California is the most populous state in the United States and the third most extensive by area. Located on the western coast of the U. S, California is bordered by the other U. S. states of Oregon and Arizona and shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California. Los Angeles is Californias most populous city, and the second largest after New York City. The Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nations second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, California has the nations most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The Central Valley, an agricultural area, dominates the states center. What is now California was first settled by various Native American tribes before being explored by a number of European expeditions during the 16th and 17th centuries, the Spanish Empire claimed it as part of Alta California in their New Spain colony. The area became a part of Mexico in 1821 following its war for independence.
The western portion of Alta California was organized as the State of California, the California Gold Rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom. If it were a country, California would be the 6th largest economy in the world, fifty-eight percent of the states economy is centered on finance, real estate services and professional, scientific and technical business services. Although it accounts for only 1.5 percent of the states economy, the story of Calafia is recorded in a 1510 work The Adventures of Esplandián, written as a sequel to Amadis de Gaula by Spanish adventure writer Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo. The kingdom of Queen Calafia, according to Montalvo, was said to be a land inhabited by griffins and other strange beasts. This conventional wisdom that California was an island, with maps drawn to reflect this belief, shortened forms of the states name include CA, Cal. Calif. and US-CA.
Settled by successive waves of arrivals during the last 10,000 years, various estimates of the native population range from 100,000 to 300,000. The Indigenous peoples of California included more than 70 distinct groups of Native Americans, ranging from large, settled populations living on the coast to groups in the interior. California groups were diverse in their organization with bands, villages. Trade and military alliances fostered many social and economic relationships among the diverse groups, the first European effort to explore the coast as far north as the Russian River was a Spanish sailing expedition, led by Portuguese captain Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo, in 1542. Some 37 years English explorer Francis Drake explored and claimed a portion of the California coast in 1579. Spanish traders made unintended visits with the Manila galleons on their trips from the Philippines beginning in 1565
The Atlanta Hawks are a professional basketball team based in Atlanta. The Hawks compete in the National Basketball Association as a team of the leagues Eastern Conference Southeast Division. The team plays its games at Philips Arena. The teams origins can be traced to the establishment of the Buffalo Bisons in 1946 in Buffalo, New York, after 38 days in Buffalo, the team moved to Moline, where they were renamed the Tri-Cities Blackhawks. In 1949, they joined the NBA as part of the merger between the NBL and the Basketball Association of America, and had Red Auerbach as coach briefly, in 1951, Kerner moved the team to Milwaukee, where they changed their name to the Hawks. Kerner and the team moved again in 1955 to St. Louis, the Hawks played the Boston Celtics in all four of their trips to the NBA Finals. The St. Louis Hawks moved to Atlanta in 1968, when Kerner sold the franchise to Thomas Cousins, the Hawks currently own the second-longest drought of not winning an NBA championship at 57 seasons.
The franchises lone NBA championship, as well as all four NBA Finals appearances, they went 48 years without advancing past the second round of the playoffs in any format, until finally breaking through in 2015. Much of the failure theyve experienced in the postseason can be traced back to their history in the NBA draft. Since 1980, the Hawks have drafted four players who have been chosen to play in an NBA All-Star Game. Dominique Wilkins was actually selected by the Utah Jazz and traded to the Hawks a few months after the draft, the origins of the Atlanta Hawks can be traced to the Buffalo Bisons franchise, which was founded in 1946. The Bisons were a member of the National Basketball League, the club was organized by the Erie County American Legion and was coached by Nat Hickey. Their first game – a 50–39 victory over the Syracuse Nationals – was played on November 8,1946, on the team was William Pop Gates, along with William Dolly King, was one of the first two African-American players in the NBL.
The team, which needed to draw 3,600 fans per game to break even struggled to draw 1,000 fans per game to the Auditorium. Upon relocation to Moline, the team was renamed the Tri-Cities Blackhawks, and played their games at Wharton Field House. The team featured guard/forward and coach Deanglo King, and was owned by Leo Ferris, Pop Gates remained on the Blackhawks roster, and finished second on the team in scoring behind future 1948 NBL MVP Don Otten. A Naismith Basketball Hall of Fame member, Gates helped to integrate the league and become the first African-American coach in a sports league. In 1949 the Blackhawks became one of the National Basketball Associations 17 original teams after a merger of the 12-year-old NBL and they reached the playoffs in the NBAs inaugural year under the leadership of coach Red Auerbach
2000 NBA draft
The 2000 NBA draft was held on June 28,2000 at the Target Center in Minneapolis. It was the last draft held at the arena of an NBA team until 2011. As of 2015, it is the last NBA draft where a senior would be selected as the top selection of the draft. Sports Illustrated named this entire draft class the 6th biggest bust of the modern era – making it the only draft class among the sites top 20 list, just before the 2009 draft, ESPN. Using the WARP metric, the 2000 NBA draft class collectively produced at a rate of 17 and these players were not selected in the 2000 NBA draft but have played at least one game in the NBA. Archived from the original on 2001-02-16, cS1 maint, BOT, original-url status unknown 2000 NBA Draft at Basketball-reference. com
Joshua Jay Howard is an American former professional basketball player who is currently the head coach of Piedmont International University. He played college basketball for Wake Forest, Howard attended Glenn High School in Kernersville, North Carolina, where he was a First-Team All-State selection in his senior year and averaged six blocks per game while shooting 70%. He averaged a double-double during his junior and senior years, during his senior year Howard was handcuffed outside of a BP gas station the night before his SAT examination. Howard had been loitering on the premises with some of his friends, in order to get into Wake Forest University Howard needed an SAT score of at least 950. He did not get a 950, saying his score was somewhere in the 500s, in lieu, he spent a year at Hargrave Military Academy in Chatham, where he averaged a double-double, with 19.9 points and 10.1 rebounds per game. Howard led Hargrave to a 27–3 record, shooting well on the floor with 56% and he averaged 44% from behind the three-point line and 85% from the free throw line.
Howard participated in the ACC–SEC game between new signings from the two conferences, Howard scored 14 points in 15 minutes to help lift the ACC team to a 145–115 win over the SEC. Howard chose to sign with Wake Forest in 1999 over many other colleges due to the proximity of the campus to his family and he majored in sociology and minored in international studies. During his first year, Howard played in all games, starting in all. He led the team with 44 steals and ranked fourth on the team with 9.1 points per game and his season high came in a game against Duke during an ACC tournament. Howard scored 19 points, going 7-for-10 from the field and 2-for-2 from behind the three-point line, during his sophomore season Howard was selected to second-team All-ACC. He missed a few games because of the flu, playing in 29 games and he led the team in scoring that year with 13.6 points per game. Howard earned third-team All-ACC and second team NABC All-District while trailing Darius Songaila in team scoring with 13.9 points per game during his junior season, deciding not to forgo his senior year at Wake Forest, Howard became the first member of his family to graduate from college.
He was the selection as the Atlantic Coast Conference player of the year in 2003. He is the second ACC player to amass 1000 points,500 rebounds,200 assists,200 steals,100 blocks, Howard was named the national player of the year by FOX, College Insider and Basketball Digest. He was a finalist for the John R. Wooden Award, coming into the league, Howard was projected as a mid to late 1st round pick in the 2003 NBA Draft because of his apparent lack of upside. Howard was selected in the 2003 NBA draft by the Dallas Mavericks with the pick of the first round. He played in 67 games during his year, averaging 8.6 points and 5.5 rebounds per game earning him NBA All-Rookie 2nd team honors
Nick Young (basketball)
Nicholas Aaron Nick Young is an American professional basketball player for the Los Angeles Lakers of the National Basketball Association. He plays both shooting guard and small forward positions, Young played college basketball for the USC Trojans and was a two-time first-team all-conference selection in the Pac-10. Born in Los Angeles, Young played for Cleveland High School in suburban Reseda and he averaged 27.2 points and 10.8 rebounds as a 2004 senior at Cleveland, earning 2004 CIF L. A. City Section, Los Angeles Times All-City and San Fernando Valley first team honors and he shot 57. 3% from the field and 46. 8% from three-point range, had 48 steals and 41 blocks as Cleveland finished 25–4. Young was tabbed the seventh-best player in the country by HoopScoop and he once scored 56 points in one game and had 23 rebounds in another. City Section first team honors in 2003 and was included in a list of Top Seniors by Athlon heading into 2004, Young played for the University of Southern California from 2004 to 2007 and was All-Pac-10 First Team in the 2005–06 and 2006–07 seasons.
In the 2007 NCAA Tournament, Young led the fifth-seeded Trojans to a berth in the Sweet Sixteen, along the way, Young led USC to a 77–60 first-round win against Arkansas. Young was selected 16th overall by the Washington Wizards in the 2007 NBA draft and he started his first career NBA game on December 15,2007, against the Sacramento Kings. On January 9,2010, Young was fined $10,000 by the Washington Wizards for participating in Gilbert Arenass antics before a game on January 5,2010 against the Philadelphia 76ers. Arenas was being investigated for an incident involving guns in the Wizards locker room. His teammates were photographed smiling and laughing with him, Young scored a career-high 43 points on January 11,2011 against the Sacramento Kings. On March 15,2012, Young was traded to the Los Angeles Clippers in a trade involving the Denver Nuggets. Later, on April 16,2012, he helped the Clippers clinch their first playoff berth in 6 years with a 19-point performance against the Oklahoma City Thunder.
He was a key part of the Clippers comeback victory against the Memphis Grizzlies in game one of the first round of the 2012 playoffs, on July 12,2012, Young signed with the Philadelphia 76ers to a one-year deal. On July 11,2013, Young signed with the Los Angeles Lakers, during the 2013–14 season, he converted a Lakers record seven four-point plays while averaging a career-high 17.9 points per game. On July 21,2014, Young re-signed with Lakers to a reported four-year, during training camp, he suffered a complete tear of the radial collateral ligament in his right thumb, and was expected to miss six to eight weeks. After missing the first ten games of the season with the injury, Young made his debut on November 18 against the Atlanta Hawks. On December 12, he scored a season-high 29 points in a 112–110 win over the San Antonio Spurs, on November 30,2016, Young was ruled out for two to four weeks due to a strained right calf muscle
James Caron Butler is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Sacramento Kings of the National Basketball Association. Butler was born and raised in Racine, where he suffered through a childhood, he was a drug dealer at age 11. Butler discovered his love for basketball while at the detention center, Butler played in Amateur Athletic Union basketball in 1998 and 1999. At Connecticut, Butler lost 15 pounds off his frame and developed his perimeter game. As a freshman, Butler led the Huskies, only two removed from a National Championship, in both scoring and rebounding with 15.6 points per game and 7.6 rebounds per game respectively. The summer after his season he started for the US team that took home gold in the 2001 FIBA World Championship for Young Men. Butler followed his spectacular rookie campaign with an even better sophomore season, Butler averaged 20.3 points per game and 7.5 rebounds per game as a sophomore leading the Huskies to both regular season and tournament Big East titles.
He was named co-Big East player of the year and a second-team All-American, Butler led the Huskies to the Elite 8 of the NCAA basketball tournament. Despite 32 points from Butler, the Huskies lost a game to the eventual national champion Maryland Terrapins. After the season Butler declared for the NBA draft, Butler was a lottery pick in the 2002 NBA draft, selected with the 10th overall pick by the rebuilding Miami Heat. By seasons end, Butler would be named to the first team on the NBA All-Rookie Team, Miami would again enter the draft lottery, and this time drafted Dwyane Wade before acquiring Lamar Odom from the Los Angeles Clippers. In the 2003–2004 season, Butler struggled with injuries that hampered him throughout the season and his scoring average fell to 9.2 points game for the season, but Miamis balanced offense led by Wade and Eddie Jones propelled Miami into the playoffs. In the first round, the Heat faced the New Orleans Hornets, in game 7, Miami closed out the series with Butler scoring 23 points with 9 rebounds.
Butler scored 21 points with 10 rebounds in the fourth game, following the season, Miami decided to shake up the roster and traded Butler and Brian Grant to the Los Angeles Lakers for superstar center Shaquille ONeal. The Lakers had been a title contender but were now in rebuilding mode, Butler started in all of his 77 games in the 2004–2005 season, averaging 15.5 points a game with a career high field goal percentage of.445 percent. The Lakers struggled with injuries and a coaching change however. Once again, the offseason meant Butler would be shipped again, as the Lakers traded him and Chucky Atkins to the Washington Wizards for Kwame Brown, upon arriving in Washington, Butler signed a 5-year, $46 million deal with the team. He became part of Washingtons new Big 3, a made up of teammates Gilbert Arenas
New Orleans Pelicans
The New Orleans Pelicans are an American professional basketball team based in New Orleans. The Pelicans compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Western Conference Southwest Division. The team plays their games in the Smoothie King Center. The Pelicans were established as the New Orleans Hornets in the 2002–03 season when then-owner of the Charlotte Hornets, George Shinn, relocated the franchise to New Orleans. Due to the damage caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005, the franchise relocated to Oklahoma City. The team returned to New Orleans full-time for the 2007–08 season, on January 24,2013, the franchise announced it would rename itself the Pelicans, effective after the conclusion of the 2012–13 season. Their achievements include one playoff victory and one division title. While the Charlotte Hornets put a team on the court throughout the 1990s. Many attributed this lapse in popularity to the owner, George Shinn. In 1997, a Charlotte woman claimed that Shinn had raped her, the consensus was that while Charlotte was as basketball-crazy as ever, fans took out their anger at Shinn on the team.
On March 26,2001, both the Hornets and the Vancouver Grizzlies applied for relocation to Memphis, which was won by the Grizzlies. Shinn issued an ultimatum, unless the city built a new arena at no cost to him, the city initially refused, leading Shinn to consider moving the team to either Norfolk, Louisville, or St. Louis. Polls showed the referendum on its way to passage, just days before the referendum, Mayor Pat McCrory vetoed a living wage ordinance. The veto prompted many of the citys black ministers to oppose the referendum, while even the NBA acknowledged that Shinn had alienated fans, league officials felt such a demand would anger other owners. Before the Hornets were eliminated from the playoffs, the NBA approved the move, as part of a deal, the NBA promised that Charlotte would get a new team, which took the court two years as the Charlotte Bobcats. He said if he had it to do all over again. Shinn emphasized how he was making amends by committing to New Orleans saying, im not going to make one here.
Were going to make this thing work, the Hornets opened their inaugural season in New Orleans on October 30,2002, against New Orleans original NBA franchise, the now-Utah Jazz
Portland Trail Blazers
The Portland Trail Blazers, commonly known as the Blazers, are an American professional basketball team based in Portland, Oregon. The Trail Blazers compete in the National Basketball Association as a club of the leagues Western Conference Northwest Division. The team played its games in the Memorial Coliseum before moving to Moda Center in 1995. The team has advanced to the NBA Finals three times, winning the NBA championship once in 1977 and their other NBA Finals appearances were in 1990 and 1992. The team has qualified for the playoffs in 31 seasons of their 45-season existence, including a streak of 21 straight appearances from 1983 through 2003, the second longest streak in NBA history. The Trail Blazers 31 playoff appearances rank third in the NBA only behind the Los Angeles Lakers, six Hall of Fame players have played for the Trail Blazers. Bill Walton is the franchises most decorated player, he was the NBA Finals Most Valuable Player in 1977, four Blazer rookies have won the NBA Rookie of the Year award.
Sports promoter Harry Glickman sought a National Basketball Association franchise for Portland as far back as 1955 when he proposed two new teams, the other to be located in Los Angeles. To raise the money for the $3.7 million admission tax, Glickman associated himself to real estate magnates Robert Schmertz of New Jersey, Larry Weinberg of Los Angeles and Herman Sarkowsky of Seattle. Two weeks later, on February 24, team management held a contest to select the teams name, the most popular choice was Pioneers, but that name was excluded from consideration as it was already used by sports teams at Portlands Lewis & Clark College. The name Trail Blazers received 172 entries, and was selected by the judging panel. Despite initial mixed response, the Trail Blazers name, often shortened to just Blazers, along with the Cleveland Cavaliers and Buffalo Braves, the Trail Blazers entered the NBA in 1970 as an expansion team, under coach Rolland Todd. Geoff Petrie and Sidney Wicks led the team in its years.
During that span, the team had three coaches, team executive Stu Inman served as coach. The team won the first pick in the NBA draft twice during that span, in 1972, the team drafted LaRue Martin with the number one pick, and in 1974 the team selected Bill Walton from UCLA. In 1976, the ABA–NBA merger saw those two rival leagues join forces, four ABA teams joined the NBA, the remaining teams were dissolved and their players distributed among the remaining NBA squads in a dispersal draft. The Trail Blazers selected Maurice Lucas in the dispersal draft and that summer, they hired Jack Ramsay as head coach. The two moves, coupled with the stellar play, led Portland to several firsts, winning record, playoff appearance
Orlando is a city in the U. S. state of Florida and the county seat of Orange County. Located in Central Florida, it is the center of the Orlando metropolitan area, which had a population of 4,000,002, according to U. S. As of 2015, Orlando had an estimated population of 270,934, making it the 73rd-largest city in the United States, the fourth-largest city in Florida. The City of Orlando is nicknamed The City Beautiful, and its symbol is the fountain at Lake Eola, Orlando is known as The Theme Park Capital of the World and in 2014 its tourist attractions and events drew more than 62 million visitors. The Orlando International Airport is the thirteenth-busiest airport in the United States, with the exception of Walt Disney World, most major attractions are located along International Drive. The city is one of the busiest American cities for conferences and conventions. Orlando is home to the University of Central Florida, which is the largest university campus in the United States in terms of enrollment as of 2015, in 2010, Orlando was listed as a Gamma− level of world-city in the World Cities Study Groups inventory.
Orlando ranks as the fourth-most popular American city based on where people want to live according to a 2009 Pew Research Center study. Fort Gatlin, as the Orlando area was known, was established at what is now just south of the city limits by the 4th U. S. Artillery under the command of Ltc, alexander C. W. Fanning on November 9,1838 during the construction of a series of fortified encampments across Florida during the Second Seminole War. The fort and surrounding area were named for Dr. John S. Gatlin, king Phillip and Coacoochee frequented this area and the tree was alleged to be the place where the previous 1835 ambush that had killed over 100 soldiers had been planned. When the U. S. military abandoned the fort in 1839 the surrounding community was built up by settlers, prior to being known by its current name, Orlando was once known as Jernigan. Aarron Jernigan became Orange Countys first State Representative in 1845 but his pleas for military protection went unanswered. Fort Gatlin was briefly reoccupied by the military for a few weeks during October and November 1849, a historical marker indicates that by 1850 the Jernigan homestead served as the nucleus of a village named Jernigan.
One of the countys first records, a grand jurys report, mentions a stockade where it states homesteaders were driven from their homes, Aaron Jernigan led a local volunteer militia during 1852. Jernigan appears on an 1855 map of Florida and by 1856 the area had become the county seat of Orange County and it is known for certain that the area was renamed Orlando in 1857. The move is believed to be sparked, in part, by Aaron Jernigans fall from grace after he was relieved of his command by military officials in 1856. His behavior was so notorious that Secretary of War Jefferson Davis wrote, in 1859, Jernigan and his sons were accused of committing a murder at the towns post office
Andrew Melvin Drew Gooden III is an American professional basketball player who last played for the Washington Wizards of the National Basketball Association. The 610,250 lb power forward played college basketball for the University of Kansas, as a senior at El Cerrito High School, Gooden led his Gauchos to the 1999 California Interscholastic Federation Boys Division III championship game. Washington Union High School won the game over El Cerrito HS by a score of 77–71. Gooden joined fellow freshmen Nick Collison and Kirk Hinrich for the 1999–2000 season, although at times, Gooden was frustrated with the way things were going his freshman year, he finally adjusted to coach Roy Williams system. In his freshman year, KU went 24–10 and lost to Duke in the Round of 32 during the 2000 NCAA Basketball Tournament, the next season, the Jayhawks went 26–7 and fell to Illinois in the 2001 NCAA Tournament Sweet Sixteen. In 2002, he led the nation in rebounding and was named NABC national player of the year, the Jayhawks went 33–4, including 16–0 in Big 12 Conference play to win Kansas its first conference championship since 1998.
The Jayhawks advanced to their first Final Four in the 2002 NCAA Tournament since 1993, for being named NABC Player of the Year for 2002, Goodens jersey was retired in 2003. The ceremony occurred at halftime of a Kansas home game with Kansas State in what would have been Goodens senior year had he not foregone his senior year for the NBA, Gooden declared himself for the draft after his junior year. Out of Kansas, Gooden was selected as the 4th overall pick by the Memphis Grizzlies in the 2002 NBA draft, in March 2003, Gooden and Gordan Giricek were traded to the Orlando Magic for Mike Miller, Ryan Humphrey, and two draft picks. On July 23,2004, the Cleveland Cavaliers acquired Gooden, Anderson Varejão, Gooden re-signed with the Cavaliers for three more years on August 14,2006. He agreed to a three-year, $23 million contract, in the 2006–07 NBA season, he averaged 11.1 points per game and 8.5 rebounds per game. On February 21,2008, at the 2007–08 seasons trade deadline, Gooden was traded by the Cavs to the Chicago Bulls as a part of a three-team, 11-player deal involving the Seattle SuperSonics.
On February 18,2009, at the 2008–09 seasons trade deadline, Gooden was traded to the Sacramento Kings in a deal that included Andrés Nocioni. On March 1, Gooden was bought out of his contract making him an agent after playing just one game for the Kings. On March 5,2009, Gooden signed with the San Antonio Spurs for the remainder of the season, on July 25,2009, Gooden posted a message on his Twitter page that said Dallas Here I Come. Dallas Mavericks owner, Mark Cuban, reposted Goodens tweet, adding Welcome Drew, on July 30, Gooden officially signed with the Mavericks. On February 13,2010, Gooden was traded to the Washington Wizards along with Josh Howard, James Singleton and Quinton Ross for Caron Butler, Brendan Haywood, Gooden changed his number from #90 to #0 during his tenure with the Clippers. On July 1,2010, Gooden agreed to a 5 year/$32 million contract with the Milwaukee Bucks, on April 9,2011, he recorded his first career triple double in a win over the Cavaliers with 15 points,13 rebounds, and 13 assists
University of Kansas
The University of Kansas, often referred to as KU or Kansas, is a public research university in the U. S. state of Kansas. The main campus in Lawrence, one of the largest college towns in Kansas, is on Mount Oread, two branch campuses are in the Kansas City metropolitan area, the Edwards Campus in Overland Park, and the universitys medical school and hospital in Kansas City. There are educational and research sites in Parsons, Garden City and Leavenworth, the university is one of the 62 members of the Association of American Universities. The university overall employed 2,814 faculty members in fall 2015, on February 20,1863, Kansas Governor Thomas Carney signed into law a bill creating the state university in Lawrence. The law was conditioned upon a gift from Lawrence of a $15,000 endowment fund, if Lawrence failed to meet these conditions, Emporia instead of Lawrence would get the university. The site selected for the university was a known as Mount Oread. Robinson and his wife Sara bestowed the 40-acre site to the State of Kansas in exchange for land elsewhere, the philanthropist Amos Adams Lawrence donated $10,000 of the necessary endowment fund, and the citizens of Lawrence raised the remaining cash by issuing notes backed by Governor Carney.
On November 2,1863, Governor Carney announced that Lawrence had met the conditions to get the university. The schools Board of Regents held its first meeting in March 1865, work on the first college building began that year. The university opened for classes on September 12,1866, during World War II, Kansas was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. KU is home to the Robert J. Dole Institute of Politics, the Beach Center on Disability, Lied Center of Kansas and radio stations KJHK,90.7 FM, and KANU,91.5 FM. The university is host to several including the University of Kansas Natural History Museum. The University of Kansas is a large, state-sponsored university, with five campuses, the university offers more than 345 degree programs. In its 2017 list, U. S. News & World Report ranked KU as tied for 118th place among National Universities and 56th place among public universities.
The city management and urban policy program was ranked first in the nation, uSN&WR ranked several programs in the top 25 among U. S. universities. The Bachelor of Architecture degree was added in 1920, in 1969, the School of Architecture and Urban Design was formed with three programs, architectural engineering, and urban planning. In 2001 architectural engineering merged with civil and environmental engineering, the design programs from the discontinued School of Fine Arts were merged into the school in 2009 forming the current School of Architecture and Planning. S in 2012. The University of Kansas School of Business is a business school on the main campus of the University of Kansas in Lawrence