The Dead Sea Scrolls are ancient Jewish religious manuscripts found in the Qumran Caves in the Judaean Desert, near Ein Feshkha on the northern shore of the Dead Sea. Scholarly consensus dates these scrolls from the last three centuries BCE and the first century CE; the texts have great historical and linguistic significance because they include the second-oldest known surviving manuscripts of works included in the Hebrew Bible canon, along with deuterocanonical and extra-biblical manuscripts which preserve evidence of the diversity of religious thought in late Second Temple Judaism. All of the Dead Sea Scrolls are in the collection of the Government of the State of Israel, with ownership disputed with Jordan and the Palestinian Authority, they are housed in the Shrine of the Book on the grounds of the Israel Museum. Many thousands of written fragments have been discovered in the Dead Sea area, they represent the remnants of larger manuscripts damaged by natural causes or through human interference, with the vast majority holding only small scraps of text.
However, a small number of well-preserved intact manuscripts have survived – fewer than a dozen among those from the Qumran Caves. Researchers have assembled a collection of 981 different manuscripts – discovered in 1946/47 and in 1956 – from 11 caves; the 11 Qumran Caves lie in the immediate vicinity of the Hellenistic-period Jewish settlement at Khirbet Qumran in the eastern Judaean Desert, in the West Bank. The caves are located about one mile west of the northwest shore of the Dead Sea, whence they derive their name. Scholarly consensus dates the Qumran Caves Scrolls from the last three centuries BCE and the first century CE. Bronze coins found at the same sites form a series beginning with John Hyrcanus and continuing until the period of the First Jewish–Roman War, supporting the radiocarbon and paleographic dating of the scrolls. In the larger sense, the Dead Sea Scrolls include manuscripts from additional Judaean Desert sites, dated as early as the 8th century BCE and as late as the 11th century CE.
Biblical texts older than the Dead Sea Scrolls have been discovered only in two silver scroll-shaped amulets containing portions of the Priestly Blessing from the Book of Numbers, excavated in Jerusalem at Ketef Hinnom and dated c. 600 BCE. The third-oldest surviving known piece of the Torah, the En-Gedi Scroll, consists of a portion of Leviticus found in the Ein Gedi synagogue, burnt in the 6th century CE and analyzed in 2015. Research has dated it palaeographically to the 1st or 2nd century CE, using the C14 method to sometime between the 2nd and 4th centuries CE. Most of the texts use Hebrew, with some written in Aramaic, a few in Greek. Discoveries from the Judaean Desert add Arabic texts. Most of the texts are written on parchment, some on papyrus, one on copper. Archaeologists have long associated the scrolls with the ancient Jewish sect called the Essenes, although some recent interpretations have challenged this connection and argue that priests in Jerusalem, or Zadokites, or other unknown Jewish groups wrote the scrolls.
Owing to the poor condition of some of the scrolls, scholars have not identified all of their texts. The identified texts fall into three general groups: About 40% are copies of texts from the Hebrew Scriptures. Another 30% are texts from the Second Temple Period which were not canonized in the Hebrew Bible, like the Book of Enoch, the Book of Jubilees, the Book of Tobit, the Wisdom of Sirach, Psalms 152–155, etc; the remainder are sectarian manuscripts of unknown documents that shed light on the rules and beliefs of a particular group or groups within greater Judaism, like the Community Rule, the War Scroll, the Pesher on Habakkuk, The Rule of the Blessing. The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in a series of twelve caves around the site known as the "Ein Feshkha Caves" near the Dead Sea in the West Bank between 1946 and 1956 by Bedouin shepherds and a team of archeologists; the practice of storing worn-out sacred manuscripts in earthenware vessels buried in the earth or within caves is related to the ancient Jewish custom of Genizah.
The initial discovery by Bedouin shepherd Muhammed edh-Dhib, his cousin Jum'a Muhammed, Khalil Musa, took place between November 1946 and February 1947. The shepherds discovered seven scrolls housed in jars in a cave near what is now known as the Qumran site. John C. Trever reconstructed the story of the scrolls from several interviews with the Bedouin. Edh-Dhib's cousin noticed the caves, but edh-Dhib himself was the first to fall into one, he retrieved a handful of scrolls, which Trever identifies as the Isaiah Scroll, Habakkuk Commentary, the Community Rule, took them back to the camp to show to his family. None of the scrolls were destroyed in this process; the Bedouin kept the scrolls hanging on a tent pole while they figured out what to do with them, periodically taking them out to show to their people. At some point during this time, the Community Rule was split in two; the Bedouin first took the scrolls to a dealer named Ibrahim'Ijha in Bethlehem.'Ijha returned them, saying they were worthless, after being warned that they might have been stolen from a synagogue.
Undaunted, the Bedouin went to a nearby market. A sheikh joined their conversation and suggested they take the scrolls to Khalil Eskander Shahin, "Kando", a cobbler and pa
The Winter Music Conference is a week-long electronic music conference, held every March in Miami Beach, United States since 1985. It is known as the premiere platform for electronic dance music; the conference brings together professionals such as artists, DJs, record label representatives, promoters and the media for seminars and panel discussions. Thousands of attendees attend the WMC each year from around the world; the Winter Music Conference was founded in 1985 by Bill Kelly. Held annually in Miami Beach, Florida; the Winter Music Conference, has hosted up to an estimated 100,000 people. The first Winter Music Conference took place at the Fort Lauderdale Marriott during 19–21 February 1986. There were 80 dance music industry insiders in attendance. Since its inception in 1986, the event festivities have moved down south, across Miami Beach and Downtown Miami; the event commands a major international draw with around 38 percent of attendees coming from outside the United States. The conference serves as a platform for many underground and indie artists from over 70 different countries who spend the conference at events and panels.
The WMC & The Recording Academy began in 1996 - a partnership presenting The Producers Forum, a gathering of legendary artists. In 1999, Ultra Beach Music Festival, now known as Ultra Music Festival, became an event as part of Winter Music Conference, taking place on 13 March 1999. Waxpoetics Magazine, JBL, Stanton sponsored the first International Record Collectors Show in 2007; the WMC 2009 introduced the first annual WMC VJ Challenge at The Miami Beach Resort & Spa with celebrity hosts, VJs from various parts of the world hosted by VJ Psyberpixie and Felix Sama. This inaugural year of the competition resulted in Sergey Lobodln, walking away with the top winner prize. Since 2008, the conference has received increasing competition from the International Music Summit taking place in Ibiza in May. In 2010, the VJ Challenge was expanded into two areas of competition; the 2010 VJ Challenge winners were AeonChild in the video category and Eclectic Method in the Audio/Visual category. The Miami Beach Resort received the performance of the RoboMusic Demo in which Funkstar De Luxe and RoboProfessor create live interactive compositions of RoboMusic.
In 2011, for the first time, WMC and Ultra Music Festival split and took place during two separate weekends in March. This was "a gross inconsideration by the WMC for event planners worldwide and artist scheduling." According to Windish Agency booking agent Steve Goodgold. 2014 was the last year. In 2015, WMC took place across the span of five days. Following that, 2016 was the second time that Winter Music Conference took place apart from Ultra Music Festival, lasting only four days, 21–24 March. Since other music conferences have come about including SXSW in Austin, Amsterdam Dance Event, EDMbiz in Las Vegas, which takes place during Electric Daisy Carnival yearly. On March 21, 2018, Ultra announced that it had acquired the IDMAs. There are over 500 individual events during the week. In 2007, The New York Times named it "one of the most anticipated clubbing events in the country." A major event during Winter Music Conference is the International Dance Music Awards. The IDMAs are an integral part of WMC generating over two million votes from music enthusiasts in 209 countries and territories every year to recognize and honor exceptional achievements in 57 award categories.
The IDMAs have been held annually since the founding of the WMC in 1985, except for 2017. In 2018 they were held once again but winners were chosen by the WMC without public voting. 2019, marked the first public vote for the IDMAs since the WMC was bought out by Miami Music Week - the organisers of Ultra Music Festival. List of electronic music festivals Official Site: http://wintermusicconference.com/ Article about International Dance Music Awards in Music Tendencies Article about Winter Music Conference in Music Tendencies
Ufuk Özbek is a Turkish footballer who plays for Aydinspor 1923. He is the brother of Barış Özbek, a midfielder. Özbek spent several years with Schalke 04's youth team, before joining 1. FC Saarbrücken in 2010, he made his debut in the club's first match in the 3. Liga, when he replaced Nico Weißmann in a 2–0 defeat against Kickers Offenbach. In July 2013 he moved to Borussia Dortmund II. Ufuk Özbek at the Turkish Football Federation Ufuk Özbek – UEFA competition record Ufuk Özbek – FIFA competition record Ufuk Özbek at fussballdaten.de Ufuk Özbek at Soccerway