Gilda Susan Radner was an American comedian and actress, one of the seven original cast members for the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live. In her routines, Radner specialized in parodies of television stereotypes, such as advice specialists and news anchors, in 1977, she won an Emmy Award for her performances on the show, she portrayed those characters in her successful one-woman show on Broadway in 1979. Radner's SNL work established her as an iconic figure in the history of American comedy, she died from ovarian cancer in 1989. Her autobiography dealt frankly with her life and personal struggles, including those with the illness, her widower, Gene Wilder, carried out her personal wish that information about her illness would help other cancer victims and inspiring organizations that emphasize early diagnosis, hereditary factors and support for cancer victims. She was posthumously awarded a Grammy Award in 1990. Radner was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame in 1992. Radner was born in Detroit, Michigan, to Jewish parents, Henrietta, a legal secretary, Herman Radner, a businessman.
Through her mother, Radner was a second cousin of business executive Steve Ballmer. She grew up in Detroit with a nanny, Elizabeth Clementine Gillies, whom she called "Dibby", an older brother named Michael, she attended the exclusive University Liggett School in Detroit. Toward the end of her life, Radner wrote in her autobiography, It's Always Something, that during her childhood and young adulthood, she battled numerous eating disorders: "I coped with stress by having every possible eating disorder from the time I was nine years old. I have weighed as much as 160 pounds and as little as 93; when I was a kid, I overate constantly. My weight distressed my mother and she took me to a doctor who put me on Dexedrine diet pills when I was ten years old."Radner was close to her father, who operated Detroit's Seville Hotel, where many nightclub performers and actors stayed while performing in the city. He took her on trips to New York to see Broadway shows; as Radner wrote in It's Always Something, when she was 12, her father developed a brain tumor, the symptoms began so that he told people his eyeglasses were too tight.
Within days, he was bedridden and unable to communicate, remained in that condition until his death two years later. Radner graduated from Liggett and enrolled at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor in 1964. In Ann Arbor, Radner dropped out in her senior year to follow her boyfriend, Canadian sculptor Jeffrey Rubinoff, to Toronto, where she made her professional acting debut in the 1972 production of Godspell with future stars Eugene Levy, Andrea Martin, Victor Garber, Martin Short, Paul Shaffer. Afterward, Radner joined The Second City comedy troupe in Toronto. Radner was a featured player on the National Lampoon Radio Hour, a comedy program syndicated to some 600 U. S. radio stations from 1974 to 1975. Fellow cast members included John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Richard Belzer, Bill Murray, Brian Doyle-Murray, Rhonda Coullet. Radner gained name recognition as one of the original "Not Ready for Prime Time Players", the freshman group on the first season of Saturday Night Live, she was the first performer cast for the show, co-wrote much of the material that she performed, collaborated with Alan Zweibel on sketches that highlighted her recurring characters.
Between 1975 and 1980, she created characters such as obnoxious personal advice expert Roseanne Roseannadanna and "Baba Wawa", a parody of Barbara Walters. After Radner's death, Walters stated in an interview that Radner was the "first person to make fun of news anchors, now it's done all the time." She played the character Emily Litella, an elderly, hearing-impaired woman who gave angry and misinformed editorial replies on "Weekend Update". Additionally, Radner parodied celebrities such as Lucille Ball, Patti Smith, Olga Korbut in SNL sketches, she won an Emmy Award in 1978 for her work on SNL. In Rolling Stone's February 2015 appraisal of all 141 SNL cast members to date, Radner was ranked ninth in importance. " the most beloved of the original cast," they wrote. "In the years between Mary Tyler Moore and Seinfeld's Elaine, Radner was the prototype for the brainy city girl with a bundle of neuroses."Radner battled bulimia while on the show. She had a relationship with SNL castmate Bill Murray, with whom she worked at the National Lampoon, which ended badly.
Few details of their relationship or its end were made public. In It's Always Something, this is the one reference Radner made to Murray in the entire book: "All the guys liked to have me around because I would laugh at them till I peed in my pants and tears rolled out of my eyes. We worked together for a couple of years creating The National Lampoon Show, writing The National Lampoon Radio Hour, working on stuff for the magazine. Bill Murray joined the show and Richard Belzer..."In 1979, incoming NBC President Fred Silverman offered Radner her own primetime variety show, which she turned down. That year, she was a host of the Music for UNICEF Concert at the United Nations General Assembly. Alan Zweibel, who co-created the Roseanne Roseannadanna character and co-wrote Roseanne's dialogue, recalled that Radner, one of three original SNL cast members who stayed away from cocaine, chastised him for abusing it. While in character as Roseanne Roseannadanna, Radner gave the commencement address to the graduating class at the Columbia School of Journalism in 1979.
Radner had mixed emotions about
Eugene Levy, is a Canadian actor, producer and writer. He is the only actor to have appeared in all eight of the American Pie films, in his role as Noah Levenstein, he plays nerdy, unconventional figures, with his humour deriving from his excessive explanations of matters and the way in which he deals with sticky situations. Levy is a regular collaborator of actor-director Christopher Guest, appearing in and co-writing four of his films, commencing with Waiting for Guffman. Levy received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award, Canada's highest honour in the performing arts, in 2008, he was appointed to the Order of Canada on June 30, 2011. Levy was born to a Jewish family in Ontario, his mother was a homemaker and his father was a foreman at an automobile plant. He went to Westdale Secondary School, attended McMaster University, he was vice-president of the McMaster Film Board, a student film group, where he met moviemaker Ivan Reitman. An alumnus of both the Second City and the sketch comedy series Second City Television, Levy plays unusual supporting characters with nerdish streaks.
His best-known role on SCTV is the dimwitted Earl Camembert, a newsanchor for the "SCTV News" and a parody of real-life Canadian newsman Earl Cameron. Celebrities impersonated by Levy on SCTV include: Perry Como, Ricardo Montalban, Alex Trebek, Sean Connery, Howard Cosell, Henry Kissinger, Menachem Begin, Bud Abbott, Milton Berle, John Charles Daly, Gene Shalit, Judd Hirsch, Jack Carter, Muammar al-Gaddafi, Tony Dow, James Caan, Lorne Greene, Rex Reed, Ralph Young, F. Lee Bailey, Ernest Borgnine, former Ontario chief coroner Dr. Morton Schulman, Norman Mailer, Neil Sedaka and Howard McNear as Floyd the Barber. Original Levy characterizations on SCTV are comic Bobby Bittman, scandal sheet entrepreneur Dr. Raoul Withers, "report on business" naïf Brian Johns, 3-D horror auteur Woody Tobias Jr. cheerful Leutonian accordionist Stan Schmenge, lecherous dream interpreter Raoul Wilson, hammer-voiced sports broadcaster Lou Jaffe, diminutive union patriarch Sid Dithers, fey current-events commentator Joel Weiss, buttoned-down panel show moderator Dougal Currie, smarmy Just for Fun emcee Stan Kanter, energetic used car salesman Al Peck, guileless security guard Gus Gustofferson, Phil the Garment King, the inept teen dance show host Rockin’ Mel Slirrup.
Though he has been the "above the title" star in only two films and Dangerous and The Man, he has featured prominently in many films. He is the co-writer and frequent cast member of Christopher Guest’s mockumentary features A Mighty Wind, where his sympathetic performance as unstable folksinger Mitch Cohen won kudos. In the 1980s and 1990s, he appeared in Splash, National Lampoon’s Vacation, Club Paradise, Stay Tuned and other comedies. Levy was the creator of Maniac Mansion, a television sitcom based on the LucasArts video game of the same name, he was seriously considered for the role of Toby Ziegler on The West Wing, a role that went to actor Richard Schiff. Levy, along with his son Dan Levy, is co-creator of Schitt's Creek, he stars in the show alongside his son as head of the Rose family, Johnny Rose. His daughter, Sarah Levy, portrays the waitress at the Schitt ` s Creek diner. Levy's career received a tremendous boost in 1999, when he was cast as the clueless but loving dad in the blockbuster American Pie.
Reprising the role in three film sequels and starring in four straight-to-video sequels made him something of a cult hero. Levy has been quoted as saying the American Pie series was a particular turning point in his career, affording him "a new perspective on his career at the time". Since working on the first two American Pie movies, Levy has worked with Steve Martin and Queen Latifah in Bringing Down the House, appeared with Martin in Cheaper by the Dozen 2. Levy again appeared as his famous character, Noah Levenstein, in the fourth theatrical film in the American Pie series, American Reunion, he is the only actor to appear in all eight American Pie films Levy, along with Christopher Guest and Michael McKean, was awarded the 2003 Grammy Award for Best Song Written for a Motion Picture, Television, or Other Visual Media for the title song from A Mighty Wind. Levy appeared in the corner of a poster hanging outside the movie theatre in Springfield in the "See Homer Run" episode of The Simpsons..
In March 2006, it was announced. In 2002, the entire cast of SCTV was given a group star, although Levy is not mentioned on the actual star, he was still inducted as a part of the group; this makes him one of only four two-time honourees, alongside fellow SCTV alumni John Candy, Martin Short and Catherine O'Hara. Levy is one of only a handful of people who have won at least five Canadian Comedy Awards, including two for Best Writing and three for Best Male Performer. In 2008, the Governor General of Canada presented Levy with the Governor General's Performing Arts Awards, a lifetime achievement award considered "for their outstanding body of work and enduring contribution to the performing arts in Canada.". In 2010, Levy was a
Martin Hayter Short is a Canadian-American comedian, actor and writer. He is known for his work on the television programs Saturday Night Live, he has starred in comedy films, such as Three Amigos, Three Fugitives, Father of the Bride, Pure Luck, Captain Ron, Father of the Bride Part II, Mars Attacks!, Jungle 2 Jungle, The Santa Clause 3: The Escape Clause, created the characters Jiminy Glick and Ed Grimley. In 1999, he won a Tony Award for his lead performance in a Broadway revival of Little Me. Short was born in Hamilton, the youngest of five children of Olive Grace, a concertmistress of the Hamilton Symphony Orchestra, Charles Patrick Short, a corporate executive with Stelco, a Canadian steel company, he and his siblings were raised as Catholics. He had three older brothers, David and Brian, one older sister, Nora. Short's father was an Irish Catholic emigrant from Crossmaglen, South Armagh, who came to North America as a stowaway during the Irish War of Independence. Short's mother was of Irish descent.
She encouraged his early creative endeavours. His eldest brother, was killed in a car accident in Montréal, Québec, in 1962 when Short was 12, his mother died of cancer in 1968, his father two years of complications from a stroke. Short attended Westdale Secondary School and graduated from McMaster University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Work in 1971; when Short graduated from McMaster University, he intended to pursue a career in social work. Among other members of that production's cast were Victor Garber, Gilda Radner, Eugene Levy, Dave Thomas, Andrea Martin. Short stated in the documentary Love, Gilda that he and Gilda Radner dated each other on and off during that time, he was subsequently cast in several television shows and plays, including the drama Fortune and Men's Eyes. He worked in Canada through 1979. In 1979, Short starred in the US sitcom The Associates about a group of young novice lawyers working at a Wall Street law firm. In 1980, he joined the cast of I'm a Big Girl Now, a sitcom starring Danny Thomas.
Canova was offered the sitcom because of her success playing Corinne Tate Flotsky on ABC's Soap and left Soap shortly before Short's newlywed wife Nancy Dolman joined it. Short was encouraged to pursue comedy by McMaster classmates Eugene Levy and Dave Thomas, whom he joined in the improvisation group The Second City in Toronto, Ontario, in 1977, he came to public notice when the group produced a show for television, Second City Television or SCTV, which ran for several years in Canada the United States. Short appeared on SCTV in 1982–83. At SCTV, Short developed several characters before moving on to Saturday Night Live for the 1984–85 season: Talk show host Brock Linehan, based on the Canadian interviewer Brian Linehan Aged songwriter Irving Cohen thought to be loosely based on American composers Irving Caesar and/or Irving Berlin, but inspired by Sophie Tucker Entertainer Jackie Rogers, Jr. Current-events commentator Troy Soren Industrialist and art patron Bradley P. Allen Defense attorney Nathan Thurm Oddball man-child Ed Grimley featured on SNL and in his own short-lived animated television series in 1989 titled The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley, the only children's animated series adapted from an SCTV character and a Saturday Night Live character.
Short joined Saturday Night Live for the 1984–85 season. He helped revive the show with his many characters for season ten. "Short's appearance on SNL helped to revive the show's fanbase, which had flagged after the departure of Eddie Murphy, in turn, would launch his successful career in films and television." His SNL characters included numerous holdovers from his SCTV days, most notably, his Ed Grimley character, depicted on Saturday Night Live as a geeky everyman who finds himself in bizarre situations rather than a miscast bad actor in several film and TV show parodies. He did impressions of such celebrities as Jerry Lewis and Katharine Hepburn. In addition to his work on SCTV and SNL, Short has starred in several television specials and series of his own. In 1985, Short starred in the one-hour Showtime special, Martin Short: Concert for the North Americas; this was Short's first live concert, interspersed with studio sketches and a wraparound featuring Jackie Rogers Jr. Co-produced by the CBC, this aired as The Martin Short Comedy Special in Canada in March 1986.
In 1989, Short headlined another one-hour comedy special, this time for HBO, I, Martin Short, Goes Hollywood, Short's classic send-up of all things Hollywood. It featured many of his characters including Jackie Rogers Jr.. Short has had three television shows called The Martin Short Show, including a sitcom, The Martin Short Show, 1994. Short starred as Jiminy Glick on Comedy Central's Primetime Glick, he interviewed celebrities as the character Jiminy Glick. The New York Times in 2002 referred to the character as "the most unpredictable and hilariously uninhibited comic creation to hit TV since Bart Simpson was in diapers."In addition to his own series, Short has guest starred on several shows including Arrested Development, Muppets Tonight, Law & Orde
Durham, North Carolina
Durham is a city in and the county seat of Durham County in the U. S. state of North Carolina. The U. S. Census Bureau estimated the city's population to be 251,893 as of July 1, 2014, making it the 4th-most populous city in North Carolina, the 78th-most populous city in the United States. Durham is the core of the four-county Durham-Chapel Hill Metropolitan Area, which has a population of 542,710 as of U. S. Census 2014 Population Estimates; the US Office of Management and Budget includes Durham as a part of the Raleigh-Durham-Chapel Hill Combined Statistical Area, which has a population of 2,037,430 as of U. S. Census 2014 Population Estimates, it is the home of Duke University and North Carolina Central University, is one of the vertices of the Research Triangle area. The Eno and the Occoneechi, related to the Sioux and the Shakori and farmed in the area which became Durham, they may have established a village named Adshusheer on the site. The Great Indian Trading Path has been traced through Durham, Native Americans helped to mold the area by establishing settlements and commercial transportation routes.
In 1701, Durham's beauty was chronicled by the English explorer John Lawson, who called the area "the flower of the Carolinas." During the mid-1700s, Scots and English colonists settled on land granted to George Carteret by King Charles I. Early settlers built gristmills, such as West Point, worked the land. Prior to the American Revolution, frontiersmen in what is now Durham were involved in the Regulator movement. According to legend, Loyalist militia cut Cornwallis Road through this area in 1771 to quell the rebellion. William Johnston, a local shopkeeper and farmer, made Revolutionaries' munitions, served in the Provincial Capital Congress in 1775, helped underwrite Daniel Boone's westward explorations. Large plantations, Hardscrabble and Leigh among them, were established in the antebellum period. By 1860, Stagville Plantation lay at the center of one of the largest plantation holdings in the South. African slaves were brought to labor on these farms and plantations, slave quarters became the hearth of distinctively Southern cultural traditions involving crafts, social relations, life rituals and dance.
There were free African-Americans in the area as well, including several who fought in the Revolutionary War. Prior to the arrival of the railroad, the area now known as Durham was the eastern part of present-day Orange County and was entirely agricultural, with a few businesses catering to travelers along the Hillsborough Road; this road followed by US Route 70, was the major east-west route in North Carolina from colonial times until the construction of interstate highways. Steady population growth and an intersection with the road connecting Roxboro and Fayetteville made the area near this site suitable for a US Post Office, established in 1827. Durham's location is a result of the needs of the 19th century railroad industry; the wood-burning steam locomotives of the time had to stop for wood and water and the new North Carolina Railroad needed a depot between the settled towns of Raleigh and Hillsborough. The residents of what is now downtown Durham thought their businesses catering to livestock drivers had a better future than a new-fangled nonsense like a railroad and refused to sell or lease land for a depot.
A railway depot was established on land donated by Bartlett S. Durham in 1849. Durham Station, as it was known for its first 20 years, was just another depot for the occasional passenger or express package until early April 1865 when the Federal Army commanded by Major General William T. Sherman occupied the nearby state capital of Raleigh during the American Civil War; the last formidable Confederate Army in the South, commanded by General Joseph E. Johnston, was headquartered in Greensboro 50 miles to the west. After the surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia by Gen. Robert E. Lee at Appomattox, Virginia on April 9, 1865, Gen. Johnston sought surrender terms, which were negotiated on April 17, 18 and 26 at Bennett Place, the small farm of James and Nancy Bennett, located halfway between the army's lines about 3 miles west of Durham Station; as both armies passed through Durham and surrounding Piedmont communities, they enjoyed the mild flavor of the area's Brightleaf Tobacco, considered more pleasant to smoke or chew than was available back home after the war.
So they started sending letters to Durham to get more. The community of Durham Station grew before the Civil War, but expanded following the war. Much of this growth attributed to the establishment of a thriving tobacco industry. Veterans returned home after the war, with an interest in acquiring more of the great tobacco they had sampled in North Carolina. Numerous orders were mailed to John Ruffin Green's tobacco company requesting more of the Durham tobacco. W. T. Blackwell partnered with Green and renamed the company as the "Bull Durham Tobacco Factory"; the name "Bull Durham" is said to have been taken from the bull on the British Colman's Mustard, which Mr. Blackwell believed was manufactured in Durham, England. Mustard, known as Durham Mustard, was produced in Durham, England, by Mrs Clements and by Ainsley during the eighteenth century. However, production of the original Durham Mustard has now been passed into the hands of Colman's of Norwich, England; as Durham Station's population increased, the station became a town and wa
Andrea Louise Martin is an American actress, singer and comedian, best known for her work in the television series SCTV and Great News. She has appeared in films such as Black Christmas, Wag the Dog and the Angry Inch, My Big Fat Greek Wedding, My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2, Little Italy, she has lent her voice to the animated films Anastasia, The Rugrats Movie and Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius. Martin has been prolific in the world of theater, winning Tony Awards for both My Favorite Year and the 2013 revival of Pippin. Martin appeared on Broadway in Candide, Oklahoma!, Fiddler on the Roof, Young Frankenstein, Exit the King and Act One. She has received five nominations for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical, more than any other actress in the award's history, she received her first nomination for the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Play for the 2016 revival of Noises Off. She starred as Carol Wendelson on the NBC sitcom Great News. Andrea Martin was born in 1947 in Portland, the eldest of three children of Sybil A. and John Papazian Martin (Armenian: Ջոն Փազազյան Մարտին.
Her paternal grandparents were Armenian immigrants who moved to the U. S. from the Ottoman Empire to escape the Armenian Genocide. Her grandfather changed the family’s name from Papazian to Martin, her maternal grandparents were Armenians from Istanbul. Her father owned Martin's Foods, a grocery store chain. Soon after graduating from Emerson College, Martin won a role in a touring company of You're a Good Man, Charlie Brown. After frequent visits to Toronto, she relocated from New York City to Toronto in 1970 and found steady work in television and theater. In 1972, Martin played the character of Robin in a Toronto production of Godspell, with a company that included future stars Gilda Radner, Martin Short, Eugene Levy, Victor Garber, musical director Paul Shaffer. Two of her early film roles were in horror films, 1973's Cannibal Girls, for which she won the Sitges Film Festival Award for Best Actress, in 1974, as the bookish sorority sister Phyllis in Black Christmas, a Canadian slasher. In 1976, she joined then-unknowns John Candy, Dave Thomas, Eugene Levy, Catherine O'Hara, Harold Ramis and Joe Flaherty on the Canadian sketch comedy television series, SCTV, set at fictional television station "Second City Television", or SCTV, in Melonville.
Martin most notably portrayed leopard-print-wearing station manager Edith Prickley, whose dealings with the staff, including president/owner Guy Caballero, clueless newscaster Earl Camembert, washed-up actor Johnny LaRue, helped to provide much of the show's humor. Other notable characters Martin played included incomprehensible European immigrant Pirini Scleroso, organ saleswoman Edna Boil, feminist TV show host Libby Wolfson, children's entertainer Mrs. Falbo, her talent for impersonation was key in her humorous portrayals of Barbra Streisand, Ethel Merman, Arlene Francis, Pauline Kael, Sally Field, Sophia Loren, Beverly Sills, Lynn Redgrave, Linda Lavin, Bernadette Peters, Liza Minnelli, Connie Francis, Mother Teresa, Joni Mitchell, Alice B. Toklas, Patti Smith, Brenda Vaccaro and Indira Gandhi. In 1981, Martin was Emmy-nominated for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Variety Show for her work in SCTV, her 1970's stage work included the Toronto branch of the improvisational comedy troupe The Second City, a group which produced the entire cast of SCTV.
In 1992, she made her Broadway debut in the musical My Favorite Year, for which she won the Tony Award, Theatre World Award, Drama Desk Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Additional Broadway credits include Candide and Oklahoma!, the Broadway premiere of Young Frankenstein, all of which brought her Tony Award nominations for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Martin starred alongside Susan Sarandon in the Broadway revival of Exit the King. For her performance as Juliette, she was nominated for a Drama Outer Critics Circle Award, she wrote and performed in the critically acclaimed one-woman show Nude, Totally Nude in Los Angeles and New York City, receiving a 1996 Drama Desk Award for Outstanding One Person Show. Other theater credits include the leads in The Rose Tattoo and Betty's Summer Vacation, for which she won the Elliot Norton Award for Best Actress, both produced at The Huntington Theatre in Boston. During the winter of 2012–2013, she played Berthe, Pippin's grandmother, in the American Repertory Theater production of Pippin in Cambridge, singing the classic song "No Time At All".
The show transferred to Broadway at the Music Box Theatre and opened in April 2013. For Pippin Martin won the Drama Desk Award for Outstanding Featured Actress in a Musical, the Outer Critics Circle Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical and the Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical. Martin's last performance as Berthe in the Broadway production of Pippin was on September 22, 2013, she appeared on Broadway in the new play written and directed by James Lapine, Act One, for which she received the Outer Critics Circle Award. Martin has played Wanda the Word Fairy in numerous short segments on Sesame Street, she appeared on Kate & Allie as the executive producer of a low-rated cable channel, spun-off into her own CBS series, Roxie. Star Trek fans may recognize her as one of two actresses to play Ishka, Quark's iconoclastic mother on Star Trek: Deep Space Nine. For her role, she was made up to appear as an older woman, although in reality, Martin is less than three years older than Armin Shimerman, who played Quark.
She has won two Emmy Awards for Outstanding Writing in a Variety or Mus
John Franklin Candy was a Canadian comedian and actor known for his work in Hollywood films. Candy rose to fame as a member of the Toronto branch of the Second City and its related Second City Television series, through his appearances in such comedy films as Stripes, Cool Runnings, Summer Rental, Home Alone, The Great Outdoors and Uncle Buck, as well as more dramatic roles in Only the Lonely and JFK. One of his most renowned onscreen performances was as Del Griffith, the talkative shower-curtain ring salesman in the John Hughes comedy Planes and Automobiles. While filming the Western parody Wagons East, Candy died of a heart attack in Durango, Mexico, on March 4, 1994, aged 43, his final two films, Wagons East and Canadian Bacon, are dedicated to his memory. Candy was born on October 1950, in Newmarket, Ontario; the son of Sidney James Candy and Evangeline Candy, he was brought up in a working-class Roman Catholic family. Candy's father was of English and Scottish descent, while his mother was of Polish and Ukrainian descent.
Candy studied at Neil McNeil Catholic High School enrolled in the Centennial Community College to study journalism, went to McMaster University for higher education. Candy was interested in performing, he guest starred on a Canadian children's television series and made a small, uncredited appearance in Class of'44. He had a small part in The ABC Afternoon Playbreak and had a regular role on a TV series Dr. Zonk and the Zunkins. In 1975, he played Richie, an accused killer, in episode "Web of Guilt", on the Canadian TV show Police Surgeon, he was in It Seemed Like a Good Idea at the Time, shot in Canada, as well as the children's sitcom Coming Up Rosie with Dan Aykroyd. Candy had a small role in Tunnel Vision. In 1976, Candy played a supporting role on Peter Gzowski's short-lived, late-night television talk show, 90 Minutes Live; as a member of Toronto's branch of the Second City, he gained wide North American popularity, which grew when he became a cast member on the influential Toronto-based comedy-variety show Second City Television.
NBC picked the show up in 1981 and it became a fan favourite. It had won Emmy Awards for the show's writing in 1981 and 1982. Among Candy's SCTV characters were unscrupulous street-beat TV personality Johnny LaRue, 3-D horror auteur Doctor Tongue and amused talk-show sidekick William B. Williams, Melonville's corrupt Mayor Tommy Shanks. Other characters included the cheerful Leutonian clarinetist Yosh Shmenge, half of the Happy Wanderers and the subject of the mockumentary The Last Polka, folksy fishin' musician Gil Fisher, handsome if accent-challenged TV actor Steve Roman, Pippy Long Socks, hapless children's entertainer Mr. Messenger, corrupt soap-opera doctor William Wainwright, smut merchant Harry, "the Guy With the Snake on His Face", Giorgy, "everyone's favourite Cossack". Mimicry was one of Candy's talents, which he used at SCTV. Celebrities impersonated by Candy include Jerry Mathers, Orson Welles, Julia Child, Richard Burton, Silvio Gigante, Luciano Pavarotti, Jimmy the Greek, Andrew Sarris, Tip O'Neill, Don Rickles, Curly Howard, Merlin Olsen, Jackie Gleason, Tom Selleck, Gordon Pinsent, Darryl Sittler, Ed Asner, Gertrude Stein, Morgy Kneele, Doug McGrath, Hervé Villechaize.
During the series' run he appeared in films like The Clown Murders and had a lead in a low budget comedy, Find the Lady. He guest starred on shows like The David Steinberg Show and King of Kensington and had a small role in the thriller The Silent Partner. In 1979, Candy took a short hiatus from SCTV and began a more active film career, appearing in a minor role in Lost and Found and playing a US Army soldier in Steven Spielberg's big-budget comedy 1941, he returned to Canada for roles in The Courage of Kavik, the Wolf Dog and the thriller Double Negative. He had a supporting role as parole officer Burton Mercer in The Blues Brothers, starring Aykroyd and did an episode of Tales of the Klondike for Canadian TV. Candy played the lovable, mild-mannered Army recruit Dewey Oxberger in Stripes directed by Canadian Ivan Reitman, one of the most successful films of the year, he provided voices for multiple characters in the animated film Heavy Metal. From 1981-83 Candy appeared in SCTV Network on television.
He made a cameo appearance in Harold Ramis's National Lampoon's Vacation, his first collaboration with John Hughes, who wrote the script. Candy appeared on Saturday Night Live twice while still appearing on SCTV. According to writer-comedian Bob Odenkirk, Candy was reputedly the "most-burned potential host" of SNL, in that he was asked to host many times, only for plans to be changed by the SNL staff at the last minute. Candy headlined in the Canadian film Going Berserk, he was approached to play the character of accountant Louis Tully in Ghostbusters, starring Aykroyd and directed by Reitman, but did not get the role because of his conflicting ideas of how to play the character. Candy was one of the many celebrities who appeared chanting "Ghostbusters" in Ray Parker Jr.'s hit "single" for the movie. Candy played Tom Hanks's womanizing brother in the hit romantic comedy Splash considered his break-out role. Candy went back to Canada to star in The Last Polka which he wrote with co-star Eugene Levy.
He was Richard Pryor's best friend on Brewster's Millions and had a cameo in the Sesame Street film Follow That Bird. Candy's first lead role in a Hollywood f
Coca-Cola, or Coke, is a carbonated soft drink manufactured by The Coca-Cola Company. Intended as a patent medicine, it was invented in the late 19th century by John Stith Pemberton and was bought out by businessman Asa Griggs Candler, whose marketing tactics led Coca-Cola to its dominance of the world soft-drink market throughout the 20th century; the drink's name refers to two of its original ingredients: coca leaves, kola nuts. The current formula of Coca-Cola remains a trade secret, although a variety of reported recipes and experimental recreations have been published; the Coca-Cola Company produces concentrate, sold to licensed Coca-Cola bottlers throughout the world. The bottlers, who hold exclusive territory contracts with the company, produce the finished product in cans and bottles from the concentrate, in combination with filtered water and sweeteners. A typical 12-US-fluid-ounce can contains 38 grams of sugar; the bottlers sell and merchandise Coca-Cola to retail stores and vending machines throughout the world.
The Coca-Cola Company sells concentrate for soda fountains of major restaurants and foodservice distributors. The Coca-Cola Company has on occasion introduced other cola drinks under the Coke name; the most common of these is Diet Coke, along with others including Caffeine-Free Coca-Cola, Diet Coke Caffeine-Free, Coca-Cola Zero Sugar, Coca-Cola Cherry, Coca-Cola Vanilla, special versions with lemon and coffee. Based on Interbrand's "best global brand" study of 2015, Coca-Cola was the world's third most valuable brand, after Apple and Google. In 2013, Coke products were sold in over 200 countries worldwide, with consumers drinking more than 1.8 billion company beverage servings each day. Coca-Cola ranked No. 87 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. Confederate Colonel John Pemberton, wounded in the American Civil War and became addicted to morphine, began a quest to find a substitute for the problematic drug. In 1885 at Pemberton's Eagle Drug and Chemical House, a drugstore in Columbus, Georgia, he registered Pemberton's French Wine Coca nerve tonic.
Pemberton's tonic may have been inspired by the formidable success of Vin Mariani, a French-Corsican coca wine, but his recipe additionally included the African kola nut, the beverage's source of caffeine. It is worth noting that a Spanish drink called "Kola Coca" was presented at a contest in Philadelphia in 1885, a year before the official birth of Coca-Cola; the rights for this Spanish drink were bought by Coca-Cola in 1953. In 1886, when Atlanta and Fulton County passed prohibition legislation, Pemberton responded by developing Coca-Cola, a nonalcoholic version of Pemberton's French Wine Coca; the first sales were at Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta, Georgia, on May 8, 1886, where it sold for five cents a glass. Drugstore soda fountains were popular in the United States at the time due to the belief that carbonated water was good for the health, Pemberton's new drink was marketed and sold as a patent medicine, Pemberton claiming it a cure for many diseases, including morphine addiction, nerve disorders and impotence.
Pemberton ran the first advertisement for the beverage on May 29 of the same year in the Atlanta Journal. By 1888, three versions of Coca-Cola – sold by three separate businesses – were on the market. A co-partnership had been formed on January 14, 1888 between Pemberton and four Atlanta businessmen: J. C. Mayfield, A. O. Murphey, C. O. Mullahy, E. H. Bloodworth. Not codified by any signed document, a verbal statement given by Asa Candler years asserted under testimony that he had acquired a stake in Pemberton's company as early as 1887. John Pemberton declared that the name "Coca-Cola" belonged to his son, but the other two manufacturers could continue to use the formula. Charley Pemberton's record of control over the "Coca-Cola" name was the underlying factor that allowed for him to participate as a major shareholder in the March 1888 Coca-Cola Company incorporation filing made in his father's place. Charley's exclusive control over the "Coca-Cola" name became a continual thorn in Asa Candler's side.
Candler's oldest son, Charles Howard Candler, authored a book in 1950 published by Emory University. In this definitive biography about his father, Candler states: "... on April 14, 1888, the young druggist Asa Griggs Candler purchased a one-third interest in the formula of an completely unknown proprietary elixir known as Coca-Cola." The deal was between John Pemberton's son Charley and Walker, Candler & Co. – with John Pemberton acting as cosigner for his son. For $50 down and $500 in 30 days, Candler & Co. obtained all of the one-third interest in the Coca-Cola Company that Charley held, all while Charley still held on to the name. After the April 14 deal, on April 17, 1888, one-half of the Walker/Dozier interest shares were acquired by Candler for an additional $750. In 1892, Candler set out to incorporate a second company; when Candler had the earliest records of the "Coca-Cola Company" destroyed in 1910, the action was claimed to have been made during a move to new corporation offices around this time.
After Candler had gained a better foothold on Coca-Cola in April 1888, he was forced to sell the beverage he produced with the recipe he had under the names "Yum Yum" and "Koke". This was while Charley Pemberton was selling the elixir, although a cruder mixture, under the name "Coca-Cola", all with his father's blessing. After both names failed to catch on for Candler, by the middle of 1888, the Atlanta pharmacist was quite anxious t