click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Daur people

The Daur people are a Mongolic-speaking East Asian ethnic group in Northeast China. The Daurian form one of the 56 ethnic groups recognised in the People's Republic of China, they numbered 131,992 according to the latest census and most of them live in Morin Dawa Daur Autonomous Banner in Hulun Buir, Inner Mongolia and Meilisi Daur District in Qiqihar, Heilongjiang of China. There are some near Tacheng in Xinjiang, where their ancestors were moved during the Qing dynasty. Daur is a Mongolic language. There is no written standard, although a Pinyin-based orthography has been devised by the native Daur scholar Merden Enhebatu; the Daur language retains some Khitan substratal features, including a number of lexemes not found in other Mongolic languages. It is made up of three dialects: Bataxan, Qiqihar. During Qing rule, some Daurs wrote Manchu as a second language. Genetically, the Daurs are descendants of the Khitan. In the Qianlong Emperor's "钦定《辽金元三史语解》" he retranslates "大贺", a Khitan clan described in the History of Liao, as "达呼尔".

That is the earliest theory. In the 17th century, some or all of the Daurs lived along the Shilka, upper Amur, on the Zeya and Bureya River, they thus gave their name to the region of Dauria called Transbaikal, now the area of Russia east of Lake Baikal. By the mid-17th century, the Amur Daurs fell under the influence of the Manchus of the Qing Dynasty which crushed the resistance of Bombogor, leader of the Evenk-Daur Federation in 1640; when the Russian explorers and raiders arrived to the region in the early 1650, they would see the Daur farmers burn their smaller villages and taking refuge in larger towns. When told by the Russians to submit to the rule of the Tsar and to pay yasak, the Daurs would refuse, saying that they paid tribute to the Shunzhi Emperor; the Cossacks would attack being able to take Daur towns with only small losses. For example, Khabarov reported that in 1651 he had only 4 of his Cossacks killed while storming the town of the Daur prince Guigudar. Meanwhile, the Cossacks reported killing 661 "Daurs big and small" at that town, taking 243 women and 118 children prisoners, as well as capturing 237 horse and 113 cattle.

The captured Daur town of Yaxa became the Russian town Albazin, not recaptured by the Qing until the 1680s. Facing the Russian expansion in the Amur region, between 1654 and 1656, during the reign of Shunzhi Emperor, the Daurs were forced to move southward and settle on the banks of the Nen River, from where they were conscripted to serve in the banner system of the Qing emperors; when the Japanese invaded the area of present-day Morin Dawa in Inner Mongolia in 1931, the Daurs carried out an intense resistance against them. Konan Naito pointed out that Takri Kingdom where King Dongmyeong, a founder of Buyeo was born, as a country of Daur people who lived by Songhua River. There is a noticeable hierarchic structure. People sharing the same surname are in groups called hala, they live together with the same group, formed by two or three towns; each hala is divided in diverse clans. If a marriage between different clans is made, the husband continues to live with the clan of his wife without holding property rights.

During the winter, the Daur women wear long dresses blue in color and boots of skin which they change for long trousers in summer. The men dress in orejeros caps in fox or red deer skin made for winter. In the summer, they cover the animal's head with straw hats. A customary sport of the Daur is Beikou, a game similar to field hockey or street hockey, played by the Daur for about 1,000 years. Many Daurs are practice shamanism; each clan has its own shaman in charge of all the important ceremonies in the lives of the Daur. However, there are a significant number of Daurs. During the Qing, the Daur knew a version of the Tale of the Nisan Shaman, in which the female shaman Ny Dan competed against her rivals at the Qing court, the Tibetan monks who managed to convince the Qing emperor to execute her; the Qing emperor is shown as a fool, tricked by the lamas. Takri Kingdom Unicode Manchu/Sibe/Daur Fonts and Keyboards The Daur ethnic minority

Knucklehead (2010 film)

Knucklehead is a lowbrow comedy film starring Big Show, Stuart Pointer, Melora Hardin and Dennis Farina. It was released on October 22, 2010 in select theaters and garnered negative reviews from critics, who found fault in the film's premise and clichéd tropes; the DVD was released on November 9, 2010. Farina called it the most embarrassing project of his career. Walter Krunk is a 35-year-old orphan who has lived in an orphanage since childhood because he never was adopted but has made a friendship with a fellow video game addicted orphan named Henry. During a play of the Wizard of Oz Walter ruins the set during the opening due to his harness malfunctioning which caused him to swing around and crash into the set. Meanwhile, retired MMA fighter Eddie Sullivan is training a fellow fighter for a tournament in New Orleans with a $100,000 prize to the winner, fellow rival Memphis Earl has trained a bigger, scarier fighter named Redrum for the tournament, both of their trainees have a short match but Eddie's fighter is knocked out with one punch.

Earl threatens Eddie saying. One day Walter is cooking with Henry when Walter goess to the bathroom and tells Henry to watch the food, Henry is distracted by a game and doesn't see that the food has started a fire, the fire department manages to put the fire out but it leaves the kitchen destroyed. A local law enforcement States that without a working kitchen the orphanage will close down and the kids will be put in foster homes unless they can get enough money to fix the kitchen in 10 days. Eddie enters a church and asks God to let him find a good fighter in time for the tournament, the owner of the orphanage is scolding Walter for causing the fire but makes him fall into the church and Eddie decides to train to be his fighter. After watching his video advertisement they are reluctant since Walter is not much of a fighter but the owner agrees due to that it's their only option and agree but they threaten Eddie that if he runs away with the money they'll hurt him bad, so she makes Mary Alice go with them and persuades Walter with saying what happens to the other orphans and set off for matches around the nearby city's and States in the orphanage school bus.

The first match is in Jefferson city at a church, Eddie decides to tape and upload the match highlights for internet fan buzz, during the match Walter doesn't show much of a fight and is dominated but manages to win when he falls on his opponent making him submit. Meanwhile, Memphis Earl and Redrum go to the gym and want to see Eddie but his father tells them that he isn't there and got a new fighter, they want to know who it is but he refused to tell them after intimidating him; that night at a motel Mary and Walter have a talk about the situation with the choice to fight, Mary doesn't want it to go but Walter changes her mind by saying that he's on the road for the first time in his life and that he's doing something important to himself. Meanwhile and Redrum have found the group at the motel and threaten Eddie to stay away from New Orleans; the next day driving to the next match the bus engine starts smoking causing the bus to crash into a pole and explodes, Eddie and Walter escape unharmed.

Walking on the road with only $200 Mary manages to get a truck driver to take them to the next match, the next fight is at a kids house where he hosts fights in his backyard and pays the fighters with the attendance money from other kids. While Eddie gives Walter a pep talk to get him riled up the kids dad notices the fights and goes on a rampage telling everyone to get out of his yard, Walter runs into the backyard and tackles the dad into the fence thinking he was his opponent. Eddie calls his dad who got injured because of Earl and Redrum and tells him to enter the tournament and win to avenge him, Mary takes them to a trailer park where her friend Tina lives, they tell her of the situation and remembers that at a nearby carnival there was a sign that offered anyone to fight a grizzly bear with a $500 prize and gives Walter a new look, falls in love with Tina. Walter manages to win with a choke hold and is given the nickname "the Bear Basher"; that night while riding a bus Walter has a serious gas attack that leads to the group being kicked off the bus, meanwhile Memphis Earl has found that Walter is a serious threat and might win the tournament so he decides to adopt Henry and hold him hostage but the owner refuses to let him adopt after he promises a good life for him.

The group walks to a gas station and Eddie goes in to ask for directions to a rental car company, a motorcycle gang shows up and starts messing around with Mary, Eddie attempts to help but is outnumbered by them, Walter comes and fights them off, Eddie goes in to get the security footage and continue their journey on one of the gang member's motorcycle. During a camp out Mary and Walter ask Eddie why he retired from fighting and make jokes saying it was a testicular injury, throughout the journey Walter wins more fights earning more money while Eddie teaches Mary and Walter more fighting moves. During another camp out Eddie and Mary start having feelings for each other. Arriving in New Orleans Eddie checks the group in to a luxury hotel, plans a pre-fight celebration for a night on the town and buys Mary a dress and Walter a tuxedo. At the restaurant Eddie tells Walter to not stare but Eddie does when Mary walks in, some girls invite Walter to dance but Mary stays at their table. Mary gets drunk from drinking Eddie's drink and confronts the Waitress when she sees her talking to Eddie which results in a fight ending with Mary knocking out the Waitress with a spinning heel kick.

The following day while Walter is prepa

Acrobasis nuxvorella

Acrobasis nuxvorella, the pecan nut casebearer, is a moth of the family Pyralidae described by Herbert H. Neunzig in 1970, it is found in the United States in eastern New Mexico, Oklahoma, Missouri, southern Illinois, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina and North Carolina. The larva feed on Carya illinoensis, it is the most damaging insect pest of pecans in Texas. The larvae feed first on buds below the cluster attack the nuts, they enter the nuts by cutting a circular hole in the base. As they feed, they push frass out the hole. A single larva may destroy the entire cluster, before pupating in one of the last nuts fed upon

New Season (Donny and Marie Osmond album)

New Season is an album released by Donny and Marie Osmond in 1976. It was recorded at Kolob Recording Studios in Los Angeles and Provo, Utah. One single was released from the album, a cover of Marvin Gaye and Tammi Terrell's "Ain't Nothing Like the Real Thing," peaking at No. 21 on the Billboard Hot 100. The album reached No. 85 on the Billboard Top 200 chart on January 29, 1977. It was certified Gold by the RIAA on January 12, 1978. Produced by Alan Osmond, Michael Lloyd, Mike Curb Recorded at Kolob Recording Studios Art direction: Beverly Parker Design: William Naegels Engineered by Humberto Gatica, Wayne Osmond, Michael Lloyd

Sviatopolk II of Kiev

Sviatopolk II Iziaslavich was supreme ruler of the Kievan Rus for 20 years, from 1093 to 1113. He was not a popular prince, his reign was marked by incessant rivalry with his cousin Vladimir Monomakh. Sviatopolk was the son of Iziaslav Iaroslavich by his concubine. Sviatopolk's Christian name was Michael. During his brother Iaropolk's life, Sviatopolk was not regarded as a potential claimant to the Kievan throne. In 1069 he was sent to Polotsk, a city taken by his father from the local ruler Vseslav, he spent ten years ruling Novgorod. Upon his brother's death he succeeded him in Turov, which would remain in possession of his descendants until the 17th century; when Vsevolod Iaroslavich died in 1093, Sviatopolk was acknowledged by other princes as the senior son of Veliki Kniaz and permitted to ascend the Kievan throne. Although he participated in the princely congresses organized by Vladimir Monomakh, he is sometimes charged with encouraging internecine wars among Rurikid princes. For instance, he sided with his cousin David of Volhynia and his son-in-law Bolesław III Wrymouth in capturing and blinding one of the Galician princes.

He sided with Vladimir Monomakh in several campaigns against the Kypchaks but was defeated in the Battle of the Stugna River. That year, Sviatopolk would face the Kypchaks again, again be defeated. Whereupon the Kypchaks destroyed Torchesk, an Oghuz Turk settlement. In 1096, in an attempt to force Oleg I of Chernigov into a Rus compact, Sviatopolk left his lands undefended, his father-in-law, Tugorkhan raided Pereiaslavl, while Boniak raided as far as Kiev, destroying Berestovo and sacking the three monasteries of Klov and the Caves. Tugorkhan would be killed during his raid on Pereiaslavl Sviatopolk would have him buried in Kiev. Sviatopolk's Christian name was Michael, so he encouraged embellishment of St Michael's Abbey in Kiev, known as the Golden-Roofed up to the present; the history now known as the Primary Chronicle was compiled by the monk Nestor during Sviatopolk's reign. Sviatopolk married firstly a Bohemian princess a daughter of Duke Spytihněv II, they had three children: Zbyslava, married to king Boleslaw III of Poland on November 15, 1102.

Predslava, married to Prince Álmos of Hungary on August 21, 1104. Her fate is less known. Iaroslav, Prince of Volynia and Turov was married three times - to Hungarian, Polish Sophia, Kievan princesses. In consequence of Iaroslav's early death, his descendants forfeited any right to the Kievan throne and had to content themselves with Turov and Pinsk. Secondly, in 1094 Sviatopolk married to a daughter of Tugorkhan of the Olena, they had four children: Anna, married to Sviatoslav Davydych from Chernihiv who turned into a monk upon her death and became Saint Nikolai Svyatoslav Davydych of Chernihiv. Maria, married Piotr Włostowic, castellan of Wroclaw and Polish palatine. Bryachislav dethroned Iaroslav as the Prince of Turov in 1118. Izyaslav the Prince of Turov in 1123. In 1104, Sviatopolk would marry for a third time to Barbara Comnena; some sources claim Sviatopolk had an out-of-wedlock son Mstislav who ruled Novgorod-Sieversky in 1095–1097 and Volyn. Mstislav was murdered in Volodymyr-Volynski. List of Ukrainian rulers List of Russian rulers Dmytryshyn, Basil.

Medieval Russia: A Source Book, 850-1700. Academic International Press. Franklin, Simon; the Emergence of Rus 750-1200. Routledge. Raffensperger, Christian. Reimagining Europe. Harvard University Press. Vernadsky, George. Kievan Russia. Yale University Press. Detailed biography

Pant-glas Farmhouse, Llanishen, Monmouthshire

Pant-glas Farmhouse and its associated barn at Llanishen, Monmouthshire date from the early 16th and 17th centuries and are both Grade II* listed buildings. The Monmouthshire antiquarian Sir Joseph Bradney records Pant-glas as the historic home of the Probert family and High Sheriffs of Monmouthshire; the earliest datable elements of the house are the cellars, from the late 15th or early 16th century. The existing main block of the house is from the early 17th century, while the barn is thought to have been built in that century. Although of a construction date of 1590 to 1620, the house uses much material of earlier dates, including medieval stonework and an Elizabethan doorcase and the architectural historian John Newman notes the suggestion that some of the masonry came from Raglan Castle, 4 miles to the west of Pant-glas; the complex building history leads Newman to call the house a "fascinating puzzle" and Cadw notes its construction is open to "several possible interpretations". From the mid-17th century the house was let, the Proberts having built a new mansion, The Argoed at Penallt.

The barn is most of this date, although it could be earlier. The farmhouse and barn remain private residences; the house is tall and constructed of "well-cut" old red sandstone. It is on a L-plan; the entrance front was re-designed in the 18th century, to give what Cadw describes as a Georgian appearance. The pediment carries a date of 1752 or 1732; the roof has a steep pitch and is of concrete and Welsh slate tiles, with dormer windows dating from the 1970s. The interior has been extensively remodelled but still contains some early features, including a late-medieval fireplace; the barn is "unusually large" and unaltered, except for the roof skylights. The house and the barn have separate Grade II* listed building designations. Newman, John. Gwent/Monmouthshire; the Buildings of Wales. London: Penguin. ISBN 0-14-071053-1