click links in text for more info

Dave Winer

Dave Winer is an American software developer and writer who resides in New York City. Winer is noted for his contributions to outliners, content management, web services, as well as blogging and podcasting, he is the founder of the software companies Living Videotext, Userland Software and Small Picture Inc. a former contributing editor for the Web magazine HotWired, the author of the Scripting News weblog, a former research fellow at Harvard Law School, current visiting scholar at New York University's Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute. Winer was born on May 2, 1955, in Queens, New York City, the son of Eve Winer, Ph. D. a school psychologist, Leon Winer, Ph. D. a former professor of the Columbia University Graduate School of Business. Winer is the grandnephew of German novelist Arno Schmidt and a relative of Hedy Lamarr, he graduated from the Bronx High School of Science in 1972. Winer received a BA in Mathematics from Tulane University in New Orleans in 1976. In 1978 he received an MS in Computer Science from the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

In 1979 Dave Winer became an employee of Personal Software, where he worked on his own product idea named VisiText, his first attempt to build a commercial product around an "expand and collapse" outline display and which established outliners as a software product. In 1981 he founded Living Videotext to develop this still-unfinished product; the company was based in Mountain View, CA, grew to more than 50 employees. ThinkTank, based on VisiText, was released in 1983 for Apple II and was promoted as an "idea processor." It became the "first popular outline processor, the one that made the term generic." A ThinkTank release for the IBM PC followed in 1984, as well as releases for the Macintosh 128K and 512K. Ready, a RAM resident outliner for the IBM PC released in 1985, was commercially successful but soon succumbed to the competing Sidekick product by Borland. MORE, released for Apple's Macintosh in 1986, combined a presentation program, it became "uncontested in the marketplace" and won the MacUser's Editor's Choice Award for "Best Product" in 1986.

In 1987, at the height of the company's success, Winer sold Living Videotext to Symantec for an undisclosed but substantial transfer of stock that "made his fortune." Winer continued to work at Symantec's Living Videotext division, but after six months he left the company in pursuit of other challenges. Winer founded UserLand Software in 1988 and served as the company's CEO until 2002. UserLand's original flagship product, was a system-level scripting environment for the Mac, Winer's pioneering weblog, Scripting News, takes its name from this early interest. Frontier was an outliner-based scripting language, echoing Winer's longstanding interest in outliners and anticipating code-folding editors of the late 1990s. Winer became interested in web publishing while helping automate the production process of the strikers' online newspaper during San Francisco's newspaper strike of November 1994, According to Newsweek, through this experience, he "revolutionized Net publishing." Winer subsequently shifted the company's focus to online publishing products, enthusiastically promoting and experimenting with these products while building his websites and developing new features.

One of these products was Frontier's NewsPage Suite of 1997, which supported the publication of Winer's Scripting News and was adopted by a handful of users who "began playing around with their own sites in the Scripting News vein." These users included notably Chris Gulker and Jorn Barger, who envisaged blogging as a networked practice among users of the software. Winer was named a Seybold Fellow in 1997, to assist the executives and editors that comprised the Seybold Institute in ensuring "the highest quality and topicality" in their educational program, the Seybold Seminars. Keen to enter the "competitive arena of high-end Web development," Winer came to collaborate with Microsoft and jointly developed the XML-RPC protocol; this led to the creation of SOAP, which he co-authored with Microsoft's Don Box, Bob Atkinson, Mohsen Al-Ghosein. In December 1997, acting on the desire to "offer much more timely information," Winer designed and implemented an XML syndication format for use on his Scripting News weblog, thus making an early contribution to the history of web syndication technology.

By December 2000, competing dialects of RSS included several varieties of Netscape's RSS, Winer's RSS 0.92, an RDF-based RSS 1.0. Winer continued to develop the branch of the RSS fork originating from RSS 0.92, releasing in 2002 a version called RSS 2.0. Winer's advocacy of web syndication in general and RSS 2.0 in particular convinced many news organizations to syndicate their news content in that format. For example, in early 2002 The New York Times entered an agreement with UserLand to syndicate many of their articles in RSS 2.0 format. Winer resisted calls by technologists to have the shortcomings of RSS 2.0 improved. Instead, he turned its ownership over to Harvard University. With products and services based on UserLand's Frontier system, Winer became a leader in blogging tools from 1999 onwards, as well as a "leading evangelist of weblogs." In 2000 Winer developed the Outline Processor Markup Language OPML, an XML format for outlines, which served as the native file format for Radio UserLand's outliner application and has since been adopted for other uses, the most common being to exchange lists of web feeds between web feed aggregators.

UserLand was the first to add an "enclosure" tag in its RSS, modifying its blog software and its aggregator

Rob Moffat

Rob Moffat is a Scottish rugby union coach. He was the assistant coach at Edinburgh under Andy Robinson before taking over as head coach in 2009 and has been involved in coaching Scotland A, Glasgow Warriors and the Borders. On 31 January 2011 he was sacked by Edinburgh following a disappointing start to the season; as a PE teacher and head of department at Galashiels Academy Moffat taught the likes of Gregor Townsend, John Collins, Chris Paterson and Geoff Cross. He went on to take over from Jim Telfer as the Melrose coach in the early 1990s before becoming assistant coach at the Borders when the game turned professional in 1997; when that team was merged with Edinburgh he joined Glasgow before returning to the borders when the team was revived. When it was again disbanded in 2007 Moffat moved to Edinburgh where he was assistant under Robinson and coached Scotland A to the final of the 2008 Churchill Cup where they were defeated by England Saxons. In July 2009 Moffat took over the head coach roll at Edinburgh following Robinson's appointment as head coach of the national side.

In his first season they finished 6th in the Celtic League and failed to make progress from the pool stages of the Heineken Cup having won three of their matches. The 2010 Magners campaign got off to a poor start with three losses on the trot before managing to overcome Leinster with a bonus point win at home in Murrayfield. By January Edinburgh had climbed to 7th but a home loss to the Scarlets and failure to progress in the Heineken Cup with only one win in six saw Moffat's time as head coach come to an end. Moffat is now in charge of Merchiston Castle School. First XV and is Director of Rugby at the school, he left Merchiston Castle School at the end of the 2015-16 rugby season. Http://

Samson Siasia

Samson Siasia is a Nigerian former football striker and the former head coach of the Nigerian Men's National football team from 2010 to October 2011. He was reappointed in 2016. On 16 August 2019, international governing body of football, FIFA banned Siasia from the game for life, following a match-fixing investigation; the adjudicatory chamber of FIFA’s independent Ethics Committee stated that the former Nigerian coach pleaded guilty of having accepted “bribes in relation to the manipulation of matches in violation of the FIFA Code of Ethics”. At club level, Siasia most notably played for French team FC Nantes where he became league champion in 1994/95, he played for Australian club Perth Glory with fellow Nigerian Peter Anosike, as well as in Belgium, Saudi Arabia and Israel. He played 51 international matches for Nigeria, in which he scored thirteen goals, was part of the team that participated in the 1994 FIFA World Cup and won the 1994 African Nations Cup, he was a member of the Nigerian team that won bronze at 1992 African Nations Cup in Senegal.

He participated in the National Team over a period of 11 years and was recognized in Nigeria as the third leading scorer for the National Team. In November 2009, the main field at the Yenagoa Township Stadium was named in his honor. In 2005, Samson Siasia coached the under 20 team, taking them to the finals of both the 2005 Under-20 World Cup and the U-20 African Youth Championship, he won the African Youth Championship and advanced all the way to the world final – before losing to Argentina 2–1. He assisted Augustine Eguavoen in coaching the national team. Samson Siasia was appointed national U-23 coach in January 2007. In 2008, he coached the Nigerian Under-23 Olympic squad to the final against Argentina. In a superbly played series of matches, Nigeria's team earned the Olympic Silver Medals. Earlier in 2008, the U-23 team won the inaugural Intercontinental Cup in Malaysia; this team was composed of domestic Nigerian players and won the Cup against many teams headed for the 2008 Summer Olympics.

In addition to his position as head coach of the Under 23 Olympic Eagles, he developed a youth academy in the capital city Abuja, called SiaOne Soccer Academy. On 17 March 2009, he was reappointed as the head coach of the under-20 team after the finished a disappointing 3rd in the 2009 African Youth Championship, he received a six-month contract to coach Heartland F. C. in July 2010. On 4 November 2010, he was named as the national team coach to succeed Swedish Lars Lagerbäck, he was fired on 28 October 2011 for failing to take the Nigeria team to the 2012 African Nations Cup in Gabon & Equatorial Guinea. Siasia was one of the five foreign managers auctioned in February 2012 for the new Bengal Premier League Soccer, his former national teammate, Jay-Jay Okocha, was bought by the same club from the five icon players up for auction. On 26 February 2016, he was named by the Nigeria Football Federation as the Chief Coach of the Nigeria national football team, the Super Eagles, to be assisted by Salisu Yusuf, Emmanuel Amunike and Alloysius Agu after the resignation of Sunday Oliseh from the position.

He led Nigeria to the Rio Olympics. In February 2017 he was one of a number of managers on the shortlist for the vacant Rwanda national team manager role. In April 2018 he was one of 77 applicants for the vacant Cameroon national team job. In August 2019 he was handed a lifetime ban by FIFA related to match fixing, he was in no rush to do so. Official Web Site of Samson Siasia at Official Web Site of SiaOne Soccer Academy at Samson Siasia at

List of state leaders in 1480

This is a list of heads of state, heads of governments, other rulers in the year 1480. Ethiopian EmpireEskender Adal Sultanate – Shams ad-Din ibn Muhammad Kingdom of KongoJoão I, Manikongo Songhai EmpireSonni Ali Aztec EmpireAxayacatl Inca Empire – Tupac Muisca Confederation zaque Michuá zipa Saguamanchica TexcocoNezahualpilli, King of Texcoco Ayutthaya KingdomBorommatrailokkanat China - Chenghua Emperor Sultanate of Cirebon - Sunan Gunungjati Delhi SultanateBahlul Khan Lodi Japan Monarch – Emperor Go-Tsuchimikado Ashikaga shogunate - Ashikaga Yoshihisa JoseonSeongjong Ryukyu KingdomShō Shin Kingdom of AragonFerdinand II BurgundyMary, Duchess of Burgundy Crown of CastileIsabella I Crimean KhanateMeñli I Giray Denmark and NorwayChristopher I, King of Denmark, King of Norway Kingdom of EnglandEdward IV Kingdom of France - Louis XI Holy Roman EmpireFrederick III Duchy of MilanGian Galeazzo Sforza Kingdom of HungaryMatthias Corvinus Khanate of Kazan – Ibrahim of Kazan Kingdom of León – Isabella I of Castile Principality of MoldaviaStephen III the Great Grand Duchy of MoscowIvan III Kingdom of NaplesFerdinand I Kingdom of NavarreFrancis Phoebus Ottoman EmpireMehmed II, the Conqueror, Ottoman Sultan Papal StatesPope Sixtus IV Polish–Lithuanian union – Casimir IV, Grand Prince of Lithuania, King of Poland Kingdom of Portugal and the Algarves – Monarch – Afonso V Co-regent – Prince John Kingdom of ScotlandJames III Kingdom of SwedenSten Sture the Elder, Regent Principality of Tver – Mikhail III, Grand Prince of Tver Republic of VeniceGiovanni Mocenigo, Doge of Venice Kingdom of CyprusCatherine Cornaro Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt – Qait Bay

Shyam Bihari Prasad Sinha

Air Marshal Shyam Bihari Prasad Sinha, PVSM, AVSM, VM,ADC is a retired officer of Indian Air Force who served as Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, Central Air Command from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2018. He was succeeded by Air Marshal Rajesh Kumar. AVSM, VM. Sinha is an alumnus of National Defence Academy and Defence Services Staff College, Wellington, he has taken the Operational Electronic Warfare course in France and the Executive course on Security Studies in United States. Sinha was commissioned into the fighter stream of the Indian Air Force on 15 June 1980, he has experience on many different types of fighters. He held several key operational and administrative appointments at various stages of his service including the Commanding Officer of a MiG-21 Squadron, he is Instrument Rating Instructor and Examiner. He was the Commodore Commandant of No. 7 Squadron. During 38 years of his career, he has been awarded several medals: two Presidential medals, the Ati Vishisht Seva Medal, the Vayu Sena Medal. and the Param Vishisht Seva Medal.

He is married to Alpana Sinha and they have a son. His brother B B P Sinha was an Air Marshal in the Indian Air Force


A dipleidoscope is an instrument used to determine true noon, its name comes from the Greek for double image viewer. It consists of a prism that creates a double image of the sun; when the two images overlap, it is local true noon. The instrument is capable of determining true noon to within ten seconds; the dipleidoscope was invented by Giovanni Battista Amici in the first half of the 19th century. Edward John Dent, a chronometer and clockmaker in London, was working in the 1830s on a simple contrivance that would allow the public to set clocks based on the transit of the sun. By 1840 he felt he had come to a suitable design using shadows, however when he communicated his ideas to Mr J. M. Bloxam, he found he had been working on his own design using reflections, which Dent felt was superior; the two formed a partnership and worked together on the device, after a further 2 years work they finalised the design and patented it, with Mr Dent manufacturing and selling it as Dent's Dipleidoscope. The instrument could use the moon as well as the sun and when calibrated and aligned the accuracy was said to be less than a second.

Dent exhibited the device at the Great Exhibition of 1851. After Edward Dent died in 1853, his son Frederick William Dent took over manufacture; the significance of this device relates in part to the development of the railways, when an absolute knowledge of the time became more important, whereas it was sufficient that an entire rural community would use the parish clock, this would periodically be set by'the announcement of the guard of the mail coach' or similar. The instrument came with a detailed instruction booklet, which had a substantial section on correcting local time to Greenwich Mean time. A dipleidoscope of the National Observatory of Athens