David Stern

David Joel Stern was an American lawyer and businessman, the commissioner of the National Basketball Association from 1984 to 2014. He started with the NBA in 1966 as an outside counsel, joined the NBA in 1978 as general counsel, became the league's executive vice president in 1980, he became commissioner in 1984. After 30 years, Stern resigned as the longest-tenured commissioner in the history of major North American sports leagues, he was FIBA Hall of Fame. Stern was credited with increasing the popularity of the NBA in the 2000s, he had been credited with developing and broadening the NBA's audience internationally setting up training camps, playing exhibition games, recruiting more international players. In addition, with Stern's guidance the NBA opened 12 offices in cities outside the United States, broadcast to over 200 territories in over 40 languages. Stern helped found the Women's National Basketball Association and the NBA G League, the NBA's development league. Under Stern, the NBA launched their digital presence with NBA TV and NBA League Pass.

He established the NBA's social responsibility program, NBA Cares. Stern was on the Rutgers University Board of Overseers and was a Chair Emeritus of the Board of Trustees of Columbia University, he was a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. David Stern was born in Manhattan, New York City, one of three children of Anna and William Stern, a Jewish family, he grew up in Teaneck, New Jersey, his father ran a Jewish delicatessen in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. Stern grew up a New York Knicks fan, considered Carl Braun his hero, attended games at Madison Square Garden with his father, he played basketball in adulthood before sustaining a serious right knee injury during a New York Lawyers League game. After graduating from Teaneck High School in 1959, Stern went to Rutgers University, where was a member of the Sigma Alpha Mu fraternity and graduated in 1963 with a B. A. in history. He attended law school at Columbia University, receiving a J. D. in 1966. After graduating from law school, Stern joined the law firm of Proskauer, Goetz & Mendelsohn, which has long represented the NBA.

He was the lead attorney representing the firm in the case of Robertson vs National Basketball Association, the landmark lawsuit brought against the NBA by star player Oscar Robertson. Stern helped the league negotiate a settlement that allowed the NBA/ABA merger to proceed in return for the NBA abolishing the "option" clause in its uniform player contract and allowing players to become free agents for the first time. In 1978, Stern left Proskauer Rose to become the NBA's General Counsel under Commissioner Larry O'Brien. By 1980, O'Brien promoted Stern to be the NBA's executive vice president for business and legal affairs, which made Stern de facto in charge of marketing and public relations for the league. During this time, Stern drove two landmark agreements with the NBA Players' Association: drug testing and team salary cap. An August 1980 report by the Los Angeles Times had estimated that 40 to 75 percent of NBA players used cocaine; the drug testing policy dealt with the perception that the NBA had a drug problem, which it admitted, it was cleaning it up.

The NBA was the first of the major sports leagues in North America to implement a drug testing policy. The salary cap created a revenue-sharing system where owner and player were partners, with players receiving 53 percent of all revenues. Both of these agreements solidified Stern's standing inside NBA circles. On February 1, 1984, Stern became the Commissioner of the NBA, succeeding O'Brien during the league's recovery from its darkest period. Instead of marketing the league's teams, he changed the focus to its star players, such as Magic Johnson and Larry Bird, Michael Jordan and Charles Barkley from the 1984 NBA draft, held soon after Stern took office. Jordan's arrival, in particular, ushered in a new era of commercial bounty for the NBA. With him came his flair and talent for the game, that brought in shoe contracts from Nike which helped to give the league more national attention. Stern guided the league through dwindling viewership en route to global growth. In his first year as commissioner, Stern offered Adrian Paenza, a South American basketball and soccer analyst, the Argentina Channel 9 the rights to air weekly NBA highlights for $2,000 a year.

In 1987, he started the shipping of VHS tapes from his New York office to China’s state-run television station to expand the league's reach beyond North America. Stern pushed to allow professionals to participate in the Olympics, helping spawn the 1992 U. S. Olympic team of NBA players, dubbed the "Dream Team", which begat the first wave of international NBA stars. One of the Dream Team members was Johnson. A year earlier, he announced that he was HIV-positive and retiring from basketball in a press conference with Stern sitting by his side. At the time, the public was afraid of HIV and the disease was demonized; some people feared it could be transmitted by a handshake. Despite backlash, Stern allowed Johnson to play in the 1992 NBA All-Star Game and for the Dream Team. Having read medical literature and consulted experts, Stern helped inform league owners, players and the public about the virus; the NBA put infection-control procedures in place. In 1995, the NBA expanded into Canada, introducing the Toronto Raptors and the Vancouver Grizzlies to the league.

During Stern's tenure, a total of seven new franchises (the

Helena Kagan

Helena Kagan was a physician, an Israeli pioneer in pediatrics, active in Jerusalem. She was responsible for the expansion of health care in Israel. Working under the auspices of the Hadassah organization, she gave treatment to generations of local children regardless of their parents' religious affiliation. Helena Kagan was born in Uzbekistan, to Moshe and Miriam Kagan, a Jewish couple from Riga, they had one son named Noach. When her father, an engineer, refused to convert to Christianity he lost his job. However, her parents managed to pay the school tuition for Helena and her older brother, they graduated in 1905. Kagan studied piano at the Musikschule Konservatorium Bern and Medicine at the University of Bern, graduating in 1910, specializing in Bern as a paediatrician. In 1936, Kagan married Emil Hauser, a violinist, a member of the Budapest String Quartet and founded the Palestine Conservatory of Music in Jerusalem. Kagan died childless on August 22, 1978. In the spring of 1914, moved to Jerusalem.

Unable to obtain a license to practice medicine, decided to open a clinic at her home, teaching young Arab and Jewish women to become nurses and midwives. In 1916, after the last two male physicians were expelled from the city by the Ottoman authorities, playing a decisive role in containing a cholera epidemic, Kagan was granted an honorary license and started to work at a small children's hospital, becoming the first pediatrician in the country and the only female physician in the Ottoman Empire, running the hospital as the head of its pediatrics wing until 1925. After this, she started working in 1925 at the Infants Home for Arab Children in the Old City of Jerusalem, where she served as medical director until 1948, she was one of the founders of the Histadrut Nashim Ivriot, which became the local chapter of WIZO. Kagan established the Israel Pediatrics Association in 1927. In the same year, she opened a shelter for homeless children, a health center in the Old City of Jerusalem for working mothers, the precursor to those known today as Tipat Chalav.

In 1936, she established the pediatrics department of the Bikur Cholim Hospital in Jerusalem, which she headed until 1975. In 1947, she was elected member of the Board of Trustees of the Hebrew University, becoming its vice-chairwoman in 1965, she was awarded the Israel Prize in 1975 for the special contribution to society and the state in community service. The pediatric department of Bikur Holim Hospital and a community center in Katamonim, bear her name since 1962 and 1968 respectively. In her years, Kagan worked as adviser to the Ministry of Health while keeping the pediatric consulting work at home. List of Israel Prize recipients Health care in Israel

Mago Island

Mago Island is a volcanic island that lies in the northwest sector of Fiji's northern Lau Group of islands. One of the largest private islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, the pristine island consists of 22 square kilometres of land. Mago is located 166 statute miles ENE of the Fiji capital of Suva and 14 miles SW of the tiny island of Namalata, near Vanua Balavu, where descendants of original Mago inhabitants still reside. Mago Island is undeveloped at present and inhabited only by a few caretakers of Indo-Fijian descent; the island is privately owned by Mel Gibson. During the 1860s a cotton plantation established by the Ryder brothers of Australia flourished there. In 1884 there was a well established sugar cane plantation plus a sugar mill on the island; the Mill was shut down in 1895 and it was dismantled and used to enlarge the Penang Mill in Ra. The Ryders were succeeded by the Borron family. In early 2005 Mago Island was purchased by Hollywood actor/director Mel Gibson for $15 million from Japan's Tokyu Corporation.

Descendants of original native inhabitants of Mago, who were displaced in the 1860s, have protested against Gibson's purchase. Satellite images of the island dating from 2008 show a dirt airstrip of 1100 metres. There is no port on the island. There is only one loosely arranged village on the island whose appearance is more indicative of a resort. Agriculture consists of only a few small areas of fields. An episode of the NBC sitcom 30 Rock titled "Operation Righteous Cowboy Lightning" featured a story about a disaster on the island. Jack Donaghy, played by Alec Baldwin, decides to air a pre-recorded telethon to benefit the victims of the disaster. However, Donaghy is shocked to learn the only "victims" of the disaster are Mel Gibson and his guest, Jon Gosselin