David Albert Charles Armstrong-Jones, 2nd Earl of Snowdon, styled as Viscount Linley until 2017 and known professionally as David Linley, is an English furniture maker and a former chairman of the auction house Christie's UK. The son of Princess Margaret and Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, he is therefore a nephew of Queen Elizabeth II, a grandson of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; as of May 2019, he is 21st in the line of succession to the British throne, where he is the first person, not a direct descendant of the Queen. At the time of his birth in 1961, he was fifth. David Albert Charles Armstrong-Jones was born on 3 November 1961, in Clarence House, the first son of Princess Margaret and Antony Armstrong-Jones, 1st Earl of Snowdon, he was baptised on 19 December 1961 in the Music Room at Buckingham Palace. His godparents are: Queen Elizabeth II, Lady Elizabeth Cavendish, Patrick Plunket, 7th Baron Plunket, Lord Rupert Nevill, Reverend Simon Phipps, Bishop of Lincoln.
At the age of five, Snowdon started lessons in the Buckingham Palace schoolroom with his cousin Prince Andrew. He went to several independent schools: first, to Gibbs Pre-Preparatory School in Kensington in London, followed by the pre-preparatory section of Ashdown House School, East Sussex on to Millbrook House School, near Abingdon, in Oxfordshire, to Bedales School, where he developed a passion for arts and crafts. From 1980 to 1982 he studied at Parnham House in the small town of Beaminster in Dorset, for craftsmen in wood. Snowdon has one full sister, Lady Sarah Chatto, one paternal half-sister, Lady Frances von Hofmannsthal. Snowdon has a half-brother, Jasper Cable-Alexander, son of his father and Melanie Cable-Alexander, an editor at Country Life magazine. Snowdon opened a workshop in Dorking, where he designed and made furniture for three years before setting up his own company, David Linley Furniture Limited, where he makes bespoke furniture and interior design products known for their neoclassical appearance and use of inlaid woods.
He lectured around the world. His work is sold in retail stores in Belgravia and overseas including the Bespoke Collection, he borrowed from his company by causing it to make loans, acquiring some £3 million in debts, a situation resolved by sale of controlling shares for £4 million in 2012. He thereby lost control of the company. On 1 December 2006, Snowdon took up the post of chairman of Christie's UK, having joined the board in 2005 as a non-executive director. In 2015, his position was changed to honorary chairman of Christie's EMERI. In the past, Snowdon dabbled in the restaurant business, with his friend and second cousin Patrick Lichfield to establish a restaurant called Deals in Chelsea, London. According to Princess Margaret's biographer, Theo Aronson, Snowdon had a flair for the networking aspect of business and was successful in getting people to come through the doors. Snowdon's father, the first Earl, was a member of the House of Lords, by virtue of his being granted a peerage; when the House of Lords was reformed in 1999 and most hereditary peers lost their seats, he was given a life peerage.
An offer of a life peerage was made to all hereditary peers of the first creation at that time. The second Earl, did not inherit a place in the House of Lords along with his title. However, in 2018 Snowdon became a candidate in a by-election to fill a vacancy among the ranks of the crossbench peers. Only hereditary peers are eligible to stand in this election, only the 31 sitting in the Lords as crossbenchers are eligible to vote. Unlike other candidates, Snowdon did not write a statement accompanying his announcement of candidacy, he withdrew from consideration for the seat. His candidacy had "raised eyebrows" due to his relation to the royal family. On 8 October 1993, Snowdon married Hon. Serena Alleyne Stanhope, a daughter of Viscount Petersham at St. Margaret's Church, Westminster. There were 650 guests in attendance, Queen Elizabeth II. Through her father, Stanhope descends from Charles II of England's illegitimate child, Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton. Snowdon and his wife have two children: Charles Patrick Inigo Armstrong-Jones, Viscount Linley, studying Product Design Engineering at Loughborough University Lady Margarita Elizabeth Rose Alleyne Armstrong-Jones, a jewellery maker.
From 2000 until 2002, his wife and son lived at Kensington Palace with his mother, Princess Margaret, in her declining years. On 8 April 2002, along with the Prince of Wales, the Duke of York, the Earl of Wessex, "stood guard" at the lying-in-state of their grandmother, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother; this Vigil of the Princes had taken place only once before, during the lying-in-state of King George V in 1936. In October/November 2007, rumours circulated on the internet suggesting that a member of the British royal family was the victim of blackmail; the first confirmation that the royal in the extortion attempt was indeed Viscount Linley, as Snowdon wa
Impact Teen Drivers is an organization intended to help teens reduce their risk of being involved in auto collisions those caused by everyday distractions and inexperienced decision making. Impact Teen Drivers was founded in mid-2007 by the California Association of Highway Patrolmen, California Casualty Management Company, the California Teachers Association; the Executive Board consists of CEO California Association of Highway Patrolmen Jon Hamm, Senior Vice President of California Casualty George Bowen, Executive Director California Teachers Association Carolyn Doggett, CHP Commissioner Joe Farrow, California State Superintendent Jack O'Connell, Parent Representative Robin Reid-Anderson. Impact Teen Drivers is led by Executive Director Dr. Kelly Browning. Jon Hamm conceived the idea because of the large number of crashes involving youth that the California Highway Patrol respond to. California Casualty is the founding sponsor. California Association of Highway Patrolmen, California Teachers Association, California Office of Traffic Safety, California Department of Motor Vehicles, California Highway Patrol, California Department of Education, California State PTA, RADD The Entertainment Industry's Voice for Road Safety are sponsors.
Funding and support comes from private donations and other organizations. Impact Teen Drivers sends free teaching materials to high schools, driving schools, law enforcement agencies, other interested parties. Teaching materials are available free online. Impact Teen Drivers creates an online social network through Facebook; the first campaign was rolled out in May 2008 and the second was March 2009. Fall 2009 was the start of a new campaign “What do you consider lethal?” Including the launching of the new teen-centered site of the same name. Dr. Browning was interviewed by the New York Times in August 2009 about a graphic video produced about the dangers of distracted driving and possible cell phone technology that could help prevent phone related collisions. Spring campaigns coincide with California Teen Safe Driving Week. Resolutions are sponsored by California State Senators and Assembly Members. Past sponsors include: April 2008 Assembly Member Pedro Nava and Assembly Member Mike Feuer, March 2009 Senator Alan Lowenthal and Assembly Member Mike Eng, March 2010 Senator Alan Lowenthal and Assembly Member Cathleen Galgiani.
Gennaro Ivan "Rino" Gattuso is a retired Italian footballer, the current manager of Napoli. As a player, he played in the centre as a defensive midfielder, although he was capable of playing on the wing, he played for Perugia and Rangers, though he is remembered for his time with Milan in Serie A, where he won the Champions League, in 2002–03 and 2006–07, the Coppa Italia in 2002–03, the Serie A title in 2003–04 and 2010–11. In addition to these titles, he won two Italian Supercups, two UEFA Supercups, a FIFA Club World Cup. At international level, he represented the Italy national football team at the 2000 Summer Olympics, three FIFA World Cups, two UEFA European Championships, the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup. Gattuso's talismanic midfield partnership with playmaker Andrea Pirlo, both at club and international level, played a key role in Italy's World Cup victory in 2006, as well as Milan's domestic and international successes during the mid-2000s. Despite not being blessed with notable technical skills, Gattuso's pace and work-rate complemented and supported Pirlo's composed, creative playing style, while his energy and hard-tackling style of play enabled him to make a name for himself as one of the best players in the world in his position.
In addition to his ball-winning abilities, Gattuso was renowned for his competitive nature and leadership qualities throughout his career wearing the captain's armband for Milan following Paolo Maldini's retirement. Gattuso's managerial career began as player-manager of his final club, Sion of the Swiss Super League, he had short spells in charge of Palermo and OFI Crete. In June 2016, he led Pisa to Serie B promotion. Gattuso was born in Italy, he started his career with Umbrian side Perugia, but transferred in July 1997, at the age of 19, to the Scottish team Rangers. Walter Smith, who brought Gattuso to Glasgow, left the club in 1998. Smith's successor, Dick Advocaat, did not favour Gattuso and, after being played out-of-position as a right-back, the Italian was sold in October 1998 to recently promoted Serie A club Salernitana for £4 million. Despite his good performances, it was not enough to prevent the relegation of his side. Gattuso was bought by Milan for €8 million from Salernitana in the summer of 1999.
He made his debut with the club on 15 September 1999, in a 0–0 away draw with Chelsea in the UEFA Champions League. During his time at the club, Gattuso's work-rate and versatility as a ball-winner allowed Milan manager Carlo Ancelotti to place midfield playmaker Andrea Pirlo alongside him in a more creative, attacking position, while Gattuso supported him in a deeper role, as a defensive midfielder. Gattuso signed a contract extension with Milan in June 2003 and in October 2004. During this period, Gattuso reached the 2005 UEFA Champions League Final with Milan, only to be defeated by Liverpool on penalties, after leading 3–0 at half-time. Gattuso played his 300th game for the club in a goalless Champions League draw against Lille on 26 September 2006, he extended his current deal with Milan until 2011 on 1 February 2007. On 23 May 2007, Gattuso won the Champions League for the second time in his career when Milan beat Liverpool 2–1 in the final. After winning the FIFA Club World Cup, on 27 December 2007, Gattuso trained with his former club Rangers to regain fitness during the Serie A winter break whilst his wife was visiting family in Scotland over Christmas.
The following December, Gattuso suffered a torn Anterior cruciate ligament early on in the 1–0 league win against Catania. Despite the injury, Gattuso played the entire 90 minutes before being diagnosed by the club doctors after the match, he underwent surgery to repair the damage on 19 December 2008 in Belgium. He was expected to miss up to six months of action but managed to return to the Milan bench on 10 May against Juventus, a month ahead of schedule. On 22 August 2009, he made his 400th appearance with Milan in the opening match of the 2009–10 Serie A season against Siena, wearing the captain's armband, it was confirmed by Milan on 14 December 2009 that Gattuso would remain a Milan player until 30 June 2012, after adding one more year to his current contract. The 2010–11 season with Milan was one of Gattuso's best seasons of his career, saw him end a three-year goal drought with a left-footed strike from outside the box, which proved to be the decisive goal in a 1–0 victory over Juventus on 5 March 2011.
Gattuso celebrated another goal in a 4–1 victory against Cagliari with a long-distance header that beat the goalkeeper, off his line. Gattuso celebrated Milan's 18th Scudetto victory after a scoreless draw against Roma on 7 May. Gattuso had been experiencing vision problems in early September 2011, a few days before the season kicked off. On 9 September 2011, Gattuso crashed into teammate Alessandro Nesta whilst playing against Lazio in Milan's opening Serie A game of the 2011–12 season, he was substituted off directly afterward in the 20th minute and diagnosed with a left sixth cranial nerve palsy, resulting in double visio
Cola Cao is a sugary chocolate drink with vitamins and minerals that originated in Barcelona, Spain and is now produced and marketed in several countries. The brand is owned by the Valencia-based company Idilia Foods. Cola Cao is prepared using sugar, processed cocoa, wheat flour and cola nut, is enriched with vitamins and Phosphorus. Cola Cao comes in a powder form, intended to be mixed with milk, but can be mixed with water or soya milk, it can be added to breakfast cereal or used as a baking ingredient. In Spain in particular, Cola Cao is a popular accompaniment to lunch or dinner; the "Cola Cao song" used to promote the product in 1952 is a nostalgia item. Its first verses are still remembered: "Yo soy aquel negrito del África Tropical / que cultivando cantaba la canción del Cola Cao /...". Cola Cao has been marketed in association with other sporting events. Cola Cao in powder form is sold in containers of various sizes, it is produced in liquid form, purveyed in plastic bottles. Cola Cao is exported to various countries such as Spain, Chile and Herzegovina and China, where Nutrexpa offices are located.
It was introduced to Japan in early 1990s only to be discontinued a few years however in 2007 "Cola cao Chocolate Roll Cakes" manufactured in China are sold at dollar stores. Cola Cao factories have production lines unique to each region: European market: Factory in Barcelona, SpainCola Cao Original, Turbo, Energy and more. South American market: Factory in Santiago, ChileCola Cao Original, Light Cola Cao CerealAsian market: Factory in Tianjin, ChinaCola Cao Original, Fruit Flavor Cola Cao Roll Cake Cola Cao Spread List of chocolate beverages Official website
Nose, Iranian Style is a 2005 Iranian documentary film directed by Mehrdad Oskouei. It is about nose jobs in Iran; the documentary employs a semi-comedic tone, with the title referencing the earlier film Divorce, Iranian Style. Nose, Iranian Style relates the trend to politics, with it and the 2007 documentary Tehran: 11 pm connecting it to the importance of appearance, given the taboo of men and women directly and interacting. However, Oskouei said the film was a critique of excessive consumerism. Variety critic Deborah Young positively reviewed Nose, Iranian Style as "A surprising, compulsively watchable documentary." It became Oskouei's most famous film internationally. 18th Int'l Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam Nomination Golden MovieSquad DOC U! Award Salaam DK – Multi cultural Film Festival 2nd Ukrainian Int’l Documentary Film Festival “Contact” 3rd EBS Int’l Documentary Film Festival Oslo Documentary Film Festival 5th Tek Film Festival Sixth Biennial of Iranian Studies in Iran Heritage 5th Int’l Documentary & Short Films Festival 1th Irans Film Festival Rio de Janeiro Int'l Film Festival 9th Int’l 1001 documentary Film Festival Film From the South Museum of Fine Arts US Jakarta Int’l Film Festival UCLA Film & Television Archive Aljazeera Int'l Film Festival Syracuse Int'l Film Festival Visual Representations of Iran.
Berlins Cinema Babylon Faito Documentary Film Festival Belmont World Film 6th Planet Documentary Review Film Festival “Retrospective of Mehrdad Oskouei”,s films, Images Cinema “Retrospective of Mehrdad Oskouei”, DAS IRANISCHE WIEN, Filmarchiv Austria Nose Iranian Style on IMDb
The Valorous Unit Award is the second highest United States military unit decoration which may be bestowed upon a military unit after the Presidential Unit Citation. The VUA is awarded by the United States Army to units of the United States Armed Forces or cobelligerent nations which display extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States on or after 3 August 1963; the unit degree of heroism required is considered the equivalent of the individual degree of heroism required for the Silver Star, awarded for gallantry in action. As a result of a request from the Commander, USMACV, to expand the scope of the Meritorious Unit Commendation to include acts of valor, a review of the unit awards program was conducted in 1965; the study concluded. The Distinguished Unit Citation was awarded for gallantry in action for heroism that would warrant the Distinguished Service Cross for an individual. There was no lesser unit award for heroism. Based on the study, it was recommended the scope of the Meritorious Unit Commendation be expanded to include acts of heroism.
The CSPER disapproved the recommendation and in a memorandum to the CSA, dated 7 January 1966, it recommended a Valorous Unit Award be adopted to signify unit gallantry in combat to a degree equivalent to that required for award of a Silver Star to an individual. The recommendation with the proposed design was approved by the Chief of Staff, Army, on 12 January 1966; the Valorous Unit Award Emblem is worn by all members of the cited unit. The emblem is considered an individual decoration, those members of the unit awarded the VUA continue to wear the emblem after they leave the unit. Other personnel assigned to the unit awarded the VUA who were not members of the unit during the time of action for the award, may wear the emblem to indicate the unit they serve in has received the VUA, but these members of the unit can no longer wear the emblem once they leave the unit; the Valorous Unit Award is to be awarded to units of the United States Armed Forces for extraordinary heroism in action against an armed enemy of the United States while engaged in military operations involving conflict with an opposing foreign force or while serving with friendly foreign forces engaged in an armed conflict against an opposing armed force in which the United States is not a belligerent part for actions occurring on or after 3 August 1963.
The VUA requires a lesser degree of gallantry and esprit de corps than that required for the Presidential Unit Citation. The unit must have performed with marked distinction under difficult and hazardous conditions in accomplishing its mission so as to set it apart from the other units participating in the same conflict; the degree of heroism required is the same as that which would warrant award of the Silver Star to an individual. Extended periods of combat duty or participation in a large number of operational missions, either ground or air, is not sufficient; this award will be earned by units that have participated in single or successive actions covering brief time spans. It is not reasonable to presume that entire units can sustain Silver Star performance for extended time periods under the most unusual circumstances. Only on rare occasions will a unit larger than a battalion qualify for this award; the ribbon worn to represent award of the Valorous Unit Award is 1 7/16 inches wide and 9/16 inch in height.
The emblem consists of a 1/16 inch wide Gold frame with laurel leaves which encloses a ribbon of the pattern of the Silver Star Medal ribbon centered on a Red ribbon. The stripe dimensions of the ribbon are: 3/8 inch Old Glory Red 67156; the streamers are the same pattern as the Silver Star Medal ribbon. The current components of the award are the VUA emblems and citations awarded to the members of the unit, the VUA streamer for display on the unit flag/guidon. Valorous Unit Award: MIL-D-3943/32 and MIL-R-11589/154. NSN-8455-00-964-4296. Streamer: MIL-S-14650/5. Manual requisition in accordance with Chapter 9, Army Regulation 840-10. Awards and decorations of the United States military Awards and decorations of the United States Army List of military decorations