Daye

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Daye
大冶市
County-level city
Century Clock and nearby buildings
Century Clock and nearby buildings
Daye is located in Hubei
Daye
Daye
Location in Hubei
Coordinates: 30°06′N 114°59′E / 30.100°N 114.983°E / 30.100; 114.983Coordinates: 30°06′N 114°59′E / 30.100°N 114.983°E / 30.100; 114.983
Country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
Prefecture-level city Huangshi
Area
 • Total 1,460 km2 (560 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2000)
 • Total 813,600
 • Density 560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website http://www.hbdaye.gov.cn/

Daye (Chinese: 大冶; pinyin: Dàyě) is a county-level city in eastern Hubei province, China. It is under the administration of the Huangshi prefecture-level city.

Before the adoption of the Hanyu Pinyin, the name of the city was often transcribed in English as Tayeh.[1]

As it is usually the case with county-level cities, Daye includes both an urban core and a fair amount of rural land in all directions, with smaller townships (zhen) such as Dajipu (大箕铺). According to the Fifth Population Census of China (2000), the entire county-level city of Daye had 813,600 residents, with a population density of 558 people per square kilometer.[2] The city is made up of 18 township-level divisions.[3][4][5][6]

The Daye Lake south of Daye's urban core is surrounded by parks and fishing ponds, and is a popular place for recreation.

For a traveler who goes on G316 from Wuhan toward the south-east, Daye appears as a border between the more urban and more rural parts of the province. Daye sits on the south-eastern border of the heavily industrialized Wuhan/Ezhou/Huangshi metropolitan area; south of it, the much more rural Yangxin County begins.

Economy[edit]

Azurite-malachite from Daye's Tongshankou Mine

Daye is an industrial city, a center of mining[7] and metallurgy, both ferrous and non-ferrous; its name means 'developing a prosperous smelting industry' (大兴炉冶).

Copper mining and smelting was conducted at Daye's Tonglüshan Mine (铜绿山, 30°04′52″N 114°56′07″E / 30.08111°N 114.93528°E / 30.08111; 114.93528) as early as the Spring and Autumn period (6th century B.C.E.), if not earlier.[8] Tonglüshan Mine is located just southwest of the modern city, and now has a museum.[9]

Although such copper-containing minerals as malachite and azurite are found here, the local ores are richer in iron than in copper, and the modern Daye is better known for its iron ore mining and processing.[8]

Among the major employers is Huangshi Daye Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.[10]

Transportation[edit]

The newly built Daye North Railway Station

Daye was the junction of the Wuhan-Daye Railway (completed in 1958) and Daye-Shahejie Railway (completed in 1987), which merged in 1989 to form the Wuhan–Jiujiang Railway. Huangshi Railway Station, which is the main passenger station for the entire Huangshi metropolitan area, is located within Daye's administrative borders, about 6 km (3.7 mi)north of downtown Daye (30°9′23″N 114°56′5″E / 30.15639°N 114.93472°E / 30.15639; 114.93472). It has fairly frequent service, with travel time to Wuhan being typically around 1 hour on a high-speed D-series train, or 1.5 hours on a "conventional" passenger train.[11]

Daye is served by the Wuhan–Huangshi Intercity Railway, part of the future Wuhan Metropolitan Area Intercity Railway, which opened in 2014. The new Daye North Railway Station, located north-east of Daye's main urban area (30°07′31″N 114°59′45″E / 30.125216°N 114.995895°E / 30.125216; 114.995895), serves as that line's terminal. It has fairly frequent service (about hourly) to the Wuhan Railway Station. Construction work is carried out to extent this rail line beyond Daye; this will become the Wuhan–Jiujiang Passenger Railway (estimated completion date, 2017).

Daye is also served by the China National Highway 106 (which coincides in this area with China National Highway 316).

History[edit]

Ta-yeh (Daye) and Tie-shan-pu (Tieshan) shown in the middle of this 1915 map, along with an early railway. Lake Daye south of town is labeled as L. Kin-hu (i.e. Jinhu, "Golden Lake")

Daye County existed on and off for centuries; as recently as the World War II period, it included much of today's prefecture-level city of Huangshi. This means that pre-1949 references to a location in "Daye" or "Tayeh" may refer to anywhere within today's Huangshi.

Daye County was re-established on June 1, 1962, on a rather smaller scale, as part of Huangshi City. On February 18, 1994 Daye was converted into a county-level city,[12] still within the prefecture-level city of Huangshi.[13]

Dialect[edit]

Qinglongshan Pagoda.

The speech of Daye and the adjacent counties farther south (toward the Jiangxi border) has been traditionally characterized as the Daye dialect, part of the Datong dialect group of Gan Chinese.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bureau of Mines / Minerals yearbook area reports: international 1971 (1971).
  2. ^ Huangshi population statistics[permanent dead link], as reported by Huangshi Prefecture-Level City Government
  3. ^ "大冶市情简介" (in Simplified Chinese). 黄石市东楚传媒网络科技有限公司. 21 September 2017. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 辖10个乡镇、4个城区街道办事处、1个省级高新区和1个国有农场, 
  4. ^ "大冶市历史沿革" (in Simplified Chinese). 行政区划网站www.xzqh.org. 6 August 2014. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 全市现辖5个街道、10个镇、1个乡:东岳路街道、东风路街道、金湖街道、罗家桥街道、金山街道、金牛镇、保安镇、灵乡镇、金山店镇、还地桥镇、殷祖镇、刘仁八镇、陈贵镇、大箕铺镇、汪仁镇、名山乡。 
  5. ^ "2016年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:大冶市" (in Simplified Chinese). 中华人民共和国国家统计局 National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. 2016. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 统计用区划代码 名称 420281001000 东岳路街道办事处 420281002000 东风路街道办事处 420281003000 金湖街道办事处 420281004000 罗家桥街道办事处 420281070000 金山街道办事处 420281100000 金牛镇 420281101000 保安镇 420281102000 灵乡镇 420281103000 金山店镇 420281104000 还地桥镇 420281105000 殷祖镇 420281107000 刘仁八镇 420281108000 陈贵镇 420281109000 大箕铺镇 420281170000 汪仁镇 420281200000 茗山乡 420281401000 东风农场管理区 420281402000 四顾闸管理处 
  6. ^ "湖北黄石市大冶市" (in Simplified Chinese). 博雅地名网. Retrieved 28 February 2018. 
  7. ^ Fengjiashan Mine (Daye Copper mine), Edong Mining District, Daye Co., Huangshi Prefecture, Hubei Province, China
  8. ^ a b Wagner, Donald B. (1993), Iron and Steel in Ancient China, Volume 9 of Handbook of Oriental Studies: Section 4, China (2 ed.), Brill, pp. 42–47, ISBN 978-9004096325 
  9. ^ Museum of the Former Site of Ancient Tonglüshan Copper Mine
  10. ^ Huangshi Daye Non-ferrous Metals Co., Ltd.,
  11. ^ Huangshi schedule, as of late 2013 (in Chinese)
  12. ^ "Daye China Britannica.com". Britannica.com. Retrieved 28 February 2018. Daye, established as a city in 1994, 
  13. ^ The Founding of Huangshi[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Daye topolect". Retrieved 2009-11-03. 

External links[edit]