Dayton Triangles

The Dayton Triangles were an original franchise of the American Professional Football Association in 1920. The Triangles were based in Dayton and took their nickname from their home field, Triangle Park, located at the confluence of the Great Miami and Stillwater Rivers in north Dayton, they were the longest-lasting traveling team in the NFL, the last such "road team" until the Dallas Texans in 1952, coincidentally, descended from the Dayton franchise. The original Dayton Triangles members first began playing together as basketball players at St. Mary's College, now the University of Dayton, from 1908 until 1912. After graduation, the players organized a basketball team of alumni and other local athletes, they went by the name of the St. Mary's Cadets; the Cadets claimed the title of "World Basketball Champions" by defeating the Buffalo German Ramblers. In the fall of 1913, the St. Marys Cadets organized a football team; the team was coached by Louis Clark. Al Mahrt was elected team captain; the team won the Dayton City Championship.

It won the Southern Ohio Championship by defeating the Cincinnati Celts 27–0 at Redland Park. The team won a second city championship despite injuries to Al Mahrt and Babe Zimmerman. In 1915 the team changed its name to the Dayton Gym-Cadets after their presumed sponsors, the Dayton Gymnastic Club; that season saw Al Marhrt take over as the team's coach. The team only lost one game that season, to the Columbus Panhandles, it won its third city championship. The team was reorganized in 1916 as a recreational football team from among the employees of three downtown Dayton factories: the Dayton Engineering Laboratories Company, the Dayton Metal Products Company, the Domestic Engineering Company. Carl Storck, who served as treasurer of the NFL and as acting league president from 1939 to 1941, co-sponsored the Dayton Cadets and used players recruited from the three factories to fill out the team roster. Storck would become the team's manager, while Bud Talbott, a Walter Camp All-American tackle and team captain at Yale University, was named the team's coach.

The team's name was changed to the Dayton Triangles that season. In 1916, the Triangles went 9–1, defeating teams from Cincinnati, Detroit and Pittsburgh; the Canton Bulldogs, with the legendary Jim Thorpe in the line-up, claimed the "Ohio League" Championship after their win over the Massillon Tigers. The Triangles challenged the Bulldogs to a game on December 10, 1916; the following season saw the Triangles move into Triangle Park. The team's 1917 campaign was successful; the team went 6–0–2 that season. The Triangles gave up only 13 to their opponents. In 1918 saw the United States entry in World War I, as well as a devastating Spanish flu pandemic. While the Triangles lost players to military service, they had many kept home with regular jobs in industries deemed essential to the war effort and, along with the few other teams still playing, far less competition for the talent pool; this allowed the Triangles to keep a team on the field and beat what few representative teams remained and claiming an Ohio League Championship.

The Triangle player-coach that season was Earle "Greasy" Neale. During their championship run, the Triangles defeated future NFL teams, the Toledo Maroons, Hammond Pros, Columbus Panhandles and Detroit Heralds; the Triangles went 8–0–0 in 1918, one of two known teams to have collected a perfect record of more than five games that year, the other being the Buffalo Niagaras, whose 6–0–0 record was collected as a result of playing only teams from Buffalo and who built their team on many of the players left out of work because of the Ohio League teams' suspension. In 1919, they followed up their championship with a season record of 4–2–1. At the first meetings held on August 20, 1920 and September 17, 1920 at Ralph Hay's Hupmobile dealership located in Canton, the Triangles were represented by their manager Carl Storck as they became charter members of the new league called the American Professional Football Association, until 1922 when it was renamed the National Football League. During the latter meeting, Jim Thorpe was unanimously elected as new league's president.

At this meeting, a membership fee of $100 per team was established, however George Halas stated that none of the charter teams paid it. On October 3, 1920, the Triangles won what could be considered the first APFA/NFL game, with a 14–0 defeat of the Columbus Panhandles at Triangle Park; the high point of the Triangles' 1920 season was a 20–20 tie at Triangle Park with Thorpe's Canton Bulldogs. Trailing the Triangles, 20–14, Thorpe nailed two late field goals to tie the score. Six games into the season, the Triangles remained undefeated but in the final three games lost twice to eventual league champion, the Akron Pros, ending 1920 with a 5–2–2 mark. In 1922, the other teams in the NFL were recruiting and signing top college players from around the country; this marked a decline in the team's performance, the Triangles ceased being competitive in the NFL. Because of their poor showing on the field, the Triangles were not able to draw crowds for home games: Triangle Park, with a seating capacity of 5,000 saw that many fans.

Soon, the combination of poor home gates and the lure of $2,500 guarantees to play at larger venues (like Wrigley Fi

2009 FA Vase Final

The 2008–09 FA Vase Final was the 35th final of the Football Association's cup competition for teams at levels 9-11 of the English football league system. The match was contested between Glossop North End, of the North West Counties League Premier Division, Whitley Bay, of the Northern League Division 1. With a maximum of 9 rounds needed to reach the Final "the Hillmen" played in every round, they played three away ties and five home matches plus the semi-final round, winning each round without need of a replay and outscored their opponents with 33 goals for and 11 conceded. Their semi final matches against Chalfont St Peter was a fascinating affair. With the first leg drawn 3-3, it was 1 - 1 at the end of 90 mins. In extra time K Lugsden scored with the last kick of extra 30 mins to draw the match 2 - 2 sending it into penalties. Glossop won the shootout with Rick Bailey keeping his nerve, slotting home the seventh taken penalty to decide the sudden death kick 6 - 5. "The Seahorses" on the other hand had a much easier time reaching the final only playing in six of the rounds, receiving a bye into Second Round Proper.

They were drawn with two away ties and three home matches, again beating all opponents at a first attempt, narrowly winning their semi 3 - 2 on aggregate. It was not Whitley Bays' first visit to Wembley, their last visit was in 2002 when they won the FA Vase Final. In comparison, this was Glossops' first visit to the home of football; as could be expected, the town of Glossop was gripped in a Wembley fever


SpamBayes is a Bayesian spam filter written in Python which uses techniques laid out by Paul Graham in his essay "A Plan for Spam". It has subsequently been improved among others; the most notable difference between a conventional Bayesian filter and the filter used by SpamBayes is that there are three classifications rather than two: spam, non-spam, unsure. The user trains a message as being either spam. If the spam score is high and the ham score is low, the message will be classified as spam. If the spam score is low and the ham score is high, the message will be classified as ham. If the scores are both high or both low, the message will be classified as unsure; this approach leads to a low number of false positives and false negatives, but it may result in a number of unsures which need a human decision. Some work has gone into applying SpamBayes to filter internet content via a proxy web server. Official website Paul Graham's original idea Essay discussing improvements on Graham's original idea Explaining how SpamBayes works Paper on SpamBayes for the Conference on E-mail and Anti-Spam Winning the War on spam: Comparison of Bayesian spam filters