Kim Simplis Barrow
Kim Simplis Barrow is a Belizean activist and philanthropist wife of the Prime Minister of Belize, Rt. Hon. Dean Oliver Barrow, MP, she is the Special Envoy for Women and Children and founder of the Lifeline Foundation, one of Belize's most acclaimed charitable initiatives. In 2008, she became the first Belizean to be designated as a Global Ambassador by Special Olympics International, she was born in Belize City on March 3, 1972. After obtaining two master's degrees from Florida International University, Kim returned to Belize and became the Executive Director of the Belize Tourism Association, before turning to NGO's. In the vitally important role as Executive Director for the aforementioned institution, she made numerous contributions to the strategic development as well as the implementation of the long term roadmap for Belize's tourism industry. Prior to this position, she served as Marketing Director for the popular Fiesta Inn Hotel properties in Mazatlan and Belize; the Lifeline Foundation was started in 2005, registered as a charitable foundation and NGO in 2006 in Belize.
Its objectives are to assist with the welfare of children in Belize. It raises tens of thousands of dollars annually to aid disenfranchised children; the primary focus of the foundation has been on children living with HIV/AIDS, support to children outside of familial care settings and nutrition programs for children. The following are some accomplishments of the Lifeline Foundation Implemented feeding programs Built cafeterias at schools Provided educational material for students and teaching material for teachers Built classrooms at several schools Built proper toilet facilities Donated furniture and fixtures for classrooms Donated medication for persons living with HIV/AIDS Donated money to organizations who are directly working with cancer victims Donated to orphanagesThe Lifeline Foundation celebrated its ten-year anniversary in 2015; as Special Envoy for Women and Children, Simplis Barrow is the Belizean champion for children, undertaking projects big and small and working in collaboration with the Ministries of Health and Human Development, the National Committee for Families and Children and local non-government organisations in advocating for the passage of legislation and the development of social policies and programmes that promote and protect children's wellbeing.
In early 2013, Simplis Barrow initiated the construction of two much needed facilities designed to improve the lives of some of Belize's most vulnerable children. The first of these facilities is the Inspiration Centre, which opened its doors in March, 2014 and now provides integrated care services to poor children with disabilities; the other facility is a Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care wing at the national referral hospital which opened on October 27, 2015. The construction of both of these multimillion-dollar projects were financed by local and international fundraising efforts, including two Inspiration Telethons in Belize. Both the Inspiration Centre and the Paediatric and Neonatal Intensive Care wings are the only one of their kind in the country, she has hosted national conferences to raise awareness on the subject of commercial sexual exploitation of children and advocated for the passage of legislation on the commercial sexual exploitation of children and human trafficking as well as the passage of amendments to the criminal code for stiffer penalties for all perpetrators of sexual violence against children.
In 2013 Simplis Barrow embarked on a public education campaign titled “My Body is Precious” that seeks to empower children and adolescents with information on sexual abuse and exploitation. She has co-authored two books as a part of the campaign; the first was a child friendly book on sexual abuse prevention. This book was launched in April, 2013 and resulted in a countrywide tour that included the dramatization of the book and a song; the second book targets adolescent girls and was distributed at a countrywide Girl Empowerment speaking tour, launched in early 2014. On March 6, 2014 Simplis Barrow, along with the National Women's Commission put together the first 20,000 STRONG Women's Empowerment Rally which brought together thousands of women and girls countrywide, the largest non-political crowd gathered in Belize in a magnificent show of solidarity for women's empowerment. From this movement, the Special Envoy made a significant step forward to empower Belize's women and girls financially.
Mrs. Simplis Barrow took that call to action to the rest of the world with a First Ladies Conference, held as a side event at the 69th United Nations General Assembly; the gathering of spouses of heads of states and governments were encouraged to support areas of micro-financing for female entrepreneurs, violence prevention initiatives and women's health and education. Thousands gathered once again on March 11, 2016 when the second 20,000 STRONG Rally was held coinciding with the unveiling of the 20-4-20 Women's Economic Empowerment Program; these crucial issues make for a busy schedule, but the Spirit of Christmas is never missing at the Special Envoy office. Each year Simplis Barrow hosts a Christmas concert for the young residents of the children's homes across the country to ensure that while they are away from their families during the holidays; this concert along with the annual launch of Inspiration Calendars featuring artwork by children with disabilities and agendas sold a source of funding for the Inspiration Center, are the Special Envoy's signature end-of-year events.
Michael Anthony P. Ashcroft, Baron Ashcroft, is a British-Belizean businessman and politician, he is a former deputy chairman of the Conservative Party. Ashcroft founded Michael A. Ashcroft Associates in 1972 and is the 95th richest person in the UK, as ranked by the Sunday Times Rich List 2017, with an estimated fortune of £1.35 billion. He sat on the Conservative benches of the House of Lords until 2015, having been created a life peer in 2000, his peerage was controversial due to his status as a tax exile. The Cabinet Office stated that he would take up permanent residence in the UK for tax purposes, but it was reported a decade that he had not done so. Ashcroft holds dual British and Belizean nationality, is a belonger of the Turks and Caicos Islands. Born in Chichester, West Sussex, as his father Eric was a British colonial civil servant, Ashcroft spent some of his early years in British Honduras and Malawi, he was educated at Norwich School, Royal Grammar School, High Wycombe, Mid-Essex Technical College, where he obtained a Higher National Diploma in Business studies.
After a period in Belize after completing his education, Ashcroft returned to hitch hike around Europe, for a short period of time became the manager of a rock and roll band. In 1967, Ashcroft joined Carreras Tobacco as a management trainee, he left in 1969, after several months unemployed. Pritchard Group was a cleaning and business services company and Ashcroft worked his way up to become an assistant in the company's head office accounting department, part of a large acquisitions team. In 1972, at the age of 26, he started Michael A. Ashcroft Associates, his first acquisition was Uni-Kleen – a loss-making cleaning company with 1000 employees, which he purchased for just £1 in 1974, with a £15,000 bank loan. He worked to turn the company around, selling it just three years for £1.3 million. On exiting Uni-Kleen in 1977, his next purchase was Hawley Goodall, another poorly performing company, this time in camping equipment manufacture. Ashcroft used Hawley to make a series of acquisitions, transforming Hawley into a business services group, ranging from janitorial services for hospitals and offices, to car auction services, with a focus on the security services industry.
Through the sale of the car auctions division to the fast-expanding British Car Auctions, he formed a lifelong friendship with David Wickins, whom he would help take a majority stake in Lotus Cars, as well as finance other joint-ventures. By 1981, Hawley had made its first acquisitions in the United States, its total revenues had grown to $27 million. By early 1983, Hawley had built up a 20% stake in pharmaceutical packaging manufacturer Cope Allman. Ashcroft offered to increase his stake to 29.9%, just below the 30% level at which a formal bid for the entire company must be launched. Ashcroft and Cope Allman fought bitterly over the purchase share price and current holdings, with Cope Allman reporting Ashcroft and Wickins to the Takeover panel, after discovering that BCA had built up a 13.5% in the company. But the takeover panel found that the Ashcroft and Wickins were operating independently, so Hawley was able to increase its holding to 29.9%. At this point the combined holdings of Hawley/BCA in Cope Allman amounted to 43.5% per cent of Cope Allman, giving them the power to introduce sweeping changes without launching a full bid.
Cope Allman was sold to an MBO backed by Hawley and financed by Bain Capital, sold to Bowater in 1992 in a complex swap of assets with ADT/Hawley. In 1985 Ashcroft and Wickins bought car sales dealership Henlys Group via a Canadian-registered company, Mipec. Controlled by Ashcroft's Hawley Goodall, Henlys was merged with the owned funeral hearse maker Coleman Milne to form a Motoring Division. In 1989, Hawley Goodall sold its Motoring Division consisting of Henlys and Coleman Milne to the Plaxton Group, the bus and coach manufacturer based in Scarborough, North Yorkshire. In 1986, Hawley bought out Ashcroft's former employer, Pritchard Services, leaping to the second place in the U. S. services industry. At this time, Hawley had revenues of more than $1.3 billion. 1987 was a key year for Hawley. In the early part of the year, it bought Crime Control Inc. based in Indianapolis, for $50 million, placing the company in fourth place in the U. S. security market. In the year it bought ADT Security Services, the largest electronic security company in the United States.
This purchase transformed Hawley into the leading security services business in the United States, resulted in the majority of its revenues coming from the North American market. As a result of the acquisition, Bermuda-registered Hawley changed its name to ADT Inc. and decided to refocus its business around security services. At the end of 1987, the company sold its North American-based facility services business to Denmark's ISS A/S. In 1987, Ashcroft bought out the existing shareholders of Wickins BCA via Hawley Goodall. Based at Blackbushe Airport to allow Wickins access to his treasured aviation division, which flew both Jet Ranger helicopters and Beechcraft King Air turbo prop aircraft, who has a disliking for such flippant expenditure sold off the aircraft. Wickins joined the board of Hawley Goodall, remaining there until the Tyco takeover, but retired from BCA in 1990. In 1995, to allow for the Tyco transaction, the group decided to divest itself of BCA; the residual North American arm was sold to trade buyers, while the European arm was sold to a consortium of some 40 private investors, including Ashcroft via his Belize-based investment company.
In September 2006, BCA was bought by
Belize City is the largest city in Belize and was once the capital of the former British Honduras. According to the 2010 census, Belize City has a population of 57,169 people in 16,162 households, it is at the mouth of the Haulover Creek, a tributary of the Belize River. The Belize River empties into the Caribbean Sea five miles from Belize City on the Philip Goldson Highway on the coast of the Caribbean; the city is the country's principal port and its financial and industrial hub. Cruise ships drop anchor outside the port and are tendered by local citizens; the city was entirely destroyed in 1961 when Hurricane Hattie swept ashore on October 31. It was the capital of British Honduras until the government was moved to the new capital of Belmopan in 1970. Belize City was founded as "Belize Town" in 1638 by English lumber harvesters, it had been a small Maya city called Holzuz. Belize Town was ideal for the English as a central post because it was on the sea and a natural outlet for local rivers and creeks down which the British shipped logwood and mahogany.
Belize Town became the home of the thousands of African slaves brought in by the English to toil in the forest industry. It was the coordination site for the 1798 Battle of St. George's Caye, won by the British against would-be invaders, the home of the local courts and government officials up to the 1970s. For this reason, historians say that "the capital was the colony", because the center of British control was here; this sentiment remains true today. Though people like Antonio Soberanis, George Price and Evan X Hyde all lobbied to take their movements outside, other ethnic groups such as the Garifuna and Mestizos sprang up elsewhere in the country, people looked to Belize Town for guidance. Belize City has been directly struck by two hurricanes since 1900, the 1931 hurricane and 1961's Hurricane Hattie, at various times areas of the city have burnt down, the most recent being the 1999 Albert Street fire that burnt out Mikado's, a 2004 fire that destroyed the Paslow Building; the city was hit hard by Hurricane Richard in 2010 and by the 2016 Hurricane Earl.
Fires on Northside and Southside have burnt out great stretches of housing, but the fire department was able to quench most of these. The city is susceptible to flooding in the rainy season. Belize City spreads out Mile 6 on the Western Highway and Mile 5 on the Northern Highway, at the Haulover Bridge; the city proper is divided into two areas: Northside, bounded by Haulover Creek and ending in the east at the Fort George area, Southside, extending to the outskirts of the city and the port area including downtown. Politically, it is divided into ten constituencies. Freetown, the westernmost constituency on Northside, is home to the Belama, Coral Grove, Buttonwood Bay and Vista Del Mar suburbs. Within the city proper it extends up to around the former Belize Technical College area. Caribbean Shores includes Kings' Park, a small suburb north and west of Freetown Road, West Landivar, home to two of the University of Belize's three city campuses, residential University Heights. Pickstock inhabits the banks of the Haulover Creek extending to Barrack Road.
St. John's Cathedral stands on the southern end of Albert Street. St. John's is the oldest Anglican Church in Central America, one of the oldest buildings in Belize; the orange bricks came to Belize aboard British ships as ballast. Construction began in 1812, the church was completed in 1820. St. John's is the only Anglican cathedral in the world outside England where the crowning of kings took place. Fort George is the most colonial area in the city and contains Memorial Park, the Baron Bliss Grave and Baron Bliss Lighthouse and the Museum of Belize. On the Southside, Lake Independence and Port Loyola are home to some of the city's poorest residents. "London bridges", rickety wooden pallets linking dwellings, low-strung poles are not uncommon here. On the east side of Central American Boulevard are Mesopotamia, Queen's Square and Albert, which are better. Albert contains the downtown streets of Albert and Regent Streets; the divisions of the city are linked by four bridges: the Swing Bridge, at Market Square and North Front Street.
Numerous smaller bridges link individual streets. The three main canals running in Belize City, are Haulover Creek, Burdon Canal and Collet Canal. All of them run through Southside; the city is served by Philip S. W. Goldson International Airport, in Ladyville, northwest of Belize City, by Belize City Municipal Airport, within the city itself. Belize City features a tropical monsoon climate, with warm and humid conditions throughout the course of the year; the city has a lengthy wet season that runs from May through January and a short dry season covering the remaining three months. However, as is the characteristic of several cities with tropical monsoon climates, Belize City sees some precipitation during its dry season. March is Belize City's driest month with only 48 mm of precipitation observed, a somewhat unusual month for a city with this climate type; the driest month for a city with a tropical monsoon climate is the month after the winter solstice, which in Belize City would be January.
Average monthly temperatures remain constant throughout the course of the year, ranging from 23 °C to 28 °C. B
Alma mater is an allegorical Latin phrase for a university, school, or college that one attended. In US usage it can mean the school from which one graduated; the phrase is variously translated as "nourishing mother", "nursing mother", or "fostering mother", suggesting that a school provides intellectual nourishment to its students. Fine arts will depict educational institutions using a robed woman as a visual metaphor. Before its current usage, alma mater was an honorific title for various Latin mother goddesses Ceres or Cybele, in Catholicism for the Virgin Mary, it entered academic usage when the University of Bologna adopted the motto Alma Mater Studiorum, which describes its heritage as the oldest operating university in the Western world. It is related to alumnus, a term used for a university graduate that means a "nursling" or "one, nourished". Although alma was a common epithet for Ceres, Cybele and other mother goddesses, it was not used in conjunction with mater in classical Latin. In the Oxford Latin Dictionary, the phrase is attributed to Lucretius' De rerum natura, where it is used as an epithet to describe an earth goddess: After the fall of Rome, the term came into Christian liturgical usage in association with the Virgin Mary.
"Alma Redemptoris Mater" is a well-known 11th century antiphon devoted to Mary. The earliest documented use of the term to refer to a university in an English-speaking country is in 1600, when the University of Cambridge printer, John Legate, began using an emblem for the university's press; the device's first-known appearance is on the title-page of William Perkins' A Golden Chain, where the Latin phrase Alma Mater Cantabrigia is inscribed on a pedestal bearing a nude, lactating woman wearing a mural crown. In English etymological reference works, the first university-related usage is cited in 1710, when an academic mother figure is mentioned in a remembrance of Henry More by Richard Ward. Many historic European universities have adopted Alma Mater as part of the Latin translation of their official name; the University of Bologna Latin name, Alma Mater Studiorum, refers to its status as the oldest continuously operating university in the world. Other European universities, such as the Alma Mater Lipsiensis in Leipzig, Germany, or Alma Mater Jagiellonica, have used the expression in conjunction with geographical or foundational characteristics.
At least one, the Alma Mater Europaea in Salzburg, Austria, an international university founded by the European Academy of Sciences and Arts in 2010, uses the term as its official name. In the United States, the College of William & Mary in Williamsburg, has been called the "Alma Mater of the Nation" because of its ties to the country's founding. At Queen's University in Kingston and the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, British Columbia, the main student government is known as the Alma Mater Society; the ancient Roman world had many statues of the Alma Mater, some still extant. Modern sculptures are found in prominent locations on several American university campuses. For example, in the United States: there is a well-known bronze statue of Alma Mater by Daniel Chester French situated on the steps of Columbia University's Low Library. An altarpiece mural in Yale University's Sterling Memorial Library, painted in 1932 by Eugene Savage, depicts the Alma Mater as a bearer of light and truth, standing in the midst of the personified arts and sciences.
Outside the United States, there is an Alma Mater sculpture on the steps of the monumental entrance to the Universidad de La Habana, in Havana, Cuba. The statue was cast in 1919 by Mario Korbel, with Feliciana Villalón Wilson as the inspiration for Alma Mater, it was installed in its current location in 1927, at the direction of architect Raul Otero. Media related to Alma mater at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of alma mater at Wiktionary Alma Mater Europaea website
Amandala is a Belizean tabloid newspaper. It was established on 13 August 1969 as the print organ of the now-defunct United Black Association for Development, but has been politically independent since the mid-1970s, its offices are located at 3304 Partridge Street in Belize City. As of 2017, it has published over 3000 issues; the name "Amandala" is adapted from the Xhosa/Zulu word "amandla", which means "power". Editors felt that Belizeans might mispronounce the word, so they added an extra "a" after the "d". Amandala editors like to say the word means "power to the people", although the correct term for, "Amandla, Ngawethu"; the phrase occurs in English throughout the newspaper, most in the Editorial and in publisher Evan X Hyde's column. Publisher: Evan X Hyde Editor in Chief: Russell Vellos Assistant Editor: Adele Ramos Lithographer: Cassian Glenn, Roy Lord Layout/Design: Victoria Tun, Deshawn Swasey Business Manager: Jacinta Hyde Compositor: Office Secretary/Receptionist: Odessa Robinson Collation Manager: Jason Barrera Midweek edition: BZ $1.00 Weekend edition: BZ $1.35 Headlines Top national news stories Editorial, letters to editor featured articles international news stories classifieds social registry sports Amandala began as a stenciled spreadsheet given out by members and supporters of UBAD in the streets of Belize City.
After the third issue was published, UBAD officials decided to begin selling the paper for five cents a copy. The newspaper was dated and sold on Fridays; the first publisher and editor of the newspaper was Ismail Shabazz, a Muslim and member of UBAD. Many of the newspaper's first issues were dedicated to promoting the affairs of its parent organization, advertising meetings and protests, containing articles on topics considered important to Belizeans as well as criticism of the ruling People's United Party and its leader, George Price; the first issue claimed of the new newspaper's intentions: "We don't know too much about this newspaper thing... We'll do the jerk, we'll do the fly... bex. Who bex fus, lose." In October 1969, UBAD merged forces with a similar movement, the People's Action Committee chaired by Assad Shoman and Said Musa. Their newspaper, FIRE, joined Amandala to create "Amandala with FIRE", this was the newspaper's masthead for the rest of 1969 and into January 1970, when RAM dissolved.
Thereafter, Amandala reverted to its original name. In the Amandala of February 20, 1970, the newspaper ran an article slandering an election petition heard and dismissed in the Supreme Court after General Elections on December 5, 1969, won by the PUP; the full text of the article follows here: "Games Old People Play" Election Petition Starring: Clifford De Lisle Innis D. B. Courtenay Edward Laing Theodore Warrior Agapito Hassock, other famous lip professors and cast of yeri-so PUP and NIP fanatics. See: The rats of Charley Cadle Price See: The bald white dome of S. Hulse Thrill to the Dramatic Ending: Dismissal of the Case. UBADRAM advice to the cast of children: After this, let's play Mommy and Daddy: Hee, Hee. A none too pleased PUP administration accused UBAD president Hyde and publisher Shabazz with sedition for the text of the article, which they claimed "meant that the administration of justice was a farce and that... who participated in it were participants in a childish game of amusements".
The case went to trial in June 1970, with former colleagues Shoman and Musa representing Hyde and Shabazz. For the next month, the fate of Amandala and UBAD hung in the balance as Attorney General V. H. Courtenay tried to prove that the Amandala had in fact committed sedition by lampooning the event and the defendants tried to exonerate themselves and improve the credibility of the fledgling newspaper. Shoman showing some partiality, calls it the "most exciting trial in Belizean history", right down to the verdict, delivered on July 7, 1970 and clearing Hyde and Shabazz. A relieved Amandala staff began making moves to develop the newspaper's technology. First, in 1971, Amandala purchased a Chandler and Price letter press to replace the Gestetner stencils used on the paper to that point; this technology lasted, with many trials and errors, to 1977, when it was shelved in favor of modern offset technology being favoured by competitors such as The Reporter and The Belize Times. Despite ravages from Hurricane Greta-Olivia, Amandala became the nation's leading newspaper by 1981 due in part to using offset printing.
Parent organization UBAD soon crumbled around Amandala as faithful members went their own way: some to the U. S. some to England, some to the newly formed UDP and some elsewhere. It remained for UBAD to be permanently dissolved, the occasion came after Evan X Hyde's loss at the polls in elections of October 30, 1974. In the Amandala of November 8, 1974, Hyde formally ended UBAD, quoting Frank Sinatra and explaining why the time had come for the Association to be shut down, but Amandala, he said, would move in the direction of being a "community newspaper" rather than a political one. For the remainder of the 1970s, Amandala tried to avoid controversy. Indeed, editor Hyde ran unsuccessfully for the PUP in City Council elections of 1977, the paper toed the line with government policy, although reser
United Democratic Party (Belize)
The United Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in Belize. It is the ruling party, having won 2012 and 2015 general elections. A centre-right conservative party, the UDP is led by Prime Minister of Belize Dean Barrow. In 1973 political opposition in Belize was weak and the ruling People's United Party had never lost a legislative election since its foundation; the main opposition parties, the National Independence Party and the People's Development Movement met together with a new Liberal Party to consider forming an alliance to fight the PUP. The resulting merger formed the United Democratic Party on 27 September 1973. Controversially, a significant portion of the United Black Association for Development voted to join the UDP upon foundation; the UDP's first electoral test was the 1974 general election in which it fielded candidates nationwide except in Corozal District, where it supported candidates from the Corozal United Front. It won six seats, was within 18 votes of winning three more.
Former People's Development Movement head. The party had success in municipal elections during the 1970s, but failed to defeat the PUP in the 1979 general elections, its representation in the House of Representatives dropped to five seats and party leader Lindo lost his seat to Said Musa and was replaced as leader by Theodore Aranda. Despite internal divisions, the party retained control of three towns in the December 1981 municipal elections In late 1982 Aranda was removed as party leader and replaced by Curl Thompson, who in turn was replaced by former Liberal Party leader Manuel Esquivel following a convention. In December 1983 the UDP won Belize City Council elections and the following year they were victorious in the general elections, winning 21 of the 28 seats. However, they lost power in the 1989 elections, winning 13 seats to the PUP's 15. For the 1993 elections the party formed an alliance with the National Alliance for Belizean Rights; the alliance won 16 of the 29 seats, with the UDP taking fifteen.
However, they were soundly defeated in the 1998 elections as the PUP won 26 of the 29 seats, after which Esquivel was replaced by Barrow as party leader. The PUP remained in power following the 2003 elections. After ten years in opposition, the UDP won the 2008 general elections. Dean Lindo Theodore Aranda Curl Thompson Manuel Esquivel Dean Barrow Official website The Guardian Party newspaper
University of the West Indies
The University of the West Indies University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education needs of the residents of 17 English-speaking countries and territories in the Caribbean: Anguilla and Barbuda, The Bahamas, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Grenada, Montserrat, St. Kitts and Nevis, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands; each country is either a member of the Commonwealth of a British Overseas Territory. The aim of the university is to help'unlock the potential for economic and cultural growth' in the West Indies, thus allowing improved regional autonomy; the University was instituted as an independent external college of the University of London. The University has produced students who have excelled in a number of disciplines such as the arts and sciences, business and sports. Notable alumni and faculty include three UWI Nobel Laureates, 72 Rhodes Scholars, 3 Gates Cambridge Scholarship winners, 18 current or former Caribbean Heads of Government, an Olympic medallist.
The university's cricket team participated in West Indian domestic cricket, but now participates as part of a Combined Campuses and Colleges team. The university was founded in 1948, on the recommendation of the Asquith Commission through its sub-committee on the West Indies chaired by Sir James Irvine; the Asquith Commission had been established in 1943 to review the provision of higher education in the British colonies. In a special relationship with the University of London, the University College of the West Indies was seated at Mona, about five miles from Kingston, Jamaica; the university was based at the Gibraltar Camp used by evacuated Gibraltarians during the war. Seeking to address a need for medical care the first faculty established; the foundation stone for a hospital was added in 1949 and the University College Hospital of the West Indies opened in 1953. On 18 January 1953, Sir Winston Churchill visited the hospital on 18 January 1953 and unveiled a plaque in recognition of the contribution made by the government of the United Kingdom to the hospital.
The hospital was renamed the University Hospital of the West Indies in 1967 when the University gained full university status. The hospital offers patient care, the hospital facilitates research and teaching along with the Medical Services department of the Mona campus of the University of the West Indies; the University College achieved independent university status in 1962. The St Augustine Campus in Trinidad the Imperial College of Tropical Agriculture, was established in 1960, followed by the Cave Hill Campus in Barbados in 1963. Before the establishment of the Open Campus, University Centres, headed by a Resident Tutor, were established in each of the other 13 contributing territories. In 1950, HRH Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone, the last surviving granddaughter of Queen Victoria, became the first Chancellor of the University College of the West Indies. Sir William Arthur Lewis was the first Vice-Chancellor under the UWI’s independent Charter. A native of St Lucia, he served as the first West Indian Principal of the UCWI from 1958 to 1960 and as Vice-Chancellor from 1960 to 1963.
He was succeeded by Sir Philip Sherlock who served as Vice-Chancellor from 1963 to 1969. Sir Roy Marshall, a Barbadian, was the next Vice-Chancellor, serving from 1969 to 1974, he was succeeded by Dr Aston Zachariah Preston, a Jamaican, who died in office on 24 June 1986, having served from 1974. The fifth Vice-Chancellor was Sir Alister McIntyre, who served from 1988 to 1998, followed by alumnus and Professor Emeritus Rex Nettleford who served from 1998 to 2004; the current Vice-Chancellor is Professor Sir Hilary Beckles, who succeeded Professor E. Nigel Harris in May 2015; the University of the West Indies Museum exhibits some of the university's history. The UWI is the largest, most longstanding higher education provider in the Commonwealth Caribbean, with four constituent campuses: Mona in Jamaica, St. Augustine in Trinidad and Tobago, Cave Hill in Barbados, an Open Campus serving 17 Caribbean island-nations; the following are the satellite campuses of the university: Mount Hope Campus in Mount Hope and Tobago Western Jamaica Campus in Montego Bay, Jamaica Centre for Hotel and Tourism Management in Nassau, Bahamas The other contributing countries are served by the Open Campus.
Various islands have proposed adding further campuses to the UWI system this includes Hope and Five Islands and Barbuda The Open Campus was established to improve services to the non-campus territories. It brought together several existing UWI units, namely the University of the West Indies Distance Education Centre, the School of Continuing Studies, the Tertiary Level Institutions Unit, the Office of the Board for Non-Campus Countries & Distance Education; the Extra-Mural Department was first established in 1947 when UWI was still the University College of the West Indies. As it developed into the School of Continuing Studies, it incorporated the Caribbean Child Development Centre, the Hugh Lawson Shearer Trade Union Education Institute, the Human Resources Development Unit, the Social Welfare Training Centre and the Women and Development Unit; the University of the West Indies Distance Teaching Experiment was an initiative funded by a USD 600,000 grant from USAID. The telecommunications sys