Arcadia is a city and county seat of DeSoto County, United States. The population was 7,637 as of the 2010 census, with an estimated population of 7,722 in 2014. Arcadia's Historic District is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. According to The Atlas of Florida, "The Rev. James Madison Hendry named the town in honor of Arcadia Albritton, a daughter of Thomas H. and Fannie Albritton, pioneer settlers. Arcadia had baked him a cake for his birthday and he appreciated it so much that he named the city after her."In 1886, transportation improved in Arcadia when the Florida Southern Railway was built through Arcadia on its way from Bartow to Punta Gorda. The railway caused Arcadia to grow which led to Arcadia becoming incorporated a year later. A second railroad line, the Charlotte Harbor and Northern Railway, was built through Arcadia from 1907 to 1910 on its way from Mulberry to Boca Grande. Both lines have since been consolidated into a single line by CSX with the Seaboard line surviving north of Arcadia and the Atlantic Coast Line surviving to the south.
Arcadia was served by the short-lived East and West Coast Railway which connected Arcadia with Bradenton from 1915 to 1934. During the late 19th century Arcadia was the county seat of. In 1921 legislation enacted called for Arcadia to remain the county seat of DeSoto County and resulted in the creation of the present-day counties of Charlotte, Hardee and Highlands. Prior to this breakup Arcadia's population had grown with over 1,000 permanent residents and 3,000 square miles for ranching. On Thanksgiving Day in 1905 the town was destroyed by a large-scale fire that originated from a mid-town livery stable; the fire was exacerbated because the town did not have a working water fire department. The estimated monetary damage was $250,000. Much of the business district was not spared, it would be years. Oak Street is the "main street" in Arcadia; the downtown is far more elaborate than neighboring counties' downtown areas, as Arcadia is older and was their county seat prior to the formation of their present counties.
Arcadia is home to many early 20th century homes, houses of worship and several historic public buildings. From 1917 to 1922, Arcadia was the home of Carlstrom Field, a grass airfield of the U. S. Army Air Service named for deceased aviation pioneer Victor Carlstrom. Carlstrom Field was used for pilot training both during and after World War I. In May 1941 the site again became an airfield for military primary flight training, operated by the Embry–Riddle Aeronautical Institute. Carlstrom Field, one of several satellite fields in the Fort Myers area trained pilots for the Royal Air Force until its closing in 1945. Arcadia's historic buildings include the Johnson-Smith House, William Oswell Ralls House and Micajah T. Singleton House. 3,400 acres which includes the downtown area are part of the Arcadia Historic District. The city was devastated by Hurricane Charley on August 13, 2004. Arcadia was featured in an episode of the Travel Channel show Cash & Treasures Treasure Hunter: Kirsten Gum which aired in 2006.
The episode included locals helping Kirsten dig for fossil shark teeth in the Peace River. On October 27, 2009, President Barack Obama visited Arcadia, becoming the first sitting president to do so. In the history of how some people in America dealt with the emerging AIDS epidemic in the 1980s, it is hard to find a more egregious example of fear and ignorance than what happened to the Ray Family in Arcadia Florida 25 years ago. Three boys- Ricky and Randy- all born with hemophilia and diagnosed with HIV as children in 1986, were not allowed to attend school following their positive test results. After a court ruled the following year that they had every legal right to attend, their family's home was burned to the ground a week after the decision; the family chose not to stay in Arcadia, moved to Sarasota. Ricky Ray died in 1992 at the age of 15, he was hoping to marry his girlfriend. In 2000, the middle brother of the trio, passed shortly before the Ricky Ray Relief Fund Act was enacted; the Ricky Ray Hemophilia Relief Fund Act of 1998 established the Ricky Ray Hemophilia Relief Fund Program to provide compassionate payments to certain individuals with blood-clotting disorders, such as hemophilia, who were treated with antihemophilic factor between July 1, 1982, December 31, 1987 and contracted HIV.
The Act provides for payments to certain persons who contracted HIV from the foregoing individuals. The spouse or former spouse of such an individual, who acquired HIV from that individual is eligible for payment, as are children who acquired HIV through perinatal transmission from an eligible parent. In addition to these individuals, certain survivors are eligible. Congress appropriated $75 million to support the Ricky Ray Hemophilia Relief Fund Program during Fiscal Year 2000." - source, The Federal Register Arcadia is located northwest of the center of DeSoto County at 27°13'N 81°52'W. The Peace River flows past the west side of the city on its way southwest to tidewater at Punta Gorda. U. S. Route 17 passes through the center of Arcadia, leading north 50 miles to Bartow and southwest 26 miles to its terminus at Punta Gorda. Florida State Road 70 crosses US 17 in the center of Arcadia and leads east 64 miles to Okeechobee and west-northwest 48 miles to South Bradenton. Via SR 72, which split
1930 United States Census
The Fifteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau one month from April 1, 1930, determined the resident population of the United States to be 122,775,046, an increase of 13.7 percent over the 106,021,537 persons enumerated during the 1920 Census. The 1930 Census collected the following information: address name relationship to head of family home owned or rented if owned, value of home if rented, monthly rent whether owned a radio set whether on a farm sex race age marital status and, if married, age at first marriage school attendance literacy birthplace of person, their parents if foreign born: language spoken at home before coming to the U. S. year of immigration whether naturalized ability to speak English occupation and class of worker whether at work previous day veteran status if Indian: whether of full or mixed blood tribal affiliationFull documentation for the 1930 census, including census forms and enumerator instructions, is available from the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series.
The original census enumeration sheets were microfilmed by the Census Bureau in 1949. The microfilmed census is located on 2,667 rolls of microfilm, available from the National Archives and Records Administration. Several organizations host images of the microfilmed census online, digital indices. Microdata from the 1930 census are available through the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series. Aggregate data for small areas, together with electronic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. 1930 Census Questions Hosted at CensusFinder.com 1931 U. S Census Report Contains 1930 Census results Historic US Census data 1930Census.com: 1930 United States Census for Genealogy & Family History Research 1930 Interactive US Census Find stories and more attached to names on the 1930 US census
Glades County, Florida
Glades County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,884, making it the fourth-least populous county in Florida, its county seat is Moore Haven. Gov. Jeb Bush acknowledged Muse winning the Florida's Outstanding Rural Community of the Year 2002 award after "providing a safe community shelter to be used during storms." Senior Ranger Danny Callahan, of the Florida Forest Service presented Jimmy Cianfrani and the Muse Community with a "10 Year Firewise Service Award" for "its diligence and commitment to the National Firewise Communities USA program. From the smallest project of cleaning the debris off their roofs to the largest undertaking of clearing flammable vegetation 30 feet away from their houses, the Muse Community’s dedication to reducing wildfire risk is commendable." Indigenous people lived in this area for thousands of years. Due to warfare and exposure to infectious diseases after European contact, native tribes became depopulated.
In the eighteenth century, when the area was under Spanish rule, Native American peoples of Creek and other tribes migrated into present-day Florida from Georgia. Africans and African Americans who escaped from slavery and shipwrecks migrated to the area, where they created maroon communities; some were given freedom by the Spanish in exchange for serving with their militias. The Seminole nation formed out of these multi-ethnic people; some African-descended people set up communities near the Seminole and became known as Black Seminole. In the nineteenth century, most of the Seminole and many blacks were removed to Indian Territory after the Seminole Wars, a result of pressure from increasing Anglo-American settlement. Glades County was created, from Desoto County, it was named for the Florida Everglades, though most of the county is pinelands. It is one of five counties surrounding the Lake Okeechobee Scenic Trail. Glades County sponsors one of Florida's oldest recurring festivals. Chalo Nitka Festival is a celebration of local culture, similar to a county fair.
The festival draws attention to the long and friendly relationship between the local Seminole groups and Glades County settlers. Brighton Seminole Indian Reservation is located in the county. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 987 square miles, of which 806 square miles is land and 181 square miles is water. Fisheating Creek is a stream, it is the only remaining free-flowing water course feeding into the lake, the second-largest natural source for the lake. As of the census of 2000, there were 10,576 people, 3,852 households, 2,765 families residing in the county; the population density was 14 people per square mile. There were 5,790 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 76.99% White, 10.53% Black or African American, 4.93% Native American, 0.33% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 5.63% from other races, 1.58% from two or more races. 15.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. In 2005 the population was 67.0% non-Hispanic white, 17.6% Latino, 10.5% African-American and 4.9% Native American.
There were 3,852 households out of which 25.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.30% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.20% were non-families. 22.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.91. In the county, the population was spread out with 22.10% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 24.50% from 45 to 64, 18.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 121.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 125.40 males. The median income for a household in the county was $30,774, the median income for a family was $34,223. Males had a median income of $29,196 versus $20,987 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,338. About 10.70% of families and 15.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.20% of those under age 18 and 11.20% of those age 65 or over.
Moore Haven Elementary School Moore Haven Middle-High School West Glades School, Muse Pemayetv Emahakv Charter School, Brighton Seminole Reservation Florida Public Service Commission voted unanimously to deny a request by Florida Power and Light to build a huge coal-fired power plant in Glades County, to be located several miles to the west of Lake Okeechobee. The Glades County Commission allowed the construction in 2007 of a 200-acre landfill on the southwest shore of Lake Okeechobee. Glades County is part of the Heartland Library Cooperative which has 7 branches that serve Glades county and some of the surrounding counties, including DeSoto, Highlands and Okeechobee. Avon Park DeSoto Glades Hardee Lake Placid Okeechobee Sebring Brighton Seminole Indian Reservation Moore Haven Buckhead Ridge Lakeport Muse Palmdale The Community Center features a veteran memorial to Jim J. Greer at the base of the flagpole. Memorial reads as follows: In Memory of, SMSGT Jim J. Greer, USAF RET. Glades County Tax Collector, January 1994 to October 2000, For His Outstanding Service, To Muse and Glades County, The Muse Community Association, April 18, 2002.
Charles "Trip" Tucker III, played by Connor Trinneer, is a fictional character in the television series Star Trek: Enterprise. According to Star Trek lore, "Trip" had a sist
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census
Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, defined by the federal Office of Management and Budget and the United States Census Bureau, are self-identification data items in which residents choose the race or races with which they most identify, indicate whether or not they are of Hispanic or Latino origin. The racial categories represent a social-political construct for the race or races that respondents consider themselves to be and, "generally reflect a social definition of race recognized in this country." OMB defines the concept of race as outlined for the US Census as not "scientific or anthropological" and takes into account "social and cultural characteristics as well as ancestry", using "appropriate scientific methodologies" that are not "primarily biological or genetic in reference." The race categories include both national-origin groups. Race and ethnicity are considered separate and distinct identities, with Hispanic or Latino origin asked as a separate question. Thus, in addition to their race or races, all respondents are categorized by membership in one of two ethnic categories, which are "Hispanic or Latino" and "Not Hispanic or Latino".
However, the practice of separating "race" and "ethnicity" as different categories has been criticized both by the American Anthropological Association and members of US Commission on Civil Rights. In 1997, OMB issued a Federal Register notice regarding revisions to the standards for the classification of federal data on race and ethnicity. OMB developed race and ethnic standards in order to provide "consistent data on race and ethnicity throughout the Federal Government; the development of the data standards stem in large measure from new responsibilities to enforce civil rights laws." Among the changes, OMB issued the instruction to "mark one or more races" after noting evidence of increasing numbers of interracial children and wanting to capture the diversity in a measurable way and having received requests by people who wanted to be able to acknowledge their or their children's full ancestry rather than identifying with only one group. Prior to this decision, the Census and other government data collections asked people to report only one race.
The OMB states, "many federal programs are put into effect based on the race data obtained from the decennial census. Race data are critical for the basic research behind many policy decisions. States require these data to meet legislative redistricting requirements; the data are needed to monitor compliance with the Voting Rights Act by local jurisdictions". "Data on ethnic groups are important for putting into effect a number of federal statutes. Data on Ethnic Groups are needed by local governments to run programs and meet legislative requirements." The 1790 United States Census was the first census in the history of the United States. The population of the United States was recorded as 3,929,214 as of Census Day, August 2, 1790, as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the United States Constitution and applicable laws."The law required that every household be visited, that completed census schedules be posted in'two of the most public places within, there to remain for the inspection of all concerned...' and that'the aggregate amount of each description of persons' for every district be transmitted to the president."
This law along with U. S. marshals were responsible for governing the census. One third of the original census data has been lost or destroyed since documentation; the data was lost in 1790–1830 time period and included data from: Connecticut, Maryland, New Hampshire, New York, North Carolina, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Delaware, New Jersey, Virginia. Census data included the name of the head of the family and categorized inhabitants as follows: free white males at least 16 years of age, free white males under 16 years of age, free white females, all other free persons, slaves. Thomas Jefferson the Secretary of State, directed marshals to collect data from all thirteen states, from the Southwest Territory; the census was not conducted in Vermont until 1791, after that state's admission to the Union as the 14th state on March 4 of that year. There was some doubt surrounding the numbers, President George Washington and Thomas Jefferson maintained the population was undercounted; the potential reasons Washington and Jefferson may have thought this could be refusal to participate, poor public transportation and roads, spread out population, restraints of current technology.
No microdata from the 1790 population census is available, but aggregate data for small areas and their compatible cartographic boundary files, can be downloaded from the National Historical Geographic Information System. In 1800 and 1810, the age question regarding free white males was more detailed; the 1820
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Hardee County, Florida
Hardee County is a county located in the U. S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,731, its county seat is Wauchula. Hardee County comprises FL Micropolitan Statistical Area, it was named for Cary A. Hardee, Governor of Florida from 1921 to 1925. Hardee County was created in 1921. On August 13, 2004, Hurricane Charley went directly through Hardee County. Maximum sustained winds in downtown Wauchula were clocked at 149 mph with higher gusts. Most buildings in the county sustained damage, many were destroyed. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 638 square miles, of which 638 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water. Hardee County is located in what is known as the "Bone Valley" which contains most of North America's phosphate deposits and a large portion of the world's deposits. Phosphate is mined in large open pit mines with massive settling ponds that contain many harmful byproducts of the mining process and its disposal and use are restricted thus leaving the settling ponds in place indefinitely and rendering the land unfit for agriculture The Mosaic company owns all mining land in Hardee County with around 10,000 acres near Fort Green and is proposing an expansion of around 27,000 acres in a new mine near Ona, FL.
There is much controversy over the mining practice, the rezoning and conversion of agricultural land into open pit mines. Land is "reclaimed" after mining but leaves areas of artificially created lakes and wetlands in addition to the poisonous and radioactive settling ponds; the proposed Ona mine would surround Horse Creek, a tributary to the Peace River, thus threatening the pristine and untouched natural waterway as well as the Peace River watershed. Polk County, Florida - north Highlands County, Florida - east DeSoto County, Florida - south Manatee County, Florida - west Hillsborough County, Florida - northwest As of the census of 2000, there were 26,938 people, 8,166 households, 6,255 families residing in the county; the population density was 42 people per square mile. There were 9,820 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 8.33% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 17.99% from other races, 1.97% from two or more races.
35.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. According to 2005 Census Estimates the county's population was 50.6% non-Hispanic white, 39.8% Latino, 9.0% African-American and 1.3% Native American. (source=https://www.webcitation.org/606449Yjg?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/12049.html In 2000 there were 8,166 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.40% were non-families. 18.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.40. In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 19.20% from 45 to 64, 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $30,183, the median income for a family was $32,487. Males had a median income of $23,793 versus $18,823 for females; the per capita income for the county was $12,445. About 17.00% of families and 24.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over. Hardee County is part of the Heartland Library Cooperative which has 7 branches that serve Hardee County and some of the surrounding counties in the Florida Heartland, including Glades, Highlands, DeSoto, Okeechobee. Avon Park DeSoto Glades Hardee Lake Placid Okeechobee SebringThe mission of the Hardee County Public Library is to provide quality materials and services to fulfill educational, informational and recreational needs of the county residents; the library works to maintain a spacious and inviting environment to accommodate multiple activities and services to the patrons. County patrons are about to search through the provided Historical Resources to find county historical information.
Obituaries requests are available for all five countries in the Heartland region with no charge. American genealogical sources are accessible through the HeritageQuest Online database where family history can be found. Museums and Historical Societies are on the library's website such as Depot Museum, the Cracker Trail Museum Pioneer Park, DeSoto County, Florida Historical Society, the Sebring Historical Society; the library provide E-Books and other online resources on their website. These resources are available for us on Apple, Kindle and Windows devices. Additionally, Ask a Librarian, the on-line Florida librarian reference service is available through the Heartland Library Cooperative Library. Here the patrons can chat and email with a librarian; the library offers language and learning programs like basic ESL to improve listening, speaking and writing skills. Other online continuing education classes are easy to access through the library's website. Another program that the library offers is the Little Free Library where patrons can take and leave a book at designated location throughout the county that are free to use.
<http://myhlc.org> Hours of Operation: Monday 10:00am-6:30pm Tuesday 9:00am-5:30pm Wednesday 9:00am-5:0
Peace River (Florida)
The Peace River is a river in the southwestern part of the Florida peninsula, in the U. S. A.. It originates at the juncture of Saddle Creek and Peace Creek northeast of Bartow in Polk County and flows south through Fort Meade Hardee County to Arcadia in DeSoto County and southwest into the Charlotte Harbor estuary at Port Charlotte in Charlotte County, it has a drainage basin of 1,367 square miles. U. S. Highway 17 runs near and somewhat parallel to the river for much of its course; the river was called Rio de la Paz on 16th century Spanish charts. It appeared as Peas Creek or Pease Creek on maps; the Creek Indians call it River of Long Peas. Other cities along the Peace River include Fort Meade and Zolfo Springs. Fresh water from the Peace River is vital to maintain the delicate salinity of Charlotte Harbor that hosts several endangered species, as well as commercial and recreational harvests of shrimp and fish; the river has always been a vital resource to the people in its watershed. The abundant fishery and wildlife of Charlotte Harbor supported large populations of people of the Caloosahatchee culture.
Today, the Peace River supplies over six million gallons per day of drinking water to the people in the region. The river is popular for canoeing. There were many Pleistocene and Miocene fossils found throughout the Peace River area leading to the discovery of phosphate deposits. Most of the northern watershed of the Peace River comprises an area known as the Bone Valley; the Peace River is a popular destination for fossil hunters who dig and sift the river gravel for fossilized shark teeth and prehistoric mammal bones. Several campgrounds and canoe rental operations cater to fossil hunters, with Wauchula, Zolfo Springs, Arcadia being the main points of entry. Kissingen Springs South Atlantic-Gulf Water Resource Region O'Donnell, Brian. "Peace River," in Marth and Marty Marth, eds. The Rivers of Florida. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. ISBN 0-910923-70-1. USGS Real-Time Water Data for Peace River at Zolfo Springs USGS Real-Time Water Data for Peace River at Arcadia Media related to Peace River at Wikimedia Commons