Davis, California

Davis, known prior to 1907 as Davisville, is a city in the U. S. state of California and the most populous city in Yolo County. It had a population of 65,622 in 2010, not including the on-campus population of the University of California, over 9,400 in 2016; as of 2016, there were 35,186 students enrolled at the university. Davis grew into a Southern Pacific Railroad depot built in 1868, it was known as "Davisville", named after Jerome C. Davis, a prominent local farmer. However, the post office at Davisville shortened the town name to "Davis" in 1907; the name stuck, the city of Davis was incorporated on March 28, 1917. From its inception as a farming community, Davis is known for its contributions to agricultural policy along with veterinary care and animal husbandry. Following the passage of the University Farm Bill in 1905 by the California State Legislature, Governor George Pardee selected Davis out of 50 other sites as the future home to the University of California's University Farm opening to students in 1908.

The farm renamed the Northern Branch of the College of Agriculture in 1922, was upgraded to become the seventh UC general campus, the University of California, Davis, in 1959. Davis is located in Yolo County, California, 11 mi west of Sacramento, 70 mi northeast of San Francisco, 385 mi north of Los Angeles, at the intersection of Interstate 80 and State Route 113. Neighboring towns include Dixon, Winters and West Sacramento. Davis lies in the Sacramento Valley, the northern portion of the Central Valley, in Northern California, at an elevation of about 52 feet above sea level. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.5 square miles. 10.4 square miles of it is land and 0.04 square miles of it is water. The topography is flat; the Davis climate resembles that of nearby Sacramento and is typical of California's Central Valley Mediterranean climate region: warm and dry in the spring and autumn, cool and wet in the winter. It is classified as a Köppen Csa climate.

Summer days are hot, ranging from 85 °F to 105 °F, but the nights turn pleasantly cool always dropping below 70 °F. The Delta Breeze, a flow of cool marine air originating from the Pacific Ocean via San Francisco Bay and the Sacramento–San Joaquin River Delta provides relief in the evening. Winter temperatures reach between 45 °F and 65 °F in the afternoon. Average temperatures range from 46 °F in January to 75 °F in July and August. Thick ground fog called tule fog settles into Davis during late winter; this fog can be dense with visibility nearly zero. As in other areas of northern California, the tule fog is a leading cause of road accidents in the winter season. Mean rainfall per annum is about 20 inches; the bulk of rain occurs between about mid-November to mid-March, with no precipitation falling from mid-June to mid-September. Record temperatures range from a high of 116 °F on July 17, 1925, to a low of 12 °F on December 11, 1932. Davis is internally divided by two freeways, a north–south railroad, an east–west mainline and several major streets.

The city is unofficially divided into six main districts made up of smaller neighborhoods: Central Davis, north of Fifth Street and Russell Boulevard, south of Covell Blvd. East of SR 113, west of the railroad tracks running along G Street. Within these boundaries is the denoted neighborhood of Old North Davis, sometimes considered part of Downtown. Downtown Davis the numbered-and-lettered grid north of I-80, south of Fifth Street, east of A Street, west of the railroad tracks, including the Aggie Village and Olive Drive areas. East Davis, north of I-80, south of east of the railroad tracks, it includes the older,'inner' East Davis of lettered streets and neighborhoods such as Davis Manor and Rancho Yolo, as well as more distinctly identified subdivisions such as Mace Ranch, Lake Alhambra Estates, Wildhorse. North Davis, north of Covell Blvd. North Davis includes Covell Park, Senda Nueva and North Davis Farms. South Davis, south of I-80, includes Willowbank. El Macero, although outside the city limits, is sometimes considered part of South Davis.

West Davis, north of I-80 and west of SR 113. West Davis includes Westwood, Aspen and the eco-friendly Village Homes development, known for its solar-powered houses; the University of California, Davis is located south of Russell Boulevard and west of A Street and south of 1st Street. The land occupied by the university is not incorporated within the boundaries of the city of Davis and lies within both Yolo and Solano Counties. Local energy planning began in Davis after the energy crisis of 1973. A new building code promoted energy efficiency. Energy use in buildings decreased and in 1981 Davis citizens won a $100,000 prize from utility PG&E, for cutting electricity use during the summer peak. On November 14, 1984, the Davis City Council declared the city to be a nuclear-free zone. In 1998, the City passed a'Dark Skies' ordinance in an


Safranbolu is a town and district of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is about 9 km north of the city of Karabük, 200 kilometres north of Ankara and about 100 km south of the Black Sea coast; the town's historic names in Greek were Theodoroupolis and Saframpolis. Its former names in Turkish were Taraklıborlu, it was part of Kastamonu Province until 1923 and Zonguldak Province between 1923 and 1995. According to the 2000 census, the population of the district was 47,257, of which 31,697 lived in the town of Safranbolu; the district covers an area of 1,000 km2, the town lies at an elevation of 485 m. According to the Ottoman General Census of 1881/82-1893, the kaza of Safranbolu had a total population of 52.523, consisting of 49.197 Muslims and 3.326 Greeks. The Old Town preserves many historic buildings, with 1008 registered historical artifacts; these are: 1 private museum, 25 mosques, 5 tombs, 8 historical fountains, 5 Turkish baths, 3 caravanserais, 1 historical clock tower, 1 sundial and hundreds of houses and mansions.

There are mounds of ancient settlements, rock tombs and historical bridges. The Old Town is situated in a deep ravine in a dry area in the rain shadow of the mountains; the New Town can be found on the plateau about two kilometers west of the Old Town. The name of the town derives from "saffron" and the Greek word polis meaning "city", since Safranbolu was a trading place and a center for growing saffron. Today, saffron is still grown at the village of Davutobası to the east of Safranbolu, with a road distance of 22 kilometres. Safranbolu was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1994 due to its well-preserved Ottoman era houses and architecture. Elabuga, Russia. Ohrid, North Macedonia Karabaşzade Hüseyin Efendi - Mentor of Ottoman Sultan İbrahim in the 17th century Safranbolulu Izzet Mehmet Pasha, 18th century Ottoman Grand Vizier, in office 1794–1798 Türker İnanoğlu, film producer Ali Gümüş, President of the Wrestling Commission of the International Sports Press Association and author Amasya List of World Heritage Sites in Turkey Falling Rain Genomics, Inc.

"Geographical information on Safranbolu, Turkey". Archived from the original on 2012-10-26. Retrieved 2008-11-22. Safranbolu travel guide from Wikivoyage Wikitravel Governor's official web site UNESCO World Heritage - Safranbolu Safranbolu: A Town of Traditional Houses

Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe

The Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe is a political group in the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe bringing together 74 members from 30 states. Since October 2017, the group is chaired by Belgium; the Mission of the ALDE-PACE group is to promote core values of the Council of Europe: democracy, human rights and the rule of law through enhanced political actions inside and outside the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. ALDE adopted a new mission statement 22 January 2018 outlining the values and objectives of the group. ALDE members realize these objectives by participating in the Parliamentary Assembly sessions, working in its Committees, drafting reports, initiating debates and ensuring the follow-up of this work in their home countries. Outside the Assembly the group members are committed to promoting the principles of the Council of Europe and giving support to liberal and democratic values throughout Europe.

According to the Rules of Procedure of the ALDE-PACE, the Bureau of the Group consists of the Chairperson, 11 Vice-Chairpersons and the Treasurer of the Group. Chairpersons of committees and former Chairpersons of the Group are ex officio members of the Bureau. List of the ALDE-PACE members The permanent secretariat of the Group is located in the headquarters of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg, France; the secretariat is chaired by Dr Maria Bigday. It was not until after the celebration of the Council of Europe's 25th anniversary in 1964 that the Rules of Procedure of the Consultative Assembly discreetly mentioned that members had the possibility of forming political groups; the history of the liberal group in the PACE dates back to the early 1970s. At the time it was called the Liberal Group and consisted of 30 members headed by Frederik Portheine. In the mid-80s the group changed its name to the "Liberal and Reformers' Group" in order to make the Group's political ideals universally and unequivocally recognisable.

The name "Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe" was adopted on 20 June 2005 in order to enhance cooperation with other European liberal and democratic bodies, in particular the ALDE of the European Parliament. Daniel Tarschys was Secretary General of the Council of Europe from 1994 - 1999; the permanent secretariat of the Group operates since 1978, when Mr Peter Kallenberger was appointed Secretary of the Group. After he retired in 2010, Ms Maria Bigday took up the position of the Secretary. Anne Brasseur Good Football governance Internet and politics: the impact of new information technology on democracy Rik Daems Extra-institutional actors in the democratic system Kerstin Lundgren The Impact of the Lisbon Treaty on the Council of Europe Dick Marty Inhuman treatment of people and illicit trafficking in human organs in Kosovo Alleged secret detentions and unlawful inter-state transfers of detainees involving Council of Europe member states Mailis RepsStrengthening the protection and role of human rights defenders in Council of Europe member States Corruption as a threat to the rule of law Andrea Rigoni Migration as an opportunity for European development Management of mixed migration and asylum challenges beyond the European Union’s eastern border Jordi Xuclà Strengthening the institution of Ombudsman in Europe The ALDE-PACE Group holds conferences, hearings and round tables in the framework of the Council of Europe scope of interest.

It co-organises joint events with other European and international liberal and democratic institutions. Information relating to these side events is found on the ALDE-PACE Pace website and in the ALDE newsletter published after each session; the ALDE-PACE holds stable partnership with major European and world liberal and democratic organisations. Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Party Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the European Parliament International Federation of Liberal Youth Liberal International Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe in the European Committee of the Regions Independent Liberal and Democratic Group, Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe Official website