, a Victorian-era mansion converted into a boarding house in the Sydney suburb of Woollahra, New South Wales, managed from 1941 by Chica Edgeworth Lowe. Lowe consciously encouraged artists, dancers and theatre people to take up residence, forming the bohemian artistic centre of Sydney in the immediate post-war years. Tenants included the European-born and trained artists Arthur Fleischmann, Roland Strasser, Peter Kaiser, Michael Kmit and George de Olszanski. Others, such as Donald Friend, Edgar Ritchard, Loudon Sainthill and his life partner Harry Tatlock Miller, had lived and worked overseas. Others connected with the visual arts included photographer Alec Murray, painters Justin O'Brien, Mary Edwards and noted costume designer Jocelyn Rickards. Other tenants included dancers Alison Lee, Darya Collin, Beatrice Vitringer and Edmee Monod and historian Hector Bolitho, architect George Beiers, civil engineer William Pierre Beiers and astronomer John Sidgewick, musicians John and Norma Bannenberg, many others.

When in Sydney, Ballet Rambert dancers spent time at Merioola, where many theatrical and literary collaborations took place. Although there was no common style or'movement' at Merioola, it could be said that its artists were more interested in art as a light-hearted and poetic expression of the spirit and less interested in art as a progressive force. Many of the group had spent long years in the armed services or had been displaced persons as a result of the war in Europe. Artists under the label of the "Merioola Group" exhibited in both Sydney and Melbourne in 1947; the "Sydney Charm School" was another term used synonymously to refer to the Merioola group of artists because they shared a light-hearted, decorative element in their work. The Sydney Charm School included painters William Dobell, Russell Drysdale, Donald Friend, Lloyd Rees, Jeffrey Smart, Jean Bellette, Paul Haefliger, David Strachan, Sali Herman, Eric Wilson, Mary Edwell-Burke, Margaret Olley, Roland Strasser, Peter Kaiser, Harry Tatlock Miller, Jocelyn Rickards, Adrian Feint, Arthur Fleischmann, Eileen Haxton and applied artists Wallace Thornton, Loudon Sainthill and Wolfgang Cardamatis.

Paul Haefliger first used the phrase "Charm School" in 1948 in a review of the work of Jocelyn Rickards. Titled ‘Artist Relies on Charm’, Haefliger's review states that Rickard's work "certainly belongs to the charm-school and, as a substitute, it will carry this young artist quite a distance"; the name "The Sydney Charm School" was disparagingly used by Australian Art critic Robert Hughes to describe the Merioola group of artists. He believed that the art made in Sydney in the period circa 1940–1955 was less worthy than the works produced in Melbourne as it was decorative and overly romantic, unlike the "truthful vital energy of Melbourne". Regarding the difference in art expressions between Sydney and Melbourne at that time Donald Friend commented: Melbourne during the war and after the war went in quite for social realism, a kind of expression of resentment against being poor and other people being poor. Sydney artists were poor, they enjoyed themselves in their attics. They were drinking plonk and eating crusts of bread... the usual thing...

We didn't think of resenting it. We had a bloody marvellous time and we did all sorts of interesting things. Sydney extroverted plenty of laughter in the paintings. By its ad hoc nature the Merioola Group were destined not to last, by the mid-1950s its original members had left or were on the point of leaving, most overseas, but while it lasted Merioola provided a bohemian atmosphere, described by its chronicler Christine France: In post-war Sydney, Merioola was the most exciting place to live. Justin O'Brien said, "I've never laughed so much, not at people but with people". Merioola was always full of visitors; the dancers would pose for Alec Murray. The artists would make sets for theatrical activities, and Harry and Loudon and Alec would combine their talents as editor and photographer for Ballet Rambert and Old Vic programs. Art of Australia YouTube short documentary about Arthur Fleischmann and life at Merioola Christine France. Donald Friend: Merioola and Friends Some paintings of the Merioola Group Merioola and After

Camillo Pabis Ticci

Camillo Pabis Ticci was an Italian bridge player. He joined the national Blue Team in 1963 and played in the Bermuda Bowl tournament with Giorgio Belladonna, whose long-time partner Walter Avarelli was unavailable. From 1964 he played with Massimo D'Alelio, winning 8 world championship titles. Born in Florence, Pabis-Ticci was an engineer by profession. For many years he wrote "a bridge column in the magazine l'Europeo, the most successful of its kind in Italy". Beside the Arno bidding system that he and D'Alelio used, he developed the standard system of Tuscany, in effect. I princìpi del bridge, 2 volumes OCLC 3869562 Smazzate in evidenza e ricordi in vetrina: in appendice I problemi di re Nabob, Guido Barbone and Pabis Ticci, 399 pp. OCLC 5413980 Il bridge è un gioco d'azzardo?, 254 pp. OCLC 66007829 World championshipsPabis Ticci won eight world championships, all as one of six players on the Italy open team-of-four. Bermuda Bowl 1963, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1969 World Open Team Olympiad 1964, 1968, 1972Runners-up: none.

Italy did not finish second between 1951 and 1976. European championshipsPabis Ticci did not win the European Teams Championship, as the Blue Team did four times from 1956 to 1959. Italy qualified for every Bermuda Bowl from 1961 to 1970 as defending champion and Blue Team members did not play for Italy at the European level. Runners-up European Open Teams 1962, 1963 "International record for Camillo Pabis Ticci". World Bridge Federation. Worldcat search:'pabis ticci, camillo'

Stephen Pace

Olin Stephen Pace was an American politician and lawyer. Pace was born near Georgia, he attended the Georgia School of Technology in Atlanta, graduated from the University of Georgia School of Law in Athens in 1914 with a Bachelor of Laws degree. While at UGA, he was a member of the Phi Kappa Literary Society. After admittance to the state bar in 1914, Pace became a practicing lawyer in Georgia. From 1917 to 1920, Pace served in the Georgia House of Representatives and served in the Georgia Senate from 1923 to 1924. In 1936, he won election as a Democrat representing Georgia's 3rd congressional district in the United States House of Representatives during the 75th United States Congress, he was reelected to six additional terms in that seat and served from January 3, 1937, until January 3, 1951. Pace returned to practicing law in Americus, he died in that city on April 5, 1970, was buried in its Sunset Memorial Gardens. Stephen Pace at Find a Grave United States Congress. "Stephen Pace". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

History of the University of Georgia, Thomas Walter Reed, Imprint: Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia, ca. 1949, p.2326

James J. Gibson

James Jerome Gibson, was an American psychologist and one of the most important contributors to the field of visual perception. Gibson challenged the idea that the nervous system constructs conscious visual perception, instead promoted ecological psychology, in which the mind directly perceives environmental stimuli without additional cognitive construction or processing. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked him as the 88th most cited psychologist of the 20th century, tied with John Garcia, David Rumelhart, Louis Leon Thurstone, Margaret Floy Washburn, Robert S. Woodworth. James Jerome Gibson was born in McConnelsville, Ohio, on January 27, 1904, to Thomas and Gertrude Gibson, he was the oldest of three children and had two younger brothers and William. Gibson's father worked for Wisconsin Central Railroad, his mother was a schoolteacher; because his father worked on the railroad and his family had to travel and relocate quite moving throughout the Dakotas and Wisconsin until they settled down in the Chicago suburb of Wilmette.

When Gibson was a boy, his father would take him out on train rides. Gibson recalled being fascinated by the way the visual world would appear when in motion. In the direction of the train, the visual world would appear to flow in the same direction and expand; when Gibson looked behind the train, the visual world would seem to contract. These experiences sparked Gibson's interest in optic flow and the visual information generated from different modes of transportation. In life, Gibson would apply this fascination to the study of visual perception of landing and flying planes. Gibson began his undergraduate career at Northwestern University, but transferred after his freshman year to Princeton University, where he majored in philosophy. While enrolled at Princeton, Gibson had many influential professors including Edwin B. Holt who advocated new realism, Herbert S. Langfeld who had taught Gibson's experimental psychology course. After taking Langfeld's course, Gibson decided to stay at Princeton as a graduate student and pursued his Ph.

D. in psychology with Langfeld serving as his doctoral adviser. His doctoral dissertation focused on memory of visual forms, he received his Ph. D. in 1928. E. B. Holt, taught by William James, inspired Gibson to be a radical empiricist. Holt was a mentor to Gibson. While Gibson may not have directly read William James’ work, E. B. Holt was the connecting factor between the two. Holt’s theory of molar behaviorism brought James philosophy of radical empiricism into psychology. Heft argues that Gibson’s work was an application of William James’. Gibson believed that perception is meaningful, he discussed the meaning of perception through his theory of affordances. Gibson was influenced by James' neutral monism, nothing is mental or physical. Gibson started his career at Smith College. While at Smith, Gibson encountered two influential figures in his life, one of, the Gestalt psychologist Kurt Koffka. Although Gibson did not agree with Gestalt psychology, he agreed with Koffka's belief that the primary investigations of psychology should be problems related to perception.

The other important figure Gibson met during his time at Smith College was his wife, Eleanor Jack, who became a prominent psychologist known for her investigations such as the "visual cliff." The two were married on September 17, 1932, had two children, James Jerome Jr. in 1940 and Jean Grier in 1943. In 1941, Gibson entered the U. S. Army, where he became the director of a unit for the Army Air Forces' Aviation Psychology Program during World War II. Of particular interest to him was the effect flying an aircraft had on visual perception, he used his findings to help develop visual aptitude tests for screening out pilot applicants. He was promoted to the rank of lieutenant colonel in 1946. After the war ended, he returned to Smith College for a short period during which he began writing his first book, The Perception of the Visual World, in which he discussed visual phenomena such as retinal texture gradient and retinal motion gradient. Before the book was published in 1950, Gibson moved to Cornell University where he continued to teach and conduct research for the rest of his life.

After publication of his book in 1950, Gibson won the Warren Medal as a member of the Society of Experimental Psychologists in 1952. He became a division president for the American Psychological Association and for the Eastern Psychological Association. Among many of Gibson's other honors were receiving the Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award in 1961, becoming a Fulbright fellow at Oxford University, a fellow of the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University, a fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University. Gibson was elected into the National Academy of Sciences in 1967. Gibson received honorary doctorates by Uppsala Universities. Gibson died in Ithaca, New York on December 11, 1979, he was 75 years old. The question driving Gibson's research on perception was "how do we see the world as we do?". This instigated his empirical research, the environment, how the individual experiences said environment. There were two primary ways; the first is.

This was shown through his research on optic arrays. Secondly, he formulated the idea of three-dimensional space being conceptual. To Gibson, perception is a compilation of the person's environment and how the person interacts with it. James Gibson's major contributions throughout his ca