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DeKalb County, Georgia

DeKalb County is a county in the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 691,893, its county seat is Decatur. DeKalb County is included in GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, it contains 10% of the city of Atlanta. It is Georgia's most diverse county. DeKalb is a suburban county, is the second-most-affluent county with an African-American majority in the United States, behind Prince George's County, Maryland, in suburban Washington, D. C. In 2009, DeKalb earned the Atlanta Regional Commission's "Green Communities" designation for its efforts in conserving energy and fuel. In recent years, some communities in North DeKalb have incorporated, following a trend in other suburban areas around Metro Atlanta. Dunwoody and Brookhaven are now the largest cities within the county. DeKalb County, formed in 1822 from Henry and Fayette counties, took its name from Baron Johann de Kalb, a Bavarian-born former officer in the French Army, who fought for the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.

The oldest existing house in the county is the 1831 Goodwin House along Peachtree Road in Brookhaven. In 1853, Fulton County formed from the western half of DeKalb, divided along a straight and due north/south line down the middle; until this time, the growing city of Atlanta had been inside DeKalb. Atlanta grew because the city of Decatur did not want to become the railroad terminus in the 1830s, thus a spot at the Thrasherville encampment in western DeKalb was picked to become Terminus and Marthasville, before becoming Atlanta a few years after its founding. North and southwest Fulton came from two other counties: Milton and southeast Campbell, respectively. DeKalb once extended further north to the Chattahoochee River, but this strip was given to Milton, is now the panhandle of Sandy Springs. During the Civil War, much of the Battle of Atlanta took place in DeKalb; until the 1960s, DeKalb was a agricultural county, but as the sprawl of the metropolitan Atlanta region expanded, DeKalb became urbanized.

Finished in 1969, the eastern half of the Interstate 285 beltway, called "the Perimeter", ringed the northeastern and southern edges of the county, placing most of it "inside the Perimeter" along with nearly all of Atlanta. Interstate 675 and Georgia 400 were planned to connect inside the Perimeter, along with the Stone Mountain Freeway connecting with the Downtown Connector near Moreland Avenue, destroying many neighborhoods in western DeKalb, but community opposition in the early 1970s spared them this fate of urbanization, although part of the proposed Stone Mountain Tollway became the Freedom Parkway. Only Interstate 20 and Interstate 85 were built through the county. DeKalb became one of only two counties to approve MARTA rapid transit in the 1970s. In April 2018, more than 350 bus drivers for DeKalb County School District went on strike over low pay and poor working conditions, resulting in seven bus drivers being fired. In recent years, along with many other counties in the Atlanta area, DeKalb County has voted Democratic in presidential elections, while in the past it was more of a swing county, voting Democratic and Republican an equal number of times from 1960 until 1988.

In the wake of the United States elections, 2018, it no longer has any Republican representatives in the state legislature or United States House of Representatives, for the first time since the breakdown of the old Solid South. The current Chief Executive Officer of DeKalb County is Michael Thurmond, he took office on January 1, 2017. Current County Commissioners as of January 2019: Unincorporated DeKalb County is policed by the DeKalb County Police Department. Fire services are provided throughout the county by Rescue. DeKalb County Fire and Rescue provided emergency medical services throughout the county; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is based in the Druid Hills CDP in an unincorporated area in the county. The Federal Bureau of Investigation Atlanta Field Office is located in Chamblee; the Georgia Department of Juvenile Justice has its headquarters near Decatur. The Georgia Bureau of Investigation has its headquarters near Decatur, in an unincorporated area; the Metro State Prison of the Georgia Department of Corrections was located in an unincorporated area in DeKalb County.

Female death row inmates resided in the Metro State Prison. The prison was closed in 2011. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 271 square miles, of which 268 square miles is land and 3.6 square miles is water. The county is crossed by the South River and numerous creeks, including Nancy Creek, Snapfinger Creek and two forks of Peachtree Creek. Peachtree Creek and Nancy Creek drain into the Chattahoochee River and to the Gulf of Mexico. South River drains into the Ocmulgee River and into the Atla


Lordiphosa is a genus of fly in the family Drosophilidae. L. acongruens L. acuminata L. alticola Hu, Watabe & Toda, 1999 L. andalusiaca L. antillaria L. archoroides L. baechlii Zhang, 2008 L. basdeni L. biconvexa L. chaoi Hu & Toda, 1999 L. chaolipinga L. clarofinis L. coei L. collinella L. cultrata Zhang, 1993 L. denticeps L. deqenensis Zhang, 1993 L. eminens Quan & Zhang, 2003 L. falsiramula Zhang, 1993 L. fenestrarum L. gruicollara Quan & Zhang, 2003 L. harpophallata Hu, Watabe & Toda, 1999 L. hexasticha L. himalayana L. hirsuta L. incidens Quan & Zhang, 2003 L. kurokawai L. ludianensis Quan & Zhang, 2001 L. macai Zhang, 2008 L. megalopectinata L. miki L. mommai (Takada & L. neokurokawai L. nigricolor L. nigrifemur Quan & Zhang, 2001 L. nigrocolor L. nigrostyla L. paradenticeps L. paraflabella Gupta & De, 1996 L. parantillaria L. penicilla L. penicula L. peniglobosa L. piliferous Quan & Zhang, 2003 L. porrecta L. protrusa L. ramipara L. ramosissima L. ramula Zhang, 1993 L. ripa L. serriflabella L. shennongjiana Hu & Toda, 1999 L. shii Quan & Zhang, 2001 L. spinopenicula L. stackelbergi L. subantillaria L. tripartita L. tsacasi Zhang, 2008 L. variopicta L. vittata Zhang & Liang, 1994 L. zonaria

Percy Thrower

Percy John Thrower was a British gardener, horticulturist and writer born at Horwood House in the village of Little Horwood, Buckinghamshire. He became nationally known through presenting gardening programmes, starting in 1956 with the BBC's Gardening Club the BBC's Gardeners' World from 1969 until 1976; the surname Thrower is peculiar to East Anglia, where Percy’s father worked as a gardener at Bawdsey Manor, before moving to Horwood House near Bletchley, Buckinghamshire, as head gardener. Percy Thrower was determined from an early age to be a head gardener like his father, worked under him at Horwood House for four years after leaving school, he became a journeyman gardener in 1931, at the age of 18, at the Royal Gardens at Windsor Castle, on £1 a week. He lived in the bothy at Windsor, along with twenty other improver gardeners and disabled ex-servicemen who were employed on full wages, he spent five years there under the head gardener, Charles Cook, subsequently to become his father-in-law.

Thrower left Windsor on 1 August 1935 for the City of Leeds Parks Department as a journeyman. There he passed the Royal Horticultural Society’s General Exam. In 1937, he moved to Derby Parks Department as a journeyman, but was promoted to be a foreman, General Foreman and the Assistant Parks Superintendent. At Derby, he met John Maxfield, whom he considered to be the best gardener he worked under. Percy studied and passed the National Diploma in Horticulture at the second attempt, became a lecturer at Derby Technical College, he became engaged to Connie Cook, the daughter of Charles Cook, now the head gardener at Sandringham, having moved from Windsor, where Edward VIII and Mrs Simpson had interfered with the running of the gardens. In order to help him, Queen Mary, in residence at Sandringham after the death of her husband George V, instigated his move from Windsor to Sandringham. On 9 September 1939, at Sandringham and Connie married; the couple received a wedding gift of a set of Burslem china dishes from Queen Mary.

While at Derby, Thrower became a leading light in the "Dig for Victory" campaign in the Second World War, carrying out educational visits to many of the local parks and Derby Sewerage Works. Percy became a Special Constable on fire-watching duties after twice being turned down for active service after volunteering. A football pools win of £ 52 enabled him to buy a Morris Eight, his final career move was to Shrewsbury in 1946, as the Parks Superintendent, becoming the youngest parks superintendent. He had a staff of about 35, he had reached the top of his profession at just 32 years of age and it was his sole ambition in life. He expected to stay only four or five years, but in fact remained in post until 1974. In 1951, Percy Thrower was asked to design a garden in Berlin on the lines of an English garden on behalf of the Shropshire Horticultural Society, he did this with the Berlin Superintendent of Parks, Herr Witte. Anthony Eden opened the garden in May 1952. Thrower made his first TV appearance in 1951 in a programme about this garden.

For many years Percy Thrower was the leading face and voice of British gardening on television and radio. He was credited by Alan Titchmarsh with inspiring him to take up gardening. Godfrey Baseley, the presenter of a Midland regional BBC radio programme, Beyond the Back Door, spotted his enthusiasm and talents and he was offered a regular slot; the first TV series with which he was associated was Country Calendar, followed by Out and About. When colour television came along, this programme was renamed Gardeners' World, he became nationally known through presenting these programmes and presented Gardeners' World from 1969 until 1976. He was the gardener on the children's programme Blue Peter from 1974 until 1987, appearing in over a hundred broadcasts and establishing the Blue Peter garden at BBC TV Centre. In 1983, the Italianate garden was destroyed by vandals, ruining all of Thrower's work and leaving him desolate. A tabloid journalist approached one of the purported vandals with a picture of a sobbing Thrower, asking him how he felt.

Percy Thrower's work for the BBC was not restricted to gardening. In the 1960s, Thrower, a habitual pipe smoker, was asked by the radio producer Tony Shryane to provide sound effects for The Archers. In 1963, he built his own house near Shrewsbury, on land he acquired with a friend in the small village of Merrington, 6 miles north west of Shrewsbury; this gave him a garden of about one and a half acres to "play with", something which he had never had before. The garden subsequently became the location for some of the episodes of Gardeners' World, he opened the garden to the public in 1966, this became an annual event to raise money for charity. In 1967, he became involved with the development of what was one of the first garden centres, Syon Park, near Brentford, owned by the Duke of Northumberland and backed by Plant Protection, a division of ICI, who had leased 50 acres from the Duke; the centre was a success at first, but sales tailed off and Thrower left the project. In 1970, in partnership with Duncan Murphy, he bought the firm of Murrell's of Shrewsbury and turned it into the Percy Thrower Garden Centre.

He retired in 1974 from the post of Superintendent of Parks as Shrewsbury and started a weekly column for the Daily Mail in 1975. He wrote for several other papers, notably the Daily Express and the Sunday Express, he wrote for the magazine Amateur Gardening and wrote many books, which were published by Collingbridge and Hamlyn. The BBC dropped Thrower in 1975 when he agreed a contract with Plant Protection, a subsidiary of ICI, for a series of commercials

Peter Blackburn (MP)

Peter Blackburn was a British Conservative Party politician. Blackburn was the son of Jamaica proprietor John Blackburn of Killearn and Rebecca Louise Gillies, the brother of Scottish Law Lord Colin Blackburn and mathematician Hugh Blackburn. In 1835, he married Jean Wedderburn, daughter of James Wedderburn and Isabella Clerk, they had at least eight sons and five daughters, including: John. Blackburn started his career in the military as a cornet in the 2nd Regiment of Life Guards in 1830, before retiring as a lieutenant in 1837, he became a Justice of the Peace and Deputy Lieutenant for Stirlingshire. In 1846, he became chairman of the Glasgow Railway. A Liberal-Conservative, Blackburn was elected MP for Stirlingshire at a by-election in 1855, caused by the death of William Forbes. In 1859, he was appointed a junior Lord Commissioner of the Treasury, although with little enthusiasm. In correspondence between the-then Chancellor of the Exchequer Benjamin Disraeli and Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, sent in August 1858, Smith-Stanley said: "Blackburn would be a respectable appointment, but there is no particular reason for him."He held the seat until 1865 when he was defeated by the Liberal John Erskine.

While being recognised as "shrewd and practical" in his role, his defeat was credited to impolite actions regarding the commercial treaty, the county franchise, game laws. Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Mr Peter Blackburn


The Nakasendō called the Kisokaidō, was one of the five routes of the Edo period, one of the two that connected Edo to Kyoto in Japan. There were 69 stations between Edo and Kyoto, crossing through Musashi, Kōzuke, Mino and Ōmi provinces. In addition to Tokyo and Kyoto, the Nakasendō runs through the modern-day prefectures of Saitama, Nagano and Shiga, with a total distance of about 534 km. Unlike the coastal Tōkaidō, the Nakasendō traveled inland, hence its name, which can be translated as "中 = central; because it was such a well-developed road, many famous persons, including the haiku master Matsuo Bashō, traveled the road. Many people preferred traveling along the Nakasendō because it did not require travelers to ford any rivers. Around the beginning of the seventh century, during the beginning of Ritsuryō, the area that would make up the Nakasendō was developed to connect Kinai with the provinces of the Tōsandō that lie to the east. During the Sengoku period, which lasted from the 15th to 17th centuries, the Tōsandō was controlled by the Takeda, Ogasawara and Oda clans.

In order to connect the Tōsandō with the Tōkaidō, a road system was developed. This route is followed by the modern day national highways numbered 52, 151, 153, 22. In the early years of the Edo period, many political, legal and intellectual changes took place. Among them was the rejuvenation of Japan's thousand-year-old highway system. Five roads were formally nominated as official routes for the use of the shōgun and the other daimyō and to provide the Tokugawa shogunate with the communications network that it needed to stabilize and rule the country. One of these five roads was the Nakasendō, which stretched from Edo, from where the shogun wielded the real power, through the central mountain ranges of Honshu and on to Kyoto; until the establishment of these formal trade routes, many shorter routes had existed, connecting towns over various distances. For example, the Kisoji route's eleven post towns all become part of the Nakasendō. Prior to the Edo period, the route had been called both "Sandō" and "Tōsandō".

During the Edo period, the name was changed to Nakasendō and was written as both 中山道 and 中仙道, but the Tokugawa shogunate established 中山道 as the official name in 1716. Although much of the Nakasendō no longer exists in its historic form, its route is now followed by modern roads. In order, they are: National Route 17: Tokyo to Takasaki National Route 18: Takasaki to Karuizawa National Route 142: Saku to Shimosuwa National Route 20: Shimosuwa to Shiojiri National Route 19: Shiojiri to Ena National Route 21: Mitake to Maibara National Route 8: Maibara to Kusatsu National Route 1: Kusatsu to KyotoPortions of the following railway lines follow the path of the former Nakasendō: Takasaki Line Shin'etsu Main Line Chūō Main Line Taita Line Tōkaidō Main Line Although there has been much modern development along the Nakasendō, a few stretches remain in its original form. Three sections in Nagano Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture have been accorded National Historic Site of Japan status by the central government in 1987.

These include the section between Wada-shuku and Wada Pass, the section between Shiojiri-juku and Midono-juku, the section between Tsumago-juku and Magome-juku. The most well-known section lies between Tsumago-juku and Magome-juku; the area was first made famous by the early 20th-century writer Shimazaki Tōson, who chronicled the effects of the Meiji Restoration on the valley in his landmark novel Before the Dawn. This eight-kilometer section of the Nakasendō can still be travelled along comfortably by foot, both Tsumago-juku and Magome-juku have preserved and restored the traditional architecture; the walk between the historical post towns requires two to three hours to walk, with forests, restored paving and fine views of waterfalls along the way. 69 Stations of the Nakasendō Kōshū Kaidō Ōshū Kaidō Nikkō Kaidō


Penangunni is a 2013 Malayalam 3D film directed by Manoj Chandrasekharan, starring child actors Abhijith Sanal and Vaishnavi in the lead roles. Based on the poem Penangunni by Kureepuzha Sreekumar, which itself won the Balasahithya Award from the Kerala Sahithya Academy in 2003, The film was released 2 August 2013; the film presents a cinematic journey through the literary lands of Kerala in order to examine and understand its heritage. Two orphans are in search of their lost parrot; the parrot represents Malayalam. It is through exploration of the various landmarks and milestones of the language, that the children make their journey to find their pet. Abhijith Sanal as Penangunni Vaishnavi as Amminikkutty The film's audio tracks were released 11 April 2012 at KV Pattom.'പെണങ്ങുണ്ണി' - ആദ്യ അനിമേഷന്‍ ചലച്ചിത്രം പെണങ്ങുണ്ണി ഒരുങ്ങുന്നു ഗൃഹാതുരതയെ തൊട്ടുണര്‍ത്തി പെണങ്ങുണ്ണി പ്രദര്‍ശനത്തിന്