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Dawson County, Texas

Dawson County is a county in the U. S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 13,833; the county seat is Lamesa. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1905, it is named for a soldier of the Texas Revolution. Dawson County comprises TX Micropolitan Statistical Area. A Dawson County was founded in 1856 from Kinney County, Maverick County and Uvalde County, but was divided in 1866 between Kinney County and Uvalde County; the current Dawson County was founded in 1876. In 1943, the discovery well for the Spraberry Trend, the third-largest oil field in the United States by remaining reserves, was drilled in Dawson County on land owned by farmer Abner Spraberry, for whom the geological formation and associated field were named. While most of the oil fields are in the counties to the south, a small portion of the Spraberry Trend is in Dawson County. Production on the field did not begin until 1949, by 1951, an oil boom was underway in the area, with Midland at its center. Like all Texas counties as stipulated in the Texas Constitution of 1876, Dawson County has four commissioners chosen by single-member district and a countywide-elected county judge, the chief administrator of the county.

James Edward "J. E." Airhart, Sr. served for 30 years from 1935 to 1985 on the Dawson County Commissioners Court, in which capacity he worked to obtain the county livestock and fair barn, the general aviation airport, numerous highway improvements. He was instrumental in the successful negotiation of rights-of-way for U. S. Highway 87 north to O'Donnell and south to Ackerly. A farmer and rancher, Airhart served on the board of the Klondike Independent School District and was a Baptist deacon. J. E. "Jimmy" Airhart, Jr. the oldest of Airhart's six children, was a farmer/rancher and educator, superintendent of the Dawson County Independent School District. Donald Ray Airhart was a cattleman in Dawson County who like his father, served on the Klondike School Board and worked with youth in stock shows and other agricultural pursuits. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 902 square miles, of which 900 square miles are land and 1.8 square miles are covered by water. U. S. Highway 87 U.

S. Highway 180 State Highway 83 State Highway 137 Lynn County Borden County Martin County Gaines County Terry County Andrews County Howard County As of the census of 2000, 14,985 people, 4,726 households, 3,501 families resided in the county; the population density was 17 people per square mile. There were 5,500 housing units at an average density of 6 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 72.47% White, 8.66% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 16.56% from other races, 1.77% from two or more races. About 48.19 % of the population were Latino of any race. Of the 4,726 households, 35.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.40% were married couples living together, 11.00% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.90% were not families. About 23.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.30% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the county, the population was distributed as 25.60% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 20.50% from 45 to 64, 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 124.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 129.90 males. The median income for a household in the county was $28,211, for a family was $32,745. Males had a median income of $27,259 versus $16,739 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,011. About 16.40% of families and 19.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.20% of those under age 18 and 12.80% of those age 65 or over. Ackerly Lamesa Los Ybanez O'Donnell Welch Klondike Patricia Dry counties National Register of Historic Places listings in Dawson County, Texas Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Dawson County Dawson County government’s website Dawson County in Handbook of Texas Online at the University of Texas TXGenWeb Project for Dawson County Dawson County History at


WSUM is a student radio station in Madison, affiliated with the University of Wisconsin–Madison. The station schedule consists of a wide range of music and talk programming serving the campus and Madison community; the radio station, known as WLHA, began in 1952, but went off the air in 1993. It restarted when a group of volunteers, including Stephen Thompson, a member of a former student radio group, founder of the Onion AV page and now of National Public Radio, Dean Troyer, the newly elected Student Services Finance Chair, submitted a budget and proposal to the SSFC, the Associated Students of Madison and the UW–Madison administration. Dr. James Hoyt, former chair of the UW–Madison School of Journalism, General Manager Dave Black, a journalism graduate student at the university, were asked to lead the effort to bring a student radio station back to UW-Madison; the university approved the project in June, 1995. The key to the proposal was getting Dr. Hoyt and Dave Black involved to add long-term stability to the project and getting the administration to apply for the FCC license.

The station began in 1997 with an internet-only broadcast. In 2001, the FCC agreed to a radio tower to be built in the town of Montrose in southern Dane County; the proposal was met with contention from local citizens of Montrose, but after a lengthy legal battle, the tower was constructed and terrestrial broadcasting of WSUM began on February 22, 2002, at 2:22 PM. Since WSUM has expanded to near-24/7 programming; the station has over 250 members. WSUM prides itself on the wide variety of programming. Programming on WSUM is free-form, in that hosts are allowed to program their own show. Programming schedules operate on a semesterly schedule. A typical schedule consists of a variety of sports, talk shows, music shows, including indie rock, house music and community affairs. Most of the programmers are students. On Wisconsin Radio is the station's flagship public affairs program, On Wisconsin airs on Mondays at 6 p.m.. The show covers the Badgers and everything Wisconsin, featuring the latest in political news, music and community events through quality journalism, creative pre-production and energetic live performance.

Previous guests include politicians Senator Tammy Baldwin, Mary Burke, Madison mayor Paul Soglin, comedians Julian McCullough, Christopher Titus, Steve Byrne, Adam Cayton-Holland, former Green Bay Packer Ahman Green. The podcast debuted in February 2015, is available for download on iTunes, it gained popularity in the city of Madison, is an Isthmus Favorites Reader's Choice Award Top 3 Finalist. The podcasts are available to stream online, along with extended interviews and bonus material at U DUB is the station's reggae show, which airs on Wednesdays at 7p.m. The show began in 2009. Under The Covers airs Wednesday Mornings from 6-8a.m. Hosted by Jake "The Snake" Foster; the show began in 2012. Features this week in music, the Under The Covers' Cover Song of the Week, the Under The Covers' Mystery Song of the Week. Educating future broadcasters is one of the core objectives of WSUM, according to its mission statement; as such, the staff at WSUM operates much as a professional radio station.

The station manager is elected each year in November by the members of WSUM, while the rest of the staff is hired by the station manager. The program director is in charge of scheduling shows and training future hosts each semester; the music director is in charge of talking to promoters and planning Snake on the Lake. The production director creates on-air fare for the station; the general manager David Black, oversees the student staff and liaises with the administration for budget and other issues. The award-winning WSUM Sports Department provides UW-Madison students exceptional hands-on experience in the field of sports broadcasting. WSUM Sports offers numerous sports talk shows throughout the week, all of which are produced and hosted by students. In addition, WSUM provides live play-by-play coverage of Wisconsin football, men's and women's basketball, men's and women's hockey on its online sports stream; the station has an exclusive partnership with www., the official website of Wisconsin athletics, to broadcast Badger softball and women's hockey games.

In January 2010, the WSUM Sports Department began an exclusive partnership to provide the on-air talent for the Big Ten Network as a part of its "Student-U" initiative. The WSUM online sports stream launched in October, 2008, with a broadcast of Wisconsin vs. Ohio State in football. Coverage has since expanded to include men's and women's basketball, men's and women's hockey, women's softball. In October, 2009, WSUM Sports traveled to Minneapolis to broadcast its first road game: Wisconsin vs. Minnesota football. WSUM has since covered every Wisconsin football road Big Ten game, select away men's basketball games, The Rose Bowl, The Big Ten Conference Men's Basketball Tournament, Women's Hockey Frozen Four, WCHA Final Five, The 2010 NCAA Division I Men's Ice Hockey Tournament; the stream can be found at "The Student Section" is WSUM's signature sports talk show and has been named "best student talk show" by the Wisconsin Broadcasters Association five times. The longest-running show on the station, it is the only program remaining from WSUM's on-air launch in 2002.

The show, which focuses on the Badgers, traditionally features the sports department's most active and involved members with both the station and Wisconsin Badger Athletics. The Student Section has featured a myriad of

Rewards for Justice Program

The Rewards for Justice Program is the counterterrorism rewards program of the U. S. Department of State's Diplomatic Security Service; the Secretary of State is offering rewards for information that prevents or favorably resolves acts of international terrorism against U. S. persons or property worldwide. Rewards may be paid for information leading to the arrest or conviction of terrorists attempting, conspiring to commit, or aiding and abetting in the commission of such acts; the Rewards for Justice Program has paid more than $145 million for information that prevented international terrorist attacks or helped bring to justice those involved in prior acts. The program was established by the 1984 Act to Combat International Terrorism, it is administered by the State Department's Bureau of Diplomatic Security; the Rewards for Justice Program was known as the Counter-Terror Rewards Program, soon shortened to the HEROES program. In 1993, DS launched to help publicize reward information.

Brad Smith, a DSS special agent assigned to desk duty due to illness, served as the lone site administrator and program manager running the operation from his home. By 1997, the site was getting more than one million hits a year from 102 countries. Smith is credited with the idea to put photos of wanted terrorists on matchbook covers. DSS agents assigned to embassies and consulates throughout the world ensured that the matchbooks got wide distribution at bars and restaurants; the Director of the Diplomatic Security Service chairs an interagency committee which reviews reward candidates and recommends rewards to the Secretary of State. The committee includes members from the staff of the White House National Security Council, Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Justice, Department of Defense, Department of Homeland Security, Department of the Treasury, the U. S. State Department. After the September 11 attacks, the list of wanted terrorists increased and rewards were increased, as part of the U.

S. efforts to capture al-Qaeda leadership. However, the plan has been ineffective against Islamic terrorists; the largest reward offered was $25 million for the leader of al-Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, which had "attracted hundreds of anonymous calls but no reliable leads." Osama bin Laden was shot and killed inside a private residential compound in Abbottabad, Pakistan, by members of the United States Naval Special Warfare Development Group and Central Intelligence Agency operatives in a covert operation on May 1, 2011. Robert A. Hartung, Assistant Director of Diplomatic Security's Threat Investigations and Analysis Directorate, announced on 2 September 2010 that the U. S. Department of State's Rewards for Justice program is offering rewards of up to $5 million each for information that leads law enforcement or security forces to Hakimullah Mehsud and Wali ur Rehman. Former U. S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton presented a list of "the five most wanted terrorists" to Pakistan; each of these five have bounties issued against them by the program.

Rahman was removed from the list. Omar was removed from the list in July 2015 after the Afghan government publicly announced that he had died of tuberculosis in 2013. On December 22, 2011, RFJ announced a reward of up to $10 million for information leading to Ezedin Abdel Aziz Khalil, the leader of an al-Qaeda fundraising network in Iran that transfers money and recruits via Iranian territory to Pakistan and Afghanistan, it marked the first time. Diplomatic Security Service FBI Most Wanted Terrorists Narcotics Reward Program Rewards for Justice Terror List Official website Bureau of Diplomatic Security description Factsheet from the U. S. Department of State Diplomatic Security Service announces $5 million dollar reward Briefing of USG efforts to disrupt and dismantle Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan U. S. Diplomatic Security


Pneumoparotitis, is a rare cause of parotid gland swelling which occurs when air is forced through the parotid duct resulting in inflation of the duct. The size of the swelling is variable, it is non tender, although sometimes there may be pain. It resolves over minutes to hours, however this may take days; the condition can be recurrent. The condition is caused by raised air pressure in the mouth. Pneumoparotitis is misdiagnosed and incorrectly managed; the diagnosis is based on the history. Crepitus may be elicited on palpation of the parotid swelling, massaging the gland may give rise to frothy saliva or air bubbles from the parotid papilla. Further investigations are not required, however sialography and computed tomography may all show air in the parotid gland and duct. Management is by avoidance of the activity causing raised intraoral pressure, triggering this rare condition. Recurrent pneumoparotitis may predispose to sialectasis, recurrent parotitis, subcutaneous emphysema of the face and neck, mediastinum, pneumothorax.

The condition is rare. It is more to occur in persons who have raised pressure in the mouth, for example wind instrument players, balloon and glass-blowers. Cases have been reported with bicycle tyre inflation, nose blowing and valsalva manoeuvre to clear the ears, it can be an iatrogenic effect of dental treatment and positive pressure ventilation. Apart from these factors, the condition occurs in adolescents self-inflicted due to psychological issues

Engine Alliance GP7000

The Engine Alliance GP7000 is a turbofan jet engine manufactured by Engine Alliance, a joint venture between General Electric and Pratt & Whitney. It is one of the powerplant options available for the Airbus A380, along with the Rolls-Royce Trent 900. Intended to power Boeing Commercial Airplanes' cancelled 747-500X/-600X, the engine has since been pushed for Airbus' A380-800 superjumbo, it is built around an 0.72 scale of the GE90-110B/115B core and contains a Pratt & Whitney fan and low-pressure system design. The competing Rolls-Royce Trent 900 was named as the lead engine for the then-named A3XX in 1996 and was selected by all A380 customers; however the GE/PW engine increased its share of the A380 engine market to the point where as of September 2007 it will power 47% of the super-jumbo fleet. This disparity in sales was resolved in a single transaction, with Emirates' order of 55 GP7000-powered A380-800s, comprising over one quarter of A380 sales. Emirates has traditionally been a Rolls-Royce customer.

A380 aircraft powered by the GP7000s will have A380-86X model numbers as 6 is the code for Engine Alliance engines. The engine powers an estimated 60% of Airbus A380 in service as reported in 2017. Ground testing of the engine began in April 2004 and was first flight tested as the number two engine on GE's 747 flying testbed over Victorville, CA in December 2004; the American Federal Aviation Administration certified the engine for commercial operation on January 4, 2006. The engine was ground run for the first time on an A380 on August 2006, in Toulouse. On August 25, 2006, the same aircraft, A380-861 test aircraft, made the first flight of an Engine Alliance powered A380; the flight ended at Toulouse and lasted about four hours. Tests were performed on the engines' flight envelope, cruise speed, handling. A day earlier, the same aircraft performed rejected takeoff tests on the engines; the Engine Alliance offered the GP7200 for freighter configurations. The GP7270 is rated at 74,735 lbf of thrust whilst the GP7277 is rated at 80,290 lbf.

The engine is offered with two ratings appropriate for the various A380 configurations and take-off weights: GP7270 for the 560 tonne variant, GP7277 for the 590 tonne A380-800 freighter. In mid-2011 an upgrade was announced; the new components come from Volvo Aero. MTU Aero Engines is a major partner of the programme, with 22.5% share. The German company produces the high-pressure turbine, the low-pressure turbine and the turbine center frame. Safran with 17.5 % produces the low-pressure compressor. MDS Aero Support Corporation, a Canadian company, is working hand in hand with MTU to develop next generation test beds. MDS in joint cooperation is building the facility to test the next version of this engine in France. GP7270 with 332.44 kN of thrust. In use by A380-861 of Air France, Etihad Airways, Korean Air, Qatar Airways, as well as 90 of the 123 A380s ordered by Emirates. GP7277 with 357.1 kN of thrust. For use on the now-cancelled A380-863F freighter. Airbus A380 On 30 September 2017, Air France Flight 66, an Airbus A380 with registration F-HPJE, suffered an uncontained engine failure during flight where the entire fan module and nose cowl on its number-four GP7270 engine separated from the engine.

The aircraft was flying from Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport to Los Angeles International Airport. The aircraft was safely diverted to Canada. To repatriate the stranded jet, the damaged engine would be replaced and sent back to GE's workshop at Cardiff; the French accident investigation agency BEA, conducting the investigation into the incident, released photos of the first engine fan, fan hub and cowling parts being recovered in Greenland. Type: two-spool high-bypass turbofan engine Length: 4.92 m spinner to flange Diameter: 3.16 m, fan 2.96 m Dry weight: 6,712 kg Compressor: 24 swept wide-chord hollow titanium fan blades, 8.8:1 by-pass ratio.


Penshoppe is a clothing brand based in the Philippines, established in 1986. Penshoppe is the flagship brand of Inc. a fashion house based in the Philippines. Established in Cebu in 1986, the brand established itself in the Visayas and Mindanao markets. Penshoppe expanded to Metro Manila, with its first boutique opening its doors in SM City North EDSA in 1991. Since Penshoppe's network of stores has grown to over 300 sites, Penshoppe had Nikki Gil-Albert, Jesli Hetutua, Heart Evangelista-Escudero and Jericho Rosales as their "local celebrity models"; some of the current local celebrity endorsers include Mikael Daez, Victor Basa, Bea Soriano, Akihiro Sato. The brand had Mandy Moore as a celebrity endorser in 2001. In 2011, the brand signed Gossip Girl Ed Westwick as an international celebrity endorser. Thai actor Mario Maurer signed a contract with PR Asia to become an international endorser for the clothing brand. In April 2012, the company announced that Zac Efron would be endorsing the clothing brand and was set to visit the Philippines that year.

In May 2012, American actor and model Ian Somerhalder, a.k.a. Damon Salvatore of The CW Television Network's The Vampire Diaries, announced he was to endorse Penshoppe. In May 2012, Leighton Meester a Gossip Girl cast member, became an endorser for Penhshoppe's campaign called "All Stars". In October 2012, Penshoppe announced through its Twitter account that the brand will be endorsed by One Direction, it was announced by Nina Dobrev, another star from The Vampire Diaries, will be endorsing the brand. Most Josh Bowman, a leading star in the hit show Revenge, was announced as an upcoming Penshoppe endorser. On September 6, 2014, supermodel Cara Delevingne was named as Penshoppe's newest endorser. In 2015 Sean O'Pry became a Penshoppe ambassador. On May 6, 2015, Penshoppe revealed that fashion model and television personality Kendall Jenner had joined the clothing line's endorsing team. On August 27, 2015, via Penshoppe's Instagram account, it was announced that 2NE1's vocalist, Sandara Park, will be joining the brand as its newest ambassador.

Earlier in 2016, Penshoppe was able to sign male modeling's new "It Boy", Lucky Blue Smith, as its newest endorser. In May 2016, American fashion model Gigi Hadid was revealed as another new face for Penshoppe. In 2017 Nam Joo Hyuk become face of Penshoppe, The new addition to the faces of Penshoppe is the daughter of supermodel Cindy Crawford, Kaia Gerber. In March 2018, Penshoppe announced via their social media accounts that Zayn Malik, a former member of One Direction is back in the Penshoppe team as an endorser, its current models include Bella Hadid, Jordan Barrett, Cameron Dallas for their latest campaign. And for the year 2019, Lalisa Manoban, Thai member of sensational girlgroup BLACKPINK, joins the Penshoppe family as their newest ambassador. Bench Official website Profile