David Scott Mustaine is an American guitarist, songwriter and author. He is best known as the co-founder, lead vocalist and primary songwriter of the American heavy metal band Megadeth, as well as the original lead guitarist of the American band Metallica. David Scott Mustaine was born September 13, 1961, in La Mesa, California, to Emily and John Mustaine, his father was of French, German and Finnish descent, whereas his mother was a German Jewish emigrant. He was brought up as a Jehovah's Witness. Panic was Mustaine's first band; the lineup was Mike Leftwych on drums, Bob Evans on bass, Tom Quecke on rhythm guitar, Pat Voeks as the vocalist, with Mustaine as the lead guitarist. Both Mike Leftwych and a sound man were killed in a car crash after Panic's second show. Dave says after the band started to fall apart in 1981, Quecke died. In 1981, Mustaine left Panic to join Metallica as the lead guitarist. Metallica's drummer Lars Ulrich had posted an ad in a local newspaper, The Recycler, looking for a lead guitarist.
In his own words, Mustaine remembers his first meeting with James Hetfield and Lars Ulrich: "I was in the room warming up and I walked out and asked,'Well, am I gonna audition or what?', they said,'No, you've got the job.' I couldn't believe how easy it had been and suggested that we get some beer to celebrate."Mustaine's membership in Metallica ended before recording Kill'Em All in 1983. Brian Slagel, owner of Metal Blade Records, recalls in an interview: "Dave was an talented guy but he had an large problem with alcohol and drugs. He'd get wasted and become a real crazy person, a raging megalomaniac, the other guys just couldn't deal with that after a while. I mean, they all drank of course. I could see they were beginning to get fed up of seeing Dave drunk out of his mind all the time."On one occasion, Mustaine brought his dog to rehearsal. Hetfield yelled at Mustaine's dog and kicked it in anger, to which Mustaine responded by physically attacking Hetfield and McGovney and verbally abusing Ulrich.
Mustaine was fired following the altercation, but the next day, Mustaine asked to be allowed back in the band and was granted his request. Another incident occurred when Mustaine, drinking, poured a full can of beer down the neck and into the pick-ups of McGovney's bass. McGovney told Mustaine and Hetfield to leave his house and left the band shortly after. On April 11, 1983, after Metallica had driven to New York to record their debut album, Mustaine was fired from the band because of his alcoholism, drug abuse, overly aggressive behavior, personality clashes with founding members Hetfield and Ulrich, an incident Mustaine refers to as "no warning, no second chance"; the band packed up Mustaine's gear, drove him to the Port Authority Bus Terminal, put him on a Greyhound bus bound for Los Angeles. It was on this bus ride that Mustaine scribbled some lyrical ideas on the back of a hand bill, which became the song "Set the World Afire" from the 1988 Megadeth album So Far, So Good... So What! During his time in Metallica, Mustaine toured with the band, co-wrote four songs that appeared on Kill'Em All, co-wrote two songs that appeared on the 1984 album Ride the Lightning.
Mustaine has made unverified claims to have written parts of "Leper Messiah" from Master of Puppets. Fallen Angels was the name of the short-lived band that Mustaine founded after his departure from Metallica. In April 1983, after returning to California to live with his mother, he landed what he calls his first real job with the aid of Robbie McKinney. McKinney and a friend, Matt Kisselstein, worked with Mustaine as telemarketers. Mustaine quit his job after earning enough money to move to an apartment in Hollywood, recruited McKinney, who played guitar, Kisselstein, who played bass, for his band Fallen Angels. In his biography, Mustaine describes that "We lacked the chemistry, the energy, the spark—or whatever you want to call it—that gives a band life in its infancy." The partnership did not last. This paved the way for his partnership with Greg Handevidt. Ellefson was playing the opening bass line of Van Halen's "Runnin' with the Devil" in the apartment below Mustaine's. After stomping on the floor and shouting for them to stop, being hung over at the time, took a potted plant and threw it out of his window and hit the air conditioner of the apartment below.
This resulted in the two coming up to Mustaine's apartment to ask for cigarettes. Mustaine slammed the door in their faces. A few minutes they knocked on the door, this time asking if he could buy them beer. Mustaine's reply:'OK, now you are talking', they spent the night talking about music, soon after, Mustaine and Handevidt were bandmates. With little confidence in his own vocal capabilities, Mustaine added'Lor' Kane to the Fallen Angels roster. Kane did not stay long, although he is credited for the suggestion that they should change the name to Megadeth, knowing that Mustaine had written a song of the same name. After Kane left, the first of many drummers, Dijon Carruthers, joined the band; the lineup of Mustaine, Ellefson and Carruthers was the first incarnation of Megadeth. After a series of unsuccessful vocalist auditions, Mustaine elected to take on vocal duties himself in addition to playing lead and rhythm guitar. In 1984, Megadeth cut a three-song demo with drummer Lee Rausch, who replaced Carruthers after Mustaine and Ellefson decided they couldn't trust him.
Carruthers had chosen to hide his black heritage
The Soling was a sailing event on the Sailing at the 1984 Summer Olympics program in Long Beach, Los Angeles County, California. Seven races were scheduled. 66 sailors, on 22 boats, from 22 nations competed. DNF = Did Not Finish, DNS= Did Not Start, DSQ = Disqualified, PMS = Premature Start, YMP = Yacht Materially Prejudiced = Male, = Female Richard B. Perelman. Official Report Los Angeles 1984,Volume 1: Organization and Planning. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee. Retrieved 2011-01-24. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Richard B. Perelman. Official Report Los Angeles 1984,Volume 2: Competition and Summary and Results. Los Angeles: Los Angeles Olympic Organizing Committee. Retrieved 2011-01-24. CS1 maint: extra text: authors list Kubatko, Justin. "Sailing at the 1984 Los Angeles Summer Games: Soling". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 2011-01-26. Hugh Drake & Paul Henderson. Canada's Olympic Sailing Legacy, Paris 1924 - Beijing 2008. Toronto: CYA
The Namsos campaign, in Namsos and its surrounding area involved heavy fighting between Anglo-French and Norwegian naval and military forces on the one hand, German military and air forces on the other in April and early May 1940. It was one of the first significant occasions during the Second World War when British and French land forces fought the German Army; when the Second World War broke out in September 1939, Norway followed a policy of neutrality, as it had done during the First World War, hoping to stay out of the war once again engulfing Europe. So Norway was at peace in April 1940 when it was attacked by naval and military forces from Nazi Germany. Unlike in the First World War, the Norwegian military was only mobilised, with the Royal Norwegian Navy and the coastal artillery being set up with skeleton crews; the Norwegian Army activated only a few battalions in North Norway as a precaution in connection with the Soviet Winter War invasion of Finland. Although the Norwegian Government had carried out a hurried modernisation of the military in the second half of the 1930s, the armed forces were still in a shambles.
Effects of the wide-ranging budget reductions carried out during the pacifist policies of the late 1920s and early 1930s were still apparent. In 1940, the Norwegian armed forces were among the weakest in Europe. There were several reasons for the German attack. Not least was a desire to secure the flow of iron ore from mines at Kiruna in the north of Sweden to Germany's war industries; the northern part of the Baltic Sea, called the Gulf of Bothnia, had a principal Swedish port called Luleå from where in the summer a quantity of ore was shipped. It was frozen in winter, so for several months each year the Swedes shipped most of their iron ore by rail through the ice-free port of Narvik in the far north of Norway. In a normal year, 80% of the iron ore was exported through Narvik; the only alternative in winter was a long rail journey to Oxelösund on the Baltic, south of Stockholm, not obstructed by ice. But, British information suggested that Oxelösund could ship only one fifth the amount Germany required.
Without the Swedish steel shipments through Narvik, the German war industry could not have produced as many tanks, guns and other weapons. The British Admiralty was investigating the possibility of introducing a Royal Navy fleet into the Baltic Sea in the spring of 1940 to interdict German seaborne trade during the summer months in that inland sea. This, would have been ineffective if the Narvik route remained open, but events overtook the Baltic scheme. The Germans rightly suspected that the British were planning to mine the Norwegian coastal waters used by German ore ships. British plans were well under way, spearheaded by the First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill, but the Germans got to Norway first. Narvik, Oslo and other major Norwegian towns were seized on the first day of the campaign in a surprise attack. Elements of the Norwegian army were fighting the Germans north of Oslo. Both the British and French prime ministers and their military advisers were of one mind in deciding to retake Trondheim, link up with the Norwegians and block a German advance north.
This would enable the Allies to interdict much of Germany's iron ore supplies. A bonus would be air and naval bases in northern Norway, it is at Trondheim that Norway becomes narrow, making it easier to block the Germans than further south. To turn the position, Germany would have to attack through Sweden, bringing that nation into the war on the Allied side. Retired Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes, MP urged Churchill to seize Trondheim from the Germans, using obsolete battleships if necessary, offered to lead the attack, it was planned to force the entrance to Trondheimsfjord with battleships knocking out the Norwegian coastal artillery forts at the entrance captured by the Germans. An amphibious landing would take the city, it was decided to land forces north and south of the fjord for a pincer attack on the city. The military officers responsible for these decisions were the chiefs of staff of the armed forces, Sir Dudley Pound of the Royal Navy, General Sir Edmund Ironside of the British Army and Air Chief Marshal Sir Cyril Newall of the Royal Air Force.
But the chiefs of staff of the British armed forces got cold feet. The forcing of the narrows was reduced to a demonstration, with the main thrust being the two pincers; this eliminated the immediate use of the Trondheim airfields by the RAF. It meant that the military forces would face German naval units in the fjord as well as Luftwaffe units in the air. Churchill was disappointed, but faced the combined opposition of his naval advisers as well as the heads of the army and air force, he had to back down. Keyes was apoplectic, this event, more than any, convinced him to join in an attack on the Government at the end of the Norwegian campaign. See the Norway Debate for particulars. Namsos a town of 3,615 people, was felt to be the logical spot to land the troops assigned to the northern pincer, because of its location and facilities; the harbour and approaches to Namsos are ice free all year. Because of the trade in lumber, by 1940 Namsos port was furnished with three good wharves with a depth alongside of 18 to 30 feet and lengths from 320 to 770 feet.
This made it suitable for smaller warships and transports to dock and to land troops and supplies for the recapture of Trondheim. In addition, Namsos was on a branch line connecting to the Nordland Line. A gravel road led some 130 miles south to Trondheim. Captain Frank Pegram of the cruiser HMS Glasgow, accompanied by the cruiser HMS Sheffield and ten dest