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David Trezeguet

David Sergio Trezeguet is a French former footballer who played as a striker. Trezeguet began his career in Argentina with Club Atlético Platense at the age of eight, progressing through their youth system to their first team, where he made his debut in the Primera División in 1994. After one season, he transferred to Ligue 1 side AS Monaco, where he would form a striking partnership with international teammate Thierry Henry, winning the league in the 1996–97 season, he left the club in 2000, having scored 52 goals in 93 Ligue 1 appearances and having claimed two Ligue 1 championships and the 1997 Trophée des champions. In 2000, Trezeguet signed for Serie A club Juventus for a transfer fee of £20 million. With 24 goals, he was the joint recipient of the Capocannoniere award for top scorer as his team won the 2001–02 Serie A title. Despite struggling with injuries the following season, he won another league title with the club, scored four goals in 10 Champions League appearances as Juventus reached the final of the tournament losing 2–3 on penalties to Milan, as Trezeguet missed his spot kick in the resulting shoot-out.

Overall, Trezeguet scored 138 goals in 245 league appearances for Juventus, making him the fourth-highest goalscorer in the club's history. In his career he had brief spells in Spain, the United Arab Emirates and India. At international level, Trezeguet scored 34 goals in 71 appearances for the France national team between 1998 and 2008, he played for France at under-18, under-20, under-21 levels. Trezeguet represented France at the 1997 FIFA World Youth Championship, the 1998 FIFA World Cup, UEFA Euro 2000, the 2002 World Cup, Euro 2004 and the 2006 World Cup. Trezeguet is part of the FIFA 100 list of 125 Greatest living players. In 2015, he was named one of the Golden Foot Award Legends. Trezeguet was born in Rouen, France, but grew up in Buenos Aires, Argentina, he is the son of Argentine parents: his father, Jorge Trezeguet, a former footballer of French descent who now works as his agent, his mother, Beatriz. David Trezeguet has a younger sister. Trezeguet was married to Beatriz Villalba for 13 years, they have two sons together, Aarón and Noraan.

Beatriz is from Spain. They divorced in 2012. Trezeguet began his career at Platense in the Argentine Primera División, where he played his first professional game on 12 June 1994 as a 16-year-old in a 1–1 tie against Gimnasia y Esgrima de La Plata. After just five matches with the team, he moved to his native country to play for AS Monaco. In 1995, he was close to joining Paris Saint-Germain, but the deal was cancelled after the two clubs failed to agree a deal. Shortly afterwards, he opted to join Monaco. Monaco coach Jean Tigana was "impressed" by Trezeguet who scored 5 goals in trial, signing a deal which saw him earn 15,000 francs a month. Trezeguet spent two seasons with Monaco B, having made just nine appearances in total for the club's first team during his first two seasons. In 1998, Trezeguet scored the fastest goal in terms of velocity in UEFA Champions League history in a quarter-final match against Manchester United; the shot that resulted in a goal was clocked at 97.6 mph. With Monaco, he won Ligue 1 twice and was named Ligue 1 Young Player of the Year in 1998.

He scored a total of 60 goals in 113 appearances for the French club and it was here that he made his name as a potent goalscoring poacher. During his first season with Juventus, under manager Carlo Ancelotti, Trezeguet managed 14 goals in Serie A, despite being predominantly utilised as a substitute striker, behind Filippo Inzaghi, who started alongside Alessandro Del Piero. Juventus missed out on the 2000–01 Serie A title that season, finishing in second place behind Roma. In his second season at the club, under manager Marcello Lippi, he scored 24 league goals in 34 league matches to finish as the Serie A top goalscorer, along with Dario Hübner of Piacenza, as Juventus won the 2001–02 Serie A title; that same season, he was named Serie A Footballer of the Year and Serie A Foreign Footballer of the Year reaching the final of the 2001–02 Coppa Italia. In his third season, his appearances were limited by injuries, although he still helped Juventus to defend the Serie A title winning the 2002 Supercoppa Italiana and scoring four goals in ten appearances as Juventus reached the 2003 UEFA Champions League Final.

In the final, Trezeguet was one of three Juventus players to have their penalty saved by Milan keeper Dida, as Juventus lost 3–2 on penalty kicks after a 0–0 draw. This would be the closest Trezeguet got to winning the Champions League. During the 2003–04 season, Trezeguet helped the team to win a second consecutive Supercoppa Italiana title, scoring a goal during the match reaching another Coppa Italia final, although their European and domestic league campaigns would be less successful, despite his 16 goals in Serie A that season, as the club finished the league in third place. In 2004, Brazilian legend Pelé included Trezeguet in the FIFA 100, his list of the 125 greatest living footballers. Although Trezeguet won the 2004–05 Serie A and 2005–06 Serie A titles with Juventus, scoring 23 league goals in the 2005–06 season, Juventus were caught in the 2006 Italian football scandal that rocked Italian football, al

Proto-Cathedral of St. James the Greater

The Proto-Cathedral of St. James the Greater is a church building and parish of the Catholic Church located in Vancouver, United States; the parish is part of the Archdiocese of Seattle and traces its roots to the initial arrival of missionary priests in the Oregon Country in the 1830s. The church was elevated to a cathedral when the Diocese of Nesqually was established in 1850, it was reverted to a parish church when the present-day St. James Cathedral opened in Seattle in 1907; the church building was listed on the Washington Heritage Register in 1986. The church was formally dedicated as a proto-cathedral, i.e. former cathedral, in 2013. In the 1830s, French Canadian Catholic employees of the Hudson's Bay Company petitioned the bishop in their native Quebec to send priests to what was known as the Oregon Country. François Norbert Blanchet and Modeste Demers were sent to the area and arrived at Fort Vancouver in 1838. Blanchet and Demers held Masses in various buildings within the fort, Catholics had to share worship space with Protestants, an arrangement that did not please either group.

In 1845 Blanchet gained the company's permission to build a new church just outside the fort, the wooden building was dedicated as St. James Church on May 30, 1846. In July 1846, the Vatican established three Catholic dioceses in the Oregon Country: Oregon City, Vancouver Island, Walla Walla. Augustin-Magloire Blanchet, François Blanchet's younger brother, was appointed bishop of Walla Walla; the Walla Walla diocese was abandoned shortly in the wake of the Whitman massacre. Blanchet chose to have his new diocese headquartered in Vancouver, chose the existing St. James Church as his cathedral; the church was formally dedicated as St. James Cathedral on January 23, 1851. Blanchet retired in 1879 and his successor, Egidius Junger, set out to build a new cathedral in Vancouver. Construction began in 1884 and the 145-metre -long cathedral was dedicated as St. James Cathedral the following year; the original church, burned down in 1889. Junger's successor, Edward John O'Dea, realized that Vancouver was no longer the economic and population center it once was.

In 1903, O'Dea transferred the episcopal see of the Diocese of Nisqually to Seattle and set out to build a new cathedral there. The diocese was renamed the Diocese of Seattle in September 1907, the present-day St. James Cathedral in Seattle was dedicated in December of that year. St. James Cathedral in Vancouver, was reverted to a parish church, as it had been before the diocese's establishment, remains a parish church to the present day. In 2013, Archbishop J. Peter Sartain announced that St. James Church would be formally designated as a proto-cathedral in order to recognize the church's historical significance to the Archdiocese of Seattle, it was formally dedicated by Archbishop Sartain on October 25, 2013, the church was renamed the Proto-Cathedral of St. James the Greater. Since 2014, masses during Advent and on Solemnities have been celebrated ad orientem, the same direction as the congregants and towards the "liturgical east," as was the norm before Vatican II, since 2016 all masses at St. James are now celebrated ad orientem.

This change was made at the encouragement of Cardinal Robert Sarah, the head of the Vatican's Congregation for Divine Worship. Blending Latin and English, masses at the Proto-Cathedral feature Gregorian chant, English chant and polyphony. List of Catholic cathedrals in the United States List of cathedrals in the United States Proto-Cathedral of St. James the Greater official website

John Urpeth Rastrick

John Urpeth Rastrick was one of the first English steam locomotive builders. In partnership with James Foster, he formed Foster and Company, the locomotive construction company that built the Stourbridge Lion in 1829 for export to the Delaware and Hudson Railroad in America. From the 1830s he concentrated on civil engineering with his major project from 1838 being the construction of the London and Brighton Railway. Rastrick was born in Northumberland, to John Rastrick and Mary, he attended local public schools. In 1802 he was hired by the Ketley Ironworks in Shropshire. After five years at Ketley, Rastrick partnered in Bridgnorth, Shropshire. While at Bridgnorth, Rastrick helped Richard Trevithick develop his ideas for the high pressure steam engine and locomotive, he testified in a parliamentary enquiry that he had built the locomotive, demonstrated in London in 1808, he produced much equipment for Trevithick's abortive South American adventure. On 1 April 1814, he was awarded UK patent number 3,799 for his steam engine design.

Rastrick oversaw the construction of the Wye bridge at Chepstow, which opened in 1816. The partnership between Rastrick and Hazledine was a troubled one, ending in a dispute in 1817, he worked independently for a short period, but in 1819 he formed a partnership with James Foster, he moved his family to Stourbridge. The new company manufactured an extensive range of products from blast furnaces, rolling mills, wrought iron rails,'bearers' for some of the famous buildings of the age, etc. In 1822 Rastrick became the engineer for the Stratford and Moreton Tramway, an early horse-drawn line; the partnership was responsible for the first steam locomotives for the Delaware and Hudson Canal Company, the Stourbridge Lion in 1829. In 1829 Rastrick was commissioned with James Walker to report on the economics of using either rope haulage or locomotives on the new Liverpool and Manchester Railway. After extensive travels to view the early railways of the age their report favoured rope haulage on economic grounds.

They did however include the rider that there were some benefits to locomotive haulage not least their probable technical improvement. Given such a marginal judgement, the directors of the company decided to hold a competition to test the locomotives on offer. Rastrick was one of three judges at the Rainhill Trials of 1829 which conclusively proved the benefits of Stephenson's Rocket locomotive. Rastrick's diaries and notebook of the trial are valuable records of the performance of locomotives of that era. Rastrick left the Foster, Rastrick & Co partnership in 1831 to become an independent civil engineer, the company was dissolved, he worked on numerous railway projects of the period and in 1835 worked with John Rennie the Younger to obtain parliamentary approval for the London and Brighton Railway. He became consultant engineer, overseeing the railway's construction over difficult terrain, he was involved with the design and construction of the Merstham, Balcombe and Patcham Tunnels and the Ouse Valley Viaduct along with David Mocatta.

He constructed the Brighton and Chichester Railway and the Brighton Lewes and Hastings Railway which were amalgamated with the London and Brighton Railway and London and Croydon Railway to form the London and South Coast Railway. Rastrick was involved in the design of the London Road viaduct at Brighton, a viaduct at Shoreham-by-Sea, a bridge over the River Arun, jointly in the design of a rebuilt London Bridge railway station. Rastrick retired from active life in 1847, moving to Sayes Court, Chertsey in Surrey, an eight-bedroom mansion in 25 acres of grounds, his death occurred there on 1 November 1856. He is buried at Brighton Extra Mural Cemetery. During his partnership with John Hazledine, Rastrick married Sarah Jervis on 24 December 1810 at Codsall, Staffordshire, he had seven children: Joseph, born June 1808. Joseph emigrated to New Zealand and founded a line of builders and architects. John Urpeth Rastrick. Retrieved 13 August 2012. Bedwell, John Urpeth Rastrick. Retrieved 4 April 2005. Bedwell, John Urpeth Rastrick – Chronology.

Retrieved 22 April 2005 – family details, additional dates. Senate House Library, University of London, John Bradley & Co Ltd. Ironfounders. Retrieved 22 April 2005 – verifies Foster family connections. Marshall, Charles Frederick Dendy, "The Rainhill Locomotive Trials of 1829". From Transactions of the Newcomen Society, 1929, Vol 9 – includes excerpts from Rastrick's own notebooks. Newcomen Society paper

Elisha (Nestorian patriarch)

Elishaʿ was Patriarch of the Church of the East during a period of schism from 524 to 537. Unlike his opponent Narsai, consecrated as catholicus but has traditionally been considered an anti-patriarch, Elishaʿ is included in the traditional list of patriarchs of the Church of the East. Brief accounts of Elishaʿ's reign are given in the Ecclesiastical Chronicle of the Jacobite writer Bar Hebraeus and in the ecclesiastical histories of the Nestorian writers Mari, ʿAmr and Sliba. A long and detailed account of the schism of Narsai and Elishaʿ is given in the Chronicle of Seert; the following account of Elishaʿ's reign is given by Bar Hebraeus: Shila died after a while in office. A schism arose among the bishops; some of them supported Elishaʿ, the son-in-law of Shila, consecrated him catholicus in the church of Ctesiphon. Each of them began to appoint bishops for the vacant churches, Elishaʿ prevailed with the support of the king and shut up Narsai in a prison. Narsai died shortly afterwards, Elishaʿ began to hope that he would be established in the leadership.

List of Patriarchs of the Church of the East Abbeloos, J. B. and Lamy, T. J. Bar Hebraeus, Chronicon Ecclesiasticum Assemani, J. A. De Catholicis seu Patriarchis Chaldaeorum et Nestorianorum Brooks, E. W. Eliae Metropolitae Nisibeni Opus Chronologicum Gismondi, H. Maris, Amri, et Salibae: De Patriarchis Nestorianorum Commentaria I: Amri et Salibae Textus Gismondi, H. Maris, Amri, et Salibae: De Patriarchis Nestorianorum Commentaria II: Maris textus arabicus et versio Latina Meyendorff, John. Imperial unity and Christian divisions: The Church 450-680 A. D; the Church in history. 2. Crestwood, NY: St. Vladimir's Seminary Press. Scher, Addai. Histoire nestorienne inédite: Chronique de Séert. Première partie. Patrologia Orientalis 4.3, 5.2. Scher, Addai. Histoire nestorienne inédite: Chronique de Séert. Seconde partie. Patrologia Orientalis 7.2, 13.4. Wigram, William Ainger. An Introduction to the History of the Assyrian Church or The Church of the Sassanid Persian Empire 100-640 A. D. London: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge

Mount Royal (sternwheeler)

Mount Royal was a sternwheeler that worked on the Skeena River and Stikine Rivers in British Columbia, from 1902 until 1907. She was named after Lord Strathcona, known as Donald Smith, 1st Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal. Mount Royal was owned by the Hudson's Bay Company which owned Caledonia and Strathcona; these sternwheelers were used to serve the communities along the river before and during the construction of the Grand Trunk Pacific Railway. During her six seasons of service, Mount Royal was piloted by Captain SB Johnson. Mount Royal was built to run against Hazelton a owned sternwheeler that worked as a passenger and freight steamer for Robert Cunningham. Mount Royal was built by Alexander Watson in Victoria at Albion Iron Works. Watson designed her for navigating the treacherous Skeena River. Using fine Douglas fir and Eastern oak, he built one of the fastest and most luxurious sternwheelers that ran on the Skeena. With a full load of passengers and cargo, she only sat in 36 inches in the water.

On Mount Royal's launch date of April 9, 1902, she got hung up during the launch, after two hours was freed, only to get caught up again, this time swinging into the bank. It would be several more days before she was launched into the bay. A bad launch was considered to be an ill omen and, in this case, was one that would be fulfilled; when Mount Royal arrived at the Skeena, rivalry flared between her and the Robert Cunningham’s Hazelton immediately, with each captain trying to beat the other's times from Port Essington to Hazelton and back. The standing order from both companies was "beat the other boat." This led to a side-by-side race, an old but dangerous tradition among sternwheelers. In the spring of 1904, both boats wanted to be the first one of the season to arrive in Hazelton. Captain Bonser started out in Hazelton first, while he was wooding-up 105 miles upstream, he saw Mount Royal with Johnson at the helm coming up from behind. Wooding-up was ceased and Hazelton pulled into the stream as Mount Royal approached and they raced bow to bow.

Mount Royal gained on Hazelton. Captain Bonser was having none of it and he rammed Mount Royal several times. Johnson lost the current carried her back downstream, bow first. Bonser wagged Hazelton's stern at Mount Royal, tooted the whistle and continued triumphantly upstream.7 Furious, Johnson left the pilothouse unattended to retrieve a rifle and shot at the departing Hazelton. Afterwards, Johnson laid charges on Bonser claiming. Bonser claimed in his defense; the Federal Department of Marine investigated and decided that both captains were at fault, Bonser for ramming Mount Royal, Johnson for leaving the helm. The men were reprimanded and the case was closed; the HBC and Robert Cunningham came to a mutual decision that the rivalry was not profitable and an agreement was reached to end it. The HBC paid Robert Cunningham $2,500 to tie up his vessel, they hauled his freight for free; the HBC bought Hazelton. In 1907, Captain Johnson was still in charge of Mount Royal. On the afternoon of July 6, he was returning from Hazelton and was steaming through the Kitselas Canyon, when disaster struck.

A strong wind pushed her into a large rock formation named Ringbolt Island, wedging her crosswise against the current. Luckily, she held. Johnson assessed the situation and decided that Mount Royal could be saved and with ten crewmen, he returned aboard, he had decided that the best way to deal with this problem was to use the capstan to winch the sternwheeler back over Ringboat Island. This proved to be a disastrous decision; the king post broke and rammed through the bottom of Mount Royal and she buckled as the current washed over her she rolled upside down and broke into pieces. Although Johnson survived, six of the crewmen drowned, including the first officer. One of the four survivors was rescued by George Little, who would become the founder of the town of Terrace. George and a companion spotted the wrecked hull as the wreckage floated past the community of Kitselas. Curious, they saw a hand waving at them from a hole in hull; the survivor was Mount Royal's chief engineer, Ben Maddigan, trapped in the bilge and filthy, but unhurt.

After George Little chopped him out, Little commented. The exhausted engineer replied, "I don’t know about air, but there was one hell of a lot of water!" There was a strongbox aboard Mount Royal when she sank, the strongbox contained an undisclosed amount of money. The strongbox was never recovered. An estimate of the amount in the strongbox is about $700; the box contained both coin. It has been stated that there was a large shipment of gold-dust from either the Omineca Country or Lorne Creek on board; the gold dust theory may be a fabrication. Many ill-equipped attempts have been made to recover the strongbox. Steamboats of the Skeena River List of historical ships in British Columbia Large, R. G; the Skeena River of Destiny. ISBN 1-895811-19-8

Erogenous zone

An erogenous zone is an area of the human body that has heightened sensitivity, the stimulation of which may generate a sexual response, such as relaxation, the production of sexual fantasies, sexual arousal and orgasm. Erogenous zones are located all over the human body, but the sensitivity of each varies, depends on concentrations of nerve endings that can provide pleasurable sensations when stimulated; the touching of another person's erogenous zone is regarded as an act of physical intimacy. Whether a person finds stimulation in these areas to be pleasurable or objectionable depends on a range of factors, including their level of arousal, the circumstances in which it takes place, cultural context, nature of the relationship between persons involved, personal history. Erogenous zones may be classified by the type of sexual response. Many people are aroused when their eyelids, temples, hands and hair are subtly touched. Touching or stroking of these zones stimulates a partner during foreplay and increases the arousal level.

The gentle massage or stroke of the abdominal area along with kissing or touching the navel can be a type of stimulation. Specific zones are associated with sexual response, include the lips and nipples in addition to areas of the genitals, notably the foreskin and corona of the glans penis and rest of the vulva, perianal skin; the rete ridges of the epithelium are well-formed and more of the nerves are close to the external surface of the skin than in normal-haired skin. These zones have a high density of innervation, may have an efficiency of wound healing and a capacity to stimulate generalized cerebral arousal. In these zones, the skin is similar to normal-haired skin and has the normal high density of nerves and hair follicles; these areas include the sides and back of the neck, the inner arms, the axillae and sides of the thorax. An exaggerated tickle and anticipatory response are responsible for the heightened sensual response. Males can be aroused by stimulation to the sides of the glans and penis, upper side of the glans, the foreskin, the front side of the scrotum, the skin between the scrotum and anus perineum, around the anus.

The prostate gland may be stimulated from inside the rectum, such as by anal sex, or by applying pressure on the base of the perineum near the anus. Men who report the sensation of prostate stimulation give descriptions similar to females' accounts of G-spot stimulation; the foreskin, which carries the innervated ridged band and lower frenular delta, has mucocutaneous end-organs extending from the distal margin to the point where hairy skin starts. The thin dermis and minimal subcutaneous tissue results in set nerve networks. Vater-Pacini corpuscles are present; the mucocutaneous end-organs are formed after birth, with few in newborn infants and many well-organized endings in adults. Cold and Taylor state in 1999. Alanis and Lucidi in 2004 describe this as unproven. Parts of the vulva the clitoris, are erogenous zones. While the vagina is not sensitive as a whole, its lower third has concentrations of the nerve endings that can provide pleasurable sensations during sexual activity when stimulated.

Within the anterior wall of the vagina, there is a patch of ribbed rough tissue which has a texture, sometimes described as similar to the palate or a raspberry, may feel spongy when a woman is sexually aroused. This is the urethral sponge, which may be the location of the G-spot — a structure described as an area of the vagina that some women report is an erogenous zone which, when stimulated, can lead to sexual arousal and female ejaculation; the existence of the G-spot and whether or not it is a distinct structure is debated among researchers, as reports of its location vary from woman to woman, it appears to be nonexistent in some women, scientists believe that it is an extension of the clitoris. The lips and tongue can be stimulated by kissing and licking. Biting at the lip can provide stimulus; the neck, clavicle area and the back of the neck are sensitive in both males and females, which can be stimulated by licking, kissing or light caressing. Some people like being bitten in these areas to the point that a "hickey", or "love-bite" is formed.

Some people find whispering or breathing in the ear to be pleasurable and relaxing, as well as licking, caressing and/or kissing it the area of and behind the earlobe. The areola and nipple contain Vater-Pacini and genital corpuscles. No Meissner's corpuscles and few organized nerve endings are present. There are concentrations of nerve tissue in the area of masses of smooth muscle; the hair surrounding the areola adds additional sensory tissue. The mass of smooth muscle and glandular-duct tissue in the nipple and areola block the development of normal dermal nerve networks which are present in other erogenous regions and the development of special end organs; the entire breast has a network of nerve endings, it has the same number of nerve endings no matter how large the breast is, so that larger breasts may need more stimulation than smaller ones. Intense nipple stimulation may result in a surge in the production of oxytocin and prolactin which could