Lawrenceburg is a city in and the county seat of Lawrence County, United States, The largest city on the state's southern border between Chattanooga and Memphis, it lies on the banks of Shoal Creek. The population was 10,428 at the 2010 United States Census; the city is named after War of 1812 American Navy officer James Lawrence. Located around 80 miles southwest of Nashville at the junction of U. S. Routes 43 and 64, Lawrenceburg is called the "Crossroads of Dixie." According to a recent theory, the Lawrenceburg area is the site of "Chicasa"—the place where Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto and his men wintered in 1540–41 The Cherokee sold the area to the US in 1806. Upon moving from East Tennessee in the early 19th century, around 1817, David Crockett served as a justice of the peace, a colonel of the militia, a state representative. David Crockett established a powder mill on Shoal Creek called the Sycamore River; this area is now home to David Crockett State Park. Crockett was elected as a commissioner and served on the board that placed Lawrenceburg four miles west of the geographic center of Lawrence County.
Crockett was opposed to the city being located in its current location out of fear of flooding. He and his family lived in Lawrenceburg for several years before moving to West Tennessee after a flood destroyed his mill. After World War II, the Murray Ohio Manufacturing Company, a U. S. producer of bicycles and outdoor equipment, moved its manufacturing operations to Lawrenceburg, building a new factory and assembly plant. Over the next several decades, the Murray factory grew to be one of the largest in the United States: 42.7 acres under roof. A 500-year flood struck Lawrenceburg in July 1998. Following the flood, the city undertook a 10-year flood control project that reduced risk for a catastrophic flood that had plagued the town since the days of Davy Crockett. Lawrenceburg is located at 35°14′37″N 87°20′4″W; the city of Lawrenceburg has a total area of 12.6 square miles. It is the largest city on the state line between Memphis. Located on the southern Highland Rim, Lawrence County and Lawrenceburg are set atop of a large mountain plateau of the Appalachian Mountain range with elevations ranging between 810 feet to over 1,120 feet.
Map of the Appalachian Mountain Range. As of the census of 2010, there were 10,428 people residing in the city; the population density was 857.6 people per square mile. There were 5,166 housing units at an average density of 410.4 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94% White, 2.6% Black or African American, 0.3% American Indian and Alaska Native, 0.4% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander, 0.6% from Some Other Race, 2.1% from Two or More Races. Hispanic or Latino people represented 2% of the population. There were 4,579 households, out of which 24.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39% were a husband-wife family living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 41.1% were nonfamily households. 36.4% of nonfamily households were made up of a householder living alone, 18.1% of nonfamily households consisted of a person living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23, the average family size was 2.89.
The median age of a person in Lawrenceburg during the 2010 United States Census was 40.8 years. The population was 46.6 % male. The median income for a household in the city was $36,286, the median income for a family was $47,143. Median earnings for male full-time, year-round workers was $34,960 versus $26,188 for female full-time, year-round workers; the per capita income for the city was $20,587. About 12.6% of families and 18.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.5% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over. Tourist attractions include Amish Country. Lawrence County is the birthplace of Southern Gospel Music and visitors to historic downtown Lawrenceburg can see where it all began at the James D. Vaughan Museum on the Square; the downtown area has a statue of David "Davy" Crockett, a replica of Crockett's office, one of the only two Mexican–American War monuments in the U. S; the city is home to Lawrence County High School, E. O. Coffman Middle School, Ingram Sowell Elementary School, David Crockett Elementary School, New Prospect Elementary, Lawrenceburg Public Elementary School.
The local school district operates an adult secondary educational facility and a specialized achievement school for K-12 students within the city's borders. Private School Sacred Heart Elementary. Post-Secondary Lawrenceburg is home to a satellite campus of Columbia State Community College. Lawrenceburg is home to the Southern Tennessee Higher Education Center, which will offer classes to its first students in the fall of 2019. WBKV "K-LOVE" WDXE-AM "AM 1370 FM 105.3 The Legend WDXE" WLLX "The TN Valley's Superstation 97.5 / 98.3 WLX" Davy Crockett - For a time he called Lawrenceburg, Tennessee his home. Many landmarks and businesses now include Crockett in their names. David Crockett State Park and the David Crockett Monument located on the city square are two well known spots that pay homage to the legendary outdoors-man. Michael Jeter - Tony Award winning actor for Grand Hotel, who had a memorable film role in The Green Mile. James Daniel Niedergeses - Roman Catholic Bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Nashville.
Adger M. Pace - Southern gospel hymn writer. Fred Dalton Thompson (1942-20
The Houston Astros are an American professional baseball team based in Houston, Texas. The Astros compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the American League West division, having moved to the division in 2013 after spending their first 51 seasons in the National League; the Astros have played their home games at Minute Maid Park since 2000. The Astros were established as the Houston Colt.45s and entered the National League as an expansion team in 1962 along with the New York Mets. The current name—reflecting Houston's role as the control center of the U. S. crewed space program—was adopted three years when they moved into the Astrodome, the first domed sports stadium. The Astros played in the NL from 1962 to 2012, first in the West Division from 1969 to 1993, followed by the Central Division from 1994 to 2012; the team was reclassified to the AL West from 2013 onward. While a member of the NL, the Astros played in one World Series in 2005, losing in four games to the Chicago White Sox.
In 2017, they became the first franchise in MLB history to have won a pennant in both the NL and the AL, when they defeated the New York Yankees in the ALCS. They won the 2017 World Series against the Los Angeles Dodgers, winning four games to three, earning the team, the state of Texas, its first World Series title. From 1888 until 1961, Houston's professional baseball club was the minor league Houston Buffaloes. Although expansion from the National League brought an MLB team to Texas in 1962, Houston officials had been making efforts to do so for years prior. There were four men chiefly responsible for bringing Major League Baseball to Houston: George Kirksey and Craig Cullinan, who had led a futile attempt to purchase the St. Louis Cardinals in 1952. E. "Bob" Smith, a prominent oilman and real estate magnate in Houston, brought in for his financial resources. They formed the Houston Sports Association as their vehicle for attaining a big league franchise for the city of Houston. Given MLB's refusal to consider expansion, Cullinan and Hofheinz joined forces with would-be owners from other cities and announced the formation of a new league to compete with the established National and American Leagues.
They called the new league the Continental League. Wanting to protect potential new markets, both existing leagues chose to expand from eight teams to ten. However, plans fell through for the Houston franchise after the Houston Buffaloes owner, Marty Marion, could not come to an agreement with the HSA to sell the team. To make matters worse, the Continental League as a whole folded in August 1960. However, on October 17, 1960, the National League granted an expansion franchise to the Houston Sports Association in which their team could begin play in the 1962 season. According to the Major League Baseball Constitution, the Houston Sports Association was required to obtain territorial rights from the Houston Buffaloes in order to play in the Houston area, again negotiations began to purchase the team; the Houston Sports Association succeeded in purchasing the Houston Buffaloes, at this point majority-owned by William Hopkins, on January 17, 1961. The Buffs played one last minor league season as the top farm team of the Chicago Cubs in 1961 before being succeeded by the city's NL club.
The new Houston team was named the Colt.45s after a "Name The Team" contest was won by William Irving Neder. The Colt.45 was well known as "the gun that won the west." The colors selected were orange. The first team was formed through an expansion draft after the 1961 season; the Colt.45s and their expansion cousins, the New York Mets, took turns choosing players left unprotected by the other National League franchises. Many of those associated with the Houston Buffaloes organization were allowed by the ownership to continue in the major league. Manager Harry Craft, who had joined Houston in 1961, remained in the same position for the team until the end of the 1964 season. General manager Spec Richardson continued with the organization as business manager, but was promoted again to the same position with the Astros from 1967 until 1975. Although most players for the major league franchise were obtained through the 1961 Major League Baseball expansion draft, Buffs players J. C. Hartman, Pidge Browne, Jim Campbell, Ron Davis, Dave Giusti, Dave Roberts were chosen to continue as major league ball players.
The radio broadcasting team remained with the new Houston major league franchise. Loel Passe worked alongside Gene Elston as a color commentator until he retired from broadcasting in 1976. Elston continued with the Astros until 1986; the Colt.45s began their existence playing at Colt Stadium, a temporary venue built just north of the construction site of the indoor stadium. The Colt.45s started their inaugural season on April 10, 1962, against the Chicago Cubs with Harry Craft as the Colt.45s' manager. Bob Aspromonte scored, they started the season with a three-game sweep of the Cubs but finished eighth among the National League's ten teams. The team's best pitcher, Richard "Turk" Farrell, lost 20 games despite an ERA of 3.02. A starter for the Colt.45s, Farrell was a relief pitcher prior to playing for Houston. He was selected to both All-Star Games in 1962; the 1963 season saw more young talent mixed with seasoned veterans. Jimmy Wynn, Rusty Staub, Joe Morgan all made their major league debuts in the 1963 season.
However, Houston's position in the standings did not improve, as the Colt.45s finished in ninth place with a 66–96 record. The t
The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball franchise based in the Atlanta metropolitan area. The franchise competes in Major League Baseball as a member of the National League East division; the Braves played home games at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium from 1966 to 1996, Turner Field from 1997 to 2016. Since 2017, their home stadium has been SunTrust Park, a new stadium 10 miles northwest of downtown Atlanta in the Cumberland neighborhood of Cobb County; the Braves play spring training games at CoolToday Park in Florida. The "Braves" name, first used in 1912, originates from a term for a Native American warrior, they are nicknamed "the Bravos", referred to as "America's Team" in reference to the team's games being broadcast on the nationally available TBS from the 1970s until 2007, giving the team a nationwide fan base. From 1991 to 2005, the Braves were one of the most successful teams in baseball, winning division titles an unprecedented 14 consecutive times, producing one of the greatest pitching rotations in the history of baseball.
Most notably, this rotation consisted of pitchers Greg Maddux, John Smoltz, Tom Glavine. The Braves won the National League West division from 1991 to 1993, after divisional realignment, the National League East division from 1995 to 2005, they returned to the playoffs as the National League Wild Card in 2010. The Braves advanced to the World Series five times in the 1990s, winning the title in 1995 against the Cleveland Indians. Since their debut in the National League in 1876, the franchise has won 18 divisional titles, 17 National League pennants, three World Series championships — in 1914 as the Boston Braves, in 1957 as the Milwaukee Braves, in 1995 as the Atlanta Braves; the Braves are the only Major League Baseball franchise to have won the World Series in three different home cities. The Braves and the Chicago Cubs are the National League's two remaining charter franchises; the Braves were founded in Boston, Massachusetts, as the Boston Red Stockings. The team states it is "the oldest continuously operating professional sports franchise in America."After various name changes, the team began operating as the Boston Braves, which lasted for most of the first half of the 20th century.
In 1953, the team moved to Milwaukee and became the Milwaukee Braves, followed by the final move to Atlanta in 1966. The team's tenure in Atlanta is noted for Hank Aaron breaking Babe Ruth's career home run record in 1974; the Cincinnati Red Stockings, established in 1869 as the first all-professional baseball team, voted to dissolve after the 1870 season. Player-manager Harry Wright, with brother George and two other Cincinnati players went to Boston, Massachusetts at the invitation of Boston Red Stockings founder Ivers Whitney Adams to form the nucleus of the Boston Red Stockings, a charter member of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players; the original Boston Red Stockings team and its successors can lay claim to being the oldest continuously playing team in American professional sports. Two young players hired away from the Forest City club of Rockford, turned out to be the biggest stars during the NAPBBP years: pitcher Al Spalding and second baseman Ross Barnes. Led by the Wright brothers and Spalding, the Red Stockings dominated the National Association, winning four of that league's five championships.
The team became one of the National League's charter franchises in 1876, sometimes called the "Red Caps". The Boston Red Caps played in the first game in the history of the National League, on Saturday, April 22, 1876, defeating the Philadelphia Athletics, 6–5. Although somewhat stripped of talent in the National League's inaugural year, Boston bounced back to win the 1877 and 1878 pennants; the Red Caps/Beaneaters were one of the league's dominant teams during the 19th century, winning a total of eight pennants. For most of that time, their manager was Frank Selee. Boston came to be called the Beaneaters while retaining red as the team color; the 1898 team finished 102–47, a club record for wins that would stand for a century. Stars of those 1890s Beaneater teams included the "Heavenly Twins", Hugh Duffy and Tommy McCarthy, as well as "Slidin'" Billy Hamilton; the team was decimated when the American League's new Boston entry set up shop in 1901. Many of the Beaneaters' stars jumped to the new team, which offered contracts that the Beaneaters' owners did not bother to match.
They only managed one winning season from 1900 to 1913, lost 100 games five times. In 1907, the Beaneaters eliminated the last bit of red from their stockings because their manager thought the red dye could cause wounds to become infected (as noted in The Sporting News Baseball Guide during the 1940s when each team's entry had a history of its nickname; the American League club's owner, Charles Taylor, wasted little time in adopting Red Sox as his team's first official nickname. Media-driven nickname changes to the Doves in 1907 and the Rustlers in 1911 did nothing to change the National League club's luck; the team became the Braves for the first time in 1912. Their owner, James Gaffney, was a member of New York City's political machine, Tammany Hall, which used an In
In baseball or softball, a strikeout occurs when a batter racks up three strikes during a time at bat. It means the batter is out. A strikeout is a statistic recorded for both pitchers and batters, is denoted by K. A strikeout looking is denoted by a Ʞ. Although a strikeout suggests that the pitcher dominated the batter, the free-swinging style that generates home runs leaves batters susceptible to striking out; some of the greatest home run hitters of all time — such as Alex Rodriguez, Reggie Jackson, Sammy Sosa — were notorious for striking out. A pitched ball is ruled a ball by the umpire if the batter did not swing at it and, in that umpire's judgement, it does not pass through the strike zone. Any pitch at which the batter swings unsuccessfully or, that in that umpire's judgement passes through the strike zone, is ruled a strike; each ball and strike affects the count, incremented for each pitched ball with the exception of a foul ball on any count with two strikes. That is, a third strike may only occur by the batter swinging and missing at a pitched ball, or the pitched ball being ruled a strike by the umpire with no swing by the batter.
A pitched ball, struck by the batter with the bat on any count, is not a foul ball or foul tip, is in play. A batter may strike out by bunting if the ball is hit into foul territory. A pitcher receives credit for a strikeout on any third strike, but a batter is out only if one of the following is true: The third strike is pitched and caught in flight by the catcher. Thus, it is possible for a batter to strike out, but still become a runner and reach base safely if the catcher is unable to catch the third strike cleanly, he does not either tag out the batter or force him out at first base. In Japan, this is called furinige, or "swing and escape". In Major League Baseball, it is known as an uncaught third strike; when this happens, a strikeout is recorded for both the pitcher and the batter, but no out is recorded. Because of this, a pitcher may be able to record more than three strikeouts in one half-inning, it is possible for a strikeout to result in a fielder's choice. With the bases loaded and two strikes with two outs, the catcher drops the ball or catches it on the bounce.
The batter-runner is obliged to run for first base and other base-runners are obliged to attempt to advance one base. Should the catcher field the ball and step on home plate before the runner from third base can score the runner from third base is forced out. In baseball scorekeeping, a swinging strikeout is recorded as a K, or a K-S. A strikeout looking is scored with a backwards K, sometimes as a K-L, CK, or Kc. Despite the scorekeeping custom of using "K" for strikeout, "SO" is the official abbreviation used by Major League Baseball."K" is still used by fans and enthusiasts for purposes other than official record-keeping. One baseball ritual involves fans attaching a succession of small "K" signs to the nearest railing, one added for every strikeout notched by the home team's pitcher, following a tradition started by New York Mets fans in honor of "Dr. K", Dwight Gooden; the "K" may be placed backwards in cases where the batter strikes out looking, just as it would appear on a scorecard.
Every televised display of a high-strikeout major league game will include a shot of a fan's strikeout display, if the pitcher continues to strike out batters, the display may be shown following every strikeout. The use of "K" for a strikeout was invented by Henry Chadwick, a newspaper journalist, credited as the originator of the box score and the baseball scorecard; as is true in much of baseball, both the box score and scorecard remain unchanged to this day. Chadwick decided to use "K", the last letter in "struck", since the letter "S" was used for "sacrifice." Chadwick was responsible for several other scorekeeping conventions, including the use of numbers to designate player positions. Those unaware of Chadwick's contributions have speculated that "K" was derived from the last name of 19th century pitcher Matt Kilroy. If not for the evidence supporting Chadwick's earlier use of "K", this explanation would be reasonable. Kilroy raised the prominence of the strikeout, setting an all-time single-season record of 513 strikeouts in 1886, only two years after overhand pitching was permitted.
His record, however, is limited to its era since the pitcher's mound was only 50 feet from the batter during that season. It was moved to its current distance of 60'6" in 1893; the modern record is 383 strikeouts, held by Nolan Ryan, one better than Sandy Koufax's 382. For 55 years, Walter Johnson held the career strikeout record, at 3,508; that record fell in 1982 to Nolan Ryan, passed by Steve Carlton, before Ryan took the career strikeout record for good at 5,714. Early rules stated that "three balls being struck at and missed and the last one caught, is a hand-out; the modern rule has changed little. The addition of the called strike came in 1858. In 1880, the rules were changed to specify. A adjustment to the dropped third strike rule specified that a batter is automatically out when there are fewer than two out and a runner on first base. In 1887, the number of strikes for an out was changed to four, but it was promptly changed back to three the next season. A swinging strik
1996 World Series
The 1996 World Series was the championship series of Major League Baseball's 1996 season. The 92nd edition of the World Series, it was a best-of-seven playoff between the National League champion Atlanta Braves and the American League champion New York Yankees; the Yankees defeated the Braves, four games to two, to capture their first World Series title since 1978 and their 23rd World Series championship overall. The series was played from October 20–26, 1996, was broadcast on television on Fox. Yankees relief pitcher John Wetteland was named the World Series Most Valuable Player for saving all four Yankee wins; the Yankees advanced to the World Series by defeating the Texas Rangers in the AL Division Series, three games to one, the Baltimore Orioles in the AL Championship Series, four games to one. It was the Yankees' first appearance in a World Series since 1981; the Braves advanced to the Series by defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers in the NL Division Series, three games to none, the St. Louis Cardinals in the NL Championship Series, four games to three.
It was the Braves' second consecutive appearance in a World Series. The Yankees lost the first two games at home, being outscored by the Braves, 16–1. However, they rebounded to win the next four games, the last three in close fashion, including a dramatic comeback win in Game 4 to tie the series, they became the third team to win a World Series after losing Games 1 and 2 at their home stadium, following the Kansas City Royals in 1985 and the New York Mets in 1986. They became the first team since the Los Angeles Dodgers in 1981 to win four consecutive games in a World Series after losing the first two. Game 5 was the final game to be played at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium, as the Braves moved into Turner Field the following season. Atlanta became the only city to host the World Series and the Olympics in the same year and Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium became the only stadium to host baseball in an Olympics and the World Series in the same year; the 1996 World Series marked the beginning of the New York Yankees' dynasty of the late 1990s and early 2000s.
Despite the rich playoff history of the Yankees, the defending champion Atlanta Braves entered the Series as heavy favorites. The Yankees had reached the Fall Classic after their ALCS victory over the Baltimore Orioles, while the Braves had rallied from a 3–1 deficit to defeat the St. Louis Cardinals in the NLCS; the Braves used the dominant pitching of Greg Maddux and Tom Glavine, as well as timely hitting, to defeat the Indians the year before, looked to reuse that recipe against the upstart Yankees. In 1996, John Smoltz returned to form, winning 24 games and a Cy Young Award, providing another serious pitching threat for Atlanta. New York brought a lineup mixed with veterans, like Paul O'Neill, young stars, like rookie Derek Jeter; the Yankees bullpen was vastly superior to the Atlanta bullpen, which would prove to be the deciding factor in the Series. After victory in 1996, New York would go on to win the Series three of the next four years, two of which came against either their cross-town rivals, New York Mets, or the Braves, making their dynasty of the 1990s part of the rivalry between both National League East teams.
The Braves, while winning their division every season from 1991 through 2005, have not won a World Series game since Game 2 of this series. Over the course of the 1996 World Series, the Braves hit.315 during the first six innings and.176 afterward. Atlanta had more hits, homers, a lower team ERA during the course of the series, but still lost, much like the 1960 Yankees' performance against the Pittsburgh Pirates; this is the first World Series to feature the series logo on the side of each team's hats. This was the last of four consecutive World Series to be presided over jointly by the presidents of the American and National Leagues in lieu of the Commissioner of Baseball, as Paul Beeston would be named CEO of Major League Baseball for the 1997 Major League Baseball season. Following Game 6, then-American League president Gene Budig presided over the Commissioner's Trophy presentation to the Yankees. Then-Chairman of the Executive Committee Bud Selig, who had presided over the trophy presentations in 1995 and would do so again in 1997 became Commissioner in 1998.
AL New York Yankees vs. NL Atlanta Braves Game 1 and Game 2 were scheduled for Saturday, October 19 and Sunday, October 20, respectively. Rain on October 19, washed out Game 1; the schedule was moved back one day, with Game 1 and Game 2 rescheduled for October 20 and 21, the Monday travel day eliminated. This was the first rain out in a World Series game since Game 7 of the 1986 World Series; the Braves, who had won Games 5, 6, 7 of the NLCS against the St. Louis Cardinals by a combined score of 32–1, continued their roll early in the Fall Classic against the Yankees. Facing Yankees' starting pitcher Andy Pettite in the second inning of Game 1 with one on, rookie left fielder Andruw Jones became the youngest player, 19, in World Series history to hit a home run, surpassing Yankee great Mickey Mantle on what would have been Mantle's 65th birthday. Next inning, with runners on second and third and one out, Chipper Jones drove them both home with a single, moving to second on the throw home. After stealing third, Jones scored on Fred McGriff's single.
After walking Javy López, Pettite was relieved by Brian Boehringer, who allowed a two-out three-run home run to Andruw Jones, who became only the second player in World Series history, youngest to hit a home run his first two times up in a Series. A Fred McGriff home run off the foul pole in the fifth left Atlanta ahead 9–0. Next
2007 in baseball
The following are the baseball events of the year 2007 throughout the world. Regular Season ChampionsWorld Series Champion – Boston Red Sox Postseason – October 2 to October 28Click on any series score to link to that series' page. Higher seed had home field advantage during League Championship Series; the American League champion has home field advantage during the World Series as a result of the AL victory in the All-Star Game. Postseason MVPs World Series MVP – Mike Lowell ALCS MVP – Josh Beckett NLCS MVP – Matt Holliday All-Star Game, July 10 at AT&T Park – American League, 5–4. University of North Carolina 2 games to 0 NCAA Division II: University of Tampa NCAA Division III: Kean University NAIA: Lewis-Clark State College Youth Big League World Series: Easley, South Carolina Junior League World Series: Warner Robins, Georgia Little League World Series: Pearl City, Hawaii Senior League World Series: Cartersville, Georgia International National teams Baseball World Cup: United States Asian Baseball Championship: Japan European Baseball Championship: Netherlands Pan-Am Games: Cuba International club team competitions Caribbean Series: Águilas Cibaeñas European Cup: Corendon Kinheim Konami Cup Asia Series: Chunichi Dragons Domestic leagues Australia – Claxton Shield: Victoria Aces China Baseball League – Tianjin Lions Cuban National Series: Santiago de Cuba Dominican Winter League: Águilas Cibaeñas Holland Series: Corendon Kinheim Italian Serie A1 Scudetto – Grosseto Japan Series: Chunichi Dragons Korean Series – SK Wyverns Mexican Pacific League: Naranjeros de Hermosillo Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League: Gigantes de Carolina Taiwan Series – Uni-President Lions Venezuelan Professional Baseball League: Tigres de Aragua1 – The appearance by the Huskies of Rouen, France in the final marks the first time since 1976 that a team from outside the professional leagues of the Netherlands or Italy has finished in the top two.
Baseball Hall of Fame honors Cal Ripken, Jr. and Tony Gwynn are elected by the BBWAA in their first year of eligibility. Rick Hummel, columnist for the St. Louis Post-Dispatch who covered the St. Louis Cardinals for three decades, received the J. G. Taylor Spink Award. Denny Matthews, broadcaster for the Kansas City Royals since the team's 1969 formation, received the Ford C. Frick Award. MVP Awards National League Jimmy Rollins, Philadelphia Phillies American League Alex Rodriguez, New York Yankees Cy Young Awards National League Jake Peavy, San Diego Padres American League CC Sabathia, Cleveland Indians Rookie of the Year Awards National League Ryan Braun, Milwaukee Brewers American League Dustin Pedroia, Boston Red Sox Manager of the Year Awards National League Bob Melvin, Arizona Diamondbacks American League Eric Wedge, Cleveland Indians Woman Executive of the Year: Shari Massengill, Kinston Indians, Carolina League Silver Slugger Awards American League DH: David Ortiz C: Jorge Posada 1B: Carlos Peña 2B: Plácido Polanco 3B: Alex Rodriguez SS: Derek Jeter OF: Vladimir Guerrero OF: Magglio Ordóñez OF: Ichiro Suzuki National League P: Micah Owings C: Russell Martin 1B: Prince Fielder 2B: Chase Utley 3B: David Wright SS: Jimmy Rollins OF: Carlos Beltrán OF: Matt Holliday OF: Carlos Lee Gold Glove Awards American League P: Johan Santana C: Iván Rodríguez 1B: Kevin Youkilis 2B: Plácido Polanco 3B: Adrián Beltré SS: Orlando Cabrera OF: Torii Hunter OF: Grady Sizemore OF: Ichiro Suzuki National League P: Greg Maddux C: Russell Martin 1B: Derrek Lee 2B: Orlando Hudson 3B: David Wright SS: Jimmy Rollins OF: Carlos Beltrán OF: Jeff Francoeur * OF: Andruw Jones OF: Aaron Rowand ** Francoeur and Rowand finished tied in the voting †Denotes the club that won the wild card for its respective league.
The Rockies defeated the Padres 9-8 in a one-game playoff for the NL wild card. The 90 wins by the Diamondbacks and Rockies were the fewest to lead the NL since 1959, with the exception of the strike-shortened seasons of 1981, 1994 and 1995. No NL team won or lost 95 games for the first time since 1983; this was the second consecutive season in which no team won at least 60% of its games, the first time that this has happened in Major League Baseball history. January 9 – As the result of questions regarding his involvement in the ongoing steroids investigations, Mark McGwire falls well short in his first effort to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. Cal Ripken, Jr. and Tony Gwynn, are
The Miami Marlins are an American professional baseball team based in Miami, Florida. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division, their home park is Marlins Park. Though one of only two MLB franchises to have never won a division title, the Marlins have won two World Series championships as a wild card team; the team began play as an expansion team in the 1993 season as the Florida Marlins and played home games from their inaugural season to the 2012 season at what was called Joe Robbie Stadium, which they shared with the Miami Dolphins of the National Football League. Since the 2012 season, they have played at Marlins Park in downtown Miami, on the site of the former Orange Bowl; the new park, unlike their previous home, was designed foremost as a baseball park. Per an agreement with the city and Miami-Dade County, the Marlins changed their name to the "Miami Marlins" on November 11, 2011, they adopted a new logo, color scheme, uniforms. The Marlins have the distinction of winning a World Series championship in both seasons they qualified for the postseason, doing so in 1997 and 2003—both times as the National League wild card team.
They defeated the American League champion Cleveland Indians in the 1997 World Series, with shortstop Édgar Rentería driving in second baseman Craig Counsell for the series-clinching run in the 11th inning of the seventh and deciding game. In the 2003 season, manager Jeff Torborg was fired after 38 games; the Marlins were in last place in the NL East with a 16–22 record at the time. Torborg's successor, 72-year-old Jack McKeon, led them to the NL wild card berth in the postseason. Wayne Huizenga, CEO of Blockbuster Entertainment Corporation, was awarded an expansion franchise in the National League for a $95 million expansion fee and the team began operations in 1993 as the Florida Marlins; the Marlins qualified for the postseason and won the World Series in 1997 and 2003, but both titles were followed by controversial periods where the team sold off all the high-priced players and rebuilt. Although they followed their 2003 World Series win with a stretch in which the team posted winning records in four of the next six seasons, along with a surprise 2006 season in which they exceeded expectations and stayed in the postseason race until September, the team has had the least number of winning seasons of any Major League Baseball franchise, with just six.
They are one of only two current MLB teams. The Marlins moved into their new ballpark, Marlins Park in 2012, which coincided with a change in the team colors/uniforms and name to the Miami Marlins; the Marlins are the only team to win a World Series in their first two winning seasons. In those two seasons, they managed to make a surprise run to the World Series, both times as heavy underdogs, they are the only team to never lose a postseason series. No-Hitters: Marlins pitchers have pitched six no-hitters in team regular-season history, five coming against teams in the NL West and one against a team from the American League. Hitting for the cycle: No Marlins player has hit for the cycle in franchise history. See also: List of Major League Baseball retired numbers § Alternative methods of recognition. From 1993 until 2011, the Marlins had retired the number 5 in honor of Carl Barger, the first president of the Florida Marlins, who had passed away prior to the team's inaugural season. Barger's favorite player was Joe DiMaggio, thus the selection of number 5.
With the move to the new ballpark, the team opted to honor Barger with a plaque. Logan Morrison, a Kansas City native and fan of Royals Hall-of-Famer George Brett, became the first Marlins player to wear the number. After José Fernández's death as a result of a boating accident on September 25, 2016, the Miami Marlins announced plans to build a memorial at Marlins Park in his honor. However, Fernández's number 16 has yet to be retired; the Marlins began construction of a new, state-of-the-art stadium at the Miami Orange Bowl site on July 18, 2009. The now approved stadium was the subject of a protracted legal battle. A lawsuit by local automobile franchise mogul and former Philadelphia Eagles owner Norman Braman contested the legality of the deal with Miami-Dade County and the City of Miami. However, Miami-Dade County Judge Beth Cohen dismissed all the charges in Braman's lawsuit; the seating capacity for Marlins Park is 36,742, making it the third-smallest stadium in the MLB. Its first regular season game was April 4, 2012, against the St. Louis Cardinals, the ballpark became only the sixth MLB stadium to have a retractable roof, joining Rogers Centre in Toronto, Chase Field in Phoenix, T-Mobile Park in Seattle, Minute Maid Park in Houston, Miller Park in Milwaukee.
As part of the new stadium agreement, the team renamed itself the Miami Marlins on November 11, 2011 and unveiled new uniforms and team logo in time for the move to the new stadium in 2012. Until a naming-rights deal is reached, the park will be known as Marlins Park; the Marlins' flagship radio station from their inception in 1993 through 2007 was WQAM 560 AM. Although the Marlins had plans to leave WQAM after 2006, they remained with WQAM for the 2007 season. On October 11, 2007, the Marlins announced an agreement with WAXY 790 AM to broadcast all games for th