Deception is an act or statement which misleads, hides the truth, or promotes a belief, concept, or idea, not true. It is done for personal gain or advantage. Deception can involve dissimulation and sleight of hand, as well as distraction, camouflage, or concealment. There is self-deception, as in bad faith, it can be called, with varying subjective implications, deceit, mystification, ruse, or subterfuge. Deception is a major relational transgression that leads to feelings of betrayal and distrust between relational partners. Deception is considered to be a negative violation of expectations. Most people expect friends, relational partners, strangers to be truthful most of the time. If people expected most conversations to be untruthful and communicating with others would require distraction and misdirection to acquire reliable information. A significant amount of deception occurs between some relational partners. Deceit and dishonesty can form grounds for civil litigation in tort, or contract law, or give rise to criminal prosecution for fraud.

It forms a vital part of psychological warfare in denial and deception. Deception includes several types of communications or omissions that serve to distort or omit the whole truth. Examples of deception range from false statements to misleading claims in which relevant information is omitted, leading the receiver to infer false conclusions. For example, a claim that'sunflower oil is beneficial to brain health due to the presence of omega-3 fatty acids' may be misleading, as it leads the receiver to believe sunflower oil will benefit brain health more so than other foods. In fact, sunflower oil is low in omega-3 fatty acids and is not good for brain health, so while this claim is technically true, it leads the receiver to infer false information. Deception itself is intentionally managing verbal or nonverbal messages so that the message receiver will believe in a way that the message sender knows is false. Intent is critical with regard to deception. Intent differentiates between an honest mistake.

The Interpersonal Deception Theory explores the interrelation between communicative context and sender and receiver cognitions and behaviors in deceptive exchanges. Some forms of deception include: Lies: making up information or giving information, the opposite or different from the truth. Equivocations: making an indirect, ambiguous, or contradictory statement. Concealments: omitting information, important or relevant to the given context, or engaging in behavior that helps hide relevant information. Exaggerations: overstatement or stretching the truth to a degree. Understatements: minimization or downplaying aspects of the truth. Untruthful: Also known as misinterpreting the truth. Many people believe that they are good at deception, though this confidence is misplaced. Buller and Burgoon have proposed three taxonomies to distinguish motivations for deception based on their Interpersonal Deception Theory: Instrumental: to avoid punishment or to protect resources Relational: to maintain relationships or bonds Identity: to preserve “face” or the self-image Deception detection between relational partners is difficult unless a partner tells a blatant or obvious lie or contradicts something the other partner knows to be true.

While it is difficult to deceive a partner over a long period of time, deception occurs in day-to-day conversations between relational partners. Detecting deception is difficult because there are no known reliable indicators of deception and because people reply on a truth-default state. Deception, places a significant cognitive load on the deceiver, he or she must recall previous statements so that his or her story remains consistent and believable. As a result, deceivers leak important information both verbally and nonverbally. Deception and its detection is a complex and cognitive process, based on the context of the message exchange; the interpersonal deception theory posits that interpersonal deception is a dynamic, iterative process of mutual influence between a sender, who manipulates information to depart from the truth, a receiver, who attempts to establish the validity of the message. A deceiver's actions are interrelated to the message receiver's actions, it is during this exchange that the deceiver will reveal verbal and nonverbal information about deceit.

Some research has found that there are some cues that may be correlated with deceptive communication, but scholars disagree about the effectiveness of many of these cues to serve as reliable indicators. Noted deception scholar Aldert Vrij states that there is no nonverbal behavior, uniquely associated with deception; as stated, a specific behavioral indicator of deception does not exist. There are, some nonverbal behaviors that have been found to be correlated with deception. Vrij found that examining a "cluster" of these cues was a more reliable indicator of deception than examining a single cue. Mark Frank proposes. Lying requires deliberate conscious behavior, so listening to speech and watching body language are important factors in detecting lies. If a response to a question has a lot disturbances, less talking time, repeated words, poor logical structure the person may be lying. Vocal cues such as frequency height and variation may provide meaningful clues to deceit. Fear causes heightened arousal in liars, which manifests in more frequent blinking, pupil dilation, speech distu

Sharvee Chaturvedi

Sharvee Chaturvedi is a fashion photographer, known for shooting Bollywood's first all-male calendar. She is touted as Subhash Ghai's and Dabboo Ratnani's protégé. Born and brought up in Kanpur, Sharvee Chaturvedi graduated in economics from St. Xavier's College, Mumbai, she finished her diploma in image production from the London College of Communication, University of Arts, London. Having learnt fine art photography under Girish Mistry's tutelage, Sharvee began her own career by dabbling in portrait, fine art and actor portfolios, she has assisted popular celebrity photographer Dabboo Ratnani. 2015 Sharvee Chaturvedi shot her debut calendar photography album for the year 2015, featuring 12 Bollywood actors including Ali Fazal, Gulshan Devaiah, Varun Sharma, Shiv Panditt, Chandan Roy Sanyal, Satyajeet Dubey, Dhruv Ganesh, Sumit Suri, Anil Mange, Jitin Gulati, Anshuman Jha. The calendar was unveiled by Subhash Ghai, a famous Bollywood filmmaker and producer; the theme of the calendar was'Life in a Dot' and it was aptly titled'Bollywood Tomorrow', as it showcased each actor's journey in Bollywood.

It revolved around ideas of human emotions, culture, hope and visions of tomorrow. 2016 She plans to continue shooting annual calendars featuring creative themes. Official website Calendar Launch


Chakunta is a village in Telangana state of India. It is located in Choppadandi mandal of Karimnagar District. Chakunta's population is 2466, including 1279 females; the village is locally famous for its Venkateswara Swamy temple. The annual fair associated with the temple attracts tens of thousands during the time of Brahmotsavam; the village has 633 houses, its total area is 483 hectares. Telugu is the local language. Chakunta is a gram panchayat; the village is administrated by a Sarpanch, elected representative of village. Chakunta is located 17 km from 5 km from Choppadandi. Karimnagar is the nearest town, is connected to Chakunta by road. Chakunta's PIN code is 505415 and it comes under the Choppadandi postal head office. Venkateswar Swamy temple of Chakunta is famous and it is located north-west part of the village; every year the temple celebrates jathara more than 10000 devotees visit. Official website