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David Irving

David John Cawdell Irving is an English author and Holocaust denier who has written on the military and political history of World War II, with a focus on Nazi Germany. His works include The Destruction of Dresden, Hitler's War, Churchill's War and Goebbels: Mastermind of the Third Reich. In his works, he argued that Adolf Hitler did not know of the extermination of Jews or, if he did, opposed it. Though Irving's negationist views of German atrocities in World War II were never taken by mainstream historians, he was once recognised for his knowledge of Nazi Germany and his ability to unearth new historical documents. Irving marginalised himself in 1988 when, based on his reading of the pseudoscientific Leuchter report, he began to espouse Holocaust denial denying that Jews were murdered by gassing at the Auschwitz concentration camp. Irving's reputation as a historian was discredited when, in the course of an unsuccessful libel case he filed against the American historian Deborah Lipstadt and Penguin Books, he was shown to have deliberately misrepresented historical evidence to promote Holocaust denial.

The English court found that Irving was an active Holocaust denier and racist, who "for his own ideological reasons persistently and deliberately misrepresented and manipulated historical evidence". In addition, the court found that Irving's books had distorted the history of Hitler's role in the Holocaust to depict Hitler in a favourable light. Irving and his twin brother Nicholas were born in Hutton, near Brentwood, England, they had a brother and sister, Jennifer. Their father, John James Cawdell Irving, was a career naval officer and a commander in the Royal Navy, his mother, Beryl Irving, was an writer of children's books. During World War II, Irving's father was an officer aboard the light cruiser HMS Edinburgh. On 30 April 1942, while escorting Convoy QP 11 in the Barents Sea, the ship was badly damaged by the German submarine U-456. Two days she was attacked by surface craft, now beyond recovery was abandoned and scuttled by a torpedo from HMS Foresight. Irving's father severed all links with his wife and children after the incident.

Irving described his childhood in an interview with the American writer Ron Rosenbaum as: "Unlike the Americans, we English suffered great deprivations... we went through childhood with no toys. We had no kind of childhood at all. We were living on an island, crowded with other people's armies". According to his brother, David has been a provocateur and prankster since his youth. Nicholas Irving has said that "David used to run toward bombed out houses shouting'Heil Hitler!'", a statement which Irving denies. Irving went on to say to Rosenbaum that his negationist views about World War II dated to his childhood due to his objections to the way Adolf Hitler was portrayed in the British media during the war. Irving asserted that his sceptical views about the Third Reich were rooted in his doubts about the cartoonist caricatures of Hitler and the other Nazi leaders published in the British wartime press. After completing A levels at Brentwood School, Irving studied physics at Imperial College London.

He did not complete the course because of financial constraints. Irving studied for two years toward a degree in political economy at University College London, However, he again had to drop out due to lack of funds. During this period at university, he participated in a debate on Commonwealth immigration, seconding British Union of Fascists founder Sir Oswald Mosley. Irving's time as editor of the Carnival Times, a student rag mag of the University of London Carnival Committee, became controversial in 1959 when he added a "secret supplement" to the magazine; this supplement contained an article in which he called Hitler the "greatest unifying force Europe has known since Charlemagne". Although Irving deflected criticism by characterising the Carnival Times as "satirical", he stated that "the formation of a European Union is interpreted as building a group of superior peoples, the Jews have always viewed with suspicion the emergence of any'master-race'". Opponents viewed a cartoon included in the supplement as racist and criticised another article in which Irving wrote that the British press was owned by Jews.

Volunteers were recruited to remove and destroy the supplements before the magazine's distribution. Irving has said that the criticism is "probably justifiable" and has described his motivation in producing the controversial secret issue of Carnival Times as being to prevent the Carnival from making a profit that would be passed on to a South African group which he considered a "subversive organisation". After serving in 1959 as editor of the University of London Carnival Committee's journal, Irving left for West Germany, where he worked as a steelworker in a Thyssen AG steel works in the Ruhr area and learned the German language, he moved to Spain, where he worked as a clerk at an air base. In 1962, he wrote a series of 37 articles on the Allied bombing campaign, Und Deutschlands Städte starben nicht, for the German boulevard journal Neue Illustrierte; these were the basis for his first book, The Destruction of Dresden, in which he examined the Allied bombing of Dresden in February 1945. By the 1960s, a debate about the morality of the carpet bombing of German cities and civilian population had begun in the United Kingdom.

There was considerable interest in Irving's book, illustrated with graphic pictures, it became an international best-seller. In the first ed

Now You See It (American game show)

Now You See It is an American television game show created by Frank Wayne for Mark Goodson-Bill Todman Productions. The object of Now You See It is to answer general knowledge trivia questions by finding the answers hidden in a grid, similar to a word search puzzle. Two seasons were produced, both of which aired on CBS; the first series ran from April 1, 1974, until June 13, 1975, was hosted by Jack Narz. Johnny Olson was the original announcer, with Gene Wood substituting on occasion; the second series ran from April 3 until July 14, 1989, was emceed by Los Angeles news anchor Chuck Henry. Los Angeles disc jockey Mark Driscoll announced for the first month of the 1989 season, with Don Morrow replacing him for the remainder of the run; the first round of Now You See It under its original format began with four new contestants split into two teams, each with one "outside" and one "inside" contestant. This round, called the Elimination Round, was played on an electronic game board on the opposite side of the stage from the contestant desks.

The board consisted with fourteen letters in each line. The letters were referred to as "positions" for scoring purposes; the board was shown to the contestants momentarily quickly turned off before any of them could memorize it. To start the round, the "outside" contestants turned their backs to the board as Narz read a question; the first "inside" contestant to buzz in would say. If the correct line was given, it remained lit and the "outside" contestant for that team turned around to give the position of the first letter of the word give the answer that Narz was looking for. If the wrong line was guessed, the other team got a free guess. Words were not scored by length. Instead, the position of the word's first letter was added to the number of the line it was on to determine a team's score. For instance, a word that started in the first position of the first line would be worth two points, whereas a word on the same line but with the first letter in the eighth position would be worth nine points.

Halfway through the round, a bell would ring and the teammates would switch seats. This occurred; the winning team advanced to the Semi-Finals, where they competed against each other for the right to play in the Finals. In this portion of the game, a second board with sixteen positions was used. Narz read a crossword-style clue, after which the letters of the answer were filled in one at a time as he said "letter." The contestants could buzz in at any time. If a contestant buzzed in and gave an incorrect answer, the opponent was given a free guess. If he/she too came up with a wrong answer, play continued until either one of the contestants guessed the word, at which point all of its remaining letters were revealed, or only one letter was left in the word, at which point it would be revealed if neither of the contestants got it; the next word's clue was given, more letters were added. If the row became too full to accommodate any more words, it was cleared before the next clue was read. Whoever guessed four words out of seven won the round and a prize package, in addition to moving on to face the champion.

During the first two weeks, no prize package was given to the winner. During the third week, it took five words out of nine to win the round; the Finals was played the same way except with single contestants. The contestant who had more points when time ran out won the game and played the Solo Game for a chance at a cash jackpot. In the first show of the series, in the finals, the contestant who scored blocked the other contestant and would be allowed to keep answering questions until he/she missed one. If the other contestant guessed right, that person took control. If both contestants missed the answer, the next question was a toss-up to determine control. After the first episode, this format was abandoned and all words were played as toss-ups. Beginning with the 101st episode and continuing until the adoption of the second main game format, contestants were asked to scan the board and write down one word from the board each on an index card at the beginning of each half of the Elimination Round and the Finals.

A contestant or team would earn 10 bonus points if they answered a question with one of their "bonus words." The contestant had to reveal his/her bonus word upon using it in order to score the points. Beginning with the 186th episode and for the rest of the show's run, the format of the main game was changed; the Elimination Round was dropped altogether, the team format went with it. Now, two new contestants began each game playing the Qualifying Round, similar to the previous format's semi-finals with the exception that five words were required to win the round instead of four; the winner of the Qualifying Round played the day's returning champion in the renamed Championship Round, which kept the same line/position form of scoring. However, instead of being a race against time, the Championship Round was a race to achieve a score of one hundred points; the normal scoring format was used until someone reached fifty points. Once that happened, the bell rang to indicate it and each word played after, worth double the points.

Whoever reached 100 points won the gam

Untitled (The Rembrandts album)

Untitled is the second album by the American pop rock duo The Rembrandts, released in 1992 on East West Records. Two songs in this CD were in the top 10 that winter: "Johnny, Have You Seen Her?" and "Chase the Clouds Away". The former peaked at No. 54 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart, but unlike the duo's previous and subsequent albums, Untitled failed to chart in the U. S. All songs written by The Rembrandts except. "Johnny, Have You Seen Her?" "Maybe Tomorrow" "Rollin' Down the Hill" "One Horse Town" "Sweet Virginia" "Chase the Clouds Away" "Hang On to Forever" "Hang On, Clementine!" "Waiting to Be Opened" "I'll Come Callin'" "The Deepest End" "In the Back of Your Mind"

National Development and Reform Commission

The National Development and Reform Commission of the People's Republic of China State Planning Commission and State Development Planning Commission, is a macroeconomic management agency under the State Council, which has broad administrative and planning control over the economy of Mainland China. It has reputation of being the "mini-state council"; the candidate for the chairperson of the NDRC is nominated by the Premier of the People's Republic of China and approved by the National People's Congress. Since February 2017 the Commission has been headed by He Lifeng; the NDRC's functions are to study and formulate policies for economic and social development, maintain the balance of economic development, to guide restructuring of the economic system of Mainland China. The NDRC has twenty-six functional departments/bureaus/offices with an authorized staff size of 890 civil servants. ChairmanHe Lifeng - Vice Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee Vice ChairmenMu Hong - Minister level, Deputy General Office chief of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms Zhang Yong - Minister level Ning Jizhe - Minister level Lian Weiliang Lin Nianxiu Hu Zucai Luo Wen NEA was established in August 2008, replacing the National Energy Bureau which attempted to reform China’s dispersed energy management.

China Compulsory Certificate Economy of China Energy in China Gosplan Number 10 Policy Unit State Information Center Official site

F├╝rstenfeld District

Bezirk Fürstenfeld is a former district of the state of Styria, Austria. Fürstenfeld merged with the district of Hartberg to form the new district Hartberg-Fürstenfeld on January 1, 2013. Towns are indicated in boldface. Altenmarkt bei Fürstenfeld Speltenbach, Stadtbergen Bad Blumau Bierbaum an der Safen, Kleinsteinbach, Loimeth, Schwarzmannshofen, Speilbrunn Burgau Fürstenfeld Großsteinbach Großhartmannsdorf, Kroisbach an der Feistritz Großwilfersdorf Hainfeld bei Fürstenfeld, Maierhofbergen, Radersdorf Hainersdorf Obgrün, Riegersdorf Ilz Buchberg bei Ilz, Dambach, Dörfl, Kalsdorf bei Ilz, Leithen, Neudorf bei Ilz, Reigersberg Loipersdorf bei Fürstenfeld Dietersdorf bei Fürstenfeld, Gillersdorf Nestelbach im Ilztal Eichberg bei Hartmannsdorf, Mutzenfeld, Nestelberg Ottendorf an der Rittschein Breitenbach, Ziegenberg Söchau Aschbach bei Fürstenfeld, Ruppersdorf, Tautendorf bei Fürstenfeld Stein Übersbach Ebersdorf, Hartl bei Fürstenfeld, Rittschein

Turbonilla obsoleta

Turbonilla obsoleta is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pyramidellidae, the pyrams and their allies. The broadly elongate shell has a grayish white color; the type specimen has lost its early whorls, the length of the 4½ remaining whorls of the teleoconch measures 1.5 mm. The whorls of the teleoconch are feebly rounded, they are marked by obsolete axial ribs which are best shown below the appressed summit. The entire surface is marked by fine spiral lines; the aperture is rhomboidal. The posterior angle is acute; the outer lip is thin. The columella is twisted and somewhat revolute; the type specimen of this marine species was found off Baja California peninsula. To World Register of Marine Species