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Dartford is the principal town in the Borough of Dartford, England. It is located 18 miles south-east of Central London, is situated adjacent to the London Borough of Bexley to its west. To its north, across the Thames estuary, is Thurrock in Essex, which can be reached via the Dartford Crossing; the town centre lies in a valley through which the River Darent flows, where the old road from London to Dover crossed: hence the name, from Darent + ford. Dartford became a market town in medieval times and, although today it is principally a commuter town for Greater London, it has a long history of religious and cultural importance, it is an important rail hub. Dartford is twinned with Hanau in Gravelines in France. Dartford lies within the area known as the London Basin; the low-lying marsh to the north of the town consists of London Clay, the alluvium brought down by the two rivers—the Darent and the Cray—whose confluence is in this area. The higher land on which the town stands, through which the narrow Darent valley runs, consists of chalk surmounted by the Blackheath Beds of sand and gravel.

As a human settlement, Dartford became established as a river crossing-point with the coming of the Romans. As a result, the town's main road pattern makes the shape of letter'T'; the Dartford Marshes to the north, the proximity of Crayford in the London Borough of Bexley to the west, mean that the town's growth is to the south and east. Wilmington is contiguous with the town to the south. Within the town boundaries there are several distinct areas: the town centre around the parish church and along the High Street; the open spaces are Central Park, alongside the river. Like most of the United Kingdom, Dartford has an oceanic climate. In prehistoric times, the first people appeared in the Dartford area around 250,000 years ago: a tribe of prehistoric hunter-gatherers whose exemplar is called Swanscombe Man. Many other archaeological investigations have revealed a good picture of occupation of the district with important finds from the Stone Age, the Bronze Age and the Iron Age; when the Romans engineered the Dover to London road, it was necessary to cross the River Darent by ford, giving the settlement its name.

Roman villas were built along the Darent Valley, at Noviomagus, close by. The Saxons may have established the first settlement. Dartford manor is mentioned in the Domesday Book, compiled after the Norman conquest, it was owned by the king. During the medieval period Dartford was an important waypoint for pilgrims and travellers en route to Canterbury and the Continent, various religious orders established themselves in the area. In the 12th century the Knights Templar had possession of the manor of Dartford. In the 14th century, a priory was established here, two groups of friars—the Dominicans and the Franciscans—built hospitals here for the care of the sick. At this time the town became a important market town. Wat Tyler, of Peasants' Revolt fame, might well have been a local hero, although three other towns in Kent all claim and there are reasons to doubt the strength of Tyler's connection to Dartford, though the existence of a town centre public house named after him could give credence to Dartford's claim.

Dartford, cannot claim a monopoly on public houses named after Tyler. It is probable that Dartford was a key meeting point early in the Peasants' Revolt with a detachment of Essex rebels marching south to join Kentish rebels at Dartford before accompanying them to Rochester and Canterbury in the first week of June 1381. Although lacking a leader, Kentishmen had assembled at Dartford around 5 June through a sense of county solidarity at the mistreatment of Robert Belling, a man claimed as a serf by Sir Simon Burley. Burley had abused his royal court connections to invoke the arrest of Belling and, despite a compromise being proposed by bailiffs in Gravesend, continued to demand the impossible £300 of silver for Belling's release. Having left for Rochester and Canterbury on 5 June, the rebels passed back through Dartford, swollen in number, a week on 12 June en route for London. In the 15th century, two kings of England became part of the town's history. Henry V marched through Dartford in November 1415 with his troops after fighting the French at the Battle of Agincourt.

In March 1452, Duke of York, camped at the Brent with ten thousand men, waiting for a confrontation with King Henry VI. The Duke surrendered to the king in Dartford; the place of the camp is marked today by Dartford. The 16th century saw significant changes to the hitherto agrarian basis of the market in Dartford, as new industries began to take shape; the priory was destroyed in 1538 during the Dissolution of the Monasteries and a new manor house was subsequently constructed by King Henry VIII. In 1545, Henry held a series of meetings of his Privy Council in the town, from 21 to 25 June 1545 Dartford was the seat

Julius Wagner

Julius Frank "Hans" Wagner was an American football and wrestling coach. He served as the head football coach at Colorado State College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts—now known as Colorado State University—from 1942 to 1946. Wagner was an outstanding player on the 1925 Colorado Agricultural football team of Harry W. Hughes. A native of Westcliffe, Wagner was one of the premier wrestlers in Colorado during the 1920s and following his graduation in 1927, he became the head coach of wrestling and assistant coach of football at Colorado Agricultural. Wagner assisted Hughes from 1927 to 1941 in football, coaching the linemen and helping the Aggies win three conference championships, in 1927, 1933 and 1934, he won 23 conference championships in 29 years of coaching the Aggies wrestling team between 1927 and 1955. Following the resignation of Hughes in April 1942 as head football coach, Wagner took over the program, but his tenure was interrupted by the World War II. No football was played in 1943 and 1944.

When football resumed in 1945, Wagner was unable to bring the glory back to Aggies football and resigned on October 22, 1946, midway through the season. When Bob Davis took over as head football coach in 1947, Wagner continued as the head coach of freshman football team from 1947 to 1955, resigning his position in 1956 to become the director of new construction on the campus that became Colorado State University, he was killed at the age of 55 in an automobile accident on August 29, 1960 in Wyoming. Julius Wagner at Find a Grave

Migration Advisory Committee

The Migration Advisory Committee is a non-departmental public body associated with the British Home Office. It was established in 2007. Professor Alan Manning is the current chair. Professor Sir David Metcalf CBE was the chair from 2007 to 2016, its former members include Diane Coyle. It offers independent advice to the government on immigration policy, on the Shortage Occupation List; when occupations are placed on this list, UK employers have less restrictions for recruiting candidates directly from overseas. They would no longer need to complete a residency test, which involves demonstrating that a search for suitable candidates within the UK in the first instance has been unsuccessful. In October 2011, actuaries were added to the UK Government's shortage occupation list, they were removed from the list in April 2013 following a consultation by the Committee in January 2013. They recommended that employers hiring skilled workers from outside the European Union should have to pay £1,000 surcharge per head in January 2016 as an incentive to train more British staff.

The Committee produced a report in 2016 in which they criticised the Department of Health, Health Education England and NHS trusts for not recognising obvious warning signs over a number of years, "reluctantly" agreed to keep nursing on the list of shortage occupations. It produced a report on seasonal labour in horticulture after the abolition of the Seasonal Agricultural Workers Scheme; the changes to the immigration rules in 2012, which affect the settlement of non-European economic area workers with tier II visas earning less than £35,000 were based on the recommendations of the committee. Official website

Nicholas Reade

Nicholas Stewart Reade is a retired British Anglican bishop. He was the Bishop of Blackburn in the Province of York from 2004 to 2012. Reade was born on 9 December 1946, he was educated at Elizabeth College and the University of Leeds. He has completed a diploma in theology, he was ordained after studying at the College of the Resurrection, Mirfield. He began his ordained ministry with a curacy at St Chad's Coseley, he was appointed priest in charge of Holy Cross Bilbrook and the vicar of St Peter's Upper Gornal. From 1982 to 1988, he was vicar of the Church of St. Dunstan and Rural Dean of Dallington. From 1988 to 1997, he was Rural Dean of Eastbourne, he was Canon and Prebendary of Chichester Cathedral between 1990 and 1997. He became the Archdeacon of Lewes & Hastings in 1997, he was ordained to the episcopate on 2 March 2004, installation at Blackburn Cathedral on 27 March 2004. He was announced as the new bishop in August 2003. In February 2012, the diocese announced that Reade was to retire on 31 October 2012.

Reade is married with one adult daughter. Nicholas Reade Esq The Revd Nicholas Reade The Ven Nicholas Reade The Rt Revd Nicholas Reade

Anthony Kumpen

Anthony Kumpen is a Belgian professional racing driver and team manager. Kumpen works as the team manager for PK Carsport in the NASCAR Whelen Euro Series, he competed full-time in the NASCAR Whelen Euro Series, winning the championship twice in 2014 and 2016. He joint-held the record of the most 24 Hours of Zolder wins with six. In 1988, Kumpen started kart racing, he moved on to Belcar, the Belgian Racing Car Championship, in 1998, winning the GT2 championship in his first year, the GT championship in 1999. He won several more Belgian GTA championships over the next decade. In 2000, he won the overall classification at the 24 Hours of Zolder, a feat he would repeat in 2002, 2003, 2004, 2010 and 2012 for a record total of 6 victories. In 2000, he started competing in the FIA GT Championship for the Paul Belmondo Racing team, his first victory in a race in this championship followed in 2002. More victories followed in 2005, 2006, 2008 and 2009, he competed in the 24 Hours of Daytona and the 24 Hours of Le Mans.

In 2014, he competed in the NASCAR Whelen Euro Series for the PK Carsport team, driving a Holden VF Commodore. He won one race in the championship, ended the season in first place, one point ahead of defending champion Ander Vilariño, his win gave him a license to compete in the 2015 NASCAR K&N Pro Series East, racing for Bill McAnally. On 7 June, as part of the Nexteer Automotive Road To Daytona program, he announced his intentions to compete in the Xfinity Series, running three races at Iowa Speedway, Phoenix International Raceway and Homestead-Miami Speedway. In 2016, he announced that he would run the Xfinity Series season opener at Daytona for Precision Performance Motorsports, driving the No. 46 Chevy. He continued his part-time slate in the Xfinity Series in 2017, adding two races at Daytona and Mid-Ohio Sports Car Course, driving the No. 46 Chevy for PPM. Kumpen was in discussions with Rick Ware Racing to make his Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series debut with the team in 2018, but it never materialised.

Kumpen is suspended for four years by the Royal Automobile Club of Belgium after he failed a drug test during the 2018 24 Hours of Zolder. During his suspension, he moved to a management role in PK Carsport and is working as the team manager for the Euro Series operations of the team. Kumpen is the son of Paul Kumpen, a former race pilot, Belgian Rallycross Champion 1987 with Porsche 911 BiTurbo 4x4, director of the building company Kumpen, president of VOKA Limburg, founder of PK Carsport. Paul Kumpen owned 50% of the shares of Ridley Bikes, Anthony worked as a commercial director for the company, which became the largest bike manufacturer in Belgium. Anthony stayed on at the company after his father sold his share in 2013. Kumpen is married to Griet Vanhees, they have a son named Henri-Constant. Kumpen has a daughter, a stepson, from his and his wife's previous relationships, he is the second cousin of F1 driver Max Verstappen. In 2010, Kumpen participated in Sterren op de Dansvloer on vtm, he was finished as 8th out of 10 contestants.

* Season still in progress1 Ineligible for series points Official website Anthony Kumpen driver statistics at Racing-Reference

East Asian Yogācāra

East Asian Yogācāra refers to the traditions in East Asia which represent the Yogacara system of thought. The term Fǎxiàng itself was first applied to this tradition by the Huayan teacher Fazang, who used it to characterize Consciousness Only teachings as provisional, dealing with the phenomenal appearances of the dharmas. Chinese proponents preferred the title Wéishí, meaning "Consciousness Only"; this school may be called Wéishí Yújiāxíng Pài or Yǒu Zōng. Yin Shun introduced a threefold classification for Buddhist teachings which designates this school as Xūwàng Wéishí Xì. Like the parent Yogācāra school, the Faxiang school teaches that our understanding of reality comes from our own mind, rather than actual empirical experience; the mind projects it as reality itself. In keeping with Yogācāra tradition, the mind is divided into the Eight Consciousnesses and the Four Aspects of Cognition, which produce what we view as reality. Faxiang Buddhism maintained the Five Natures Doctrine which brought it into doctrinal conflict with the Tiantai school in China.

Translations of Indian Yogācāra texts were first introduced to China in the early fifth century. Among these was Guṇabhadra's translation of the Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra in four fascicles, which would become important in the early history of Chan Buddhism. During the sixth century CE, the Indian monk and translator Paramārtha propagated Yogācāra teachings in China, his translations include the Saṃdhinirmocana Sūtra, the Madhyāntavibhāga-kārikā, the Triṃśikā-vijñaptimātratā, the Mahāyānasaṃgraha. Paramārtha taught on the principles of Consciousness Only, developed a large following in southern China. Many monks and laypeople traveled long distances to hear his teachings those on the Mahāyānasaṃgraha. Although Yogācāra teachings had been propagated most look to Xuanzang as the most important founder of East Asian Yogācāra. At the age of 33, Xuanzang made a dangerous journey to India in order to study Buddhism there and to procure Buddhist texts for translation into Chinese; this journey was the subject of legend and fictionalized as the classic Chinese novel Journey to the West, a major component of East Asian popular culture from Chinese opera to Japanese television.

Xuanzang spent over ten years in India studying under various Buddhist masters. These masters included Śīlabhadra, the abbot of the Nālandā Mahāvihāra, 106 years old. Xuanzang was tutored in the Yogācāra teachings by Śīlabhadra for several years at Nālandā. Upon his return from India, Xuanzang brought with him a wagon-load of Buddhist texts, including important Yogācāra works such as the Yogācārabhūmi-śastra. In total, Xuanzang had procured 657 Buddhist texts from India. Upon his return to China, he was given government support and many assistants for the purpose of translating these texts into Chinese; as an important contribution to East Asian Yogācāra, Xuanzang composed the treatise Cheng Weishi Lun, or "Discourse on the Establishment of Consciousness Only." This work is framed around Vasubandhu's Triṃśikā-vijñaptimātratā, or "Thirty Verses on Consciousness Only." Xuanzang upheld Dharmapala of Nalanda's commentary on this work as being the correct one, provided his own explanations of these as well as other views in the Cheng Weishi Lun.

This work was composed at the behest of Xuanzang's disciple Kuiji, became a central representation of East Asian Yogācāra. Xuanzang promoted devotional meditative practices toward Maitreya Bodhisattva. Xuanzang's disciple Kuiji wrote a number of important commentaries on the Yogācāra texts and further developed the influence of this doctrine in China, was recognized by adherents as the first true patriarch of the school. In time, Chinese Yogācāra was weakened due to competition with other Chinese Buddhist traditions such as Tiantai, Huayan and Pure Land Buddhism, it continued to exert an influence, Chinese Buddhists relied on its translations and concepts absorbing Yogācāra teachings into the other traditions. Yogācāra teachings and concepts remained popular in Chinese Buddhism, including visions of the bodhisattva Maitreya and teachings given from him in Tuṣita observed by advanced meditators. One such example is that of Hanshan Deqing during the Ming dynasty. In his autobiography, Hanshan describes the palace of Maitreya in Tuṣita, hearing a lecture given by Maitreya to a large group of his disciples.

In a moment I saw that dignified monks were standing in line before the throne. A bhikṣu, holding a sutra in his hands, came down from behind the throne and handed the sutra to me, saying, "Master is going to talk about this sutra, he asked me to give it to you." I received it with joy but when I opened it I saw that it was written in gold Sanskrit letters which I could not read. I put it inside my robe and asked, "Who is the Master?" The bhiksu replied, "Maitreya." Hanshan recalls the teaching given as the following: Maitreya said, "Discrimination is consciousness. Nondiscrimination is wisdom. Clinging to consciousness will bring disgrace but clinging to wisdom will bring purity. Disgrace leads to birth and death but purity leads to Nirvana." I listened to him. His v