2013 FIA World Endurance Championship
The series was open to Le Mans Prototypes and grand tourer-style racing cars meeting four ACO categories. World Championships were awarded to drivers and to LMP1 category manufacturers, the eight race championship began in April at the Silverstone Circuit and ended in November at the Bahrain International Circuit. The season was marred by the death of Allan Simonsen in the 24 Hours of Le Mans, an initial calendar was published by the FIA World Motor Sports Council on 28 September 2012. Seven of the eight races on the schedule are carried over from 2012, the 6 Hours of Silverstone now begins the season in April before Spa in May and the 24 Hours of Le Mans in June. In order to save costs and utilize shipping by sea instead of air, são Paulo remains as the first post-European event, while the new 6 Hours of Circuit of the Americas replaces the 12 Hours of Sebring as the American round of the series. Fuji and Shanghai are moved forward on the calendar, leaving Bahrain to now close the season in November, an additional World Cup was awarded for the 2013 season, with drivers in both LMGTE categories having a unified championship.
Further, the LMP2 and LMGTE Am categories had FIA Endurance Trophies awarded for their drivers, the qualifying format of the race weekend wasalso changed, with teams requiring two drivers each to set two timed laps. The qualifying results were determined based on an average of the four total laps, the new qualifying format has been met with much criticism from drivers. The pre-race warm-up session has eliminated from the series. The LMP2 category saw several changes in order to lower costs. Diesel engines were allowed in the LMP2 category for the first time, limits on tyres was be set in the LMGTE Am category. Two LMP2 teams, Starworks Motorsport and HVM Status GP withdrew their full-season entries citing a lack of funding, the highest finishing competitor entered in the World Endurance Championship is listed below. Invitational entries may have finished ahead of WEC competitors in individual races, entries are required to complete the timed race as well as to complete 70% of the overall winning cars race distance in order to earn championship points.
A single bonus point is awarded to the team and all drivers of the pole position car for each category in qualifying, for the 24 Hours of Le Mans, the race result points allocation was doubled. Due to the 6 Hours of Fuji not completing 75% of the race time, four titles are awarded to drivers in the 2013 season. A World Championship is reserved for LMP1 and LMP2 drivers, a World Cup is available for drivers in the LMGTE categories. Further, two FIA Endurance Trophies are awarded to drivers in the LMP2 and LMGTE Am categories, Allan McNish, Tom Kristensen and Loïc Duval won the Championship at the 6 Hours of Shanghai. Gianmaria Bruni won the FIA World Endurance Cup for GT Drivers at the 6 Hours of Bahrain, bertrand Baguette, Martin Plowman and Ricardo González earned the Trophy for LMP2 Drivers at the 6 Hours of Bahrain
Formula BMW was a junior racing formula for single seater cars. It was positioned at the bottom of the career ladder alongside the longer established Formula Ford category. Like Formula Ford, it was intended to function as the young kart racing graduates first experience of car racing, the new formula was created by BMW Motorsport in 2001, with the first of its championships being inaugurated in Germany in 2002. Selected competitors from each series meet in the World Final at the end of each season, from 2011 onwards BMW ceased to support the Pacific and Europe series, in favour of the Formula BMW Talent Cup. The Talent Cup, which was the final Formula BMW championship in existence, BMW has prior experience of junior formula racing, as a successful engine supplier in Formula Two and, more briefly, Formula Three in the 1970s. Its European F2 Championship program, which ran from 1973 to 1981, the company ended its participation prior to its first entry into Formula One in the 1980s. BMW returned to the categories in Germany in 1991, as the engine supplier to the Formula ADAC championship.
The first champion was Christian Abt, the new formula made its debut at Hockenheim in April 2002. The team took Rosbergs son, Nico, to the 2002 championship title in his rookie year, by 2006, Nico Rosberg had progressed to Formula One. Formula BMW expanded to four championships across three continents. The German series was followed by a south-east Asian championship in 2003, and series in the United Kingdom, the UK and German championships merged into a new pan-European series in 2008. The centres provided courses in driving, chassis setup and nutrition, media management. To be eligible to compete in Formula BMW, drivers had to be at least fifteen years old and they must have held an International racing license no higher than Grade C. Competitors must take part in a Licensing Course at one of the Racing Centres, BMW provided an annual scholarship for five young drivers in each championship, between the ages of fifteen and eighteen, who were chosen through a selection process. It provides each driver with a budget of £35,000 in the UK, US$50,000 in Asia, and US$40,000 in the USA.
The best drivers from each championship were invited to the Formula BMW World Final, the 2006 event was held at Valencia. It is composed of a series of elimination heats followed by a final race, the winner was awarded a Formula One test with BMW-Sauber. Formula BMW was what is referred to as a slicks and wings formula
FIA World Endurance Championship
For the FIA World Endurance Championship contested from 1981 to 1985, see World Sportscar Championship. The FIA World Endurance Championship is an auto racing championship organized by the Automobile Club de lOuest. The World Endurance Championship name was used by the FIA from 1981 to 1985. World champion titles are awarded to the top scoring manufacturers and drivers over the season, while other cups and trophies will be awarded for drivers and private teams. The calendar includes four races in Europe, two in the Americas, two in Asia and one in the Middle East, with a future expansion. Six titles are awarded each season based on total point tally, the GTE Pro class champion are awarded a World Cup, while the leaders in LMP2 and GTE Am are awarded a Trophy. The final Trophy is awarded to the best privateer team amongst all four classes, the points system is similar to that used in the FIAs other world championships, awarding points to the top ten finishers on a sliding point margin scale from first to tenth.
Cars finishing the race but classified eleventh or further are awarded a half point, double points are awarded for the 24 Hours of Le Mans. WeatherTech SportsCar Championship European Le Mans Series FIA GT1 World Championship FIA World Endurance Championship Automobile Club de lOuest Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile
2008 FIA GT Championship
The 2008 FIA GT Championship season was the twelfth season of the FIA GT Championship. It featured a series for Grand Touring style cars broken into two based on power and manufacturer involvement, called GT1 and GT2. Invitational G2 and G3 classes were allowed to participate but cars in these classes were not eligible to score points. The Championship began on 20 April 2008 and ended on 23 November 2008 after 10 rounds, the official 2008 calendar was released by the FIA on 24 October 2007. All races were two hours, with exception of the Spa 24 Hours and the Bucharest City Challenge, the latter being a combination of two races, each awarding half points. The Adria round remained as an event and the Argentinian finale was the first South American race in FIA GT Championship history. Points were awarded to the top 8 finishers in the order of 10–8–6–5–4–3–2–1 except at the Spa 24 Hours, both cars scored points towards the championship regardless of finishing position. The G2 class did not have a championship, points were awarded to the top 8 finishers in the order of 10–8–6–5–4–3–2–1 except at the Spa 24 Hours.
Drivers who did not drive the car for a minimum of 35 minutes did not score points, the Citation Cup, which was limited to non-professional drivers competing in GT1 cars, did not include the Spa 24 Hours and the San Luis 2 Hours. Gigawave entered one Aston Martin V8 Vantage GT2 in the GT2 class, a new team, CR Scuderia, entered two Ferrari F430 GT2s in the GT2 class, driven by Chris Niarchos, Andrew Kirkaldy, Rob Bell, and Tim Mullen. PK Carsport replaced their sole Corvette C5-R with a Saleen S7-R
2010 Superleague Formula season
The 2010 Superleague Formula season was the third Superleague Formula championship. The series was rebranded Superleague Formula by Sonangol, due to a deal that began in the previous season. The first race of the season was on 4 April at Silverstone, the series prize fund was increased to €5 million, with the championship-winning team winning €1 million. Superleague Formula teamed up with The NewsMarket to distribute content to 25,000 global media outlets in over 190 countries throughout the season. Ex-Formula One and WTCC driver Tiago Monteiro praised Superleague Formula by saying he was pretty impressed with what theyve done so far. Anderlecht, run under Azerti Motorsport with driver Davide Rigon, were made champions, anderlechts first series title but the second for Rigon, who won the title with Beijing Guoan in 2008. All teams competed on Michelin tyres, * Drivers who participated in the non-championship round at the Beijing street circuit. Cars 7 and 15 were going to be run by Durango, al Ain, FC Midtjylland and Rangers F. C. did not compete this year having been left off the provisional entry list.
GD Bordeaux made their debut in 2010, Beijing Guoan did not enter until prior to round 2. An FC Groningen car, to be driven by ex-F1 racer Jos Verstappen, was due to participate at the TT Circuit Assen round, frenchman Bruce Jouanny remained the series official test driver. Changed teams Sébastien Bourdais, Sevilla FC → Olympique Lyonnais Yelmer Buurman, R. S. C. Anderlecht → A. C. Milan Tristan Gommendy, F. C. Porto → Galatasaray S. K. & Olympique Lyonnais Esteban Guerrieri, Olympiacos CFP → PSV Eindhoven John Martin, → Beijing Guoan via Atlético Madrid Franck Perera, A. S. Roma → CR Flamengo, Olympique Lyonnais & GD Bordeaux Duncan Tappy, Galatasaray S. K. → CR Flamengo Adrián Vallés, Liverpool F. C. → Sporting CP Entering/Re-Entering Superleague Formula Earl Bamber, Toyota Racing Series → F. C. Porto & PSV Eindhoven Máximo Cortés, Martin joined 2008 champions Beijing Guoan, who came into the season partly due to calls from promoters in China who wanted to see their return. Franck Perera replaced Duncan Tappy at CR Flamengo, PSV Eindhoven, with driver Narain Karthikeyan, did not compete at round 3 due his involvement in the NASCAR Camping World Truck Series race on the same weekend.
Olympique Lyonnais skipped the Zolder round after parting company with driver Sébastien Bourdais, for Zolder, Andy Soucek replaced Borja García in the Sporting CP car, and Jaap van Lagen replaced Franck Montagny at GD Bordeaux. Reid Motorsport took over the running of the PSV Eindhoven car from Racing for Holland, Franck Montagny returned to the GD Bordeaux car. Alpha Team was renamed Alpha Motorsport and fully merged with ADR, Ben Hanley replaced the injured Chris van der Drift for Olympiacos at Adria
GP2 Asia Series
The GP2 Asia Series was a form of open wheel motor racing based on the GP2 series. The series was announced during the weekend of the 2007 Monaco Grand Prix. GP2 series organiser Bruno Michel commented that It is of importance that the GP2 Asia Series maintains a strong. Our inclusion as the races on the programme of Asian Grands Prix in 2008 is an essential key in this new venture. The first season ran during the main GP2 series off season, January–April and it ran alongside the new Speedcar Series, and the events in Malaysia and Bahrain acted as support races for the Formula One championship. In effort to promote motor racing in Asia, each team is encouraged to have at least one driver whose passport does not come from Western Europe or the Americas, for the avoidance of doubt and Russia are not included in the list of European countries. In 2011, it was announced that the GP2 Asia Series would be merged with the European series after the 2011 season, pole for Saturday races,2 points Fastest lap,1 point in each race.
Driver recording fastest lap has to drive 90% of race laps, the driver must start the race from his allocated grid position and finish in the top ten of the race to be eligible for the fastest lap point. With this points system, the most number of points anyone can score in one round is 20 by claiming pole position, list of GP2 Asia Series drivers GP2 Series GP3 Series Formula One Formula 3000 Formula Three Formula Two GP2 Series official website GP2 Asia Series official website
David Ragan is an American professional stock car racing driver. Residing in Huntersville, North Carolina, he currently competes full-time in the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, Ragan was born in Unadilla, the son of former racer Ken Ragan, and began his racing career racing in the Bandolero Series at age 12. Four years later, he began competing in the Goodys Dash Series with Cam Strader, after one year, he moved to the Legends Pro-Division to race for Mark Martin. He concluded the season by finishing fourth in the point standings, at age 18, Ragan began racing in the Camping World Truck Series, Nationwide Series, and the ARCA Racing Series. In 2007, he moved the Sprint Cup Series, replacing Mark Martin in the No,6, and driving for Roush Fenway Racing. Between 2007 and 2011, he has recorded 30 top-tens in the series, on July 2,2011, Ragan won his first career Sprint Cup Series race, the Coke Zero 400 at Daytona International Speedway. His second win, the Aarons 499 at Talladega Superspeedway in May 2013, was the first win for Front Row Motorsports, Ragan was born in Unadilla, Georgia in December 1985, the son of former racer Ken Ragan.
Ragan started his career in the Bandolero Series at age 12. During the following year, he managed to win twelve races, in 1999, he won the National Championship for the second time. In 2001, Ragan began racing in the Goodys Dash Series with Cam Strader, during the season, the two built late models for Ragan to use in 2002. In 2002, he began racing in the Legends Pro-Division for Mark Martin, at the end of the season, he finished fourth in the final point standings. At age 18, Ragan moved to the Craftsman Truck Series, as well as the Busch Series, during his first career start in the ARCA Series, he qualified in the second position, but failed to finish the race after having tire failure. His first race in the Craftsman Truck Series was at Texas Motor Speedway, during the season, he failed to qualify for one race, and failed to finish six of the ten races he participated in. Ragan participated in one Busch Series race at Homestead Miami Speedway, finishing 31st, in the following season, he participated in Roush Racing, Driver X as the co-driver of the number 6 Roush Racing Ford F-150 in the Truck Series.
After participating in 19 events in the series, he recorded one top-five, eight top-ten finishes, during the 2006 season, he participated in three Busch Series events, and two Nextel Cup Series events. He participated in 19 Truck Series events, where he recorded two pole positions, one top-five and eight top-ten finishes, for the 2007 season, Ragan moved to the Nextel Cup Series as the driver of the number 6 Roush Fenway Racing Ford Fusion. During the Cup season, Ragan recorded two top-five finishes, with one being in the 2007 Daytona 500, and three top-tens, finishing 23rd in the point standings. During the Busch Series season, he earned two pole positions, four top-five and nine top-ten finishes, while finishing fifth in point standings, in 2007, he participated in one ARCA Racing Series event, where he managed to finish in the fourth position
2009 Superleague Formula season
The 2009 Superleague Formula season was the second Superleague Formula championship. The series was rebranded the Superleague Formula by Sonangol for this season and it began on June 28 at Magny-Cours and finished on November 8 at Jarama. Bourdais described Superleague as the best alternative to F1, Liverpool F. C. run under Hitech Junior Team with driver Adrián Vallés, were crowned series champions for the first time at the last event of the season. All teams competed on Michelin tyres, giorgio Pantano had signed an official deal with Al Ain before they announced they would not be able to compete in this season. A week however, they changed their decision and entered the championship with drivers Miguel Molina, however, Al Ain were replaced by Sevilla FC from round 3 at Donington Park. Beijing Guoan and Borussia Dortmund did not compete this year, FC Midtjylland, Olympique Lyonnais and Sporting CP made their debut in 2009. Roma swapped race teams prior to round 4 of the series, with Flamengo switching from ADR to Azerti, reid Motorsport took over the cars of Galatasaray S. K.
and Sevilla FC from Ultimate Motorsport prior to round 5 at the Autodromo Nazionale Monza. Changed teams Yelmer Buurman, PSV Eindhoven → R. S. C, Roma at the midway point of the season. Julien Jousse replaced Perera to complete the two rounds for A. S. Enrique Bernoldi was replaced by Jonathan Kennard at CR Flamengo at the Monza round while Bernoldi was on FIA GT Championship duty, duncan Tappy was replaced by Scott Mansell at Galatasaray S. K. at the Donington round. Ho-Pin Tung replaced Mansell after Donington and completed the rest of the season for Galatasaray, Miguel Molina was replaced by Esteban Guerrieri at Al Ain at the Zolder round. Al Ain left the series after the Zolder round, Guerrieri represented Sevilla FC at the Donington round. Sébastien Bourdais replaced Esteben Guerrieri at Sevilla FC from the Estoril round onwards to complete the season for Sevilla, Esteban Guerrieri replaced Davide Rigon at Olympiacos CFP from the Estoril round onwards to complete the season for Olympiacos.
Ho-Pin Tung was replaced by María de Villota at Atlético Madrid at the Estoril round, María de Villota completed the season for Atlético Madrid. Álvaro Parente replaced the injured Tristan Gommendy at F. C. Porto at the Estoril round, the calendar for the season was announced on January 29,2009. Adding to last years qualifying and race format, a third Super Final race was added to 4 out of the 6 events for the top six scorers from the weekends first two races. The six cars raced to decide a Weekend Winner and to whom the top prize money would go, Official race commentary on the SF World Feed same from Ben Edwards and Bruce Jouanny for every round of the season. Jonathan Green and Martin Haven have featured in the commentary box, Ben Constanduros and Warren Pole were the pitlane reporters and interviewers
Thiene is a city and comune in the province of Vicenza, in northern Italy, located approximately 75 kilometres west of Venice and 200 kilometres east of Milan. The city has an active and lively industrial sector, composed mainly of small to medium-sized companies and it has one of the top-ranked Italian boardwalks. Thiene has a tradition every 24 December to unite its community to sing a song only to this town. The Centro Europeo per i Mestieri del Patrimonio is located at Villa Fabris and this wealthy community has recently been destination of numerous immigrants, primarily from Morocco and Central Europe. Of ancient Roman origin, it was acquired by the Visconti of Padua in the Middle Ages, it was a free commune, and subsequently part of the Republic of Venice. At one time Volare Group had its office in Thiene. Landmarks include, Palazzo Porto Colleoni Thiene, built in the 15th century according to late Venetian-Gothic style, the main façade is characterized by a central portico with mullioned windows flanked by towers with merlons.
The interior has frescoes by Giovanni Antonio Fasolo with Giovanni Battista Zelotti, Villa Thiene Cornaggia -Gothic architecture palace from the 15th century. Duomo -Baroque style Cathedral of Thiene San Vincenzo - Romanesque Gothic church dating to 1333, oratory of the Natività della Vergine - small gothic jewel of a church. Media related to Thiene at Wikimedia Commons Official website Castle of Thiene
2011 GP2 Series
For the Asian-based series, see 2011 GP2 Asia Series. The 2011 GP2 Series season was the season of the pan-European motor racing series for single specification open wheel GP2 cars. Thirteen teams competed over a nine event series that run from May 7 at Istanbul Park in Turkey to September 11 at Monza in Italy, the championship was won by reigning GP2 Asia champion Romain Grosjean at the penultimate round of the series. Following a three-year cycle, the previous GP2 chassis was replaced by a new car. The series will change tyre supplier from Bridgestone to Pirelli for 2011–13, the 2011 season saw the addition of two new teams to the grid and Team AirAsia. Meanwhile, DPR was not selected to continue in the series, on November 22,2010 it was announced that Renault would no longer badge their Mecachrome GP2 Series engines, instead of Mecachrome would run its own engine program from 2011 onwards. All GP2 Series cars had a reverse gear for the first time in the series and this section lists drivers who competed in the regular season.
For the drivers who competed in the race in Abu Dhabi. Changed teams Sam Bird will move to iSport International after competing in his season for ART Grand Prix. He will partner Marcus Ericsson, who moves over from Super Nova Racing, johnny Cecotto Jr. will move from Trident Racing to Ocean Racing Technology, having competed for Trident in the first eight meetings of the 2010 season. Max Chilton will move from Ocean Racing Technology to be part of Carlins inaugural GP2 pairing, rodolfo González will return to Trident Racing after a season with Arden International. González drove for Trident at the German round in 2009, after driving for DPR for most of his GP2 career to date, Michael Herck will move to Scuderia Coloni. After driving for Super Nova Racing in his season, Josef Král will move to Arden International. Fabio Leimer will move from Ocean Racing Technology to Rapax, charles Pic will move from Arden International to partner Giedo van der Garde at Barwa Addax. Luiz Razia will switch from teams champions Rapax to debutants Team Air Asia, Davide Valsecchi will move from iSport International to be his team-mate.
Stefano Coletti will return to the series with Trident Racing, having competed in two rounds in 2009 for Durango, fairuz Fauzy will return to the series with Super Nova Racing, the team that Fauzy competed with in 2006 and in the 2008 Asia Series. GP3 Series champion Esteban Gutiérrez will move up to GP2 with Lotus ART, Julián Leal will make his debut in the series with Rapax, having finished 20th in the Formula Renault 3.5 Series for International DracoRacing. After a part season in the Formula Renault 2.0 Northern European Cup, FIA Formula Two Championship runner-up Jolyon Palmer will join Arden International
Vicente Enzo Potolicchio is a Venezuelan racing driver and businessman, who competes in the FIA World Endurance Championship and Rolex Sports Car Series for Starworks Motorsport. He won the 201224 Hours of Le Mans and 201212 Hours of Sebring, Potolicchio spent his early career racing Formula Ford, both at home in Venezuela where he was champion in 2005, and in the American F2000 Championship Series. He took part in Venezuelan Porsche Super Cup in 1998, which saw him earn 11 victories, Potolicchio participated in two Ferrari Challenge North America races in 2009, earning a victory and a third-place finish. In 2010 and 2011 he won back-to-back Ferrari Challenge titles, Potolicchio made his Grand-Am debut in 2011, racing in the Rolex Sports Car Series for Starworks Motorsport. He earned his first career victory at Mid-Ohio, teamed with Ryan Dalziel, in 2012, Potolicchio finished second overall in the 201224 Hours of Daytona, teamed with Ryan Dalziel, Alex Popow, Lucas Luhr and Allan McNish. He has collected four podium finishes in eight races to date, leading up to the second race at Watkins Glen, Potolicchio announced he was leaving the Rolex Series, but would continue to support the No.8 Starworks car in the title challenge.
The trio finished 14th in class at the Six Hours of Spa-Francorchamps and teammates Ryan Dalziel and Tom Kimber-Smith won the Le Mans in the LMP2 class. Starworks won the FIA LMP2 Trophy in the 2012 FIA World Endurance Championship season, in 2013, Potolicchio announced that he would enter the 2013 FIA WEC season with his newly created team, 8Star Motorsports, competing with one Ferrari 458 Italia GT2. Official website Enzo Potolicchio career summary at DriverDB. com
The GP2 Series was a form of open wheel motor racing introduced in 2005 following the discontinuation of the long-term Formula One feeder series, Formula 3000. The GP2 format was conceived by Bernie Ecclestone and Flavio Briatore, in 2010 the GP3 Series class was launched, as a feeder class for the GP2 series. In the 2017 the series was rebranded as the FIA Formula 2 Championship, many drivers have used GP2 as a stepping stone into Formula One. 2009 GP2 champion Nico Hülkenberg moved up to a Williams F1 race driver in the 2010 Formula 1 season, in addition, Heikki Kovalainen, Nelson Piquet Jr. and Lucas di Grassi —all runners up— became Renault test drivers the following year. All three earned F1 seats, but have since been replaced, karun Chandhok, Bruno Senna and Vitaly Petrov were granted an F1 seat in 2010. For 2011 Pastor Maldonado was granted the hot seat at Williams and this meant that Nico Hülkenberg was deposed by Williams. Sergio Pérez was given the drive alongside Kamui Kobayashi, another former GP2 driver and GP2 Asia Series winner, jérôme dAmbrosio got his Virgin Racing drive for the 2011 season.
However, some drivers have reached Formula One without competing in GP2, for example Paul di Resta, Daniel Ricciardo, Jean-Éric Vergne, Valtteri Bottas, and Kevin Magnussen. During 2011, it was announced that in 2012 the GP2 and GP2 Asia Series would combine to make a single, current Formula One drivers that have come from GP2 racing include Lewis Hamilton, Romain Grosjean, Stoffel Vandoorne, Jolyon Palmer and several more. At the end of the 2016 season, nine of the champions were able to secure a seat in Formula 1. On Friday, drivers had a 45-minute free practice session and a 30-minute qualifying session, the qualifying session decides the grid order for Saturdays race which has a length of 180 kilometres. During Saturdays race, each driver has to make a pit stop in which at least two tyres have to be changed, on Sunday there is a sprint race of 120 kilometres. The grid was decided by the Saturday result with top 8 being reversed, so the driver who finished 8th on Saturday have started from pole position, 2005–2011 Pole for Saturday races,2 points Fastest lap,1 point in each race.
Driver recording fastest lap has to drive 90% of race laps, the driver must now start the race from his allocated grid position and as of 2008 must finish in the top ten of the race to be eligible for the fastest lap point. With this points system, the most number of points anyone can score in one round is 20 by claiming pole position, 2012-2016 From the 2012 season the GP2 series changed its scoring system. Therefore, the number of points a driver can score at any round will be 48. Overall weight is 688 kg including driver, the 2011 specification GP2 Series car has been designed by Dallara Automobili. The 2006 GP2 car featured a rear wing, with the triplane rear wing used in previous seasons only to be used at the Monaco race