Datsun or Datsun Motor Corporation, Datsun Jidōsha Kabushiki-gaisha is an automobile brand owned by Nissan. Datsun's original production run began in 1931. From 1958 to 1986, only vehicles exported by Nissan were identified as Datsun. By 1986 Nissan had phased out the Datsun name, but re-launched it in June 2013 as the brand for low-cost vehicles manufactured for emerging markets. In 1931, Dat Motorcar Co. chose to name its new small car "Datson", a name which indicated the new car's smaller size when compared to the DAT's larger vehicle in production. When Nissan took control of DAT in 1934, the name "Datson" was changed to "Datsun", because "son" means "loss" in Japanese and to honour the sun depicted in the national flag – thus the name Datsun: Dattosan. Nissan phased out the Datsun brand in March 1986; the Datsun name is internationally well known for the 510, Fairlady roadsters, the Fairlady S130 280ZX coupes, the Go hatchback. Before the Datsun brand name came into being, an automobile named the DAT car was built in 1914, by the Kaishinsha Motorcar Works, in the Azabu-Hiroo District in Tokyo.
The new car's name was an acronym of the surnames of the following company partners: Kenjirō Den Rokurō Aoyama Meitarō Takeuchi. Incidentally, datto means to "dash off like a startled rabbit", considered a good name for the little car; the firm was renamed Kaishinsha Motorcar Co. in 1918, seven years after their establishment and again, in 1925, to DAT Motorcar Co. DAT Motors constructed trucks in addition to the DAT passenger cars. In fact, their output focused on trucks since there was no consumer market for passenger cars at the time. Beginning in 1918, the first DAT trucks were assembled for the military market; the low demand from the military market during the 1920s forced DAT to consider merging with other automotive industries. In 1926 the Tokyo-based DAT Motors merged with the Osaka-based Jitsuyo Jidosha Co. Ltd. known as Jitsuyo Motors to become DAT Automobile Manufacturing Co. Ltd. in Osaka until 1932. The DAT corporation had been selling full size cars to Japanese consumers under the DAT name since 1914.
In 1930, the Japanese government created a ministerial ordinance that allowed cars with engines up to 500 cc to be driven without a license. DAT Automobile Manufacturing began development of a line of 495 cc cars to sell in this new market segment, calling the new small cars "Datson" – meaning "Son of DAT"; the name was changed to "Datsun" two years in 1933. The first prototype Datson was completed in the summer of 1931; the production vehicle was called the Datson Type 10, "approximately ten" of these cars were sold in 1931. They sold around 150 cars in 1932, now calling the model the Datsun Type 11. In 1933, government rules were revised to permit 750 cc engines, Datsun increased the displacement of their microcar engine to the maximum allowed; these larger displacement cars were called Type 12s. By 1935, the company had established a true production line, following the example of Ford, were producing a car resembling the Austin 7. There is evidence that six of these early Datsuns were exported to New Zealand in 1936, a market they re-entered in May 1962.
In 1937, Datsun's biggest pre-war year, 8593 were built, with some exported to Australia in knock-down form. After Japan went to war with China in 1937, passenger car production was restricted, so by 1938, Datsun's Yokohama plant concentrated on building trucks for the Imperial Japanese Army; when the Pacific War ended, Datsun would turn to providing trucks for the Occupation forces. This lasted until car production resumed in 1947; as before the war, Datsun patterned their cars on contemporary Austin products: postwar, the Devon and Somerset were selected. For Datsun's smaller cars, such as the DB and DS series, they depended on designs based on the pre-war Austin Seven; the heavier trucks, were based on Chevrolet's 1937 design with an engine of Graham-Paige design. Nissan built the 4W60 Patrol, based on the Willys Jeep, the 4W70 Carrier, based on the Dodge M37. Not until January 1955 did Datsun offer a indigenous design; that year, the Occupation returned production facilities to Japanese control, Datsun introduced the 110 saloon and the 110-based 120 pickup.
The use of the Datsun name in the American market derives from the name Nissan used for its production cars. In fact, the cars produced by Nissan used the Datsun brand name, a successful brand in Japan since 1932, long before World War II. Before the entry into the American market in 1958, Nissan did not produce cars under the Nissan brand name, but only trucks, their in-house-designed cars were always branded as Datsuns. Hence, for Nissan executives it would be only natural to use such a successful name when exporting models to the United States. Only in the 1960s did Datsun begin to brand some automobile models as Nissans, like the Patrol and a small test batch of about 100 Cedric sedans, not again until the 1980s; the Japanese market Z-car had Nissan badging. In the United States, the Nissan branch was named "Nissan Motor Corporation in U. S. A.", chartered on Septembe
Café Restaurant Residenz is a classical Viennese coffee house, located in the eastern wing of Schloss Schönbrunn in the 13th Viennese district. During the emperor’s time, the rooms of the café were more of a “police kitchen”; the place was used to provide the guards of Schloss Schönbrunn with food. In 1948, the guards were granted permission to use the place as a restaurant; the café has been run by the Querfeld family since 1998. Its name, “Café Restaurant Residenz”, refers to emperor Franz Joseph I, who declared Schloss Schönbrunn his main residence; the daily strudel show is held in the Schaubackstube underneath the Café Residenz every full hour. After the 20-minute show, every participant receives the “Original Viennese Apple Strudel Recipe”; the apple strudel seminar is organized in the bakehouse of Café Residenz. Under the guidance of an experienced pastry chef, each participant of the seminar creates his or her own apple strudel and receives a diploma including the original recipe as a reward.
Café Residenz can be used for punch welcomes on the terrace, Christmas parties or dinners for up to 300 people. The piano is played in the Great Coffeehouse Saloon every Sunday from 2 until 4 pm. List of restaurants in Vienna Hans Veigl: Wiener Kaffeehausführer. Kremayr und Scheriau, Wien 2001, ISBN 978-3-218-00587-6. Stadtbekannt.at: Kaffee in Wien. Holzbaum Verlag, Wien 2014, ISBN 978-3-902-98014-4. Café Restaurant Residenz Website
Major-General Sir Henry Frederick Ponsonby, was a British soldier and royal court official who served as Queen Victoria's Private Secretary. Born in Corfu, he was the son of Major-General Sir Frederick Cavendish Ponsonby, an Anglo-Irish nobleman, a senior commander in the British Army, he entered the army on 27 December 1842 as an ensign in the 49th Regiment of Foot. Transferred to the Grenadier Guards, he became a lieutenant on 16 February 1844, captain on 18 July 1848, major on 19 October 1849. From 1847 to 1858 he was aide-de-camp to Lord Clarendon and Lord St. Germans, successively lord-lieutenants of Ireland, he served through the Crimean campaigns of 1855–1856, becoming lieutenant-colonel on 31 Aug. 1855. After the peace he was appointed equerry to Albert, Prince Consort, who valued his services. On 2 August 1860 he became colonel, in 1862, after the death of the prince, he was sent to Canada in command of a battalion of the Grenadier Guards, stationed in the colony during the American Civil War.
On 6 March 1868 he became a major-general. Ponsonby embellished letters to his children at Eton with a series of illustrations in which he concealed the school's address, it was a family quirk continued by his son, Arthur Ponsonby, revived by descendant Harriet Russell. His letters bore addresses appearing as doodled signposts in snowstorms or as huge envelopes shouldered by tiny people, he served as Keeper of the Privy Private Secretary to Queen Victoria. His appointment occurred on 8 April 1870, after the death of prior Private Secretary General Sir Charles Grey, "a son of Earl Grey, the Prime Minister" at the time and, wife Mary Ponsonby's "Uncle Charles." Both Arthur and Mary Ponsonby contributed pseudonymously to newspapers of the day. On 6 January 1895 he was attacked by paralysis, he was buried at Whippingham. On 30 April 1861, he married Hon. Mary Elizabeth Bulteel, Maid of Honour to Queen Victoria and a daughter of John Crocker Bulteel MP; the couple had five children: Alberta Victoria Ponsonby Magdalen Ponsonby John Ponsonby Frederick Edward Grey Ponsonby Arthur Augustus William Harry Ponsonby Lady Caroline Lamb, his father's sister, had been married to Lord Melbourne, a crucial advisor to Queen Victoria during her first years on the throne.
His son Arthur wrote a biography of him which won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize in 1942: Henry Ponsonby, Queen Victoria's Private Secretary: His Life from His Letters. In Mrs. Brown, he was portrayed by Geoffrey Palmer whose close friend and frequent co-star, Dame Judi Dench, played Queen Victoria. In the movie Victoria & Abdul, he was portrayed by Tim Pigott-Smith. Lodge, Edmund; the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire as at Present Existing. Hurst and Blackett; this article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: "Ponsonby, Frederic Cavendish". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900
Harvey Alfred Branch is an American former professional baseball player. He was a left-handed pitcher who had a seven-year career in minor league baseball, but whose Major League tenure consisted of a single game in the uniform of the St. Louis Cardinals on September 18, 1962. Branch stood 6 feet tall and weighed 170 pounds, he signed with the Chicago Cubs in 1958 and spent five years in their minor league system. In 1962, after Branch enjoyed a second consecutive successful season with the Double-A San Antonio Missions — recording 216 strikeouts in 237 innings pitched — the Cubs traded him to the Cardinals on September 1 for right-handed pitcher Paul Toth. Seventeen days Branch made his MLB appearance as the Cardinals' starting pitcher — against Toth and the Cubs at Wrigley Field, he yielded a solo home run to Ron Santo in the second inning, walked in a run in the third, gave up a third run on a triple and a ground ball out in the fifth. He left the game for a pinch hitter, Red Schoendienst, in the top of the sixth inning with St. Louis trailing, 3–1.
Branch was the losing pitcher in an eventual 4–3 Redbird defeat. All told, Branch yielded five hits and three earned runs in his five innings of work, with five walks and two strikeouts; those would stand as his career MLB totals. Branch made the Cardinals' 40-man spring training roster in 1963 but was sent to the Triple-A Atlanta Crackers for the full season. After spending that year and 1964 in the minor leagues, Branch left the game. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference
Sero Nikolai Khanzadyan was an Armenian writer. Sero Khanzadyan was born in 1915 to the family of a ploughman in the town of Goris, located in Zangezur. Little Sero’s parents used to tell him "You will learn the value of the land once you grow up". Many times he had noticed how people, returning from work in the field, would keep the pieces of ground stuck to their clothes and shake it off on a naked rock in front of their houses. "The land is the dearest thing. Without the land there is no nation" – would be the words said by the characters of his novels. Upon his graduation from the pedagogical college Khanzadyan worked as a schoolteacher. At the age of 18, he voluntarily joined the Red Army and participated in World War II, rising to the rank of the Commander of a mortar company, his personal combat experience and ability to derive general conclusions helped him to create “The Battle Diary”. The novel, written in 1972, was one of the most prominent works in the Soviet military fiction literature at the time.
In 1950 he published his first novel, dedicated to the defence of Leningrad. “Unrealized death is death, but the realized death is the eternity!” This ancient Armenian saying, runs as the primary theme in Khanzadyan’s work, as his heroes, fight shoulder to shoulder to Russians and other nationalities to protect their motherland. "The Land" novel tells the story of villagers in post-war period. Khanzadyan recalls the long history of strong Armenian and Russian relations that have evolved over the centuries. On he would use this idea in his “Mkhitar Sparapet” and other works. Khanzadyan in one of his interviews mentioned that the work on a story about Mkhitar Sparapet and David Bek, the great defenders of the Armenian nation of the early 18th century, had begun while he was still at the war. In “Mkhitar Sparapet,” as elsewhere, the idea of the strong friendship between the Armenian and Russian people is in the center of the story; the work "Horovel" is a hymn to the strong will of a peasant, stubbornly following the plough despite the pain and thirst.
Besides the war, Sero Khanzadyan writes about, as has been mentioned, Armenian history and one of its darkest pages, the Armenian Genocide of 1915. One of his best novels “Six nights” is about that. Sero Khanzadyan died in 1998, he is buried at Komitas Pantheon, located in the city center of Yerevan. Sero Khanzadyan has created a great legacy of literature work inspired with ideas of internationalism, strong ties with the folk culture and tradition. In his works he defends the ideals of love to one's motherland, his ideas of kindness and peace are realized and therefore are in eternity. In his latest years of his life, during an interview given to the Public TV of Armenia, he criticized the Bolsheviks for their negative steps towards the annexation of the Armenian regions of Nagorno Karabagh and Nakhijevan in favour of Soviet Azerbaijan. In Great Soviet Encyclopedia
Joseph Wackerle was a German sculptor. Wackerle's grandfather was a wood carver, his father was a builder, he was educated at the Academy of Fine Arts in Munich. At 26, he was appointed artistic director of the Nymphenburg Porcelain Manufactory in Munich. From 1913 to 1917 he worked as a teacher at the Museum of Decorative Art in Berlin, he became a lecturer at the Munich Academy, where he taught until 1950. In 1937, Joseph Goebbels proposed Wackerle, the Reich Culture Senator, for the German National Prize for Art and Science. In 1940, on his 60th Birthday, Wackerle received the Goethe Medal for Art and Science after a recommendation from Adolf Hitler, he was rated as an artist by the Nazi rulers, in August 1944 he was named by Adolf Hitler on the list of the most important German sculptors, which freed him from military duty. After the end of World War II Wackerle continued his artistic career and was still regarded in the Munich area. In 1953, he was awarded the Visual Arts Promotion Prize by the city of Munich.
He is buried in the cemetery of Partenkirchen. Robert Thoms: Große Deutsche Kunstausstellung München 1937–1944. Verzeichnis der Künstler in zwei Bänden, Band II: Bildhauer. Berlin 2011, ISBN 978-3-937294-02-5. Kurt Lothar Tank Deutsche Plastik unserer Zeit, Munich 1942 Reinhard Müller-Mehlis Die Kunst im Dritten Reich, Munich 1976, ISBN 3-453-41173-0 Otto Thomae Die Propaganda-Maschinerie. Bildende Kunst und Öffentlichkeitsarbeit im Dritten Reich, Berlin 1978, ISBN 3-7861-1159-6 Media related to Joseph Wackerle at Wikimedia Commons Literature by and about Joseph Wackerle in the German National Library catalogue Entry for Joseph Wackerle on the Union List of Artist Names