David Keith Lynch is an American filmmaker, musician, sound designer and actor. He is best known for writing and directing films such as Eraserhead, Blue Velvet, Mulholland Drive, which are regarded by critics as among the best films of their respective decades, for his successful television series Twin Peaks; these works led to him being labeled "the first popular Surrealist" by film critic Pauline Kael. A recipient of an Academy Honorary Award in 2019, he has received three Academy Award nominations for Best Director, has won the César Award for Best Foreign Film twice, as well as the Palme d'Or at the Cannes Film Festival and a Golden Lion award for lifetime achievement at the Venice Film Festival, he has been described by The Guardian as "the most important director of this era", while AllMovie called him "the Renaissance man of modern American filmmaking". Born to a middle-class family in Missoula, Lynch spent his childhood traveling around the U. S. before he studied painting at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts in Philadelphia, where he first made the transition to producing short films.
He moved to Los Angeles, where he produced his first film, the surrealist horror Eraserhead. After Eraserhead became a success on the midnight movie circuit, Lynch was hired to direct the biographical film The Elephant Man, from which he gained mainstream success, he was employed by the De Laurentiis Entertainment Group and proceeded to make two films: the sci-fi epic Dune, which proved to be a critical and commercial failure, the neo-noir mystery film Blue Velvet, which stirred controversy over its depiction of violence but grew in reputation until it was critically acclaimed. Lynch next created his own television series with Mark Frost, the popular murder mystery Twin Peaks, which ran for two seasons, he created the film prequel Twin Peaks: Fire Walk with Me, the road film Wild at Heart, the family film The Straight Story in the same period. Turning further towards surrealist filmmaking, three of his subsequent films operated on dream logic non-linear narrative structures: Lost Highway, Mulholland Drive, Inland Empire.
Meanwhile, he embraced the Internet as a medium and produced several web-based shows, such as the animated series DumbLand and the surreal sitcom Rabbits. Lynch and Frost reunited in 2017 for a third season of Twin Peaks. Lynch co-wrote and directed every episode, as well as reprising his onscreen role as Gordon Cole. Lynch's other artistic endeavours include his work as a musician, encompassing the studio albums BlueBOB, Crazy Clown Time, The Big Dream, as well as music and sound design for a variety of his films. An avid practitioner of Transcendental Meditation, he founded the David Lynch Foundation in 2005, which sought to fund the teaching of TM in schools and has since widened its scope to other at-risk populations, including the homeless and refugees. In 2019, he received an Academy Honorary Award, his first Oscar win. David Keith Lynch was born in Missoula, Montana on January 20, 1946, his father, Donald Walton Lynch, was a research scientist working for the U. S. Department of Agriculture, his mother, Edwina "Sunny" Lynch, was an English language tutor.
Two of Lynch's maternal great-grandparents were Finnish-Swedish immigrants who arrived in the U. S. during the 19th century. He was raised a Presbyterian; the Lynch family moved around according to where the USDA assigned Donald. It was because of this that Lynch, when he was two months old, moved with his parents to Sandpoint, Idaho, it was here. The family moved to Durham, North Carolina, followed by Boise and Alexandria, Virginia. Lynch adjusted to this transitory early life with relative ease, noting that he had no issue making new friends whenever he started attending a new school. Commenting on much of his early life, he remarked: Alongside his schooling, Lynch joined the Boy Scouts, although he would note that he only "became so I could quit and put it behind me", he rose to the highest rank of Eagle Scout. As an Eagle Scout, he was present with other Boy Scouts outside the White House at the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy, which took place on Lynch's 15th birthday. Lynch had been interested in painting and drawing from an early age, became intrigued by the idea of pursuing it as a career path when living in Virginia, where his friend's father was a professional painter.
At Francis C. Hammond High School in Alexandria, Lynch did not excel academically, having little interest in school work, he began his studies at the Corcoran School of the Arts and Design in Washington, D. C. before transferring to the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston in 1964, where he was roommates with musician Peter Wolf. He left after only a year, stating, "I was not inspired AT ALL in that place." He instead decided that he wanted to travel around Europe for three years with his friend Jack Fisk, unhappy with his studies at Cooper Union. They had some hopes that they could train in Europe with Austri
Corrado Gini was an Italian statistician and sociologist who developed the Gini coefficient, a measure of the income inequality in a society. Gini applied it to nations. Gini was born on May 1884, in Motta di Livenza, near Treviso, into an old landed family, he entered the Faculty of Law at the University of Bologna, where in addition to law he studied mathematics and biology. Gini's scientific work ran in two directions: towards statistics, his interests ranged well beyond the formal aspects of statistics—to the laws that govern biological and social phenomena. His first published work was Il sesso dal punto di vista statistico; this work is a thorough review of the natal sex ratio, looking at past theories and at how new hypothesis fit the statistical data. In particular, it presents evidence that the tendency to produce one or the other sex of child is, to some extent, heritable. In 1910, he acceded to the Chair of Statistics in the University of Cagliari and at Padua in 1913, he founded the statistical journal Metron in 1920.
He became a professor at the Sapienza University of Rome in 1925. At the University, he founded a lecture course on sociology, he set up the School of Statistics in 1928, and, in 1936, the Faculty of Statistical and Actuarial Sciences. In 1926, he was appointed President of the Central Institute of Statistics in Rome; this he organised as a single centre for Italian statistical services. He was a close intimate of Mussolini throughout the 20s, he resigned from his position within the institute in 1932. In 1927 he published a treatise entitled The Scientific Basis of Fascism. In 1929, Gini founded the Italian Committee for the Study of Population Problems which, two years organised the first Population Congress in Rome. A eugenicist apart from being a demographer, Gini led an expedition to survey Polish populations, among them the Karaites. Gini was throughout the 20s a supporter of fascism, expressed his hope that Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy would emerge as victors in WW2. However, he never supported any measure of exclusion of the Jews.
Milestones during the rest of his career include: In 1933 – vice president of the International Sociological Institute. In 1934 – president of the Italian Genetics and Eugenics Society. In 1935 – president of the International Federation of Eugenics Societies in Latin-language Countries. In 1937 – president of the Italian Sociological Society. In 1941 – president of the Italian Statistical Society. In 1957 – Gold Medal for outstanding service to the Italian School. In 1962 – National Member of the Accademia dei Lincei. On October 12, 1944, Gini joined with the Calabrian activist Santi Paladino, fellow-statistician Ugo Damiani to found the Italian Unionist Movement, for which the emblem was the Stars and Stripes, the Italian flag and a world map. According to the three men, the Government of the United States should annex all free and democratic nations worldwide, thereby transforming itself into a world government, allowing Washington, D. C. to maintain Earth in a perpetual condition of peace. The party existed up to 1948 but had little success and its aims were not supported by the United States.
Gini saw nations as organic in nature. Gini shared the view held by Oswald Spengler that populations go through a cycle of birth and decay. Gini claimed that nations at a primitive level have a high birth rate, but, as they evolve, the upper classes birth rate drops while the lower class birth rate, while higher, will deplete as their stronger members emigrate, die in war, or enter into the upper classes. If a nation continues on this path without resistance, Gini claimed the nation would enter a final decadent stage where the nation would degenerate as noted by decreasing birth rate, decreasing cultural output, the lack of imperial conquest. At this point, the decadent nation with its aging population can be overrun by a more youthful and vigorous nation. Gini's organicist theories of nations and natality are believed to have influenced policies of Italian Fascism; the following honorary degrees were conferred upon him: Economics by the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart in Milan, Sociology by the University of Geneva, Sciences by Harvard University, Social Sciences by the University of Cordoba, Argentine.
Il sesso dal punto di vista statistica: le leggi della produzione dei sessi Sulla misura della concentrazione e della variabilità dei caratteri Quelques considérations au sujet de la construction des nombres indices des prix et des questions analogues Memorie di metodologia statistica. Vol.1: Variabilità e Concentrazione Memorie di metodologia statistica. Vol.2: Transvariazione "The Scientific Basis of Fascism," Political Science Quarterly, Vol. 42, No. 1, pp. 99–115 at JSTOR Biography Of Corrado Gini at the Metron, the statistics journal he founded. Paper on "Corrado Gini and Italian Statistics under Fascism" by Giovanni Favero June 2002 A. Forcina and G. M. Giorgi "Early Gini’s Contributions to Inequality Measurement and Statistical Inference." JEHPS mars 2005 Another photograph
Colin Harris is a Scottish former professional association football player, who played for several clubs, most notably Raith Rovers and Hamilton Academical. Harris played for Hibs in the 1985 Scottish League Cup Final, but he was not a successful signing for John Blackley. Alex Miller allowed Harris to return to Raith in 1986, he scored 50 goals in 93 league games in his second spell at Raith, before he enjoyed a successful spell with Hamilton. Harris won two Scottish Challenge Cup winners' medals, he scored the winning goal in one of those finals. Harris was played as a striker, but he was capable of playing in goal, he did so for Hamilton; the Sanqhuar born striker spent a season at Palmerston Park for Queen of the South making twenty-eight appearances and nine as a substitute scoring a total of ten goals in the process. On 9 November 2015, Harris was inducted into the Raith Rovers FC Hall of Fame. Jeffrey, Jim; the Men Who Made Hibernian F. C. since 1946. Tempus Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7524-3091-2.
Colin Harris at Post War English & Scottish Football League A–Z Player's Database