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Declaration of Pillnitz

The Declaration of Pilnite, more referred to as the Declaration of Pillnitz, was a statement issued on 27 August 1791 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden by Frederick William II of Prussia and the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II, Marie Antoinette's brother. It declared the joint support of the Holy Roman Empire and of Prussia for King Louis XVI of France against the French Revolution. Since the French Revolution of 1789, Leopold had become concerned about the safety of his sister, Marie-Antoinette, her family but felt that any intervention in French affairs would only increase their danger. At the same time, many French aristocrats were fleeing France and taking up residence in neighbouring countries, spreading fear of the Revolution and agitating for foreign support to Louis XVI. After Louis and his family had fled Paris in the hopes of inciting a counter-revolution, known as the Flight to Varennes in June 1791, Louis had been apprehended and was returned to Paris and kept under armed guard.

On 6 July 1791, Leopold issued the Padua Circular, calling on the sovereigns of Europe to join him in demanding Louis' freedom. Calling on European powers to intervene if Louis was threatened, the declaration was intended to serve as a warning to the French revolutionaries to stop infringing on the king's prerogatives and to permit his resumption of power; the declaration stated that Austria would go to war if and only if all the other major European powers went to war with France. Leopold chose this wording. Leopold issued the declaration only to satisfy the French émigrés who had taken refuge in his country and were calling for foreign interference in their homeland. "His Majesty the Emperor and His Majesty the King of Prussia declare together that they regard the actual situation of His Majesty the King of France as a matter of communal interest for all sovereigns of Europe. They hope that that interest will be recognized by the powers whose assistance is called in, that they won't refuse, together with aforementioned Majesties, the most efficacious means for enabling the French king to strengthen, in utmost liberty, the foundations of a monarchical government suiting to the rights of the sovereigns and favourable to the well-being of the French.

In that case, aforementioned Majesties are determined to act promptly and unanimously, with the forces necessary for realizing the proposed and communal goal. In expectation, they will give the suitable orders to their troops so that they will be ready to commence activity." The National Assembly of France interpreted the declaration to mean that Leopold was going to declare war. Radical Frenchmen who called for war, such as Jacques Pierre Brissot, used it as a pretext to gain influence and declare war on 20 April 1792, leading to the campaigns of 1792 in the French Revolutionary Wars. Media related to Declaration of Pillnitz at Wikimedia Commons Pillnitzer Punktation auf EPOCHE NAPOLEON in German. Declaration of Pillnitz audio episode at Warsofcoalition.com

Don Bank

Don Bank is a heritage-listed former residence and now house museum at 6 Napier Street, North Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1853 to 1858 for Edward Wollstonecraft, it is known as St. Leonard's Cottage; the property is owned by North Sydney Council. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 2 April 1999. Edward Wollstonecraft arrived in the area and took possession of Portion 323 in September 1819, granted to him on 30 June 1825. Don Bank was built on part of 212 hectares of Portion 323 A pioneer of shipping and whaling rather than a farmer, Wollstonecraft built Crows Nest Cottage on his land. Don Bank was not built between 1820 and 1830 as was assumed but recent research based on survey plans and title investigation conclusively establish that it was built no earlier than July 1853 and was extended in November 1854 when it is referred to by description in a contemporary newspaper advertisement for the sale of land and property on the North Shore by Mrs. Charlotte Carr.

In 1853 William Carr, a solicitor purchased the site. Before completion of that sale, Don Bank was built as the intended residence of his widow, Charlotte Carr, it was known as St. Leonard's Cottage and described as a four roomed home in an unsuccessful advertisement offering it for sale in November 1854. In 1853 it was known as St Leonard's Cottage. Room 6, 1 and 7 were constructed between 1856 and 1858. Don Bank is now surrounded by high rise office buildings, its primary frontage is with a secondary entrance from Oak Street to the west. The building sits north of a public garden and pathway which forms a pleasant green setting to it and allows pedestrian access between Npaier Street and Wheeler Lane. Neighbouring Victorian Georgian Revival style single storey identical houes are arranged in symmetrical pairs directly opposite Don Bank forming a strong visual and contextual relationship with it. Along with the timber-fenced Victorian garden on the Napier Street frontage, Don Bank forms an oasis amongst high rise commercial buildings.

Traffic along Napier Street is directed to the Pacific Highway to its east, a major road on North Sydney central business district. Napier Street is a one-way street parallel to the highway; the area west of Don Bank, along Oak Street displays Victorian Georgian Revival stingle storey houes with skillion verandahs. This along with the residential character of Oak Street retains the context of Don Bank as a former house; when built in 1853-4 Don Bank would have enjoyed sweeping views across to Neutral Bay. Don Bank's front garden is broadly a sweep of grass with various trees and shrubs dotting and edging or framing it. An array of small trees line its front fence and more along with shrubs are nearer the house, set well back from the fence and up a small slope. An Illawarra flame tree is near the front gate. Two Lord Howe Island palms are along the front path uphill. Other trees are to the house's northern side. Old-fashioned perennials such as flowering sages, bushes such as Cape leadwort or plumbago grow along its front fence.

Main trees comprise Californian desert fan palm, coastal banksia - a large old specimen to the north, crepe myrtle and others. A single storey Victorian Georgian Revival style cottage of vertical fitted slab construction with lath and plaster interior walls and red cedar joinery, a wide front door with French doors opening onto a verandah across the front; the original shingle roof has been replaced with corrugated iron. The verandah has good timber trelllage work of a type now rare; the cottage is of vernacular slab construction comprising a double-pile house with gabled ends and a verandah runs the length of its front and another across most of its rear elevation. It displays many features of the Colonial Regency style, including a symmetrical facade, four-room plan with a double pitched roof and a central valley, flat timber posts and decorative fascia boards, its principal elevation is four-rooms wide, two rooms flanking either side of a central hall. Each room has a separate access to the front verandah in the form of French doors with full-height shutters.

The detailing is minimal presenting twin post and latticed columns supporting the verandah roof and just above, it is edged with a scalloped fascia board. The verandah with timber floorboards extends the full length of the front elevation; the roof has been re-shingled in the recent past with she-oak. It is believed to be the second time; the interior maintains its original room configuration with additional rooms added along the north-south axis and a kitchen wing attached perpendicular to the northern-most Room 6. The central hall connects front and rear verandahs giving access to Rooms 2-5, it retains original wall boards along Room 3 and 4 walls. Calico cloth lines walls outside Rooms 2 and 5, created and hung as an interpretive element during 1980 restoration, it is estimated that Rooms 2-4 in the central core still retain up to 80% of their original fabric and are in good condition. The walls and ceiling of Room 2 date to the 1980s. Room 6, 1 and 7 were refurbished during the 1980 restoration.

This refurbishment included re-p

Dickie Williams

Richard "Dickie" L. Williams was a Welsh rugby union, professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1940s and 1950s, he played club level rugby union for Mountain Ash RFC and Bristol RUFC, representative level rugby league for Great Britain and Wales, at club level for Leeds and Hunslet, as a stand-off, i.e. number 6, Dickie Williams was born in Mountain Ash, he died aged 72 in Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. Dickie Williams won 13 caps for Wales in 1947–1953 while at Leeds, won 12 caps for Great Britain in 1948–1954 while at Leeds. Dickie Williams represented Great Britain while at Hunslet between 1952 and 1956 against France.! Great Britain Statistics at englandrl.co.uk Profile at wales.rleague.com Great Britain in Australia and New Zealand 1954 Britain hold out Kiwis at Odsal Photograph "A new ground record - The 1950 Challenge Cup Semi-final between Warrington and Leeds set a new attendance record for Odsal of 69,898. Warrington defeated Leeds in the game by 16 points to 4 - 01/01/1950" at rlhp.co.uk Photograph "Leeds' Odsal final hoodoo - Leeds and Barrow taking the field in the 1951 Challenge Cup Semi-final.

The match ended in a 14 all draw with Barrow winning the replay at Fartown 28-13. - 01/01/1951" at rlhp.co.uk

List of Freddy's Nightmares episodes

Freddy's Nightmares is television series spin-off of the successful movie series A Nightmare on Elm Street. In the United States, the first episode of the series aired on October 8, 1988; the series ran for two seasons, ending on March 1990, after 44 episodes. The series has had a limited release on VHS in the United States, United Kingdom, Brazil and the Netherlands. In the United States, the series was released on September 11, 1991, in five volumes, with one episode per volume; the UK released eight volumes, with two episodes per volume. The other countries released the same episodes as that of the UK release; the UK released a two volume DVD set on June 9, 2003. With the exception of the pilot, all of the episodes carried two separate storylines; the first half hour would be devoted to one story, while the last half hour would be devoted to a second storyline. Freddy's Nightmares – list of episodes on IMDb List of Freddy's Nightmares episodes at TV.com Freddy's Nightmares at Nightmare on Elm Street Companion

Rudy Minarcin

Rudolph Anthony Minarcin was a pitcher in Major League Baseball who played from 1955 through 1957 for the Cincinnati Redlegs and Boston Red Sox. Listed at 6 ft 0 in, 195 lb, he threw right-handed. Born in North Vandergrift, Minarcin was a two-sport star at Vandergrift High School, being the captain for both baseball and football teams. During his junior and senior years, Minarcin pitched eight one-hitters, won 10 straight games, was a member of the Western Pennsylvania Interscholastic Athletic League championship team in 1948, he was a quarterback for the football team at Vandergrift and received more than 30 scholarship offers, including one from Notre Dame, but he chose baseball instead and signed with the Vandergrift Pioneers, a minor league affiliate team of the Philadelphia Phillies organization. Minarcin spent four seasons in the minors from 1948 to 1951 before being drafted into the army. Taken by the Cincinnati Reds in the 1949 Rule V draft, he posted a 13–8 record and a 2.86 earned run average for Double A Tulsa Oilers in 1950.

The next year he was promoted to Triple A Buffalo Bisons, he responded with a 16–12 record and a 3.20 ERA in 33 games, with an heavier workload of 242 innings pitched, which included two 13-inning complete games. The Cincinnati team might well have been ready for Minarcin, but he entered the Army in 1952, was stationed two years at Camp Eustis in Virginia, where he prepared to ship out for Korea working as a physical training instructor. On his last day at camp, he had to play against each other in a touch football game, he injured his right knee and the anterior cruciate ligament in a play and never became the pitcher that he otherwise might have become. Minarcin joined Cincinnati for spring training, he persevered to make the big team rosted but twisted his knee in an April exhibition game and was instead placed on the disabled list. He started a rehabilitation program with Triple A Toronto Maple Leafs in late June, ending with a solid 11–2 record and a 3.60 ERA in 161 innings. Minarcin entered the majors in 1955 with the renamed Cincinnati Redlegs managed by Birdie Tebbetts.

They had adopted the name in 1954, at a time when the McCarthyism emotions made a change of the club name seem advisable. Minarcin went 2–1 with a save in his first 14 games, including a complete game, 6–1 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates in his first start appearance, his career highlight came on June 4, 1955, when he hurled a complete game, one-hit shutout against the Pirates at Forbes Field, in which he drove in two runs in the 6–0 victory. The Pirates' only hit, by Dale Long, was an infield single that first baseman Ted Kluszewski could not handle by in the second inning. Eleven days he tossed a complete game against the eventual 1955 World Series champion Brooklyn Dodgers. After that he brought his record to 4–1, but there was only one more win for him for the rest of the season, he finished with a 5 -- 9 mark, one save and a 4.90 ERA in 12 as a starter. Minarcin pitched for the Red Sox in parts of two seasons, going 1–0 with a 2.66 ERA and two saves in two relief appearances and one start in 1956.

The next year, he did not have a decision. He played with Triple A Havana Sugar Kings in 1956, two final seasons in organized ball with the Maple Leafs from 1957 to 1958. In a three-season major league career, Minarcin collected a 6–9 record and a 4.66 ERA in 70 appearances, including 13 starts, three complete games, one shutout and three saves, striking out 70 batters while walking 89 in 170 innings of work. In addition, he went 77–61 with a 3.59 ERA in parts of eight minor league seasons spanning 1949–1958. Following his baseball career, Minarcin took over his father's grocery store in Vandergrift and ran that until he retired in 1995, he married Sonja Urbanski in 1957, they had had three girls and a boy. He was widowed in 1988, but continued to be an avid sports fan and enthusiast and enjoyed playing softball and coaching Little League teams after that, he was a huge Pirates fan his whole life, while growing up and listening the narrations of Rosey Rowswell and Bob Prince on the radio broadcasts.

He followed the resurgence of the 2013 Pirates team, falling ill the week of the National League Division Series. Minarcin died on October 15, 2013, at Good Samaritan Hospice in Cabot, Pennsylvania at the age of 83. Career statistics and player information from MLB, or Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference

Ab ovo

Ab ovo is Latin for "from the beginning, the origin, the egg". The term is a reference to one of the twin eggs; the eggs were laid by Leda after Zeus, disguised as a swan, either seduced and mated with or raped her, according to different versions. Had Leda not laid the egg, Helen would not have been born, so Paris could not have eloped with her, so there would have been no Trojan War; the English literary use of the phrase comes from Horace's Ars Poetica, where he describes his ideal epic poet as one who "does not begin the Trojan War from the double egg", the absolute beginning of events, the earliest possible chronological point, but snatches the listener into the middle of things. This advice is famously rejected in Laurence Sterne's novel The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman; this use is distinct from the longer phrase ab ovo usque ad mala which appears in Horace's Satire 1.3. It refers to the course of a Roman meal, which began with eggs and ended with fruit, is similar to the American English phrase "soup to nuts".

Thus ab ovo can be used to mean a complete or entire thing. List of Latin phrases