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Death row

Death row is a place in a prison that houses inmates awaiting execution after being convicted of a capital crime. The term is used figuratively to describe the state of awaiting execution in places where no special facility or separate unit for condemned inmates exists. In the United States, after a person is found guilty of a capital offense in death penalty states, the judge will give the jury the option of imposing a death sentence or life imprisonment without the possibility of parole, it is up to a jury to decide whether to give the death sentence. If the jury agrees on death, the defendant will remain on death row during appeal and habeas corpus procedures, which may continue for several years. Opponents of capital punishment claim that a prisoner's isolation and uncertainty over his or her fate constitute a form of psychological abuse and that long-time death row inmates are prone to develop a Mental disorder, if they do not suffer such a condition; this is referred to as the death row phenomenon.

Some inmates may attempt to commit suicide. In the United States, prisoners may wait many years before execution can be carried out due to the complex and time-consuming appeals procedures mandated in the jurisdiction; the time between sentencing and execution has increased steadily between 1977 and 2010, including a 22% jump between 1989 and 1990 and a similar jump between 2008 and 2009. In 2010, a death row inmate waited an average of 178 months between execution. Nearly a quarter of inmates on death row in the U. S. die of natural causes. There were 2,721 people on death row in the United States on October 1, 2018. Since 1977, the states of Texas and Oklahoma have executed the most death row inmates; as of 2010, Florida and Pennsylvania housed more than half of all inmates pending on death row. As of 2008, the longest-serving prisoner on death row in the US, executed was Thomas Knight who served over 39 years, he was executed in Florida in 2014. While Knight was the longest-serving executed inmate, Gary Alvord arrived on Florida's death row in 1974 and died 39 years on May 19, 2013 from a brain tumor, having spent more time on death row than any American.

Brandon Astor Jones spent 36 years on death row before being executed for felony murder by the state of Georgia in 2016, at the age of 72. The oldest prisoner on death row in the United States was age 94, in Arizona, he died of natural causes on February 12, 2010. Notes: When the United Kingdom had capital punishment, sentenced. If that appeal was found to involve an important point of law it was taken up to the House of Lords, if the appeal was successful, at that point the sentence was changed to life in prison; the Home Secretary had the power to exercise the Sovereign's royal prerogative of mercy to grant a reprieve on execution and change the sentence to life imprisonment. In some Caribbean countries that still authorize execution, the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council is the ultimate court of appeals, it has upheld appeals by prisoners who have spent several years under sentence of death, stating that it does not desire to see the death row phenomenon emerge in countries under its jurisdiction.

Live from Death Row The Green Mile The Chamber Dead Man Walking Capital punishment List of death row inmates in the United States List of women on death row in the United States List of exonerated death row inmates Execution chamber List of wrongful convictions in the United States Death Row Conditions: Death Penalty Worldwide Academic research database on the laws and statistics of capital punishment for every death penalty country in the world. LifeLines

Katherine Harley (suffragist)

Katherine Harley was a suffragist. In 1913 she proposed and organised the Great Pilgrimage on behalf of the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies. During the First World War she organise the Women's Emergency Corps. Katherine Harley was born in Kent on 3 May 1855, the daughter of the daughter of Margaret French, née Eccles, her husband John French, a Royal Navy commander from Ireland. Katherine's siblings included an elder sister and John. Katherine's father died before she was born, her mother was confined to an asylum by 1867, she married Colonel George Harley. In 1910 Harley joined the National Union of Women's Suffrage Societies, became the honorary treasurer of the Midland Region, she was made president of the Shropshire branch of the NUWSS in 1913. She was a member of the Church League for Women's Suffrage. In 1913 she proposed, organised, the Great Pilgrimage; the pilgrimage was a march along six routes to converge on Hyde Park, where there would be a rally. The march took place between 18 June and 26 July 1913.

In 1914 Harley volunteered to assist the war effort by serving as a nurse in France with the Scottish Women's Hospitals for Foreign Service, where she was awarded the Croix de Guerre. She became director of the hospital located in the Abbaye de Royaumont, 40 kilometers north of Paris, from January to April 1915 and directed the hospital installed under tents in the domaine de Chanteloup, Sainte-Savine, near Troyes, from June to October 1915. In late 1915 she transferred to Greece to nurse on the Balkan Front, she established a motorised ambulance unit which operated near the front line at night, despite district orders to the contrary. She rented a house in Monastir, Serbia after its capture, it was there, on 7 March 1917, that she was killed by shellfire, she has buried at the 10 of March the city of Thessaloniki, her funeral attended by General Milne—the commander of the British forces in the Balkans—and George, Crown Prince of Serbia

1966 Houston Astros season

The 1966 Houston Astros season was a season in American baseball. The team finished eighth in the National League with a record of 72–90, 23 games behind the Los Angeles Dodgers; this its first with a playing surface of AstroTurf. The infield portion was installed in March, the outfield was ready for play on July 19. November 29, 1965: 1965 rule 5 draft Nate Colbert was drafted by the Astros from the St. Louis Cardinals. Bob Saverine was drafted from the Astros by the Washington Senators. January 6, 1966: Johnny Weekly and cash were traded by the Astros to the New York Mets for Gary Kroll. Lee Maye, LF Sonny Jackson, SS Jimmy Wynn, CF Dave Nicholson, RF Joe Morgan, 2B Bob Aspromonte, 3B Chuck Harrison, 1B John Bateman, C Robin Roberts, P June 7, 1966: Fred Stanley was drafted by the Astros in the 8th round of the 1966 Major League Baseball draft. Note: Pos = Position. = Batting average. = Batting average.

Mitchell Park Zoo

Mitchell Park Zoo is known as Mitchell Park or Mitchell's Park. Situated in the Morningside suburb of Durban, South Africa, it is the only zoo in Durban; the zoo was established as an Ostrich farm in 1910, but was unprofitable and started adding other animals. At one time it was home to many large animals, the most notable of, an Indian Elephant named Nellie. Nellie was given to the zoo by the Maharajah of Mysore in 1928, could blow a mouth organ and crack coconuts with her feet. Today the Zoo holds various smaller animals such as blue duiker, small South American Monkeys and various birds; the largest animals in the zoo today are Aldabra giant tortoises. The zoo includes a children's playground, a walk-through aviary, the Blue Zoo tea garden, as well as a large lawn area for picnics, it is adjacent to Jameson Park, once a pineapple plantation and now displays some 200 species of roses. Suni Suricate Ground squirrel Banded mongoose White-eared marmosets Cotton-top tamarins Black-capped squirrel monkey Raccoons Various species of parrots Black-shouldered and white Indian peafowls Grey crowned cranes Black swans Silver pheasants Nicobar pigeons Scarlet ibisis Carolina wood ducks White imperial pigeons Official website

Henry Tizard

Sir Henry Thomas Tizard was an English chemist and Rector of Imperial College, who developed the modern "octane rating" used to classify petrol, helped develop radar in World War II, led the first serious studies of UFOs. Tizard was born in Gillingham, Kent in 1885, the only son of Thomas Henry Tizard, naval officer and hydrographer, his wife, Mary Elizabeth Churchward, his ambition to join the navy was thwarted by poor eyesight, he instead studied at Westminster School and Magdalen College, where he concentrated on mathematics and chemistry, doing work on indicators and the motions of ions in gases. Tizard graduated in 1908 and at his tutor's suggestion he spent time in Berlin, where he met and formed a close friendship with Frederick Alexander Lindemann an influential scientific advisor of Winston Churchill. In 1909, he became a researcher in the Davy–Faraday Laboratory of the Royal Institution, working on colour change indicators. In 1911, Tizard returned to Oxford as a tutorial fellow at Oriel College and to work as a demonstrator in the electrical laboratory.

Tizard was married on 24 April 1915 to Kathleen Eleanor, daughter of Arthur Prangley Wilson, a mining engineer. They had three sons: Sir Peter Mills Tizard KT, who became a professor of paediatrics at the University of London and Regius Professor of Physic at Oxford. "The secret of science", he once said, "is to ask the right question, it is the choice of problem more than anything else that marks the man of genius in the scientific world." Tizard's chosen problem became aeronautics. At the outbreak of World War I he was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the Royal Garrison Artillery on 17 October 1914 and later transferred to the Royal Flying Corps, where he became experimental equipment officer and learned to fly planes after his eyesight improved, he acted as his own test pilot for making aerodynamic observations. When his superior Bertram Hopkinson was moved to the Ministry of Munitions, Tizard went with him; when Hopkinson died in 1918, Tizard took over his post. Tizard served in the Royal Air Force from 1918 to 1919, ending the war at the rank of lieutenant colonel.

After the end of the war he was made Reader in Chemical Thermodynamics at Oxford University, where he experimented in the composition of fuel trying to find compounds which were resistant to freezing and less volatile, devising the concept of "toluene numbers" – now referred to as octane ratings. After this work he took up again a government post in 1920 as Assistant Secretary to the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research, his successes in this post included the establishment of the post of the Chemical Research Laboratory in Teddington, the appointment of Harry Wimperis as Director of Scientific Research to the Air Force and the decision to leave to become the President and Rector of Imperial College London in 1929, a position he held until 1942. In 1935 the development of radar in the United Kingdom was started by Tizard's Aeronautical Research Committee, doing the first experimental work at Orfordness near Ipswich before moving to the nearby Bawdsey Research Station in 1936. In 1938 Tizard persuaded Mark Oliphant, at Birmingham University, to drop some of his nuclear research and concentrate on development of an improved source of short-wave radiation.

This led to the invention by John Turton Randall and Harry Boot of the cavity magnetron, a major advance in radar technology, which in turn provided the basis for airborne interceptors using radar. In September 1940 after a top secret landmark conference with Winston Churchill at which his opposition to R. V. Jones' view that the Germans had established a system of radio-beam bombing aids over the UK had been overruled, Tizard led what became known as the Tizard Mission to the United States, which introduced to the US, among others, the newly invented resonant-cavity magnetron and other British radar developments, the Whittle gas turbine, the British Tube Alloys project. In 1946 Tizard remained in the defence establishment, chairing the Defence Research Policy Committee. In 1948 Tizard returned to the Ministry of Defence as Chief Scientific Adviser, a post he held until 1952; the Ministry of Defence's Nick Pope states that: The Ministry of Defence’s UFO Project has its roots in a study commissioned in 1950 by the MOD’s Chief Scientific Adviser, the great radar scientist Sir Henry Tizard.

As a result of his insistence that UFO sightings should not be dismissed without some form of proper scientific study, the department set up arguably the most marvellously-named committee in the history of the civil service, the Flying Saucer Working Party. Tizard had followed the official debate about ghost rockets with interest and was intrigued by the increasing media coverage of UFO sightings in the United Kingdom and other parts of the world. Using his authority as Chief Scientific Adviser at the MOD he decided that the subject should not be dismissed without proper, official investigation. Accordingly, he agreed that a small Directorate of Scientific Intelligence/Joint Technical Intelligence Committee working party should be set up to investigate the phenomenon; this was dubbed the Flying Saucer Working Party. The DSI/JTIC minutes recording this historic development read as follows: The Chairman said that Sir Henry Tizard felt that r

Teso people

The Iteso are an ethnic group in eastern Uganda and western Kenya. Teso refers to the traditional homeland of the Iteso, Ateso is their language. Iteso is plural and Atesot are singular. Etesot is for male person from Atesot is feminine. Iteso are believed to have migrated from Abyssinia. In Uganda, Iteso inhabit the districts of Soroti, Katakwi, Bukedea, Ngora, Kaberamaido, Tororo and Kalaki. Iteso are generous and hospitable people; the cultural drink of Iteso is'ajon' consumed in local ceremonies and social gatherings. They attach great value to land. Teso traditions relate, they are believed to have descended from the Hebrew Joseph. When the Israeli slaves left Egypt for the promised land, the group followed the blue Nile river into Ethiopia, they moved in a south easterly direction and settled in North Eastern Uganda, in what is now Karamoja. The word Karamoja lends itself into Karamojong which means " the old person is fatigued". Legend has it that either as a sect, a clan or of a similar tribal identity to the Karamojong, tt is from here that they obtained the name Iteso, a derivative word, meaning "graves".

The oldmen--the Karamojong--- where concerned even anxious that if these group of Karamojong moved on, they would die hence becoming "graves", from which the word "atesia" originates, the tribal name, took on. Some accounts indicate bible or scriptural influence where by the Iteso saw a land, part of the promise to Jacob, the grand son of Abraham, as a land divided by small rivers originating from the White Nile, theirs was the Upper Nile area. From the Ethiopian mountains is, they migrated south West over a period of centuries. They are part of a larger group of Nilo-Hamitic peoples; the Ateker further split into several groups, including Jie, Turkana and Teso. The Teso established themselves in present-day north-eastern Uganda and western Kenya near Mt.elgon, in the mid-18th century some began to move farther south. During the course of this latter migration, conflicts ensued with other ethnic groups in the region, leading to the split of Teso territory into a northern and southern part. Teso warriors In 1902, part of eastern Uganda was transferred to western Kenya - leading to further separation of Teso.

Northern Teso occupy the area known as Teso District in Uganda. Southern Teso live in the districts of Tororo and Busia in Uganda, Busia District in Kenya's Western Province. In Uganda, the Iteso live in Teso sub-region, i.e. the districts of Amuria, Butebo, Kapelebyong, Kumi, Ngora and Soroti, but in Bugiri and Pallisa, as well as in the districts of Tororo and Busia. They number about 3.2 million. Until 1980, they were the second largest ethnic group in Uganda; as of 2002 they were the fifth largest but this has remained questionable since there has never been any genocide that could have massacred more than a half of the Iteso populace. Most of the Iteso therefore contend. In fact the figure portrayed by UBOS is rather a political statement than an accurate recording of the Iteso in Uganda. Most Teso elites continue to argue that, since the national budget is disbursed based on population numbers, some individuals in government manipulate these figures to suit their political interests and as such, as long as the current NRM government continues in power, the national population census figures can never be accurate but rather will continue to serve selfish political interests in order to justify why some areas in the country like Teso, remain poor and underdeveloped.

The Iteso in Kenya, numbering about 578,000, live in Busia county. The Kenyan Teso people are an extension of their Ugandan counterparts in that they were separated by the partition of East Africa during the historic scramble and partition of Africa just like the Maasai of Kenya and Tanzania and the Oromo of Kenya and Ethiopia, they are among the Plain Nilotic groups related to the Turkana, Toposa, Kumam and the Maa groups of the Maasai and Samburu. The prominent people in Teso include the current governor of Busia County, Hon Sospeter Ojaamong, Hon Albert Ekirapa, Ojamaa Ojaamong, Oduya Oprong, Pancras Otwani, educationists like Isogol Titus, Silvester Silver Omunyu and student leaders like Titus Adungosi,Odula Ongaria Meshack Patrick Emongaise, Samson Iliwa and Opama Silas Okatagoro; the Iteso people are located in Western Province of Kenya in Busia County, in South of Mt. Elgon. In Busia county, they inhabit two subcounties Teso North and Teso South Subcounties. Still, a large number of them inhabit parts of Bungoma and Trans Nzoia Counties which are dominated by the Bukusu of the Luhya community.

Teso people are the only Plains Nilotic people. Having been pastoralists since time immemorial, these people are now the most successful farmers in both Western Kenya and Eastern Uganda. In recent years the people have changed much of their lifestyle, they used to exhume the dead after some time because of population pressure on their land and they n