John Wesley Hoyt
Dr. John Wesley Hoyt was an American politician and educator. Hoyt was the third Governor of Wyoming Territory. Hoyt was born in Worthington and graduated from the Ohio Wesleyan University in 1849, he attended the Cincinnati Law School and Ohio Medical College before attaining his medical degree from the Eclectic Medical Institute in Ohio in 1853. In 1857, Hoyt became active in politics. While in Wisconsin, he served as manager of the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society and was editor for the Wisconsin Farmer and Northern Cultivator, he served as United States and Wisconsin commissioner to the 1862 International Exhibition in London and again at the 1867 Exposition Universelle in Paris. From 1874 to 1876, he was chairman of the Wisconsin Board of Railroad Commissioners. On April 10, 1878, President Rutherford B. Hayes appointed Hoyt as governor of the Territory of Wyoming, replacing John Thayer, he served in that capacity until 1882. Hoyt was a strong supporter of education. Under the direction of Secretary of State William H. Seward he prepared a large study on education in America and Europe.
In 1887, following a brief time living in California, Hoyt returned to Wyoming to become the first president of the University of Wyoming. He lobbied for the creation of a national university, he died in Washington, D. C. on May 29, 1912. John Wesley Hoyt is the namesake of Hoyt Peak in Yellowstone National Park. Hoyt, John Wesley. Memorial in Regard to a National University at Google Books Works by or about John Wesley Hoyt at Internet Archive Washington Historical Society The Political Graveyard
Elliot S. N. Morgan
Elliot S. N. Morgan was an American politician from Pennsylvania. Morgan served as Acting Governor of Wyoming Territory in 1885, again from 1886 to 1887. Born in Pittsburgh, Morgan worked in his father's store, he was re-elected. After his term as territorial secretary, he stayed in Wyoming and served in the Wyoming constitutional convention and practiced law. Morgan was the only person to serve as Acting Governor of the Wyoming Territory before the region became an official U. S. state. When Governor William Hale died in office in early 1885, Morgan served as Acting Governor for forty-six days, from January 13, 1885 to February 28, 1885. Morgan served as Acting Governor again from December 20, 1886 to January 24, 1887, following the resignation of Governor George W. Baxter. Morgan was serving as the Secretary of the Territory when he assumed the official duties of the Governorship. In both instances, Morgan served as Governor. Morgan is the uncle of historian William J. Morgan. Elliot S. N. Morgan
Camden is a city in and the county seat of Wilcox County, United States. The population was 2,020 at the 2010 census, down from 2,257 in 2000. What is now Camden was established on property donated by Thomas Dunn from his plantation holdings in order to have a new town founded on the site in 1833 to serve as the county seat. Dunn's Federal style house, built in 1825, is the oldest documented house in the town; the first county seat was in the community of Canton Bend. The county seat was moved in 1833 to Barboursville renamed Camden, it had been named Barboursville in honor of United States Congressman Philip Barbour of Virginia. Incorporated in 1841, Camden was renamed by local physician John D. Caldwell in honor of his hometown of Camden, South Carolina; the area depended on cultivation of cotton as a commodity crop, worked by numerous African-American slaves. The earliest documented industries in the town were a brickyard and window fabricator; the Camden Phenix was the town's earliest known newspaper.
Townspeople founded a girls' school in 1844, the Wilcox Female Seminary and Female Institute, whose red-brick Greek-Revival style building was constructed from 1845–50. In 1976 the former school was adapted to house the Wilcox County Historical Society; the red-brick Greek-Revival style Wilcox County Courthouse listed on the National Register of Historic Places, was completed in 1857. It replaced an earlier wood-frame structure. During the American Civil War, many in the community joined the Confederate cause; the county courthouse was ransacked by Union forces in 1865, but advance warning allowed county officials to remove the county records to a safe place prior to arrival of Union troops. Devastated by the Civil War, Camden suffered fires during 1869 and 1870 that destroyed about two-thirds of the town; the town began to recover during the 1880s, with the first bank incorporated in 1894. Camden benefited economically during the mid-20th century with the construction of a paper mill at Yellow Bluff and of the Millers Ferry Lock and Dam, a hydroelectric dam on the Alabama River near Millers Ferry.
This created the William "Bill" Dannelly Reservoir, which has served as an important recreational resource. Camden is located at 31°59′56″N 87°17′45″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town had an area of 4.2 square miles, of which 4.2 square miles is land and 0.24% is water. As of the census of 2000, there were 2,257 people, 868 households, 584 families residing in the town; the population density was 533.7 people per square mile. There were 965 housing units at an average density of 228.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 54.23% African American, 45.28% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% from other races, 0.31% from two or more races. 0.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 868 households out of which 35.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.6% were married couples living together, 27.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.09. In the town the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 71.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $25,750, the median income for a family was $28,854. Males had a median income of $35,625 versus $20,735 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,272. About 31.4% of families and 33.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.3% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 2,020 people, 790 households, 540 families residing in the town; the population density was 481.0 people per square mile. There were 927 housing units at an average density of 220.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 57.4% African American, 42.0% White, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% from other races, 0.4% from two or more races.
0.7% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 790 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.1% were married couples living together, 26.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 3.07. In the town the population was spread out with 28.6% under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 21.0% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, 17.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 78.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $21,563, the median income for a family was $37,031. Males had a median income of $60,250 versus $23,380 for females; the per capita income for the town was $15,978. About 27.0% of families and 31.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 42.6% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.
Wilcox Academy, a private K-12 academy Wilcox Central High School, a public high school Henry Aaron right fielder, born in Camden, raised in Mobile. Johnny Baker - former American Football League linebacker and tight
Wyoming is a state in the mountain region of the western United States. The state is the 10th largest by area, the least populous, the second most sparsely populated state in the country. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, on the west by Idaho and Montana; the state population was estimated at 577,737 in 2018, less than 31 of the most populous U. S. cities including Denver in neighboring Colorado. Cheyenne is the state capital and the most populous city, with an estimated population of 63,624 in 2017; the western two-thirds of the state is covered by the mountain ranges and rangelands of the Rocky Mountains, while the eastern third of the state is high elevation prairie called the High Plains. Half of the land in Wyoming is owned by the U. S. government, leading Wyoming to rank sixth by area and fifth by proportion of a state's land owned by the federal government. Federal lands include two national parks—Grand Teton and Yellowstone—two national recreation areas, two national monuments, several national forests, historic sites, fish hatcheries, wildlife refuges.
Original inhabitants of the region include the Crow, Arapaho and Shoshone. Southwestern Wyoming was in the Spanish Empire and Mexican territory until it was ceded to the United States in 1848 at the end of the Mexican–American War; the region acquired the name Wyoming when a bill was introduced to the U. S. Congress in 1865 to provide a "temporary government for the territory of Wyoming"; the name was used earlier for the Wyoming Valley in Pennsylvania, is derived from the Munsee word xwé:wamənk, meaning "at the big river flat". The main drivers of Wyoming's economy are mineral extraction—mostly coal, natural gas, trona—and tourism. Agricultural commodities include livestock, sugar beets and wool; the climate is semi-arid and continental and windier than the rest of the U. S. with greater temperature extremes. Wyoming has been a politically conservative state since the 1950s, with the Republican Party candidate winning every presidential election except 1964. Wyoming's climate is semi-arid and continental, is drier and windier in comparison to most of the United States with greater temperature extremes.
Much of this is due to the topography of the state. Summers in Wyoming are warm with July high temperatures averaging between 85 and 95 °F in most of the state. With increasing elevation, this average drops with locations above 9,000 feet averaging around 70 °F. Summer nights throughout the state are characterized by a rapid cooldown with the hottest locations averaging in the 50–60 °F range at night. In most of the state, most of the precipitation tends to fall in early summer. Winters are cold, but are variable with periods of sometimes extreme cold interspersed between mild periods, with Chinook winds providing unusually warm temperatures in some locations. Wyoming is a dry state with much of the land receiving less than 10 inches of rainfall per year. Precipitation depends on elevation with lower areas in the Big Horn Basin averaging 5–8 inches; the lower areas in the North and on the eastern plains average around 10–12 inches, making the climate there semi-arid. Some mountain areas do receive a good amount of precipitation, 20 inches or more, much of it as snow, sometimes 200 inches or more annually.
The state's highest recorded temperature is 114 °F at Basin on July 12, 1900 and the lowest recorded temperature is −66 °F at Riverside on February 9, 1933. The number of thunderstorm days vary across the state with the southeastern plains of the state having the most days of thunderstorm activity. Thunderstorm activity in the state is highest during early summer; the southeastern corner of the state is the most vulnerable part of the state to tornado activity. Moving away from that point and westwards, the incidence of tornadoes drops with the west part of the state showing little vulnerability. Tornadoes, where they occur, tend to be small and brief, unlike some of those that occur farther east; as specified in the designating legislation for the Territory of Wyoming, Wyoming's borders are lines of latitude 41°N and 45°N, longitude 104°3'W and 111°3'W, making the shape of the state a latitude-longitude quadrangle. Wyoming is one of only three states to have borders along only straight latitudinal and longitudinal lines, rather than being defined by natural landmarks.
Due to surveying inaccuracies during the 19th century, Wyoming's legal border deviates from the true latitude and longitude lines by up to half of a mile in some spots in the mountainous region along the 45th parallel. Wyoming is bordered on the north by Montana, on the east by South Dakota and Nebraska, on the south by Colorado, on the southwest by Utah, on the west by Idaho, it is the tenth largest state in the United States in total area, containing 97,814 square miles and is made up of 23 counties. From the north border to the south border it is 276 miles; the Great Plains meet the Rocky Mountains in Wyoming. The state is a great plateau broken by many mountain ranges. Surface elevations range from the summit of Gannett Peak in the Wind River Mountain Range, at 13,804 feet, to the Belle Fourche River val
John Allen Campbell
John Allen Campbell was a politician and officer in the United States Army, as well as the first Governor of the Wyoming Territory. Campbell was born in Salem and attended public school in Ohio. In 1861, he joined the Union Army in the Civil War, during which time he served as a publicity writer and as adjutant general on Major General John M. Schofield's staff, he advanced from lieutenant to lieutenant colonel. On February 24, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Campbell for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on April 10, 1866. John Campbell married Isabella Wunderly daughter of Benjamin Wunderly and Rachel Knettle Wunderly, on February 1, 1872. Campbell died 8 years later. Isabella never remarried and died on September 23, 1923 in Washington D. C.. Both John and Isabella are buried at the Arlington National Cemetery, Washington, D. C. Campbell continued to serve under Major General Schofield during the Reconstruction Period, in Virginia Campbell helped set up senatorial and representative districts.
President Ulysses S. Grant appointed him Governor of Wyoming Territory in 1869 and again in 1873. While Governor, Campbell approved the first law in United States history explicitly granting women the right to vote; the law was approved on December 10, 1869. This day was commemorated as Wyoming Day. In 1875, Campbell served as Third Assistant Secretary of State under Secretary of State Hamilton Fish. Campbell was a member of the Republican Party. Campbell was appointed American Consul at Basel, Switzerland, on December 3, 1877, resigned on February 4, 1880. Campbell died on July 14, 1880 and is interred at Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia. Campbell County, Wyoming, is named after him. Campbell is portrayed Ed Prentiss in the Lawman episode "The Truce". In the story line, a wanted outlaw, O. C. Coulsen turns himself in to Marshal Dan Troop in hopes that Governor Campbell will grant Coulsen clemency, because Coulsen had saved the governor's life during the American Civil War. Meanwhile, a sheriff in pursuit seeks credit for Coulsen's arrest.
The governor informs Coulsen that he must first undergo arrest and trial before there can be any consideration of a pardon. Campbell is portrayed by Jake Weber, as a main character - the provisional governor of Wyoming and overseer of the Union Pacific Railroad, in Hell on Wheels' fourth and fifth seasons. List of American Civil War brevet generals Arlington Cemetery "John Allen Campbell". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-08-13; the Political Graveyard Wyoming State Archives Governor John A. Campbell Papers, RG0001.1, Wyoming State Archives. Campbell Collection, 1854-1907, C-1049, Wyoming State Archives
Douglas is a city in Converse County, United States. The population was 6,120 at the 2010 census, it is the home of the Wyoming State Fair. Its former railroad passenger depot is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Douglas was platted in 1886, it served as a supply point and retail, for surrounding cattle ranches, as well as servicing railway crews and the troops of the U. S. Army stationed at Fort Fetterman. Douglas was the home of a World War II internment camp. Douglas is located at 42°45′22″N 105°23′4″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.76 square miles, of which 4.58 square miles is land and 0.18 square miles is water. Douglas has a semi-arid climate; as of the census of 2010, there were 6,120 people, 2,546 households, 1,613 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,336.2 inhabitants per square mile. There were 2,788 housing units at an average density of 608.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.2% Asian, 2.2% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.6% of the population. There were 2,546 households of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.7% were married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, 36.6% were non-families. 30.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age in the city was 35 years. 27.7% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female. As of the census of 2000, there were 5,288 people, 2,118 households, 1,423 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,035.0 people per square mile. There were 2,385 housing units at an average density of 466.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 94.12% White, 0.06% African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 3.63% from other races, 1.27% from two or more races.
Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.64% of the population. There were 2,118 households out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.8% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.04. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.5% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $36,944, the median income for a family was $44,900. Males had a median income of $36,489 versus $18,662 for females; the per capita income for the city was $17,634. About 11.9% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.6% of those under age 18 and 14.7% of those age 65 or over.
Public education in the city of Douglas is provided by Converse County School District #1. Zoned campuses include Douglas Primary School, Douglas Intermediate School, Douglas Upper Elementary School, Douglas Middle School, Douglas High school. Douglas is home to the branch campus of Eastern Wyoming College, one of the state's seven community colleges. Douglas is located on the banks of the North Platte River, is named for Stephen A. Douglas, U. S. Senator; the city grew after it was designated a stop on the Fremont and Missouri Valley Railroad. Railroads brought pioneers west. Douglas' location affords excellent access to nearby sights. Medicine Bow National Forest is located nearby, as is Thunder Basin National Grassland and Ayres Natural Bridge. In 1996 Douglas was listed by Norman Crampton as one of The 100 Best Small Towns in America; the former Fremont and Missouri Valley Railroad Passenger Depot in Douglas is included on the National Register of Historic Places. The Douglas Chamber of Commerce, part of the Douglas Railroad Interpretive Center is located in the depot.
The free of charge exhibition outside contains eight railroad vehicles, one steam locomotive with tender and seven cars. Since Fort Fetterman days, Douglas has been a center of American horse culture; the remains of the first winner of American racing's Triple Crown, thoroughbred Sir Barton, are buried here. Today, Douglas is the location of the Wyoming State Fair, held every summer and known for its rodeo and animal competitions. On the fairgrounds is the Wyoming Pioneer Memorial Museum, a collection of pioneer and Native American relics pertaining to the history of Converse County. In 1932, the jackalope legend in the United States was attributed by The New York T
Charlestown, New Hampshire
Charlestown is a town in Sullivan County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 5,114 at the 2010 census; the town is home to Hubbard State Forest and the headquarters of the Student Conservation Association. The primary settlement in town, where 1,152 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Charlestown census-designated place and is located along New Hampshire Route 12; the town includes the villages of North Charlestown, South Charlestown and Hemlock Center. The area was first granted on 31 December 1735 by colonial governor Jonathan Belcher of Massachusetts as "Plantation No. 4", the fourth in a line of forts on the Connecticut River border established as trading posts. Settled in 1740, Number Four was the northernmost township, its 1744 log fort became a strategic military site throughout the French and Indian Wars. On the evening of May 2, 1746, Seth Putnam joined Major Josiah Willard and several soldiers as they escorted women to milk the cows; as they approached the booth, Natives hiding in the bushes opened fire.
This was the first casualty in the hostilities. In 1747 the fort was besieged for three days by a force of Native people. Captain Phineas Stevens and 31 soldiers, stationed at the fort, repelled the attack, their success became well-known, the fort was never attacked again. On July 2, 1753, the town was regranted as "Charlestown" by Governor Benning Wentworth, after Admiral Charles Knowles of the Royal Navy governor of Jamaica. Admiral Knowles, in port at Boston during the 1747 siege, sent Captain Stevens a sword to acknowledge his valor; the town responded by naming itself in his honor. Early in the morning of August 30, 1754, Susannah Willard Johnson along with her husband, her three children, her sister and two neighbors, Peter Labarree and Ebenezer Farnsworth, were captured by Abenaki people, marched to Montreal and incarcerated, they would all escape or be released and return home. In 1781, Charlestown joined Vermont because of dissatisfaction with treatment by the New Hampshire government.
Returning at the insistence of George Washington, it was incorporated in 1783. The community developed into second regionally only to Boston, its prosperity would be expressed in fine architecture. Sixty-three buildings on Charlestown's Main Street are now listed on the National Register of Historic Places, they include the Gothic Revival South Parish Church erected by master-builder Stephen Hassam in 1842, St. Luke's Church designed by Richard Upjohn in 1863, the Italianate Town Hall designed in 1872 by Edward Dow, New Hampshire's most prominent architect after the Civil War. Dow designed Thompson Hall, the centerpiece of the University of New Hampshire. In 1874, the Sullivan Railroad passed through the western border of Charlestown; the tracks are now part of the New England Central Railroad. A reproduction of the Fort at Number 4 is now a historical site, where military reenactments and musters occur throughout the summer months. Tours are offered of pioneer-style houses. Charlestown is located along the western border of New Hampshire.
It is bordered to the north by the city of Claremont, to the east by the towns of Unity and Acworth, to the southeast by the town of Langdon, to the south by Cheshire County with the town of Walpole. To the west, across the Connecticut River, is the state of Vermont, the town of Rockingham in Windham County and the town of Springfield in Windsor County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 38.0 square miles, of which 35.8 sq mi is land and 2.2 sq mi is water, comprising 5.90% of the town. Charlestown is drained by Clay Brook; the highest point in town is Sams Hill, at 1,683 feet above sea level). Charlestown lies within the Connecticut River watershed. In the Connecticut River in the 1800s were three islands within the limits of the town. Sartwell's Island, the largest, containing 10 acres, was under a high cultivation in 1874; the others contained about 6 acres each. None show on maps today, were inundated by the power dam built downstream at Bellows Falls.
Charlestown is served by New Hampshire Routes 11, 12 and 12A. Routes 11 and 12 lead north from the town center 11 miles to downtown Claremont. Route 12 leads south 7 miles to North Walpole, adjacent to Bellows Falls, 28 miles to Keene, New Hampshire. Route 11 leads northwest from the center of Charlestown to the Cheshire Bridge across the Connecticut River, after which it becomes Vermont Route 11 and provides access to Interstate 91 and U. S. Route 5 in Vermont. Bus service is available from Community Alliance Transport Services, with several buses a day connecting Charlestown and Claremont; the New England Central Railroad has track rights through the town. Amtrak's Vermonter passenger rail line runs through Charlestown along the Connecticut River but does not stop in town; the closest stations are Claremont to the north. The nearest general aviation airports are Claremont Municipal Airport, 10 miles to the north, Hartness State Airport in North Springfield, Vermont, 11 miles to the northwest.
The nearest airport with scheduled airline service is Lebanon Municipal Airport, 33 miles to the north in West Lebanon. Charlestown is served by a full-time police department, volunteer fire department, volunteer ambulance service; the town's emergency services are dispatched by the Charlestown Police Department dispatch center. Charlestown falls within Troop C of the New Hampshire State Police. As