Dave Gahan is an English singer-songwriter, best known as the lead singer of the electronic band Depeche Mode since their debut in 1980. Q magazine ranked Gahan No. 73 on its list of the "100 Greatest Singers" and No. 27 on its list of "The 100 Greatest Frontmen". Gahan is known for his "commanding presence on stage" and his "huge, deep baritone voice". Although his bandmate Martin Gore continues to be the main songwriter for Depeche Mode, Gahan has contributed a number of songs to the albums Playing the Angel, Sounds of the Universe, Delta Machine and Spirit. Four of these songs were released as singles, including "Suffer Well" in 2005, "Hole to Feed" in 2009, "Should Be Higher" in 2013, "Cover Me" in 2017. Gahan's albums as a solo artist are Paper Hourglass. In 2012 and 2015 he contributed lyrics and sang lead vocals on the Soulsavers albums The Light the Dead See and Angels & Ghosts. Gahan was born as David Callcott on 9 May 1962 into a working-class family, to parents Len Callcott of Indian-Malaysian descent and his wife Sylvia, Dave was only six months old when his father left the family.
Sylvia and Len divorced two years and his mother moved Dave and sister Sue to Basildon, after Sylvia met and married her second husband Jack Gahan. The Gahan family continued to grow with the birth of two more half-brothers Phil. Dave and Sue were raised under the impression that their mother's second husband, was their natural father; when Gahan was 9 years old, his stepfather died. His father showed up again when he was 10. "I'll never forget that day. When I came home from school, there was this stranger in my mum's house. My mother introduced him to me as my real dad. I remember I said, impossible because my father was dead. How was I supposed to know who that man was? From that day on, Len visited the house, until one year he disappeared again, forever this time."While attending Barstable School on Timberlog Close in Basildon, Gahan started playing truant, got into trouble with the police, was suspended from school and ended up in juvenile court three times for offences ranging from joyriding and graffiti to criminal damage and theft.
He enjoyed the thrill of stealing cars, driving them around, setting them alight. Gahan tells of the time: "I was pretty wild. I loved the excitement of screeching off and being chased by the police. Hiding behind the wall with your heart beating gives you a real kick –'will they get you?'". In his final year at school, he applied for a job as an apprentice fitter with North Thames Gas, he was told by his probation officer to be honest with the interviewer, as a result, he admitted his criminal record but claimed he was a "reformed character." As a result, he did not get the job which, he claimed, led to him trashing his probation officer's office. His punishment was weekend custody at a sub-Borstal attendance centre in Romford for one year. Gahan recalls: "You had to work. I remember doing stuff like that. You had to have your hair cut, it was every weekend, so you were deprived of your weekend and it seemed like forever. I was told clearly that my next thing was detention centre. To be honest, music saved me."
In March 1980, Martin Gore, Andy Fletcher and Vince Clarke formed the band Composition of Sound, with Clarke on vocals and guitar, Gore on keyboards and Fletcher on bass. Clarke and Fletcher soon switched to synthesizers; the same year, Gahan joined the band after Clarke heard him perform David Bowie's "Heroes." The band was soon renamed Depeche Mode, a name suggested by Gahan after he had come across a fashion magazine called Dépêche-mode. A new wave/synthpop pioneer of the early 1980s, Depeche Mode have released 14 studio albums, four greatest hits compilations and two remix albums; the band has achieved global sales in excess of 100 million records. Four of the band's singles have reached number one on Billboard's Alternative Songs chart: "Enjoy the Silence", "Policy of Truth", "I Feel You", "Walking In My Shoes". In a 2003 interview, Gahan shared that "During the making of Exciter, sometimes I felt a bit frustrated that there was a lack of experimentation." This led him, in 2004, to tell his bandmates that he wanted to write half of the songs on their next album, there was "no way" he could be involved in the band without contributing as a songwriter.
There was a compromise, three of Gahan's songs appeared on 2005's Playing the Angel: "Suffer Well", "I Want It All" and "Nothing's Impossible." "Suffer Well" was released as a single in 2006, reaching No. 12 in the UK. Gahan wrote the lyrics to the B-side "Oh Well", although the music was written by Martin Gore, it was their first writing collaboration. Gahan's persona onstage is influenced by frontman of The Damned. In 2003, Gahan released his first solo album, Paper Monsters, followed by the Paper Monsters Tour, singing both his new solo tracks and Depeche Mode fan favourites; the album was a moderate success. The first single "Dirty Sticky Floors" hit the Top 20 in the UK Singles Chart; the album became a Top 10 hit on a Top 40 hit in the UK Albums Chart. In 2007, Gahan announced he was working on a new album via a video greeting for Depeche Mode's official website recorded at the 2007 MusiCares Charity event on 11 May; the album, entitled Hourglass, was accompanied working by Christian Eigner.
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Expedition 57 was the 57th expedition to the International Space Station, which began on October 4, 2018, upon the departure of Soyuz MS-08. Soyuz MS-09 crew, Alexander Gerst, Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor, Sergey Prokopyev, since June 2018 aboard the ISS, were expected to be joined by Aleksey Ovchinin and Nick Hague in October 2018; the latter two crew members boarded Soyuz MS-10 on October 11, 2018, but the launch was aborted mid-flight due to a booster failure. The impact of the Soyuz MS-10 failure and subsequent investigation on the ISS crew schedule was not clear; the Expedition 57 initial crew needed to depart by mid-December 2018 in Soyuz MS-09 due to the limited on-orbit lifespan of "about 200 days" of the Soyuz capsule, or no than early January 2019 allowing for a small margin on the lifespan. NASA would have attempted to avoid de-crewing the ISS, commanding the station from the ground is feasible if necessary. On 23 October 2018, NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine announced that Soyuz flights to the ISS were expected to resume in December 2018.
The Soyuz MS-11 spacecraft commanded by cosmonaut Oleg Kononenko, carrying him and two flight engineers, Anne McClain and David Saint-Jacques, was launched on December 3, 2018, marking the 100th orbital launch of the year. NASA Astronaut Jeanette Epps was assigned as flight engineer for Expeditions 56 and 57, becoming the first African American space station crew member and the 15th African American to fly in space, but on January 16, 2018, NASA announced that Epps had been replaced by her backup Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor. Cosmonaut Nikolai Tikhonov was slated to make his first spaceflight on the Soyuz MS-10 spacecraft, but was removed from the crew due to delays in launching the Russian Nauka module; this is the second time. *denotes spacewalks performed from the Pirs docking compartment in Russian Orlan suits. Resupply missions that visited the International Space Station during Expedition 57: Expedition 57 on Nasa.gov Expedition 57 related articles on spaceflightnow.com
LarvalBase is a global online database of information about fish eggs and fry. It includes detailed data on the identification of young fish and the rearing of fish species important for fisheries and aquaculture; as of July 2011, it included descriptions of 2,228 species, 4,229 pictures, references to 4,513 works in the scientific literature. The database is under the supervision of Bernd Ueberschaer at the Leibniz Institute of Marine Sciences in Kiel, Germany. LarvalBase is an offshoot of, follows the same format as FishBase, a comprehensive online database about finfish. Whereas FishBase is a database about adult finfish, LarvalBase is a database about the juvenile stages of fish. Juvenile fish feed differently and occupy different habitats than the adults do. LarvalBase complements FishBase by providing information about these early stages of life. LarvalBase aims to include all the key data on finfish larvae, with an emphasis on standardising the data, making it easy to extract and combine data with other data, offering powerful presentation tools.
It draws on the traditional primary sources found in papers and reports, gray literature and unpublished but reliable data from sources such as practicing aquaculturists. The data includes information such as identification keys, broodstock and nursery behaviour and predators, growth stages and rates, it includes information of specific interest to aquaculturists, such as how long it takes egg to hatch, diagrams charting changes in anatomy at different larval stages, analysis of larval diets, techniques for rearing fish fry. It can be difficult for fisheries and hatchery scientists and managers to get the information they need on the species that concern them, because the relevant facts can be scattered and buried across numerous journal articles, reports and other sources, it can be difficult for people in developing countries who need such information. An answer to this situation is to consolidate all the available information, drawn from the global sources, into an accessed database; the database will be useful if the data has been standardised and validated.
It was with such considerations that the FishBase project was born in 1988. FishBase is now the world's main database on finfish with over 30 million hits a month. However, FishBase does not include detailed information on juvenile fish. In 1998 the LarvalBase project was launched to remedy this. List of online encyclopedias SeaLifeBase LarvalBase. Presentation at conference, "Aqualex, A Multilingual Glossary In Support Of Multimedia And Online Products And Programmes Related To Fisheries And Aquaculture", May 10–12, 2001, Agriculture University Of Szczecin, Poland. Biological Information Systems IFM-GEOMAR, Retrieved 28 July 2011. Ueberschär, Bernd LarvalBase: base and knowledge gaps. ACP-EU Fisheries Research Report, 9: 78. LarvalBase online Photo archive LarvalBase. Critical times for fish larvae Bernd Ueberschär, IFM-GEOMAR. Presentation to Summer school, Qingdao, 2008. Introductory lecture on larval ecology