Yitzhak Rabin was an Israeli politician and general. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, 1974–77 and 1992 until his assassination in 1995. Rabin was born in Jerusalem to Ukrainian-Jewish immigrants and was raised in a Labor Zionist household, he excelled as a student. He led a 27-year career as a soldier; as a teenager he joined the commando force of the Yishuv. He rose through its ranks to become its chief of operations during Israel's War of Independence, he joined the newly formed Israel Defense Forces in late 1948 and continued to rise as a promising officer. He helped shape the training doctrine of the IDF in the early 1950s, led the IDF's Operations Directorate from 1959 to 1963, he was appointed Chief of the General Staff in 1964 and oversaw Israel's victory in the 1967 Six-Day War. Rabin served as Israel's ambassador to the United States from 1968 to 1973, during a period of deepening U. S.–Israel ties. He was appointed Prime Minister of Israel after the resignation of Golda Meir.
In his first term, Rabin ordered the Entebbe raid. He resigned in 1977 in the wake of a financial scandal. Rabin was Israel's minister of defense for much of the 1980s, including during the outbreak of the First Intifada. In 1992, Rabin was re-elected as prime minister on a platform embracing the Israeli–Palestinian peace process, he signed several historic agreements with the Palestinian leadership as part of the Oslo Accords. In 1994, Rabin won the Nobel Peace Prize together with long-time political rival Shimon Peres and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat. Rabin signed a peace treaty with Jordan in 1994. In November 1995, he was assassinated by an extremist named Yigal Amir, who opposed the terms of the Oslo Accords. Amir was convicted of Rabin's murder. Rabin was the first native-born prime minister of Israel, the only prime minister to be assassinated and the second to die in office after Levi Eshkol. Rabin has become a symbol of the Israeli–Palestinian peace process. Rabin was born at Shaare Zedek Medical Center in Jerusalem on 1 March 1922, Mandatory Palestine, to Nehemiah and Rosa Rabin, immigrants of the Third Aliyah, the third wave of Jewish immigration to Palestine from Europe.
Nehemiah was born Nehemiah Rubitzov in the shtetl Sydorovychi near Ivankiv in the southern Pale of Settlement. His father Menachem died when he was a boy, Nehemiah worked to support his family from an early age. At the age of 18, he emigrated to the United States, where he joined the Poale Zion party and changed his surname to Rabin. In 1917, Nehemiah Rabin went to Mandatory Palestine with a group of volunteers from the Jewish Legion. Yitzhak's mother, Rosa Cohen, was born in 1890 in Mogilev in Belarus, her father, a rabbi, opposed the Zionist movement and sent Rosa to a Christian high school for girls in Gomel, which gave her a broad general education. Early on, Rosa took an interest in social causes. In 1919, she traveled to Palestine on the steamship Ruslan. After working on a kibbutz on the shores of the Sea of Galilee, she moved to Jerusalem. Rabin's parents met in Jerusalem during the 1920 Nebi Musa riots, they moved to Tel Aviv's Chlenov Street near Jaffa in 1923. Nehemiah became a worker for the Palestine Electric Corporation and Rosa was an accountant and local activist.
She became a member of the Tel Aviv City Council. The family moved again in 1931 to a two-room apartment on Hamagid Street in Tel Aviv. Rabin grew up in Tel Aviv, he enrolled in the Tel Aviv Beit Hinuch Leyaldei Ovdim in 1928 and completed his studies there in 1935. The school taught the children agriculture as well as Zionism. Rabin received good marks in school, but he was so shy that few people knew he was intelligent. In 1935, Rabin enrolled at an agricultural school on kibbutz Givat Hashlosha that his mother founded, it was here in 1936 at the age of 14 that Rabin joined the Haganah and received his first military training, learning how to use a pistol and stand guard. He joined HaNoar HaOved. In 1937, he enrolled at the two-year Kadoorie Agricultural High School, he excelled in a number of agriculture-related subjects but disliked studying English language—the language of the British "enemy." He aspired to be an irrigation engineer, but his interest in military affairs intensified in 1938, when the ongoing Arab revolt worsened.
A young Haganah sergeant named Yigal Allon a general in the IDF and prominent politician, trained Rabin and others at Kadoorie. Rabin finished at Kadoorie in August 1940. For part of 1939, the British closed Kadoorie, Rabin joined Allon as a military policeman at Kibbutz Ginosar until the school re-opened; when he finished school, Rabin considered studying irrigation engineering on scholarship at the University of California, although he decided to stay and fight in Palestine. Rabin married Leah Schlossberg during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Leah Rabin was working at the time as a reporter for a Palmach newspaper, they had two children and Yuval. Rabin was non-religious. In 1941, during his practical training at kibbutz Ramat Yohanan, Rabin joined the newly formed Palmach section of the Haganah, under the influence of Yigal Allon. Rabin could not yet operate a machine gun, drive a ca
Mark Jansen, is a Dutch guitarist and songwriter. A prominent figure in the symphonic metal subgenre, he is known for his work with the bands After Forever, MaYaN; as guitarist, Jansen founded After Forever with Sander Gommans, was one of the main songwriters since their debut album Prison of Desire. He left After Forever in 2002, after his departure, the band took a new musical direction. Jansen started a new symphonic metal band called Sahara Dust, renamed Epica, his girlfriend at the time, Simone Simons, joined the band in 2003. In both After Forever and Epica, he has performed growled vocals, complementing the vocals of Floor Jansen and Simone Simons. In 2010, Jansen announced that he and former After Forever keyboardist Jack Driessen have formed another band called MaYaN. Unlike his other bands, Jansen does not play guitar; the band released their debut album Quarterpast in spring 2011. Jansen has launched the international musical project United Metal Minds. Jansen has a master's degree in psychology.
His girlfriend is Laura Macrì. In the past, he had a relationship with Simone Simons. Prison of Desire Decipher "Follow in the Cry" "Emphasis/Who Wants to Live Forever" "Monolith of Doubt" The Phantom Agony Consign to Oblivion The Divine Conspiracy Design Your Universe Requiem for the Indifferent The Quantum Enigma The Holographic Principle "The Phantom Agony" "Feint" "Cry for the Moon" "Solitary Ground" "Quietus" "Never Enough" "Chasing the Dragon" "Unleashed" "Martyr of the Free Word" "This is the Time" "Storm the Sorrow" "Forevermore" "Essence of Silence" "Unchain Utopia" We Will Take You with Us Retrospect Cry for the Moon The Score – An Epic Journey The Road to Paradiso The Classical Conspiracy Quarterpast Antagonise Adyta – "The Cognition Concept" in Katarsis Diabulus in Musica – "Blazing a Trail" in The Wanderer ReVamp – "Misery's No Crime" in Wild Card AGES – "Heinous Nemesis" Countermove: The Power of Love Charity single for The Red Cross by Frankie Goes to Hollywood – vocals Carthagods – "a last sigh" in Carthagods 3rd Machine – "Ultimate Intelligence" in Quantified Self AKHETH - "The Asylum" Dream Ocean - "Never Enough" in Lost Love Symphony http://echoesanddust.com/2016/09/interview-mark-jansen-and-simone-simons-of-epica/ http://www.blabbermouth.net/news/epicas-mark-jansen-offers-update-on-next-album/ http://loudwire.com/epica-simone-simons-mark-jansen-would-you-rather/ Profile at the official Epica site Interview with Mark Jansen Mark Jansen introduces "Kingdom of Heaven" on YouTube Mark Jansen introduces "Kingdom of Heaven" on YouTube Mark Jansen interview – Getting Sander for The Divine Conspiracy on YouTube Mark Jansen interview – Relationship with Simone on YouTube
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Metal Hammer is a monthly heavy metal and rock music magazine, published in the United Kingdom by Future and in several other countries by different publishers. Metal Hammer articles feature both mainstream bands and more unusual acts from the whole spectrum of heavy metal music. On 19 December 2016, then-Metal Hammer owner TeamRock called in the magazine's administrators about a layoff of 73 jobs after experiencing financial difficulties. TeamRock's stable of titles, including Classic Rock, Metal Hammer and Prog, suspended publication that same month. On 8 January 2017, Metal Hammer, along with sister magazines Classic Rock and Prog, were bought from TeamRock by their previous owners, Future Publishing, for £800,000. On 27 March 2018, the family of Future's UK consumer music magazines including Metal Hammer re-branded and became covered under the umbrella title of Louder, with loudersound.com serving as the main online portal for the publications. London-based Wilfried F. Rimensberger instigated the concept of MetalHammer magazine in 1983.
At the time, he suggested to the infant Kerrang! magazine in London that they should publish a German version, but the editors of the time were not interested. Rimensberger took the idea to Jürgen Wigginghaus, publisher of German MusikSzene magazine where Rimensberger was chief editor, proposed the idea of a multi-lingual rock music publication, he approached some of Europe's largest publishers such as Springer and Bauer, but none were interested. Wigginghaus used the Dortmunder Rocknacht as a test ground for the publication in Germany and Rimensberger started the international English version Metalhammer UK from London, he developed the multilingual concept that propelled the magazine to a monthly circulation of over 1 million and, during its peak, published in 11 different languages across the globe – at the time outselling Kerrang!. Metalhammer had local language editions in Israel, Serbia, The Netherlands, Poland, France. Metalhammer was the first Western youth publication in the Soviet Union.
Rimensberger made up the original and, at the time, unique concept of a heavy metal lifestyle magazine, embedded in a network of Metalhammer-branded multi-national radio shows, tours and recordings. This organization made the publication into the leading genre platform of the 1980s – and the global leader in his segment of the publishing market. Rimensberger, who started and owned Metalhammer UK Ltd and the registered rights of the name sold them to Wigginghaus whilst remaining in the background until the early nineties as an adviser to Wigginghaus. Rimensberger was the promoter of the first Metalhammer Lorelei Festival, with leading metal acts such as Metallica, Motörhead and Venom, it was he. Rimensberger linked the name Metal Hammer with other successful brands such as the BBC, MTV Metal Show with Bailey Brothers and Castle Donington Monsters of Rock Festival. Harry Doherty of Melody Maker, became the launch editor of the English-language Metal Hammer producing the Metal Hammer TV show on satellite television.
He left to found the video magazine Hard'n'Heavy, before being asked back by Wigginghaus to take over all the European issues of Metal Hammer and other associated magazines, such as Rock World. In association with Picture Music International, the video arm of EMI Records, Doherty launched the Metal Hammer Video Magazine, in direct competition with his earlier creation, Hard'n'Heavy. Doherty left after a management dispute with Wigginghaus. Harry Doherty's original personal assistant Sue Powell went on to manage the London-based offices under Wilfried F. Rimensberger. Rimensberger joined the start-up crew of MTV Europe as a consultant to the director of network development, he became a co-producer of Tom Galley's Phenomena project, organising its worldwide record deal and linking it with some of the best rock musicians and singers. He co-produced with Galley Dream Runner, Phenomena's best-selling album which has become somewhat of a rock classic, uniting the best rock voices of the time on one studio album.
Rimensberger represented Stiletto Entertainment Los Angeles in Europe, produced Nina Corti at the Royal Albert Hall and various TV productions for Swiss, German and UK TV. He is the sourcing producer of Barry Manilow's movie project and Broadway-bound musical Harmony, the founder of The Children's Arts Academy and the producer of further cross-culture based projects such as'Europa - The Woman′ and EuropeanIcons. In the 1990s, Wigginghaus lost control over the publication and, advised by Rimensberger, sold the German edition to Jürg Marquart, the publisher of Penthouse and Cosmopolitan magazines in Germany. Wigginghaus sold the remaining UK publication to cover personal financial liabilities. With their November 2011 issue, the magazine celebrated "25 years of keeping it heavy"; the Golden Gods Awards were established in 2003 by Chris Ingham from TeamRock.com. The annual ceremony takes place in United Kingdom. Metal Hammer in the UK includes its website and iPhone application which both feature original and exclusive content from news and interviews to multimedia and Metal Hammer TV.
The Metal Hammer Podcast was presented by James Gill and Terry Bezer and contained "All of the news, general rantings and reviews" of the week. Gill and Beez coined the phrase "You Clahn"; as of June 2011, Bezer has left Metal Hammer to pursue work elsewhere, was replaced on the podcast by
Prison of Desire
Prison of Desire is the debut album by Dutch symphonic metal band After Forever. It was released in 2000 in Europe; the album contains the first three installments of "The Embrace That Smothers" collection of songs by Mark Jansen. This collection of songs deals with the influence and distortion of religion in human society, a theme which continues in the Epica albums The Phantom Agony and The Divine Conspiracy; the final track, "Beyond Me", features a guest appearance of Sharon den Adel, lead singer in Within Temptation. The album was re-released in June 2008 as a 2-disc set by the re-financed Transmission Records. Sander Gommans has urged fans not to buy this re-release through the band's official forum. All music composed by Floor Jansen, except "Mea Culpa" by M. Jansen. Band membersFloor Jansen – soprano Mark Jansen – guitar, grunts Sander Gommans – guitar, grunts Jack Driessen – keyboards Luuk van Gerven – bass guitar Joep Beckers – drumsAdditional musiciansSharon den Adel - vocals on "Beyond Me" Hans Cassa, Caspar de Jonge, Yvonne Rooda, Melissa't Hart - choirProductionHans Pieters, Dennis Leidelmeijer - producers, engineers Oscar Holleman - choir producer and engineer, mixing Hans van Vuuren - executive producer and research Peter van't Riet - mastering
Sander Gommans is a Dutch musician. He founded the symphonic metal band Apocalypse with Mark Jansen in 1995, which changed its name to After Forever, he did the grunting parts in the band. He was the main writer of After Forever's music. After recording all guitars for the album Rise of the Warrior by Anna Phoebe, he has undertaken a project called HDK, signed to Season of Mist, he is the additional lead guitarist on Kiske/Somerville, an album by the German singer, keyboard player and guitarist Michael Kiske and the American singer-songwriter and vocal coach Amanda Somerville. In 2010 he co-wrote a solo album of Primal Fear's lead vocalist Ralf Scheepers. Resulting from his partnership with Amanda Somerville on HDK and Kiske/Somerville, Sander became one of the main members of Amanda's self heavy metal-oriented project called Trillium, which first album Alloy was released in fall 2011 by the record company Frontiers Records, he has released a new HDK album and he owns, together with longtime friend Paul Simons, a music company called "The Rock Station", which consists out of a music academy, a music studio, music management and music merchandise.
On August 19, 2013, it was revealed that Gommans was engaged to be married to Amanda Somerville, the pair were married in July 2014. On January 8, 2015, she announced that Sander Gommans are expecting their first child. In July 2015, their daughter, Lana Elise Gommans, was born. Prison of Desire Decipher Exordium Invisible Circles Remagine After Forever Exordium "Follow in the Cry" "Emphasis/Who Wants to Live Forever" "Monolith of Doubt" "My Choice/The Evil That Men Do" "Digital Deceit" "Being Everyone" "Two Sides/Boundaries Are Open" "Energize Me" "Equally Destructive" Ephemeral Wings of Illusion Mea Culpa System Overload Serenades of the Netherworld Alloy Tectonic Epica - The Divine Conspiracy - vocals on "Death of a Dream ~ The Embrace That Smothers part VII" Anna Phoebe - Rise of the Warrior - guitars Kiske/Somerville - Kiske/Somerville - writing credits and guitars Ralf Scheepers - Scheepers - writing credits and guitars MaYaN - Quarterpast - writing credits on "Bite the Bullet" Aeverium - The Harvest - producing on "Heaven's Burning" Kiske/Somerville - City of Heroes - writing credits on Breaking Neptune Beyond the Black - Songs of Love and Death - backing vocals and shouts on "Hallelujah" Sander Gommans @ Myspace Sander Gommans on Facebook The Rock Station The Rock Station on Facebook
A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from musical form and musical style, although in practice these terms are sometimes used interchangeably. Academics have argued that categorizing music by genre is inaccurate and outdated. Music can be divided into different genres in many different ways; the artistic nature of music means that these classifications are subjective and controversial, some genres may overlap. There are varying academic definitions of the term genre itself. In his book Form in Tonal Music, Douglass M. Green distinguishes between form, he lists madrigal, canzona and dance as examples of genres from the Renaissance period. To further clarify the meaning of genre, Green writes, "Beethoven's Op. 61 and Mendelssohn's Op. 64 are identical in genre – both are violin concertos – but different in form. However, Mozart's Rondo for Piano, K. 511, the Agnus Dei from his Mass, K. 317 are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."
Some, like Peter van der Merwe, treat the terms genre and style as the same, saying that genre should be defined as pieces of music that share a certain style or "basic musical language." Others, such as Allan F. Moore, state that genre and style are two separate terms, that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can differentiate between genres. A music genre or subgenre may be defined by the musical techniques, the style, the cultural context, the content and spirit of the themes. Geographical origin is sometimes used to identify a music genre, though a single geographical category will include a wide variety of subgenres. Timothy Laurie argues that since the early 1980s, "genre has graduated from being a subset of popular music studies to being an ubiquitous framework for constituting and evaluating musical research objects". Among the criteria used to classify musical genres are the trichotomy of art and traditional musics. Alternatively, music can be divided on three variables: arousal and depth.
Arousal reflects the energy level of the music. These three variables help explain why many people like similar songs from different traditionally segregated genres. Musicologists have sometimes classified music according to a trichotomic distinction such as Philip Tagg's "axiomatic triangle consisting of'folk','art' and'popular' musics", he explains that each of these three is distinguishable from the others according to certain criteria. The term art music refers to classical traditions, including both contemporary and historical classical music forms. Art music exists in many parts of the world, it emphasizes formal styles that invite technical and detailed deconstruction and criticism, demand focused attention from the listener. In Western practice, art music is considered a written musical tradition, preserved in some form of music notation rather than being transmitted orally, by rote, or in recordings, as popular and traditional music are. Most western art music has been written down using the standard forms of music notation that evolved in Europe, beginning well before the Renaissance and reaching its maturity in the Romantic period.
The identity of a "work" or "piece" of art music is defined by the notated version rather than by a particular performance, is associated with the composer rather than the performer. This is so in the case of western classical music. Art music may include certain forms of jazz, though some feel that jazz is a form of popular music. Sacred Christian music forms an important part of the classical music tradition and repertoire, but can be considered to have an identity of its own; the term popular music refers to any musical style accessible to the general public and disseminated by the mass media. Musicologist and popular music specialist Philip Tagg defined the notion in the light of sociocultural and economical aspects: Popular music, unlike art music, is conceived for mass distribution to large and socioculturally heterogeneous groups of listeners and distributed in non-written form, only possible in an industrial monetary economy where it becomes a commodity and in capitalist societies, subject to the laws of'free' enterprise... it should ideally sell as much as possible.
Popular music is found on most commercial and public service radio stations, in most commercial music retailers and department stores, in movie and television soundtracks. It is noted on the Billboard charts and, in addition to singer-songwriters and composers, it involves music producers more than other genres do; the distinction between classical and popular music has sometimes been blurred in marginal areas such as minimalist music and light classics. Background music for films/movies draws on both traditions. In this respect, music is like fiction, which draws a distinction between literary fiction and popular fiction, not always precise. Country music known as country and western, hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s; the polka is a Czech dance and genre of dance music familiar throughout Europe and the Americas. Rock music is a broad genre of popular music that originated as "rock and roll" in the United States in the early 1950s, developed into a range of different styles in the 1960s and particular