Parks and Recreation
Parks and Recreation is an American political satire television sitcom created by Greg Daniels and Michael Schur. The series aired on NBC from April 9, 2009 to February 24, 2015, for 125 episodes, over seven seasons; the series stars Amy Poehler as Leslie Knope, a perky, mid-level bureaucrat in the Parks Department of Pawnee, a fictional town in Indiana. The ensemble and supporting cast features Rashida Jones as Ann Perkins, Paul Schneider as Mark Brendanawicz, Aziz Ansari as Tom Haverford, Nick Offerman as Ron Swanson, Aubrey Plaza as April Ludgate, Chris Pratt as Andy Dwyer, Adam Scott as Ben Wyatt, Rob Lowe as Chris Traeger, Jim O'Heir as Jerry Gergich, Retta as Donna Meagle, Billy Eichner as Craig Middlebrooks; the writers researched local California politics for the series, consulted with urban planners and elected officials. Poehler's character, Leslie Knope, underwent major changes after the first season, in response to audience feedback that she seemed unintelligent and "ditzy"; the writing staff incorporated current events into the episodes, such as a government shutdown in Pawnee inspired by the real-life global financial crisis of 2007–2008.
Several guest stars, such as Jason Mantzoukas, Kathryn Hahn, Sam Elliott, Bill Murray, Megan Mullally, Louis C. K. Paul Rudd, Henry Winkler, Kristen Bell, Christie Brinkley, Jon Hamm, have been featured in the series, their characters appear in multiple episodes. In addition, real-life politicians have cameos in episodes such as former U. S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, US Senators Olympia Snowe, Barbara Boxer, Kirsten Gillibrand, Cory Booker, Orrin Hatch, John McCain, then-Vice President Joe Biden, then-First Lady Michelle Obama. Parks and Recreation was part of NBC's "Comedy Night Done Right" programming during its Thursday night prime-time block; the series received mixed reviews during its first season, after a re-approach to its tone and format, the second and subsequent seasons were acclaimed. Throughout its run and Recreation received several awards and nominations, including fourteen Primetime Emmy Award nominations, a Golden Globe Award win for Poehler's performance, a nomination for the Golden Globe Award for Best Television Series – Musical or Comedy.
In TIME's 2012 year-end lists issue and Recreation was named the number one television series of that year. In 2013, after receiving four consecutive nominations in the category and Recreation won the Television Critics Association Award for Outstanding Achievement in Comedy; the first season focuses on Leslie Knope, the deputy director of the Parks and Recreation Department in the fictional town of Pawnee, Indiana. Local nurse Ann Perkins demands that the construction pit beside her house created by an abandoned condo development be filled in after her boyfriend, Andy Dwyer, fell in and broke his legs. Leslie promises to turn the pit into a park, despite resistance from the parks director Ron Swanson, an anti-government libertarian. City planner Mark Brendanawicz – for whom Leslie harbors romantic feelings – pragmatically insists the project is unrealistic due to government red tape, but secretly convinces Ron to approve the project. Leslie and her staff, including her assistant Tom Haverford and intern April Ludgate, try encouraging community interest in the pit project, but meet resistance.
In the second season, the pit is filled in because Andy threatened to sue the city of Pawnee unless the pit was filled. Mark leaves his city hall career for a private sector job. Meanwhile, a crippling budget deficit leads state auditors Chris Traeger and Ben Wyatt to shut down the Pawnee government temporarily; the third season opens with the Pawnee Government reopened. Leslie decides to bring back the defunct Pawnee harvest festival, the success or failure of which will determine the financial future of the department. After weeks of planning, the festival becomes a tremendous success through Leslie's efforts. Chris returns from Indianapolis to become Pawnee's acting city manager, whilst Ben takes a job in Pawnee. April and Andy start dating and, only a few weeks marry in a surprise ceremony. Tom quits his city hall job to form an entertainment company with Jean-Ralphio; the fourth season deals with Leslie's campaign to run for city council. Tom and Jean-Ralphio's company, Entertainment 720 goes out of business and Tom returns to his old job.
Ben and Leslie begin a relationship, Ben sacrifices his job to save Leslie from losing hers, due to Chris' policy against romantic relationships in the workplace. The Parks Department volunteer to become her campaign staff, with Ben as Leslie's campaign manager. Leslie's campaign faces myriad setbacks against her main opponent, Bobby Newport, his famous campaign manager Jennifer Barkley. In the fifth season, Leslie begins working as a City Councillor but finds opposition in angry locals and her fellow councilmen. Ben is at his new job on a congressional campaign in Washington DC, alongside April whom he brought along as an intern. Ron begins a romantic relationship with a woman named Diane. Ben returns to Pawnee, proposes to Leslie, who accepts. Tom starts a successful business renting high end clothing to teenagers. Leslie and Ben plan a fundraising event for the park, now called the Pawnee Commons, decide to have an impromptu wedding that night in City Hall; the sixth season begins with the absorption of Eagleton by Pawnee after the former town declares bankruptcy.
As the governments merge, Leslie loses the recall vote and returns to the Parks Department full-time, whilst Ben is voted in as the next City Manager. Tom sells Rent-A-Swag to Dr. Saperstein in a cash settlement. Ann and Chris, now in a relationship and expecting a baby
An impersonator is someone who imitates or copies the behavior or actions of another. There are many reasons for impersonating someone: Entertainment: An entertainer impersonates a celebrity for entertainment, makes fun of their personal lives, recent scandals and known behavior patterns. Popular objects of impersonation are Elvis, Michael Jackson, Abraham Lincoln, Lenin. Entertainers who impersonate multiple celebrities as part of their act, can be sorted into impressionists and celebrity impersonators. Crime: As part of a criminal act such as identity theft; this is where the criminal is trying to assume the identity of another, in order to commit fraud, such as accessing confidential information, or to gain property not belonging to them. Known as social engineering and impostors. Decoys, used as a form of protection for political and military figures; this involves an impersonator, employed to perform during public appearances, to mislead observers. Sowing discord, causing people to fight, or dislike each other for social, business or political gain.
Companionship: a rental family service provides actors portraying friends or family for platonic purposes. Celebrity impersonators are entertainers who look similar to celebrities and dress in such a way as to imitate them. Impersonators are known as look-alikes, imitators tribute artists and wannabees; the interest may have originated with the desire to see a celebrity who has died. One of the most prominent examples of this phenomenon is the case of Elvis Presley. There are claimed to be more Elvis impersonators and tribute artists in the world than for any other celebrity. Edward Moss has appeared in sitcoms, impersonating Michael Jackson. Tom Jones has attracted his share of impersonators from different places around the world. From the United States, to South East Asia, to the UK, there are performers who either sound like him or imitate his act. Moin Akhter Joe Alaskey has impersonated Jackie Gleason and Mel Blanc Shafaat Ali Alec Baldwin impersonates Donald Trump Rory Bremner Steve Bridges Reggie Brown impersonates Barack Obama Frank Caliendo Jim Carrey Dana Carvey Marc Dreier Jimmy Fallon Will Ferrell Tina Fey David Frye Mikheil Gelovani portrayed Joseph Stalin at least a dozen times in film in their lifetimes Frank Gorshin -- several actors, best known for Kirk Douglas and Burt Lancaster Sunil Grover Darrell Hammond Hal Holbrook has portrayed Mark Twain Jay Jason Clay Jenkinson portrays Thomas Jefferson, Meriwether Lewis, Theodore Roosevelt and Robert Oppenheimer and others Val Kilmer has portrayed Mark Twain Jan Leighton, famous for his impersonations of historical figures Rich Little, called "The Man of a Thousand Voices" Ross Marquand Kate McKinnon Vaughn Meader Jim Meskimen El Moreno Michael Jay Pharoah Mike Randall has portrayed Mark Twain and Charles Dickens Stevie Riks Tim Russell Sour Shoes Kevin Spacey Aries Spears Larry Storch Joe Wiegand portrays 26th US President, Theodore Roosevelt Kristen Wiig Emlyn Williams impersonated Charles Dickens Robin Williams Debra Wilson Although in a recent case, an immigrant was charged with "criminal impersonation" for using another person's social security number when signing up for a job, some courts have ruled that this is not an actual crime.
The ruling hinges on. Impressionist Look-alike Personation Police impersonation Shi, in the Chinese ancestor ritual: a figure impersonating ancestors Soundboard, victim soundboard Tribute act Wannabe Identity fraud Identity theft
Steven Alexander Wright is an American stand-up comedian, actor and film producer. He is known for his distinctly lethargic voice and slow, deadpan delivery of ironic and sometimes nonsensical jokes, non sequiturs, anti-humor, one-liners with contrived situations. Wright was ranked as the 15th Greatest Comedian by Rolling Stone in a list of the 50 Greatest Stand-up Comics, his accolades include the Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film for writing and producing the short film The Appointments of Dennis Jennings and two Primetime Emmy Awards nominations as a producer of Louie. Wright was born in Cambridge and grew up in Burlington, one of four children of Lucille "Dolly" and Alexander K. Wright, he was raised as a Roman Catholic. His mother was Italian his father was of Scottish descent. Wright's father worked as an electronics technician who "tested a lot of stuff" for NASA during the Apollo spacecraft program; when that program ended, he worked as a truck driver. Wright attended Middlesex Community College in Bedford, Massachusetts for two years to earn his associate's degree continued his education at Emerson College.
He graduated from Emerson in 1978 and began performing stand-up comedy the following year at the Comedy Connection in Boston. Wright cites director Woody Allen as comedic influences. In 1982 executive producer of The Tonight Show Peter Lassally saw Wright performing on a bill with other local comics at the Ding Ho comedy club, at 11 Springfield Street, in Cambridge's Inman Square, a venue Wright described as "half Chinese restaurant and half comedy club, it was a pretty weird place." Lassally booked Wright on NBC's The Tonight Show, where the comic so impressed host Johnny Carson and the studio audience that less than a week Wright was invited to appear on the show again. In May 2000, Wright and other Ding Ho alumni including Lenny Clarke, Barry Crimmins, Steve Sweeney, Bill Sohonage and Jimmy Tingle appeared at a reunion benefit for comic Bob Lazarus, suffering from leukemia. Wright's 1985 comedy album, entitled I Have a Pony, was released on Warner Bros. Records, was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album.
The success of this album landed him an HBO special, in the On Location: series, taped at Wolfgang's in San Francisco, as a live performance, for A Steven Wright Special. By Wright had developed a new brand of obscure, laid-back performing and was building a cult-like following of hip, savvy fans and an onstage persona characterized by an aura of obscurity, with his penchant for non-sequiturs and subdued, slowly-paced delivery style only adding to his mystique; the performance would become one of HBO's longest running and most requested comedy specials, would propel him to great success on the college-arena concert circuit. In 1989 he and fellow producer Dean Parisot won an Academy Award for their 30-minute short film "The Appointments of Dennis Jennings," directed by Parisot, written by Mike Armstrong and Wright, starring Wright and Rowan Atkinson. Upon accepting the Oscar, Wright said, "We're glad that we cut out the other sixty minutes." In 1992 Wright had a recurring role on the television sitcom Mad About You.
He supplied the voice of the radio DJ in writer-director Quentin Tarantino's film Reservoir Dogs that same year. "Dean Parisot's wife Sally Menke is Quentin Tarantino's editor, so when she was editing the movie and it was getting down toward the end where they didn't have the radio DJ yet, she thought of me and told Quentin and he liked the idea," Wright explained in 2009. Numerous lists of jokes attributed to Wright circulate on the Internet, sometimes of dubious origin. Wright has stated, "Someone showed me a site, half of it that said I wrote it, I didn't write. I saw one, I didn't write any of it. What's disturbing is that with a few of these jokes, I wish I had thought of them. A giant amount of them, I'm embarrassed that people think I thought of them, because some are bad."After his 1990 comedy special Wicker Chairs and Gravity, Wright continued to do stand-up performances, but he was absent from television, doing only occasional guest spots on late-night talk shows. In 1999 he wrote and directed the 30-minute short One Soldier saying it's "about a soldier, in the Civil War, right after the war, with all these existentialist thoughts and wondering if there is a God and all that stuff."In 2006 Wright produced his first stand-up special in 16 years, Steven Wright: When the Leaves Blow Away aired on Comedy Central on October 21, 2006.
Its DVD was released April 23, 2007. On September 25, 2007 Wright released his second album, I Still Have a Pony, a CD release of the material from When The Leaves Blow Away, it was nominated for the Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album, but lost to The Distant Future by Flight of the Conchords. Steven Wright was awarded an Oscar in 1989 for Best Short Live-Action Film for The Appointments of Dennis Jennings, which he co-wrote and starred in, he received two Emmy nominations as part of the producing team of Louie, first in 2014 and again in 2015. On December 15, 2008, Wright became the first inductee to the Boston Comedy Hall of Fame. In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, he was voted amongst the top 50 comedy acts by fellow comedians and comedy insiders, he was named No. 23 on Comedy Central's list of the 100 greatest stand-up comics. While not well known for works outside of the comedy realm, Steven Wright is a musician and has recorded several non-comedy songs with his friend and occasional actor Mark Wuerthner.
Wright has an interest in painting. B
A comedy festival is a celebration of comedy with many shows, comedy performers and is held over a specific block of time. Each festival has a diverse range of comedy themes and genres. A partial list of well-known comedy festivals includes: Moontower Comedy Festival Leicester Comedy Festival Algé'rire, In Algiers, the largest comedy festival in the country Festival ComediHa! Fest JFL NorthWest Big Pine Comedy Festival Edinburgh Festival Fringe Glasgow International Comedy Festival Melbourne International Comedy Festival FunnyFest Calgary Comedy Festival YYComedy Festival Cologne Comedy Festival Just for Laughs Iowa Comedy Festival Birmingham Comedy Festival Great Plains Comedy Festival Winnipeg Fringe Theatre Festival HK International Comedy Festival Halloween Howls Comedy Festival Kilkenny Cat Laughs Comedy Festival Melbourne International Comedy Festival Perth International Comedy Festival Sydney Comedy Festival World's Funniest Island New Zealand International Comedy Festival Busan International Comedy Festival Lucille Ball Comedy Festival Xanthi Comedy Festival - Greece Bris Funny Fest Stand Up Fest - Indonesia List of improvisational theater festivals
Oxford English Dictionary
The Oxford English Dictionary is the principal historical dictionary of the English language, published by Oxford University Press. It traces the historical development of the English language, providing a comprehensive resource to scholars and academic researchers, as well as describing usage in its many variations throughout the world; the second edition, comprising 21,728 pages in 20 volumes, was published in 1989. Work began on the dictionary in 1857, but it was only in 1884 that it began to be published in unbound fascicles as work continued on the project, under the name of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles. In 1895, the title The Oxford English Dictionary was first used unofficially on the covers of the series, in 1928 the full dictionary was republished in ten bound volumes. In 1933, the title The Oxford English Dictionary replaced the former name in all occurrences in its reprinting as twelve volumes with a one-volume supplement. More supplements came over the years until 1989.
Since 2000, compilation of a third edition of the dictionary has been underway half of, complete. The first electronic version of the dictionary was made available in 1988; the online version has been available since 2000, as of April 2014 was receiving over two million hits per month. The third edition of the dictionary will most only appear in electronic form: the Chief Executive of Oxford University Press has stated that it is unlikely that it will be printed; as a historical dictionary, the Oxford English Dictionary explains words by showing their development rather than their present-day usages. Therefore, it shows definitions in the order that the sense of the word began being used, including word meanings which are no longer used; each definition is shown with numerous short usage quotations. This allows the reader to get an approximate sense of the time period in which a particular word has been in use, additional quotations help the reader to ascertain information about how the word is used in context, beyond any explanation that the dictionary editors can provide.
The format of the OED's entries has influenced numerous other historical lexicography projects. The forerunners to the OED, such as the early volumes of the Deutsches Wörterbuch, had provided few quotations from a limited number of sources, whereas the OED editors preferred larger groups of quite short quotations from a wide selection of authors and publications; this influenced volumes of this and other lexicographical works. According to the publishers, it would take a single person 120 years to "key in" the 59 million words of the OED second edition, 60 years to proofread them, 540 megabytes to store them electronically; as of 30 November 2005, the Oxford English Dictionary contained 301,100 main entries. Supplementing the entry headwords, there are 157,000 bold-type derivatives; the dictionary's latest, complete print edition was printed in 20 volumes, comprising 291,500 entries in 21,730 pages. The longest entry in the OED2 was for the verb set, which required 60,000 words to describe some 430 senses.
As entries began to be revised for the OED3 in sequence starting from M, the longest entry became make in 2000 put in 2007 run in 2011. Despite its considerable size, the OED is neither the world's largest nor the earliest exhaustive dictionary of a language. Another earlier large dictionary is the Grimm brothers' dictionary of the German language, begun in 1838 and completed in 1961; the first edition of the Vocabolario degli Accademici della Crusca is the first great dictionary devoted to a modern European language and was published in 1612. The official dictionary of Spanish is the Diccionario de la lengua española, its first edition was published in 1780; the Kangxi dictionary of Chinese was published in 1716. The dictionary began as a Philological Society project of a small group of intellectuals in London: Richard Chenevix Trench, Herbert Coleridge, Frederick Furnivall, who were dissatisfied with the existing English dictionaries; the Society expressed interest in compiling a new dictionary as early as 1844, but it was not until June 1857 that they began by forming an "Unregistered Words Committee" to search for words that were unlisted or poorly defined in current dictionaries.
In November, Trench's report was not a list of unregistered words. The Society realized that the number of unlisted words would be far more than the number of words in the English dictionaries of the 19th century, shifted their idea from covering only words that were not in English diction
Andre Keith Braugher is an American actor. He is best known for his role as Captain Raymond Holt on the television series Brooklyn Nine-Nine and the television film Homicide: The Movie, as well as his roles as Owen Thoreau Jr. on the television series Men of a Certain Age. Braugher has received ten Primetime Emmy Award nominations. In film, he is best known for his supporting roles in many successful films such as Glory, Primal Fear, City of Angels, Poseidon, The Mist, Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, The Gambler. Andre Keith Braugher was born July 1, 1962, in Chicago, the youngest of four children born to postal worker Sally and heavy equipment operator Floyd Braugher, he attended St. Ignatius College Prep and graduated from Stanford University with a BA in theatre in 1984, he attended the Juilliard School's Drama Division, graduating with an MFA in 1988. Braugher's first film role was in the 1989 film Glory as Thomas Searles, a free, educated black man from the North who joins the first black regiment in the Union Army.
He played Kojak's sidekick in the late-1980s ABC television film revival of Kojak. He subsequently moved on to a role on the television series Homicide: Life on the Street as Detective Frank Pembleton, a self-righteous, unyielding, Jesuit-educated police detective. Playing opposite Kyle Secor, Braugher became the series' breakout star, he received Television Critics Association awards for individual achievement in drama in 1997 and 1998. He was nominated for a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series in 1996 and 1998, winning in the latter year, he returned for the reunion television film. He has co-starred in the films City of Angels and Poseidon. In 1997, he was selected by People as one of the "50 Most Beautiful People in the World". At New York City's Shakespeare in the Park Festival from June 18 to July 14, 1996 at the Delacorte Theatre in Central Park, Braugher played the title role in Henry V for which he received an Obie Award. In 2000, he played the title role as Ben Gideon in the series Gideon's Crossing, which lasted one season.
In 2002, Braugher narrated the award-winning, PBS-broadcast documentary Muhammad: Legacy of a Prophet, produced by Unity Productions Foundation and re-issued. Braugher narrated The Murder of Emmett Till for PBS, he played Detective Marcellus Washington in the TV series Hack from 2002–2004. In 2006, Braugher starred as Nick Atwater in the mini-series Thief for FX Networks, winning a second Emmy for his performance, he portrayed General Hager in the 2007 film Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer. Braugher appeared on the TV series House, M. D. as Dr. Darryl Nolan, a psychiatrist who helps House recover from his addiction to Vicodin, he appeared in the TNT series Men of a Certain Age, for which he was nominated twice as Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series. He voiced the villain Darkseid in the animated film, Superman/Batman: Apocalypse. Braugher co-starred in the Manhattan Theatre Club's production of The Whipping Man, off-Broadway, for a limited run from January–March 2011.
He narrated the introduction to the Olympic Games on NBC from 2006 to 2010, succeeding James Earl Jones in the role. Braugher narrated James Patterson's Alex Cross book Cross Fire, he has a recurring role as defense attorney Bayard Ellis on Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, appeared as the lead character, Capt. Marcus Chaplin, in ABC's military drama TV series Last Resort. Braugher had a recurring role in season 4 of the Netflix animated series Bojack Horseman as California Gov. Woodchuck Coodchuck-Berkowitz, he stars in the Golden Globe winning TV series Brooklyn Nine-Nine as the precinct captain, Raymond Holt, for which he has been nominated for three Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series. In 1991, Braugher married actress Ami Brabson, who played his character's wife on Homicide, they have three sons: Michael and John Wesley. The family resides in New Jersey, he and his family are Unitarian Universalists. Andre Braugher on IMDb Andre Braugher at AllMovie Andre Braugher at Internet Off-Broadway Database