Snow Patrol are a rock band from Northern Ireland, formed in Dundee, Scotland in 1994, consisting of Gary Lightbody, Nathan Connolly, Paul Wilson, Jonny Quinn, Johnny McDaid. An indie rock band, the band rose to prominence in the early-mid 2000s as part of the post-Britpop movement; the band were founded at the University of Dundee in 1994 by Lightbody, Michael Morrison, Mark McClelland as Shrug. After using the name Polarbear, releasing the EP Starfighter Pilot and losing Morrison as a member, the band became Snow Patrol in 1997 and added Quinn to its line-up, their first two studio albums, Songs for Polarbears and When It's All Over We Still Have to Clear Up, were commercially unsuccessful and were released by the independent record label Jeepster Records. The band signed to the major record label Polydor Records in 2002. Connolly joined Snow Patrol in 2002, after their major-label debut album, Final Straw, the following year, the band rose to national fame; the album was certified 5× platinum in the UK and sold over 3 million copies worldwide.
Their next studio album, Eyes Open, its hit single, "Chasing Cars", propelled the band to greater international fame. The album topped the UK Albums Chart and was the best-selling British album of the year, selling over 6 million copies worldwide. In 2008, the band released A Hundred Million Suns; the band released their seventh album, Wildness, on 25 May 2018. During the course of their career, Snow Patrol have won seven Meteor Ireland Music Awards and have been nominated for six Brit Awards. Since the release of Final Straw, the band have sold over 16 million records worldwide. Snow Patrol were formed in early 1994 by University of Dundee students Gary Lightbody, Michael Morrison and Mark McClelland under the name Shrug; the band started by surrounding pubs such as Lucifer's Mill. Their first EP was entitled "The Yogurt vs. Yoghurt Debate." In 1996, they changed their name to Polar Bear to avoid issues with any American bands that were named Shrug. Shortly afterwards, drummer Michael Morrison left the band after suffering a breakdown and returned to Northern Ireland.
In mid-1997, Polar Bear released Starfighter Pilot, on the Electric Honey label. The band again renamed, this time to Snow Patrol in 1997, because of a naming conflict with another band of the same name fronted by Jane's Addiction's ex-bassist Eric Avery. At this point, Jonny Quinn, from Northern Ireland, joined as permanent drummer. Snow Patrol joined independent label Jeepster in home of Belle & Sebastian. Jeepster had the same idea for Snow Patrol as the approach they had with Belle & Sebastian, who had become popular by word-of-mouth, without heavy promotion; the band were happy to be associated with an indie label, because it provided them greater independence than a major label. At that time, they were quoted as saying they expected Jeepster wouldn't expect them to have a strict work ethic or focus too much on promotional efforts. Snow Patrol's debut album was Songs for Polarbears, released in 1998 after the band had started living in Glasgow. Lightbody was working at the Nice n Sleazy's Bar in Sauchiehall Street.
The album did not make any impact commercially. The same year, the band came close to getting featured in a worldwide advertisement for Philips. Gomez was signed. In 1999, the band won the "Phil Lynott Award for Best New Band" by Irish music magazine Hot Press. In 2001, still living in Glasgow, the band followed up with When It's All Over We Still Have to Clear Up. Like its predecessor, the album did not sell; the band continued to be in control. They slept on fans' floors after concerts and pretended to be members of Belle & Sebastian to get into nightclubs, they owed rent to their landlords and used to receive regular visits and letters from them when on tour. After the failure of the second album, the band began to realise that the label's lax attitude towards management and record promotion, qualities that had attracted the band to Jeepster, was holding them back; the band's manager at the time was Danny McIntosh. Lightbody has described him as "the angriest man in pop: great, great man", he has said that he loved the band "with every atom in his body", was never angry towards them.
He has credited him with keeping the band together in those years. McIntosh had a gold coloured splitter bus. Jeepster dropped Snow Patrol in 2001, a decision, criticised by Hot Press magazine as brainless. By July 2001, many major labels had started showing interest in Snow Patrol, but the band were cash-strapped and had no record deal. Lightbody sold a major part of his record collection to raise money to keep the band going. Lightbody was confident of getting signed to another label quickly. However, the music scene in the United Kingdom had turned its attention to American bands and British bands were not getting signed; the band spent this time writing songs. Lightbody, bored at this point, assembled The Reindeer Section, a Scottish supergroup, found a record label to release the group's recordings. Quinn said that though the time was hard for everyone involved except for Nathan, the question of splitting up never arose, it was during this time the band wrote "Run" in a roo
Planxty is an Irish folk music band formed in January 1972, consisting of Christy Moore, Andy Irvine, Dónal Lunny, Liam O'Flynn. They transformed and popularized Irish folk music and recording to great acclaim. Subsequently, Johnny Moynihan, Paul Brady, Matt Molloy, Bill Whelan, Nollaig Casey and Noel Hill and Tony Linnane were temporary members. Planxty broke up twice, first in December 1975 and again in April 1983; the original quartet reunited in October 2003 and their final performance was on 31 January 2005. Christy Moore and Dónal Lunny had been friends since school days in Newbridge, County Kildare, Lunny having taught Moore how to play both guitar and bodhrán. Before the formation of Planxty, Lunny had been playing in a duet with Andy Irvine after the latter's return from Eastern Europe and they had launched their own folk club, downstairs at Slaterry's, called The Mugs Gig. Liam O'Flynn was playing in public and on the radio, was well respected in traditional folk circles. All members were familiar with one another’s work to varying degrees, but were first brought together during the summer of 1971 to record Moore's second solo album, Prosperous, at his sister's house, in the village of the same name.
In January 1972, the four joined forces to form Planxty, recording their first single, "Three Drunken Maidens"/"Sí-Bheag, Sí-Mhór", in Trend Studios on 18 January 1972. The band performed on RTÉ's The Late, Late Show the following Saturday, played their first show on 6 March, a 30-minute set at The Mugs Gig on a bill that included balladeer Paddy Reilly, they assumed a weekly residency at The Mugs Gig, began rehearsing, started playing live around Ireland. The group's first major performance–opening for Donovan at the Hangar in Galway, at Easter 1972–was a huge success. Neither the audience nor the band knew what to expect, both were pleasantly surprised. Irvine, unable to see the audience through the glare of the stage lights, was worried that the crowd might be on the verge of rioting, it took him several minutes to realize that what he was hearing was the expression of their enthusiasm. A rough quality recording of the song "Raggle Taggle Gypsy" from this concert was included on the 2004 retrospective, Christy Moore – The Box Set: 1964–2004, complete with the audience's reaction.
Planxty’s first single, "Three Drunken Maidens", was released by their manager Des Kelly’s label, Ruby Records, reaching no. 7 in the Irish charts. The next single, a re-recording of "The Cliffs of Dooneen" recorded for the Prosperous album, made it to no. 3. Two full albums followed: Planxty, recorded at Command Studios in London during September 1972, The Well Below the Valley, recorded at the Escape Studios in Kent, from 18 June 1973; the group’s increasing popularity led to heavy touring throughout Ireland, France, Italy and northern Europe. Tired of constant touring and wishing to explore other musical avenues, Lunny left Planxty at the start of September 1973, playing his last gig with the band at the Edinburgh Festival, he would end up a member of The Bothy Band. Johnny Moynihan, who had played with Irvine in Sweeney's Men, joined at this point, playing mandolin, fiddle, tin whistle and singing; this line-up, with contributions from Lunny, would record Planxty’s third album, Cold Blow and the Rainy Night in Sarm Studios, Whitechapel in London during August 1974.
Next to leave, shortly after the making of this album, was Moore, who had a desire to return to his solo career and perform from a larger repertoire of songs. The split was amicable, while Paul Brady was recruited to fill the gap in September 1974, Moore stayed on with him in the band until October. After his departure, the Irvine/Moynihan/Brady/O’Flynn line-up toured extensively, but released no recordings before playing their final show in Brussels on 5 December 1975. After the break-up, Moynihan retreated into obscurity, continuing to perform but recording. Irvine and Brady toured together as a duo and, in August 1976, recorded an album at the Rockfield Studios, Andy Irvine/Paul Brady, produced by Lunny who plays on most tracks, with Kevin Burke on fiddle. For a while, Irvine continued to tour with Brady in Ireland and in the UK, with Mick Hanly, predominantly in Europe. In 1978, Brady released a solo album including Irvine, Tommy Peoples and Lunny, who produced it; the original four members of Planxty, continued to encounter each other on the stage, in the studio.
This led to a reunion encouraged by music promoter Kevin Flynn, who would become their manager. They were joined this time by Matt Molloy, a member of The Bothy Band with Lunny and was a close friend of O'Flynn's. Starting rehearsals at Molloy’s home on Tuesday, 19 September 1978, this line-up would go on a mammoth European tour the following year, from 15 April to 11 June 1979, during which the band played forty-seven concerts in fifty-eight days, in the UK, Switzerland, Belgium and Ireland. From 18 to 30 June 1979, Planxty recorded their fourth album, After the Break, at the Windmill Lane Studios in Dublin, produced by Lunny and released on the Tara Records label. Molloy would leave the group to join The Chieftains shortly after the album was recorded, remains with them to this day. In between the Planxty activity, Irvine squeezed in tours in Europe with Lunny, Mick Hanly and Gerry O'Beirne, he recorded his first solo album, Rainy Sundays... Windy Dreams, at Windmill Lane Studios in lat
Sir John Phillip William Dankworth, CBE known as Johnny Dankworth, was an English jazz composer, saxophonist and writer of film scores. With his wife, jazz singer Dame Cleo Laine, he was a music educator and her music director. Born in Woodford, Essex, he grew up, within a family of musicians, in Hollywood Way, Highams Park, a suburb of Chingford, attended Selwyn Boys' School in Highams Park and Sir George Monoux Grammar School in Walthamstow, he had violin and piano lessons before settling on the clarinet at the age of 16, after hearing a record of the Benny Goodman Quartet. Soon afterwards, inspired by Johnny Hodges, he learned to play the alto saxophone, he began his career on the British jazz scene after studying at London's Royal Academy of Music and national service in the Royal Air Force, during which he played alto sax and clarinet for RAF Music Services. He played with Charlie Parker. Parker's comments about Dankworth led to the engagement of the young British jazz musician for a short tour of Sweden with the soprano-saxophonist Sidney Bechet.
In 1949, Dankworth was voted Musician of the Year. In 1950, Dankworth formed a small group, the Dankworth Seven, as a vehicle for his writing activities as well as a showcase for several young jazz players, including himself, Jimmy Deuchar, Eddie Harvey, Don Rendell, Bill Le Sage, Eric Dawson and Tony Kinsey. Vocalist and percussionist Frank Holder sang and recorded with this ensemble. After three successful years, the group was wound up, although it re-formed for several reunions over the years. Dankworth formed his big band in 1953; the band was soon earning plaudits from the critics and was invited to the 1959 Newport Jazz Festival, the first British group to receive an invite. The New York Times critic said of this appearance "Mr. Dankworth's group... showed the underlying merit that made big bands successful many years ago – the swinging drive, the harmonic colour and the support in depth for soloists, possible when a disciplined, imaginatively directed band has worked together for a long time.
This English group has a flowing, rhythmic drive that has disappeared from American bands". More succinctly, Gerard Lascelles of The Tatler, noted that'The Dankworth orchestra blew magnificently'; the band performed at the Birdland jazz club in New York City, shortly afterwards shared the stage with the Duke Ellington Orchestra for a number of concerts. Dankworth's band performed at a jazz event at New York's Lewisohn stadium where Louis Armstrong joined them for a set. By now, Cleo Laine's singing was a regular feature of Dankworth's recordings and public appearances. After her divorce from George Langridge became final, in 1957, Dankworth married Cleo in secret at Hampstead Registry Office in 1958; the only witnesses at the wedding were Johnny's friend, pianist Ken Moule, arranger David Lindup. In 1959, Dankworth became chair of the Stars Campaign for Inter-Racial Friendship, set up to combat the fascist White Defence League. In 1961, Dankworth's recording of Galt MacDermot's "African Waltz" reached the UK Singles Chart, peaked at No.
9, remained in the chart for 21 weeks. American altoist Cannonball Adderley sought and received Dankworth's permission to record the arrangement and had a minor hit in the US as a result; the piece was covered by many other groups. In 1967 drummer Ronnie Stephenson's part on "African Waltz" was adapted by the Jimi Hendrix Experience's Mitch Mitchell to form the basis of the drum part on "Manic Depression". Dankworth's friendship with trumpeter Clark Terry led to Terry's being a featured soloist on Dankworth's 1964 album The Zodiac Variations, together with Bob Brookmeyer, Zoot Sims, Phil Woods, Lucky Thompson and other guests. Other Dankworth recordings during this period featured many other respected jazz names; some were full-time members of the Dankworth band at one time or another, like Tony Coe, Mike Gibbs, Peter King, Dudley Moore, George Tyndale, Daryl Runswick, John Taylor and Kenny Wheeler, while others such as Dave Holland, John McLaughlin, Tubby Hayes and Dick Morrissey were occasional participants.
Dankworth began a second career as a composer of television scores. Among his best-known credits are the original themes for two British TV programmes, The Avengers and Tomorrow's World, he wrote the scores for the films Darling and Modesty Blaise and Morgan: A Suitable Case for Treatment. He appeared in the film All Night Long alongside Dave Brubeck and Charles Mingus – playing himself - and played on the theme to the satirical BBC show The Frost Report in 1966. Dankworth was commissioned to write a piece for the 1967 Farnham Festival. During this active period of recording, the Dankworth band found time for frequent live appearances and radio shows, including tours in Britain and Europe with Nat King Cole, Sarah Vaughan and Gerry Mulligan, concerts and radio performances with Lionel Hampton and Ella Fitzgerald. Dankworth's friendship with Duke Ellington continued until the latter's death in 1974, he recorded an album of symphonic arrangements of many Ellington tunes featuring another Ellingtonian trumpet soloist Barry Lee Hall.
Dankworth retained his Ellington links by performing with the Ellington Orchestra under the direction of Duke's son, Mercer Ellington. Dankworth recorded various symphonic albu
Olympia Theatre, Dublin
The Olympia Theatre is a concert hall and theatre venue in Dublin, located in Dame Street. The venue has played host to many well-known international artists down through the years such as Adele, Charlie Chaplin, Billy Connolly, David Bowie and Hardy, Gary Numan and the best of Irish talent like Westlife and its lead vocalists Shane Filan and Mark Feehily. Dublin's Olympia Theatre started out as The Star of Erin Music Hall in 1879; the theatre was built on the site of a former saloon and music hall called Connell's Monster Saloon in 1855. It was renamed Dan Lowrey's Music Hall in 1881. In 1889 it was renamed again, this time to Dan Lowrey's Palace of Varieties, it was designated its present-day title in 1923. The venue has hosted both domestic and international acts, including: Adele, Barenaked Ladies, David Bowie, Charlie Chaplin, Billy Connolly, Chris Cornell and the Machine, Foo Fighters, Kraftwerk and Hardy, Gary Numan, The Coronas, The Killers, The Script, Vulfpeck. Tom Waits recorded his live version of "The Piano Has Been Drinking" here, released in 1981 on the Bounced Checks compilation.
Comedian and actor Dermot Morgan recorded Dermot Morgan Live here on 16 April 1994. The 1995 film An Awfully Big Adventure shot a number of scenes at the theatre. R. E. M. Held a five-night residency at the venue in the summer of 2007 and used those sessions for their 2009 album Live at the Olympia. Kris Kristofferson recorded a live set at the Olympia for the special edition of his 2009 album Closer to the Bone. Erasure played two consecutive sold-out shows at the Olympia during their Total Pop! Tour in June 2011, recording footage used for the video of their single "When I Start To"; the band played again in this venue in 2014 for two consecutive sold-out nights and in 2018 for three consecutive nights. Tori Amos played her first European gig in the Olympia. In September 2015, Sweden's Eurovision Song Contest winner Måns Zelmerlöw kicked off a 17-date European tour at the venue. Paramore kicked off their European tour of their new album After Laughter from this theatre in June 2017. On May 28 2018 American pop group Why Don’t We played their first Irish gig in the Olympia and it sold out within the first few weeks of sale The Olympia, along with Dublin's Gaiety Theatre and The Helix Theatre, presents an annual Christmas pantomime.
Its most recent productions have been Aladdin, Cinderella and the Beanstalk, Robin Hood and a revival of Cinderella which starred Jedward as the Fairy Godbrothers. In 2011, the Olympia pantomime featured Jedward once more in the Beanstalk. In November 1974, the Olympia was forced to close following major structural damage when parts of the proscenium arch and the ceiling above collapsed during a break in rehearsals for a production of West Side Story; the possibility of demolishing the building was considered by the owners. The theatre was restored and redecorated, allowing it to reopen on 14 March 1977. In November 2004, a truck reversing on Dame Street crashed into the front of the Olympia, damaging the building. A cast-iron and glass canopy from the 1890s, by the Saracen Foundry in Glasgow, was demolished during the accident but has since been restored. In 2016, the theatre was again refurbished; this time the building was refurbished at a cost of over €4 million with the venue remaining open during renovation work.
List of concert halls Anthony, Barry. The King's Jester. London: I. B. Taurus & Co. ISBN 978-1-84885-430-7. Official Website
The 100 Club is a music venue located at 100 Oxford Street, England, hosting live music since 24 October 1942. It was called the Feldman Swing Club, but changed its name when the father of the current owner took over in 1964. In 1942, the venue was a restaurant called "Macks", hired out beginning 24 October every Sunday evening by Robert Feldman at £4 per night to host a jazz club featuring swing music; the initial line-up of the Feldman Swing Club advertised in Melody Maker included Frank Weir, Tommy Pollard, Kenny Baker and Jimmy Skidmore, with guest artists the Feldman Trio, composed of Feldman's children, including the eight-year-old child prodigy jazz drummer Victor Feldman. The club's clientele included American GIs, who introduced jitterbug to the club, banned at most other music venues. Patrons included Glenn Miller, who auditioned young Victor Feldman, the club hosted many top American jazz acts, including Mel Powell, Ray McKinley, Art Pepper, Benny Goodman. Bebop as well as swing was featured.
British musicians such as Ronnie Scott and Johnny Dankworth performed there. It became a mecca for black musicians from the British Empire, such as Frank Holder, Coleridge Goode and Ray Ellington; the club was taken over by Humphrey Lyttelton's manager and, during that period, Louis Armstrong appeared at the venue. Following involvement in the Trad boom, the UK beat scene, rhythm and blues, the club became associated with Punk rock. In September 1976, the 100 Club played host to the first international punk festival, an event which helped to push the new punk rock movement from the underground into the mainstream. Bands which played at this event included the Sex Pistols and the Banshees, The Clash, The Jam, The Stranglers and The Damned. Under the promotion of Ron Watts, the venue booked punk bands like Angelic Upstarts, U. K. Subs and The Adicts, as well as, from 1981 onwards, hardcore punk bands such as The Varukers, Black Flag, Charged GBH, Picture Frame Seduction, English Dogs, etc. Several live albums were recorded at the club, including one by the Sex Pistols.
On 31 May 1982, The Rolling Stones played an unannounced show there as a warm-up for their European tour, returned again on 23 February 1986 to play a tribute show for their deceased pianist Ian Stewart, a concert, their only live performance between 1982 and 1989. Other nights would see a range of jazz, rhythm-and-blues and soul groups on the stage, including a "duel" between tenor saxophonists Teddy Edwards and Dick Morrissey in the 1980s. Other giants of jazz, including Sonny Stitt, Lee Konitz and Archie Shepp have appeared at the club; the 100 Club has been the home to the world longest running Northern soul all-nighters, the 6t's Rhythm'n' Soul Club, started by Randy Cozens and Ady Croasdell of Kent Records UK. 18 September 2010 saw the 6t's have their 31st anniversary. The decor remains unchanged since the 1970s. Instead there is a busy programme booked up many months in advance. Big-name touring bands will play "secret" or low-key unadvertised gigs there, relying on word of mouth to fill the 350-capacity space.
The "Coda Club", a monthly social gathering of jazz musicians from the Feldman Swing Club era, continues to be held. Limelight changed the venue's musical genre once again, providing "classical music in a rock'n'roll setting", hosting new or well-established classical artists once a month, Since 1988, the London Swing Dance Society have held "Stompin" on Monday nights, a swing dancing evening with classes and regular live bands. In 2009 Feldman's Swing Club was named by the Brecon Jazz Festival as one of 12 venues which had made the most important contributions to jazz music in the United Kingdom, for its contributions in the 1942–1954 period. In September 2010, it was announced that the 100 Club would close at the end of 2010 owing to continuing losses. A campaign was launched to keep the venue open, supported by musicians including Paul McCartney, in February 2011 a partnership with Nike subsidiary Converse was arranged, enabling the 100 Club to remain open. 100 Club Punk Special 100 Club website
Ronald David Wood is an English rock musician, multi-instrumentalist, artist and radio personality best known as a member of The Rolling Stones since 1975, as well as a member of Faces and the Jeff Beck Group. Wood began his career in 1964, he joined the mod group The Creation, but remained with the group only for a short time and appeared on a small number of singles. Wood joined the Jeff Beck Group in 1967 as a bass player; the band released two albums and Beck-Ola, which became moderate successes. The group split in 1969, Wood departed along with lead vocalist Rod Stewart to join former Small Faces members Ronnie Lane, Ian McLagan and Kenney Jones in a new group named Faces; the group found great success in the UK and mainland Europe, though were relegated to cult status in the United States. Faces released its debut album, First Step, in 1970; the group went on to release Long Player and A Nod Is As Good As a Wink... to a Blind Horse in 1971. Their last LP, titled Ooh La La, was released in 1973.
As the group began to split, Wood started several solo projects recording his first solo LP, I've Got My Own Album to Do, in 1974. The album featured bandmate McLagan as well as former Beatle George Harrison and Keith Richards of The Rolling Stones, a longtime friend of Wood's. Richards soon invited Wood to join the Rolling Stones, after the departure of Mick Taylor. Wood joined in 1975 and has remained a member since. Besides I've Got My Own Album to Do, Wood has recorded several other solo efforts. Now Look was released in 1975, peaked at NO. 118 on Billboard, Wood collaborated with Ronnie Lane for the soundtrack album Mahoney's Last Stand. He released Gimme Some Neck in 1979, which hit No. 45 in the US, 1234 was released in 1981, peaking at No. 164. He released Slide on This in 1992, Not for Beginners came out in 2002. and I Feel Like Playing in 2010. As a member of the Rolling Stones, Wood was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1989, was inducted a second time, as a member of Faces, in April 2012.
Wood began his career as a professional musician in 1964 as a guitarist with the Birds, a R&B band based in Yiewsley, Middlesex. A popular live act with a considerable fan base, the Birds released several singles in the mid-1960s. By 1967 the Birds had disbanded, Wood took part in a project called Santa Barbara Machine Head before joining the Jeff Beck Group as a bassist. Along with vocalist Rod Stewart, Wood did several tours with Beck and recorded two albums: Truth in 1968 and Beck-Ola in 1969. In between Jeff Beck Group projects, Wood worked with the Creation. In 1969, after Steve Marriott left the Small Faces, Wood began working with the remaining members of that group, returning to his instrument of choice, the guitar; this line-up, plus Rod Stewart and former Bird Kim Gardner, teamed up with Wood's brother Art Wood in a formation called Quiet Melon, making a handful of recordings in May 1969. After the Jeff Beck Group's fifth US tour in July and Stewart joined the former Small Faces full-time, the band's name was changed to Faces.
During the summer of 1969, Stewart and Wood set the template for what would become The Faces on An Old Raincoat Won't Ever Let You Down, Stewart's first solo album. The backing band on the album included Ian McLagan, Keith Emerson, Micky Waller and guitarists Martin Pugh, Martin Quittenton. In the first half of the 1970s, Faces released four studio albums and were among the top-grossing live acts of the period. Besides his distinctive guitar work, Wood contributed harmonica and bass to the band's recordings, co-wrote many of their songs, including "Stay With Me" and "Ooh La La", he played on bandmate Stewart's first few solo albums, is co-writer of the Rod Stewart songs "Gasoline Alley" and "Every Picture Tells a Story", as well as several songs on Never a Dull Moment. In 1972, Wood and Faces bassist Ronnie Lane composed the soundtrack to the film Mahoney's Last Stand. Wood performed with Townshend, Steve Winwood, Jim Capaldi and Eric Clapton at Clapton's Rainbow Concert in 1973. In 1973 Wood asked his old friend Mick Taylor, who he had known since the early 60s, to help out with his first solo album.
In December 1973, Wood collaborated with Mick Jagger on the song "It's Only Rock'n Roll". Jagger and Keith Richards contributed to Wood's solo LP. I've Got My Own Album to Do, was released in 1974 and recorded at Wood's private studio in the basement of his home in London, The Wick. Following Mick Taylor's departure from the Rolling Stones in December 1974, Wood participated in the band's March 1975 recording sessions for its forthcoming album Black and Blue. Although still a member of the Faces, he toured North America with the Rolling Stones in 1975. In the Rolling Stones, Wood plays the slide guitar as Taylor and Brian Jones had done before him, adding both lap steel and pedal steel guitar. In addition, Wood, as did his predecessors, exchanges roles on the guitar with Richards blurring the boundaries between rhythm and lead within a particular song, he occasionally plays bass guitar, as seen during 1975 concert performances of "Fingerprint File", when Mick Jagger played rhythm guitar and bassist Bill Wyman moved to synthe
Bob Dylan is an American singer-songwriter and visual artist, a major figure in popular culture for six decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" and "The Times They Are a-Changin'" became anthems for the Civil Rights Movement and anti-war movement, his lyrics during this period incorporated a wide range of political, social and literary influences, defied pop-music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture. Following his self-titled debut album in 1962, which comprised traditional folk songs, Dylan made his breakthrough as a songwriter with the release of The Freewheelin' Bob Dylan the following year; the album featured "Blowin' in the Wind" and the thematically complex "A Hard Rain's a-Gonna Fall". For many of these songs he adapted the tunes and sometimes phraseology of older folk songs, he went on to release the politically charged The Times They Are a-Changin' and the more lyrically abstract and introspective Another Side of Bob Dylan in 1964.
In 1965 and 1966, Dylan encountered controversy when he adopted electrically amplified rock instrumentation, in the space of 15 months recorded three of the most important and influential rock albums of the 1960s: Bringing It All Back Home, Highway 61 Revisited and Blonde on Blonde. The six-minute single. In July 1966, Dylan withdrew from touring after being injured in a motorcycle accident. During this period he recorded a large body of songs with members of the Band, who had backed him on tour; these recordings were released as the collaborative album The Basement Tapes, in 1975. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, Dylan explored country music and rural themes in John Wesley Harding, Nashville Skyline, New Morning. In 1975, he released Blood on the Tracks. In the late 1970s, he became a born-again Christian and released a series of albums of contemporary gospel music before returning to his more familiar rock-based idiom in the early 1980s; the major works of his career include Time Out of Mind, "Love and Theft", Tempest.
His most recent recordings have comprised versions of traditional American standards songs recorded by Frank Sinatra. Backed by a changing lineup of musicians, he has toured since the late 1980s on what has been dubbed "the Never Ending Tour". Since 1994, Dylan has published eight books of drawings and paintings, his work has been exhibited in major art galleries, he has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He has received numerous awards including ten Grammy Awards, a Golden Globe Award, an Academy Award. Dylan has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, Minnesota Music Hall of Fame, Nashville Songwriters Hall of Fame, the Songwriters Hall of Fame; the Pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power". In 2012, Dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 2016, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition".
Bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman in St. Mary's Hospital on May 24, 1941, in Duluth and raised in Hibbing, Minnesota, on the Mesabi Range west of Lake Superior, he has David. Dylan's paternal grandparents and Anna Zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa, in the Russian Empire, to the United States following the anti-Semitic pogroms of 1905, his maternal grandparents and Florence Stone, were Lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902. In his autobiography, Chronicles: Volume One, Dylan wrote that his paternal grandmother's maiden name was Kirghiz and her family originated from the Kağızman district of Kars Province in northeastern Turkey. Dylan's father, Abram Zimmerman – an electric-appliance shop owner – and mother, Beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community, they lived in Duluth until Dylan was six, when his father had polio and the family returned to his mother's hometown, where they lived for the rest of Dylan's childhood. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport and when he was a teenager, to rock and roll.
Dylan formed several bands while attending Hibbing High School. In the Golden Chords, he performed covers of songs by Elvis Presley, their performance of Danny & the Juniors' "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone. On January 31, 1959, three days before his death, Buddy Holly performed at the Duluth Armory. Zimmerman, 17, was in the audience. Something I didn't know what, and it gave me the chills."In 1959, Dylan's high school yearbook carried the caption "Robert Zimmerman: to join'Little Richard'." That year, as Elston Gunnn, he performed two dates with Bobby Vee, clapping. In September 1959, Zimmerman enrolled at the University of Minnesota, his focus on rock and roll gave way to American folk music. In 1985, he said: The thing about rock'n'roll is that for me anyway it wasn't enough... There were great catch-phrases and driving pulse rhythms... but the songs weren't serious or didn't reflect li