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Bea Mahaffey

Bea Mahaffey was an American science fiction fan and editor. She met Raymond Palmer in 1949 at the World Science Fiction Convention in Cleveland, was hired to assist him at Clark Publications, his publishing company, she worked on Other Worlds from May 1950. She was listed as coeditor from November 1952 to July 1953 and from May 1955 to November 1955, she coedited both Science Stories and Universe Science Fiction with Palmer, along with the first four issues of Mystic Magazine, from November 1953 to May 1954. Science fiction historians Mike Ashley and E. F. Casebeer both consider that she had a strong positive influence on the magazines, was responsible for acquiring much of the better material Palmer published. After Palmer closed his offices in Evanston, Illinois in 1955, Mahaffey continued to work on the magazine by mail from Cincinnati. In 1956, an unexpected tax bill forced Palmer to lay off Mahaffey, he ran the magazine by himself from that point on. Mahaffey was popular with male science fiction fandom in the 1950s.

Ashley, Mike. "Other Worlds Science Stories". In Tymn, Marshall B.. Science Fiction and Weird Fiction Magazines. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. Pp. 457–466. ISBN 0-313-21221-X. Ashley, Mike. Transformations:The Story of the Science-Fiction Magazines from 1950 to 1970. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-779-4. Casebeer, E. F.. "Universe Science Fiction". In Tymn, Marshall B.. Science Fiction and Weird Fiction Magazines. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Press. Pp. 692–694. ISBN 0-313-21221-X. Nadis, Fred; the Man From Mars: Ray Palmer's Amazing Pulp Journey. New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Penguin. ISBN 978-0-399-16054-7

Ihwa Mural Village

Ihwa Mural Village, is an area of Ihwa-dong, Seoul near Naksan Park, revitalized by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism's public art "Ihwa-dong Naksan Project" in 2006, with paintings and installation art of about 70 artists. It is a popular destination for both locals and international tourists for its murals and scenic setting. Ihwa Mural Village is located between Dongdaemun Station, just below Naksan Park. In 2006, when the public art project started, Ihwa-dong, one of Seoul's oldest neighbourhoods, was a decaying suburb designated for demolition, home to poor families and elderly people; the government's Ministry of Culture and Tourism "Art in the City" campaign set about to improve conditions in some of these areas, included the Ihwa-dong Naksan Project in Iwha-dong and Dongsung-dong near Daehangno in central Seoul. Ihwa-dong is adjacent to Changgyeonggung Palace on the slopes of Mount Naksan. Jongno-gu's mural village sits at the foot of Naksan Park and is called "Ihwa village" or "Ihwa mural village".

Ihwa-dong and Dongsung-dong were culturally isolated towns despite their location near the busy college area of Daehangno, the historic neighborhood of Dongdaemun with its many tourist activities. Ihwa-dong was one of South Korea's many daldongnae or'moon villages', a name derived from their hilltop locations, traditionally thought to offer a better view of the moon than the cities below, they were inhabited by working class and poor people who couldn't afford housing in flat or central parts of the city. The mural village sat against the old boundary walls of the capital and was a place where refugees squatted after the end of the Korean War in the 1950s, building homes wherever they could. Many residents worked in the nearby garment and textile industries in Changsin-dong making items sold at Dongdaemun Market. But, as other neighborhoods prospered in the 80's and 90's, with high-rise apartment towers, the redevelopment of early 2000, residents started moving away, draining the neighborhood's vitality.

The village was part of the history of street paintings in South Korea, with locals and visiting artists carrying out similar projects around the country. In the mural village and surroundings became part of the art; the 2006 project took about six months, with citizens and college students, including nearby Hansung University students recruited to volunteer. About 70 artists participated with the paintings and installation art that covered the walls, homes, businesses and schools. One of the artworks was a wall of the neighborhood police station, painted with white eagles and Korea's national flower, the Rose of Sharon. Over the years, the art had a continued evolution of changes; the region at the foot of Naksan Park is a preamble to the mural village with its steel art structures. The park was established in 2002 to increase green areas in the region and restore the historical site, as much of the mountain area was destroyed during the Japanese colonial era and again during re-development projects of the 1960s.

It is one of the most popular photo spots, sculptures include a gentleman and dog walking towards the sky and a couple holding hands and looking at each other. The 2006 art project brought people back, a sense of community with art collectives and communal gardens, but the influx of tourists and their littering and graffiti made long-term residents of the neighborhood wonder if the changes were for the better. About a year after the project began, they requested the removal of many of the murals, amounting to half the original art. In 2010, the KBS2 entertainment show 2 Days & 1 Night with Lee Seung-gi was filmed in the village and made a "wing mural" with two white angel wings so popular among tourists that the resident removed the artwork. More wing murals were painted elsewhere. In 2012, it was used by the SBS drama Rooftop Prince as a filming location, where Lee Gak had a date with Park-ha, which became a stop on the typical Korean Wave tour course. In 2013, Jongno-gu's tourism division started the "Silent Campaign", "to help visitors understand that the village is someone’s home", said staffer Lee Sun-min.

Lim Young-suk, one of the artists involved in both the 2006 and 2013 projects, said the connection forged between art, the residents and visitors is at the heart of the village, "You come up, you’re in a village where everybody knows everybody, you go down and you’re in the city. Up here, everybody enjoys life together."Also, in 2013, artists united again and added another 60 displays, which brought the total number of works to more than a hundred. Professional artists, students from Kookmin University, Konkuk University, Chung-Ang University, Dankook University and Ewha Womans University made contributions. By 2015 it had become more popular with locals and a tourist destination for international travelers, with a continued tourism spike that year; the influx of visitors to the village continued to create problems for local residents, including a loss of privacy. In April 2016, this resulted in the removal of more artwork by residents; the most popular mural in the village, called'flower staircase', renovated in 2013 with colored irregular tiles, was painted over with grey paint, along with another mural'fish staircase'.

Efforts were being made by government and locals to build a better relationship between residents and visitors. Local artists addressed t

All Star United

All Star United is a Christian rock band, formed by solo artist Ian Eskelin in 1996. The band is known for clever and sometimes sarcastic lyrics, as they use their songs as vehicles to lampoon perceived excesses in Western culture, their musical style combines elements of alternative rock and Britpop, anchored by melodically powerful choruses. All Star United has released five full-length albums, a collector's EP, a "best of" collection that included two unreleased songs, their latest full-length project was released internationally in 2009, but the US release was delayed until early 2010 and includes an additional radio single "Beautiful Way." The band has had several No. 1 charting songs in the United States, including the songs "Smash Hit" and "Superstar". They had a No. 1 single in Singapore titled "If We Were Lovers". Band leader and founder, Eskelin has released three solo projects and writes and produces for a variety of bands and artists. In 2008 Eskelin received a Dove Award for "Producer of the Year", was nominated again in the same category in 2009.

All Star United's songs have been licensed in recent years for use on ABC's The Evidence, the movie Saved!, the trailer for the film Superbad, multiple CBS network imaging campaigns. All Star United was formed in 1996 by frontman Ian Eskelin, drummer Christian Crowe, guitarist Brian Whitman, keyboardist Patrick McCallum, bassist Gary Miller. Shortly after, Miller was replaced by Adrian Walther, guitarist Dave Clo was added to the line-up, they released their eponymous debut album in 1997 to much critical acclaim. They followed it with International Anthems for the Human Race in 1998; the band toured in the United States and internationally during this period. Amidst some line-up changes and label changes, the band released a compilation album titled Smash Hits in 2000. In 2002, the band signed with Delirious? Record label, Furious Records, released their third studio album titled Revolution. After this, the band retired from heavy touring while Eskelin recorded and released a solo project and produced albums for several other artists.

However, in 2007, the original line-up released Love and Radiation. All Star United's most recent project, The Good Album, was released internationally in 2009, with a delayed US release in early January 2010. All Star United International Anthems for the Human Race Smash Hits Let's Get Crazy Revolution Love and Radiation The Good Album "Bright Red Carpet" "Weirdo" "Sweet Jesus" Ian Eskelin - Lead Vocals Adrian Walther - Bass Christian Crowe - Drums Mike Payne - Guitars Brian Whitman - Guitar Patrick McCallum - Keyboards Jeremy Hunter - Bass Gary Miller - Bass Dave Clo - Guitar Troy Daugherty - Guitar Stephen Ekstedt - Guitar Matt Payne - Drums Hall, Amy E.. "All Star United". HM Magazine: 30. ISSN 1066-6923. Official website

Second Version of Triptych 1944

Second Version of Triptych 1944 is a 1988 triptych painted by the Irish-born artist Francis Bacon. It is a reworking of Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion, 1944, Bacon's most known triptych, the one which established his reputation as one of England's foremost post-war painters. Bacon painted second versions of his major paintings, including Painting, which he reworked in 1971 when the original became too fragile to transport to exhibitions. In 1988, Bacon completed this near copy of the Three Studies. At 78 × 58 inches, this second version is over twice the size of the original, while the orange background has been replaced by a blood-red hue, his reason for creating this rework remain unclear, although Bacon told Richard Cook that he "always wanted to make a larger version of the first. I thought it could come off. I would have had to use the orange again so, but the tedium of doing it dissuaded me, because mixing that orange with pastel and crushing it was an enormous job."The figures occupy a proportionally smaller space on the canvas than in the 1944 version, a presentation that, according to the Tate Gallery's catalogue, "plung them into a deep void".

Critical opinion was mixed and the triptych drew criticism from those who felt that its more refined painting technique robbed the image of much of its power. Denis Farr suggested that while the second version's larger scale gave it "a majestic quality, effective", its svelte presentation lessened its shock value. Critic Jonathan Meades felt that though the 1988 triptych was a more polished and painterly work, it lacked the rawness of the original. Farr, Dennis. Francis Bacon: A Retrospective. Harry N Abrams, 1999. ISBN 0-8109-2925-2 Concise entry at Tate Online

Abdelhakim Belhaj

Abdelhakim Belhaj is a Libyan politician and military leader. He is the leader of the conservative Islamist al-Watan Party and former head of Tripoli Military Council, he was the emir of an anti-Gaddafi guerrilla group. As of June 2017, following the 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis, Belhadj was placed on a terrorist watchlist on suspicion of terrorism and terrorist related activities with ties to Qatari support for such, by a number of Nations, which include, Egypt, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Libya's Tobruk government, as some supporting this claim. Born on 1 May 1966 in the Souq al Jum'aa area of Tripoli, Belhaj studied at Al Fateh University, where he earned a civil engineering degree. During the years after his studying, he is said to have travelled extensively, spending time in Sudan, Pakistan, Syria, as well as London and Denmark. Wanting to rid Libya of Colonel Gaddafi, Belhaj joined other young Islamists who formed a group, but were chased from the country before they could achieve anything. Leaving the country via Saudi Arabia he arrived in Afghanistan, in 1988, became an Islamist fighter in the Soviet–Afghan War.

In 1992, after the Mujahideen took Kabul, he travelled across the Middle East and Eastern Europe, before returning to Libya in 1992. There he and others formed the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group, which tried to overthrow Colonel Gaddafi from 1994 onwards. Belhadj was known during this period as Abu Abdullah al-Sadiq, was part of the LIFG that fought an insurgency campaign based from eastern Libya, but after three unsuccessful assassination attempts on Gaddafi, the LIFG was crushed in 1998. Belhadj and other leaders of the LIFG fled to Afghanistan, joined the Taliban; some of the former guerrilla fighters joined the al-Qaeda ranks and contributed to the growth of al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. Several LIFG fighters held prominent positions within al-Qaeda’s leadership. A report published on 13 October 2014 by the American Center for Democracy and authored by J. Millard Burr posited that in 1996 Balhadj followed Bin Laden when al-Qaeda leader moved the center of its operations from Afghanistan to Sudan.

The relation between LIGF and al-Qaeda was confirmed in October 2001, when the UN Security Council designated the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group as a terrorist entity for its association with al-Qaeda, Bin Laden and the Taliban. The UN Security Council specified that the LIFG relation with al-Qaeda was substantiated through the group’s involvement in "the financing, facilitating, preparing or perpetrating of acts or activities by, in conjunction with, under the name of, on behalf or in support of", "supplying, selling or transferring arms and related materiel to" or "otherwise supporting acts or activities of" Al-Qaida, Usama bin Laden and the Taliban."In 2002, after the 11 September attacks and Gaddafi's reconciliation with the West, an arrest warrant was issued for Belhadj by the Libyan authorities. In it, it was alleged by the Gaddafi government that Belhadj had developed "close relationships" with al-Qaeda leaders, Taliban chief Mullah Omar. Based in Jalalabad, he is alleged to have run and financed training camps for Arab mujahideen fighters.

After the United States entered Afghanistan under the command of the United Nations to confront the Taliban, the remaining members of the LIFG left the country, roamed Europe and South East Asia. However, the remaining LIFG affiliates merged with al-Qaeda in 2007, as announced by Bin Laden’s deputy Ayman al-Zawahiri and LIFG senior operative Abu Laith al-Liby in two video clips released by Al-Sahab, the media production house of al-Qaeda, it was reported that, following the US invasion of Afghanistan, Abdel Hakim was arrested in Pakistan in late 2001, handed over to US security officials, but unlike other captives taken in Afghanistan, he was repatriated to Libya two months later. Tracked by the U. S. Central Intelligence Agency, after a tip-off from MI6 gained from London-based informants, Belhadj was arrested with his pregnant wife in 2004 at Kuala Lumpur International Airport, Malaysia. Transferred on the same plane to Bangkok, he was placed in the custody of the CIA, where he was retained at a secret prison at the airport.

Returned to Libya on the rendition aircraft N313P, he was held at the Abu Salim prison for seven years. However, his wife Fatima was released after receiving torture. In March 2010 under a "de-radicalisation" drive championed by Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the Libyan authorities released him amongst 170 other Libyan Islamists. Belhadj’s release was part of a series of negotiations supported by the Qatari government, thanks to which over a hundred members of the Muslim Brotherhood and hundreds of members of the LIFG were freed by 2008. Belhadj’s long-time associate Ali al-Sallabi played a major role in Qatar’s involvement in securing the amnesty for those prisoners. Ali al-Sallabi is a Libyan religious scholar and Islamist politician affiliated to the Muslim Brotherhood, jailed for his supposed involvement in a plot to assassinate Muammar Gaddafi, he left Libya to study in Saudi Arabia and Sudan, moved to Qatar in the late 1990s. In Qatar, Sallabi was welcomed by the Qatari ruling family as well as by the Muslim Brotherhood ideologue Yusuf al-Qaradawi.

Returned to Libya after the lifting of sanctions on the Libyan regime in 2003, Sallabi contributed to and directed the de-radicalization program for former militant detainees. Just like Belhadj, Sallabi was a key figure in the oust of Gaddafi as a conduit for Qatar’s aid and weapons in Libya. In March 2011, Belhadj appeared in an unreleased Al Jazeera film, in which he praised the